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COLLECTIONS 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Committee of publication. 

GEORGE E. ELLIS. 
WILLIAM H. WHITMOKE. 
HENRY WARREN TORREY. 
JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL. 



The Engraving of Judge Sewall, here presented, is 
from tvhat is supposed to be mi original Portrait of him., in 
possession of his descendants, the Misses Ridgivay, of Boston. 
They have very kindly permitted the Society the privilege of 
having this engraved copy made from the painting. The 
Editors are endeavoring to trace the origin and history of the 
Portrait, ivith its date, and the name of the artist whose work 
it is. 




^i^ 0^l?yill fr-AcD 



COLLECTIONS 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



VOL. v. — FIFTH SERIES. 




BOSTON : 
PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY. 

M.DCCC.LXXVIII. 






University Press : John Wilson & Son 
Cambridge. 



SECOND EDITION. 






OFFICERS 

OP THE 

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Elected Apkil 10, 1878. 



HON. ROBERT C. WINTHROP, LL.D Boston. 

HON. CHARLES F. ADAMS, LL.D Boston. 

REV. GEORGE E. ELLIS, D.D Boston. 

^ccorbmg Sjccrctarg. 
GEORGE DEXTER, A.M Cambridge. 

Corresponbmg Sarctarg. 
CHARLES DEANE, LL.D CAMBRiDofc. 

^Treasurer. 
CHARLES C. SMITH, ESQ Boston. 

ITibrariait. 
SAMUEL A. GREEN, M.D Boston. 

CabhtEf-^etptr. 
WILLIAM S. APPLETON, A.M Boston. 

€«tu{ibe Committee of t^e Coonril. 

RICHARD FROTHTXGHAM, LL.D Boston. 

CHARLES C. PERKINS, A.M Boston. 

AVINSLOW WARREN, LL.B Dedham. 

CHARLES W. TUTTLE, A.M Boston. 

LEVERETT SALTON STALL, A.M Newton. 



RESIDENT MEMBERS, 

AT THE DATE OF THE PUBLICATION OF THIS VOLUME IX THE ORDER OF 
THEIR ELECTION. 



Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, LL.D. 
Hon. Charles Francis Adams, LL.D. 
Rev. George E. Ellis, D.D. 
Hon. John C. Gray, LL.D. 
Hon. George S. Hillard, LL.D. 
Hon. Peleg W. Chandler, LL.D. 
Rev. George W. Blagden, D.D. 
Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D. 
Hon. Solomon Lincoln, A.M. 
Rev. Chandler Robbins, D.D. 
John Langdon Sibley, A.M. 
Hon. Ricliard Frothingham, LL.D. 
Henry Wheatland, M.D. 
Charles Deane, LL.D. 
Francis Parkman, LL.B. 
Ellis Ames, A.B. 
Rev. Samuel K. Lothrop, D.D. 
Rev. William Xewell, D.D. 
John A. Lowell, LL.D. 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, M.D. 
Henry AV. Longfellow, LL.D. 
Jacob Bigelow, LL.D. 
Hon. Stephen Salisbury, LL.D. 
Henry Austin Whitney, A.M. 
Rev. William S. Bartlet, A.M. 
Leverett Saltonstall, A.M. 
Rev. Alonzo H. Quint, D.D. 
Samuel F. Haven, A.M. 
Hon. Richard H. Dana, Jr., LL.D. 
Hon. Caleb Gushing, LL.D. 
[vi] 



Henry W. Torrey, A.M. 
Williams Latham, A.B. 
Hon. Charles Hudson, A.M. 
Rev. Robert C. Waterston, A.M. 
Thomas C. Amory, A.M. 
Samuel A. Green, M.D. 
Hon. James M. Robbins. 
Charles Eliot Xorton, A.M. 
Hon. John J. Babson. 
Robert Bennett Forbes, Esq. 
Rev. Edward E. Hale, A.M. 
Rev. Andrew P. Peabody, D.D. 
William G. Brooks, Esq. 
Hon. Horace Gray, LL.D. 
Amos A. Lawrence, A.M. 
Rev. Edwards A. Park, D.D. 
Hon. Francis E. Parker, LL.B. 
William H. Whitmore, A.M. 
George B. Emerson, LL.D. 
James Russell Lowell, LL.D. 
Rev. Nicholas Hoppin, D.D. 
Nathaniel Thayer, A.M. 
Erastus B. Bigelow, LL.D. 
Hon. William C. Endicott, A.B. 
Hon. Eben. Rockwood Hoar, Lli.D 
Hon. Seth Ames, A.M. 
Josiah P. Quincy, A.M. 
Samuel Eliot, LL.D. 
Henry G. Denny, A.M. 
Charles C. Smith, Esq. 



RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



yii 



Hon. George S. Hale, A.B. 
Robert M. Mason, Esq. 
William S. Appleton, A.M. 
Rev. Henry M. Dexter, D.D. 
Theodore Lyman, S.B. 
Hon. William T. Davis, A.B. 
Rev. George Punchard, A.M. 
Abner C. Goodell, A.M. 
William Amory, A.M. 
Edward D. Harris, Esq. 
Ralph Waldo Emerson, LL.D. 
Augustus T. Perkins, A.M. 
Hon. Mellen Chamberlain, LL.B. 
Winslow Warren, LL.B. 
Francis W. Palfrey, A.M. 
Charles W. Tuttle, A.M. 
Charles W. Eliot, LL.D. 
William Gray, A.M. 
Delano A. Goddard, A.M. 
Rev. Henry W. Foote, A.M. 



Charles C. Perkins, A.M. 
Charles F. Dunbar, A.B. 
Hon. Charles Devens, LL.D. 
Charles F. Adams, Jr., A.B. 
William P. Upham, A.M. 
Hon. A. H. Bullock, LL.D. 
Fitch Edward Oliver, M.D. 
William Everett, Ph.D. 
George B. Chase, A.M. 
Henry Cabot Lodge, Ph.D. 
John T. Morse, Jr., A.B. 
Justin Winsor, A.B. 
J. Elliot Cabot, LL.B. 
George Dexter, A.M. 
Hon. Gustavus Vasa Fox. 
Henry Lee, A.M. 
Gamaliel Bradford, A.B. 
Rev. Edward J. Young, A.M. 
Hon. John Lowell, LL.D. 



HONORARY AND CORRESPONDING 
MEMBERS, 

ELECTED UNDER THE ORIGINAL ACT OF INCORPORATION, 1794, IN THE ORDER 
OF THEIR ELECTION. 



T. A. Moerenhout, Esq. 
Rev. Luther Halsey, D.D. 
Rev. Leonard Bacon, D.D. 
John Winthrop, Esq. 
Rt. Rev. William B. Stevens, D.D. 
Major E. B. Jarvis. 
E. George Squier, Esq. 
Hon. George Bancroft, LL.D. 
J. Hammond Trumbull, LL.D. 
[viii] 



James Ricker, Jr., Esq. 
Henry Stevens, F.S.A. 
Frederick Griffin, Esq. 
Rev. William S. Southgate. 
Hon. Samuel G. Arnold, LL.D. 
John Gilmary Shea, LL.D. 
James Lenox, Esq. 
Hon. John R. Bartlett, A.M. 
G. P. Faribault, Esq. 



HONORARY AND CORRESPONDING MEMBERS, 

ELECTED SINCE THE PASSAGE OF THE ACT OF 1857. 



Honorary. 

Francois A, A. Mignet. 

Comte Adolphe de Circourt. 

M. Edouard Rene Lefebre Labou- 

laye, LL.D. 
Hon. John A. Dix, LL.D. 
Leopold Von Ranke. 
James Anthony Froude, M.A. 
The Very Rev. Arthur Penrhyn 

Stanley, D.D. 
Thomas Carlyle, D.C.L. 
Edward A. Freeman, D.C.L. 
Hon. George P. Marsh, LL.D. 
The Right Rev. Lord Arthur Her- 

vey, LL.D. 
Hon. Hugh Blair Grigsby, LL.D. 
Rev. Leonard Woods, D.D., LL.D. 
Rev. Theodore Dwight Woolsey, 

D.D. 
David Masson, LL.D. 
Rev. Barnas Sears, D.D. 
Baron F. von Holtzeudorff. 
Comte de Paris. 
Prof. William Stubbs, D.C.L. 
Hon. William M. Evarts, LL.D. 
Hon. Horatio Seymour, LL.D. 
Henri Martin. 

Corresponding. 

Rev. Samuel Osgood, D.D. 
AYilliam Durrant Cooper, F.S.A. 
Edmund B. O'Callaghau, LL.D. 
Benjamin F. French, Esq. 
William H. Trescot, Esq. 
John G. Kohl, LL.D. 
Benjamin R. Winthrop, Esq. 
J. Carson Brevoort, LL.D. 
George H. Moore, LL.D. 
AV. Xoel Sainsbury, Esq. 
S. Austin AUibone, LL.D. 
Henry T. Parker, A.M. 
Benson J. Lossing, LL.D. 
Lyman C. Draper, LL.D. 
George Washington Greene, LL.D. 



Rev. William G. Eliot, D.D. 

Henry B. Dawson, Esq. 

Goldwin Smith, LL.D. 

George T. Curtis, A.B. 

James Parton, Esq. 

Hon. John Meredith Read, A.M. 

Joseph Jackson Howard, LL.D. 

Brantz Mayer, Esq. 

John Winter Jones, F.S.A. 

Richard Henry Major, F.S.A. 

Rev. Edmond de Pressense. 

Charles J. Stille, LL.D. 

William W. Story, A.M. 

M. Jules Marcou. 

Thomas B. Akins, Esq. 

M. Pierre Margry, 

Charles J. Hoadly, Esq, 

John Foster Kirk, Esq. 

Rev. William I. Budington, D.D. 

Benjamin Scott, F.R.A.S. 

Hon. Charles H. Bell, A.M. 

Rev. William Barry. 

Rev. Edward D. Xeill, A.B. 

Rev. J. Lewis Diman, D.D. 

Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D. 

William Ganimell, LL.D. 

Rev. Thomas Hill, D.D., LL.D. 

Josiah G. Holland, M.D. 

Hon. Manning F. Force, LL.B. 

Comte Achille de Rochambeau. 

Sir Bernard Burke, C.B., LL.D. 

Samuel Rawson Gardiner, A.M. 

Hon. John Bigelow. 

George William Curtis, LL.D. 

Henry C. Lea, Esq. 

Hubert H. Bancroft, A.M. 

Thomas Wentworth Higginson, 

A.M. 
Rev. John R. Green, LL.D. 
Rev. Richard S. Storrs, D.D. 
William F. Poole, A.M. 
Rev. E. Edwards Beardsley, D.D. 
John Austin Stevens, A.B. 
Joseph F. Loubat, LL.D. 
Charles H. Hart, LL.B. 

[ix] 



MEMBERS DECEASED. 



Resident, Honorary, and Corresponding Members, who have died since the publica- 
tion of the List of Members in the last volume of the Collections, April 1, 
1878 ; or of whose death information has been received since that date. 



Resident. 
Hon. George T. Bigelow, LL.D. | Hon. Benjamin F. Thomas, LL.D. 

Honorary and Corresponding, 
Erastus Smith, Esq. | William CuUen Bryant, LL.D. 



DIARY 



OP 



SAMUEL SEWALL. 

1674-1729. 

Vol. I. 
1674-1700. 



The Engraving of Judge Sew all, Tiere presented^ is 
from what is supposed to be an original Portrait of him, in 
possession of his descendants, the Misses Ridgivay, of Boston. 
They have very kindly permitted the Society the privilege of 
having this engraved copy made from the painting. The 
Editors are endeavoring to trace the origin and history of the 
Portrait, with its date, and the name of the artist whose work 
it is. 



INTRODUCTION. 



Inasmuch as in the following Diarj there is so frequent men- 
tion of family affairs, and reference to relatives whose affinity is 
not readily discernible, it may be well to devote some pages to 
the genealogy of the Sewall family, and of those allied to it. 

For convenience we will treat first of the main family and of 
such of the blood-relations of the Chief Justice as Avere alive in 
his time ; secondly, of the family of his mother, the Dummers, 
and of the Hull connection, through his wife ; thirdly, of his 
own descendants. 

OF THE MAIN LINE OF SEWALLS. 

First in importance in this branch is a letter written by Sam- 
uel Sewall to his son, dated Aug. 26, 1720, and printed in the 
New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. I. pp. 
111-113. This letter was in the possession of the late Rev. 
Samuel Sewall, of Burlington, Mass., and is now in that of his 
son. This printed copy, however, has been collated with a 
transcript made by Samuel Sewall, Jr., to whom it was ad- 
dressed, and the very trifling differences noted. 

Boston", April 21, 1720. 

Dp:ar Sox, — You have often desired, that I would give you some 
account of tlie family of which you are. And although I am much less 
able to doe any thing of this natui'e now when I have been left of my 
dear Parents very near Twenty years, yet considering the longer I stay, 
the more unfit I shall be, take what I have to say as follows : 

Mr Ilenry Sewall, my great Grandfather, was a Linen Draper in the 
City of Coveutr}^ in Great Britain. He accjuired a great Estate, was a 
prudent Man, and was more than once chosen Mayor of the City. 



Xll INTRODUCTION". 

Mr Henry Sewall, my Grandfather, was his eldest Son, who out of 
dislike to the English Hierarchy sent over his onely Son, my Father, Mr 
Henry Sewall, to New England in the year 1634, with Net Cattel and 
Provisions sutable for a new Plantation. Mr Cotton would have had 
my Father settle at Boston ; but in regard of his Cattel he chose to goe 
to Newbury, whether my Grandfather soon followed him. Where also 
my Grandfather Mr Stephen Dummer and Alice his wife likewise 
dwelled under the Ministry of the Reverend Mr Thomas Parker and 
Mr James Noyes. 

On the 25'i^ March, 1646, Richard Saltonstall, Esq. Grandfather of 
Gurdon Saltonstall, Esq. now Governour of Connecticut, joined to- 
gether in Marriage my father Mr Henry Sewall and my Mother Mrs 
Jane Dummer, eldest Child of Mr Stephen Dummer aforesaid and Alice 
his wife: my Father being then about 32, and my Mother about 19 
years of age. 

But the Climat being not agreeable to my Grandfather and Grand- 
mother Dummer, (whose Maiden name was Archer) they returned to 
England the Winter following, and my Father with them, and dwelt 
awhile at Warwick, and afterwards removed to Hampshire. My Sister 
Hannah Tappin, their eldest ChUd, was born at Tunworth May 10*, 
1649. Baptised by Mr Haskins. 

I was born at Bishop Stoke, March 28, 1652 ; so that the light of the 
Lord's Day was the first light that my Eyes saw, being born a little 
before day-break. I was baptised by Mr Rashly, (sometime Member 
of the Old Church in Boston) in Stoke Church May 4* 1652. Mr 
Rashly first preached a Sermon, and then baptised me. After which 
an entertainment was made for him and many more. Some months 
after, my Father removed to Badesly, where my Brother John Sewall 
was born Oct. 10. 1654, and was baptised in my Father's House Nov. 22 
by Mr Henry Cox, Minister of Bishop Stoke. 

My brother Stephen Sewall was born at Badesly Aug. 19th, 1657, 
baptised in my father's house by the said Mr Cox. My Father had 
made one Voyage to New England to visit my Grandfather Mr Henry 
Sewall. And in tlie year 1659 he went thither again ; his rents at New- 
bury coming to very little when remitted to England. In my father's 
absence, October 25, 1659, my Sister Jane Gerrish was born at Badesly 
and was baptised by Mr Cox at Bishop Stoke in the house of Mr Boys. 

At this Badesly, by the merciful goodness of God, I was taught to 
read English. And afterwards was educated in the Grammer School at 
Rumsey of which Mr Figes was Master. 

My Father sent for my Mother to come to him to New England. I 
remember being at Bishop Stoke and Badesly, April 23, 1661, the day 
of the Coronation of K. Charles the 2% the Thunder and Lightening of it. 



INTRODUCTION. XUl 

Quickly after my Mother went to Winchester with 5 small Children, 
Hannah, Samuel, John, Stephen and Jane ; and John Nash and Mary 
Hobs her Servants there to be in a readiness for the Pool Waggons. At 
this place her near Relations, especially my very worthy and pious Uncle 
Mr Stephen Dummer took leave with Tears. Capt. Dummer of Swath- 
ling treated us with Raisins and Almonds. My Mother lodged in Pump- 
yard, London, waiting for the going of the Ship, the Prudent Mary, Capt. 
Isaac Woodgreen, Commander. Went by water to Graves-End where 
the Ship lay. Took in Sheep at Dover. Passengers in the Ship at the 
same time were Major Brown, a young brisk Merchant and a consider- 
able Freighter ; Mr Gilbert and his wife, He was Minister at Topsfield ; 
Madam Bradstreet, then Gardener ; Mrs Martha, Mr Pitkins Sister, who 
died lately at Windsor, and many others. We were about eight weeks 
at Sea, where we had nothing to see but Water and the Sky ; so that I be- 
gan to fear I should never get to Shoar again ; only I thought the Capt. 
and Mariners would not have ventured themselves if they had not hopes 
of getting to Land again. Capt. Woodgreen arrived here on Satterday. 
I was overjoyed to see Land again, especially being so near it as in the 
Narrows. 'Twas so late by that time we got to the Castle, that our men 
held a discourse with them whether they should fire or no, and reckoned 
't was agreed not to doe it. But presently after the Castle fired ; which 
much displeased the Ship's Company ; and then they fired. On the 
Lord's day my Mother kept aboard ; but I went ashoar, the Boat 
grounded, and I was carried out in arms July 6, 1661. My Mother 
lodg'd at ]Mr Richard Collicott's. This week there was a publick Thanks- 
giving. My Father hastened to Boston and carried his Family to 
Newbury by Water in Mr Lewis. Brother Tapan has told me our 
arrival there was upon Lecture-day which was Wednesday. Mr Ordway 
carried me ashore in his Canoe. We sojourned at Mr Titcomb's. My 
Father 2:>resently sent me to school to the Reverend and Excellent Mr 
Thomas Parker, with whom I continued till my entrance into the Col- 
lege ; being admitted by the very learned and pious Mr Charles Chauncey. 

Sept. 3, 1662, Mother was brought to bed of Sister Anne, Mr Joshua 
Moodey the Minister's Mother being her Midwife. Baptised by Mr 
Parker. 

May, 8, 1665, Sister Mehetabel was born: Baptised by Mr Parker. 
She became wife to the midwife's Grandson, Mr AVilliam Moodey. Dor- 
othy Sewall (now Northend) was born Oct. 29, 1668. Baptised by ^Ir 
Parker. 

At this time the commencement was in August. In the year 1667 
my father brought me to be admitted, by which means I heard ^Ir Kicli- 
ard Mather of Dorchester preach Mr Wilson's Funeral Sermon. " Your 
Fathers where are they?" I was admitted by the very learned uud 



/XIV INTEODUCTION". 

pious Mr Charles Chauncey, who gave me my first Degree in the year 
1671. There were no Masters in that year. These Bachelours were the 
last Mr Chauncey gave a decree to, for he died the February following. 

In July 1672, Dr Hoar came over with his Lady and sojourned with 
your Grandfather Hull. He was my Aunt Quincey's Brother ; and 
preached, as an assistant, to the Rev. Mr Thomas Thacher at the South 
Church. The College quickly called him to be President. He was in- 
stalled in the College Hall in December 1672. Gov. Bellingham lay 
dead in his House, and Dep. Gov. Leverett was the Chief Civil Magis- 
trat present at that Solemnity. The March following Mrs Bridget Hoar, 
now Cotton, was born in Cambridge. In 1674 I took my 2*! Degree and 
Mrs Hannah Hull, my dear Wife, your honoured Mother, was invited 
by the Dr. and his Lady to be with them a while at Cambridge. She saw 
me when I took my Degree and set her affection on me, though I knew 
nothing of it till after our Marriage; which was February 28th. 1675-6. 
Gov. Bradstreet married us in that we now call the Old Hall ; 't was then 
all in one, a very large Room. As I remember. Madam Thacher and 
Madam Paige, with whom Gov. Bradstreet boarded, visited us the next 
day. 

On the 2*? of April, 1677, it pleased God to favour us with the birth 
of your brother John Sewall, our first-born. In June 1678 you were 
born. Your brother lived till the September following, and then died. 
So that by the Undeserved Goodness of God your Mother and I never 
were without a child after the 2d of April 1677. 

In the Fall 1678, 1 was seized with the Small Pocks and brought very 
near to death ; so near that I was reported to be dead. But it pleased 
God of his Mercy to Recover me. Multitudes died, two of my special 
Friends viz. Mr John Noyes, and Ensign Benjamin Thirston, who both 
died while I lay sick : and Mr William Dummer, Son of Jeremiah Dum- 
mer Esq. aged about 19 years* Presently after my Recovery, in De- 
cember, Col. Townsend and I were bearers to Mr Joseph Tappin one of 
the most noted Shop-keepers in Boston. 

And now what shall I render to the Lord for all his benefits ? The 

* By some oversight in copying, this line regarding Dummer was omitted 
in the Register. The following note was printed, however, in that maga- 
zine, being an endorsement made by the recipient of tlie letter, Samuel 
Sewall, Jr. : — 

"June 30th, 1729. Rec"? the following acC? of my Hon"? Father: viz. 
my Great Grandfather Sewall lived at Xewbury at Old Town Green, where 
the first Meeting House stood : and upon the Removal of the Meeting House 
where it now stands (being Mr. Tappin's Meeting House), He sold his 
House and Ground and moved to Rowley where he died and was Buried." 
— Eds. 



INTEODUCTION". 



XV 



good Lord help me to walk humbly and Thankfully with Him all my 
days ; and profit by Mercies and by Afflictions ; that through Faith and 
Patience I may also in due time fully inherit the Promises. Let us in- 
cessantly pray for each other, that it may be so ! 

Samuel Sewall. 
AuGT. 26. 1720. 



Recently, at the request of a descendant, investigations have 
been made in England by our well-known Corresponding Mem- 
ber, Col. Joseph L. Chester ; and, by the kindness of the gen- 
tleman who procured the search, the main results are here 
submitted. 

The family cannot, as yet, be traced beyond the two brothers, 
Henry and William Sewall, both Mayors of Coventry ; and Col. 
Chester expresses a doubt if any earlier generations will here- 
after be identified. We assume that these brothers were the 
true founders of their race. 

A strong argument against the supposition that Henry Sewall 
was of ascertained gentle birth is the following fact: His 
youngest son, Richard, of Nuneaton, county Warwick, married 
Mary, only sister of Sir William Dugdale, Garter King of Arms. 
Yet Dugdale nowhere terms him any thing beyond " youngest 
son of Henry Sewall, Alderman of Coventry." So the " Visita- 
tion of Warwickshire " (Harleian Society) of 1619 gives this 
match (p. 327), and terms him " of Coventry." 

On the other hand, the arms of which we annex a copy from 
Hurd's engraved portrait of Rev. Joseph Sewall, dated 1768, are 
said by a writer in the American Quarterly Register for 1811, 
p. 238, note, to have been handed down among the Sewalls in 
New England and Canada, and, with a difference in the crest, 
amons: the Sewalls in the Southern States. 




XVI INTRODUCTION". 

There was, in England, a family named Seawale, whereof 
John Seawale was Sheriff of Essex and Herts in the fourth year 
of Richard II. (A. D. 1381), said by Fuller, in his " Worthies of 
England," to bear sahle^ a chevron between three gad-bees argent^ 
being the same arms as those above engraved. (See a reference 
to Fuller's book in the Diary, jpos?;, p. 484.) Papworth gives the 
same arms to Seewell, of Thingdon, county Northampton, and 
Sewale, county Chester, 1716. The same arms, with bees for 
gad-flies, he credits to Sewell, of Newport, Isle of Wight. 

We have no example of the use of these arms by Chief-Justice 
Sewall himself, nor are they depicted on a portrait of liis brother, 
Stephen Sewall, now preserved in the Essex Institute at Salem. 
What amount of authority appertains to this use of these arms 
by the American family we will not attempt to decide. It is 
possible that some seal-engraver or herald-painter of New 
England may be alone responsible for it ; but this supposition 
lacks proof equally. Of course, in theory, no coat-of-arms 
is of value unless recognized by Heralds' College, or fortified 
by centuries of public use. Yet it may be presumed that the 
descendants of any person holding in England a j)osition equiv- 
alent to that of Judge Sewall would use any arms which he 
might have borne, without scruple or challenge. 

One little trace we discern. Sewall himself (^post, p. 305) 
speaks of seeing at Coventry " the City Hall wliere [I] saw my 
great-grandfather's name without any a?/as." On the same 
page he speaks of his ''namesake, Mr. Shewell," a clergyman. 

Again, in the "Visitation of Warwickshire," 1619, p. 289, in 
this generation we find that Anna, daughter of Henry Wag- 
staffe, of Harbery, married "William Shawell, of the city of Cov- 
entry. This we presume to be the brother of Henry ; and we 
infer that any future search must be under the name of Shewell 
or Shawell. 

We now proceed to the pedigree as traced : — 

1. Henry ^ Sewall, born about 1544, Alderman of Coventry, Mavor in 
1589 and 1606. Will dated 1 Sept., 1624; proved 30 June,*'l628. 
Died 16 Ajiril, 1628, aged 84. 13uried in St. Michael's Church, 
Coventry. JNIarried Margaret, eldest daughter of Avery Graze- 
brook, of Middleton, co. Warwick, about 1575. Will dated 7 May, 
1628; adm. 23 Nov.. 1629. Buried in St. Michael's. 
I.'' sue, two sons and two daughters, of whom hereafter. 



INTRODUCTION". Xvii 

2. William^ Sewall, vintner, Mayor of Coventry in 1617. Will 

dated 29 June, 1624; proved 11 Sept., 1624. Married Ann (prob- 
ably Wagstaffe, see above), who died 20 Dec, 1609, aged 46, and 
was buried in St. Michael's. 

They had three daughters, all living in 1624, viz.: — 

i. P]lizabeth,^ wife of Thomas Symes, of Coventry, brazier, 
ii. Lucy,'^ wife of Henry Tadlow. 
iii. Anne,^ unmarried then. 

1. Hknry^ Sewall, already mentioned, and Margaret Grazebrook, had 
issue. 
3. I. Henry,'^ of whom presently. 
II. Richard,^ of Nuneaton, co. Warwick; admin. 2 Jan., 1638- 
39 ; married Mary, sister of Sir William Dugdale ; bapt. 
7 Dec, 1597; died about 1648. 

They had issue : — 
i. Richard,^ of Nuneaton; will dated 11 Aug., 1642; 

proved 29 April, 1648. 
ii. Henry,^ an apprentice in 1642; living 1648. 
iii. Samuel,^ a minor in 1648. 
iv. Margaret,^ aged 4 in 1619 ; d. young. 

V. Mary,^ b. 1616 ; living in 1642; wife of Dudley. 

vi. Elizabeth,^ b. 1618; m. Edmund Seare, Notary Pub- 
lic ; living 1648. 
vii. Anne,^ living 1648. 
viii. Prudence,^ living 1648. 
ix. Sarah,^ living 1 648. 

III. Anne^ (Sewall), m. before 1 Sept., 1624, Anthony Power, 

of Kenilworth, co. Warwick, gent. He d. between 21 
Dec, 1632, and 15 .January following. Her will is dated 
15 January, and proved 1 May, 1633. 
They had : — 

i. Henry,^ in 1632. 

ii. Stephen,^ living 1646. 
iii. William,^ m. 1632. 
iv. Anthony,^ living in 1 648. 

V. Hannah,^ wife of Thomas Lee in 1 646. 
vi. ]Mary,^ wife of William Holbech in 1646. 

IV. Margaret- (Sewall)* m. Abraham Randall, of Coventry, 

gent; d. s. jo. before 1646. Her will dated May 4th, 
proved May 22, 1640. 

3. Hexry ^ Sewall, of Coventry, married Anne Hunt. He was bapt. 

at St. Micliael's, 8 April, l.)70 ; emigrated to New England, and 
died at Rowley. Mass., in 1657, aged ^l years. 
Their onlv child was: — 



* Sewall (post, pp. 305, 306) visited some of these cousins, tlioii^'li most 
of liis relatives whom he mentions were on his mother's side, and so one 
generation nearer. We have endeavored to di.-jtiiiguish tlie two classes iu 
tliis genealogical sketch. 



XVIU INTRODUCTION. 

4-, Henry' Sewall, of Newbury, Mass.; born at Coventry, in 1614; 
came to New England in 1634; married at Newbury, 25 March, 
1646, Jane, daughter of Stephen and Alice Dummer, and died 16 
May, 1700, aged 86. His widow died 13 Jan., 1701, aged 74. 
Their children were : — 

5. i. Hannah,^ b. in England, 10 May, 1649. 



6. 


ii. 


Samuel,* „ „ 


28 March, 1652, 


7. 


iii. 


John,* . „ „ 


10 Oct., 1654. 


8. 


iv. 


Stephen,* „ „ 


10 Aug., 1657. 


9. 


V. 


Jane,* „ „ 


25 Oct., 1659. 


10. 


vi. 


Anne,* „ New Eng. 


,, 3 Sept., 1662. 


11. 


vii. 


Mehetable,* „ „ 


8 May, 1665. 


12. 


viii. 


Dorothy,* „ „ 


29 Oct., 1668. 



Generation in wTiicJi Samuel Sewall belongs, with his Nephews 

and Nieces. 

5. Hannah* Sewall married, 24 Aug., 1670, Jacob Tappan, or Top- 

pan, of Newbury, and had : — 

i. Jacob,5b. 20 May, 1671. 
ii. Samuel,^ b. 30 Sept., 1672; d. 25 Aug., 1691. 
iii. Jane,5b. 28 Sept., 1674. 
iv. John,5 b. 29 Jan., 1677. 
V. HannaK,^ b. 4 March, 1679. 
vi. Elizabeth,^ b. 20 Dec, 1680. 
vii. Abraham,^ b; 29 June, 1684. 
viii. Ann,5b. 16 May, 1686. 
His wife died 11 Nov., 1699, and he married secondly Hannah, widow 
of John Sewall, his brother-in-law, and died 30 Dec, 1717. His widow 
died 4 April, 1723. 

6. Samuel * Sewall, the writer of the Journal, married first Hannah, 

only daughter of John Hull, and had : — 

i. John,^ b. 2 April, 1677 ; d. 11 Sept., 1678. 

13. ii. Samueb^b. 11 June, 1678. 

iii. Hannah,^ b. 3 Feb., 1679-80 ; d. unm., 16 Aug., 1724. 

14. iv. Elizabeth,^ b. 29 Dec, 1681 ; m. Grove Hirst. 

V. Hull,= b. 8 July, 1684; d. 18 June, 1686. 
vi. Henry ,^ b. 7 Dec, 1685; d. 22 Dec, 1685. 
vii. Stephen,^ b. 30 Jan., 1686-87 ; d. 26 July, 1687. 

15. viii. Joseph,^ b. 15 Aug., 1688. 

ix. Judith,^ b. 13 Aug., 1690 ; d. 21 Sept., 1690. 

16. X. Mary ,5 b. 28 Oct., 1G9,1 ; m. Samuel Gerrish. 
xi. Jane,5 b. 7 Aug., 1693 ; d. 13 Sept., 1693. 

xii. Sarah,5 b. 21 Nov., 1694; d. 
xiii. A still-born child, b. 21 May, 1696. 

17. xiv. Judith,^ b. 2 Jan., 1701-2; m. Rev. William Cooper. 
His wife died 19 Oct., 1717, and he married secondly, 29 Oct., 1719, 

Abigail, daughter of Jacob Melyen, who had been married twice before ; 



INTRODUCTION. XIX 

viz., to James Woodmansey and William Tilley. She died 26 May, 1720, 
and he married thirdly, 29 March, 1722, Mary, daughter of Henry Shrimp- 
ton, and widow of Robert Gibbs. He had no children by the last two 
wives. He died 1 Jan., 1730. His widow died * 

7. John* Sewall, of Newbury, married, 27 Oct., 1671, Hannah Fes- 

senden, of Cambridge, probably his cousin, and had : — 
i. Hannah,^ b. 21 Dec, 1675 ; d. 

ii. Hannah,^ b. 26 Dec, 1677; m. Rev. Samuel Moody, 
iii. John,6 b. 10 April, 1680. 
iv. Henry,« b. 7 Sept., 1682. 
V. Stephen,^ b. 17 Jan., 1685. 
vi. Samuel,^ b. 9 April, 1 688. 
vii. Nicholas,^ ") b. 1 June, 1690. 

viii. ^ ) ; d. 

ix. Thomas,* b. 5 March, 1693; d. at college, 18 July, 
1716. 
He died 8 Aug., 1699, and his widow married Jacob Toppan, who had 
married first Hannah, sister of her husband, and died 4 April, 1723. 

8. Stephen* Seavall, of Newbury, married, 13 June, 1682, Margaret, 

daughter of Rev. Jonathan Mitchell, and had : — 
i. Margaret,* b. 7 May, 1687. 
ii. Samuel,* b. 24 Nov., 1689. 
iii. Susanna,* b. 24 Oct., 1691. 
iv. Jonathan,* b. 7 Feb., 1693. 
V. Jane,*b. 10 Feb., 1695. 
vi. Mehetable,* b. 21 May, 1697. 
vii. Mitchell,* b. 29 Oct., 1690. 

* The following extracts are from the note books of Samuel Sewall, Jr. 
— Eds. 

" 1717. H. S. dies. October 19, my dear mother dies, a quarter after 4 
in the afternoon; buried the 23d instant. 27th. Dr. C. Matlier preaches a 
funeral sermon." 

" October 29th, father Sewall married by brother Sewall to Madam Abi- 
gail Tilley. Brother prayed and married them ; then ]Mr Prince pra_y('d, then 
sung a psalm. 30th, a great dinner provided for Gov'' and Council with many 
others." 

"1720 May 26. Mother Madam Abigael Sewall dies suddenly, being 
taken a little after 10 at night, and expired about 12 in the night. Her 
maiden name was Melyen, and then Tilley, and then Sewall." 

" INIarch 20th, 1722. Brother William Cooper marries F [atlier] Sewall 
to Madam Mary Gibl)s; my wife and I present, with brethren and sisters. 
Brother Cooper prayed before marriage and brother Sewall aft(>r." 

" August 16th, 1724. Forenoon about 11 of the clock, my dear sister 
Hannah dies, after a long languishment. ISth liuried; pall bearers Ifal.ij- 
jah Savage, Esq! Mr. W"' Pain, Mr. Boydal, :Nrr Franklin, ^Iv John Walley, 
and ]\Ir Henry Gibbs. Father puts his children into nionining. (Jave 
B[rother] Gerrish mourning. Put into the tomb. Brotlier Si.-wall [)rays at 
the house after the funeral. Gave us riuffs." 



XX INTRODUCTION. 

viii. Henry,5 b. 25 Oct., 1701. 
ix. Stephen,^ b. 18 Dec, 1704. 
X. Benjamin,^ b. 6 April, 1708. 
He died 17 Oct., 1725. 

9. Jane Sewall married, 24 Sept., 1677, Moses Gerrish, of Newbury, 

and had : — 

i. Joanna,6,b. 3 Oct., 1678. 
ii. *Jane. 

iii. Joseph,^ b. 20 March, 1682. 
iv. Sarah,6 b_ 25 Dec, 1683. 
V. Elizabeth,^ b. 27 Dec, 1685. 
vi. Mary,^b. 20 Sept., 1687. 
vii. John,5b. 2 April, 1695. 
*William.5 
* Moses.^ 
He died 4 Dec, 1694; she died 29 Jan., 1716-17. t 

10. Anne* Sewall married first, 10 Nov., 1678, William Longfellow, 

of Newbury, and had : — 

i. Williara,^ b. 25 Nov., 1679. 
ii. Stephen,^ b. 10 Jan., 1681 ; d. 
iii. Ann,5b. 3 Oct., 1683. 
iv. Stephen,^ b. 22 Sept., 1685. 
V. Elizabeth,^ b. 3 July, 1688. 
vi. Nathan,^ b. 5 Feb.,'l690. 
And two more died before July, 1692. See ^05^, p. 361. 
He died in Phips's expedition against Quebec, Oct., 1690. His 
widow married secondly, 11 May, 1692, Henry Short, of Newbury, as his 
second wife, and had : — 

vii. Jane.s b. 4 March, 1693. 
viii. Saniuel,5 b, jg Nov., 1694; d. 
ix. Mehitable," b. 12 Jan., 1696. 
X. Samuel,^ b. 22 Feb., 1699. 
xi. Hannali,^ b. 2 March, 1701; d. 
xii. Joseph,^ b. 8 April, 1702. 
She died 1706. 

11. Mkhitable* Sewall married "William Moody, of Newbury, 15 

Nov., 1684, and had: — 

i. Mary,^b. 30 May, 1685. 
ii. Dorothy.^ 

iii. Samuel> b. 21 March, 1689. 
iv. Mehitable,^ b. 15 Feb., 1691. 
He died 23 Feb., 1700 (Coffin seems to say so). 
She died 8 Aug., 1702. 

* These three, Jane, "William, and Moses, are added from Sewall's own 
note, poxt, p. 361. — Eds. 

f " 1716-17. January 29th. Aunt Gerrish dyed about one or two a clock 
in the afternoon. Went to Newbury to her interment, which was 31 instant. 

"S. S. jr." 



INTRODUCTION. XXI 

12. Dorothy* Sewall married first Ezekiel Northend, of Rowley, 10 
Sept., 1691, and had: — 

i. John,5b. 10 Oct., 1692. 
ii. Edna,5b. 10 Jan., 1694. 
iii. Ezekiel,^ b. 25 Jan., 1696. 
iv. Jane,^ b. 17 March, 1699. 
V. Dorothy ,« b. 20 March, 1701. 
vi. Hannah,^ b. 31 Jan., 1703. 
vii. Mehitable,^ b. 2 March, 1705. 
viii. Samuel,* b. 12 Jan., 1707. 
ix. Elizabeth,* b. 15 Dec, 1710. 
He died 23 Dec, 1732 ; his widow married secondly Moses Bradstreet, 
of Rowley. 

She died 17 June, 1752. 

We do not propose to trace the general history of the family 
farther. John, brother of our journalist, had numerous de- 
scendants in Maine, among whom were several very distin- 
guished bearers of the name. We may refer those interested 
to a valuable tabular pedigree in Drake's " History of Boston." 

Samuel's brother Stephen was father of Stephen, Jr., who, 
like his uncle, became Chief Justice of Massachusetts. A cousin 
of Stephen, Jr., was Jonathan Sewall, Attorney-General of 
Massachusetts ; a refugee, whose sons were Jonathan, Jr., Chief 
Justice of Canada, and Stephen, Solicitor-General of that prov- 
ince. 

We have thought it proper, secondly, to trace the family of 
Samuel's mother, and that of his wife ; i. e., the Dummers, and 
the Hulls with the Quincys. 

THE DUMMER FAMILY. 

Our first authority on this subject is the following paper, 
entered by Samuel Sewall, Jr., in his memorandum book, now 
in the possession of the Misses Ridgway, of Boston : — 

" The Genealogy of the Dumraers, Taken July, 17 12, from a copy taken 
by Mr. "Will" Dummer, son to Jeremy Dummer Esq., when in England, 
of one of his aunts at Rumsey. 

" Thomas Dummer our grandfather, that lyeth interred in Bishop 
Stoke church in Hampshire, had six sons : 

" John, who had three sons and four daughters ; Edmund and Thomas 
Dummer the younger, that now are in London, are grandsons to John. 

" Richard was the father of Jeremy Dummer, Esq., now living in New 
Eniiland. 



XXU INTEODUCTION. 

" Thomas, whose daughter Jane was grandmother to Samuel Storke : 
Jane, daughter to the same Thomas, was mother to Samuel Carter : this 
Thomas Dummer was my father, also. M. D. [ummer]. 

" Stephen Dummer : his eldest daughter was mother to Samuel Sewall, 
Esq., now living in New England. 

" My grandfather had also two "Williams, his sons, one of whom left 
one son which hath children living. M, D." 

It seems, then, that there were four brothers, of whom Stephen 
came herein 1638, with wife, Alice, and children : Jane, aged 10 ; 
Dorothy, aged 6 ; Richard, aged 4 ; and Thomas, aged 2. Here 
he had Mehitable, born Jan. 1, 1640, and returned to England 
in 1647, accompanied, probably, by all his family except Jane, 
who had married Henry Sewall, Jr. 

We presume that, of Stephen's children, Richard is the one 
called by the Judge " uncle Richard " (post, p. 300), and that 
there was another brother, "uncle Stephen " (i5.). Then there 
are " uncle Nathaniel," cousin Nathaniel Dummer, " aunt Al- 
ice," cousin Abigail, cousin John, cousin Stephen, cousin Sarah, 
all mentioned by Sewall in this connection ; and, on p. 294, we 
find mention of aunt Rider. Again (p. 293), Sewall speaks of 
aunt Fessenden, her son John, and daughters Mary, Elizabeth, 
and Jane ; cousin Jane Holt. On p. 295, he mentions aunt 
Hills and cousin Thomas Dummer, cousin Mary, cousin New- 
man, cousin Bear ; p. 298, cousin John Stork, or Stock, cousin 
Thomas Holt ; p. 302, cousin Richard Cornish, aunt Mehitable 
Holt. 

We cannot explain all these relationships, though cousin 
Storcke may have been only a distant cousin. 

Richard Dummer, grand-uncle to our journalist, came to New 
England, and his descendants are named quite often in these 
pages. He had sons Jeremiah,^ Richard,^ William,^ and Shubael,^ 
and daughter Hannah.^ Jeremiah''^ came to Boston, Avas an ap- 
prentice of John Hull, married, and had sons Jeremy ,3 agent for 
the Colony, William ,3 Lieutenant-Governor, Samuel,^ and Ann,^ 
wife of John Powell. 

Richard 2 Dummer, Jr., of Newbury, married Elizabeth Ap- 
pleton, and had sons John,^ Richard,'^ Nathaniel,^ and Shubael ; ^ 
daughters Hannah ^ and Elizabeth.^ His descendants continue 
the name. 

Rev. Shubael 2 Dummer was of York, was married, but prob- 
ably had no issue. 



INTRODUCTION. XXIU 

With this outline of the family it will be easy for the reader 
to trace any of the Dummers mentioned by Sewall. 

THE HULL AND QUINCY FAMILIES. 

As Sewall so often refers to his wife's relations as his own, 
some statement of these may be serviceable. 

Hannah (Sewall) Hull was the only child, arriving at adult 
age, of John Hull and Judith Quincy. 

Her father, John Hull, was the son of Robert Hull, by his 
first wife, widow Elizabeth Storer. 

John 2 Hull had an own brother, Edward ^ Hull, of Braintree 
(who had a son Edward,^ according to Savage), and a half 
brother, Richard Storer. 

Robert ^ Hull married secondly Judith , who had been 

first the wife of Edmund Quincy, and secondly of Moses Paine. 
Thus John Hull had a step-brother, Edmund Quincy, Jr., and 
a step-sister, Judith Quincy, whom he himself married. And a 
still more remote connection is to be found in the fact that this 
second wife of Robert Hull had been the second wife of Moses 
Paine, a widower with three children ; Moses, Jr., Stephen, and 
Elizabeth Paine. 

In the next generation, the own cousins to Mrs. Sewall were 
the children of Edmund Quincy, by his wife Joanna Hoar. 
These were : — 

Mary, m. Ephraim Savage. 
Daniel, m. Hannah Shepard. 
Joanna, m. David Hobart. 
Judith, m. Rev. John Keyner, Jr. 
Elizabeth, m. Rev. Daniel Gookin. 
Ruth, m. John Hunt. 
Experience, m. William Savil. 
And also Edmund Quincy's children by his second wife, Elizabeth 
Gookin, widow of John Eliot, Jr., viz. : — 

Edmund, 3d. m. Dorothy Flynt. 
Mary, who m. Rev, Daniel Baker. 

The following pages are evidence of the interest Avhich Sewall 
felt in all of these Quincys, who were, indeed, his wife's only near 
relatives. Later on, we shall see that Se wall's grandson married 
Elizabeth Quincy, grand-daughter of Edmund, 3d, and Dorothy 
(Flynt) Quincy. 



XXIV 



INTKODUCTION. 



TABLE I. 

Male lines of Sewalls, descended from Judge Samuel the Diarist, 

I — 22 Samuel, 



r— 13 Samuel. 

II 

Rebecca 



18 Henry. 



Dudley. Ann White. 



-15 Rev. 
Joseph. 

Elizabeth 
Walley. 



19 Samuel. 



f— Hull. 

II 
Abigail 
Sparhawk, 
d. s.p. 



— Samuel, 
d. s.p. 



— Hannah. 

^ II 
Edward 

Wolcott, 

left issue. 



Elizabeth 

QOINCY. 



-20 Samuel, 
CJ.of Mass. 



-23 Henry D. 



Mary C. Norton. 



28 Samuel. 



-29 Henry F. 
-30 John G. 
—31 Edmund Q. 
^--32 Walter D. 



—24 Edmund Q. (—33 Edmund Q. 



Caroline Ward. L_34 George W. 



—25 Charles C. 

II 

Amy Peters. 



35 Charles C. 



Abigail 
Devereux. 



'—21 Joseph. 



Mary 
Robie. 



-26 Thomas R. 



36 Joseph S. 



Elizabeth Q. Sewall. 

-27 Samuel E. 
Louisa M. Winslow. 



INTKODUCTION. 



XXV 



TABLE n. 
Showing the principal female lines of the descendants of Judge Samuel Sewall, Sr. 

I — i. Mart. 

Sir William Pepperrell. 



-14 Elizabeth. 



Grove Hirst. 



-ii. Elizabeth. 

II -> 
Rev. Charles Chauncy. 

-iii. Hannah. 

Nathaniel Balston. 



— iv. Jane. 

Eev. Addington 
Davenport. 



—15 Joseph Sewall. 19 Samuel Sewall.- 



-16 Mart. 

Samdel Gerrish. 

No issue. 



—17 Judith. 



William Cooper. 



-William Cooper. 



Catuarise Wendall. 



—Rev. Samuel Cooper. 



Judith Bulfinch. 



^Judith Cooper. 
John Sever. 



r-ELIZABETH. 

Samuel Salisbubt. 

—Hannah. 

James Hill. 

— DOROTHT. 

Joseph Mat 

^Katherine. 

II 
Henrt Gallisok. 

—Samuel. 
—Richard W. 
—John. 

L-Judith. 

II 
Park. 

r-JuDITH. 

II -> 

Gabriel Johonjjot. 

—Abigail. 

Joseph Hixon. 



XXVI INTRODUCTION. 



THE DESCENDANTS OF JUDGE SAMUEL SEWALL. 

"We will now return to the regular course of the genealogy, and trace 
the issue of the five children of Judge Sewall who left descendants. 
These were : — 

No. 13. Samuel.* 

14. Elizabeth.6 

15. Joseph.^ 

16. Mary .5 

17. Judith.6 

13. Samuel* Sewall, Jr., lived at Brookline, and does not seem to 
fill a very large space in the history of the time. He married 
Rebecca Dudley, daughter of Gov. Joseph Dudley.* Their chil- 
dren were : — 



* Samuel Sewall, Jr., Family Record as entered in various parts of his 
book : — 

" Roxbury Sept. 16, 1702. Sept. 15 was celebrated my marriage with Mrs 
Rebeckah Dudley. Was married by Mr Walter. Present, The Gov^ and 
Lady, with Mr. Dudley and Brothers and sisters, My Father and Mother, 
sister Hannah and Bro. Joseph and sister Mary, also Mr Willard and Lady, 
Mr White, INIr Lynde and Lady. About 7 of the Clock. 

"July 19, 1703. Roxbury. My wife brought forth a son 10 minutes be- 
fore six in the afternoon. A very hot day and a tedious painfull time. The 
25th instant he was baptized per Mr Walter. Was named Hull for my 
grandfather Hull's sake, to bear up his name, that it might not be forgotten. 
I pray God he may live and doe worthily in his generation, and that he 
may credit the name which he bears : that he and [his] father may follow 
their ancestors steps as they followed Christ. Entered his name in the Town 
records of Roxbury. 

" Hull Sewall, the son of Samuel and Rebecca Sewall died Dec. 11, 1703 
of convulsion fits. The first two was ten dales distance each. ISTov. 20th. 
one fitt, 21st another, 22nd another. All three in the morning about day, 
and three more the Sabbath after; two about day and one at noon. Thanks- 
giving December 9th, 1703, had a fit at ten a clock at night, and so con- 
tinued till Satterday following at about six and seven a clock at night, and 
then died, after great pain and sore strugling in his fitts, with great skreak- 
ing. So that he finished a short and painfull life before he was five months 
old. He had some an hour's distance, some less, some quarter an hour; and 
the last very sore and painfull. 

" Was buried at Boston in Grandfather Hull's tomb. His bearers were 
Mr. Nath. Oliver, junr., and Mr David Stoddard, the son of Mr. Symion 
Stoddard; a pretty large company attended him to his long whome. . . . 
Was buried December 15th, 1703. 

" Came to live at my house December 17th, 1703, on a Friday. 

"Tuesday, November 18, 1707. About 5 in the morning my wife was 



INTRODUCTION. XXVU 

i. Hull,« b. 19 July, 1703; d. 11 Dec, 1703. 
ii. Rebecca,^ b. 30 Dec, 1704; d. 3 Aug., 1710, 
iii. Samuel,« b. 18 Nov., 1707; d. 18 Dec, 1708. 
iv. Hannah,« b. 25 Oct., 1709 ; d. 21 Oct., 1719. 

brought to bed of a lusty son. Mr Walter baptized him Samuel on the 23d. 
instant. . . . 

" Daughter Rebecca was born Satterday, Dec. 30, 1704, about three quar- 
ters after seven in the morning. Was baptized by ISIr Walter Dec. 31, 1704, 
on the day following. 

" December 18, 1708. A little before 9 in morning, my son Samuel dyed 
of a fever. Was interred Wednesday, 22d. instant, in my grandfather Hull's 
tomb, being carried from my father's house by Mr. Joshua Chickly and Mr 
Timothy Ruggles. Gave them black scarves and gloves. Gave Mr. Walter, 
Doctor Noyes and Mrs Baily scarves. Gave 22 pairs of Welsh leather gloves 
to watchers and people of the house. My wife and I went into mourning. 

" Tuesday night about 7 or 8 a clock, October 25, 1709, my wife brought 
me a daughter. The Sabbath following, Mr Walter baptized it Hannah, for 
mother Sewall's sake. 

" An Account of my daughter Rebekah's death. 

" Aug. 2, 1710. In the afternoon she was taken ill at the Govt? Sent 
for Doctor Xoyes and Mrs Baily; so continued ill; in the morning after, her 
mother and myself were sent for: gott there about 6 of the clock. Doctor 
Noyes and Mrs Baily applying those things which they thought most proper. 
My daughter Rebeckah dyed Aug. 3, 1710, ten minutes before nine in the 
morning; being lamented by all that knew her. Friday, Aug. 4, she was 
carried from the Govr! house pr Dan' Allen, Sam' Wainwright, Thomas 
Berry, Increase Walker to the Gov^ tomb, where she was interred. Gave 
them white scarves and gloves. Gave Mr. Walter a scarf and gloves; also 
Mrs Bayly scarf and gloves. My wife and I went into deep mourning. 
Gave gloves to several relations, Govr? sei^vants and mine. Gave Mr 
Tompson a pair ; he made 2 coppies of verses on her. Gave Doctor Xoyes 
a scarf. She lived 5 years, 7 months and 4 days. 

"July 20. 1711. Friday, a quarter of an hour after one of the clock in 
the morning, my wife was brought to bed of a daughter. Sabbath follow- 
ing Mr. Walter liaptized it ^lary for sister Mary Gerrish's sake. 

" August 24, 1712. Sabbath day morning, about one or two, dyed my 
daughter ]Mary, after a long continued flux, and afterwards a fevour with it. 
Interred in my grandfather Hull's tomb; ^Monday evening, August 25th. 
Bparers, William Cooper and Col. John Appleton's second son. Gave nurse 
Davis, Doctor Whear, Galusha, 3s each to buy them gloves. Gave at Govr». 
maid ^lary, Betty Bril, two and sixpence each; gave Sarah Davis and Beck, 
Sarah Cummiiigs and Kitty llill, two and sixpence each. Coffin, 10 plates 
and making. 

" .lanuary 22 1714-15 went to Boston, intending to live at my father's 
untill I could find better treatment in my own. Lived at Boston till ^larcl 
3, 1717-18, at wliich time I returned home. 

" 1717, July 22, my wife came to see me at my father's and confesscth 



XXVm INTRODUCTION. 

V. Mary,® b. 20 July, 1711 ; d. 24 Aug., 1712. 
18. vi. Henry ,« b. 8 March, 1719-20. 

vii. John,« b. 9 April, 1723; d. 19 Aug., 1724. 

her faults, with tears, with promises of amendment. The Lord instruct me 
in my duty and give me a heart to perform it. 

" 1717-18 March 3 Returned to live at Brooklin. The Lord give me a 
heart and ability to doe my duty to my wife, and make us mutual blessings 
each to other. ' ' 

1719. October 21st, his daughter Hannah died. There is a copy of a 
letter to his father about it, which we do not transcribe. She had been sick 
with a cold and fever for some ten days. Funeral at Boston, October 24th; 
buried in Hull's tomb. She was the only child at that time. 

" [1719-20.] March 8th. My wife brought me a lusty boy betwixt six 
and seven at night, she being very weak and ill the most of the time. Did 
not carry him forth to be baptized till the 20th instant, by reason his mother 
was so very ill and weak. Mr Allen baptized him Henry for my grandfather 
Sewall's sake. My wife was desirous of having it named Dudley, but her 
relations were very averse to it. Madam Dudley, March 19th, told me at 
Roxbui-y, that there were two sons and they were young enough to have a 
great many children; the Gov":'.' father had children when he was old. I told 
her I had no design to gett any thing by it, for I had names of my own rela- 
tions enough to name it, and I would not do any thing to trouble them. 
Brother Col. W™ Dudley sent a letter to my wife which disturbed her very 
much, and made her so ill that she could not rest for 3 nights." 

" April 9th, 1723, my wife brought me a son about 2 houres before day. 
14th, the Rev? Mr James Allen of Brooklin baptized him John; his name 
being for my grandfather Hull. 

" 1724 August IStli. Mrs Ruggles sends her daughter to acquaint us, that 
our son John had a flux and vomited. As we went to Boston, we called to 
see him, he being considerable ill. As we goe by Dr Tompson's we asked 
for him and he was not at home. Call as we came back and take the Dr. 
with us. The Dr. did not perceive any danger, but we thought he was 
better, and so left him and went home. 

"August 19th, being a very stormy, rainy morning, it having rained 
abundance in the night and continuing stormy with a great deal of rain, 
JMrs. Ruggles' son came to acquaint us, early in the morning, that the child 
had been very bad all night. Matthew carried my wife forthwith in the 
calash, and by the time she could gett into the house he fetched his last 
breath and died. Mrs. Woods laid him out, who watched with him the 
night before. 20th, Mr. Craft and Matthew put him in his coffin, and in the 
evening Matthew carried it in my calash to Boston. 

"August 21st, went with wife and Henry to the funeral. Four young 
gentlemen carried him to the tomb with napkins, viz Mr Addington Daven- 
port, jun": Mr. Ebenezer Pemberton, Mr Edmund Quincey, and Mr Samuel 
Mather, son of Dr. C. Mather. Gave them rings and gloves. Gave Mrs. 
Allen, Mrs. Rugles son and daughter, and Matthew, a pair of gloves. A 
large funeral for a child. Put his coffin upon my sister Hannah's in grand- 



INTRODUCTION. XXIX 

He died 27 Feb., 1750-51, of numb palsy; his widow d. 14 April, 
1761. As his branch expired so soon in the male line, we will finish 
that portion at once. 

18. Henry « Sewall, of Brookline, H. C. 1738, married 18 Aug., 1743, 
Ann White, and had : — 

i. Hull,^ b. 9 April, 1744; H. C. 1761, m. 20 March, 
1766, Abigail Sparhawk, and d. s.p. 27 Nov., 1767. 
His widow m. Palsgrave Wellington, 
ii. Samuel,'^ b. 31 Dec, 1745; H. C. 1761, lawyer in 
Boston, a loyalist ; went to England and d. unm., 
6 May, 1811. 
iii. Rebecca,'' b. 19 Oct., 1747; d. 29 Nov., 1747. 
iv. Henry,' b. 19 Jan., 1749; d. 17 Oct., 1772, unm. 
V. Hannah,"' b. 2 Sept., 1751 ; m. Edward K. Wolcott. 
Henry Sewall died 29 May, 1771 ; his wife d. 5 Jan., 1755, in her 
3 2d year. 

Hannah "^ Sewall (daughter of Henry) married Edward Kitchin Wol- 
cott, and had : — 

Samuel,* ; died unmarried. 

Hannah,« m. | ^ ^^^^^^^ 

Ann,8 b. 4 Sept., 1778. 

Daughter,* m. Barber, and had no children. 
Rebecca,* m. Adams, and had a son and a 

daughter. 
Mrs. Wolcott's obituary is in Boston Advertiser, 27 Aug., 1832. 

Ann * Wolcott, above named, married Philip Reynolds Ridgway, 6 
Dec, 1801, and had: — 

Philip R.,9 b. 26 Aug., 1802 ; d. 10 Nov.. 1803. 
Samuel S.,« b. 29 Oct., 1803 ; d. 8 Mav, 1871. 
Philip R.,» b. 29 Nov., 1804; d. 4 Dec., 1831. 
Edward W.,^ b. 15 Sept., 1805; d. 24 Sept., 1805. 
John W.,9 b. 17 Feb., 1807 ; d. 24 Sept., 18G4. 
Ann S.,^ b. 14 Feb., 1808; m. Dr. Daniel Gilbert. 
Henry W.,^ b. 20 April, 1809 ; d. 16 April, 1859. 
Edward W.,« b. 6 Julv, 1810. 
Sarah,^ b. 24 Aug., 1814; d. 25 Sept., 1814. 
Sarah A.,^ b. 10 Jan., 1816; d. 19 Feb., 1817. 
Joseph C.,^ b. 8 Nov., 1816; d. 22 March, 1819. 
Anthony B.,» b. 9 March, 1819 ; d. 19 Oct., 18G6. 

father Hull's tomb, whose name he bore. I asked brother Cooper to goe to 
prayer after the fmieral. Son John had severall convulsive litt.s, and, as I 
am informed, died in one. 

" Monday, July 10th, 1727. Moved with my family to Hoston. Hired a 
house in Deacon Williams's Court, next house to Deacon ^^'illiallls. X. Gates 
and X. Gleason bringing my household stuif." — Eos. 



XXX INTRODUCTION. 



SEWALL LINE RESUMED. 

15. Rev. Joseph^ Sewall, H. C. 1707, was minister at the Old South 
Church, Boston. He married 29 Oct., 1713, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Hon. John Walley,* and had : — 

19. Samuel,*^ b. 2 May, 1715. 

Joseph,^ b. 13 July, 1719; d. 18 Aug., 1719. 
He died 27 June, 1769 ; his wife died 27 Oct., 1756. 

19. Samuel^ Sewall, of Boston, H. C. 1733, was a merchant. He 

married 18 May, 1749, Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Quincy, 
and had : — 

i. Elizabeth,'^ b. 12 March, 1750; m. Samuel Salisbury. 

See later, 
ii. Hannah,'' b. 15 March, 1753; m. James Hill. See 

later, 
iii. Sarah'', b. 14 Jan., 1756; d. unm., 14 Sept., 1780. 

20. iv. Samuel,' b. II Dec, 1757. 

V. Dorothy,'' b. 23 Dec, 1758; m. Joseph May. See 

later, 
vi. Katlierine,'' b. 5 June, 1760; m. Henry Gallison, and 
had Jolm,8 b. 24 Oct., 1788 ; d. 24 Dec, 1820. 

21. vii. Joseph,'' b. 9 jNIarch, 1762. 

He died 19 Jan., 1771 ; his wife died 15 Feb., 1770. 

20. Samuel '' Seayali , of Marblehead, H. C. 1776, Judge of Supreme 

Court, 1800 ; Chief Justice, 1814; m., 8 Dec, 1781, Abigail Dev- 
ereux, and had : — 

22. i. Samuel,* b. 1 June, 1785. 

23. ii. Henry Devereux,« b. 21 Aug., 1786. 

iii. Joseph II., b. 5 Oct., 1788; d. 17 Feb. 1795. 
iv. Lydia Maria,* b. 14 April, 1791 ; m. Samuel Greele. 
V. Anne Henchman,* b. 18 March, 1793; d. 6 Feb., 

1848. 
vi. Joseph Henchman,* b. 6 Feb., 1795 ; d. unm., 26 Sept., 

1813. 

24. vii. Edmund Quincy,* b. 1 Oct., 1796. 

viii. Elizabeth Quincy,* b. 10 June, 1798 ; m. Thomas R. 
Sewall. 

* Extracts from Diary of Samuel Sewall, Jr. : — 

"Thursday, 29th of October, 1713, was celebrated the marriage betwixt 
Mr. Joseph Sewall and ^Irs Elizabeth Walley, daughter to Judge Waliey, 
esqre, deceased. Gave my wife and daughter Hannah with myself, gloves.- 
Mr. Peraberton married them. 

" May 2, 1715. Sister Sewall at 3 in the morning was brought to bed of 
a stately son. 8'.'' inst. brother baptized him Samuel. 

'* 1719, July loth, sister brought to bed of a son, called him Joseph. 

" August 19th. My wife and I went to the burial of my brother Sewall'a 
son, Joseph. Dyed 18th instant in the morning." — Eds. 



INTRODUCTION. XXXI 

25. ix. Charles Chauncy,^ b. 10 May, 1802. 
He died 8 June, 1814; his widow died 22 Feb., 1847. 

21. Joseph'^ Sewall, of Boston, was State Treasurer from 1827 to 

1832. He married Mary, daughter of Thomas and Mary Robie, 
21 Sept., 1788, and had: — 

i. Mary,8 b. 1 July, 1789 ; d. unm., 21 April, 1816. 
ii. Elizabeth, b. 9 April, 1791 ; d. Sept., 1791. 

26. iii. Thomas Robie,« b. 29 July, 1792. 

iv. Joseph, b. 7 July, 1794; d. 2 Sept., 1797. 
V. Elizabeth Q., b. June, 1796; d. Feb., 1797. 
vi. Joseph, b. 24 Dec, 1797 ; d. 20 Sept., 1800. 

27. vii. Samuel Edmund,^ b. 9 Nov., 1799. 

viii. Edward Bradstreet,^ b. 24 Sept., 1801 ; d. unm., 12 

Sept., 1827. 
ix. Martha Higginson, b. 11 Dec, 1803 ; d. unm., 12 Dec, 

1832. 
X. Elizabeth Salisbury, b. 20 Dec 1804 ; d. unm., 2 Sept., 

1827. 
xi. Frances R., b. 17 Nov., 1807; d. 30 June, 1830. 
He died 5 May, 1850 ; his wife d. 23 July, 1834, aged 70. 

22. Rev, Samuel ^ Sewall, of Burlington, Mass., married, 1 Jan., 1818, 

Martha, daughter of Rev. John Marrett, and had : — 

28. i. Samuel,^ b. 29 Nov., 1819. 

ii. Martha M.,^ b. 31 Oct., 1823 ; m., 26 Nov., 1861, 

Luther P. Martin, 
iii. Abigail D.,^ b. 7 Sept., 1830. 
He died 18 Feb., 1868. 

23. Henry Devereux* Sewall, of Watertown, N. Y., married Mary 

C, Norton, 22 Jan., 1816, and had: — 

29. i. Henry F.,« b. 31 Oct., 1816. 

ii. Frederick N.,« b. 24 Sept., 1818; d. 8 Nov., 1819. 
iii. Mary,^ b. 15 July, 1820; m. Charles Goodale. 

30. iv. John G.,» b. 2 Nov., 1822. 

V. Ann Elizabeth,^ b. 4 Aug., ] 824 ; m. Talcott H. Camp. 

31. vi. Edmund Q.,» b. 1 July, 1826. 

vii. Grace,9 b. 4 Oct., 1828; d. 6 Jan., 1837. 
viii. Frank D.,» b. 25 Feb., 1833 ; d. 15 Nov., 1852. 

32. ix. Walter D.,« b. 28 Aug., 1837. 
He died 8 June, 1846; his wife d. 30 Dec, 1840. 

24. Rev. Edmuxd Quixcy ^ Sewall, of Barnstable, Mass., Amherst, 

N. II., and Scituate, Mass., married, 23 Aug., 1820, Caroline 
Ward, and had : — 

i. Ellen Devereux,^ b. 10 March, 1822; m. Rev. Joseph 
Osgood.* 

* Married 20 May, 1844. Children: Caroline W. 0.sgood,i^ Elizabeth, i» 
Joseph O.,io Edmund Q., 10 Qeorgc,^'^ Ellen D.,io :\Iary F..iMVilll;im S..!!) 
Frances P., i° and Louisa L.^'^ Of these Joseph O. 0.-<good is nuuried and 
has issue. — Eds. 



XXXll * INTRODTJCTION. 

33. ii. Edmund Quincy," b. 29 Feb., 1828. 
84. iii. George Ward,» b. 7 Feb., 1834. 
He died 15 Sept., 1866 ; his widow died 8 Dec, 1867. 

25. Rev. Charles Chaunct* Sewall, of Danvers and Medfield, 

married Amy, daughter of William Peters, Esq., in Medfield, 
1 Oct., 1823. Mrs. Sewall died in Medfield, 15 Aug., 1872. 
Their children were : — 

i. Mary Abigail,^ b. 4 Oct., 1825 ; d. 4 Oct., 1829. 
ii. Elisabeth Salisbury,^ b. 10 Aug., 1827. 
iii. Mary Abigail,^ b. 4 Oct., 1829. 
iv. Rebecca Phillips,^ b. 29 Feb., 1831 ; d. 20 May, 1855. 

35. V. Charles Chauncy,^ b. 24 May, 1834; m. Mary Fair- 

banks,« in Medfield, 25 Nov., 1859. 
vi. Ellen Frances,^ b. 28 May, 1836; d. 19 Jan., 1858. 
vii. William Peters,^ b. 6 Oct., 1839; d. 17 Nov., 1860. 
viii. Edwai-d Upham,» b. 3 March, 1843. 
ix. Alice Orne,« b. 29 March, 1847. 
X. Henry Devereux,^ b. 3 July, 1850. 

26. Thomas Robie* Sewall, of Boston, broker, married, Feb., 1825, 

his cousin Elizabeth Quincy ® Sewall, and had : — 

36. i. Joseph S.,^ b. 26 May, 1827. 
ii. Mary R.,« b. 14 March, 1829. 

iii. Edward B.,^ b. 26 Dec, 1830; d. 18 Jan., 1837. 
iv. Francis E.,^ b. 21 Feb., 1834; d. 20 April, 1857. 
He died 30 Sept., 1864; his wife died 19 June, 1848. 

27. Samuel Edmund ® Sewall, of Boston, lawyer, married, 8 June, 

1836, Louisa M., daughter of Nathan Winslow, and had: — 
i. Lucy E.,** b. 26 April, 1837. 

ii. Louisa W.,^ b. 3 June, 1846 ; m. Edward C. Cabot, 
and has issue. 
His wife dying 4 Nov., 1850, he married secondly Harriet, daughter of 
Nathan Winslow, 18 June, 1857, by whom he has no children. 

28. Samuel^ Sewall, of Burlington, Mass., married, 21 March, 1844, 

Elizabeth Brown, and had: — 

i. Samuel B.,^** b. 17 Aug., 1846, who m. Louisa E. Far- 
rington, and has : — 

Nellie L.." b. 8 April, 1873. 
Samuel F.," b. 6 Feb., 1875. 
John M.,11 b. 2 Sept., 1877. 
ii. Martha E.,^° b. 18 May, 1858. 

29. Henry Foster^ Sewall, of New York, married, 20 Sept., 1843, 

Sarah Allyne Rich, and had : — 

i. Mary N.,i« b. 21 July, 1844; d. 17 Sept., 1845. 
ii. Henry D.,^^ b. 24 July, 1846. 
iii. Charles J.,^» b. 9 Aug., 1849. 
iv. Samuel,^*' b. 25 Jan., 1853; d. 31 Jan., 1854. 
V. Dora M.,i° b. 13 Jan., 1855. 



INTEODUCTION. XXXlll 

30. John Gallison ' Sewall, of New Tork, married Joanna White 

Gannett, 23 June, 1853 (who died 18 Jan., 1874) and had: — 
i. FranV b. 14 April, 1854; d. 14 April, 1854. 
ii. William G.," b. 22 Jan., 1856. 
iii. John,i° b. 17 Jan., 1858; d. 20 Jan., 1861. 
iv. Katherine,^° b. 31 Aug., 1863. 

31. Edmund Quincy® Sewall, of Watertown, N. Y., married Kate 

Cynthia Smith, 28 June, 1866, and had: — 
i. Grace F..i° b. 16 June, 1867. 
ii. Katherine E. N.," b. 24 Aug., 1870. 
iii. Josephine D.,^" b. 14 Oct., 1875. 

32. Walter Devereux® Sewall, of Watertown, N. Y., married 

Ellen Carina Houghton, 6 May, 1875, and has no children. 

33. Edmund Q.^ Sewall, of St. Paul, Minn., married Louisa K. Lov- 

ett, 27 Nov., 1852, and had: — 

i. Theodore L.,io b. 20 Sept., 1853. 
ii. P:dmund D.,^" b. 12 April, 1855. 
iii. Caroline W.," b. 28 Nov., 1860. 
iv. Samuel L.,^° b. 27 June, 1862. 
V. Frederick F.,i'» b. 7 Jan., 1867. 
vi. George Q.," b. 27 April, 1868; d. 18 Dec, 1869. 
vii. Louise L.," b. 16 Oct., 1871. 

34. George W.^ Sewall, of married Mary F. Cottingham, 

17 Jan., 1872, and had: — 

i. George C.,^'* b. 1 July, 1873; d. 26 Sept., 1873. 
ii. Alfred C," b. 16 Jan., 1875. 
Mr. Sewall is at present attached to the U. S. Survey. 

35. Charles Chaunct Sewall, Jr.,® of Medfield, married Mary Fair- 

banks, 25 Nov., 1859, and had: — 

i. Frank.i° b. 10 June. 1862. 
ii. Lily,i° b. 24 Oct., 1863 ; d. 7 Nov., 1863. 
iii. Am'y P.,i° b. 20 Aug., 1865. 
iv. Maryji^b. 31 Jan., 1868. 

36. Joseph Sewall® Sewall, married, 20 Dec, 1860, Mary-Vashon, 

daughter of Elizur Wright, of ^ledford, and had : — 

i. Hannah !{.}'> b. 22 Oct., 1861. 

ii. Susan W.,10 b. 4 Nov., 1862. 
iii. Elizabeth Q.,^" b. 5 July, 1865. 
iv. Mary F.," b. 20 Feb., 1867. 

V. Margaret L.,^° b. 5 June, 1868. 



XXXIV INTRODUCTION. 



Descendants in the female lines from Rev. Joseph Sewall. 

Hannah' Sewall (daughter of Samuel^ No. 19) married James Hill, 
and had : — 

James, b. 1 March, 1772. 
Samuel S., b. 13 Feb., 1774; d. 25 Dec, 1775. 
Margaret F., b. 12 Aug., 1775 ; d. 28 Feb., 1833. 
Joseph S., b. 2 March, 1777; d. 8 Aug., 1788. 
Sewall, b. 20 March, 1779 ; d. 26 Aug., 1833. 
Samuel, b. 8 Dec, 1780. 
Joseph, b. 1 Jan., 1783 ; d. 19 Feb., 1809. 
Richard S., b. 15 Sept., 1785. 
William R., b. 9 Nov., 1787 ; d. 19 Oct., 1788. 
William R., b. 20 Sept., 1790 ; d. 8 Oct., 1792. 
He died 19 June, 1824; his widow d. 24 July, 1827. 



SALISBURY DESCENDANTS. 

Elizabeth' Sewall (daughter of Samuel,® No. 19) married Samuel 
Salisbury, of Boston, 29 Sept., 1768, and had: — 

i. Samuel,* b. 13 Aug., 1769; m. 1st, Elizabeth Green 
May, 1802, and had: — 

Samuel,^ b. 5 March, 1803 ; m. INIaria Morgan. 
He m. 2d, Nancy Gardner, 18 July, 1806, and had 
seven children ; viz., — 

Elizabeth S.,^ b. 5 July, 1807; m. Nathaniel 

Chauncy. 
Ann G.» 

Sarah,^ m. Elbridge G. Austin. 
Stephen,^ b. 12 Sept., 1812; m. Elizabeth P. 

Clark. 
Francis G.,^ d. young. 
Rebecca.^ 
Daniel W.^ 
ii. Martha,* b. 14 March, 1771 ; m., Aug., 1794, Stephen 
Pligginson, and had : — 

Elizabeth S,^ m. Rev. Reuel Keith. 
Martha S,^ m. Rev. I. Nichols. 
ill. Elizabeth,* b. 15 Aug., 1772; m. John Leverett, and 
had issue, seven children. See Leverett Memorial, 
p. 156. 
iv. Rebecca Waldo,* b. 15 Aug., 1776; m., 30 Sept., 
1805, Jonathan Phillips, of Boston, and d. 13 
March, 1828. Their only surviving child was Wil- 
liam^ Phillips, b. 11 Jan., 1819, who died 8 April, 
1873, leaving a vast property to a distant cousin, the 
heir male of the name. 
V. Stephen,* b. 27 Feb., 1778; d. 16 Dec, 1786. 
vi. Joseph Sewall,* b. 1 Nov., 1779; d. 9 Dec, 1779. 



INTEODUCTION. XXXV 

vii. Josiah,8 b. 15 Feb., 1781 ; H. C. 1798, m. Abigail, 
daughter of Judge Samuel Breese, and had : — 
Elizabeth M.,^ b. 30 Nov., 1812, m. Theodore D. 

Woolsey, of Yale College. 
Edmund E.,^ b. 6 April, 1814; m. 1st, his cousin 
Abigail S. Phillips, 27 April, 1836; 2d, Eve- 
lyn McCurdy, 23 Nov., 1871. 
▼iii. Sarah,^ b. 19 Nov., 1782 ; m. John Tappan, of Boston, 
and had : — 

John G.,8 b. Feb., 1808 ; m. Eliza L. Trask. 
Samuel S.,^ b. 2 Sept., 1809 ; m. Eveline Stearns. 
Sarah S.,® b. 1 March, 1811 ; m. Thomas Denny. 
Rebecca W.,« b. 5 Nov., 1812; m. Henry E. 

Davies. 
Lewis W.,9 b. 3 Aug., 1814; m. Mary C. Swift. 
Mary S.,^b. 3 April, 1816; m. James W. Kimball. 
Francis W.,^ b. 29 Dec, 1817 ; m. Laura B. De 

Peyster. 
Elizabeth S.,» b. 28 May. 1819. 
Lucy P.,3 b. 8 April, 1821 ; d. 13 Aug., 1839. 
Henry E.,« b. July, 1823; d. 1823. 
Henry M.,» b. July, 1825 ; d. 1825. 
Josiah S.,« b. 20 Jan., 1836; m. Helen De Pey- 
ster. 
ix. Abby,^ b. 14 May, 1785 ; m. Aaron P. Cleaveland, of 
Boston, and had : — 

Stephen H.,^ b. 23 March, 1811 ; m. Rebecca B. 

Vose. 
Rebecca S.,' b. 17 Feb., 1814; m. Edward 
McLellan. 
X. Mary,® b. 18 May, 1787 ; m. Edward Phillips (brother 
of her sister's husband) and left only one child, 
Abigail S.,^ b. 3 Nov., 1814, who m. her cousin 
Edward E. Salisbury. 

Dorothy'^ Sewall (daughter of Samuel,^ No. 19) married, 28 Dec, 
1784, Joseph May, of Boston, and had: — 

i. Charles,® b. 2 Nov., 1785; d. 16 April, 1786. 
ii, Catherine,® b. 30 Dec, 1786; m., 10 April, 1808, 
Charles W.^ Windship, and had Charles M., b. 23 
March, 1809. 
iii. Charles,® b. 19 March, 1788; m., 1845, Caroline M. 

Gove ; d. 21 March, 1856. 
iv. Louisa,® b. 11 Sept., 1789 ; m. Samuel Greele, 19 Oct., 
1823, and had: — 

Samuel S.,« b. 11 Oct., 1824. 
Louisa M.,« b. 1 Jan., 1827. 
v. Eliza S.,® b. 23 Dec, 1790; d. 21 Oct., 1791. 
vi. Louisa.® b. 31 Dec, 1792; d. 14 Nov., 1828. 
vii. Samuel J.,® b. 10 Aug., 1794; d. 28 Dec, 1795. 
viii. Edward,® b. 26 Aug., 1795 ; d. 29 April, 1802. 
ix. Samuel J.,® b. 25 Oct., 1796; d. 17 Sept., 1797. 



XXXVl INTRODUCTION. 

X. Samuel J.,^ b. 12 Sept., 1797. 

xi. Elizabeth S.,* b. 5 Dec, 1798; m. Hamilton WilliS; 
and had : — 

Hamilton,^ b. 10 Aug., 1818; m. Louisa M., 
daughter of C, W. Windship by a second 
wife. 
Elizabeth S.^ 
xii. Abigail,^ b. 8 Oct., 1800 ; m. A. Bronson Alcott, and 
had : — 
Anna B.^ 
Louisa M.^ 
Elizabeth P.* 
Abby M.9 
He died 27 Feb., 1841 ; his wife died 31 Oct., 1825. 



Samuel J.^ May, of Boston, married, 1 June, 1825, Lucretia F. Coffin, 
and had : — 

Joseph,* b. 27 June, 1827; d. 12 Dec, 1828. 
John E.,9 b. 7 Oct., 1829. 
Charlotte C.,« b. 24 April, 1833. 
Joseph,* b. 21 Jan., 1836. 
George E.,» b. 25 Sept., 1844. 



We will now return to the issue of the daughters of Judge 
Sewall who married. 

HIRST LINE. 

14. Elizabeth ^ Sewall (daughter of Judge Samuel) married, 17 Oct., 
1700, Grove Hirst, of Boston,* and had: — 

* Extracts from notes of Samuel Sewall, Jr. : — 

"October 17, 1700 Mr Grove Hirst was married to Mrs Elizabeth Se- 
wall by Mr Cotton Mather. 

" November 28, 1702 sister Hirst brought to bed at Salem dead born. 
" Jan'y 31, 1703-4 Mary Hirst born. 
"June 22, 1727 Hannah Hirst married to Mr N. Balston. 
" May 9, 1728 Mr C. Chauncy married to Mrs. Eliz. Hirst. 
"Thursday April 9th, 1713, went to Boston to the burial of brother 
Hirst's son William, about 9 months old. Sent my wife and I gloves. Dyed 
the 6th instant, about 10 at night. 

" August 5th 1714. My sister Hirst was brought to bed of a son ; named 
it William for its father Hirst's sake. 

" 13th ]\Iarch 1714-15. Brother Hirst's son William (the second son of 
that name) dyed about eight at night, being 7 months old. Buried the 



INTRODUCTION". XXXVll 

i. Still-born, 28 Nov., 1708. 

ii. Mary, b. 31 Jan., 1703-4; m. Sir Wm. Pepperrell. 
iii. Samuel, b. 23 Oct., 1705. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. 20 Oct., 1706 ; m. Rev. Charles Chauncy. 
V. Hannah, b. 4 May, 1708; m. Nathaniel Balston. 
vi. Jane, b. 4 Sept., 1709 ; m. Addington Davenport, Jr. 
vii. William, b. 9 July, 1712; d. 6 April, 1713. 
viii. William, b. 5 Aug., 1714; d. 13 March, 1714-15. 
He died 28 Oct., 1717; his wife died 11 July, 1716. 
The only son, Samuel, died suddenly, 14 Jan., 1726-27. See Prince s 
sermon. 

Jan. 18, 1730 (Suff. Deeds, lib. 45, f. 79), there was a division of the 
Hull propert}^ among the Sewall heirs. It was then noted that the only 
issue of Elizabeth Hirst were her four daughters ; viz. : Mary, wife of 
William Pepperrell ; Elizabeth, wife of Rev. Charles Chauncy ; Hannah, 
wife of Nathaniel Balston ; and Jane, wife of Addington Davenport. 

Of their descendants we will speak briefly. 

I. William Pepperrell was the famous baronet, who left an only daugn- 
ter, Elizabeth, wife of Nathaniel Sparhawk. For a record of nu- 
merous descendants, see Usher Parsons's Life of Pepperrell. 
II. Rev. Charles Chauncy, D. D., minister of the first church in Boston, 
had three wives. The first wife was Elizabeth Hirst, by whom 
he had one son, Charles, and two daughters, one of whom, Eliza- 
beth, married Benjamin Greenleaf, and had issue. For a full 
record of the descendants, see the Chauncy Memorials ; the list 
comprises many well-known names; among them. Gen. Fitz-John 
Porter. 

IGth inst. in grandfather Hull's tomb. Gave my wife and I gloves. My 
wife not come to the funeral. 

"July 11, 1716. Last night at 12 a clock, dyes my dear sister Hirst, 
after a long sickness and languishment. 13th inst. interred in grandfather's 
tomb ; being in her 35th year. 

" 1717, October 2S. between 3 and 4 in the morning dies my dear 
brother, Grove Hirst, esq": being taken of a violent fevour just after my 
mother's death. 

"February 21st, 1722-23. At night betwixt 7 and 8, was married 
per Father Sewall, couz. Mary Hirst to Capt. W™ Pepperrell of Kittery. 
lj[rothers] Sewall and Cooper prayed, one before and the otlier after the 
wedding. Wife and I present, with little Henry. Gave us gloves. 

"January 11th, 1726-7, Samuel Hirst dies, suddenly on the Long Wharff. 
See News Letter, Weekly News Letter, No 3; See sermons printed. 18th, 
buried in grandfather Hull's tomb; pall bearers, Balston, Welstt^od, Fellow; 
Mr Chauncy, minister, Mr Andrew Oliver, Mr T. Cooper and ]\Ir Talmer. 
Gave us rings and gloves. 

"June 22d, 1727. Couz. Hannah Hirst married to Mr Xathaniel Bal- 
ston by her grandfather, at her unkle J. Sewall's. Gave us gloves."— Ens. 



XXXVlll INTRODUCTION. 

III. Addington Davenport, Jr., H. C. 1719, Rector of Trinity Church, 

married, 23 Dec, 1729, Jane Hirst for his first wife. Their 
children were : — 

Addington, b. 1731 ; m. Ann ; d. 24 Feb., 1761. 

Jane, b. 1733 ; m. Benjamin Faneuil, Jr., a refugee. 

Elizabeth, b. ; m., 17 Sept., 1751, Nathaniel Lloyd; 

and 2nd, Nathaniel Hatch, 4 Aug., 1755. 
Jane (Hirst) Davenport died prior to 1738. 

IV, Nathaniel Balstone, of Boston, was son of Captain Nathaniel Bal- 

stone, by his second wife, Rebecca, and was grandson of Jonathan 
Balston, merchant. He was born 6 Sept., 1691, married Hannah 
Hirst 22 June, 1727, and was living 28 April, 1796 (SuflE. Deeds, 
lib. 78, f. 142), when he and wife Hannah sold Hull lands on 
Beacon hill. 

I find record of only two children, viz.: Hannah, b. 2 Oct., 1730 ; 
Nathaniel Balstone, who, with wife Eunice (Nathaniel Balstone, 
and Mrs. Eunice Brown, of Salem, were pub. 23 July, 1751, at 
Boston), sell, 7 July, 1770, Sewall lands; and Mary Thornton, 
called sister by Nathaniel in his will, proved 30 April, 1773 (Suff. 
Wills, lib. 72, f. 538), when he gives her the interest on £100, 
and gives all the rest of the estate to wife Eunice. 

Probably this line is extinct. 

16. Mary^ Sewall (daughter of Judge Samuel) married Samuel Ger- 
rish, 24 Aug., 1709. The husband was son of Rev. Joseph Ger- 
rish, of Wenham, and nephew of the Moses Gerrish who married 
Mary Sewall's aunt. The following extracts, from Samuel Sewall 
Jr.'s notes, sums up the record : — 

"Aug. 24, 1709. Was celebrated the marriage of my sister, Mrs. Mary 
Sewall, to Mr. Samuel Gerrish, youngest son of Mr. Gerrish, minister of 
Wenham. Married per Mr. Pemberton. Present my wife and daughter 
Beck. 

" Xov. 9th, 1710. Sister Gerrish brought to bed of a daughter. 12th 
inst. baptized it Hannah. Nov. 17th Father Sewall writes me word of the 
sad newes of the death of my sister Gerrish. She expired about 4 hours 
after midnight, dying in childbed very suddenly. Was interred in grand- 
father Hull's tomb, jSTov. 18th, 1710, being Satturday. Next day Fatlier putt 
up a note for a sanctified use of the early death of my sister for himself and 
family- I and my wife was there at the funeral. Pal bearers, Paul Dud- 
ley, Esq^ Mr Daniel Oliver, M'' Samuel Philips, Mr John Winthrop, Mr 
John Smith, Mr Giles Dyer. Given scarves and gloves. Born October 28th 
lived 19 years, 20 dayes." 

Gerrish was a bookseller in Boston, and Town Clerk. His second 
marriage is thus recorded by S. S. Jr. : — 

" Thursday night, May 8, 1712, Dr. I. Mather married brother Gerrish 
to Mrs Sarah Coney. I was there present; gave my wife and I gloves. 
" 1715. May 22, brother Gerrish's son Samuel, baptized." 



INTEODUCTION. XXXIX 

17. Judith * Sewall (daughter of Judge Samuel) married Rev. Wil- 
liam Cooper* 12 May, 1720, and had: — 
William,8b. 1 Oct., 1721. 
Samuel,^ b. 28 March, 1725. 

Thomas,^ b. living in 1753 ; sold his share of estate. 

Judith,^ b. m. 1st Dr. John Sever, of Kingston, 

13 Dec, 1753 ; had one daughter, Judith ; m. 2d, 

William Rand, Jr. (Seaver Genealogy.) 

Judith (Sewall) Cooper died 23 Dec, 1740 ; her husband died 13 Dei;., 

1743. Of the children : — 

I. Rev. Samuel ^ Cooper was minister at Brattle Street Church, 
Boston ; married Judith Bulfinch, 11 Sept., 1746. 

His will (Suif. Deeds, lib. 83, f. 8) mentions wife Judith, grandson 
Samuel Cooper* Johonnot, daughter Abigail,'' wife of Joseph 
Hixon (Joseph Hixon, of ]Montserrat, and Abigail Cooper, were 
published 2 Jan., 1777. They have issue, whom we have been 
unable to trace). Of the other daughter, we learn by the N. E. 
Hist. Register, VII, 142, that Gabriel Johounet married, 18 Dec, 
1761, Judith Cooper, and had two sons, Samuel C,® baptized 13 
March, 1768, H. C. 1783, went to Demerara, and died in 1806, 
leaving issue, and Zachary,* baptized 12 Feb., 1769. 

Gabriel had a second wife (married in 1774), and died 9 Oct., 1820. 

II. William ^ Cooper, son of Rev. William and Judith ® (Sewall) 
Cooper, was the famous Town Clerk of Boston, the friend of Han- 
cock and Adams. He married Catherine Wendell, 25 April, 1745. 
Their children, who were alive when his estate was distributed in 
1813 (Su£E. Wills, lib. iii, f. 40) were:— 
Samuel.'^ 

Richard W ^ [vbird]. 
John.' 

Judith,'^ wife of Matthew Park. 
William Cooper died 28 Nov., 1809. 

We have been unable to trace his brother Thomas * Cooper, or liis 
son Richard W. Cooper. Of the other children we can give the 
following account : — 

* Notes by Samuel Sewall, Jr. 

1720 May 12. Sister Judith Sewall married to the Rev^ Mr. W? Cooper, 
by her father. Brother Sewall prays. Mr Colman prays after marrias^e. 
None but brothers and sisters, with Mr. Colman and his wife, ^Ir Stoddard 
and wife, Mr Cooper's mother. 

1721 October 1st, Sabbath-day morning, between twelve and one, sister 
Cooper brought to bed of a son at Brooklin, in our best lower room. S'> 
brother Cooper preach'd at Brooklin and baptized his son William, taking 
him in his arms. 

June 28th, 1723, sister brought to bed of a daughter; named it Mehitta- 
bel for his mother's sake. 

September 15th, 1721, sister Cooper's daughter, Mehittabel, dies after 
lonfj lautruiihnient. Buried in crraudfather Hull's tomb the 17th. 



Xl INTEODUCTION. 

John ' Cooper, of Machias, was the first sheriif of "Washington County, 
Maine, married, in 1788, Elizabeth Savage, sister of James Savage, 
of Boston,* and had : — 
John T.8 
William,^ m. Eliza Button, and had : — 

William S. 

Elizabeth D. 

Emma P. 

Caroline P. 

Helen M. 

Mary. 

Harriet C. 
Emma E,* m. Rufus K. Porter, and had issue. 
Charles W.^ 
Samuel.® 

James S.,® m. 1st Mary E. Savage; 2d, Abby I. 
Girdler ; had : — 

Mary E. 

Elizabeth S. 

James I. 

Charles W. 

Alice G. 
Caroline S,* m. William J. Newman, and had issue. 

Samuel' Cooper, of Boston.f was a lawyer, and Judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas for Suffolk, 1800-9, and died between 1810 and 
1820. He married his cousin Margaret, daughter of William 
Phillips ; she died 1 9 Feb., 1 844. Their children were : — 

Samuel T.^ Cooper, of Andover, who married and 

left issue. 
William P.,^ who went to Illinois, and left two sons, 

now residing there. 
George,® who was a lieutenant in the Navy, and died 
unm., at Charlestown, about 1825. 

* See his letter, in the Machias Centennial of 1863, p. 80, from which 
book the above facts are copied. — Eds. 

f By some confusion of names, Mr. Drake has entered in his biographies 
of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati, this son of the Town Clerk; 
thus wrongly identifying him with Gen. Samuel Cooper of Xew York. — 
Eds. 



DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



[Mr. Sewall graduated at Harvard College in the Class of 1671. 
Most of the other ten members of his class were his intimates or 
associates during their joint lives. Under the usage which then pre- 
vailed he became, soon after graduation, a Resident Fellow of the 
College. March 1, 1674, it was " ordered by the Corporation that Sir 
Sewall shall be from henceforth the keeper of the College Library." 
April 15, 1674, "Ordered that Mr. Gookin and Sir Sewall, Fellows 
of the College, have half a year's salary of their proportion fortlnvith 
paid them of the Piscataway gift now in the Treasurer's hands. 
Also, fifty shillings a peece due in February last by Mi*. Glover's gift." 
Pie appears to have taken up his residence in Boston in 1674-5, at 
the house of his father-in-law, undecided whether to enter the minis- 
try or to follow merchandise. April 1, 1675, he writes that he 
preached in the afternoon, in Xewbury, " being afraid to look on the 
[hour] glass: ignorantly and unwilHngly I stood two hours and a 
half." He married, Feb. 28, 167i;, Hannah, daughter of Captain John 
Hull, Mint-master, Treasurer of the town of Boston and of the colony 
of Massachusetts. 

In the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vols. 
YII. and VIII. (1853-54), were published extracts from sume inter- 
leaved almanacs formerly in the possession of Judge Sewall, the 
annalist, and then owned by Frederic Kidder, Esq. As these were 
evidently the first notes made by him, afterwanls reproduced in his 
Diary, avc have copied the omitted portions in such places as seemed 
best. 

The almanacs for 1671 and 1672 contain no notes. In 167o, prior 
to the date of our text, we find the following : — 
" 1G73, May 12, 3 [i.e. third day, Tuesday] nioniiiig Seth Flyiit dyed. 

June 5, 5, Elder Jo. C(ti/--ili/ [?] dyed. 
21, 7, night Ruth Flynt dyed. 

Sept. 5, 6, Joyce went to Jo. Dassitt. 
6,-7, Then Leah Xucom came. 

Oct. 10, G, Joyce came from Jo. Dassitt. 

Nov. 1.5, 17, 11 day night, Mrs. Coleborn dyed, buried tlie 17th." 
In almanac for 1G74 no note.s. — Eds.] 

1 



2 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1674. 

Dec. 3, 1673. I read to the Junior Sophisters, the 14th 
Chapter of Heerboords Physick, i.e. part of it, which 
beginnes thus, Sensus Communes &c. I went to the end, 
and then red it over from the beginning, which I ended 
the 24th of March, IBTJ. 

Feb. 20, 16 T|. Brother Stephen admitted. My Father 
brought down my Brother Stephen to be admitted, which 
was done the 23d of that month. 

March 9, 16 7 J. I sent my Brother Stephen's cloaths 
to be washed by Mrs. Clark. 

Mar. 23. I had my hair cut by G. Barret. 

„ 24. My Father came down; Harry Summerby 
attending him ; brought my Sister Jane to the Dr's. My 
Sister Anne was brought to Mr. Butler's to live by my B. 
John, March 20, 167|. In the Evening the Townsmen of 
Cambrido;e had a meetino; and Mr. Gookin and I beins; sent 
for went to them. They treated us very civily and agreed 
that the School boyes should sit no longer in the Students 
hinder seat. It was also consented to by us that some sober 
youths for the present might be seated there. Hcec hactenus. 

March 25, 1674. My Father went away and Henry 
Somerby with him intending for Salem. It rained hard 
in the afternoon. Madam How brought to bed of a 
daughter in the afternoon. 

April 2. Benjamin Gourd of Roxbury (being about 17 
years of age) was executed for committing Bestiality * * * 
N. B. He committed the filthines at noon day in an open 
yard. He after confessed that he had lived in that sin 
a year. The causes he alledged were, idlenes, not obey- 
ing parents, &c. 

April 6. Mr. Ganson, M!" of a Catch set sail for Liver- 
poll, in which Mr. Higginson went. 

April 7. The D., Mr. Gookin and myself were invited 
and went to dinner with the Magistrates in the Court 
Chamber. Mr. Sherman and Mr. Willard came with me 
to my chamber. 



1674.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 3 

April 8. Mr. Gookin and I gave Mr. Nehemiah Hobart 
a visit, 6*^ to the P'ts man. 

April 9. Mr. Gookin and I went down to Boston. I 
went to visit my Couzen Duiiier and his wife my Couzen, 
who lay in of Mary Dummer, born the 14'^ of March 
167|. To the Nurse 2^, for a pair of sizers 4? 

Aj)ril 10. 3*^ milk, 6'' for spice &c. 

April 15, 1674. 4*^ Beer. News of Peace in Lecture 
time. 3*^ for Wine, 6*^ to Onesiphorus. Tobacco Pipes 
3'^ At night I lay with Sir Adams at Mr. Oakes's. 
Memen. it thundered and lightened and rained very 
much. 

Friday, April 17. My Brother went to Boston and 
bought me an Hour-glasse and penknife 1. 1. 3'^ One 
shilling to my Brother. 23, A pair of Glovs from 
Goodman Fissenden. Laurence and Hannah Oakes 
were at my chamber in the evening. Received my 
Quarter pay ; borrowed money subducted, 2! 12f 9^ 
Mr. Henry Short married the 30"' March '74. Mr. 
Treat to Mr. Maihos [Mayo's] ^ Granchild the 16'^ of 
April, 74. 

June 5, 1674. Mr. Oakes gave me to understand that 
though he respected and loved me as formerly, yet he 
desired that I would refrain coming to his house, and that 
he did it se defendendo, least he should be mistrusted to 
discourage and dissettle me.^ 

Monday, June 15, 1674. Mr. Thatcher, Fellow. The 
Corporation met and chose Sir Thatcher Fellow, Mr. 
Johnson, Printer. N. B. There were this day two bojes 
killed at Watertown with the tumblinii: of a load of brush 



^ Enclosures in square brackets, in the text, indicate conjectural correc- 
tions or explanations. — Eds. 

2 Rev. Ui'ian Oakes, pastor of the Cambridge Church, and afterwards 
President of the College. The reference probably is U> the ditliculty existing 
at the time between Oakes, who was also a Fellow of the ColIeg<', and Pro.-i- 
deut Iloar. — Eds. 



4 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1674. 

on them, on which they road : the one was about the age 
of 12 years, and the other 9. 

Thomas Sargeant was examined by the Corporation : 
finally, the advice of Mr. Danforth, Mr. Stoughton, Mr. 
Thatcher, Mr. Mather (then present) was taken. This 
was his sentence. 

That being convicted of speaking blasphemous words 
concerning the H. G. he should be therefore publickly 
whipped before all the Scholars. 2. That he should be 
suspended as to taking his degree of Bachelour (this sen- 
tence read before him twice at the Pr*f before the com- 
mittee, and in the library 1 up before execution.) 3. Sit 
alone by himself in the Hall uncovered at meals, during the 
pleasure of the President and Fellows, and be in all things 
obedient, doing what exercise was appointed him by the 
President, or else be finally expelled the Collodge. The 
first was presently put in execution in the Library (Mr. 
Danforth, Jr. being present) before the Scholars. He 
kneeled down and the instrument Goodman Hely attended 
the President's word as to the performance of his part in 
the work. Prayer was had before and after by the Presi- 
dent. July 1, 1674. Sir Thacher Commonplaced, Jus- 
tification was his head. He had a solid good piece : stood 
above an hour, and yet brake of before he came to any 
use. By reason that there was no warning given, none 
(after the undergraduates) were present, save Mr. Dan 
Gookin, Sr. the President and myself. July 3, 1671. 
N. B. Mr. Gookin, Jr. was gone a fishing with his 
brothers. 

Had my hair cut by Goodman Barret, July 6. 

July the 8th being Cambridge lecture day, Mr. Wallie 
set sail, with whom went Mr. Chauncy and Mr. Epps. 

July 10. I Commonplaced. Nobody save the 6 plm. 
[placemen ?] was present. 

July 17. Sir Weld commonplaced. His subject was 
Man as created in God's Imao;e. 



1674.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 5 

July 21. Sir Bowles^ Commonplaced. His subject was 
the Creation of the Soul. 

August 7, 1674. New Colledge raised. John Francis 
helping about raising of the new Colledge had his right 
legg (both bones) broke a little above his anckle, and his 
left thigh about 4 inches below the joint, by a peece that 
fell on him, and had like to have killed several others and 
yet hurt none. 

Friday, August 14. I with my two Brothers went home 
to Newbury. 

Tuesday, August 18. Visited Mr. Parker, Mr. Wood- 
bridge and Mr. Richardson. 

Aug. 19. Tim. Woodbridge visited me. 

Thorsday, Sept. 3. Mrs. Martha Noyes dyed. 

Sept. 4. Buried. Her death suddain, the 5*^ day after 
her Travail. 

Monday, Sept. 7. First Frost. Sept. 8"^ Generall Train- 
ing. My Brother John went down and had discourse with 
my Sister Hannah, (that now is).^ Brought up my Sister 
Jane, Sept. 11. About the IS^'' of this month my Father 
w^ent down, carried my Sister Jane, and brought up the 
Publishment. 

Monday, Sept. 28"\ My little Neece Born. 

Sept. 29. Broth. John went to Boston, and B. Stephen 
to Mr. Batters, upon Tryal. 

Tuesday, Oct. 6. My Ffither went to Cambridge. 
Oct. 8. My Father was at Boston, on which day he 
spake sconcerning my Buisines to a Gentleman there. 

1674. Tuesday, Oct. 13. I went to Cambridge, being 
summoned to wait on the Court the next day. 

Oct. 16. by Mr. Richardson's means I was called to 
speak. The sum of my Speech was that the causes of 

1 John Bowles — sometimes written Bowels — and Tlionnis Weld were 
Sewall's classmates. The title Sir designated graduates be tore they took 
the Master's degree. — Eds. 

^ Jcihn Sewall married Hannah Fessenden of Cambridge, ]>robably sister 
of Nicholas F., both being called " cousin " by John F. — Eos. 



6 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1674. 

the lownes of the Colledge were external as well as 
internal. 

The first day of my coming to Boston at night, I lay 
with my Coiizen Dunier. The Thorsday Oct. 15 I rode 
first to Charlestown Ferry, thinking to have my horse 
over, and so accompany Mr. Gookin, but could not, and so 
was fain to ride round in the night. 

Oct. 17. Nicol. Fissenden came with me home. 

Tuesday, Oct. 20. My Father went down to see how 
things were after my information. Nic urged to have my 
Brother [who ?] has gone too. My Mother and I with- 
stood it. Father (as it was thought he would) set the 
match forward, her friends earnest. 

Oct. 23. Brother Stephen came to visit us. 

Oct. 26. Brothers John and Steph, with Father Lum- 
macks, went down the next day, Tuesday, Oct. 27. 
Brother was married by Mr. Danforth. 

Oct. 29. They came home, it being a rainy day. 

Saturday, 31^*, They returned. Goodman Cheyny, Nic. 
Fissenden, and Thomas Cheyny. Stephen my Brother to 
Salem. 

Nov. 3. Mr. Adams married. Mr. AVilliam Adams and 
Miss Mary Manning, his wife, coming from Salisbury came 
to visit me. • Meraen. They were married by Mr. Dan- 
forth on Wednesday, the 21 of Sept. [Oct. ?] Mr. Taylor 
married. 

Thorsday, Nov. 5, Mr. Edward Taylor, of Westiield is 
married (as he gave out.) 

Copys of Letters in Almanack, 1672. 

Memento, that about Novem. 12 1 wrote four Letters to 
England. Lnj). one to my Aunt Rider. ^ It. one to my 
Aunt Mehetabel Holt. It. one to my Cousin Thomas 
Dummer. It. one to my Landlord Marice. In that of 
my Aunt Holts were also enclosed one of my Mothers to 

1 For the various relations of Sewall, the reader is referred to the pre- 
liminary sketch. — Eds. 



1674.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 7 

my Unckle, St. Dummer, one of my Brother John's to be 
sent to my Aunt Sarah Holt. The Copies of mine are in 
the Ahuanack for the year '72. My Bro. went to Salem 
Nov. 13, intending for Boston Saturday, Nov. 14 to 
give these Letters to Mr. Hull by him to be sent for 
England. 

Thorsday, Nov. 19, My Mother and Self went to see 
Goodman Moody, whom we found extream ill of the yel- 
low jaundice. We visited Goodman and Goodwife Little 
also. 

Tuesday, Nov. 24. My Father received a letter from 
Capt. Pike, of Woodbridge,' by which he sollicited my 
Father for my coming thether to be their Minister. Let- 
ters date, Sept. 10. '74. 

Monday, Nov. 30*^. My Father and self went to Salem. 
The next day my Brother Stephen was bound Apprentice 
to Mr. Edmund Batter, Merch. His time expires on the 
29"' of Sept. 1679 (unless Mr. Batter dye before).^ At the 
time specified he is to receive ten £ in good and currant 
pay. 

Tuesday, Dec. 22, 1674. Lieutenant Way, Mr. Weaver, 
Tho. Norman came to our house. The Lieuten. related 
distinctly several things about Mr. Nicolets Church gather- 
ing at lin." 

Wednesday, Dec. 23. I was at an Arbitration between 
Tho^ W. and JohnW. Weaver: was cast 300 and odde £ 
in W debdt. The Arb. were Mr. Den, C'^'. Saltonstall, 
Mr. Pike, C^'^ Gerrish, and Mr. Doel. The last set not 
his hand at all. Mr. Pike but to part. 

Friday, Dec. 25. Sam. Guile of Havarel, ravished Good- 
wife Nash of Amesbury, about G. Bailyes Pasture at the 
white Bottoms. 

^ ProbaV)ly, Rev. Jolin Woodbridge, of Andover. — Eds. 
2 Mr. Batters did not die until 1G85, when he was seventy-six years 
old. — Eds. 

* See History of Lynn (ed. 1SG5), p. 2GL — Eds. 



8 DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [167f 

Mond. Jan. 25, 167|. Mr. Smith came to visit us, and 
brought with him one Mr. Bradly, who is allso a Southton ^ 
man, and told me that he went to old Mr. Goldwire's to 
school at Broadling, with 34 more. He allso told me that 
Thos. Warren was Apprentice to an Orange Merchant at 
Billingsgate, and Sam. to a Coal-seller at Cheapside. 

Thurs. Feb. 13. There was a Fast held at Sam. Moody's, 
principally upon the occasion of his sicknes : whereat 
were present, Mr. Woodbridge, Mr. Philips, Mr. Moody, 
Mr. Reinor, Mr. Richardson. The 3 first mentioned 
seemed to be very sensible of the state of things and of 
the plots of papists, Atheists : and Mr. Phillips spake how 
the Ministers in England, when they had their liberty, look 
after their own houses, quarrelled, &c. I carried my 
Mother to the Fast, and there we with many more, had 
(I hope) a feast day. 

A Scotchman and Frenchman kill their Master, knock- 
ing him in the head as he was taking Tobacko. They are 
taken by Hew and Cry, and condemned : Hanged. 

Nicolas Feaver, born in the He of Jersey, Robert Driver, 
born in the He of Orknye in Scotland, Executed, Mar. 18, 
1671. 

Monday, March 15, 167|. I visited Mr. Parker.^ He 
told me what one Mr. Stockman related to Mr. Parker his 
father, at the table of the Earl of Pembrook. This Stock- 
man went into Spain with the Embassadour, and there 
hearing of one that could foretell things went to him to 
enquire concerning England. He showed in a glass for 
K. Henry 3 time, the Cross leaning, and stooping : for 

1 Southton means, of coiirse, Southampton. Sewall was born at Bishop's 
Stoke, in the county of Hampshire [or Southamptonshire], a parish some 
eight miles north of the city of that name. Baddesley, where he went first 
to school, was a mile or two west of Stoke, and Broadlands (possibly, the 
Broadling of the text) was a few miles farther west. — Eds. 

2 Rev. Thomas Parker, pastor of the church at Newbury. Having lost 
his siglit, he devoted himself to teaching Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. Sewall 
had been under his tuition. — Eds. 



1675.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 9 

K. Edward the Wizard showed a Child, a cloud drawn over 
his head. Q. Mary, Ferro et Flafhis : Q. Elizabeth, Excel- 
Untissima : K. James, one coming over a river with the 
crown on his head, Infelix pads amator. 

^ April 3. 1675. About one of the clock at night, Sam. 
Moody dyed quietly, having lyen sick of the jaundice 
by the space of half-an-year. He was buried on Monday. 
There was a great funeral. 

April 4, Sab. day. I holp preach for" my Master, [Mr. 
Parker] in the afternoon. Being afraid to look on the 
glass, ignorantly and unwillingly I stood two hours and a 
half. 

April 29 Brother John and Sister Hanah Sewall begin 
to keep house at the Falls. 

My Father having found things out of order at the Lit- 
tle Farm, viz, Fences down, ground Eaten and rooted up 
by Cattle and hogs, and wanting a good Tenant, the Sea- 
son of the year now spending, resolves and goes to live 
there, notwithstanding the littleness and unpretines of the 
house. 

^ Saturday, May 15. Brothers house was raised, at the 
raising of which I was. Two Pins lower Suiiier. 

^ The following items are supplied from the interleaved almanacs. — Eds. 
" 1675. March 29, 2. Now a [] Capt. Alii [] of Cliarl [] dyes. T. [] 
frater. 
March 30, 3. Brother brought home Sister Jane from the Dr. at 

Cambridge. 
March 31, 4. Xo Lecture, because Mr. Rich f. home. I visited 
Mr. Parker and ]\Ir, AVood. jVL*. Parkerus natus et 
baptizatus die Pentecoste, Alio 1595, being y'J June 
8'h as I take it." 
2 "May 1,7. Beans planted. 
5. 4 Diet Sisters. 
June 3. 5 David Perkins. Brt. Arad. 
June - Two troopers pressed to go against the Indians: Xoyes, 

Tho. Thurrel. I went to the farm in the evening. 
July IS, 1. Xews of Nihicrafts yeelding. 

27. 3. John Godfrey. 
Aug:. 25, 4. The fight was of two hours, 12 miles from Hatfield. John 



10 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1675 

Friday, May 21. Goodman Adams (coming to visit his 
Mother Woodman) was invited by and came over and 
lodged with me. 

N.B. Tuesday, May 4 C'p'^ Scarlet, Mr. Smith, Mr. 
Freak killed by a blow of powder on Ship board. Mr. 
Freak killed outright. 

July 31, at midnight, Tho. Wood, Carpenter of Rowly, 
had his house and goods burnt, and, vce malum, a daughter 
of about 10 years of age, who directed her brother so that 
he got out, was herself consumed to ashes. 

This said Saturday night, in a dream, I fancyed myself 
to have Mrs. Richardson's child in my arms, and herself 
following me up a pair of stairs going to heaven, all sor- 
rowfull and weeping. I went up innumerable steps and 
still saw nothing, so that I was discouraged, doubting with 
myself whether there was such a place as sedes heatorum. 
Yet I strengthened myself as well as I could, considering 
how apt things only heard of are to be doubted (if diffi- 
cultly obtained and not of a long time) though they be 
never so true. Thus thinking, I went on ; at last I came 
to a fair chamber with goodly lodgings. When I saw that 
was all, I earnestly prayed that God would help us, or 
else we should never get to our journey's end. Amazed 
I was, not being able to conceive how furniture should 
be brought up those stairs so high. Afterward it was a 
chamber in the N. Building, [at the College], after, part 
of an old [house] (Goff, as I take it) that joined to it, of 
the same heii^ht. A schollar told me that those thiutjfs 
were drawn up by a pully, and so took in at a window 
which was all ranshacled like that in Goff Colledge over 
the Fellows' chamber, and all things began to seem more 





Plumer dies. Steven Greenleaf wounded. 


Ex literis 




S. Greenleaf. 




Sept. 18. 


Capt. Latrop. 




Oct. 13. 


Marsh. Skerry. 




Oct. 6. 4. 


Springfield, 32 houses, with their barns." 
— Eds. 


Almanacs. 



1675.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 11 

vile. Herabout I waked, being much troubled at the 
former part, and much wondring at the latter of my 
dream. ^ Desinit in piscem mulier formosa superneJ Deus 
det, deus misericors et henignus, me, et comites meos, non 
tantum et de somnis, sed vere tandem divinis gradibus ad 
caelum, usque ascendere. 

Novem. 10, 1675. Lecture day. Remember the cour- 
teous speech and behaviour of Tho. and Will Noyse. 
Ingenious men. Will came to me (speaking with Tim. 
Woodbridge) and excused his not coming to see me, &c. 

Nov. 11. Morning proper fair, the wether exceedingly 
benign, but (to me) metaphoric, dismal, dark and por- 
tentous, some prodigie appearing in every corner of the 
skies. Father went to Attach Ben Goodridge, at which 
(as all) so especially Mother, troubled and disswaded him. 
Nothing moves, at which Mother was exceedingly trou- 
bled, and, e. h. w. o. L. w. h. [every hour wishes our Lord 
would help ?] 

N. B. Tuesday, Dec. 21, 1675, about the time of the 
Eclips Sister Sewall was delivered in my chamber of a 
daughter, Goodwife Brown being Midwife. 

Sept. 13. Saturday, was that lamentable fight, when 
Capt. Latrop with sixty-four killed. 

^ Decern. 19. Sabbath day, that formidable engage- 
ment at Narraganset, 34 Eng""*^ put in one pit, 3 after 

1 " Xov. 29, 1. Dr. Hoar dies. 

Dec. 14. 3. Juditli March. 

Dec. 1.9. Sunday. Enr^agement. 

29, 4. Mr. Keyner came in the evening to our house, delivered 

me a letter. Lodged here; in bed we had mucli and 
various discourse. 

30, 5. Mr. Jer. Ilobart lodges here. I at sisters witli little 

Jacob. 
30"'. 5. Rainy m. mist, hold up. "Sir. R. goes on his journey. 
Gave him letters of Dec 28 for Boston. 
13 Jany. Broth.-r Jolm Sewall. 
29 Feb. (TuQs.) ^Nliss Thatcher, Senior, and :\Iiss Page visit us. tliey 
tlie first." [Sewall was married the preceding day.] 
Almanacs. — Eds. 



.12 DIAKr OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1676. 

Joseph Pliimer, 26 gon already, 75 more pressed; advance 
towards Ipswich. 

Lecture day Jan. 5. Hints of discourse. One (speak- 
ing of twelve +ide) said it may be we knew not 11 from 
12. I said it was best if (in that sense) we did not. In 
defence of Mr. Graves I said that the Application of Xt's 
merits was a greater wonder than the sending of Xt. into 
the world. That no person could be said to be mankind : 
that such an one was not, w^hich was thought very ridicu- 
lous.^ Jan. 3, cold wether hindred wTiting till now. 

Jan. 10, 167 1. Felled the oak at the E. end of the 
house. Matre et Sorore valde plangentihus. 

Nota bene. Friday about 3 in the afternoon, April 
21, 1676, Capt. Wadsworth and Capt. Brocklebank fall. 
Almost an hundred, since, I hear, about fifty men, slain 3 
miles off Sudbury : the said Town burned, Garrison houses 
except. 

Sabbath day, evening, 23 April, considerable thunder 
shower. Monday 24, about 6 afternoon, a Woman taken, 
and a Man knocked in the head, at Menocticot, Brain- 
trey. 

^ April 5, Wednesday, Governour Winthrop dyes. In- 
terred old Burying place Monday following. 

April 25 Tuesday, Major Willard dyes at Charleston, 
buryed 27'^. April 26. Mr. Lidget dyes: interred the 
28^^ 1676. 

Monday, May 8. Considerable Thunder and rain in 
the night. Mrs. Wharton Dyes : Buried Wednesday after- 
noon. 

Tuesday, Fast, Magistrates, Deputies. Sisters sail toward 
Newbury. 

1 The reader can hardly fail to think the same, on account of the obscurity 
of the text. — Eds. 

2 "1676. Feb. 10,7. Mr. Sanford dyes. 

]\Ich. 10. 6. Mr. Ransford . 26. Marlborough. 
June 20. 3. No lecture, but past the week at ]\Ir. Mathers." 
Almanacs. — Eds. 



1676.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 13 

Friday, May 5. 16 Indians killed: no English hurt: 
near Mendham. 19 May. Capt. Turner, 200 Indians. 22 
Ma}^ about 12 Indians killed by Troop. 

Monday, May 9. Cold encreases mightily, all night 
burning Fever : next night rested indifferently. 

Sabbath, May 14, 1676. 2 or 3 in the morning, Mr. 
Usher dyes. At night Mr. Russel dyes, being drowned 
in flegm. Mr. Tho. Shepard buried Tuesd. 5, afternoon. 
Wednes : aftern. Mr. Usher buried. Tuesd. 16. Mr. 
Atwater dyes : buried Thursday following, after Lecture. 
Three such Funerals, one after another, imediately, I 
never before saw. Mr. Atwater w^as at meeting in the 
forenoon and afternoon the Sabbath before. N. B. As 
■we came from the Funeral, we saw an huddle of persons, 
who were bringing Jabez Eaton that died just then in the 
street. 

Wednesday, May, 24, about 10 M., Capt. Davis dies, 
fever, he had been delirious severall times betw^een while 
before his death. 

Mr. Willard preaches the Lecture. 

Mr. Woodrop, Hobart Ger., Nehem. Phips, Weld, Faild, 
came after lecture and sat with me. God grant we may 
sit together in heaven. May 25. Mr. Adams had a very 
pithy and pertinent discourse from Nahum 2. 2. Old 
Church. 

Monday, June 5. Mr. Hutchison chosen Capt., Mr. 
Turin, Lieut., Mr. Bendal, Ensign of the Artillery. 

Tuesd. 6, late in the Afternoon, a violent wind, and 
thunder shower arose. Mr. Bendal, Mrs. Bendal, Mr. 
James Edmunds, and a Quaker female were drowned : 
their Boat (in which coming from Nodle's Hand) being 
overset, and sinking by reason of ballast. jSIr. Charles 
Lidget hardly escaped by the help of an oar. 

Wednesday, June 7., 5 Afternoon Mr. Bendal, Mrs, car- 
ried one after another, and laid by one another in the 
same grave. Eight young children. Tuesday, June 6, 



14 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1676. 

Hatfield figlit, 5 English killed, about 14 Indians. Wed- 
nesday, June 7, Ninety Indians killed and taken by Conec- 
ticut ferry : 30 and odd by C. Henchman. 

June 10*^^., Received a Letter from Unckle St. Dumer, 
dated March 24, 1675 [6] i. e. last March, for it was in 
answer to one wrote, Oct. 29. '75. Aunt Sarah died 
about a year and ^ before. Peace and plenty. Nothing 
of Father's buisiness. 

June 16, 1676. Went with my Father to Mr. Smith's, 
there to see the maner of the Merchants. 

June 22. Two Indians, Capt. Tom and another, exe- 
cuted after Lecture. 

Note, at the Execution I delivered 2 Letters, one to 
Unckle Steph, another enclosed to unckle Nath, unto John 
Pike, to be by him conveyed. Last week two killed by 
Taunton Scouts, as they were in the river, fishing. 

Note. This week Troopers, a party, killed two men, and 
took an Indian Boy alive. Just between the Thanksgiv- 
ing, June 29, and Sab. day, July, 2, Capt. Bradfords ex- 
pedition 20 killed and taken, almost an 100 came in: 
Squaw Sachem. July 1., 9 Indians sold for 30£. Capt. 
Hincksman took a little before. The night after, James 
the Printer and other Indians came into Cambridge. 
Father Sewall came Tuesday June 27. Went home 
Friday last of June. 

Saturday, July 1, 1676. Mr. Hezekiah Willet slain by 
Naragansets, a little more than Gun-shot off from his 
house, his head taken off, body stript. Jethro, his Niger, 
was then taken : retaken by Capt. Bradford the Thorsday 
foUowinu:. He saw the Eno-lish and ran to them. He 
related Philip to be sound and well, about a 1000 Indians 
(all sorts) with him, but sickly : three died while he was 
there. Related that the Mount Hope Indians that knew 
Mr. Willet, were sorry for his death, mourned, kombed 
his head, and hung peag in his hair. 

Saturday, July 8, 9 Indians, 2 English sallied out, slew 



1676.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 15 

5 and took two alive. These Indians were killed not 
many miles from Dedham.^ 

July 9, 10, &c. This week Indians come in at Ply- 
mouth to prove themselves faithful, fetch in others by 
force: among those discovered are some that murdered 
Mr. Clark's family : viz, two Indians : they accuse one of 
them that surrendered to the English. All three put to 
death. 

Saturday, July 1-5. Quaker marcht through the town, 
crying, " Repent, &c." After, heard of an hundred twenty 
one Indians killed and taken. Note. One Englishman 
lost in the woods taken and tortured to death. Several 
Indians (now about) come in at Plymouth, behave them- 
selves very well in discovering and taking others. Med- 
field men with volunteers, English and Indians, kill and 
take Canonicus with his son and 50 more. 

July 27. Sagamore John comes in, brings Mattoonus 
and his sonne prisoner. Mattoonus shot to death the 
same day by John's men. 

Friday, July 28. Mr. Chickery dyes, about 5, afternoon. 
Coiiiencement day : Mr. Phips married. 

Saturday Even. Aug. 12, 167G, just as prayer ended 
Tim. D wight sank down in a Swoun, and for a good space 
was as if he perceived not what was done to him : after, 
kicked and sprawled, knocking his hands and feet upon 
tlie floor like a distracted man. Was carried pickpack to 

1 Tlie reports and rumors which are entered on tlie Journal are but a 
few of those daily reaching Boston of the direful horrors oi Philip's War. 
" James the Printer " above referred to, was a native Indian, son of a dcacnu 
of the church of " Praying Indians'" at Grafton, lie hail been educati'd at 
the Indian School in Cambridge, aiul was an apprentice to Saiuui'l (Jri'i'ii, 
printer in that town, helping in the printing of Eliot's Bible. He ran otf to 
join his own people in their assaults on the settlements of t\\p Eni,dish. but 
availing himself of the Declaration put forth by the Court of Massucliiisetts 
in 1G7G, promising mercy to all who would come in witliin fourti'cu days, he 
returned and was soon allowed to resume his tradi\ His naiu''. with that 
of Green, is on the title-page, as printer, of the Indian Psalter, print<'d in 
1709. —Eds. 



16 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1676. 

bed by John Alcock, there his cloaths pulled off. In the 
night it seems he talked of ships, his master, father, and 
iinckle Eliot. The Sabbath following Father went to him, 
spake to him to know what ailed him, asked if he would 
be prayed for, and for what he would desire his friends 
to pray. He answered, for more sight of sin, and God's 
healing grace. I asked him, being alone with him, whether 
his troubles were from some outward cause or spiritual. 
He answered, spiritual. I asked him why then he could 
not tell it his master, as well as any other, since it is the 
honour of any man to see sin and be sorry for it. He 
gave no answer, as I remember. Asked him if he would 
goe to meeting. He said, 'twas in vain for him; his day 
was out. I asked, what day : he answered, of Grace. I 
told him 'twas sin for any one to conclude themselves 
Reprobate, that this was all one. He said he would speak 
more, but could not, &c. Notwithstanding all this sem- 
blance (and much more than is written) of compimction 
for Sin, 'tis to be feared that his trouble arose from a 
maid whom he passionately loved : for that when Mr. 
Dwight and his master had agreed to let him goe to her, 
he eftsoons grew well. 

^ Friday, Aug. 25. I spake to Tim of this, asked him 
whether his convictions were off. He answered, no. I 
told him how dauQ-erous it was to make the convictions 
wrought by God's spirit a stalking horse to any other 
thing. Broke off, he being called away by Sam. 

Sabbath day, Aug. 20, we heard the amazing newes of 
sixty persons killed at Quinebeck, by barbarous Indians, 



Capt. Henchman began. 

Philipus exit. 

Mr. Buckley. Mr. Zech. Long, Comr. 

The great ship stops in launching; falls on one side out of 

her cradle. 
Mock Fight. Indian Fight. 
Miss Brown. — 16,7. "Wheler Henry." Almanacs.— 

Eds. 



Aug. 


3. 


5. 


Aug. 


12. 


7. 




16. 


4. 


31st. 


5. 


Sept. 


11. 


2. 




14. 


5. 



1676.] DIARY OF SA3IUEL SEWALL. 17 

of which were Capt. Lake, Mr. Collicot, Mr. Padashell. 
Dilati sunt in fiiturum, 

Aug. 27. We hear of Major Talcots coming on Indians 
travailing towards Albany, to dwell on this side Connect, 
river. He slew some, took others with most of the 
plunder. 

Aug. 31. Cousin Anah Quinsey is taken ill of the flux, 
accompanied, as it is said, with a Fever. Note, Aunt 
Quinsey is providentially here. My dear Mother, Mrs. 
Judith Hull grows sick the same night and is extreamly 
distrested. 

Sept. 1. Her Face very much swelled. Night following, 
Mother's pains something abated : humours dissipated. 

Sept. 3. Anna Quinsey Died about ten of the Clock, 
A. M. Buried Monday Sept. 4. N. B. Cousin Ana's 
Water was carried to Dr. Snelling on Sab. morn. He 
affirmed her not to be dangerously ill. My Father-in- 
Law from the first feared her death, from her trembling 
pulse, restlessness, Wormes coming away without amend- 
ment, and the well-looking of her Water, when she was 
manifestly very ill. 

Eelations at the Funeral : Unckle and Aunt Quinsey, 
Parents, Epr. Savage, Ruth Quinsey, germans, Experience, 
whom my Father led, Sam. and Hannah Sewall, Cousin 
Henchman, Pounden. Bearers, Henry Philips, Tim. 
Dwight, Joseph Tappi[n], John Alcock. Note. This is 
the first person that I know of buried out of an house 
where I was then dwelling. The Lord in his mercy 
Sanctify it to me, and overcome death for me by Jesus 
Christ. 

Sept. 13. The after part of the day very rainy. Note, 
there were eight Indians shot to death on the Coinon, 
upon Wind-mill hill. This day a Souldier, Thorn. Fisk, 
leaves part of a Libel here by accident. His debent. was 
signed to Muddy River, when it should have been to 
Cambridge, which he came to have altered. Tlie paper 



18 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1676. 

he wrapt them in was wet, wherefore I profered him dry, 
that so his writings might not be spoyled. He accepted 
it and left his old wet paper, wliich, coming after into the 
room, I read. 

Sept. 14, at night my Mother Hull, praised be God, had 
comfortable Eest. 

Sept. 15. Friday, received Letters by Mr. Clark from 
my Unckle St. Duiner, to Father and Mother Sewall, 
where in he informs, "We do through some difficulty hear 
Mr. Cox most Lords dayes." Letter to Mother of May 
29, '76. In that to my Father of same dates, " Mr. Quinsey 
is copying out your Writings. He shall also take my Ac- 
count. I am at a weak Hand. Something hangs about 
me like a consumption. You must imploy some other 
man in your Buisiness, for I think I shall not be able to 
doe it. You may see that the Leases (in that of June 
20, mentions onely Stoak Lease) of your Bargains are 
almost run .out. You must take some course to new Let 
your Land, or come and live in it, or else it will lye to the 
wide world, and nothing will be made of it &c." Pernio 
ante. " The Bill of £20 you ordered me to pay Tho. Papil. 
of London, I have paid, also Dr. Oakes, Jno. Saunders' 
Bills. Mrs. Hatten's Bill is not yet paid. I am out of 
purse already, and if I pay hers I must borrow money, 
the which I think to doe this time, but hope that you or 
some other of my Cousins will come over, or get some 
other to doe your business here. I have done it a long 
time, and am unwilling to meddle of paying or receiving 
any more. I desire you would send me in your next what 
Goods and money you have received of mine. Before 
finishing my Letter in comes Mr. Quinsey, &c." 

Dear Bro., &c., Jonas Clark being at my house about Miss. Hat- 
ten's Bill, &c. I have been sick this Spring, and am at a weak Hand 
still. Therefore did desire you and doe still, that you will now take 
some speedy course to have your Business done by some other. I 
have sent you an Account, with Copyes of your Leases and Lee 



1676.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 19 

Deeds. Stoak Lease (you may see) will quickly be out. The Tenant 
is a good Tenant, but tells me he will not give so much Rent, when 
his time is out. Amongst all your Writings, I can't find, nor never 
did see the Copy of your Bargain at Stoake. Mr. Clark told me 
you were resolved, or minded, to come over with him. I should be 
glad to see you. It seems you have charged another Bill upon me, 
payable to Mr. Papil. [Papillon] or his order. I shall leave that for 
some other. I told him he would be paid as soon as the money could 
be gotten. I have paid all the other Bills that I could hear of. Thus 
with my love, &g. 

Your loving Brother, Stephen Du5er. 

June 20, 1676. 

"Dear Sister, — From what I heard from Mr. Clark I have 
great hopes that your eneinyes, the Indians, are conquered before 
this. Yourselves and troubles have been much upon my spirit. I 
should be glad to hear of tlie prosperity of New England. I have so 
much love to you and the Country that, had I my health, I could will- 
ingly undertake the journey to see you. But I was very glad to hear 
that God liad preserved you and yours, when so many have lost their 
lives and Estates. Its a time of great sufferings in many places of 
the TVorld. London and several other towns have had great loss by 
fire this summer. Its said a 1000 houses burnt at London, in South- 
worke ; and its judged set on fire by Rogues. Yet, through great 
mercy, we enjoy the Gospel, though it be with some hazard. I liopo 
it will please God to continue his Gospel to poor England, for I lioj)e 
here are many thousands that have not bowed the knee to Baal. I 
think I writ to you in my last of the death of sister Sarah. She hath 
left two children. They are far from us, 8 miles beyond Chichester, 
and so can hear from them or see them but seldom, &c. I have 
desired my Brother, your Husband, to receive, and send you your 
Rents. My Reason chiefly is because I am very unhealthy. 

Yours, etc., 

Stepiiex Dummer." 
June 20, 75. 

In the Letter to Father of May 24, '76: " I find that 
jou are Debtor, £24. 4. 2. which, when I have received, 
lie meddle no more." Here followeth a Copy of the 
Accomit. 



20 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1676. 

Disbursements at several times and for several things . £515. 14. 2. 

More to Mrs. Hatten, 010. 00. 0. 

This Account till March 26, 1676. 
Receipts : 

Fifteen years Rent at Lee £300. 00. 00. 

Thirteen years Rent at Stoke 275. 10. 00. 

Two years at Stoke when the land was cast on me, . . 020. 00. 00. 

The Total 495. 10. 00. 

This Account is till Lady-day, 1676. 

From me 

Stephen" Dumer." 

My Aunt Mehetabel writes to Mother, INIay 26, '76. 
Informs that she hath four children living, viz : Thomas, 
Robert, Jane and Mehetabel. Cousin Thomas, enclosed 
" We have been in many fears for you, because your 
enemies are many, both at home and abroad. Bat I hope 
the Lord will deHver you out of all their Hands, in his 
due time." 

Unckles of May 29, saitli " before I finished my Letter, 
in comes Mr. Quinsey. Mr. Quinsey's to me from Lon- 
don, is dated May 27, so that Mr. Quinsey made very 
little stay at Bishop Stoke : ex consequentia. 

Sept. 16, '76. Mother Hull rested not so well on Friday 
night, as before. Mrs. Brown was buried, who died on 
Thursday night before, about 10 o'clock. Note. I holp 
carry her part of the way to the Grave. Put in a wooden 
Chest. 

Sept. 18. Mr. Broughton and his son George being 
here, said Mr. George agreed to deliver up his Writings 
of the Mills, and give up the management of it to Father 
Hull. Mement. sent Letters to Newbury by Mr. G. B. 
imj^rimis, a little packet 6 Letters, Stoke Lease, Unckles 
Account, one letter, which had enclosed two from England 
to my Father, Unckle Riders, Mary Gouldings : one to 
Mrs. Noyes, the last to Richard Smith. 

Mr. Reyner, of Sept. 25, saith that their Indian Messen- 
gers returned the night before, and informed they saw 



1676.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 21 

two Indians dead, their Scalps taken off ; one of them was 
Canonicus his Captain. 'Tis judged that Canonicus him- 
self is also killed or taken by the same Hand, viz, of the 
Mohawks. 

This day, viz, Sept. 18. Goodman Dull, meets with a 
Lively Spring, the Well 23 foot deep. 

SejDt. 19. Mane, Eliza Alcock informs that Mother had 
a good night, though she Rested ill on Sabbath day night. 
Laus Deo qui orationem non vuU non exaudire. 

Sept. 20. Judith Hull slept better last night than at 
all since her sickness. Note, mark Kerseyes, &c. 

Sept. 21, '76. Stephen Goble of Concord, was executed 
for murder of Indians : three Indians for firing Eames his 
house, and murder. The wether was cloudy and rawly 
cold, though little or no rain. Mr. Mighil prayed : four 
others sate on the Gallows, two men and two impudent 
Women, one of which, at least. Laughed on the Gallows, 
as several testified. Mothers last nights rest was inferiour 
to the former. Dr. Brackenbury called in here. Note. 
Mr. Joseph Gillam comes in from St. Michaels, live weeks 
pasage, Loading, Wheat, Wine. 

Sept. 22, Spent the day from 9 in the M. with Mr. 
[Dr.] Brakenbury, Mr. Thomson, Butler, Hooper, Cragg, 
Pemberton, dissectino; the middlemost of the Indian exe- 
cuted the day before, x [Hooper] who, taking the ^ in 
his hand, affirmed it to be the stomack. I spent ISs., Gd, 
in Ale, 6d in Madera Wine, and 6d I gave to the maid. 

Sept. 23. Looked into Mr. Russels Accompts. Mother 
rests indifferent well now a-nights. Father ill of a pain 
caused in his shoulder, and then on his left side, by re:i,son 
of taking cold. 

Mr. Reynor, in a Letter dated at Salisbury, Sept. 21, 
'76., hath these passages: "God still is at work for us. 
One-ey'd John, witli about 45 of your Southern Indians, 
have been apprehended since the Soukliers went East- 
ward. They we judge them All of our Southern Indians. 



22 • DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1676. 

And nothing yet lately heard of damage in the Eastern 
parts. A Sagamore of Quapaug is one of the Indians 
taken and sent. Canonicus we believe was killed by the 
Mohawks, when his Captain was slain. N. B. We have, 
in our Business here great discoveries of our shameful 
Natures. Pray that the Sanctification and Reconciliation 
by Xt. may prevail to his honour." 

Sept. 26, Tuesday, Dr. Hawkins takes away from my 
Mother Hull about 4 ounces of blood. Saoramore Sara 

o 

goes, and Daniel Goble is drawn in a Cart upon bed 
cloaths to Execution. T. Mat. Tep. pomor. [?] One ey'd 
John, Maliompe, Sagamore of Quapaug, General at Lan- 
caster, &c, Jethro, (the Father) walk to the Gallows. 
Note. One ey'd John accuses Sag. John to have fired the 
first at Quapaug, and killed Capt. Hutchison. Mothers 
two last nights were very restless. 

Sep. 27, Brother John Sewall came to visit me. Told 
me of my friends Wellfare, and of the death of Goodman 
Titcomb last Sabbath day, after about a fortnight sickness 
of tlie Fever and Ague. One week or thereabout lay 
regardless of any person, and in great pain. 

Sept. 28. Brought my Brother John going so far as 
the little Locust tree, beyond the Causy, on the Neck. 

Sept. 30. Tliis morn, about the dawning of the day, 
H. Sewall is called up by the Flux, which it seems troubled 
her Friday in the afternoon, though unknown to me. 

Oct. 1, Sabbath day. The last night H. Sewall rose 
twice. Had sundry Stools this day. Mother recovers 
more and more. Oct. 2. H. S. had a very ill nio-ht and 
day. Oct. 3. Last night I watched. Han. S. had an 
extream restless night. 8 or 10 Stools. Dr. Brackenbury 
advises to Diacodium to move Rest, and approves Pep- 
par boyled in Milk and Water, alike of each. Diacod. 
6 ounces. Mother hath scarce any Rest. Oct. 4. Mrs. 
Herlakendine Simonds watches : two stools. Considerable 
sleep. 6 ounces Diacod. I lodge in the Chamber over 



1676.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 23 

the Kitchen, Mother hath a very ill night: concerned 
for her daughter. I should have noted before that Dr. 
Brackenbury said such malignity in the lower bowels was 
most times accompanied with an extream binding in the 
upper, and therefore things tending to solubility most 
proper, though he was loath to give an absolute purge 
unless necessity required. Monday, first visit in the even. 
Tuesday two visits, to-day one. 

Oct. 5. Wednesday. I lodge with my wife. Nurse 
Hurd Avatches. But one Stool, that in the morn., tho. 
slept not all night, yet rested indifferently. Note. Mother 
had very little or no sleep. Chirur. Haw^kins Breaths 
two veins in her Foot, takes aw^ay about 7 or 8 ounces of 
blood. Drs. Brakenbury and Avery present. Dr. Avery 
saith the Diacodion would render persons faint. News of 
Canon. Squaw and Sonne taken at Salmon Falls Mill, being 
seen as they went over the Boom. Information of Canon, 
being killed by Mohawks, (according with the first Story, 
and that they had not seen a fire of some wrecks eastward. 
Wife rose in Lecture time. 

Oct. 6. One Stool. I rose about 10., went not to bed 
again. Betty is taken ill. Mother rests finerly, had not 
Betty been ill. My wife sits up almost all day, without 
faintness : so that I mistrust Diacodion. Oct. 7. last 
night, H. and S. S. sleep together (small intervals except) 
till break of day, then I rise. She hath oue Stool. Mother 
hath little or no sleep : Betty no good night. Cousin 
Mary Savage dies about noon. Oct. 8. Last night no 
Stool : all 3 sick persons had a very good night, praised 
be God. Note, this Even. Mr. [Dr.] Brak. visits Mother, 
Wife ; Dr. Alcock, Betty : both together at our chamber. 
Oct. 9. Sabbath night a good night of all hands. An 
hard Frost, Teste Isahele Pierce Nutrlce. 

Oct. 9. Cousin Mary Savage buried in the afternoon. 
Father and I at the Funeral. 

Bro. Stephen visits me in the evening and tells me 



24 DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1676 

of a sad accident at Salem last Friday. A youth, when 
fowling, saw one by a pond with black hair, and was 
thereat frighted, supposing the person to be an Indian, 
and so shot and killed liiin : came home flying with the 
fright for fear of more Indians. The next day found to 
be an Englishman shot dead. The Actour in prison. 

Mr. Dwight tells that the Minister, Mr. Woodward, 
dyed ravingly distracted. Dei SemitcB investigahit. 

Oct. 10. Last night, H. S. somewhat feverish, slept 
not so well as formerly, yet indifferently ; cheerly not- 
withstanding, this day. Violent rain and cold. Oct. 11. 
Had a comfortable night, tho. rose once. Oct. 12. Had 
a comfortable night. Betty extream ill of the bloody 
Flux, which almost casts Mother down. 

^ Note, went not to Lecture Two Indians executed. 

Oct. 13. Mother and wife had a good night. Betty 
indifferent. Mement. Made an Hen Coop. Mr. Clark 
came and stood by me. He, Capt. Henchman, C. Green, 
Mrs. Flint, Mrs. Plaisted, dined with me. 

Gave Mrs. Williams Letter and my own to Mr. Brough- 
ton to be given Mr. Hill for conveyance. 

Oct. 14. Last night very comfortable to wife and 
Mother. Oct. 15, a good night. This day we have intel- 
ligence that the Garrison at Blackpoint is surrendered to 
the Indians. Note, Capt. Scottow at home, here at Bos- 
ton. 

16. Good night. Mr. Brackenbury, the 17'^. Best 
night that mother has yet had, slept without so much as 
dreaming. 18, 19, 20, all Good nights. Mother con- 
versant in the Kitchen and our chamber. My Wife every 
day since the Sabbath goes to Mothers chamber without 
hurt. 21 Good night, all Hands. Cousin Reynor comes 

^ " Oct. 12 (Thurs.) turned to a fast, and two Indians executed. 

30, 2, Anderson sets sail. 

Nov. 4, 7, Mugge comes in. 

Dec. 4,2. Gillam sails." Almanacs. — Eds. 



1676.] DIARY OP SAMUEL ISEWALL. 25 

to Town : in the night passes to Braintrey, because of 's 
wife there. 

A Copy of the first Letter I ever wrote to my Cousin, 
Mr. Edward Hull : 

Mr. Edward H. and Lovixg Cousin, Although I never saw you, 
yet your Name, Affinity to me, and what I have heard concerning 
you, make me desirous of your acquaintance and Correspondence. 
Your Remembrance to me in my Father's I take very kindly. And 
I, with your Cousin, my Wife, do by these, heartily re-salute you. 
My Wife hath been dangerously ill, yet is now finely recovered and 
getting strength. It hath been generally a sick summer with us. 
The Autumn proraiseth better. As to our enemies, God hath, in a 
great measure, given us to see our desire on them. Most Ring 
leaders in the late Massacre have themselves had blood to drink, 
ending their lives by Bullets and Halters. Yet there is some trouble 
and bloodshed still in the more remote Eastern parts. W^hat is past 
hath been so far from ushering in a Famine, that all sorts of Grain 
are very plenty and cheap. Sir, my Father in Law hath consigned 
to yourself two hh of Peltry, to be for his and my joint Account, as 
you will see by the Letter and Invoice. I shall not need to entreat 
your utmost care for the best Disposal of them according to what is 
prescribed you : which shall oblige the writer of these Lines, your 
loving friend and Kinsman, 

Samuel Sewall. 
BosTOx, Oct. 23, 1676. 

Now dies Capt. Tho. Russel, well the preceding Sab- 
bath, and intended for England in Mr. Anderson. Homo 
projj. Deus disp. Omnia. Mother slept not so well as 
formerly, yet went to Church in the Afternoon. 

Oct. 23. AVent from Boston about five T. P.^ to Mil- 
ton, there accidentally meeting with Moses Collier, Mr. 
Senderlen and I went on to Hingham, to John Jacobs. 
Oct. 24, Tuesday, went from thence to Plymouth, about 
noon; refreshed there. Note, James Percival met us 
there, and so we went cheerfully together from thence 
about 2. T. P. ; got to Sandwich about a quarter of an 

^ This same contraction occurs below. We find, by the entry on p. 4S9, 
that it stands for tempore post-meridiano. — Eds. 



26 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1676. 

hour by sun : lodged at Percivals with Mr. Senderlen. 
Oct. 25, Wednesday, Breakfasted at Stephen Skiphs. He, 
Percival and I rode out about 12 miles, within sight of 
Marthah's Vinyard, to look Horses : at last happily came 
on 11, whereof five my Fathers, viz, three chessnut col- 
oured Mares, and 2 Colts : put them in jNlr. Bourns sheep- 
pen all night. Note. Supped at Mr. Smiths, good Sup- 
per. Oct. 26, Thursday, Topk up the young four yeer old 
Mare, slit the two near ears of the Colts, their colour was 
a chesnut Sorrel, whiteish Manes and Tails. The Bigger 
had all his Hoofs white : the Lesser all black. Both Stone- 
Colts. The Hair of the Tails cut square with a knife. 
After this Mr. Smith rode with me and shewed me the 
place which some had thought to cut, for to make a pas- 
sage from the South Sea to the North : said 'twas about a 
mile and a half between the utmost flowino- of the two 
Seas in Herring River and Scusset, the land very low and 
level, Herrin River exceeding Pleasant by reason that it 
runs pretty broad, shallow, of an equal depth, and upon 
white sand. Showed me also the 3 Hills on the which 4 
towns kept Warders, before which was such an Isthmus 
of about 3 miles and barren plain, that scarce any thing 
might pass unseen. Moniment Harbour said to be very 
good. Note. Had a very good Supper at Mr. Dexter's. 
Being in trouble how to bring along my Mare, in came 
one Downing and Benjamin his son, who, being asked, to 
my gladness promised Assistance. Oct. 27, Got very well 
to Plymouth, Tailing my Mare, and Ben strapping her on, 
though we were fain to come over the Clifts the upper 
way because of the flowing Tide. There saw x\corns upon 
bushes about a foot high, which they call running Oak ; 
it is content with that Stature. From Plimouth Ben and 
's father mounted a Trifle before me, I waved my Hat 
and Hankerchief to them, but they left me to toil with 
my tired jade : was fain at last to untail and so drive them 
before me, at last ride and lead the Mare with great diffi- 



1676.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 27 

culty. When came to Jones his Bridge, (supposing the 
house had been just by) put the bridle on the Horses 
neck, drove him on the Bridge, holding the Halter in my 
Hand. When I came on the other side, could not catch 
my Horse, but tired myself leading my tired Mare some- 
times on the left Hand into the Marsh, sometimes on the 
right Hand : at last left him, went to the Bridge to ensure 
myself of the path, so led her to Tracies about -} mile. He 
not at Home, could scarce get them to entertain me, though 
'twas night. At length his son John put up my Mare, 
then took up his own Horse, and so helped me to look 
for mine, but could not find him : after his Father and he 
went on foot, and met him almost at the House, Saddle 
Cover lost, which John found in the Morn. Oct. 28, 
Saturday, Goodman Tracy directed and set me in the 
way, so I went all alone to the end, almost, of rocky 
plain, then, by God's good providence, Mr. Senderlen 
overtook me, so we came alon<j: cheerful] v too-ether, called 
at my Aunt's [in Braintree], refreshed, left my tired jade 
there, set out to Boston ward about half an hour by Sun, 
and got well home before shutting iu. Praised be God, 
Note. Seeing the wonderful! works of God in the jour- 
neye, I was thereby more porswaded of his justice, and 
inhaljility to do any wrong : put in mind likewise of Mr. 
Thachers Sermon, Oct. 22. 

Tlie Iliunble Springs of stately Sanil\viel\ Beach 

To all Iiiferiours may observance teach, 

Tliey (without Complement) do all concur, 

Pi-ayiuL!; the Sea, Accept our Duty, Sir, 

He mild severe, I've (now) no need: and when — • 

As you are come : go back and come agen. 

Novem. 6. Verv Cold blusterino: wetlicr. Note, I and 
John went on board, of Mr. Downe, to see Fatlier's Horse 
and my Mare Shipped. 7, clear wether. Wednesday, 
cloudy. In the night great deal of rain fell. Tliurs. 
Thanksgiving day, cloudy, sotdtry, wind, S. E. Friday, 



28 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1676. 

Nov. 10 clears up, westerly, wind roars. Mr. Downe sets 
sail. 

Nov. 11. Brave, mild, clear whether, and fresh Gale 
of Wind. 

Novem. 27, 1676, about 5 M. Boston's greatest Fire' 

1 This was the second great fire in Boston, the first being in 1653. Hub- 
baud, in his "Narrative of the Troubles," &c., p. 115, writes : "After all 
the forementioned Calamities and Troubles, it pleased God to alarm the 
Town of Boston, and in them the whole Country, by a sad Fire, accidentally 
Kindled by the Carelessness of an Apprentice that sat up too late over Night, 
as was conceived ; which began an Hour before Day, continuing three or 
four, in which Time it burned down to the Ground forty six Dwelling 
Houses, besides other Buildings, together with a Meeting-house of consid- 
erable bigness : some Mercy was observed mixt with the Judgment : for if a 
great Rain had not continued all the Time, (the Roofs and Walls of their 
ordinary Buildings consisting of such combustible Matter) that whole end of 
the Town had at that Time been consumed." 

Hutchinson (Hist. I. 319) copies from an interleaved almanack, the 
following account : — • 

" Nov. 27, 1676. A fire broke out in Boston, about 5 in the morning, at 
one Wakefield's house, by the Red Lion, by a candle carelessly set, which so 
prevailed, that it burnt down about 45 dwelling-houses, the north -Uieeting- 
house, and several warehouses; the wind was at south-east when it began 
and blew hard; soon after it veered south, and brought so much rain as much 
prevented further mischief, without which, all that end of the town had prob- 
ably been laid in ashes, and Charlestown also endangered, by the fiakes of 
fire which were carried over the river." 

The church thus burned was that of Rev. Increase Mather, of whom the 
following story is told by his son in his " llemarkables," pp. 78, 79 : — 

" In the Year, 1G76, he had a strange Impression on his mind that caused 
him, on Nov 19, to Preach a Sermon on those Words, Zeph., iii. 7 — ... 
and Conclude the Sermon with a Strange Prediction, That a Fire was a com- 
ing, which would make a Deplorable Desolation. ... At the same time, he 
Eainestly urged upon his Consort, a Speedy Change of Habitation ; which 
could not be Accomplished. On the next Lords-Day, he preached. Not aware 
of its being so, a Farewel-sermon, on those Words, Rev. iii. 3." 

" The very Night following, a Desolating Fire broke forth in his Neigh- 
borhood. The House in which he with his Flock, had Praised God, was 
Burnt with the Fire. AVhole Streets were Consumed in the Devouring 
Flames, and laid in Ashes. His own House also took a part in the Ruines: 
But by tlie Gracious Providence of God, he lost little of his Beloved Library: 
Not an Hundred Books from above a Thousand: Of these also he had an 
immediate Recruit, by a Generous Offer which the Honourable Mi's. Bridget 
Hoar made him, to take what he Pleased from the Library of her Deceased 
Husband. In less than Two Years also, he became Owner of a Better 



1676.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 29 

brake forth at Mr. Moors, through the default of a Tay- 
lour Boy, who rising alone and early to work, fell asleep 
and let his Light fire the House, which gave fire to the 
next, so that about fifty Landlords were despoyled of their 
Housing. N. B. The House of the Man of God, Mr. 
Mather, and Gods House were burnt with fire. Yet God 
mingled mercy, and sent a considerable rain, which gave 
check in great measure to the (otherwise) masterless 
flames : lasted all the time of the fire, though fair before 
and after. Mr. Mather saved his Books and other Goods. 
Dec. 12, Mr. Ben. Davis came from on Board Boon at 
Marthah's Vinyard to Boston on foot. Dec. 13, Cousin 
Savage, my wife and self, visited Mr. Hezekiah Usher and 
his wife (Note, that she spake for Jane) where saw Mr. 
Davis. This day at even went to a private meeting held 
at Mr. Nath. Williams's. Emaus Smith spake well to Script. 
Philip 2. 3. latter part. Smith spake more to my satisfac- 
tion than before. Note, The first Conference meeting 
that ever I was at, was at our House, Aug. 30, '76 at which 
Anna Quinsey was standing against the Closet door next 
the Entry. Mr. Smith spake to Ps. 119. 9. The next was 
Oct. 18, at Mrs. Olivers : Capt. Henchman spake well to 
Heb. 6. 18. 

The Wednesday following I was at Sandwich. 

The 3-^ at Mr. Hill's. Goodm. Needam and my Father 
spake to Heb. 3. 12. Nov. 1. 

The 4"', Nov. 15, at Mr. Wings where Mr. Willard spake 
well to that proper place, Malach, 3, 16. 

The 5"', at Mrs. Tappins, where ]Mr. Sanford and ]Mr. 
Koyes spake to 1 Peter, 5. 7. Nov. 22. Mr. Fox prayed 
after. 6*^ Nov. 29, at Mrs. Aldens, where Mr. Williams 
and Wing spake to Heb. 5. 7. Dec. 6. no meeting because 

House: and though his Flock ^vas now Scattered, for several months, Ciod 
made it an opportunity for him to Preach every Lords-Day in the other 
Churches, and Entertain successively the whole City with his Enlightening 
and Awakening Ministry." — Eds. 



30 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1676. 

of the ensuing Fast. The 7*^. at Mr. Williams's mentioned 
first. 

Dec. 14, 1676, Seth Shove was brought to our House to 
dwell, i. e. Father Hull's. N. B. In the evening, seeing a 
shagged dogg in the Kitchin, I spake to John Alcock, I 
am afraid we shall he troubled icith the ugly dogg : where- 
upon John asked which way he went. I said out at the 
Street door. He presently went that way, and meeting 
Seth (who went out a little before) took him for the clogg, 
and smote him so hard upon the bare head with a pipe 
staff, or something like it, that it grieved me that he had 
strook the doa-o; so hard. There arose a considerable 
Avheal in the chikls head, but it seems the weapon smote 
him plain, for the Kising was almost from the forehead to 
the Crown, grew well quickly, wearing a Cap that night. 
'Twas God's mercy the stick and manner of the blow was 
not such as to have spilled his Brains on the Ground. 
The Devil, (I think) seemed to be angry at the childs 
coming to dwell here. Written, Dec. 18, '76. 

Dec. 18, Mr. Rowlandson and Mr. Willard came and 
visited my Father. While they were here, Mr. Shepard 
also. came in and discoursed of Reformation, especially the 
disorderly Meetings of Quakers and Anabaptists : thought 
if all did agree, i. e. Magistrates and Ministers, the former 
might easily be suprest, and that then, The Magistrates 
would see reason to Handle the latter. As to what it 
might injure the country in respect of England, trust God 
with it. Wished, (speaking of Mr. Dean's) that all the 
children in the country were baptised, that religion with- 
out it come to nothing. Before Mr. Shepards coming in, 
one might gather by Mr. Willards speech that there was 
some Animosity in him toward Mr. Mather : for that he 
said he chose the Afternoon that so he might have a copi- 
ous auditory : and that when the Town House was offered 
him to preach to his Church distinct, said he would not 
preach in a corner. 



1676.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 31 

Dec. 20, Went to the Meeting at Capt. Scottows, where 
Edward Allin and John Hay ward spoke to Pro v. 3. 11. 
How get such a Frame as neither to Faint nor Despise. 
(8) meeting. Mrs. Usher lyes very sick of an Inflammation 
in the Throat, which began on Monday. Called at her 
House coming home, to tell Mr. Fosterling's Receipt, i, e, 
A Swallows Nest (the inside) stamped and applied to the 
throat outwardly. 

Vce malum. Dec. 21, being Thorsday, Worthy Mr. 
Reyner^ fell asleep : was taken with a violent vomiting the 
Friday before. Lightheaded by Saturday, Lay speechless 
24 hours, and then died on Thorsday even. We heard 
not that he was sick till Friday about 9 at night: on 
the Sabbath morn, comes William Furbur and brini>:s the 
newes of Death. After last Exercise Father dispatches 
Tim to Braintry. Monday morn. Uncle and Tim come 
back. Uncle concludes from the Winter, his own infirm- 
ity and my Cousins indisposedness, to dispatch away Wm. 
Furbur with Letters onely. how earnestly did I expect 
his coming hetlier, and say with myself, what makes him 
stav so lono: ? I mig-lit have seen him as I went to Sand- 
wich, but God had appointed I should see him no more. 
The Lord that lives forever, grant us a comfortable joj'ous 
meeting at Christ's appearance. Note. None of us saw 
Mr. Rej'uer Oct. 21, for he posted to Braiutrcy in the 
night, and he went back when I was at Sandwich. 

I suppose the last time that I saw and discoursed him 
was — [blank]. He was here with Mr. Broughton earn- 
estly urging to make sure Lands of Mr. Broughton at 
Dover to my Father, and so take him Paymaster for the 
Aiiuity laid on it. Mr. Broughton withstood, and Mr. 
Reyner feared it was because he would not let it go out 
of his hands, though he pretended other things and seemed 
to reflect on Mr. Reyner. Note, Mr. Reyner and 1 dis- 

^ This ^Ya3 Rev. John Reyner, Jr., of Dover, ^vho married JiuliUi Quincy, 
own cousin to Sewall's wife. — Ed3. 



32 DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [167f 

coursed of it in the orchard, and he professed his integrity 
in it, and that he thought Father would never have it 
sure, if not that way. Advised me not to keep over much 
within, but goe among men, and that thereby I should 
advantage myself. 

^ Decem. 27. Ninth Meeting that I have been at. Which 
was at Edward AlKn's. Script. Jer. 10. 24. N. B. Mr. 
Moody got me to supply his room : Capt. Scottow con- 
cluded. 

Dec. 28. Mr. Willard preaches. N. B. I got but just 
to hear the text. This day pleasant and smiling were it 
not the day of Mr. Reyner s Funeral. 

Dec. 30, Saturday. Capt. Henchman and I witnessed 
Mr. Dudlyes Coiiiission for collecting the Customs. 

January 3, 167f. Mr. Nath. Oliver and Elizabetha Brat- 
tle, a Simon Bradstreet, equit. conniihio junguntur. Note. 
This day we have intelligence of Boon's being at Eoad 
Hand. 

Jan. 6. Note. Mr. Dean came liether this morning, 
and spent a considerable time in discoursing my Father. 
Advised me to Acquaint myself with Merchants, and In- 
vited me (courteously) to their Caballs. A great deal of 
rain last night and former part of this day. 

Jan. 8. Bro. Stephen came to see us in the even : I 
walked out after Super and discoursed with him. 

Jan. 9. Tuesday, at noon stepped out and visited Mr. 
Nath. and Eliza. Oliver. Snowy day. 

Jan. 10. Cloudy, Cold, noren wind. Note, went on 
foot to Mr. Flints at Dorchester, there to be in the com- 
pany of Ministers : but none came save Mr. Torry. Mr. 
Fisk was gone to his sick Father : Mr. Hubbard and Adams 
hindred (as conjectured) by the wether. So that there 
was Mr. Flint, Mr. Torry, Elder Humphreys, Jolm Hoar, 
Mrs. Stoughton, Mrs. Flint, Senior, Junior, Mrs. Pool and 

i'*Dec. 21. 1. Wm. Furbur. 25. Yisi Sim. Gates." Almanacs.— Eds. 



167|.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 33 

her daughter Bethesda/ with a Nurse named Clap. Not- 
withstanding the fewness of persons, the day (thro. Gods 
grace) was spent to good purpose. Mr. Fhnt prayed, 
then preached singularly well from that place, Cant. 1. 6. 
But my own Vineyard have I not kept ; which he handled 
well, Pressing every particular person to look to their own 
Souls. Elder II. prayed. After some pause (because the 
day much spent and I to goe home) Mr. Torrey prayed 
onely : Avhich he did divinely, that we might not think 
strange of fiery Tryal, might be sure not to deceive our- 
selves as to our union with Christ. Indeed, the exercise 
was such, preaching and praying, as if God did intend it 
for me. I prayed earnestly before I went that God would 
shew me favour at the meeting, and I hope he will set 
home those things that were by him Carved for me. Mr. 
Flint sent his Man after the Exercise, so when I had well 
supped, comfortably rode home. Chief design (it seems) 
in Meeting to pray for Mr. Stoughton. 

^ Jan. 17. Wrote a letter to my Uncle St. Duincr, to 
desire him to pay Mr. Papil. Bill, and at present (at least) 
take care of my Fathers Lands, espec. Lee, writing down 
all his Receipts and payments, &c. Sent it in Father H's 
Packet to Cousin Hull. 

Jan. IT. Went to the Meeting at Mrs. Macharta's, 
which is the 10''' I have been at. The Script, spoken 
to was Hoseah 6. 3. Then shall we have knowledge and 
endeavour ourselves to know the Lord (as in the Transla- 
tion I have by me). Capt. Henchman handled it. 

Jan. 19. Father and self went to visit Mr. Sanford, who 
was very short-winded. He said he had been a careless 
Xn. And when I mentioned Mr. Dod's words, he said 



^ The coniliination of Betliesda and Pool has had similar examples. 
Buenos Ayres lived in Brookfield a century ago, and Virgil Del[ihiiii Parris 
was a member of the Legislature of Elaine. — Eds. 
2 " Jany. 13. 7. Mr. Alford buried. 

17. 4. Thanksgiving at Cambridge." Almanacs. — Eds. 
3 



34 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [167f 

that was his very case, viz : he feared all he had done for 
God was out of hypocrisy. If so gracious and sober a man 
say so, what condition may it be expected many will be in 
on a Death-bed. 

Monday, 2 of the Clock, P. M. Jan, 22. 167f^. went to 
Mr. Thacher's, and spake to him about joyning to his 
Church. 

Wednesday, Jan. 24. Went to the 11"' Meeting at Mr. 
Haywards, in the Chamber over Mr. Brattles Room, where 
G. James Hill and Joseph Davis spake to Job, 22. 21. 
Acquaint thyself with him, &c. Note. Mr. Brattle and 
his Son-in-Law Mr. Oliver were there. See the Copy of 
the Letter w^herein the Houses of some were threatened 
to be burnt. Jan. 23. 7|. 

Thorsday, Jan. 25, Mr. Numan was here, to wdiome and 
to Mr. Serjeant (who staid here near an hour) 1 showed 
the Copy of the Letter cast into the Governours the 
Tuesday before. 

Jan. 26. Went to Charlestown Lecture, was ^ an 
hour too soon, so went in to Sir Allin, whether came 
also the Governour, his Lady, Mr. Mrs. Dudley, Mr. Hub- 
bard, &c. 

Jan. 30. Sent a letter to Cousin Quinsey, which enclosed 
a piece of Gold that cost me 23^ Gave the Letter to Mr. 
Josson. In it ordered to buy 2 pair of Silk Stockings, pink 
colored, black, 1 pair Tabby Bodyes, cloath-coloured, l wide 
and long wastied : also Turkish Alcoran, 2'^ Hand, Map of 
London. Sent him a copy of verses made on Mr. Reynor. 
Jan. idt., sent a letter to Mr. Thacher, by the Bagg, in which 
Salutations, and some newes. Wednesday, 31 Brother John 
Sewall brought down Sister Jane to live w^itli Mrs. Usher, 
but the next morn I went to her and she gave nie to 
understand that she thought Jane would not come, and 
so had supplyed herself. Father Hull kindly invited her 
to stay here till she should change her condition if she 
so liked. Note. Just now wanted a Maid very much, 



167f ] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 35 

courted Goodwife Fellows Daughter : she could not come 
till spring : hard to find a good one. So that Jane came 
in a critical time. 

Feb. 2. Brother journeys homeward. Had him in to 
Dr. Brakenburyes as he went along, who judgeth he may 
cure him. 

Feb. 8. John Holyday stands in the Pillory for Coun- 
terfieting a Lease, making false Bargains, &c. This morn. 
I visited Mr. Sanford, who desired me to remember his 
Christian (he hoped) Love to my Father Sewall, and mind 
him of Discourse had between them at Belchers, Cam- 
bridge, which he professed pleased him as much or more 
than any he had heard from any person before. 

Feb. 10. Mr. Sanford dves about 9 in the mornins:. 
Buried Sabbath day after Sun-set. 

Feb. 7. Went to the 12^'' meeting at Mr. Morse his 
House, where Mr. Gershom Hobart spake well to James 
1. 19. Feb. 14, 13"' Meeting at Goodman Davis's, where 
G. Tappin and Cousin Savage spake to 1 Peter 1. 6. By 
which words I seriously considered that no godly man hath 
any more afflictions than what he hath need of : qua medl- 
tatione mild quidem die sequente usics fiiit : nam socer 
{jain2yenefervidus2')ropter avenas sihi inconsidio ohla- 
tas) de stlpite aiquo grandiore q^iem in ignem intcmpestive 
(id aiebat) conjeci mihi iratiis fuit, et si ita insiplens forem 
dixit se mihi Jidem non habitiirinn, et ventosam men fern 
meam fore causatlvam. Deus det me sibi soil confidere, 
et creato nidli. Psal 37. 3. 4. 5, prlnclp)iwn hvjns p.'^al. 
caneham consclus, quern p)rop>ter ea quoi dicta sunt intestus 
p)etli'i. [See translation in Hull's Diary, p. 2'5o.] 

In the thorsday even Mr. Smith of Hingham spoalvs to 
me to solicit that his Son, and my former Beili'enow, 
Henry Smith, might obtain Mr. Sanfords House and 
autliority therein to teach School. Sister Jane brought 
us in Beer. Friday morn Feb. IG, I go to ]\Irs. Sanford 
and (by her hint) to Mr. Frary, one of tlie overseers, who 



36 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [167f. 

gave me some encouragement, and said that within a day 
or two, I should have an Answer. 

Wrote a Letter to Mr. Smith that Frary had given an 
encouraging answer, and that I thought no Delay was to 
be made least the Scholars should be lodg-ed elsewhere. 
Feb. 18. The seats full of Scholars brought in by a 
Stranger who took Mr. Sanfords place : this I knew not 
of before. 

Friday, Feb. 16. Brewed my Wives Groaning Beer. 

Feb. 21. Went to the 13"' Meeting^ at Cousin Savasre's : 
where my Father-in-Law and Goodman Need ham spake to 
Psal. 6. 1. 

Feb. 23, 167 f-. Mr. Torrey spake with my Father at 
Mrs. Norton's, told him that he would fain have me preach, 
and not leave off my studies to follow Merchandize. Note. 
The evening before, Feb. 22, I resolved (if I could get an 
opportunity) to speak with Mr. Torrey, and ask his Coun- 
sel as to coming into Church, about my estate, and the 
temptations that made me to fear. But he went home 
wdien I was at the Warehouse about Wood that Tho. 
Elkins brought. 

Satterday, Mar. 3, 167 f- went to Mr. Norton to dis- 
course with him about comino; into the Church. He told 
me that he waited to see whether his faith were of the 
operation of God's spirit, and yet often said that he had 
very good hope of his good Estate, and that one might be 
of the Church (i. e. Mystical) though not joined to a par- 
ticular Congregation. I objected that of Ames, he said 
vere queer entibus, the meaning was that such sought not 
God's kingdom in every thing. I said it was meant of not 
at all. He said, was unsettled, had thoughts of going out 
of the country : that in coming into Church there was a 
covenantinsr to watch over one another which carried with 

o 

it a strict obligation. And at last, that he was for that 
way which was purely Independent. I urged what that 
was. He said that all of the Church were a royal Priest- 



167f.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 37 

hood, all of them Prophets, and taught of God's Spirit, and 
that a few words from the heart were worth a great deal : 
intimating the Benefit of Brethrens prophesying : for this 
he cited Mr. Dell. I could not get any more. Dr. Mason 
(whom I have often seen with him) came in, after him 
Mr. Alden, so our Discourse was broken off. March 6. 

March 6, O great Menasseh, were it not for thee, 
In hopes of Pardon, I could hardly be.^ 

March 7. A pretty deal of Thunder this day. Went 
to the 14^^ Meeting at B. Needham's, where Mr. Noyes 
and Mr. Alden spake to 1 Sam. 15. 22. To obey better 
than Sacrifice, &c. 

March 9, 167f, Cold and Clear. N. B. The corner 
House in the Street called Conney's,^ next the Harbour, 
toward the North end of the Town, was set on fire about 
four in the Morn, as is rationally conjectured : for the 
middle of the roof onely was fired, and upon a Roof of a 
Leanto that came under that there were several drops of 
Tallow. It was discovered by an ancient Woman rising 
early, and so prevented, praised be God. 

March 11. Thanks were returned by the Selectmen in 
behalf of the Town, for its preservation. 

March 12. Went to the first Town Meetinn: that ever 
I was at in Boston. Capt. Brattle, Capt. Oliver, Mr. Joy- 
litf, Mr. Lake, Mr. Turell, Mr. Allen, Deacon, Mr. Eliot, 

1 Genesis xli. 51. An application to God of the epithet, The Great 
Forgetter of Sins. — Eds. 

'^ Coney's street or lane seems to iiave been overlooked in 1708, when tlie 
Selectmen passed their order establishing the names, as printed in the 
"Historical Magazine " for September, 18(JS. From deeds on record (Suff. 
Reg. xxiii. 93), it seems that Coney's lane was known in 1701, when the 
heirs of John ]\Iellows sold their father's estate there. It seems as if this 
land was on the north side of Sndbury street, on the curve from Hanover 
street to Portland street. If so. Coney's lane ntai/ liave been the name of ])art 
of Sudbui'y street; or it may have been some lane, now obliti-rated, leading 
across or through tliat land above described. Sudbury en'/ is on our Town 
liecords in lOoi), and Sudbury street in the Book of I'ossessions, dated 
c. 1613-1050.— Eds. 



38 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [167f 

Deacon : the last pleaded hard, but could not get off. 
Severall Constables, Fin'd, as Mr. Hez. Usher, Mr. Jonath. 
Corwin [for not being willing to serve]. 

March 13. Capt. Lake, the Remainder of his Corps, 
was honourably buried : Captains and Commissioners car- 
ried : no Magistrate save Major Clark there, because of 
the Court. I was not present because it was Tuesday.^ 

March 14. Visited Mr. Willard, and so forgot to goe 
to the Meeting at Mr. Smith's. 

March 15. Mane, oravit Socer [indefinite) ne slmus 
oneri tentationi crucis locis quibits ^^osi^i^ 7ios j^^^ovi- 
dentia. 

March 16. Dr. Alcock dyes about midnight. Note, 
Mrs. AYilhams told us presently after Dutyes how danger- 
ously ill he was, and to get John to go for his Grand- 
mother. I was glad of that Information, and resolved 
to goe and pray earnestly for him ; but going into the 
Kitchin, fell into discourse with Tim about Mettals, and 
so took up the time. The Lord forgive me and help me 
not to be so slack for time to come, and so easy to disre- 
gard and let dye so good a Resolution. Dr. Alcock was 

39 veers old. 

March 19, 167 f- Dr. Alcock was burled, at whoos 
Funeral I was. After it, went to Mr. Thachers. lie 
not within, so walkt with Capt. Scottow on the Change 
till alK:)ut 5, then went again, yet he not come. At last 
came Elder Rainsford, after, Mr. Thacher, who took us 
up into his Chamber ; went to prayer, then told me I had 
liberty to tell what God had done for my soul. After I 
had spoken, prayed again. Before I came away told him 

1 Captain Thomas Lake was, witli several others, surprised and killed by 
the Indians, on Aug. 1-i, near a fort on Arowsick Island, Maine, during tlie 
continuance of tlie war at the eastward. He had escaped to anotlier island, 
and his fate \va.s not known, nor his mangled body recovei'ed, till many 
moutlis afterwards. His monument may be seen on Copp's Hill, wliere he 
was interred, though it is not decorated with the coat of arms shown in Bridg- 
man's Inscriptions. — Eds. 



1677.] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 39 

my Temptations to ^ him alone, and bad him acquaint me 
if he knew any thing by me that might hinder justly my 
coming into Church. He said he thought I ought to be 
encouraged, and that my stirring up to it was of God. 

March 21, 167f. Father and self rode to Dorchester 
to the Fast, which is the first time that ever I was in 
that Mee ting-House. So was absent from the private 
Meetings. 

March 22. 23. Plenty of Rain after a great deal of 
dry and pleasant wether. In the afternoon of the 23'\ 
Seth and I gather what herbs we could get, as Yarrow, 
Garglio, &c. 

March 26, 1677. Mr. Philips arrives from Scotland, 
brino-s the Newes of the Messeno-ers Arrival about the 
beginning of December. They send Letters of the latter 
end of Januarv. BrouQ-ht likewise the lamentable newes 
of Mr. Samuel Danforth's Death, of the Small Pox. 

March 30, 1677. I, together with Gilbert Cole, vms 
admitted into Mr. Thacher's Church, making a Soleiii 
covenant to take the L. Jehovah for our God, and to 
walk in Brotherly Love and watchfulness to Edification. 
Goodm. Cole first spake, then I, then the Relations of the 
Women were read : as we spake so were we admitted ; 
then alltogether covenanted. Prayed before, and after. 

Mar. 31. Old Mr. Oakes came liether, so I wrote a Let- 
ter to his Son, after this tenour : 

Sir, I have been, and am, iinder great exercise of mind Avith regnrd 
to my Spiritual Estate. Wherefore I do earnestly desire that you 
would bear me on your heart tomorrow in Prayer, that God would 
give me a true Godly Sorrow for Sin, as such : Love to himself and 
Christ, that I may admii'c his goodness, grace, kindness in that 
way of saving man, which I greatly want. I think I shall sit down 
tomorrow to the Lords Table, and I fear I shall be an unworthy par- 
taker. Those words, If your oicn hearts condemn you, God is greater, 
and know eth all tJdngs, have often affrighted me. 

Samuel Sewall, 



40 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1677. 

April 1, 1677. About Two of the Clock at night I 
waked and perceived my wiie ill : asked her to call 
Mother. She said I should goe to prayer, then she would 
tell me. Then I rose, lighted a Candle at Father's fire, 
that had been raked up from Saturday night, kindled a 
Fire in the chamber, and after 5 when our folks up, went 
and gave Mother warning. She came and bad me call the 
Midwife, Goodwife Weeden, which I did. But my Wives 
pains went away in a great measure after she was up ; 
toward night came on again, and about a quarter of an 
hour after ten at night, April 2, Father and I sitting in 
the great Hall, heard the child cry, w^hereas we were 
afraid 'twould have been 12 before she would have been 
brought to Bed. Went home with the Midwife about 
2 o'clock, carrying her Stool, whoes parts were included 
in a Bagg. Met Avith the Watch at Mr. Rocks Brew 
house, who bad us stand, enquired what we were. I told 
the Woman's occupation, so they bad God bless our 
labours, and let us pass. The first Woman the Child 
sucked was Bridget Davenport. 

April 3. Cousin Flint came to us. She said w^e ought 
to lay scarlet on the Child's head for that it had received 
some harm. Nurse Hurd watches. April 4. Clear cold 
weather. Goodwife Ellis w^atches. April 7, Saturday, first 
laboured to cause the child suck his mother, which lie 
scarce did at all. In the afternoon my Wife set up, and 
he sucked the right Breast bravely, .... 

April 8, 1677. Sabbath day, rainy and stormy in the 
morning, but in the afternoon fair and sunshine, though a 
blustering Wind. So Eliz. Weeden, the Midwife, brought 
the Infant to the third Church when Sermon was about 
half done in the afternoon, Mr. Thacher preaching. After 
Sermon and Prayer, Mr. Thacher prayed for Capt. Scot- 
tow's Cousin and it. Then I named him John, and Mr. 
Thacher baptized him into the name of the Father, Son, 
and H. Ghost. The Lord give the Father and Sou may 



1677.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 41 

be convinced of and washed from Sin in the blood of 

Christ. 

April 9, morn, hot and gloomy with scattered Clouds: 
about 11 o'clk there fell a considerable Storm of Hail, after 
that it thundered a pretty while. The Child . . . 

April 4z^^ was at the l^^^ Meeting, kept at our house m 
the little Hall, because of my wives weakness. Mr. Scottow 
spoke to Is. 27. 9. prin. 

April 11 Stormy, blustering fore part, left raining a lit- 
tle before night. Went to the 16*^ Meeting at B. Easts, 
where Br. Edward Allen and John Hay ward spake to John 
6. 57, which was very Suitable for me, and I hope God did 
me some good at that meeting as to my Love to Christ. 
We heard after of the Slaughter of some persons at York 
by the Indians, among whom was Isaac Smith, who went 
thether about boards. This is Isaac Smith of Win- 
nesiiiiet. 

April 9, 1677. Seth Shove began to goe to School to 
Mr. Smith. April 18. My Father-in-Law and I went on 
foot to Dorchester, so were not at the Meeting. 'Twas a 
cold blustering day, as the last of March, and ahnost all this 
month has been very cold. Mr. Adams at Supper told of 
his wife beins; brouo-lit to bed of a Son about three weeks 
before, whom he named Eliphelet. 

April 25. even. Mr. Gershom and Nehemiah Ilobart 
gave me a visit. 

April 27, Friday. Hannah Henchman and Susannah 
Everenden with two Eastern women taken into Church. 
Warm fair wether these two dayes. April 28. Consider- 
able Claps of Thunder. 

April 28, 1677. Mr. Moody was here, he told me that 
Mr. Parker dyed last Tuesday, and was buried on Thorsday. 
Mr. Hubbard preached his funeral Sermon. The Lord 
give me grace to follow my dear Master as he followed 
Christ, that I may at last get to heaven whether he has 
already gone. 



42 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1677. 

April 30. "Went to Mr. Oakes, carried him 50^, dis- 
coursed largely with him concerning my temptations : he 
exhorted me to study the Doctrine of Xt. well, to read 
Dr. Goodwin. Spake to him of the Doctor's death : he 
told me that he died of a Cough and Cold which he caught 
standing in the cold after being hot in going from the Ferry. 
Told me 'twas not safe to conceive a resemblance of Xt. 
in ones mind any more than to picture him. Read to me 
occasionally part of his Sermon yesterday, wherein he 
amply proved the confirmation and gathering together in 
a head the elect Angels in Xt. Heb. 12. 22, 33 : cum 
mult is cdiis. 

Note. [May Training No date] I went out this morning 
without private prayer and riding on the Comon, thinking 
to escape the Souldiers (because of my fearfull' Horse) ; 
notwithstanding there was a Company at a great distance 
which my Horse Avas so transported at that I could no way 
govern him, but was fain to let him go full speed, and hold 
my Hat under my Arm. The wind was Norwest, so that 
I sujDpose I took great cold in my ear thereby, and also 
by wearing a great thick Coat of my Fathers part of tlie 
day, because it rained, and then leaving it off. However 
it was, I felt my throat ill, the danger of which I tliought 
had been now over with the winter, and so neglected it too 
much, relapsed, and grew very sick of it from Friday to 
Monday following, which was the worst day : after that it 
mended. Mr. Mather visited me and prayed on that 
day. 

May 5, Saturday : Mr. Gillam arrived from the Streights. 
May 9, Mr. Tanner arrived from London, wherein came 
Mr. Thacher wdio brought news of the death of Mr. George 
Alcock, he dyed of the Pocks : also Mr. Thacher and his 
Sister Davenport were here. 

May 15. Mr. Anderson's Vessel Arrived ; as for him- 
self, he dyed yesterday about 4 of the clock. T. j^omer. 
[i.e., temjiore jjost meridiano.^ 



1675.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 43 

May 16, went to the 17*^ Meeting at B. Hills, where B. 
Tapin and Cousin Savage spake to Heb. 10. 24. 

May 30, went to the 18"^ Meeting at Mr. Wings, where 
Mr. Thacher spake to the 4 last verses of 92 Psal. 

June 4. Went to Plimouth. June 6. Returned. 

Jane 13.' Went to the 19'^ Meeting at B. Williams, 
where G. Needham and my Father spake to Ps. 119. 11. 

June 17. Sabbath day about 7 m, John Sewall had a 
Convulsion Fit. He was asleep in the Cradle, and suddenly 
started, trembled, his fingers contracted, his eyes starting 
and being distorted. I went to Mr. Brackenbury, and 
thence to Charlestown, and set him to the child. 

June the nineteenth he had another about noon. 

June 21, 1677. Just at the end of the Sermon (it made 
Mr. Allen break off the more abruptly) one Torrey, of 
Eoxbury, gave a suddain and amazing cry which disturbed 
the whole Assembly. It seems he had the falling sickness. 
Tis to be feared the Quaker disturbance and this are ominous. 

July 8, 1677. New Meeting House [the third, or South] 
Mane : In Sermon time there came in a female Quaker, 
in a Canvas Frock, her hair disshevelled and loose like a 
Periwigg, her face as black as ink, led by two other Qua- 
kers, and two other followed. It occasioned the greatest 
and most amazing uproar that I ever saw. Isaiah I. 12, 14. 

Wednesday May 19, 1675. [so dated] that place of the 
1 Sam. l-j. 26. came to my mind (as I came down froui 
my Brother.) which gave me great comfort, especially for 
that presently after reading Mr. Carjl on course, I found 
it there ])arenthetically paraphrased. Thursday, May 20. 
relieved Ijy reading what he saith on the same verse, about 
limiting God in works of Spiritual Mercy, p. 257. 

1 " 1G77. A[.ril 21, o. Dear Mr Parker dyed; 2iitli, buried 

}*Iay 5,7. Cillam «/);;«/(>. Otli, i. Tanner o/^'w/'V [arrived]. 

!■'), 3. liolii-rt Anderson appn/it 
June 12, 3. Gooilni. Adams. 15, (], Gerrisli. 11 t'-i 2-j, Ex- 
treme liot -sveatlier, person much adoe to live." 
Almanacs. — Eds. 



44 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [167^. 

Note : Wednesday Decemb. 29. '75 Mr. Rejner came 
hether in the even. Lodged with me. Upon enquiry he 
told me that one might not resolve to forsake such and such 
sins by reason of a jealousy that one should fall into the 
same again. He liimself had experienced this, feared that 
he was not willing, because not resolved, till he saw it was 
through a foresight of the effects of his corrupt nature 
and infirmity. 

May 23, 1676. Fast at Mr. Gibbs for Mr. Thacher. 
24, he grows better, having taken reasonable [medicine 
for] health. N. B. Being distressed with melancholy and 
troubled concerning my State — I was relieved by Mr. 
Willards Sermon, especially at two places quoted, Ps. 16. 
ULT quoted for the latter part, which I (having a Bible) 
turned to and saw the bei^-innino; : I will shew thee the 
path of life. Jude 5. 24. Comfort against falling away. 

Oct. 22. Musing at Noon and troubled at my untoward- 
ness in worship, God, he holp me to pray. Come, Lord 
Jesus, come quickly to put me into a better frame, taking 
possession of me. Troubled that I could love Xt. no 
more, it came into my mind that Xt. had exhibited him- 
self to be seen in the Sacrament, the Lords Supper, and I 
conceived that my want of Love was, that I could see Xt. 
no more clearly. Vid. Mr. Thacher Dec. 10. 2*' Answer 
to the objection under the 2'^ Reason. Vid. Mr. Shepard, 
Dec. 15. Use 3. Vid. Mr. Thacher, Dec' 17. Direction 9. 
which I am sure was spoken to me. The Lord set it home 
efficaciously by his Spirit, that I may have the perfect 
Love which casts out fear. 

Jan. 13, 16 7 f-. Giving my chickens meat, it came to 
my mind that I gave them nothing save Indian corn and 
w^ater, and yet they eat it and thrived very well, and tliat 
that food was necessarj^ for them, how mean soever, which 
much affected me and convinced what need I stood in of 
spiritual food, and that I should not nauseat daily duties 
of Prayer, &c. 



16Tf ] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 45 

Jan. 22. Went to Mr. Thachers, found him at home, 
mentioned my desire of communion with his Church, re- 
hearsed to him some of my discouragements, as, continu- 
ance in Sin, wandering in prayer. He said 'twas thought 
that was the Sin Paul speaks of, Rom. VII. At my coming 
away said he thought I ought to be encouraged. 

Feb. 15. Having been often in my mind discouraged 
from joining to the Church by reason of the weakness, or 
some such undesirableness in many of its members : I was 
much reheved by the consideration of 1 Cor. 1. 26, 27. 
which came to my mind as I was at prayer. What is 
spoken there was set home on me, to take away my pride 
and be content with God's wisdom : thought it might seem 
to uncovenanted reason foolishness. 

Having often been apt to break out against God himself 
as if he had made me a person that might be a fit subject 
of calamity, and that he led me into difficulties and per- 
plexing miseries ; I had my spirit calmed by considering 
what an absurd thing it was to say to God — " Why hast 
thou made me thus ?," and startled at the darino; heierht 
of such wickedness. These thoughts had reference to 
Isaiah XLV. 9, 10. This was at prayer time, Feb. 19. 
Mane. Death never looked so pleasingly on me as Feb. 18 
upon the hearing of Mr. Tliachers 3 Arguments. Me- 
thought it was rather a privilege to dye, and therein be 
conformed to Christ, than, remaining alive at his coming, 
to be changed. 

Mar. 1. Was somewhat relieved by what John read 
occasionally out of Antipologia,^ concerning the unwar- 
rantable excuse that some make for not comini]^ to the 
Sacrament : viz. unworthiness. 

Mar. 15, even. Was holp affectionately to argue in 

^ In 1643, tlie Independents publislied an " Apologetical Narration." It 
was answered by Mr. Edwards (author of the '• Gangr;i?na ''), minister of 
Christ Church, London, in an " Antapologia." Xeal, Ilist. Pur., Part III. 
Ch. 4. — Eds. 



46 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [167| 

prayer the promise of being heard because asking in 
Christ's name. 

March 19, 167f Accidentally going to look about the 
woman of Cana, Mr. Chaimcey's Sermons on her, I at 
first dash turned to that Sermon of the 7"' and 14 
March. 

March 21. Mane. God holp me affectionately to pray 
for a communication of his Spirit in attending on him at 
Dorchester, and the night before I read the 9"' and 10"' of 
Nehemiah, out of which Mr. Mather happened to take his 
Text, which he handled to good purpose, and more taking 
it was with me because 1 had perused those chapters for 
my fitting to attend on that exercise. Mr. Flint prayed 
admirably in the morn, & pressed much our inaljility to 
keep Covenant with God, and therefore begged God's 
Spirit. Mr. Thacher began the afternoon : then Mr. Flint 
preached and so concluded. 

March 167f. Note. I have been of along time loth to 
enter into strict Bonds with God, the sinfullness and 
hypochrisy of which God hath showed me by reading of 
a Sermon that Mr. Burgess preached before the House of 
Coiiions, Nov. 17, 1G40, and by the forementioned Ser- 
mons and prayers. Omnia in honum mihi vertas, 
Dei(S. I found the Sermon accidentally in Mr. Norton's 
Study. 

Remember, since I had thoughts of joining to the 
Church, I have been exceedingly tormented in my mind, 
sometimes lest the Third church [the South] should not 
be in God's way in breaking off from the old. (I resolved 
to speak with Mr. Torrey about that, but he passed home 
when I was called to buisincss at the Warehouse. Another 
time I got Mr. Japheth Hobart to promise me a jNIeeting 
at our House after Lecture, — but she that is now his wife, 
being in town, prevented him.) Sometimes with my own 
unfitness and want of Grace : yet through importunity of 
friends, and hope that God might communicate himself to 



1677.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 47 

me in the ordinance, and because of my child (then hoped 
for) its being baptised, I offered myself, and was not 
refused. Besides what I had written, when I was speak- 
ing [at his admission to the Church] I resolved to con- 
fess what a great Siiler I had been, but going on in 
the method of the Paper, it came not to my mind. And 
now that Scruple of the Church vanished, and I began 
to be more afraid of myself. And on Saturday Good- 
man Walker^ came in, who used to be very familiar 
with me. But he said nothing of my coming into the 
Church, nor wished God to show me grace therein, at 
which I was almost overwhelmed, as thinking that he 
deemed me unfit for it. And I could hardly sit down to 
the Lord's Table. But I feared that if I went away I 
might be less fit next time, and thought that it would be 
strange for me who was just then joined to the Church, 
to withdraw, wherefore I stayed. But I never experienced 
more unbelief. I feared at least that I did not believe 
there was such an one as Jesus Xt., and yet was afraid 
that because I came to the ordinance without belief, that 
for the al)use of Xt. I should be stricken dead ; yet I had 
some earnest desires that Xt. would, before the ordinance 
were done, though it were when he was just going awny, 
give me some glimpse of himself ; but I perceived none. 
Yet I seemed then to desire the coming of the next Sacra- 
ment day, that I might do better, and was stirred up liereby 
dreadfully to seek God who many times before had touched 
my heart by Mr. Thacher's praying and preaching more 
than now. The Lord pardon my former grieving of his 
Spirit, and circumcise my heart to love him with all my 
heart and soul. 

[Here closes Volume T. of the Journal.] 



^ This was probably Robert Walker, of Boston, wliose afiitlavit. takon in 
1G79 (printed in N. E. Ilist.-Gen. Regi.'^ter, Vfl. 40), states that Ik- knew 
Henry Sewall in ^Manchester, England, and that bis only sun was Ileury S., 
of Xewbury (father of Samuel). — Eds. 



48 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1677-9. 

[It will be noted that the last few pages contain items not in regu- 
lai' course. It has seemed best to add in this place all the entries in 
the interleaved Almanacs before mentioned. Sewall was in the habit 
of making these brief entries in his Almanacs, to be afterward ex- 
panded in his Journal.] 

1677. Sept. 12, 4 [day of the week]. Legg appidit [arrived]. 

16, 1. Eliezer Danford arrives. 19, 4, Hat- 
field. 23,1. Sam. Bridgham. 24,M.G.J.S. 

Oct. 20, 7. Capt. S. Mosely. 31, 4. Dorchester. 

Dec. 14, 6. T. Smith. 21. Shephard. 
1677-8. Jan'y 17, 4. Brackenbury. 22, 3. Dorchester. 

1678. May 3, Frid. "Welcome arrived from London. 
— 23. Johnson and Knott arrived. 

11, 3. Sam. Sewall hiatus. 16, 1. Haptizatus. 
23, 6. Watch begins to be warned out of my pre- 
cincts. 
Nov. 9,7. Mr. Jno. Noyes dies. 10. Buried. E. Thm-s- 

ton dies. Teste Sarah Noyes. 
Dec. 15, 1. Returned to my own bed after my sickness of 
the Small Pox, 
1678-9. Jan. 18, 7. Visit Public Houses. 
Feb. 15, 7. Visit Public Houses. 
March 16, 1. Governour Leverett dieth. 25, 3. Is buried. 

1679. [On back of title of Almanac.^] 
Sim Bradstreet 1216 
Dan. Gookiu 1051 
Dan. Denison 1127 
Tho. Dan forth 1217 
Wm. Hawthorn 796 

Esqs. ( Jno. Pynchon 1195 

Edw. f yng 1146 

Wm. Stoughton 1174 

Jos. Dudley 1189 

Peter Bulkley 1118 

Nath. Saltonstall 954 

^ This undoubtedly represents the vote for the governineut. Bradstreet 
was chosen governor; Danforth, deputy- govern or; and ten Assistants out of 
the first thirteen names; i.e., through II. Davie and omitting T. Clark. 
Hutchinson (I. 32G) mentions, that in tliis very year the King's Letter re- 
quired tlie Colony to appoint the charter number of eighteen Assistants, as 
the practice had become fixed to choose only eight or ten. This was obeyed 
in the following year. — Eds.] 



Tho. Clark 


443 


Humph. Davie 


577 


Tho. Savage 


530 


Jno. Hall 


467 


Lauren c Ilainond 


405 


Rob. Pike 


281 


Jno. Woodbridge 


231 


1679 




Apr. 8. 




Jno. Leverett 


1203 



1679-82.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 49 >/" 

[1679. Mch. 18, 3. Const. Collation deferred. 
April 15, 3. Perambulation. 

1679. April 30. Hanah Hitte. 

June 12, 5. Laurenc Oakes dyes at night of the Small 
Pocks. 

24, 3. Miss Mary Adams dyed. 

25, 4. Mr. Samll. Haugh dyed S. S. C. 
July 10, Balston ar. 

1679-80. Fob. 3,3. Hannah Sewall born. 8th, baptzd. - 

1680. Aug. 24, 3. His Excellency, Thomas, Lord Culpeper, 

Baron of Thorsway, Gov. of Virginia, came to 
Boston. Lord Culpeper, Dorchester. [His 
title was Baron Colepeper of Thoresway, 
CO. Lincoln, and he d. s. p. m. in 1688.] 
Sept. 16. Sergt. Wait. 

19. Marthah Clark, widow, 85 years old. 

23, 5. Dorch. Elder Bowld occidltur a curru. 

[This means undoubtedly Elder John 
Bowles of Roxbury.] 
1680-1. Jan. 11. D. Lawson. 

10. Charles River frozen over, so to Nod[dles] 
Island. 
Feb. 28. Coragious South wind breaks the ice between 
Boston and DorcM Neck. Hath been a 
very severe winter for snow and a constant 
continuance of cold weather ; such as most 
affirm hath not been for many yeers. 

1681. July 28. Barrett arrives. 

Sept. 9, 6. Alitor John Foster obit. [Evidently the Dor- 
chester school-master '• that made the then 
Seal or Arras of the Colony, namely an In- 
dian with a Bow and Arrow, &c.," as Blake's 
Annals inform us. It was in a copy of the 
Almanac "by John Foster, Astrophil,''^ that 
Sewall was writing, and he notes down 
" The Author Dyed^Scpt. 9. 1681." Several 
of the Almanacs are marked " ex dono Au- 
thoris:''\ 
1681-2. Feb. 14, 3. Major Savage dyes, Rox. 

1682. July 12, 4. Wm. Taylour, Merc. exit. 
July 22, 7. Col. Robert Richbell. 

Aug. 17, 5. Blazing St[ar.] 23, 4. Seen in evening, 
plain.] 

4 



60 MARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1682-4. 

[ — 21, 2. The Rev. Mr. Isaac Foster buried. [A class- 
mate of Sewall.] 
Nov. 9, 5. Doma Brattle aufugit. [Mrs. Brattle dies. 
See p. 56.] 
28, 3. Sliip cast away, 7 men of 13 lost. 
Dec. 5, 3. Gov. Cranfield. 20, 4. Fast at Mr. Mather's. 
30. Mr. Joseph Pynchon dyes. 
1682-3. Jan'yl2, 6. Landlady, Jane P'issende dyes. Bur'd. 16,3. 
(Tuesday.) 
17, 4. Mr. T. Weld, Roxb. dyes. Buried 19tb, 6. 
25. Fast, 0[ld] Meet[ing] House. 

Flocks of Pigeons are seen this month at New- 
bury. 
1682-3. Feb. 2, 6. Edw. Dudley F. 6. 3. Calf Braintrey. 

[The Almanac for 1683 is by Cotton Mather, 
printed by S. G. for S. S., i.e. Samuel Green 
for Samuel Sewall. In it is written, " the last 
half sheet was Printed with my Letters at 
Boston. S. S." The last four leaves of the 
Almanac are in different type, which explains 
this reference.] 

1683. Aug. 14, 3. My father watched his last. 

1684. [Items in two Almanacs.] 

Mch 27, 5. Jack, Negro. 22,7. An extraordinary high tide. 
May 6,3. Commissioners Court. June 10, 3. Henry Pease. 
June 21, 7. Thos. Powes drowned. 

July 2, 4. Praeses obit. [Prest. John Rogers of Harvard.] 
Sepultus est July 3d. 
The President dies July 2d, just as the sun 
gets from being eclipsed. 
/ July 8, 3. Hull Sewall natus. 

22, 3. Special Court of Assistants. 

30, 4. Mr. Nath. Gookin. 

Oct. 2, 5. Mr. Philip Jones buried. 8, 4. Clark arrives. 

18, 7. Gardener arrives. 20, 2. Foy arrives. 

Nov. 8, 7. Dom Wade Sepidt. est. 15, 7. Jolls Belcher. 

18, 3. Mohetabel. 19, 4. Capt. Johnson obit. 

Nov. 25, Tues. A very high tide, begun to run into our 

Cellar. Filled C. Hills. 
Dec. 4, 5. Capt. Berry sails. 

[The Almanac for 1685 begins with an entry 
in regard to the deputies, which is copied into 
the Journal and stands in the text.] 



1673-7.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 51 

[Having had an opportunity to examine certain notes upon the 
preceding portion of the Diary, prepared by the late Rev. Samuel 
Sewnll, of Burlington, Mass., the custodian of the MSS. for so many 
years, the editors have judged proper to make the following extracts 
therefrom.] 

On p. 2, line 2. " Herboord's Physick." Mr. Sewall notes that it 
was probably the book entered on the " College Catalogue," of 
1790, under Metaphysics, — " Heerboord, (Adrian) Meletemata phi- 
losophica, 4to. Ams. 1665," 

P. 2, line 16. " Mr. Gookin." A reference is made to N. E. Hist, 
and Gen. Reg., lY. 79, where was printed an extract from the " Col- 
lege Book," Xo. 3, to the effect that, " Xovemb. 5, 1673, Sr Sewall 
was chosen fellow and together with Mr Daniel Gookin, installed 
before the overseers, Novemb. 26." 

P. 3, line 25. In addition to our footnote, we may give Mr, Sew- 
alFs opinion, tliat, at this interview with Mr. Cakes, the diarist 
expressed his intention of resigning his fellowship, as Joseph Brown 
and John Richardson had done the year before, and Dr. Cakes feared 
that it would be attributed to his influence. 

P. 4, last line but one. " Sir Weld commonplaced." Mr. Sewall 
writes that '' commonplacing" denotes the reducing and treating of 
topics of theology, philosophy, &c., under certain common ])laces or 
general heads, and is recognized as follows in " Laws, Liberties, and 
Orders of Harvard College," 1642-46, as an exercise expected at cer- 
tain times of Resident Bachelors as well as So])hislers among the 
undergraduates. " No. 5. And all Sophisters and Bachelors (until 
themselves make common place) shall publicly repeat sermons in the 
Hall, whenever they are called forth." 

Mr. Sewall also says that the title " Sir," until within the memory 
of the last generation, was given to one who had taken his degree aa 
BaclR'lor until he took his degree of Master, when his style became 
"j\Ir." The same custom prevailed in P^ngland. 

P. 5, line 4 from bottom. " Summoned to wait on the Court." Ref- 
erence is here made to the Col. Rec, V. 20, wlierein is printed the 
order of the General Court in this matter. 

P. 0, line 19. " Goodman Cheny. Xic. Fissenden." Here ^Ir. 
Sewall refers to "Book of the Lockes," p. 313, and thus enables 
us to add to the footnote on p. 5. It seems by Locke, that Nicholas 
Fessenden married Margaret Cheney, and had a child born July, 
1676. Hence his wife may well be ^Margaret, daughter of Thomas 
Cheney, of Cambridge, born November,' 1656, who had a brother 
Thomas. The Cheneys would thus be comiected with the bride, 
Hannah Fessenden. Jan. ] 8, 1688-89, Judge Sewall notes: " Ar-] 



52 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1673-7. 

[rived at Canterbury, visited Aunt Fissenden, her son John, and 
daughters Mary, Elizabeth and Jane." This may imply a previous 
connection between the Sewalls and Fessendens in England. 

P. 13, line 20. Mr. Willard's lecture. Mr. Sewall notes that this 
was not the famous Boston Thursday Lecture, but a stated monthly 
lectui-e at the Third, or South, Church, delivered on the Wednesday 
preceding Communion Sunday, every fourth week. 

P. 13, line 21. " Mr. Woodrop," &c. Mr. Sewall reads these names, 
" Hobart, Ger. Nehem." meaning Rev. Gershom and Rev. Nehemiah 
Hobart, both sons of Rev. Peter H., of Hingham. He adds, the next 
three were probably Sewall's classmates, Samuel Phips, Rev. Thomas 
Weld, and Rev. Edward Taylor, — the latter name being wrongly 
read by the transcriber (all this being an old copy of a lost original) 
as Faild. This seems the more probable, as Savage records no such 
surname as P^aild ; and the nearest approach to it, Fales, is not prom- 
inent on our records till later. 

P. 16. Timothy Dwight and his uncle Eliot. On this point, Mr. 
Sewall says he has discovered nothing. We take the opportunity, 
however, to record the result of our later searches. It seems certain 
that this Timothy Dwight was that son of Captain Timothy Dwight, 
of Dedham, who was born Nov. 26, 1654, was a goldsmith in Boston, 
and d. s. j)- in 1691. (Dwight Genealogy, I. 105.) From the ref- 
erence here, on p. 31, line 16, and p. 38, line 18, Ave conclude that 
Timothy was an apprentice of Hull's, and lived in the house, as did 
John Alcock. 

Captain Timothy Dwight, of Dedham, married, for his second wife 
(he had six), Sarah Powell, who was the mother of our Timothy. 
It has been already shown (N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, XXIX. 25), 
that Deacon Jacob Eliot married Mary Powell, widow of William 
Wilcox. Mrs. Eliot was, therefore, aunt of Timothy Dwight, being 
his mother's sister. Both were undoubtedly the children of Michael 
Powell, of Boston, as the following will of Michael's widow shows : 
Suff. Wills, VI. 190, will of Abigail Powell, widow, dated March 4, 1677, 
gives to her four daughters, Abigail Ilowlett, Elizabeth Ilollings- 
worth, Dorothy Perry and Margaret Howard, each £50. To Joseph 
Elliot, eldest son of Dea, Jacob E., £20. To Timothy Dwite, eldest 
son of Timothy D., of Dedham, £20. To Michael Perry, £5, to 
Samuel Ilowlett, £5, Son-in-law Anthony Howard and Seth Perry, 
exec"." ; four daughters residuary legatees. 

As Mrs. Eliot was alive, we may fairly conclude that she and Mrs. 
Dwight were PowelTs daughters by a previous wife. 

But our Timothy undoubtedly came into the Hull connection in 
another way. His father was then living with his third wife, Anna] 



1679.] 



DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



53 



[Flynt, who was niece of Edmund Quincy, Hull's brother-in-law and 
step-brother. The evidently close connection between Hull and 
Quincy would account for Dwight's employment. 

P. 34, line 25. "Mr. Josson." This name should be Jesson. 

P. 46, line 5 from bottom. " Japheth Hobart." Mr. Sewall notes 
that Savage says that Hobart went to England before 1670, intending 
to go to the East Indies, and was never heard of; an^ that this state- 
ment does not agree well with the text. 



[The following notes in regard to setting the watch are found at 
the end of the first volume of Sewall's Diary, and are printed as giv- 
ing valuable information not to be found on the town records. 

This South Company was that of Captain John Hull. In the First 
Repprt of the Record Commissioners of Boston, published by the 
City Government in 1877, there are tax lists of 1676 and 1G81. This 
list of 1679 covers a different year, and may be compared Avith that 
printed on p. 75 of the Report. — Eds.] 

A list of Persons belonging to the South Company of Boston 
liable to "VVatch themselves, or by their money to procure Watchmen ; 
as they were marshalled by the Lieutenant and myself Ocf 13. 1679, 
in two lists, that each Clark might have half and warn no more at 
one turn. 

1679 Clark Vergoose his List. 



1 ^ 



Corp" RajTisford 
Edward Ellis 
Jonathan Wales 
John Howen 
Francis Smith 
- Jno. Brandon W™ Middleton 

Jn» Baker 
James Jn^son 
Alexander Baker 
Josiah Baker 
Tho. Pritchet 
Wid. Goose 

Samuel ]Mason 
James Liudon 
Jn° Sibly 
Tho. riimly 
Digory Sargent 
, Jane Bernard 



5^ 



Sergt Jn° Pell 
Tho Paddy 
Jn° Balston 
Richard Keats 
Roger Burgess 
Xic Xeal 

Sergt Jno Bull 
Tho Hill 
Wdi King 
Tho Gent 
Charles Perry 
Dan" Gent 

James Town.send 

Alex'- Bogle 
Jos. Holms juu' 

^^'l"_ obisoii 

Tho Ruiiily 
, Abel Porter.] 



64 



DIARr OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



ri679. 



[7 



' Joseph Wheeler 
Peter Wyer 
Jos AVaiTen 
Tho Thurston 
Eben Danforth 

L Eliza Till 



Jno Holman 
Win Goddard 
jn° Hurd 
Jos Hurd 
Benj Smith 
Prudence Morse 



Daniel Quinsey 
Samuel Clark 
Jn° Newman 
Matthias Smith 
Joseph Brisco 
Elenour Evans 

For the better Inspection of the several "Watches, and the four 
several Guards in this Town of Boston. It is Ordered, Agreed and 
Concluded by the Committee of Militia for the said Town, tliat the 
eight Foot Company es by their Commission Officers and Serjants 
(being seven in each Company) or for want thereof, or by reason of 
any other hindrance, a Sufficient Supply be made at the discretion 
of the rest of the Officers of said Company : Also the Officers of the 
Troop that live in tlie Town (eight) or for want thereof to be sup- 
plyed of their Troopers, as abovesaid : Which said Sixty four Men 
shall each in their respective turn as hereafter mentioned take unto 
them one or two more that live in tlie Precincts of their own Com- 
pany who shall walk every Night (in their several Turn) throwout 
the Town in every Quarter, and shall take Inspection of the several 
Guards and Watches, how they are managed, and give such Direc- 
tions as to them shall seem meet for the better discharge of their 
Duty according to Law, Taking the care and cliarge of all the 
W^atches in the Town in their respective nights ; Who shall march 
with an Half Pike witlx a fair head, by which he may be known to 
be the Commander of the Watch, and in the morning leave the same 
with him whoes Turn is next, which shall be accounted a sufficient 
Warning or notice to tlie next Commander to take his Turn. 

Have entered the Order of the South Company onely. 



This is conceived to 
be the best Method 
for regulating of the 
Watch that hath been 
hetherto agreed on 

1 Sergt. 

2 

3 

4 



u 


4 






















.o 










u 




o 


is 


>, 


>, 


"S. 


O 


" 


f5 


<, 


■-J 


K 


24 


27 


1 


4 


7 


9 


25 


28 


2 


5 


8 


10 


26 


29 


3 


6 


9 


11 



Trooper preceding IMi'. 
Saffin 

Commanders 

Capt Jolm Hull 

Lieutenant 

Ensigne 

4 Sergants 

Trooper Arthur Mason.] 



1680.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 55 

[The order of the several Persons watching in the several Nights 
is to be as above expressed, and the time to begin is this night fol- 
lowing Monday Sept 6. 1680, which is Agreed by the Committee 
of Militia, as doth Attest Thomas Savage, Clai-k of the said Com- 
mittee. 

An extract of the Major's warrant, dated Aug. 19, 1680 : — 

Impress twenty able Souldiers two of them Carpenters, all well 
Armed with fixed fire-lock Arms — one pound of Powder, 3 pounds 
of Shot, for Service of the Country at Cas(io Bay ; to appear at the 
Town House at 12 of the Clock the 24^ Instant, 

Proportioned the Men at the Town House, Captains meeting, or 
some of them 



1 Major Clark 3 

2 Major Savage 3 

3 Capt. Hudson 3 

4 Capt Henchman 2 

5 Capt Richards 3 



6 Lieut Pen Townsend 2 

7 Capt Hull 2 

8 Capt Hutchinson 2 

20 



Had one from Muddy River ; and Joshua Atwater offered himself 
to us as Volunteer; so furnished him with Arms; but his carriage 
was such formerly and now, that he was dismissed, 

Monday, April 18, 1681, Capt John Hull gave Andrew Gardener 
of Muddy Rivei", his Halbert in Token of his having constituted him 
a Serjant ; and declared him (as to his Place) to be the Second ; viz 
1 Jno Bull 2. Andrew Gardener ; 3 John Pell ; 4 Solomon Rainsford, 
This was done in the Evening, after Training, in the little Hall, 
present Lieutenant, Eusigne, Serjents, Corporal Odlin, Clarks, Drum- 
mers. 

The Ceremony of delivering a Ilalbert having been a gooil while 
since been performed to the three Serjants, and not to Serjant Gar- 
dener, some began to mutter that Serjant Gardener was none, and 
some, that 'twas not intended he should be any : and none knew what 
his place was. Now said Gardener was made a Corporal of the 
South Company when W- Hudson Captain, on the same day with 
our Lieut. Frary and Ensigue Thurston ; and he hath proved con- 
stant and diligent ; wherefore 'twas agi'ced on as mentioned p. ( ) ; 
though Serjt Gardener disabled himself, modestly and earnestly de- 
sireing to have the 4th place, according to the date of the Cereniony. 



Since there is a gap in this Diar}-, from July, 1G77, to ]\[arch, 
1084-85, caused by the loss or disappearance of one or more volumes, 
it may be well to remind the reader that John Hull, SewalTs father- 
in-law, kept a similar record, which ends Sept. 2U, 1 082. This] 



56 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1673-80. 

[record, which embraced a private and a general diary, was published 
in Vol. III. of the "Transactions of the American Antiquarian 
Society," in 1857. We copy from the private or personal record 
a few items relating to Sewall : — 

1673-6, "Feb. 28, being Monday, Mr. Broadstreet married my 
daughter Hannah to Samuel Sewall, in the 
evening." 
1677 " 2d, 2d, being Monday, at ten o'clock at night, my grand- 
child, John Sewall, Avas safely born into the 
world." 
1678. " T'-'ne 4, on the third day of the week, in the morning, 
half an hour before six o'clock, Samuel 
Sewall Avas safely born." 
1678. " Sept. 10, John Sewall had a vomiting, continuing that day 
and the night following, and then taken with 
convulsion fits, — about seventeen sore fits. 
He died about twelve o'clock, before the 
12th of September." 
1679-80. " Hannah Sewall was safely born into the world, being 
the third day of the week, about midnight." 
" Elizabeth Sewall Avas safely born into the Avorld, Dec. 
29, 1G81, a little after four o'clock in the 
afternoon." 
John Hull died Oct. 1, 168.3, leaving a AvidoAv, Judith, Avho lived 
till 1695. 

The folloAving items respecting ScAvall's life during this period 
having been gathered- from various sources : — 

March 30, 1677, he joined the (Old) South Church in Boston. 

May, 1678, he Avas made a freeman. 

March 10, 1678-79, he Avas appointed by the toAvn of Boston one 
of perambulators of bounds for Muddy River, now Brookline. 

In December, 1680, Hull Avrites to a correspondent, "I haA-e re- 
ceived your glasses and hats, and have obtained my son-in-laAV, Samuel 
Sewall to take your consignment of them. He hath sold" a part, &c} 

1 Although Sewall's Diary is lacking for the period 1677-85, it Avould 
seem as if some part of it bad been known quite recently. In the notes to 
Hull's Diary, as printed, p. 278, is tbe following, given as an extract from 
the Diary of Samuel Sewall : — 

" Thursday, Xov. 9, 1082. Daniel Quincey married Mrs. Anna Shepard, 
before John Hull, Esq. Samuel Xowell, Es(], and many persons present, — 
almost Capt Brattle's great hall full. Mr. Willard began Avith prayer; Mr. 
T. Shepard concluded. As he was praying, Cousin Savage, my mother Hull,] 



1681-3] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 57 

[Colony Kec, V. 323, Oct. 12, 1681 : « Mr. Samuel Seawall, at the 
instance of some friends, with respect to the accommodation of the 
publicke, being prevailed with to undertake the management of 
the printing press in Boston, late under the improvement of Mr. 
John Foster, deceased, liberty is accordingly granted to him for the 
same by this Court, and none may presume to sett up any other 
presse without the like liberty first granted." 

Dec. 26, 1681. Samuel Sewall was surety on the town's book for 
Samuel Green, printer, and his family, that they should not be 
chargeable to the town. (Boston Records.) 

March 13, 1682-83, he was appointed by the town, with John Saffin, 
Anthony Checkley, and the seven Selectmen, a committee to draw 
up instructions for its deputies to the General Court. This was, of 
course, an important trust. Aug. 31, 1683, he was chosen one of the 
seven Commissioners of the town to assess rates. 

Oct. 10, 1683 (Rec, V. 418), "It is ordered, that the Tresurer of 
the county, as soon as can, satisfy and pay in mony to Mr. Samuel 
Seawall tenn pounds seventeen shillings, for printing Mr. Samuel 
Torreys sermon at the last election." 

The new edition of Thomas's "History of Printing" contains the 
titles of some ten pamphlets printed for Sewall. 

Sept. 12, 1684, the following order was passed (Col. Rec, Y. 452) : 
*' Whereas, at a session of the Generall Court in October, 1681, this 
Court was pleased to intrnst Mr. Samuel Sewall with the manage- 
ment of the printing press in Boston, lately under the improvement 
of Mr. John Foster, deceased, and whereas, by the providence of 
God, Mr, Seawall is rendered unable to attend the same, he judging 
it reasonable to acquaint this honnoured Court therewith, desiring 
that he may be freed from any obligation unto duty respecting that 
affaire, with thankfull acknowledgments of the liberty then granted. 
The Court grants the request above mentioned." 

Nov. 7, 1683, his name appears on the roll of the General Court, 
as a deputy from Westfield, a town in Hampshire County, which 
John Hull represented in 1674. 

my wife and myself, came in. A j;ood space after, when we had eaten cake 
and drunk wine and beer plentifully, we are called into the hall again to sing. 
In singing-time, iNIrs. Brattle goes out, being ill. INIost of the company go 
away, thinking it a fit. But she grows worse, speaks not a word, and so 
dies away in her chair. And the strangeness and horror of the thing fills 
the (just now) joyous house with sorrow and ejulation." 

This account is repeated in Harris's Genealo,g}- of the Brattles, with a few 
additions; but we have been imable to trace either version to the original. — 
Ens.] 



68 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1683-4. 

[Dec. 5, 1683 (Col. Rec, V. 426) : « Upon complaint of Leiftenant 
Fraiy, that their company is under much discouragement, by reason 
of the removing of Mr. Sewall from them to command another com- 
pany, and other inconveniences arising thereby, this Court judgeth it 
meete to recall that former order, and doe appoint Mr. Samuel Seawall 
captaine of that company belonging to Capt. John Hull, and Mr. 
Frary to remain leiftenant of that company as formerly." 



The two following letters, written by Sewall in the years during 
which his Journal fails us, are here reprinted from the Mass. Hist. 
Society's Collections, 4th Series, Vol. viii. p. 516-7 : — 

For the Reverend Mr, Increase 3Iather, in Boston. 

BosTOx, March 23, 1682-3. 
Honoured Sir, — H you think it not inconvenient, I have some 
thoughts what if I should print the Colledgo-Laws ? that so every 
student admitted may have a fair Admittatur to keep p"" him, 
in memory of his Admission. I know that to avoid writing out a 
copy,^ many borrow Laws to present at their Admission, w])ich they 
are fain to return agen awhile after, which is very mischievous, for 
by that means, they are without both Laws and Admittatur. I 
supose the Colledgc-Orders are not very bulkey, so I could have some 
stitch't up in Marble-Paper, and (considering the fewness of what 
shall part with) afford them at a very easy rate. 

Sir, Your friend and Serv' Samuel Sewall. 

For his much esteemed Friend^ Mr. Cotton Mather, pr. Eliahim M. 

Boston, Xr. 25, 84. 

Sir, — Would intreat you to send me the little book you spake of 
to me, which Dr. Owen writt of tlie Glory of Christ. 

Please also, in stead of some Recreation, when you can spare the 
time, to give me your Reasons Avhy the Heart of x\merica may not 
be the seat of the Xew-Jerusalem. The worthy Pastor of Newbury, 
in his fourth letter to Mr. 3Ieadc, (which I thank you for directing 
me to,) warrants me in such an Liquiry. Your Arguments, briefly 
laid down under several heads, will be refreshing to me to have them 
to consider of. Desiring your Prayers, that I may be found in 
Christ, not having my own Righteousness, I take leave, who am, Sir, 
Yours, Sam. Sewall. 

My son Sam: is still sick. 

1 A specimen of a written copy is in Mass. Hist. Soc. Proc. , for March, 
1876.— Eds.] 



DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 59 

[Oct. 15, 1684 (Col. Rec, Y. 456) : « In answer of the petition of 
Samuel Seawall, Esq. humbly shewing that his house of wood in 
Boston, at the hill where the Reverend Mr. John Cotton formerly- 
dwelt, which house is considerably distant from other building and 
standeth very bleake, he humbly desiring the favour of this Court to 
grant him liberty to build a smale porch of wood, about seven Foote 
square, to breake of the winde from the fore doore of said house, the 
Court grants his request." 

The house thus mentioned by Sewall was undoubtedly that which 
had belonged to his father-in-law, John IIull.^ It had belonged to 
Rev. John Cotton, as the following statements of title will show. 

We give, in the first place, an extract from the will of Rev. John 
Cotton. 

Suff. Wills, I. 52: "And because that south part of my house 
which Sir Henry Vane built, whilst he sojourned with me, he by a 
deed gave it (at his departure) to my son Seaborn, I do therefore 
leave it unto him as his by right, and together therewith liberty 
of commonage with his mother, in that south garden, which lyeth 
under it." 

To his wife, for life, "the dwelling house Avherein I now live." 
After her death, all houses and lands were to be divided among his 
children. Seaborn having a double share. 

Evidently, therefore, this Cotton mansion w^as a double house, and 
John Hull bought the southerly or Vane i:)ortion first. The record 
is as follows : — 

Suff. Deeds, VI. 227. Sept. 24. 1064. Seaborn Cotton of Hamp- 
ton and Dorothy his wife, sell to John Hull for £200 — all that parcel 
of land given S. C. by the will of his father John Cotton — and con- 
firmed to him by deeds of Mrs. Sarah Mather of Dorchester, and 
Increase and Mariah Mather of Boston, nnd John Cotton and Johan- 
nah, his wife, of Gilford, — "and likewise the House that was some- 
times S"" Henry Vanes." — which said house and land is situate in 
Boston and bounded as follows — 

" Bounded with the Towne street on the East ; Mr. ILnvard and 
Mr. Bellingham on the south ; Mr. Bellingham and some land belong- 
ing to the said Seaborn, Sarah, Increase and John on the west ; and 
by east and west line from the street to the Hill even with the noi'th 
side of the said House." 

May 28, 1077 (Deeds, Lib. 10, f. 108), Seaborn Cotton sold liis 

^ Hull writes, in 107-1, " ^ly habitation is greatly (lisa(lvautag(M)us for 
trade; yet because I always desired a quiet life, and not too inucli business, 
it was always best for nie." — Ens.] 



60 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

[half of the northerly part of the house and land, " which was the 
mansion house of the late John Cotton," to Nicholas Paige ; and, 
Aug. 17, 1677 (Deeds, Lib. 10, f. 170), Increase Mather and John 
Cotton sold to Paige their part of this same northerly half. The 
boundaries in both deeds are : north by land of Simon Lynde and 
house and land in which Governor Endicott last dwelt ; south by 
land of John Hull, Bellingham heirs, and heirs of James Davis ; east 
by the highAvay : west by the foot of Beacon Hill. 

April 30, 1G78 (Deeds, Lib. 10, f. 338) Paige mortgages to Thomas 
Deane, by the same boundaries, except that on the south John Wing 
is instead of heirs of James Davis. 

May 1, 1681 (Deeds, XH. f. 49), Paige again mortgages to Deane, 
bounded north by Simon Lynde and Edward Sliippen ; south by 
John Hull and Bellingham heirs ; east and west as before. This 
mortgage was discharged May 29, 1682 ; and on the same day (Deeds, 
XII. f. 216) Paige sells the lot to John Hull, bounded north by Simon 
Lynde and land of Edward Shij^i^en, formerly the dwelling-place of 
Governor Endicott.-' 

Following these early records with the light thrown upon them 
by the late N. I. Bowditch, in his "Gleaner" articles in the "Boston 
Transcript " for 1855-6, we arrive at the following results : — 

Where is now Pemberton Square, formerly rose Gentry or Sentry 
Hill. At a very early date evidently, the town had laid out Trcmont 
Row from School Street to Court Street, and Sudbury Street, as it 
was termed, to Court Street corner. 

Probably the hill Avas not so near the line of the street as to pre- 
clude the placing of houses there. 

We will begin at the south en<l of Tremont Row, with John Cog- 
gan's lot, which occui)ied the land covered by the Pavilion and Court, 
being 76 feet on Tremont Street. It bounded north on Bellingham, 
running west 322 feet, and nearly reaching Somerset Street. 

Then came Bellinghani's lot, bounded east on the street (Tremont 
Row), John Cotton and Daniel Maud, north. According to Mr. 
Bowditch, this lot was sold in two parts. In 1663, B. sold to Ilum- 



' This corrects another error of Shaw (copied by S. A. Drake, p. 47), who 
says (p. 291) that Governor Eudicott's house stood on the lot owned bj- Gai'- 
diner Greene. Bendall sold to David Yale (Deeds, II. f. 48), whose attorneys 
sold to Captain John Wall. Wall's widow and son (Deeds, Lib. XT. f. 195) 
sold, in 1(378, to Edward Sliippen, a house and two acres of land, bounded 
on a messuage now or heretofore of Mr. Cotton, south, and Sudbury Street 
east. Mr. Bowditch says that this lot was, iu 1768, sold to Dr. James Lloyd. 
(Deeds, Lib. 315, f. 273.) — Eds.] 



DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 61 

[phrey Davy the south part, and Davy's heirs sold it (being 140 feet 
on the street, as Bowditch says), with a stone house thereon, to An- 
drew Faneuil. Here Peter Faneuil lived and died, and after him 
John Vassall owned it. The north half was sold by Bellinghani's 
heirs, in 1693, to the deacons of the First Church, and it measured 
62 feet on the street. "William Phillips bought both lots, 1791 and 
1805. A rear lot remained, and was bought by Sewall. 

This would seem to make Bellingham's front 202 feet on the 
street. 

Next came Daniel Maud's lot, " 137 feet on the street, w-ith an 
average depth of 80 feet," says Bowditch, bounded north and west 
by Cotton. 

We have thus arrived at Cotton's lot, afterwards Hull's and Sew- 
all's. Bowditch says : " The west line of Cotton's estate coincides 
with the east line of Bulfinch's pastui-e, i.e. of the Church estate in 
Ashburton Place. Its north line ran 680 feet in a straight course to 
Tremont Row, including the house lots on the north side of Ashbur- 
ton Place, and the wliole central portion of Pemberton Square, em- 
bracing the fronts of all the houses on its Avest side south of Mr. 
Francis's lands, and cori'esponding portions of the houses on its east 
side, both nortli and soutli of the entrance from Tremont Row. 

"Cotton's estate (with Bellingham's united in the Sewall family^) 
measured east on Tremont Row 163 feet or nearly to the south line 
of the present entrance to the square. It had various jogs outwards 
on its southerly line, greatly enlarging its contents, adding perhaps 
90 feet more to its aver;ige width for a depth of over 300 feet." 

Cotton's north line was on Edward Bendall, whose lot passed to 
Edward Shiiipen, and then in part to Cyprian Southack. This lot 
measured 103 feet on Court Street.- Then came Robert Meeres's lot 



^ "We must confess our inability to understand this remark. Bowditch 
seems to trace both parts of Bellingham's /;-on< lot into the hands of "William 
Phillips, and thence to Patrick T. Jackson, without touching Hull or S(>wall. 
Probably ]Mr. Bowditch alluded to the fact that Sewall did buy a back Idt of 
Bellingham's land, Oct. 11, 1607 (Lib. 14, f. 4:39-112), from Elizabeth (Sav- 
age) Bellingham, wife of Samuel, son of Richard B. The sale was confirmed 
(Lib. 21, f. 110) by her trustees, Edward Hull and John Shelton, both of 
London. This land was " adjoining to the hill formerly belonging to John 
Cotton," and boimded north by land of S. Sewall; east by laud of Samuel 
Sewall, and in part by lands belonging to the First Church, now occupied by 
Mr. John Bayley, soutli by land lately of lluniphrey Davie, and west by land 
late of Captain John Wing, — being about half an acre. — Eds. 

2 This remark of " Gleaner's" requires some explanation. The Bendall- 
Shippen lot seems to have been of an irregular shape. Three lots were sold,] 



62 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

[of 85 feet on the street, and the corner lot on Howard Street was 
that of Robert Howen. 



Cotton Hill, therefore, seems to have tonclied Treraont Street at 
its south corner, very nearly at the present outlet of Pernberton 
Square, and to have continued northerly round the curve for 163 feet, 
tlie greater part facing Scollay Square. Before citing the deeds 
which explain the descent of the land, it may be well to say a word, 
about the Cotton house, once occupied by Sir Henry Vane, in cor- 
rection of errors already in print elsewhere. Mr. S. A. Di'ake, in his 
"Landraai-ks of Boston," p. 51, makes this house to be one which 
was standing in 1817, when Shaw wrote and so described it, a little 
south of the entrance to Pernberton Square; and this was evidently 
the tradition. (See Recollections of S. Breck, p. 41.) 

Although Shaw says, in 1817, that Governor Bellingham's house 
stood on the spot where Faneuil built, this seems to be an error. When 
Bellingham sold that south lot, he sold land only ; but, in selling the 
north lot, a house and land passed. Hence, it is probable that the 
venerable mansion referred to was that of Governor Bellingham. 
The First Churcli sold the house and lot in 1787 to Sampson Reed. 
(Deeds, Lib. IGO, f. 166.) William Phillips bought it in 1805, hav- 
ing bought the other Bellingham lot in 171)7. 

Certainly Bowditch held that this oLl house Avas not Cotton's, for 
he writes as follows about this north lot : " Upon this lot stood a 
most ancient-looking building, with windows of very small panes of 
glass. I have heard it stated, and have reason to believe it true, 
that when it was pulled down, a chair was made from some of its 
timbers for the late Hon. Judge Davis, as possessing great antiqua- 
rian interest, under the idea that it was in this house th;it Sir Henry 
Vane sojourned. It was within one of being the right house, but a 
miss is as good (or as bad) as a mile, in sueh a matter." 

The deeds of Sewall's grandchildren seem to show that their home- 
stead, the Cotton-IIull-Sewall-Coo]ier house, was on the nortluM'ly 
side of the lot, and near the street. It Avas occupied in 1758 by 
William Vassall, and probnbly afterwards by Patrick Jeffrey. We 
are nssui'ed by the family that Gardiner Greene did not alter the 
Vassall house, which he bought and lived in ; and, as it was a large 



measuring 170 feet on Court Street, nortli of Iloward Street, or Southack 
Court, which Southack laid out; and tlie other part Mas of an L-sliape, bounded 
141 feet on Iloward Street north, 410 feet weist on Bulfincli, 014 feet south on 
Cotton, and then coming out to Tremout Kow, vhere it measured 10-3 feet. 
— Eds.] 



DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 63 

[square house of the usual pattern, we may conclude that it was 
essentially in the form that Cooper, and probably Sewall, gave it. 
Possibly it was the Hull and Cotton house intact ; at all events, as 
we have shown, if the Cotton-Vane house was not destroyed at an 
earlier date, this must represent it. 



The title of the land seems to have passed as follows : Sewall 
seems to have left no will, and his property was divided among his 
heirs by an ehiborate scheme of lot. His daughter Judith, who mariied 
the Rev. William Cooper, inherited the house and land at Cotton Hill. 

Dec. 30, 1753, the Cooper heirs, William, Samuel, and Thomas and 
Judith Cooper agreed to a division of the estate. As they soon 
united in a sale of all their shares (Thomas Cooper's being sold Feb. 2, 
1758, to Jacob Wendell, Deeds, Lib. 91, f. 76), it is unnecessary to give 
the details. It may be noted that the arbitrators set off " a passage 
way 20 feet wide from Treamount street to the back part of the 
dwelling house first mentioned, and from thence turning southerly, 
keeping the same width, and running westerly thirty feet into Valley 
acre aforesaid, to lye open," &c. 

Valley Acre is represented on Lieut. Page's map of Boston in 1777, 
as a high hill east of Beacon Hill. Mr. Bowditch says that it " em- 
braced the lands on both sides of Somerset street to Bulfinch st. &c., 
and extended down the hill to the low ground on Court street. 

The actual transfer was as follows : — 

Lib. 92, f. 52. Sept. 1758. Jacob Wendell, William Cooper and 
Samuel Cooper of Boston, John Sever and wife Judith of Kingston 
sold to Wm. Vassall as follows : — 

Jacob Wendell sells for £250 house and land a house formerly in the 
occupation of Samuel Kneeland and now of Mrs. Thorn and Mrs. Mont- 
gomery — bound west on house and land formerly occupied by Daniel 
Bell and now by Peter Mourfield and Mrs Sarah Kenedy, 4G feet ; 
north on land of John Jekyll dec? 158 feet ; east on Treamont street 
70 feet ; south on a passage way 166 feet. 

Also land adjoining to Valley Aclior, bounded east on land of Judith 
Cooper now Judith Sever, 174 feet; south on garden of Peter Fan- 
euil 120 feet; west on Thompson's pasture and Valley Achor 174 
feet; north on a passage way 180 feet. 

William Cooper sold for £500 the southerly half of a house and 
land occupied by s'^ Wra. Vassall, bounded south on land of John 
Erving and garden of said Cooper, 177 feet from Treamount street 
up towards Valley Achor; east on Treamount street 33 feet to land 
of John Erving ; west on land of Judith Sever 20 feet ; north on the] 



64 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

[other half of said house belonging to Rev. Samuel Cooper, 177 feet 
from Tremont st. up towards Valley Achor. 

Also a garden adjoining the house, bounded north on the house 
& yard behind it, 101 feet; east on land of John Erving 120 feet; 
south on land occupied by Rev. Thomas Foxcroft 97 feet ; west on 
land of Judith Sever 122 feet. 

Also one half of land commonly called Valley Achor east on land 
formerly of Tho' Cooper but now of Jacob Wendell, 40 feet ; south 
on Thompson's Pasture 280 feet ; west on Joseph Sherburn 17 feet; 
south on Sherburn 35 feet ; west on land formerly of Sara. Lynde 
now of heirs of Thomas Bulfinch 80 feet ; north on a passage way 
320 feet. [This was a passage, 20 feet wide, lying in common, set off 
at the division.] 

Samuel Cooper sold for £250 the north half of the house occupied 
by Vassall & land bounded east on Tremoiit street 40 feet ; south by 
the other half of the house 177 feet ; Avest on Judith Sever 16 feet ; 
north on a passage way 177 feet from s^ street up towards Valley 
Achor. 

John Sever and wife Judith for £250 sold the house now occupied 
by Mr Mourfield & Mrs Kennedy — bounded east on the house occu- 
pied by Mrs Thorn and Mrs. Montgomery 46 feet ; south on a passage 
leading up to Valley Achor 170 feet west on Valley Achor 63 feet, 
north on heirs of John Jekyll 150 feet. 

Also one half of Valley Achor adjoining said house, bounded east 
on said land 68 feet; south on land of William Cooper 320 feet ; west 
on land of Lynde now of Bulfinch heirs 36 feet ; north on land for- 
merly of Capt Cyprian Southac now of John Tyng, 320 feet. 

Also a lot near the house occupied by Vassall bounded north on a 
passage way up to Valley Achor 70 feet ; east on land of Wm & 
Samuel Cooper, and of Rev Tho.' Foxcroft 220 feet ; south on garden 
of Peter Faneuil 70 feet; west on land of Jacob Wendell 174 feet. 



All the aforementioned houses and lands being the estate of the 
late Judith Cooper, mother of the grantors, which was bounded as 
follows : — 

East on Tremont street 163 feet. 

North on heirs of John Jekyll 311 feet, and of Capt Cyprian Southnc 
(now John Tyng) on Valley Achor 295 feet, and heirs of Bulfinch 20 
feet — the whole line from Treamount street up to and cross Valley 
Achor being 626 ft. 

West on heirs of Tho' Bulfinch 116 ft. 

South on Joseph Sherburn 36 feet ; west on Sherburn 17 feet. 
South on Thompson's Pasture 271 feet, east on a bend of 11 feet, then] 



DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 65 

[west on Thompson's Pasture 114 feet ; then south on garden of Peter 
Faneuil 190 feet ; then east on land occupied by Rev Tho' Foxcroft 
63 feet ; then south on said Foxcroft 98 feet ; then east on John 
Ervincr 112 feet ; then south on said Erving 96 feet. 



"William Vassall was born in the West Indies in 1715, and came 
■with his father Leonard Vassall to Boston. He was of H. C 1733 ; 
sheriff of Middlesex, a mandamus counsellor, and a refugee. He 
sold the Cooper estate to his nephew Leonard Vassall Borland, aa 
appears by the following deed : — 

L. 179, f. 240. 23 March, 1787. Wm. Vassall formerly of Boston, 
now of Battersea co. Surrey, Eng. sold for £4000 to Leonard Vassall 
Borland of Boston — house jyid land bounded north on Dr. James 
Lloyd, 211ft., John Tyng on Valley Acre 295 ft. and Thomas Bulfinch 
20 feet; west on Bulfinch 116 feet; southwest on heirs of Thomas 
Sherburne ; south on said heirs, on Isaiah Doane, on land belonging 
to the parish of the Old Brick Meeting house, and on heirs of John 
Ervine ; (distance not given) ; southeast on said land (of Ervine) and 
east on Tremont st. 133 feet — including land bought of Joseph Sher- 
burne and recorded Lib. 118 f. 170. Also sundry small houses bounded 
south on the "Writing School &c. 

There was probably some informality about this, but April 19, 1790, 
John Lowell as attorney for William Vassall sold (Deeds, 179, f. 241, 
242, 6, 7, 8) to Patrick Jeffrey, nncle of the famous Francis, Lord 
Jeffrey. This Patrick came to Boston and married a widow. Madam 
Haley, sister of notorious John Wilkes. 

Jeffrey, in 1801, conveyed to the town a strip of his land taken for 
Somerset Street, which was extended to Beacon Street. (Deeds, 
Lib. 277, f. 297.) 

He then sold east of the street, in 1802, to Jonathan Mason for 
$36,000 (Deeds, Lib. 203, f. 32) ; and, in 1804 (Deeds, Lib. 210, f. 138), 
he sold the part west of Somerset Street to Asa Hammond. 

Jonathan Mason, in 1803, sold the eastern lot for $41,000 to Gardi- 
ner Greene. (Lib. 205, f. 252.) This estate in Mr. Greene's posses- 
sion became one of the most noted sites in Boston. 

iMr. Greene acquired in 1824 the ^laud estate, already noticed as 
lying next south of Cotton's lot, and tlius obtained about 300 feet 
front on Tremont Street. (Deeds, 293, f. 196.) 

Finally, in 1835, the Phillips and Greene estates with others were 
sold to Patrick T. Jackson, and Pemberton Square was laid out.] 



66 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168|. 

[It may be well to say a word about Sewall's political position, aa 
he is found acting as a magistrate or deputy when his Diary recom- 
mences. He was chosen a deputy in 1684, probably out of respect to 
the long services of his father-in-law, then recently deceased. 

Hutchinson writes (Hist. I. 341) : " There were all the symptoms, 
notwithstanding, of an expiring constitution. Several of the towns 
neglected to send their deputies in the year 1684. Little business 
was done at the court. The people, indeed, showed some resentment 
against the magistrates, who had been forward for surrendering. 
Mr. Dudley, Richards and Brown were dropped, Cooke Johnson and 
Hutchinson chose in their stead. Mr. Bradstreet, the governor, Mr. 
Stoughton, Bulkley, Saltonstall and Gidney had fewer votes than 
usual. (The Governor had 690 votes. Danforth had 631 for Gov- 
ernor.) 

" There seems to have been as much indifference in the legislature 
about public affairs in 1685, expecting every day to be superseded." 

The great political issue during tliese years was, of course, that of 
the surrender of the charter of the Colony. It is impossible to read 
Sewall's own account of the progress of affairs in 1685 and 1686, 
without concluding that, though liis sympathies were with the sup- 
porters of the charter, he refrained from taking any prominent part, 
and that he was personally on friendly terms with Dudley and 
Stoughton. — Eds.] 



[The Journal is now continued from the autograph manuscript of the 
Second Volume, in the Cabinet of the Soeiety. — Eds.] 

Wednesday Febr. 11, 1684-5. — Joshua Moodey and 
self set out for Ipswich. I lodge at Sparkes's. Next day, 
Feb. 12, goe to lecture which Mr. Moodey preaches, then 
I dine with Mr. Cobbet, and so ride to Newbury ; visit Mr. 
Richardson sick of the dry Belly ake. Monday, Febr. 16, 
Get Mr. Phillips and Payson to Town and so keep a Fast- 
day, Mr. Moodey Preacliing Forenoon, Mr. Phillips After- 
noon, Mr. Woodbridge and Payson assisting in Prayer ; 
was a pretty full Assembly, Mr. Moodey having given 
notice the Sabbath-day, on which he preached all day. At 
Wenham and Ipswich, as we w^ent, we were told of the 
Earthquake in those parts and at Salem (Feb. 8). the 
Sabbath before about the time of ending Afternoon Exer- 
cise; That which most was sensible of was a startling 



16Sf ] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 67 

dolefull Sound; but many felt the Shaking also, Peter 
and Jane Toppan. Mr. Phillips had not finished his Ser- 
mon, and was much surprised at the Sound, expecting 
when the House would have Crackt. In several places 
Exercise was over. 

Tuesday Febr. 17, I and Brother, sister Stephen Sewall 
Ride to Sparkes's by the Ferry, great part in the Snow ; 
Dined with Ipswich Select-Men. 18"* I Lodged there ; 
the Morn was serene ; came to Salem, seeing Mrs. Hale 
by the way ; staid Lecture, came to Boston, found all 
well. Laus Deo. 

Tuesday March 10th. 1G84-5. Deputies for Boston are 
Mr. Isaac Addington votes 90 and odd, Mr. John Saffin 70 
and odd, Mr. Timothy Prout 50 and odd, Mr. Anthony 
Stoddards passed by, who hath been annually chosen about 
these twenty years : Mr. John Fayerwether left out. Am 
chosen for the year. Mr. Addington chosen a Commis- 
sioner also to seal up the Votes and carry them. In the 
Afternoon I carried my Wife to see Mrs. Flint ; wayes 
extream bad. 

Thorsday, March 12, 1684-5. Mr. John Bayly preached 
from Amos 4. 12, and Mr. Willard from 2 Cor. 4. 16-18 ; 
both Sermons and Prayers Excellent. In the even 2 first 
Staves of the 46 Ps sung*. Watched with Isaac Goose 
and Sam Clark, had a pleasant Night, Gave each Watch 
\2d. to drink. Satterday March 14th. went to ^Ir. God- 
dard of Watertown to buy Hay, Dined as I went with 
Thomas Danforth, Esq. aud Lady ; visited Mr. Sherman 
as I came back. Wednesday March 25th, 1685. went to 
Cambridge with Capt. Elisha Hutchinson, there meet with 
Lieut. Johnson ; at Mr. Cotton's Chamber the Deputy 
Governor tells how Major Bordman dyed that morning ; 
he had been Colleire Cook a lono; time. Dined with the 
Commissioner of Middlesex at the Ordinary, then pro- 
ceeded in our Errand to Mr. Sherman from the Council 
to enquire when Easter Day was, and consequently our 



68 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

Election,^ because by the Rule in the Prayer Book it 
should be a Week sooner. Mr. Sherman was pleasant 
and took it for granted 'twas as the Almanack had set 
it, i. e. an English Almanack, which I shewed hhn. Dep- 
uty Governour told the Commissioners this was the last 
time they were like to convene for such a purpose. 

Thorsday March 26tli. 1685. Went to the Gathering 
of the Church at Sherborn and ordaining; Mr. Daniel 
Gookin their Pastor. But six Brethren and three of the 
Names, Mors. Mr. Wilson, Mr. Adams and Mr. Nathan- 
iel Gookin of Cambrido;e manao-ed the Work ; Mr. Nath! 
Gookin the younger introduced the Elder, a happy Type 
of the Calling the Jews. Mr. Torrey, Brinsmead, Fisk, 
Estabrooks, Man, Moodey, Hubbard, West, Sherman,Wood- 
rop, Eawson, Grindal, Wilson jun'' there, and Fellows of 
the Colledge: Only Major General and self of Magistrates. 
No Relations were made, but I hope God was with them. 
I put up a Note to pray for the Indians that Light might 
be communicated to them by the Candlestick, but my 
Note was with the latest, and so not professedly prayed 
for at all. 

Tuesday, March the last, went to Weymouth, heard 
Mr. Brinsmead preach from Prov. 10. 29 ; see my Book 
of Records. After Lecture I took the Acknowledgment 
of many Deeds. In the even Angel Torrey brings word 
that little Hull was seized with Convulsions ; His first Fit 
was when I was at Watertown, 25th March. Lodged with 
Mr. Brinsmead. 

Wednesday morn April 1. Speaking to Mr. Brinsmead 
to pray for drying up the River Euphrates,^ he told me he 

^ By the Charter, the annual election was to be held on " the last Wednes- 
day in Easter terrae yearely." This plan made the day vary each year, the 
extremes being May 2, 1638, and June 2, 1641. In 1685, the day observed 
was May 27. — Eds. 

2 Judge Sewall, as the numerous references in his papers indicate, con- 
tinued through his whole life to pursue those biblical and theological studies 
to which his attention had been di-awu when he had in view the work of the 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 69 

had prayed that God would reveal to some or other as to 
Daniel of old, the Understanding of the Prophesies of this 
time, that so might know whereabouts we are. Went 
home : Mr. Torrey accompany ed me to Monotocot Bridge ; 
found things pretty calm at home and the Child sleeping. 

— Friday April 3rd, Mr. Joseph Eliot and I Graft some 
Walnut Trees. Apr. 14th 1685. A Ship arrives from 
New castle and brings News of the death of Charles the 
2nd, and Proclamation of James the 2nd, Kino;. Brou2:ht 
a couple of printed Proclamations relating to that affair. 
News came to us as we were busy opening the Nomina- 
tions just before Dinner ; it much startled the Governour 
and all of us. In the morn before I went the Governour 
said that a Ship master had been with him from Nevis, 
who told him Govf Stapleton should say, we should have 
a new Governour before he got to Boston. Master dined 
with Magistrates and Commissioners at Capt. Wing's. Car- 
ried my wife to George Bairsto's yesterday, April 13th. 

— Thorsday, April 16th, a Vessel arrives from London. 
Mr. Lord, commander, brings Orders to the several Colo- 
nies to proclaim the King. Mr. Blathwayt writes to Simon 
Bradstreet, Esq. superscribed For His Majestie's Service, 
advising that 't would be best for us early to doe it; and 
our Charter being vacated in Law and no Government 
settled here, was the reason we were not writt to : Copies 
and forms sent to us as to the other Colonies, but no mention 
of Governour and Company. Also another letter was writt 
to Simon Bradstreet, Wm. Stoughton, Jos. Dudley, Peter 



ministry. He was especially interested in the enigmas of prophetical inter- 
pretation, and in solving the question of the Lost Tribes, the riM>|iling of 
America, the Two "Witnesses, &c. The symhols represented hy the river 
Euphrates, its drying up, &c. (Rev. xvi. 1"2), engaged his earnest thought, 
and were frequently the subjects of his correspondence with divines, as bear- 
ing upon tlie triumphs of the Gospel. Two editions were publisheil. tiie first 
in 1G97, of what he considered liis magnum opu.<\ under tlie title of " Phe- 
nomena Qua-dam Apocalyptica," &c. This is one of the many biuiks that 
are liandled onlv when the shelves which hold them are dusted. — Kds. 



70 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1G85. 

Bulkeley, Sam'l. Shrimpton, Richard Wharton, Esquires, 
to proclaim the King. Suppose this was done lest the 
Government should have neglected to do it. The Council 
agreed to proclaim the King before they knew of the Let- 
ter. Major Richards counted the Votes for Mr. Dudley, 
told them twice over, and still found them 666, and so 
'twas entered and sent to the Towns, s.s. 

Monday April 20th. The King is Proclaimed ; 8 Com- 
panies, the Troop, and several Gentlemen on horseback 
assisting ; three Volleys and then Canon fired. ^ This day 
a child falls upon a Knife which run through its cheek to 
the Throat, of which inward Wound it dies, and is buried 
on Wednesday. 'Tis one Gees child. — Thorsday, April 
23, Mother Sewall comes by Water in Stephen Green- 
leaf to see us. — Sabbath, iVpril 26th, I go to Meeting ; 
staid at home last Sabbath and April 20th by reason of 
my Sore Throat, with which was taken the night before 
Mr. Lord came in. — April 27th. Father Sweet buried 
— Tuesday, April 28th Began to wean little Hull to see 
if that might be a means to free him of Convulsions,* 
he had one yesterday. — Wednesday, April 29th, The 
Vessel of which Matthew Soley died Master in London, 
arrives, and brings Gazettes to the 2d. of March. The 
King w\as buried 14th of Febr. in the even privately. 

Friday, May the first, Mother Sewall goes to Salem ; 
my Wife and I go with her to visit Mrs. Bellingham, and 
so to the Ferry Boat in which met with a Hampshire Man 



1 The entiy in the Colony Records, V. 474, adds a little to the picture. 
The Governor and Council having ordered his Majesty to be proclaimed in 
the High Street in Boston, it was " donn on 20th of Aprill last, the honour- 
able Governor, Deputy Governor and Assistants on horseback, with thousands 
of people, a troope of horse, eight foote companys, drums beating, trumpets 
sounding, his majesty was proclaymed by Edward Rawson, secretary, on 
horsback, and John Green, marshall generall, taking it from him, to the 
great joy and loud acclamations of the people, and a seventy peec of ordi- 
nance next after the volleys of horse and foote. . . God save the King, &c." 
— Eds. 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 71 

that had been well acquainted with Mr. Cox and such 
Hampshire People, several of them, as mother knew : 
rode to Capt. Marshal's and there took leave. White Oaks 
pretty much put forth : 'tis a forward very green Spring. 
An Apsoon ^ man arrives of about 5 weeks' passage, brings 
word that the King was to be Proclaim'd the 23rd of 
April, and the Parliament to sit the 4th of May. Mr. 
Tho. Smith from Barbados brings the Honourable Francis 
Bond, one of His Majestie's Council for that Island, and 
of a great Estate, also one Mr. Middleton : Former comes 
to recover his health.^ Father Town is buried at Cam- 
bridge this first of May. Sundry other vessels come from 
England, which I mention not. The like has hardly been 
known as to earliness. — Sabbath May 3rd, a letter read 
from the N.[orth] Church wherein Mr. Willard and Mes- 
sengers desired to be sent in order to ordain Mr. Cotton 
Mather, Pastor of that Church; signed. Increase Mather, 
at the desire and order of the Church. The Governour 
and self with the Deacons, nominated to goe. — May 6th, 
General Court Assembles ; Magistrates vote an x\ddress to 
be sent by the Ship now ready to sail, on which a Nega- 
tive put. A Committee chosen to Eevise the Laws,^ at 

1 Probably from Bergen-op-Zoom. — Eds. 

2 Francis Bond, Esq., is mentioned several times in the Barbadoes lists 
printed by Ilotten, in 187i. The main family was of Cornwall; but one off- 
shoot was William Bond, of London, sheriff in L508, "most famous in his 
age for his great adventures both by sea and land." His brother. Sir George 
]?ond, and his nephew. Sir George Whitmore, were Lord Mayors of London. 
Numerous junior branches are indicated in the genealogy. The main branch 
lived at Sutton, and of this line AVilliam was grandfather of Alice Lisle, 
whose judicial murder is noted in these pages. — Eds. 

3 The report of the committee is on record, under date of ]\Lay 27, 1685. 
(Col. Rec. V. 476.) At this date, also, was passed a law establishing a Court 
of Cliancery to exercise equity jurisdiction. This revision of the Colony 
laws, "especially those more lately made," was entered upon and very 
slowly and grudgingly pursued, in compliance with the peremptory excep- 
tions made to them by the Attorney and Solicitor General of England. 
Among the laws which were annulled was that which sentenced to death 
Quakers returning from banishment, and that passed in 16.19 " against keejv 
ing Christmas." The Records add: " For greater expedition in tlie present 



72 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

the earnest Suit of the Deputies, which they would have 
had them made a Report of next Tuesday, but agreed to 
be next Election Court. Took the word " such " out of 
the late Law printed Title " Convey ancies " ; made some 
Freemen, it may be Twenty : Dissolved the Court on Fri- 
day May 8th, 1685. — Thorsday, May 7th. a youth was 
Cut for the Stone and a great one taken out as big as a 
Hen's Egg, — Friday morn, May 811' 1685, the Lad dies, 
at Neighbour Mason's, and now his Son will not be cut, 
seeing this stranger fare so ill. Mr. John Bayly preached 
the Lecture for Mr. Mather, from Ps. 37. 4. Delight thy- 
self also in the Lord &c. 

Friday May 8th — past 6, even, Walk with the honored 
Governour [Bradstreet] up Hoar's Lane,' so to the Alms 

revisall of the lawes, this Court doth order, that they shall be sent to the 
presse sheet by sheet, and that the Treasurer make payment to tlie printer 
for the same paper and ■worke, June 10, 16S5, and tliat Elisha Cook and 
Samuel Seawall, Esqrs., be desired to oversee the presse about that worke." 
— Eds. 

^ This walk is not easily traced, owing to the indefiniteness of the de- 
scriptions. Sevvall, of course, starts from his liouse on Tremont Row; then 
by Hoar's Lane to the almshouse. This last-named site is well known, being 
on the corner of Park and Beacon Streets. Hoar's Lane is therefore pre- 
sumably that part of Beacon Street reacliing from Tremont Street to Park 
Street. Although, by the town's order of 1708, this was termed Beacon 
Street, yet Bowditch says that, in a deed of 1750 (Suffolk, Lib. 84, f. 8), it 
was called " the lane leading to the almshouse." 

But why called Hoar's Lane? The only supposition is, that the name 
came from William Iloare, who lived on the south corner of School and 
W^ishington Streets. Hoare mortgaged, Dec. 13, 1083 (Deeds, Lib. 13, f. Gl), 
to Mrs. Hull and Samuel Sewall, his land on that corner, bounded east by 
the street to Roxbury, north by the lane running from said street to the 
Training Field, south by Arthur Mason, w^est by Josepli Whiting. Hoar's 
wife, Hannah, was daughter of Robert W'right, and with her sister, Lydia 
Gridin, sold land, in 1700-1 (Deeds, Lib. 20, f. 218), inherited from their 
father. It was bounded east by heirs of John Blowers, west by land of Dr. 
Elisha Cooke, south by Capt. Samuel Sewall's land, north by "school-house 
lane, so called." 

From the Almshouse they went " down the length of the Common to ^h\ 
Deaii's pasture." Presuming this means down Beacon Street, tiiey would 
reach a lot of about five acres, bought by Thomas Deane, as Bowditcli shows; 
being the lots of Richard Truesdale, sold May 11, 1(J07 (Deeds, Lib. .5, f. '23 i.), 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 73 

House ; then down the length of the Common to Mr. Dean's 
Pasture, then through Cowell's Lane to the New Garden, 

and Thomas Miller or Millard, sold May, 1668 (Deeds, Lib. 5, f. 249). 
Deane, indeed, sold in 1672, to Whitcomb, he to Hawkins, who sold to Sav- 
age, from whom Sewall bought, April 2, 1692. (Lib. 15, f. 18-3.) Tins estate 
was then known as Sewall's Elm Pasture, and thereon his heirs laid out, on 
paper. Bishop-stoke Street and Coventry Street. It reached from Joy Street 
west, about 440 feet on Beacon Street. (Bowditch.) 

Clearly this ought to be the " Deane's pasture" in question; for, doubt- 
less, Sewall walked by it often, and with appreciative eyes, before he 
bought it. 

" Then through Cowell's Lane to the Xew Garden." Here is a trouble, 
for we lack any authority for calling the lower part of Beacon Street Cow- 
ell's Lane. In fact, the Cowell tribe lived on the corner of Washington and 
West Streets, and this latter street ought to be Cowell's Lane. In 1708, it 
was Cowell's Corner. 

But the "new garden," we must insist, was that spot of most historic 
interest, where William Blackstone resided before Boston existed. Dunton, 
who was here in 1686, writes: " On the South, there is a small but pleasant 
Common, where the Gallants a little before sunset walk with their Mai'malet 
Madams, as we do in Moorfield, &c, till the Nine-a-Clock Bell rings them 
home ; after wliich the Constables walk their Rounds to se good order kept, 
and to take up loose people." 

Bowditch has conclusively proved that Blackstone's lot was at the foot of 
the Common, at the corner of Beacon and Charles Streets. 

Richard Pepys bought this lot of six acres, Jan. 30, 1655, and sold it to 
Nathaniel Williams, as appears by a deed of Peter Bracket, who married 
Williams's widow, conveying the lot to Williams's children (Deeds, Lib. 9, 
f. 325), and also by the following deposition: — 

Lib. 26, f. 84. Anne Pollard, widow, aged about eighty-nine years, testi- 
fied, Dec. 26, 1711, " That this deponent's husband Mr William Pollard occu- 
pied and improved a certain piece or parcel of land, scituate near the bottom of 
the Common, at the westerly part thereof in Boston aforesaid, and bounded 
on the Sea south-west, for many years; and that her said husband hired the 
same of Richard Peepys, late of Boston aforesaid, Gent'.' deceased, who often 
told this Deponent, that he the said Peepys bought the said land of ]Mr. 
Blackstone formerly of Boston aforesaid. And further this deponent saith 
that the said Peepys built a house thereon wherein this deponent and her 
husband dwelt for near fourteen years, during which time tlie said Black- 
stone used frequently to Resort thereto, and this deponent never hcai'd any 
controversy between him, the said Blackstone, and the said Peepys about the 
said land, but the same was always reputed to belong to him as this deponent 
understood. And she further says, That soon after the sale thereof, as she 
supposeth, the said Blackstone removed from this town of Boston. And she 
further saith not." 

Bowditch shows that the Williams sold, Jan. 29, 1708-9 (Deeds, Lib. 24, 



74 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

then to our House, then to our Pasture by Engs's, then 
I waited on his Honour to his Gate and so home. This 

f. 103), to Thomas Banister, their orchard and pasture. He also shows that 
the next lot eastward belonged to Francis East; and, in 1694, this lot meas- 
ured 12 rods 13 feet on the south line on the Common, with Sewall's land 
east. East's lot "extended on Beacon Street to just about the east line of 
Spruce Street, and the west boundary of East's pasture extended in a bevel- 
ling line to Mount Vernon Street, which street is intersected a little west of 
the division line between the two elegant mansions of Messrs. John E. and 
Nathaniel Thayer." 

The Blackstone lot " bounds south on Beacon Street to the original chan- 
nel, which was many hundred feet west of Charles Street, or about the lowest 
long block of dwelling-houses now [Xovember, 1855] completed on the Mill 
Dam. On the east line it extended along East's pasture and beyond it on 
land of Allen or Wheelwright, and to within a few feet of Pinckney Street, 
at a point which is nearly in the range of the westerly part of the School 
House Estate, at the corner of Centre Street. It thence extended along in the 
direction of Pinckney Street westerly, so as to include all Louisburg Square, 
till it met a line about 50 feet west of the west line of Louisburg Square, 
where it was bounded on the pasture of Zechariah Phillips, on which pasture 
it afterwards bounded northerly by a line running to the water." 

It is evident that there was a small projection of land here, — "Black- 
stone's Point," — the water sweeping in over the Parade Ground south, and 
behind Beacon Street north. The orchard, planted first by Blackstone, is 
clearly indicated on Bonner's map; and, in fact, when Banister's heirs sold, 
in 1733, the land is said to be " improved as a garden." 

We may presume, then, that Sewall's walk was " down the length of the 
Common," on Beacon Street, to Williams's garden, and that he returned 
the same way; or, as he writes, " then to our house." 

Then he starts on a fresh trip, — " then to our pasture by Engs." As to 
this we are less confident. It seems that Maudit Ingles, Engles, or Engs, 
evidently a foreigner, was an original grantee on Summer Street, near the 
corner of High Street. 

At a little later date, Sewall had a lot here, and the coincidence is worth 
noting. The record is (Deeds, Lib. 26, f. 81): 20 Dec. 1711, W>" Hickin- 
botham, of Boston, Knacker, and wife Anna, widow of Samuel Engs, sell to 
James Marshall, a house and land in Summer street, bounded south on said 
street 17 feet north on other land of Engs' heirs 29^ feet; east by a passage 
way between land of Engs and land of Capt. Samuel Sewall, Esqre, 102 feet; 
west on land of said Engs. 

" Then I waited on his Honour to his gate and so home," says Sewall. 
We find no record of Governor Bradstreet's home. He was then living with 
his second wife, Anne, daughter of Emmanuel Downing, and widow of Jo- 
seph Gardner of Salem. He had made an antenuptial settlement of her 
estate; and from a remark he makes in his will about the small amount of 



16S5.] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 75 

day our old Red Cow is kill'd, and we have a new black 
one brought in the room, of about four years old and bet- 
ter, marked with a Cross and slit in the Left Ear, and a 
Cross off the right Ear, with a little hollowing in. As 
came with his Honour through Cowell's Lane, Sam. came 
running and call'd out a pretty w^ay off and cried out the 
Cow was dead and by the Heels, meaning hang'd up by 
the Butcher. At which I was much startled understand- 
ing him she had been dead upon a Hill or cast with her 
heels upward, and so had lost her ; for I was then looking 
for her and 't was unexpected. Mother having partly bar- 
gained and the Butcher fetcht her away in the Night un- 
known. Had served this family above Ten years, above 
Nine since my dwelling in it. 

Satterday May 9th, Brother Stephen Sewall visits me. — 
Monday, May 11th, 1685, I accompanied Mr. Moodey to 
Mr. Eliot's [the " Apostle to the Indians "] to persuade 
Mr. Benjamin to go to the Ordination of Mr. Cotton 
Mather, in which 1 hope we have prevailed ; the men- 
tioninof of it drew Tears from the o-ood Father so as to 
hinder his Speech. The Father was abroad and preached 
yesterday. Visited Mr. Dudley also. Deacon Parkes 
dyed last night, and Goodman Woodward of Dedham, 

household goods ^vhich he had bought siuce liis marriage, and the want of 
mention of a house in Boston, we infer he only hired a house in town. The 
only laud which he seems to have owned was on the north side of Court 
Street, and apparently there was no house standing on it. This lot is de- 
scril)pd in the following deed: — 

Lib. 17, f. 25, 27. Jany 2:5, 1001-5. Sijnon Bradstreet and wife Ann 
sell to William Clarke a piece of land in Prison Lane, bounded south on the 
lane, west on land of Manasseh Beck, north on a pasture of Mrs. Penelope 
Bellingham. east on land of John Dassett. This land was mortgaged by 
Samj)son Slieaffi.^ in 1<)87 who surrendered same. 

But we do find Bradstreet taxed, in 1087 and IGSS, in division or ward 
Xo. 7, which went down .Scliool and State Streets and up Summer Street. 
"We may infer tliat, as he is named next to William Iloare. he lived near tho 
Old South, on Washington Street or on School Street. If in either ])]ace, 
Sewall might have left him as he came back from the foot of Summer Street. 
— Eds. 



76 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

father to the Minister, is dead within 's day or two. 
At Mr. Dudley's was Wm. Hahaton and David Indian, 
who Acknowledged the Papers I offered him in Feb. Court, 
at Capt. Paige's, speaking English. — Tuesday, May 12th, 
I weary myself in walking from one end and side of the 
Town to t'other to seek our lost Cow. — Wednesday, May 
13, 1685, Mr. Cotton Mather is ordained Pastor by his 
Father, who said. My son Cotton Mather, and in 's sermon 
spake of Aaron's Garments being put on Eleazer, intimat- 
ing he knew not but that God might now call him out of 
the World. Mr. Eliot gave the Right Hand of Fellowship, 
calling him a Lover of Jesus Christ. Mr. Benjamin Eliot ^ 
was there who hath not been at Town these many years. 
— Thorsday May 14th, Mr. Torrey and Uncle Quinsey 
dined here. Have agreed to have a Fast here at our 
house next Friday. 'Twas first to be on Tuesday, but 
altered it. I invited all the Magistrates : to most writ 
the following words — " To Samuel Nowell, Esq " Sir — 
The Ministers of this Town are desired to Pray and Preach 
at my House next Fi'iday, to begin about half an hour 
past Nine ; which I acquaint you with that so yourself and 
Wife may have the opportunity of being present. Sam. 
Sewall. May 18. 1685." 

Tuesday May 19th. 1685 went to Roxbury Lecture, in- 
vited Mr. Eliot and his Son to be with us on Friday next. 
When I come home I find Hullie extream ill having had 
two Convulsion Fits, one of them very long : the Child is 
much changed. — Friday May 22d. 1685, had a private 
Fast : the Magistrates of this town with their Wives here. 
Mr. Eliot prayed, Mr. Willard preached. I am afraid of 
Thy judgments — Text Mother gave. Mr. Allen prayed ; 
cessation half an hour. Mr. Cotton Mather praj'ed ; Mr. 
Mather preached Ps. 79, 9. Mr. Moodey prayed about an 
hour and half; Sung the 79th Psalm from the 8th to the 

^ He was the assistant of his father in the church at Roxbury, and died 
in 16S7, his fatlier survivinG; him. — Eds. 



16S5.] 



DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



77 



End : distributed some Biskets, and Beer, Cider, Wine. 
The Lord hear in Heaven his dwelling place. — Satterday 
May 23d, morn, Thunder and Lightening. Saturday 5 
p.m. Mr. Wharton and Safhn offered me an Address, 
which I saw not cause to sign. Governour had signed, 
J. Winthrop, Capt. Tones and some others interested in 
the Narraganset Lands. Mr. Lynde, Mr. Smith (Nar.) 
and Mr. Brindley were by at the same time. Sabbath May 
24th, we read the ninety-seventh Psalm in Course : Mr. 
Francis Bond at our House. — Tuesday May 26th, 1685, 
Mary Kay comes hither to dwell in Hannah Hett's stead, 
wdio is upon Marriage. — Wednesday, May 27th, 1685, 
Election day, being very fair Wether all day. Mr. Wil- 
liam Adams preaches from Isa. 66, 2. Capt. Blackwell 
and Mr. Bond dine with us : Mr. Philips craves a Blessing 
and returns Thanks, in which mentions the Testimony of 
Jesus, that God would make us faithf ull in it. Governour 
chosen without counting ; Mr. Nowell (I think) came next. 
Mr. Danforth Deputy Governour clear. Assistants,' 



Esqrs. 



Esqrs. 



D. Gookin 


1312 


J. Pynchon 


1257 


Wm. Stoughton 


757 


J. Dudley 


694 


N. Saltonstall 


1080 


H. Davie 


1131 


J. Richards 


1267 


S. Nowell 


1257 


J. Russell 


1263 



P. Tilton 

S. xVppleton 

R. Pike 

Elisha Cooke 

Wm. Johnson 

John Ilathorn 

Elisha Hutchinson 777 

S. Sewall 1065 

Oliver Purchas 683 



1234 
1200 
1168 
1067 
932 
1031 



Commissioners United Colonies 
Mr, Stoughton 307 
Mr. Nowell 485 



Reserves 

Mr. Danforth 
Mr. Dudlev. 



1 As Sewall has preserved some lists of the votes for mac::istrates, it may 
be well to note that the list for 1GS3 is printed in the Hutchinson Collection, 
p. 541. — Eds. 



78 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

Persons left out this year 

Mr. Bulkeley 667 1 -i , t ,, 

Tw- ^T^ -.1 . -, ^ ^ Mn Ifist year — In the room now 

Mr. Woodbridge 5d9 j *^ 

Mr. Dudley, Oliver Purchas. Mr. Brown had votes 398, 
Mr. Gedney 598, John Smith 608, Dan.l Pierce 471. Ma- 
jor General and Treasurer, no telling ; Mr. Addington had 
a great many Votes for Secretary. My dear child Hull 
had a Convulsion Fit in Lecture Time. Mr. Adams, prayed 
after the Election over. The Governour, Deputy Gov- 
ernour and about nine Assistants sworn, of which myself 
one : Court adjourned till Thorsday 8 of the clock. 

Thorsday about noon, one Jonathan Gardner of Roxbury 
commits Bestiality with a mare ; he is sent to Prison, but one 
Witness. Hull hath two Convulsion Fits which brins; him 
extreme low ; Mr. Philips prays with us. — Friday, May 
29th. Mr. No well and I go to Mr. Stoughton and Dudley 
to acquaint them with the Freeman's Choice of them, in 
the Court's Name, and to desire them to come and take 
their Oaths : I doubt Mr. Bulkeley's being left out will 
make them decline it. Mr, Eliot was ill and not at this 
Election, which knew nothing of till Mr. Philips told me 
the last night. 

Monday June 1, 1685. Artillery Election day ; Eliakim 
sets out to see his mother at N. Hampton, Connecticot. I 
Train not. Mr. John Phillips is chosen Captain. Capt. 
Hill Lieutenant, Mr. Benj. Alford Ensign, Henry Deving 
eldest Sergeant, Crick second, Seth Penn third, Sam. Chickly 
fourth, Roby, Clark. The 46th Psalm sung at Mr. Wing's, 
from the 6th verse to the end. About 3 of the clock in 
the Afternoon this day, Cousin Anne Quinsey is brought to 
bed of a Daughter. June 2, 1685. In the Afternoon Mr. 
Stoughton and Dudley come and confer with the Council 
thanking them for their respect in acquainting them with 
their choice, and to say they w^ere not of another mind as 
to the Substance than formerly, relating to the great Con- 
cerns of the Country, lest any might be deceived in desir- 



1685.] DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 79 

ing them to take their Oaths. Also that if things went 
otherwise than well in that great Trial [we] were like 
shortly to have, all the blame would be laid upon them. 
Said, supposed things would be so clear when the day 
came as that [there] would be a greater unanimity what 
to do than now was thought of. Deputy Governours Cloud 
and Pillar. Seemed, through the importunity of friends, 
Ministers and others to incline to take the oath.^ Take 
leave. When gone Deputy Governour relates a saying of 
his Wife. — June 3, very seasonable Rain. Wednesday 
June 3d, '85, at night very considerable Thunder and 
Rain. In somnils visum est mihi, me rediisse Novohurgo 
vel alio cdiqiio opindo ; et vie ahsente, uxorem mortuam 
esse Roxburice vel Dorcestrice ; quam narrcdionem ceger- 
rime tidi Nomen scepiiis exclamans. Dum j^ercontarer 
uhi esset socer dixerunt eum in Angliam 'profecturum ; 
FiUa scilicet mortuci liberum esse ei ut iter faceret quo 
vellet. Heme m^ortem 2:)artim ex incuria mea et Amoris 
indigenticL accidisse, Ullzahetha susurravit quod adhuc me 
gravlus jyressit. JExcusso somno pro gaudlo uxorem quasi 
nuper nuptam amplexus sum. 

To the Kings Most Excellent 3fajestie. 

The Humble Address of the Governor and Company of the ^lassachusets 
Bay in Xew England Assembled in Generall Court at Boston, "iSth 
January 1G84-5, Showeth, 

Tliat your Majesties poor and distressed Sul)jeets of tliis Colonic 
have been long since transported and planted here under tlie most 
Gracious and Princely Encouragement of your ^lajesties Royall 
Ancestours of Blessed Memory: and since your Majesties happy 
Restauration, have had many Gracious Intimations of your ^[ajestie.s 
Favourable regard and Inclination towards us, and our good Settle- 
ment and Security here, for which wee renew to Almighty God and 
your Majesty most luunble Thankes, as wee ought alwayes. 

1 These are intimations of the anxieties and misgiviuL^^s, and of the differ- 
ences, even alienations of feeling, of some of tlie old magistrales consequent 
on the unsettled state of the Government. — Eds. 



80 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

That since it hath pleased your Majesty to proceed in Law against 
the Charter of this your Majesties Province in order to the vacating 
thereof upon the Scire facias late brought against us in the Chan- 
cery, of which wee never had any legall notice for our Appearance 
and making Answer : ISTeither was it possible in the time allotted 
that wee could. Had wee had opportunity it would have been easie 
to demonstrate our Innocency in what is objected against us. And 
wee hope that heavy charge is beyond beliefe, that wee have raised 
£50,000 pr Annum, converting it to our own use. Inasmuch as the 
ordinary Charge for the necessary Support of the Government doth 
not amount to £1200 a year: nor was there ever more raised on that 
Account. And wee most humbly beseech your Majestic to allow us 
sincei-ely to profess that not one of the Articles therein objected 
were intended, much less continued to be done, in Derogation of 
your Majesties Royall Prerogative, or to the Oppression of your 
Subjects, 

It is matter of great grief and Sorrow to our hearts that by being 
misrepresented as disloyall and disobedient Subjects, wee are fallen 
under your Majesties Displeasure ; wee implore your Majesties 
Favour, and humbly entreat that our great distance from your 
Majesties Royall Court, our poverty and many evill circumstances 
may be so graciously considered as that, of your Sovereigne Grace 
you Avould please to grant a Pardon and Amnesty of all our Errors, 
and the Continuation of our Liberties and Immunities granted in our 
Charter, under the Security of which our Worthy Predecessors 
undertook so great an Adventure, and left their Dear and Native 
Land and very desirable Enjoyments there, that so they might gain 
an inoffensive Retirement to Worship God according to the dictates 
of their Conscience warranted by the Word of God, which wee also 
account more precious than all our outward Concerns, the Continu- 
ance of which will erect for your Majestic a lasting IMonument of 
Praise and Thanksgiving in the hearts of the present and succeeding 
Generations. 

Wee humbly take leave to add, that notwithstanding the many 
ill Representations and Informations that ly against us, wee are true 
Lovers of your Majesties Person and of the English Government, 
and do render unfeigned thanks to Almighty God for your most 
happy and miraculous Preservation hitherto, and shall not be want- 
ing to doe our utmost endeavour to promote your Majestic peaceable 
and prosperous Reigne for which also as in duty bound wee shall 
ever pray. 



1685.] DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 81 

[CopiE.] Letter to Mr. Humphreys. 

Mk. Humphreys : 
"Worthy Sir, — Although we have received no particular informa- 
tion from yourselfe concerning our Affairs, yet being by rumour 
informed that our Charter is condemned and Judgement entered up 
against us, our General Court have agreed upon this inclosed Address 
to be presented to his Majestic, and do request your Assistance for 
its speedy Presentation. How far wee are indebted to yourself wee 
know not till wee hear from you ; Wee would willingly discharge 
our debts while wee have it, especially to yourself, to whom for your 
friendship as well as service, wee are deeply indebted. Our Treas- 
urer hath given order to Mr. John Ives to be making payment of our 
debt in part as far as our effects will goe ; And the General Court 
do hereby with all thankfulness acknowledge their obligations to 
yourselfe and those honored and worthy Gentlemen who are of 
Council for us, still requesting of [you] and them that by the first 
opportunity wee may be informed from yourselfe what may be need- 
ful for us to doe under our present circumstances, as also what is past 
concerning us ; not to give you further trouble at present remain, 
your assured Loving friends, 

Edward Raavsox, Secretary 
in the name and by the order of the General Court. ■^ 

1685. Thorsday, June 4tb, Mr. Mather preaches from 
Isa. 14. 32. Doct. The Church of God shall stand and 
abide for ever. Probable that N, E. Church shall doe so. 
The 87th. Psalm simg. Mr. Stoughton and Dudley dine 
with us. Mr. Stoughton inclines to take his Oath ; Mr. 
Mather, Capt. Scottow and Capt. Gidney dine with us 
likewise. This day the Chancery Bill is passed. 

Monday, June 8th. 8 Companies Train : in the morn, 
between 7 and 8 o'clock. Asaph Eliot comes in and tells 
me a Rumor in the Town of the New Governour being 
come to New York, and the certain News, doleful news of 
Mr. Shepard of Charlestown, his being dead, of whoes ill- 
ness I heard nothino^at all. Saw him very well this day 
senniii-ht ; was much smitten with the News. Was taken 

^ This address and letter are printed in Col. Kec, V. 4(j!3, -iGS. — Eos. 

6 



82 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

on Friday night, yet being to preach and administer the 
Lord's Supper on Sabbath day, forbore Phj^sick, at least at 
first. This day Mr. Stoughton and Dudley come in, and 
in their places at Court in the afternoon, take their Oaths. 
N[ote]. Charlestown was to have had a great bussle in 
Training on Tuesday with Horse and Foot, Capt. Ham- 
mond eno-ao-ing some of Boston to be there ; but now 'tis 
like to be turned into the Funeral of their Pastor : he 
dying full and corpulent. Mr. Bayly, Sen'r dined with 
ns at Mr. Pain's. The reverend Mr. Thos, Shepard was 
ordained May 5, 1680 by Mr. Sherman, Mr. Oakes giving 
the Right Hand of Fellowship. Mr. Sh.'s Text Heb. 13. 
20 — That great Shepherd of the Sheep. 

On the Sabbath June 711' '85, Cous. Quinsey had his 
Daughter Anne baptized. 

Tuesday, June 9-' The Reverend Mr. Tho!* Shepard 
buried : Governour, Deputy Governour and Magistrates 
there. Mr. Bulkely dined with us and was there. 
Bearers, Mr. Mather, Mr. Simes, Mr. Willard, Mr. Hub- 
bard of Cambridge, Mr. Nathaniel Gookin, Mr. Cotton 
Mather : the two last preached at Charlestown the last 
Sabbath day. It seems there were some Verses ; but 
none pinned on the Herse. Scholars went before the 
Herse. A pretty number of Troopers there. Capt. 
Blackwell and Counsellor Bond there. 

Tuesday, June 9^.'/ 1685. Govy Edw. Cranfield sails away 
in his Sloop from Portsmouth. It is like is gone to Bar- 
bados. Teste Petr. Weai^e. 

Thorsday Even, June 11^.'.' Brother Steven Sewall lodges 
here : hath been extroam ill. 

Satterday, June 13'.!' Capt. Benj" Gillam buried. Gov! 
Bradstreet's Effigies hung up in his best Rooui this day. 

Wednesday, June 17"' a Quaker or two goe to the Gover- 
nour and ask leave to enclose the Ground [on the Com- 
mon] the Hanged Quakers are buried in under or near 
the Gallows, with Pales : Governour proposed it to the 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 83 

Council, who unanimously denyed it as very inconvenient 
for persons so dead and buried in the place to have any 
Monument. 

Thorsday, June 18. A Quaker comes to the Governour 
and sj)eaks of a Message he had which was to shew the 
great Calamities of Fire and Sword that would suddenly 
come on New-England. \Yould fain have spoken in the 
Meetinghouse, but was prevented. Eliakim comes home 
this day, brings word that Capt. Henchman is coming 
away from Worcester with his Family. 

Noyes this day of a French Pirat on the Coast, of 36 
Guns. 

Satterday, June 20t^ 1685. The Court not agreeing 
about the Proviso in the end of the 2'! Section of the Law, 
title Courts, adjourns till Tuesday July 7*.^' except Occa- 
sion be, and then the Governour is to call them sooner. 
Also the Dep* Governour goes to keep Court at York next 
week with Mr. Nowel, and several other Magistrates will 
go out of Town. The final difference between the Magis- 
trates and Deputies is : The Governour and several with 
him would Repeal the Proviso, letting the rest of the Law 
stand as it does ; the Deputies have voted the Repeal of 
the Proviso ; and withall that the Remainder of the Law 
have this alteration, viz : in stead of greater part of the 
Magistrates, — greater number of the Magistrates present 
— so to make the Law new as [it] might be construed 
contrary to the Charter : the Governour, Mr. Stoughton, 
Dudley and several otliers could not consent. 

Voted, the 16*.'.' of July to be observed as a Fast. 

Satterday, P. M. Carried my Wife to Dorchester to eat 
Cherries, Rasberries, chiefly to ride and take the Air : the 
Time my Wife and Mrs. Flint spent in the Orchard. I spent 
in Mr. Flint's Stuch', reading Calvin on the Psalms ic. 4-3. 
68. 24. 

Sabbath, June 21, 168-5. Mr. Solomon Stoddard preaclies 
in the i\iternoon from Gal. 5. 17. shewinu' that there is a 



84 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

principle of Godliness in every true Believer ; and how it 
differs from Moral Vertue, &c. Some little disturbance by 
a Quaker about the time of Baptism. 

Wednesday, June 24, 1685. Carried my Wife to Cam- 
bridge-Lecture ; Mr. Willard preached from those words, 
He that knows and does not his Master's will, shall be 
beaten with many Stripes. Dined with Mr. Nathaniel 
Gookin. 

June 25. Mr. Rnssel of Hadley preacheth the Lecture 
from Zech. 7. 5. Did ye at all fast unto me, even to 
me ? 

Publick Fast, By the Governour and Company of the 
Massachusetts Bay in N. E. at a Gen^ Court held at Boston 
May 27. 1685. 

This Court having taken into their serious consideration, 
that in respect of afflictive Sicknesses in man}^ Places, and 
some Threatenings of Scarcity as to our necessary food, 
and upon other Accounts also, we are under solemn Frowns 
of the Divine Providence ; being likewise sensible, that the 
People of God in other parts of the World are in a low 
Estate, 

Do therefore appoint the Sixteenth day of July next, 
to be set apart as a Day of publick Iluiniliation by Fast- 
ing and Prayer throughout this Colony, exhorting all who 
are the Lord's Remembrancers, to give Him no rest, till 
Isai. 62. 7. He establish and make Jerusalem a Praise in 
the Earth : And do hereby prohibit the Inhabitants of this 
Jurisdiction all servile Labour upon the said Day. 

By the Court, Edward Bawson Secretary. Copyed out 
of the Print. 

June 25'.'.' A Ship comes in to Marble head, and brings 
news of the King's Coronation. 

June 26. Mr. Jn.° Cotton, and Mr. Solomon Stoddard 
dine here. 

Satterday, June 27"' It pleaseth God to send Eain on 
the wenry dusty Earth. 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 85 

Wednesday, July 1, 1685. Commencement day ; Peter 
Butler comes in from London, brings news of the King's 
Coronation, Sermon and Formalities, with a Letter from 
Mr. Humfryes, and a Copy of the Judgement entered up 
against us that [is] about 145 p«ages, cost 5'?* 10. having 
Pengry's Rec* upon an outside Leafe. 

Cous. Nath. Duiner is brought by Cous. Jer. to our 
House this day, he came in Mr. Butler who came in Late 
Last Night ; so came not ashoar till this morn. Goes to 
the Commencement with Eliakim. Besides Disputes there, 
are four orations, One Latin by Mr. Dudley ; and two 
Greek, one Hebrew by Nath Mather, and Mr. President 
after giving the Degrees made an Oration, in Praise of 
Academical Studies and Degrees, Hebrew Tongue : Mr. 
Collins, Shepard, &c. Dept. Governour and Mr. Nowell 
absent ; not returned from keeping Court in the Prov- 
ince of Mayn. Governour there, whom I accompanied by 
Charlestown. After Diner the o"! part of the 103 Psalm 
was suno; in the Hall. 

Thorsday, July 2'! 1685. Mr. Cotton Mather preaches 
from 2. Cor. 5. 5. In's Father's Turn, who keeps at 
Cambridi2:e. 

After the County Court is over, is a Conference at his 
Honours; present the Governour, Mr. Stoughton, Dudley, 
Eichards, Sewall, Mr. Torrey, Brinsmead, Willard, Adams. 
Were unanimous as to what discoursed relating to our 
Circumstances, the Charter being Condemned. Every 
one spake. 

Satterday, July l*.!" 1685. Little Hull hath a Convulsion 
Fit: it took him sleeping in the Cradle after Difier. 

I was taken ill myself very feverish so as feared the 
Fever and Ague, took some Cardnus Drink at night. 
Sweat pretty well, and so it went off, blessed be God. 

Satterday, about 4 mane Isaac Woode dyes ])retty sud- 
denly : for was abroad the day before tlio' had been not 
well a 14 niirht. 



86 DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

Monday, July 6"\ I am taken with a Feverish Fit ; yet 
go to Court in the Afternoon, the County Court, where 
was read Major Pynchon's Letter to the Council ; which 
is that 5 Men came to one of the Houses of Westfield (I 
think) about midnight 28^^ June, knockt at the door, the 
Man bid him come in, so in they came all Armed with 
drawn Swords, and threatened to run the man and his wife 
through if they stirred : so plundered that House, and 
another in like manner: told tliey had 60 Men in their 
Company and that if they stirred out of door, they would 
kill them ; so stayd in a great part of Monday, then when 
thought the Coast was clear told the Neio'hbours and some 
were sent to Search after them ; at last found them : one 
of the 5 snapt and missed fire, another shot, then one of 
ours shot so as to shoot one of theirs dead : another of 
the fought one of ours with his sword, till another of 
ours knockt him down. One or two that were taken are 
brought to Boston, one at least is escaped. Major Pynchon 
his Works will cost near an hundred Pounds. 

An Indian was branded in Court and had a piece of his 
Ear cut off for Burglary. 

Tuesday, July 7"' Brother Moody visits us. General 
Court sits in the Afternoon. Time is spent in ordering a 
Drum to beat up for Yolunteers about 30. Samson Waters, 
Capt., to go with Mr. Patteshal's Brigenteen to fetch in 
two Privateers that tliis morn are said to be in the Bay, a 
Sloop and Shalop, in the Shalop, Graham.^ 

Wednesday I take a Vomit, after 12 Sweat much, when 
cold lit past. Mr. Stoughton and Dudley visit me and 
Mr. Secretary. Thorsday morn take Cortex Peruvianus 

1 The Col. Kecords, V. 4S8, 489, show that tliis friq-ht was caused by the 
pirates Veal and Graham. A drum was beat for volunteers, not exceeding 
forty, for manning JMr. Richard Patteshall's briq-antine, and they were to 
meet at Mr. John Vyall's, at the Ship Tavern. I>y the next order, the Court 
decreed, that, as men did not readily (>nlist, " free plunder be offered to such 
as shall voluntarily lyst theinselves, or that a sufficient number of men be 
forthwith impressed to that service." — Eds. 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 87 

in a glass of Wine. Marshal Gen^ comes to speak with me, 
being sent to call me to Court because all the Magistrates 
might be together to give their sence what to do when 
Col. Kirk comes, and how to receive him. Brother and 
Sister Gerrish lodged here last night. I had very little 
sleep. Brother and Sister Gerrish Lodged here. 

Now about News comes to Town that Panama is taken 
by one Banister an English Man ; and that by the help 
of the Natives he intends to hold it. 

Friday, July lOll'. I take another dos of the Cortex : 
my Fit stayes away. Brother and Sister Gerrish go home. 
Between 2 and 3. P. M. as Mr. Fisk and Mr. Wyllys 
were talking with me, it grew darkish, thundered, and a 
very sudden, violent storm of Rain, Wind and Hail arose 
which beat so upon the Glass and partly broke it, as star- 
tled us. The Window of Mothers Bed-Chamber next the 
Street hath many Quarrels broken in it, all over, except 
the sidelong Pane next the Shop. We were speaking 
about Col. Kirk's comino: over.^ 

Mr. Stoughton visits me and tells of the Court's Ad- 
journment till next Tuesday Senight and then the Elders 
to meet them and advise.^ Mr. Dudley and Mr. Bullivant 
visit me at the same time. Mr. Stouo-hton also told me 
of George Car's Wife being with child by another Man, 
tells the Father, Major Pike sends her down to Prison. 
Is the Governour's Grandchild by his daughter Cotton. 

One Vicars drowned, the boat he was in being sunk in 
the Harbour by the Gust ; our Washer's Son. 



^ Tlie ever infamous Colonel Piercy Kirk, already known as employed at 
Tangier, was designated by James 11. as governor of tlie colony. Talfrey 
writes (III. 395), '' that campaign in the "West of England had not yi't taken 
place, which has made the name of Kirk immortal; but fame cniHigli had 
gone abroad of his brutal character to make his advent an anticipation of 
horror to those whom he was to govern." But ^Massachusetts was spared tlie 
intlictiini. — Eds. 

- This conference with the Elders of the several towns was a matter of 
formal vote. Col. llec, V. -102. — Eus. 



88 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

Jn^ Balston arrives ; when was below, was some rumor 
that the Governour was come. July 10^.' '85, brings news 
the Parliament had sate, and were adjourned for a day or 
two. Dr. Gates has been wliipt and set in the Pillory. 
Was set in the Pillory before the Exchange, May 19, the 
day of the Parliament Sitting : 'Tis for Perjury. 

Sabbath-day, July 5. Mr. Sherman the Father is taken 
dehrious in Sndbury Pulpit; so fain to be born away ; is 
now sick of the Fever and Aii-ue. Orders g-o out to Towns 
that have not sent, to send a Deputy or Deputies at their 
peril against the 21. Instant, and the Elder w^arned also 
to appear ; I read the paper to Watertown. The Depu- 
ties that were present on Friday, are to warn the respect- 
ive Elders. 

Wednesday, P. M., July 15. Very dark, and great 
Thunder and Litrhteninji;. 

One Humphry Tiffiuy and Frances Low, Daugliter of 
Antony Low, are slain with the Lightening and Thunder 
about a mile or half a mile beyond Billinges Farm, the 
Horse also slain, that they rode on, and another Horse in 
Company slain, and his Rider who held the Garment on 
the Maid to steady it at the time of the Stroke, a coat or 
cloak, stounded, but not killed. Were coming to Boston. 
Antony Low being in Town the sad Bill was put up with 
[regard] of that Solemn judgment of God ; Fast-day Fore- 
noon. July 15, 1685. 2 Persons, 2 Horses. 

July IT. Mr. AUin makes me an Issue in my left Arm. 

July 19t^ By accident the Spear was not sent on Sat- 
terday, but this night ; I not being very throughly re- 
covered, Mr. Goose Watches accompanied by Sam. Clark, 
and Cous. Nath. Duiiier. This Sabbathday Mrs. Sarah 
Noyes's House broken up in time of Afternoon-Exercise ; 
and Money Stolen ; Ens. Pecker's the Sabbath before. 

A Bristow-Man comes in this day, and fires hve Guns 
at the Castle, which a little startles us. 

Tuesday July 21. Cous. Nath. DuiTier goes to Salem 



1G85.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 89 

in order to pass to Newbury next day. Brother Stephen 
comino; for him. 

This day about 31 Ministers meet, Mr. Higginson 
Prayes excellently : Governour gives the Question. Bine 
all together at Monk's.^ After Diner about 3 or 4 aclock, 
they give their Answere, i.e. Mr. Hubbard Speaks in behalf 
of the rest, that their Opinion was the Government ought 
not to give way to another till the Generall Court had 
seen and judged of the Coiiiission ; so should be called if 
not Sitting at the Arrival of a Comissioned Governour. 
But several expressed some Dissent : And after, shewed 
themselves extreamly dissatisfied, saying that Mr. Hub- 
bard had greatly abused them and that he was not ordered 
by the Ministers that they knew to speak their minds, 
which six gave in under their Hands. The Meeting has 
been uncomfortable, and I doubt will breed great Ani- 
mosities. 

Thorsday 23'! July. Five Ministers gave under their 
Hands that Mr. Hubbard was apointed by the Ministers 
to deliver their mind, and that [he] had delivered it right. 
First five were, Mr. Jn? Higginson, Sam. Chiever, Joseph 
Estabrooks, Nicholas Noyes, Tho. Barnard. 

The Governour goes from Lecture sick of a Cold, and 
dines not with us, nor comes to Court. Col. Pye dines 
with us, who comes hether by Land from Mary-Land. 

Friday, July 24. Governour not abroad, very sharp 
debates about submission &c. upon a Governour's Arrival, 
occasioned by a vote from the Deputies to the piu-pose 
that the Court be Adjourned till 3'.' Wednesday in August 
except some demand of the Government from His Majes- 
tic be made before, then that effectual Order be taken for 
convening the Court by Governour, Dep. Governour or 3 

^ George ]\Ioiik kept tlio VAne Anchor Tavern, which was on A\'asliington, 
north of the store now occupied by Little, Brown, & Co., one estate. Inrty 
feet wide, intervening. The i)hice and the man are noted in Dunton"s •■ Let- 
ters from New England," reprinted in 1807 by tlie i'rince Society. — Lns. 



90 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

Magistrates of Boston, and no Answer to be given till 
then. Magistrates past a Negative and another Vote for 
Adjournment till 2^ Wednesday in October. Address is 
past but several did not vote, of which Self one.^ Mr. 
Houghton and Dudley called as went home. 

Mr. Higginson gave in his Opinion for Submission this 
day in case a Comissioned Governour come over. 

Satterday, July 25. Governour is prevailed with to 
sign the Address. Court is Adjourned by the Dept. 
Governour (for Governour at home) till the 2!^ Wednesday 
in August at one aclock : Several Freemen first made. 

July 29*;^ Cous. Dumer returns, and brings word of 
Mr. Batters Death this morn. He went from Court, 
as Mr. Addington the Speaker remembers, last Thorsday. 
Mr. Nath. Green arrives this day, come from London June 
the G. Jolls arrived in whom went the Letter concern- 
ino- the Kind's Proclamation. 

Tho. Fayrewether a day or two before, by whom we 
hear of Argyle's Rising in Scotland, Landing there from 
Holland with the preparations against him. Act of Par- 
liament for Settling the King's Revenue, as to the former 
Kino:. 

Thorsday, July 30. Actions (33) being heard, Court is 
Adjourned till Tuesday next, Jury not dismissed because 
of Several Criminals. 

Friday, July ult. Condey arrives, hath had the Small 
Pocks of which Jn^ Cutts, his own Son, a youth, and one 
more are dead ; but 'tis said have been well a 14 night. 
When came a little above the Castle, took in the Colours 
and cast Anchor, and a Man coming from on Board would 
not tell what the matter was, so beo-an to noise it that the 
new Governour was come, flocking to the waterside. Not 
considering that Condey came out before Green. 

^ The Record gives a copy of the address as voted, and tlie Court adjourned 
to the second Wednesday in August. At that date, nothing important was 
done, and an adjournment was made to Sept. IG, and then to Oct. 14. — Eds. 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 91 

Satterclay, Aug* 1. An order from the Council is signed 
to cause the Ship to remove lower to Lovel's Hand, and 
there the Passengers, Ship, and Goods between Decks to 
be Aired : None to come to any Town till further Order. 
And None to entertain persons coming from the Ship. 
Yet Mr. Yaughan and Wyar gone homeward. Mr. Sam! 
Epps dyed in London last April. It seems upon the 30^.^ 
of July Mr. Eliot riding home his Horse stumbled and 
threw him, by which means his Collar-Bone is broken 
near his shoulder which puts him in great pain. 

Wednesday, Augt. 5. rode to Dorchester Lecture with 
Cous. Nath. Duiiier ; was kindly entertained at Mr. Stough- 
ton's after Lecture. Goino- thither I saw a few Feet of 
Ground enclosed with Boards, which is done by the Quak- 
ers out of respect to som one or more hanged and buried 
by the Gallows : though the Governour forbad them, when 
they asked Leave. 

Aug* 7^.^* Eldridge Sails for London, wherein goes the 
Address to Kino^ James the 2'.^ ILath been hindered from 
July 27- by running on a Rock, essaying to go out at 
Broad Sound. 

Satterdny 8. at night August 8. 1G85. The Reverend 
Mr. Jn!' Sherman dyes : seemed to be cheerly in the morn 
and on Friday : the wether extreani hot : Is l)uriod on 
Monday August 10. 1G85. Not many Ministers there, I 
supose knew not of it. Dept. Governour, Major General 
Gookin, Mr. Stougliton, Dudk\y, Davie, Richards, Nowel, 
Russel, Hutchinson, Cook, Sewall, there: Governour not 
present. I saw one or two Coaches. He is much La- 
mented as a Godly, prudent, peacable Man. By Ed. Oaks 
I luiderstand Mr. Adams is seised again with his Fever- 
Ague, so that said Oaks preach'd there all day on the 
Sa1)batli. AVlien return from the Funeral, I iind my little 
Hull extream ill. 

Auii:t. 12. General Court meets: Thorsdav Auui;t. 13. 
Adjourns till 3'.^ Wednesday in September, excepting 



92 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

Emergency. This Court ordered Court of Assistant Ju- 
rymen from Salem, and other Towns, not of late usual. 
The Treasurer refused to send out Warrants for Valuation, 
without a special order of Court, lest thereby he should 
seem to accept of that Office ; so in his Bill he drew up, 
mentioned their providing a Treasurer against October. 
So the Secretary is ordered to give forth Warrants to the 
Towns to send in Votes for Treasurer to be presented to 
October Court. Is a Rumor that a Comission will be 
granted to some Gentlemen here, before the Governour 
come. 

Augt. 14. I go to the Funeral of Robert Saunderson's 
young Son. At night Mr. Willard, Eliot Jacob, Rob! 
Walker, Frary, Nath. Oliver, Benj. Davis meet here to 
discourse. Because the two last named desire to come 
into the Church without making any Relation at all ; or 
having Mr. Willard report the Substance of what they 
said to him. 

Tuesday, Augt. 18. The Posthumous Daughter of James 
Richards Esqr. is to be buried this day, died very sud- 
denly. 

Monday Morn. Augt. 17. The sad and unexpected 
Newes of Mr. Adams's ^ Death came to Tow^n. Is to be 
buried on Wednesday. Relations of the young Nymph 
above, are also Relations to Mr. Adams.^ 

Mr. Adams sate down to Super with us on Thorsday 
even Augt, 6. in Company with Mr. Torrey. Mr. Torrey 
cravinsi: a Blessinti;, thanked God for the Interview. This 
day his Election Sermon came out, and Augt. the 7'.'.' Friday 
morn, he gave me the Errata, whiclnvas chiefly carried away 



1 A classmate of Sewall. — Eds. 

2 This liint of a connection between "Rev. William Adams and the daughter 
of James Richards by his wife Sarah, daughter of William Gibbons, is not to 
be explained now. James was possibly son of Thomas and Weltliian Rich- 
ards; but of Adams we know only that his father, William, was of Ipswich. 
— Eds. 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 93 

in stead of carried with ambition. Snped with a new sort 
of Fish called Coiiers, my wife had bought, which occa- 
sioned Discourse on the Subject. Mr. Adams returned 
Thanks. 

Wednesday, Augt. 19* 1685. I ride to the Funeral of 
the Reverend Mr. Wi? Adams from Roxbury, in the Com- 
pany of Mr. Hutchinson, Sergeant and their wives. Mag- 
istrates there, Dept. Governour, Mr. Stoughton, Dudley 
Richards, Cook ; Four of our Class, viz : Mr. Thacher, 
Bowls, Norton, Self. I took one Spell at carrying him. 
Is laid in Mr. Lusher's Tomb. Mr. Wilson prayed with 
the Company before they went to the Grave. Dyed a 
strong Death about Sun-Rise on Monday morn. 

Augt. 20, 1685. Mr. Moodey preaches from Ps. 74. 9. 
There is no more any Prophet : With respect to four 
Ministers taken away in less than twice so many Moneths: 
Shewed that 'twas a peculiar Aggravation to all other 
Afflictions and Fears. Mr. Edw. Taylor lodges here this 
night, he hastened to Town against Lecture-day that so 
misrht see Mr. Adams amono; the Ministers after Lecture ; 
but coming, found me gone to His Funeral. 

Augt. 26. Mr. Condey the Shipmaster dyes about 9. 
last nio-ht. Hath been sick but a little while. 

Augt. 27. Mr. Thomas Bayly preaches in Mr. Mather's 
Turn. After Lecture Capt. Condey buried. Gloves given 
to the Magistrates. Eight Companies warned to Train 
next Monday. Capt. Eliot also warns the Troop. 

Friday, Augt. 28, 1685. Mr. Foy arrives from London, 
about 8 weeks Passage, brings News of Argyle's Ijcing 
taken : and of Monmouth's beino; in Arms in Eni>-land, 
with Rumors of a frreat Enijafjement and 30 or 40.000 
slain, which Solomon Raynsford told us at Dinner. 'Tis 
said there are Black Boxes sent to Mr. Stoughton, Dudley, 
Bulkly, and Wharton. Many are clapt up in London, so 
that the Halls [of the Companies, e. ^., Fishmongers, 
Plumbers, iS:c.] full. 



94 DIAKT OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

This day Angt. 28. is a Churcli Meeting at which 'tis 
consented that Persons may be taken in, the Church only 
being present, and not the Congregation: at the same 
time Mr. Benj. Davis, Mr. Nath. Ohver and Mr. Sam! 
Checkly were propounded. 

Monday, Augt. 31. Eight Companies and the Troop 
Train. Dine with the South-Company, Capt. Blackwell, Mr. 
Brown of Barbados, Mr. Tho. Bayly, Capt. Gerrish, Capt. 
Jn° Higginson, Cous. Duiner Trained. This morn CoiTiis- 
sioners chosen, and by reason of the Training, persons 
came and delivering their Votes went away, and some 
came not at all, so that was but Nine Persons when they 
were proclaimed and but eleven at any time in telling. 
Most had 61 Votes, generally 50 odd. Mr. Nowell and 
my self present for 2. 

After went to see my sick Ensign, and staid while Mr. 
Willard went to prayer w^ith him, his Life is feared. A 
Ten-pound Horse was stab'd and killed with a Pike this 
day, Jn° Bemis's : Company made a Gathering 16s. In 
the South-Company, Mr. Allen Prayed, 5-9 verses 149 
Ps. sung. 

Thorsday, Septf 3^ My Ensign Mr. Asaph Eliot dyes 
about 3 past Meridian, of a Fever. Is to be buried next 
Satterday about 2 of the Clock. Mr. Jn? Bayly preached 
the Lecture. Several desirable j)ersons are lately dead at 
Watertown in a week or two. 

Friday, Septf 4, '85. about 6 aclock Mr. Asaph Eliot, 
Ensign of the South-Company was buried : 'twas rainy 
wether, but had 7 Files Pikes and 6 Musketeers. Mr. 
EHot was about 34 years old. 

Sabbath-day, SeptF 6. in the time of Afternoon-Exercise, 
a considerable Gust of Thunder, Lightening, Eain. 

Supose this to be the day that a Barn was burnt by it 
at Eoxbury. 

Tuesday Sept. 8. A Porpus was pursued and taken 
witliin the inward Wharfs. 



1085.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 95 

Wednesday, 7 : 9^!^ Dined at Mr. Dudley's in Company 
of Counsellor Bond, Mr. Stoughton, Blackwell, Davie, Tor- 
rey, Willard, Shrimpton, El? Hutchinson, Paige, King, 
Allen, Mrs. Willard, Mrs. Paige. Mr. Hutchinson shewed 
me his Letter concerning his Mill at Piscataqua, wherein 
is sollicited to build a Fort, lest the Indians burn it. When 
came home heard of a Body of Indians near Chelmsford, 
3 or 400. The Rumors and Fears concerning them do 
much increase. 

The Indians are near Albany : Wonolanset brings the 
news to Chelmsford ; and mistrusts of their mischievous 
Designs. 

Thorsday 7 : lO*!* Mr. Jn° Cotton preaches the Lecture. 
After Lecture Counsellor Bond dines with the Court, 
Thanks them all for their curtesy and kindness to him. 
Goes off in Mr. Smith. 

Sabbath-day Septf 13, 1685. Mr. Benj. Davis, Nath! 
Oliver, Sam! Checkly and his wife are received into the 
Church, which is a Sabbath or 2 sooner than I expected : 
The Lord's Super not being to be administered till Oct!" 
4*1' Sam! Checkly had most in 's Relation : two wear 
Perriwigs : ' viz : Davis, Checkly. 

Mr. Bond with us to day. Were first propounded 
Augt. 28. 

Sept. 14, 1G85. Go to Cambridge, and there hear Mr. 
Wigglesworth preach excellently from those words, Fight 
the good Fight of Faith, Lay hold on eternal Life. vld. 
Notes.^ Capt. Hill chosen Capt. Mr. Lynde Lieut. Mr. 
Williams of New-Cambridge [Newton] Ensign, Mr. Hill 
I think will not accept. Coming home, hear of Meadfield 
Mill being burnt, and their confusion at Malborough last 



^ ]\rany evidences, of Sewall's intense dislike of " Perriwigs " appear in liis 
papers. — Eds. 

^ In the Cabinet of the Historical Society are several small MS. volumes, 
which prove Mr. Sewall's zeal and diligence in making full notes of serniona 
heard by him. — Eos. 



96 DIARr OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

Satterday niglit. A suspected Indian is put in Prison. It 
seems were in Arms last Sabbathday at Dedham, somway 
knowing of Meadfield Mill being burnt. People are much 
perplexed. 

Tuesday, Sept! 15. Take leav of Mr. Bond and give 
him Mr. Oakes's Artillery Sermon to read at Sea, stitched 
in Marble paper. Sails in Mr. Smith. 

Tuesday, Sept!" 15, 1685. Mr. Barns tells me the Gov- 
ernour of Carolina is come to Town this day for his health : 
is so weak that stumbled at a pebble and fell down. Name, 
West. Mr. Willard speaks to the 7^^ Coiiiandment, con- 
demns naked Brests : and seems to be atz-ainst the Mar- 

O 

riasre of First-Cousins. 

Thorsday, Sept' 17. News comes to Town of the ris- 
ini>: of the Neg-ros at Jamaica. Proves nothino- answerable 
to the Rumor. 

Generall Court havinsc Voted that care be taken to see 
that all Persons are fui-nisht Math Arms and Amunition ac- 
cording to Law because of Indians, that Wonolanset have 
£10. given him to apease, [him] because he alledges some 
of his carried away contrary to safe Conduct, and for his 
late Service ; that the West end of the Town-House be 
secured with Lead at the Country's Charge, Court is 
adjourned to the 2"! Wednesday in October at one of the 
Clock. Tim- Prout made surveyor general in Mr. Stod- 
dard's Room, to look after stock of Powder &c. 

Mr. Dudley, Saltonstall, Buckley, to say whether they 
will accept their Commissions as Majors. 

Sabbath-day night, Septr. 20. 1685. Watch with Isaac 
Goose, and Cous. Natli. Duiiier. Sam. Clark keeps on 
Board his Brother's Ship, intending a Voyage to Sea, 
having no work in the Shop. 

Note, Saljbath-day, ScptT 20. Mr. Jn° Baily preaches 
with us all day : Mr. Willard at Watertown. In the xVftcr- 
noon from those words of Job, Till my Change come. 
Doct. Death a very great Change. 



1635.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 97 

Monday, 7r 21. Shewed Mr. Tho. Chiever, Schoolmaster, 
in the Evening, what had received from Jamaica concern- 
ing Zadori. [a stranger from Hungary.] 

Tuesday, 7' 22. 1685. Jn? Gardener came in late last 
nis^ht ; this morniniz; the News he brino;s runs throw the 
Town, viz. that James late D. of Monmouth was beheaded 
on Tower-Hill on the 15*.^ July last. Argyle drawn, hanged 
and quartered. Neigbour Fifield brought me the News, 
who had it from the Cryer of Fish. 

Mr. Nowel and Moodey called here, having been to see 
sick father Porter, this morn 7^ 22. 

7^ 22. This day Mr. Morgan, his Lady and Family 
arrive from Barbados intending to dwell here for some 
time. 

By the same Ship word is brought of the death of Mr. 
Henry Higginson of the Small Pocks. 

7' 22. In the Afternoon I visit Father Porter, and Mr. 
West late Governor of Carolina, who comes hether for cure 
of the Dry Gripes. 

Wednesday 7f 23. Cous. Nath. Duiiier and I ride to 
Milton Lecture. Before Lecture, 1 went to Anthony Gul- 
liver and got him to go with me to Penny-Ferry and shew 
me the Marsh [he] was to buy of Mr. Gardener. He owned 
that he hired the Marsh 6 Acres of my Father at fifty 
shillings and would see me paid ; seemed to say he hired 
it for his Son. Dined at Mr. Thacher's. 

Wednesday night, Sept!" 23. Mr. Clutterbuck Arrives 
from New-Castle and brinijs word that he saw Aro-ile's 
head cut off June the last ; and the certain Newes of the 
Death of Monuiouth about the middle of July. Dissenters 
in the North released, and Scotland in quiet. 

'Tis remarkable that Clutterbuck should from Ocular 
Testimony contradict diametrically the Rumors that were 
spread in Town Friday was Sefiight and strongly propa- 
gated, said to come by Clutterbuck : which was a nicer 
Lve. 

7 



98 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

Laurence Vandcnbosk Fr.[ench] Minister Marries 
Sylvester and Widow Gillam ; though had prom- 



is'd the Court to do no more such things : this about the 
beginning 7' : is since gone to New York.^ 

7^ 25. Brother and Sister Stev. Sewall visit us. His 
Honour visits the CaroHna Governour. 

7^ 26. Jn" Turner arrives from Newfoundland, brings 
above 20 Passengers, though his vessel so very small. 14— 
Passage. 

Monday, Sept' 28, 1685. Meeting of Boston-Freemen 
to chuse a Treasurer for the Coimtry. Mrs. Stanbury 
buried last night. 

The last high Tide carried away the Bridge at Cam- 
bridge [to what is now Brighton], part of it; so that 
Cous. Fissenden now keeps a Ferry there. Seth tells me 
'tis that part the Town was to maintain. Friday was 
Seiiight, by a Eaft of Boards. 

Sept' 29. Cous. Nath. Duiiier goes to Salem in Capt. 
More to try to sell what remains of his Goods, for Fish 
there. Cous. Fissenden calls in, all were well lately at 
Newbury, he having visited them. 

Thorsday, Oct' 1. 1685. Mr, Samson Stoddard arrives, 
who came from London the 25. July : brings the particu- 
lars of the Takina: and Executing of the Late Duke 3f 
Monmouth whoes Head he saw struck off. Persons con- 
fined are now released. 

Friday, Oct!" 2. go to Andrew Gardener's at Muddy Eiver 



^ This matter is referred to in the printed "Vindication of Xew Entr- 
land," presumed to be mainly written by Increase JNIather, reprinted in 
" Andros Tracts," Vol. II. It is there written, that " 'tis confessed that care 
or twice a Debauched Priest has appeared amons^st them; particularly one 
Vardenbosch, wlio besides the good work of Baptizing a noted ^Vhore or two 
of his acquaintance, made private ^Marriages without any previous publica- 
tion of Banes (which is a nusance and Bane to all humane society); and yet 
so tender was the Government as oidy to give tliem some Orall Rebukes, upon 
which the guilty Knaves have run away." Savage calls him Lawrence Vau- 
derbosk, a Huguenot clergyman. — Eds. 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 99 

to gather Chestnuts in Company Mr. Dudley, Shrimpton, 
Lidget, Luscomb : 3 last I knew nothing of till came 
to Roxbury. Made us Eat there after came from Nut- 
ting. 

Monday OctT 5. Cloudy Lowring day, yet the Artillery 
Company goes over to Charlestown : the 2 Companies 
Train : we divide into 2, and with Cambridge Artillery 
opose them upon the Hill in prospect of the Harbour. 
Mr. Cotton Mather praj^ed wdth us in the morn, and at 
breaking up. Capt. Wade with his Troop there : the 
Major Generall with a small Guard. Major Richards, 
Mr. Treasurer, Mr. Nowel, Cook, dine with us at Jack- 
son's. Mr. Cotton Mather Craves a Blessino; and Returns 
Thanks. Got over about dark. 

Wednesday, 8r 7'^ Meeting at our House, Mr. Zech. 
Walker speaks from Gen. G. 8, 9. to very good purpose, 
shewing how may walk to be in a way of findhig favour 
in God's Sight. Last Direct, was to carry it as inoffensively 
as might towards Men, that our own Rashness and indis- 
cretion might not be the cause of our sufferino;. 

Thorsday, Oct^ 8. Dolebery arrives being 7 weeks this 
day from London : brings little News that I hear of ; only 
'tis rumored, we are not like to have an alteration of the 
Government this year. A j'outh about nine years old. Son 
to Eiiianuel Wishart, drowned this day. County Court dis- 
solved. 

Satterday, Oct!" 10, 1685. We read in course the de- 
feat of Adonija ; and the illustrious Coronation of King 
Solomon. 

Sabbath-day, Oct^ 11. A day of Sore Rain almost all 
dav Loni»: : Rained verv hard t^-oini!: to and from Meetius'- 
forenoon and all Meeting time till 2 aclock, and great part 
Afternoon, and now at dark Rains hard. Ilath been cloudy. 
Rainy, dark Wether above this week : but this Day exceeds. 
Eliza. Foxcroft Baptised this Afternoon. 

Monday, Oct! 12. Soutli-Company Trains, rest discour- 



100 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

aged by the wet because thought could not perform their 
intended Exercise. 

Tuesday, Octf 13. Is a rumor in Town of Jolls's beino; 
cast away on the Cape and all the Passengers Lost but 
five Persons ; Mr. Randolph drowned : but supose all 
groundless. 

Friday, Oct' 16. The Reverend Mr. Michael Wisro^les- 
worth is chosen by the Magistrates to Preach the next 
Election-Sermon. 

Satterday, Oct! 17. Yesterday Mr. Stoughton and Dud- 
ley were grossly abused on the Road by James Begelo 
[Bigelow] of Watertown, and others. Begelo lay in Gaol 
all night, and to day bound over to the County Court first 
Tuesday in November. Court adjourned till Tuesday Morn- 
ing next ; partly because of the designed Training. Before 
Adjournment the Deputies sent down a Smart Bill, alledg- 
ing that they were no blameable cause of the Laws not 
beino; Printed. 

Monday, Oct' lO'- Training of Six Companies. Exer- 
cise was Takino; of the Fort and advancino; White Colours 
with Red Cross, above the Red Colours : so it stood while 
went to Dinner. Then Retaken. Firing's on the Coinon : 
Yollies to the Governour. About Nine aclock at nig^ht 
News comes to Town of Capt. Henchman's Death at 
Worcester last Thorsday ; buried on Friday. Yery few 
at his Funeral, his own Servants, a white and black, 
carried him to, and put him in his Grave. His Wife and 
children following and no more, or but one or two more. 

Tuesday, Oct!" 20'^ Mr. Torrey here, prays with me and 
mv Wife in the Mornino-. Great Rain and Storm. 

Oct-: 21, 1G85. Capt. Jn" Phillips finally refuses to be 
Treasurer ; the Magistrates chuse Mr. Nowel : but the 
Deputies would have it done by the Freemen, that their 
Priviledges may not be dipt, as many of them have of 
late been. Mr. Walker speaks at Mrs Oliver's from Isa. 
59, 19. AYhen the Enemv shall come in like a Flood, &c., 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 101 

being the place propounded by said Oliver. Very rainy 
day. 

Wednesday, Oct' 21. '85. very high Tide, went into our 
Cellar over the Wharf : but did not fill it : filled several 
other Cellars. 

Thorsday, Oct! 22. Deputies reassume their Vote as to 
the Treasurer and consent with the Magistrates, provided 
it be not drawn into an Example : so after Lecture Mr. 
Nowel took his Oath as Treasurer, having first made a 
w^orthy Speech. The Bill is passed that Persons must be 
Arrested 14 days inclusive before the Court. Court Ad- 
journed to the 3*^ Tuesday in November at one aclock : 
except there be some great Occasion to convene sooner. 
A Half Money-Rate and whole Rate in Country-pay 
passed. Mr. Mather preached from Ps. 73. 28. first 
part : 'Tis good for all to draw near to God. No 
Thanks-Giving this Session. [See note, p. 105.] 

OctT 31. 1685. Mrs Prout, the Mother, is buried ; Ram 
part of the way, so but a few comparatively at the Grave ; 
Rainbow seen. Note, Little Hull had a sore Convidsion 
Fit this day about Noon, so that I was sent for home from 
Court : had another near Sunset. 

Satterda}^, Oct^ 31. in the even I read in course in the 
Family Mr. Norton's Sermon on Jn? 8. 20. Lib'' 22. 8*.^ 
3'f 1G59. Doct. All Engagements of Spirit, and Advan- 
tages notwithstanding ; the Changes that befall Men, they 
come neither before nor after, but in the apointed Hour, 
or the precise Time, foreappointed of God. Sometime 
this Week a virulent Libel was fixed on Mr. Dudley's 
Fence, extreamly abusive, especially to Him. 

Nov!" 3'3 Capt. Brown Dines with the Court. Giles 
Goddard is brought in Not guilty respecting Mr. Nowel's 
Trunks, lost in Time of the Fire. 1679. 

Nov!" 3'.^ James Begelo fined 10£ and Stebl)iu 5£ for 
their Abuses to Mr. Stoughton and Dudley. To find Bond 
for good Behaviour till next Court, then Apear; Fees of 
Court, standing CoiTiitted till jDcrformed. 



102 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

Wednesday, Novf 4'.!' The County Court was Ad- 
journed to Thorsday come Senight at 2 aclock. 

Mr. Allin preached Novy 5. 1G85 — finished his Text 
1 Jn? 1. 9. mentioned not a word in Prayer or Preaching 
that I took notice of with respect to Gun-powder Treason. 
Part of the 132'^ Ps. sung; viz. from 11"/ v. The Lord to 
David Sware — to the End. In the Even I met at Serj! 
Bull's with Capt. Frary, Serj'^ Gardener, Pell, Raynsford, 
Corp'l Odlin, Quinsey, Paddy, Clerk Mason, Wheeler ; 
Ten mentioned sate down to Super, Serj* Bull and his 
Wife waited : After by the Fire spake as to an Ensign, 
all said they were unanimous for Serj* Gardener upon 
Serjl^ Bull's refusal, who alledged, as formerly, the loss of 
's 4t!' Finuer of 's ri<»:lit Hand, and a Pain in the same 
Shoulder : and as to me, is not of any Church, nor a 
Freeman, nor of Estate, besides the former Objections. 
Altliough it rained hard, yet there was a Bonfire made 
on the Coinon, about 50 attended it. 

Friday night being fair about two hundred hallowed 
about a Fire on the Coinon. 

Friday, Novf 6. Mr. Willard calls in and tells me of a 
Thanks-Giving intended by the Ministers through the 
Colon}' upon the 3'3 of the next Moneth : Go to the Gov- 
ernour to get his Approbation, which He doth not presently 
grant; but will speak of it in Council on Thorsday next; 
whether convenient for the Churches generally to attend 
such a Day without an Order from Authority, as usual. 
The difficultv of Printiuo- an Order is, lest bv puttiu"- in, 
or leaviui!- out. we offend Eiiii'land. Havinii: occasion this 
day to go to Mr. Hayward the Piiblick Notary's House, I 
speak to him about his cutting off his Hair, and wearing 
a Perriwig of contrary Colour : mention the words of our 
Saviour, Can ye not make one Hair white or black : and 
Mr. Alsop's Sermon. He alledges, The Doctor advised 
him to it. 

Sabbathday Nov": 8. By Mr. Willard's Prayer in the 



1085] DIARY OF SA:»IUEL SEWALL. 103 

Morn, I understood some Minister was dead : Enquiring 
at Noon was told by my Wife, from Mr. Willard, that it 
was Mr. Nathaniel Chauncy of Hatfield. Was a Learned 
Godly Man. 

In the Afternoon Mr. AVillard Ordained our Brother 
Theophilus Frary to the Office of a Deacon. Declared 
his Acceptance JanT 11"' first, and now again. Propounded 
it to the Congregation at Noon : Then in Even propounded 
if any of the Church or other had to object they might 
speak : Then took the Church's Vote, then called him up 
to the Pulpit, laid his Hand on 's Head, and said I ordain 
Thee &c., gave Him his Charge, then Prayed, and sung 
the 2*^ part of the 84'.!' Ps. 4 Children Baptised before 
the Ordination. Thomas Eyre ; William, Eliza, Joseph. 
So God in some measure is building our House when 
pulling down others. 

Going to Mr. Willard's I understand Mr. Thomas Cob- 
bet died last Thorsday Even, to be buried tomorrow Novf 
9".' ; was abroad at some of his Neighbours the Monday 
before. Mr. Chauncey died on Tuesday last. So two 
Ministers dead this last week. 

Monday Nov! 9. Mr. Cobbet buried about 4. in the 
Afternoon, Flight of snow. This day about 6 or 7 at 
night a Male Infant pin'd up in a sorry Cloth is laid upon 
the Bulk of Shaw, the Tabacco-Man : Great Search made 
tonight and next day to find the Mother. So far as I can 
hear this is the first Child that ever was in such a manner 
exposed in Boston. 

Thorsday, Nov"" 12. Mr. Moodey preaches from Isa. 
57. 1. Mr. Cobbet's Funeral Sermon; said also of Mr. 
Chauncy that he was a Man of Singular AVorth. Said 
but 2 of the First Generation left. 

After, the Ministers of this Town Come to the Court 
and complain against a Dancing Master who seeks to set 
up here and hath mixt Dances, and his time of Meeting 
is Lecture-Day ; and 'tis reported he should say that 



104 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

by one Play he could teach more Divinity than Mr. Wil- 
lard or the Old Testament. Mr. Moodey said 'twas not a 
time for N. E. to dance. Mr. Mather struck at the Root, 
speaking against mixt Dances. 

An order is made to sumon Mr. Shrimpton to Answere 
Mr. Sergeant by virtue of the new Law : about the Fathers 
Will, next Monday 14 night, w^hich is the last of Novf 
Mr. Shrimpton and Sergeant differ about Will. Ecclips 
at night. County Court adjourned till this day 14 night. 
Governour's Hat blew off and fell flat on the Ground just 
as went to go in at 's Gate. Hath a new Border which 
began to wear Catechising day or Sabbath last, as I take 
it. Dept. Governour not in Town. New Almanack comes 
out this Day intituled New-England's Almanack, by Mr. 
Danforth. 

The Ship Capt. Berry went out Master of to Jamaica, 
came in this day : He dyed in the Voyage, and w^as buried 
in the Sea. 

Friday, Novl" 13. Barington arrives, brings word of 
the beheading my Lady Lisle, Mrs. Hez. Usher's Mother, 
at Winchester.' 4 Executed at London, Mr. Jenkins's 



^ Lady Alice, or Alicia, Lisle, was the wife of John Lisle, who was bred to 
the bar, and, being returned to the Long Parliament, became a sturdy opponent 
of the King. Pie entered the army, attaining only the rank of Major. He be- 
came legal adviser to the High Court of Justice which condemned Charles I., 
and a Commissioner of the Great Seal under Cromwell. On the Restoration, he 
took refuge in Lausanne, with other refugees, and there he was assassinated. 
His widow, the Lady Alice, was arraigned in August, 1685, before the in- 
famous Lord Chief Justice, George Jeffries, on the charge of High Treason, 
for having, merely on grounds of humanity, given hospitality to a lawyer and 
a clergyman suspected of complicity in Monmouth's insurrection. She was 
beheaded in September. Her daughter Bridget was the wife of Dr. Leonard 
Hoar, third President of Harvard College. After his decease, Nov. 28, 1(375, 
she married, Nov. 29, 1676, Air. Ilezekiah Usher, a merchant of Boston. 
Not being happy in this marriage, she went to England with her daughter, 
Bi-idget Hoar, and did not return here till after Mr. Usher's death, July 11, 
1697. Under date in his journal, Sewall records her death in Boston, ^lay 
25, 1723, and her interment, by her own request, in the grave of Dr. Hoar, 
at Braintree. Her daughter, Bridget Hoar, born at Cambridge, March 13, 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 105 

Son, Alderm Hayes Son, and 2 more, and whipping the 
Taunton Maids. Capt. JoUs dead in London. Is a Rumor 
that the Government will be Changed, this Fall or Winter, 
by some Person sent over, or a Comission to some here. 

It seems there was a Thanksgiving kept at Deacon 
Allin's this Day, which knew not of till Satterday. Madam 
Usher there. Have a Gazette to the 24\^ of August which 
mentions the raising the Sieg of Grann, taking Newheusel, 
defeating the Turkish Army by the Imperialists. 

This Friday night began to read the Revelation m 
Course, having begun Parens just about the same time 
though not on purpose. 

Sabbath-day, Nov!" 15, 1685. In the Afternoon Mary 
Smith, Widow, Mr. Wheelwright's Grandchild, was taken 
into Church ; then Mr. Willard mentioned what the Elders 
had done as to a Thanksgiving, and propounded to the 
Church that we might have one on the First Thorsday in 
December : because had Fasted, and God had graciously 
answered our Prayers ; so should meet Him in the same 
place to give Thanks for that, and any other Providence 
that hath passed before us. Silence gave Consent, no one 
speaking.^ 



1673, married, June 21, 1689, Rev. Thomas Cotton, of London. See Camp- 
bell's Lord Chancellors, Vol. III. p. 62, and Sibley's " Graduates of Harvard 
University," Vol. I. pp. 2M-218. — Eds. 

1 For a considerable number of years last past, covering the lifetime of 
all now on the stage, the executive authority of Massachusetts has annually 
designated, by proclamation, a day for a public thanksgiving and another for 
a public humiliation and fast. The usage has become so much a matter of 
course, or routine, that the last Thursday of Xovember and the first Thurs- 
day of April are regarded by the executive as appropriated to these occasions. 
The proclamations are phrased in general forms, and, for the most part, if 
not in set terms, yet by implication, the usage for our modern times is com- 
mended as a tradition and as a conformity with the ways of the fathers of 
the colony. But a very important and distinctive fact has been lost sight of. 
These days of observance were not appointed by " the fathers " with any 
thing like our modern regularity and generalities of phrase. A sj^ecial reason 
and occasion for each of them at any season was always emphatically stated, 
and that reason or occasion was of such a character as to secure the fullest 



106 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL.\ [1685. 

Monday, Novf 16. Brother Stephen here, and gives an 
Account of what had done at Kittery, for which was glad, 
but sorely saddened by Hullie's being taken with Convul- 
sion Fits at Even. Gave of Dr. Winthrop's Physick and 
Cordials. 

Tuesday Even Mr. Moodey here, prays with us ; then I 
go with him to see Madam Usher, expecting to have seen 
some Prints ; but had only a Letter from a Sister which 
reached to the day of Condemnation [of her mother]. 
Mr. Moodey prayed there: tookleave. 

Wednesday, Novf 18. Uncomfortable Court day by 
reason of the extream sharp words between the Deputy 
Governour and Mr. Stoughton, Dudley and Others. Some 
Essay to have put a Sanction upon the Apointment for a 
Thanksgiving ; but it fell throw. I argued 'twas not fit 
upon meer Generals, as (the Mercies of the year) to Com- 
and a Thanksgiving and of Particulars we could not agree. 
Governour would have had one Article for the Peace of 
England, according to His Majesty's Proclamation. 

Hollowells business heard, as to Land : about that grew 
the fierceness in discourse. Mr. G. Boroughs dined with 
us.^ Major Generall not well. Mr. Shove comes to Town 
today ; but I see him not. 

Tliorsday, NovF 19. Mr. Mather Preaches from Numb. 
25. 11. Shewed that Love was an int»:redient to make 
one zealous : those that received good People, received 
Christ, Mat. 25. Said that if the Government of N. E. 
were zealous might yet save this People. 2'} Part of 79"' 



and profoundest sympathy of the people in the observance. An examination 
of the records will abundantly show how, instead of generalities, there was 
always a specific and pointed mention of one or more matters directly engag- 
ing the feelings of the people, in reference to which they should unite in 
glad thank-offering or consecrate the fears, the gloom, or the disasters which 
they had to encounter. — Eds. 

^ Mr. Sewall did not foresee that, some seven years afterwards, he would 
sit in judgment of his guest, the Rev. George Burroughs, at his condemna- 
tion for witchcraft. — Eds. 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 107 

Ps. sung. Madam Usher, her Daughter and Husband in 
Mourning. Mr. Stoughton and Dudley called here. 'Tis 
reported that a Frigot is to come yet before Spring with 
a Comission for a Governour here, upon the place : Mr. 
Dudley is talked of and 'tis said Healths are drunk to the 
new Governour already, and were so Nov'' 17. the day the 
Ship came in. I presented a Bill for Serj!' Andrew Gar- 
dener to be Ensign of the South-Company, which past 
the Magistrates, the whole Court. 

Mr. Tho. Weld is aproved by about 11 Magistrates Novf 
19*1' in his intended Work of Gatherins; a Church the 16'.!^ 
of December next, Wednesday. 

Friday Novf 20*.".' a very rainy and dark day*, and in the 
Afternoon turns to a storm of Snow : Court is adjourned 
to Tuesday, February 16*1' at One of the Clock, except 
some Frigot or Ships Arrival from England with His 
Majesty's Coiiiands that may call for one sooner; then 
the Secretary, or if he sick or dead, the Treasurer, to send 
forthwith to the Members of the Court, and to such others 
as Freemen may cliuse to convene two days after the Date 
of such Signification, to which time the Court is adjourned 
in such Case. No Freemen made, nor Prayer. Ground 
covered with Snow by that time Court done^ which is 
een quite dark. Mr. Stoughton and Dudley not here 
today. 'Twas Essayed again to have had a Sanction put 
on the Thanksgiving : but 'twas again pleaded, to do it 
without mentioning particular causes would be to impose 
too much on those Coiiianded : So fell.' 

Monday night Novl" 23. 16S5. I go the Rounds with 
Cons. Quinsey and Isaac Goose, a very severe night for 
Cold, yet 'twas fair and comfortable : came home at 5. 
mane. 

Nov!" 25, Wednesday. Just before I went to the Meet- 



1 The court %vas carefully non-committal on matters of English politics, 
to which a reference was pro^X)sed in the proclamation. — Eds. 



108 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685 

ing at Brother Ilayward's, where I was to speak from 
Ps. 79. 8, Jn° Turner, Master of the Brigenteen, came 
in and told me that James Mudge, one of his seamen, 
having carried a Pass to the Castle, coming on Board 
again, fell between the Boat and Brigenteen into Water 
and was drowned. He several years since gave his 
Daughter to Capt. Mass Daurter at Charlestown.^ Thaw- 
ing Wether. 

Nov!" 26, Thorsday. Nurse Goose dyes about 2. or 3. 
aclock in the night ; having lien sick about a Week : was 
here it seems Wednesday w^as Seriight. Was helpfull to 
her self all along till this last sickness : waslit her own 
Cloaths. She saw her great Grandchildren : w^as a good 
Wo man. ^ 

Mary an Indian, James's Squaw, was Frozen to death 
upon the Neck near Roxbury Gate ^ on Thorsday night 
Novy 27'.^ '85, being fudled. 

^ We can interpret this only as meaning that James Mudge (who is not 
on record elsewhere apparently) gave liis cliild, for bringing up, presumably, 
to Captain Mass's daughter. But we cannot identify Captain Mass nor his 
daughter. — Eds. 

2 This was doubtless Susanna, widow of Peter Vertigoose, Vergoose, or 
(ioose. She had a son Peter, who lived in Norwich, England, and it is 
probable that the family was not of English origin. Her son, Isaac Goose, 
-of Boston, was twice married, his second wife being Elizabeth Foster. By 
her he had a daughter, Elizabeth, who married Thomas Fleet, the Boston 
printer. 

Of late years persistent efforts have been plied by descendants to make 
out that this wife of Isaac Goose was the veritable Mother Goose of the 
" Melodies." jNIuch will be found in the " INT. E. Historic and Genealogical 
Register," Vol. XXVII. The facts remain, that no one can produce a copy of 
Fleet's presumed edition of the "INIelodies; " that no contemporary evidence 
of such publication is found; and that the sole authority for the story is a 
reported statement of the late Edward A. Crowninshield that he saw a copy 
at Worcester. Diligent and repeated search has failed to rediscover the 
sheet, and the story must be held uuproven. On the other hand, the French 
had, long before this, termed fairy tales, " stories of Mother Goose;" and 
Boston must abandon any claim to originating that title. — Eds. 

8 "Roxbury gate" is a term which appears often on the early records. 
In 163.0 (Town Rec, printed ed., p. 4), it was voted that bro. Wilbore see 
to the gate and style next Roxburie. P. 43, in 1639, Samuel Sherman was 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 109 

Novf 30. Nurse Goose burled. "Was not well yesterday, 
Feverish and tossing most of the night ; so not at the 
Court nor meeting of Magistrates, nor at the Funeral. 
Mr. Willard here, I returned Alsop of Scandal. Mr. Sec- 
retary here. 

At night viewed the Eclips, which in the total obscura- 
tion w^as ruddy ; but when began to receive some Light, 

allowed to keep up a cow-house he had built " by the gate next Roxbury." 
In 1640 (p. 53), the license was renewed, and he was warned to set his fence 
straight, so as not to encroach on the highway. In 1613 (p. 71), William 
Colbron and Jacob Eliot were ordered to repair the common gate and fence 
next Roxbury. In 1644 (p. 80), James Penn was to have three acres next 
to William Hibbins's lane, near Roxbury Gate. In 1645 (p. 84), Widow 
Howen was allowed to cut hay on some part of the marsh near Roxbury 
gate, where cattle cannot come to feed. In 1G50 (p. 99), Peter Oliver had 
£15 a year to maintain the highways from Jacob Eliot's barn to the farthest 
gate by Roxbury Town's end. 

All these possessions seem to have centred in the Eliots. May 31, 1652 
(Deeds, Lib. I. f. 211), William Hibbins sold to Margery, widow of Jacob 
Eliot, five acres of land near Roxbury Gate, bounded east by the highway to 
Roxbury, west by Boston Common, land of Eliot nortli and south. 

On the same day (Lib. I. f. 211), James Penn sold to widow Margery 
Eliot five acres at Roxbury Gate, part upland, part marsh, bounded east by 
the highway to Roxbury, west by Roxbury Creek, Boston Common north, and 
Mr. William (.<ic) south. 

She had already bought land of the deacons of the church in Boston, as 
administrators of Samuel Sherman (William Colbron being one), which was 
confirmed to her as against Sherman's children, ^lay, 1062. Col. Rec, III. 
274, and IV. pt. 11, p. 47. 

The Eliots, whose homestead and field was near Eliot Street, long owned 
this land at the extreme south of the town, Colbrou's field lying between 
these possessions. 

It is said by competent authorities that there were two Roxbury gates. 
The farther gate was at the Roxbury line, just beyond Arnold Street, on 
Washington Street, where there is a memorial stone. This was near the 
Bull Pasture. The inner gate was just oi;tside the line of fortifications, and 
therefore just above Dover Street. The Xeck was at its narrowest at this 
gate; and between the gates were upland and swamp, the subject of nuuiy 
grants, deeds, and plans, as the records show. 

It is a question, perhaps, as to where the first road to Roxbury was placed. 
In 1680 (Deeds, Lib. 12, f. 188), widow Mary Salter sold half of her liouse, 
bounded east by the sea, west by the highway to Roxbury, south by the old 
highway to Roxbury, and north by land of Deacon Jacob Eliot. This \\ouId 
seem to show two roads on the Xeck, the old one perhaps following the 
shore. — Eds. 



110 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

the darkish ruddiness ceased. Horizon somewhat Hazy. 
Read in course the Eleventh of the Revelation. 

30. Nov!" Coul!^.-Nath. Dumer visits us. 

Wednesday, Decf 2. Elias Parkman comes in, and hath 
a man drowned near the Castle, as E? tells me. See last 
Wednesday. 

Friday, Dec!" 4*.^ Being at Mr. Addington's upon Busi- 
ness, He tells me Mr. Shrimpton's Answer in writing last 
Monday was, that the Court proceeded upon a Law made 
since the vacating the Charter, and therefore he should 
not attend : so that this Monday we begin palpably to 
dye [i.e., the Government by the Colony Charter]. 

Sabbath-day, December 6. Hull hath a Convulsion Fit 
as he sits in his Grandmother's Lap at Table, dining, with 
which we are much surprised. 

Monday, Decemb!" 7^.'/ 1G85. About One in the Night 
my Wife is brought to Bed of a Son, of which Mother 
Hull brimi-s me the first News : Mrs. Weeden Midwife. 

Wednesday Dec!" 91'.' 1685. Our Neighbour Gemaliel 
Wait eating his Breakfast well, went to do something in 
his Orchard, where Serj* Pell dwells, there found him Self 
not wxll and went into Pell's his Tenant's House, and there 
dyed extream suddenly about Noon, and then was carried 
home in a Chair, and means used to fetch him again, but 
in vain : To the Children startled about him he said, here 
is a sudden Chanoi-e, or there will be a o:reat Chano-e, to 
that purpose. Was about 87 years old, and yet strong 
and hearty : had lately several new Teeth. People in the 
Street much Startled at this good Man's sudden Death. 
Govf Hinkley sent for me to Mr. Rawson's just as they 
were sending a great Chair to carry him home. 

Satterday, Dec!" 12, '85. Father Wait buried : Magis- 
trates and Ministers had Gloves. There heard of the 
Death of Capt. Hutchinson's Child by Convulsions, and 
so pass to the Funeral of little Samuel Hutchinson about 
Six weeks old, where also had a pair of Funeral Gloves. 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEW ALL. Ill 

Peter Butler comes in this day, Several have had the 
Small Pocks ; buried a Negro. Several very green, hardly 
recovered ; among whom Nath! Parkman is one. Snowy 
day. 

Esther Kein at her Time, falls into Convulsion Fits, and 
dyes last Thorsday : No likelihood of the Child's being 
born. —7 

Sabbath-day, Decembf 13*.^ 1685. Mr. Willard baptizeth 
my Son lately born, whom I named Henry : David Stod- 
dard, the son of Mr. Simeon Stoddard, was baptized next, 
and then Several other grown Children. Nurse Hill came 
_in before the Psalm was Sung, and yet the Child was fine 
and quiet: Mr. Willard preached from John 16^}" 8. 
Herein is my Father glorified, that you bear much Fruit, 
so shall ye be my Disciples : which is the first Sermon my 
little Son hath been present at. 

Monday, Dec. 14. County-Court meets about Mr. Ser- 
geant's Business chiefly : Mr. Shrimpton's Letter is read : 
but 'tis not agreed on to proceed, and some Heat, the Vote 
being in a mafier equal. Mr. Stoughton and Maj'" Rich- 
ards not there. Mr. Shrimpton pleads that he has full- 
filled his Father's Will dated July 17*.'.^ One Thousand Six 
hundred Sixty and Six : and canot submit to this arbitrary 
way, especially the Law being made since the Dissolution 
of the Charter of this Place. Gov!" seems somewhat reso- 
lute : the Court Adjourned till Thorsday. Something of 
Bushnell, the Barber's, relating to his Estate was now also 
done : He dyed in '67. just about the same Time Mr. Wil- 
son did, as I remember. 

This Monday a Jury is suinond who sit on the Body of 
Joseph Johnson, and the verdict they find, a wound an 
inch or 2 above his Navel which they judge to be the 
cause of his Death, and that they were informed James 
Morgan did it with a Spit. So Avere Sworn in Court 
Dec"" 14. 1685., and James Morgan ordered to have Irons 
put on him. He coinitted the Fact last Thorsday night. 



112 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

Wednesday,'Dec. 16. A very pleasant Day for gather- 
ing the Church at Dunstable, and Ordaining Mr. Thomas 
Weld. 

Thorsday, Dec' 17^^ Mr. Mather preacheth from Mat. 
16., former part of the 25V.' Verse. For whosoever will 
save his Life shall Lose it. At County-Court nothing 
done in Mr. Sergeant's Business : So he makes a Speech 
when the Court open, that if the Court did nothing they 
would give him a Record of it, that he might go elsewhere 
for he would not be kept out of 's Money ; speaking 
warmly. 

Mr. Francis Stepney, the Dancing Master, desired a 
Jury, so He and Mr. Shrimpton Bound in 50£ to Jan5 
Court. Said Stepney is ordered not to keep a Dancing 
School ; if he does will be taken in contempt and be pro- 
ceeded with accordingly. Mr. Shrimpton muttered, saying 
he took it as a great favour that the Court would take his 
Bond for £50.^ 

Sabbath, Dec! 13. 1685. Jn° Maryon, the Father, faints 
in the Old Meetinghouse, in time of Worship, which ob- 
structs Mr. Allen, and makes considerable disturbance. 

Dec!" 17. One Trescot, an ancient woman of Dorches- 
ter, riding over the Neck, Tide being high, her Horse 
drowned and she hardly saved : questioned whether she 
may live or no. This night Little Hull hath a Convulsion 
Fit, as he lay with me in Bed. Henry very restless. 

Friday, Decemb'' 18, 1685. Father John Odlin,^ one 

1 Francis Stepney — auspicious name for one of his profession — seems 
not to have been successful liere. lie is entered on the town book of per- 
sons not admitted to citizensliip, as follows: " 1G85, Sept. 21. Francis Step- 
ney at Jno. Birge, Dancinge JMaster." As his name is not on the very full 
tax-lists of 1687 and 1088; he probably took no root here. — Eds. 

2 John Odlin was one of four survivors of the earliest iiiliabitants of 
Boston, who testified before Sewall himself, June 10, IGSl, as to the pur- 
chase, " in or about 1631," of the peninsula of Boston from "William Blaxton. 
Odlin said he w^as eighty-two years old when he gave this testimony The 
three others were respectively seventy-eiglit, seventy-six, and sixty-eight. 
See Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., 2d S., IV. 203. — Eds. 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 113 

of the very first Inhabitants of Boston, dies ; know not of 
above one more besides the Governour [Bradstreet]. 

Satterday, Dec"" 19"? Father Jn" OdUn buried in the 
first Burying place [corner of Tremont and School Streets] 
as father Wait the Satterday before. 

Friday Dec. 18. Begun in Course to read the New- 
Testament, having ended the Revelation the night 
before. 

Satterday Dec. 19. Mr. Willard Prayes with my little 
Henry, being very ill. 

Sabbath-day, Dec. 20. Send Notes to Mr. "Willard and 
Mr. Moodey to pray for my Child Henry. ^ 

Monday, about four in the Morn the faint and moaning 
noise of my child forces me up to pray for it. 

21. Monday even Mr. Moodey calls. I get him to go 
up and Pray with my extream sick Son. 

Tuesday Morn, Dec. 22. Child makes no noise save by 
a kind of snoaring as it breathed, and as it were slept. 

Read the 16*;*? of the first Chron. in the family. Having 
read to my Wife and Nurse out of John : the fourteenth 
Chapter fell now in course, which I read and went to 
Prayer : By that time had done, could hear little Breath- 
ing, and so about Sun-rise, or little after, he fell asleep, I 
hope in Jesus, and that a Mansion was ready for him in 
the Father's House. Died in Nurse Hill's Lap. Nurse 
Hill washes and layes him out : because our private Meet- 
ing hath a day of Prayer tomorrow, Thorsday Mr. Wil- 
lard's Lecture, and the Child dying after Sunrise (wether 
cloudy), have determined to bury on Thorsday after Lec- 
ture. The Lord sanctify his Dispensation, and prepare me 
and mine for the coming of oar Lord, in whatsoever way 
it be. Mr. Tho. Oakes our Physician for this Child. Road 
the 16*'' Chap, of the First Chronicles in the Family. 



* Parts of the family worsliipped in the Old, or First, Church; and others, 
with Sewall, in the Third, or South. — Ed3. 



114 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685, 

Tuesday night read the IS*:!" Jn" in the Chamber, out of 
which Mr. Willard took his Text the day Henry was bap- 
tized: in the Family, the S'} of Matthew, both requiring 
Fruit. 

Wednesday, Dec. 23. Go to the privat Fast at Brother 
WilHams's. Capt. Scottow begins and is enlarged and fer- 
vent in praying for the Church and Christ's Witnesses : 
Made me conclude. Sung part 137. Ps. But if I Jeru- 
salem, &c. Just before I went, Brother Longfellow came 
in, which was some exercise to me, he being so ill condi- 
tioned and so outwardly shabby. The Lord humble me. 
As I remember, he came so before ; either upon the 
funeral of my Father or Johny. 

Thorsday, Dec^ 24".^ 1685. We follow Little Henry to 
his Grave : Governour and Magistrates of the County 
here, 8 in all, beside my Self, Eight Ministers, and Sev- 
eral Persons of note. Mr. Phillips of Rowley here. I led 
Sam., then Cous. Savage led Mother, and Cousin Duiner 
led Cous. Quinsey's wife, he not well. Midwife Weeden 
and Nurse Hill carried the Corps by turns, and so by Men 
in its Chesnut Coffin 'twas set into a Grave (The Tomb 
full of water) between 4 and 5. At Lecture the 21. Psalm 
was Sung from 8"^ to the end. The Lord humble me 
kindly in respect of all my Enmity against Him, and let 
his breaking my Image in my Son be a means of it. Con- 
siderable snow this nio:ht. At ni(2:ht little Hull had a sore 
Convulsion Fit. 

Friday-morn Dec. 25. had another; Wave upon Wave. 
Mr. Phillips Prayes with Hullie. Receive Newes this 25'.^ 
Dec. that Brof St. Scwall hath a Son. 

Dec. 25. Friday. Carts come to Town and Shops open 
as is usual. Some somehow observe the day ; but are 
vexed I believe that the Body of the People profane it, 
and blessed be God no Authority yet to compell them to 
keep it. A great Snow fell last night so this day and 
night very cold. 



168|.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 115 

Satterday, Dec. 26. Dreamed last night of Mr. Chaun- 
cy. the President, and of Sam. Danforth. 

Dec. 27. Dr. Oakes had Hke to have had his little Sou 
killed with the Jack's falling almost on top of 's head. 
Upon which was hastily called out as the Psalm was Sing- 
ing after the Lord's Super. 

Dec. 28. Cous. Fissenden here, Saith he came for Skins 
last Friday, and [there] was less Christmas-keeping than 
last year, fewer Shops Shut up. 

Dec. 30*:^ An Indian Man is found dead on the Neck 
with a Bottle of Ruiii between his Legs. Fast at Charles- 
town this day. Mr. Cotton Mather Preaches forenoon, 
mentions the Notion Mede has about America's Peopling. 
Mr. Moodey preaches Afternoon excellently. Hull (as 
supose) hath a sore fit in the night; but I asleep, and find 
it by the Effects. 

Dec. 31. Mr. Allen preaches from 2 Tim. 2. 19. Saith 
should pray for the Natives that they may name Christ. 
Spoke against Observing the 25. Listant, called it Anti- 
christian Heresie : Spoke against the Name. Canker 
befi;an in the Tona;ue. 

Satterday, Jan^ 2'.^ [l^Sf] ^^^t night had a very un- 
usual Dream ; viz. That our Saviour in the dayes of his 
Flesh when upon Earth, came to Boston and abode here 
sometime, and moreover that He Lodged in that time at 
Father IIuH's ; upon which in my Dream had two Reflec- 
tions, One was how much more Boston had to say than 
Rome boastinf!" of Peter's being there. The other a sense 
of great Respect that I ought to have shewed Father Hull 
since Christ chose when in Town, to take up His Quarters 
at his House. Admired the goodness and Wisdom of 
Christ in coming hither and spending some part of His 
short Life here. The Chrouoloij-ical absurdity never came 
into my mind, as I remember. Jan'^ 1. 108^ finished 
reading the Godly Learned ingenious Pare us on the 
Revelation. 



116 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168|. 

Satterday, Jan^ 2. discoursed with Ralf Carter about 
Lignum Vltae. He saith thinks 'tis found no where but 
in America, there a common Wood at Antego and other 
places. Is physical [medicinal]. 

January 5*1' The Infant exposed the beginning of the 
winter, is buried this Day. Mr. Moodey and his wife visit 
us after the Catechising. He full of great pain. 

Thorsday, Janf 7"' Mr. Moodey preached excellently 
from those words, Ye are my Friends if ye do Avliat I 
command you : Exhorted not to disown Christ when in 
adversity, i.e. his Members in a low Condition. A very 
blustering, snowy day that hindered many from going to 
Meeting, which took special notice of in Prayer ; and 
God's letting us stand another year in His Vineyard. At 
his lecture this day twelvemonth we had the newes of our 
Charter's being condemned, just as going to Meeting. 
Some coming over the Neck to day, had much ado to find 
the way. 

Satterday, Jan"" 9"? A very great Storm of Snow and 
Wind. Mr. Tho. Oakes here, who tells me there is news 
come to Town of the French Kino-'s Death. 

Sabbath-day Afternoon. My Wife goes to Meeting, which 
is the first time since her Lying-in. 

Tuesday, January 12. I dine at the Governour's : where 
Mr. ^y est, Governour of Carolina, Capt. Blackwell, his Wife 
and Dauo;hter, Mr. Moro:an, his Wife and Dauirhter, Mrs. 
Brown, Mr. Eliakim Hutchinson, and Wife, Mr. Peter 
Sergeant, and Wife, Mr. Secretary, and S. S. Mrs. Mercy 
sat not down, but came in after dinner well dressed and 
saluted the two Daughters. Madam Bradstreet and Black- 
well sat at the upper end together, Governour at the lower 
end. I sat next Mis Frances, Capt. Blackwell's Daughter. 
After Dinner Madam Blackwell Swowned, or very ill, so 
was lead into the Chamber. 

Wednesday, Jan!" 13 •'•' very cold day. Meeting at Brother 
Allen's : I speak from Eph. 4. 3. 



168f.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 117 

Thorsday exceeding cold : Mr. Jn? Bayly preaches the 
Lecture for Mr. Mather from Eccles. 9. 10. Whatsoever 
thy hand; &c. After Lecture the Court sat, and adjourned 
till Tuesday 1. aclock, to hear Mr. Shrinipton's Case, i. e. 
Mr. Sergeant's Complaint against him J Mr. Shrimpton 
resolves to appeal to the Court of Assistants upon the 
Pleas he hath made. Mr. Stoughton, Dudley, and Mr. 
Thomas call'd. here ; their Horses all broke away, and 
fain to run beyond Capt. Frary's before any had stopt, it 
beino; nis-ht and excessive cold. 

Satterday, January 16. Notwithstanding the three very 
severe Nights last past and Snow in abundance lately fallen, 
yet, by reason of the Spring Tides, and wind 2 of the nights, 
the Harbour remains fairly open, and the Chaiiel between 
the Castle and Dorchester Neck ; though much loose Ice 
floating up and down. Isaiah Tay told me yesterday, that 
the 17'^ January last year he went on the Ice to the 
Castle, and Nine hundred were told by their Company 
going and coming on the Ice, and at the Hand. 

Sabbathday, Jan5 17'^ 168 1. Rain and Thaw all day. 
This day Mr. Willard begins to preach upon the ll'*" of 
the Hebrews. Faith is the substance, &c. 

Wendnesday Jan!" 20'- Went to Dorchester Lecture. 
Mr. Danforth preached from Rev. 22. 17. Said that 
Chapter treated of Heaven, that Christ dy'd for Man- 
kind. 

On Tuesday last the Court sat, and as it fell out, I was 
not there. Agitation was about Mr. Shrimpton's Business. 
^'pro. 2 Qon. of those that pretended to vote; Mr. Adding- 
ton knew not what to enter. Governour, Mr. Stoughton 
and Dudley went away thinking the Court ended ; 'tis said 
Mr. Davie gon also but called back, and he Mr. Cook and 
C. Hutchinson adjourned the Court to the Govcrnour's 
that evening, and from thence 'twas adjourned to the 

^ See, on this case, General Sumner's History of East Boston. —Eds 



118 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168f 

Town-Honse on Thursday after Lecture, JanT 21. Was 
very hot discourse about the irregular pretended Adjourn- 
ment of the Court. Mr. Stoughton and Dudley fell espe- 
cially on Mr. Cook. After much hot Dispute nothing at 
last done as I know. Mr. Stouo-hton aro-ued the new liaw 
was not deterininal and so worth nothing : and that the 
Ordinary could not act after an Award and mutual agree- 
ment as was produced in this case : must be relieved by 
some Superiour Court, as Chauncery. Thus the symptoms 
of Death are on us. This morn about 5, Hull had a Fit. 
Mr. Willard preached excellently from Buy the Truth, 
Must have a care of being cheated, our Natures encline to 
falshood. Must not take Great Men, Rulers, for our Rule, 
but the written Word of God. Must have no man's per- 
son in admiration. Mr. Stoughton and Dudley called here. 

It seems Mr. Hubbard's Son of Long Hand, presented a 
Gun at his Sister and it went oft" and killed her. Cous. 
Fissenden tells me there is a Maid at Woburn who 'tis 
feared is Possessed by an evil Spirit. Mr. Eliot not at 
Lecture Jany 21. which I think is the 3'} day of his 
absence. 

Friday, Janf 22. Hull hath another Fit about 5 or 6 
mane, and is extream ill after it. Mr. Willard prays with 
him in the Even, Capt. Scottow present. 

Friday, January 22. Joseph Redknap of Lin buried, 
being about 110 years old: was a Wine-Cooper in London, 
was about 30 years old at the Great Frost. Ralph King 
teste? 

Sabbath, Jan"" 24. Fridav ni2:ht and Satterdnv were 
extream cold, so that the Harbour frozen up, and to the 
Castle. This day so cold that the Sacramental Bread is 
frozen pretty hard, and rattles sadly as broken into the 
PLates. 

Monday, Jan^" 25. I call in Andrew Gardiner and de- 



1 Here is a case for Mr. Thorn to investigate, in liis researclies on " Lon- 
gevity." — Eds. 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 119 

liver him his Commission for Ensign, he disabling himself, 
I tell him he must endeavour to get David's heart ; and 
that with his stature will make a very good Ensign. Capt. 
Scottow present, to whom have lent my Gr. Testament, 
and Governor Pen. Mrs. Harris and Baker present their 
mutual offences against each other as to their seating [in 
Cambridge Meeting-house], before Mr. Willard and the 
Overseers. 

Tuesday, Jan!" 26. "Walked with Isaac Goose and Cous. 
Quinsey : though the Snow extream deep by reason of this 
day's snow and what was before, yet had a very comfort- 
able night. Nehemiah Perce's Wife is brought to bed of 
a Daughter. 

Wednesday, Jan'' 27. Peter Butler is Non-suited in 
suing for his 500 £ Legacy, at wdiich I doubt Mr. Nowell 
and his wife grieved.^ Is talk of a Ship below and some 
think it may be Jenner from London. 

Tliorsday, January 28. Mr. Jenner having lodged at 
Capt. Clap's last night, with Mr. Belcher and others, come 
near twenty together to Serj! Bull's over the Ice and 
bring the News of the Rose Frigot ready to come and 
bring Mr. Randolph, who is to be Deputy Governour, 
and Mr. Dudley Governour. Sheriff Cornish executed [in 
London], and a woman burnt about the [Popish] Plot and 
such like Treason. The Town much filled with this dis- 
course. Jenner came from He Wight the 13, of November. 
When Mr. Jenner came in the Mag-istrates went all off the 
Bench to hear his News in the Lobby. Mr. Addington also 
came in. Isa. 33. 17. was preached from, by Mr. Cotton 
Mather. Thine eyes shall see the King, &c. whoes Sermon 
was somewhat disgusted for some expressions ; as, sweet 
sented hands of Christ, Lord High Treasurer of ^Ethiopia, 

^ Peter Butler, Sr., of Boston, married ZMary, daiigliter of William Ali'ord. 
She married secondly (as his third wife) Ilezekiah Usher, Sr., -who died 
May 14. 1G76. She married thirdly Rev. Samuel Xowell, of Cluulestowu, 
and outlived him, dying a widow, Aug. 14, 1(JD3. — Eus. 



120 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168f 

Ribband of Humility — which was sorry for, because 
of the excellency and seasonableness of the subject, and 
otherwise well handled. Doct. 'Tis a matchless priviledg 
to behold Christ in his Beauty. Mr. Eliot not at Lecture. 
Mr. Jenner rumors that the Oxford Frisrot is to come in 

o 

the Spring, and bring a Governour from England, and 
that one Vincent, Brother to the Minister, most talked of ; 
which Mr. Dudley laughs at. 

Friday, Jan^ 29*- Isaac Goose proves his Mother's Will. 
Mr. Belcher dines with the Court. It seems there's a dis- 
course that the K. should motion to have all the Net^-roes 

o 

at Jamaica baptized. Mr. Francis Stepney has his Jury 
to try his speaking Blasphemous Words ; and Reviling the 
Government. 'Tis referred till next Tuesday. 

Sabbath, Jan^ 31, 1G8|. 125".' Psalm Smig by us in 
course in tlie family, They that trust in the Lord, &c. In 
publick mane the 56'- from 8*'' verse, ad finem, of all 
my wanderings, &c. Mr. Willard speaking of Faith, 
instanced in things past before we had a being, and 
Things to be, as Destruction of the Man of Sin. Seemed 
very much concerned for God's People. Madam Br. 
Usher taken into the first Church, and Mr. Royse 
taken in and baptized in the North Church. Gallant 
warm thawing weather. 

Feb. 1. Nath. Man brino;s me a Letter wherein am told 
of my Brother St? Child's Death last Friday about noon. 
Had from the Satterday before till then more than 200 
Fits. 

Feb. 1. In the Afternoon a great Cake of Ice comes 
from Cambridge-ward and jostles away the Body of Ice 
that lay between the outward Wharfs and Noddle's Hand : 
so now our Harbour open again. 

Feb. 2. Several Ships Sail. This day Return Wait is 
by Sentence of Court turned out of his Marshal's Place, 
mauv complaints cominci; airainst him. The Persons in- 
jured left to their remedy in Law against him. 



168f,] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 121 

Wednesday, Feb. 3. Mr. Henry Phillips is buried with 
Arms, he having been an Ensign at Dedham, and in Boston 
several years of Capt. Oliver's Company. Capt. Hutchin- 
son led the Souldiers, his and Capt. Townsend's Company 
springing of said Oliver's. Capt. Townsend and Capt. Hill 
each of them Trailed a Pike : were about 24 Files, 4 deep. 
Snow very deep ; so in the New-burial Place [Copp's Hill], 
3 Paths, 2 for the 2 Files of Souldiers, middlemost for the 
Kelations. Edw. Cowel and Mr. Winchcomb go before the 
Governour. Return Wait is refused though I see he was 
there. About eight of the South-Company there attend- 
ing. Bearers, Deacon Eliot, Saunderson, Allen, Bridgham, 
Frary, and Mr. Chiever. 

Thorsday, Feb. 4. Francis Stepney fined 100£. 10£ 
down, the rest resj)ited till the last of March, that so might 
go away if he would. He appeals : Mr. Shrimpton and 
Luscombe his Sureties. Mr. Moodey preaches from Luke 
12. 4. Especially this day from those words. My Friends. 
Friday, Feb. 5. Fast at Cous. Dummer's : I and Mother 
there. 

Sabbath, Febr. 7'^ 168 1. Went to the first Meeting 
House both parts of the day, sat down there at the Lord's 
Table. Mr. Moodey preached from Isa. 12. 1. beghming 
upon that Scripture this day — Li that day thou shalt say, 
&c. Shewing that 'twas chiefly a Directory of Tlianks- 
giving for the Conversion of the Jews ; and that should 
get our Praises ready before hand. Very warm day, and 
so till Wednesday Feb. 10., when Mr. Willard Preaches at 
Maccartas from Rom. 8. 1. Seems very sensible of the 
Countries Danger as to Changes. 

Febr. 12'.^ Ice breaks up from Gill's Wharf. 

Febr. 13*- Satterday, pretty well clear our Dock of Ice 
by a Passage Cut open. Shut up about 7 weeks. Balston 
sails. An Indian Squaw died on the Neck last night. Mr. 
Eyre's little Son dyed, went well to Bed : dyed by that in 
the Bed. It seems there is no Symptom of Overlaying. 



122 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168|. 

Sabbath-day, Febr. 14. Little Hull speaks Apjole plainly 
in the hearing of his Grand-Mother and Eliza Lane ; this 
the first word. At the Burial of Mr. Eyr's Child, Mr. 
Moodey discoursed of the grievous spreading of the Small 
Pocks in. and round about Portsmouth, at Exeter, &c. 

Tuesday, Feb. 16. 168|. Generall Court meets. Dine 
3 times. Is a discourse this day of a strange Beast killed 
at Middletown, or 4 miles off that place, last Dec, 10 foot 
long his Body, 10 foot his Tail, as tall as a two year and 
vantage Horse ; Had a dead Horse and two Dear lay at 's 
Den, and Indians waiting for him, at last saw him coming 
with another in 's Mouth, as a Cat carries a Mouse almost. 
Indian shot him down. [Sewall writes in the margin — all 
untrue.] Great disorder in the Town by Cock-skailing : 
I grant 2 warrants. Tho. Barnard has one, and James 
Barns the other, whereby several Companies broke up : 
but for want of a Law and Ao;reement shall find much 
ado to supress it. 

Mr. Eliot at Meeting on Lecture day. 

The Arrow a":ainst Dancini^ comes out.^ 

Friday the Court adjourns to the 11- of May on the 
Conditions of former Adjournment. The Law about 
Wills is made in a new Edition." Some Freemen made, 
and I think Sam. Chekly an Ensign. Order for a Fast to 
be on March 25. 1G86. Great Heat about the Libel, and 
Mr. Clark's Fine tiie occasion of the Discourse at this 
tune. 

Sattcrday, Febr. 20. I send for Edw. Cowel and blame 
him for his ill carriage at Richd. White's Wedding, Dec. 
10. He denys the fact, and saith he came not nigh her 

^ Probably this was a second edition of tlie pamphlet noted by Sibley 
("Harvard Graduates," pp. 445, 446), "An Arrow against Profane and 
Promiscuous Dancing. Drawn out of the Quiver of the Scriptures. By the 
ISIinisters of Christ at Boston in Xew England. Boston, printed by Samuel 
Green and are to be sold by Joseph Brunning, 1G84. Sm. 8vo. pp. 30." It 
"was the work of Increase Mather. — Eds. 

2 This law is in the printed Records, V. 508. — Eds. 



168f ] DIARY OF SA3IUEL SEWALL. 125 

(i. e. the Bride) and stooped down only to take up his Hat 
taken off in the Crowd. 

Wednesday, Feb. 24. Privat Meeting at our House : 
Mr. Willard preached excellently from Act. 1. 7. I had 
pray'd before, privatly, and he prayed at the Meeting in 
the very same words, that God would make our Houses 
Bethels. Question was. How shall we attend known Duty 
with cheerf ullness and Constancy : though God impart not 
so much of his Counsel to us as we could desire ? Which 
Mr. Willard propounded and opened excellently, shewing 
the reference to the foregoing and following verse, as was 
desired. Many People present. 

Thorsday, Feb. 25. The Law about Wills and Adminis- 
trations is published ; and almost as soon as the Prumm 
had done beating, Mr. Serj' comes with his Petition : and 
an order is made for a Hearing next Monday, 3 weeks, 
the 22'.' of March : some w^ould have had it sooner, and 
Mr. Nowcl and Self thouu-ht it verv indecent that it was 
so soon, especially considering, the Order made upon a 
Law scarce yet out of the Marshal's Mouth. 

Mr. Jn" Winchcomlje is made Marshal of Suffolke, his 
Oath is given him ; and the Marshal Generall declares it. 
Very rainy fore-noon, and dark most part of the day. 

Sal)bath-day, Feb. 28. A Jury is summoned to sit upon 
the Body of Sarah, the Daughter of Henry and Mary 
Flood, about 13 weeks old, for that said Mary was sus- 
pected of Murder. So now 3 in Prison for suspected 
Munk'r. 

Tuesday, March 2. Brother St. and Wife visit us. Mr. 
Chicklv is cast in his Attaint. Mori-'an, Indian and Flood 
put upon Tryal. 

Wednesday, March 3'! James Morgan is brought in 
guilty by the Jury, Sam! Phips Fore-Man. Mr. Wyllys 
cast by Anna 1 faugh, as to Haugh's Farm. Mr. Stough- 
ton calls at night and shews me the Names of the Persons 
in the Commission, telling me that a Copy of the Conunis* 



12"^ DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [16a| 



sion is come to Town. Comes by Eldridge, who bore 
away to Montserrat. The Address sent to his present 
Majesty, is sent back to Mr. Dudley by Mr. Humphrys. 
Sabbath-day, or Monday, we hear of the Death of Abel 
Porter and above 60 more, going from Scotland to Pensil- 
vania. Tuesday, March 2, hear of the Death of Jeremiah 
Green at Salt Taboodas [Tortugas] ; was a hopefull young 
Shipmaster, Mr. Nathaniel's Son. 

Thorsday, March 4. Mr. Moodey preaches. After Lec- 
ture, James Morgan is condemned to dye : He said w^as 
murdered ; but spake not of Appealing, which I expected 
he might. 

Friday 5. Joseph Indian is acquitted. James Morgan 
is sent to, and acquainted that he must dye next Thors- 
day, and ordered that Mr. Mather be acquainted with it 
w^ho is to preach the Lecture. Note. Mr. Stoughton and 
Dudley voted not in the Judgment, and Avent off the 
Bench when Sentence was to be passed. Major Richards 
slid off too. Judgment was voted at George Monk's be- 
fore rose from Table, on Thorsday. 

Friday, March 5. Capt. Clap's Son, a very desirable 
Man and Gunner of the Castle, tliouo;h Mr. Baxter hath the 
name, at the Castle Hand hath one of his eyes shott out, 
and a piece of his Scull taken away by the accidental 
firing of a Gun as he was a-oino: a fowling. 

Satterday, March 6. James Morgan sends a Petition 
by one Vaughan, signed with said Morgan's own hand, 
wherein he acknowledges his own sinfiill Life, the justness 
of the Court's Sentence ; and desires longer time to live, 
but 'tis not granted. 

Sabbath-day, March 7'^. P.M. Capt. Clap hath a Bill 
put up, wherein he desires Prayers that the untimely 
death of 's Son may be sanctifyed to him ; dyed this day. 

Monday, Alarch 8'.!' 168f . Anniversary Town-Meeting : 
Select-Men as last year ; Mr. Cooke, Hutchinson, Joyliff, 
Prout, Frary, Allin, Fayerwether, Wyllys, Turell. Mr. 



16S5.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 125 

Hutcliinson had 86 Votes, which were the most : Capt. 
Frary 82. Constables ; W™ Sumner 90. votes, the high- 
est ; Jabez Negus, W™ Rawson, Isaiah Taj, Tho. Adkins, 
Henry Emes, Joshua Windsor 51. Sam! Marshall 37., 
being chosen after the refusal of Joseph Parson, Edw. 
Brom field, Benj. Alford, Humphry Luscombe, which 4 
last fined. Mr. Wyllys chosen Treasurer by the Town, 
and Mr. Joyliff Recorder. Meeting very comfortably 
held, being not so full as sometimes, and not such conten- 
tion about Priviledges. Mr. Nowell begun with Prayer, 
and I, by mere accident being left, was fain to conclude. 
7. Sworn by Major Richards same day, viz : all save Isaiah 
Tay. The Governour seems to mention it with some con- 
cernment that the 18, said to be of the Commission are 
publickly to be seen at the Notaries ; so there is a Nom- 
ination before we j)ut in votes. 

Tuesday, March 9"/ 168|. Supply Clap, Guner of the 
Castle, is buried at Dorchester by the Castle-Company 
about Noon ; after the Vollies there, Several great Guns 
were fired at the Castle ; both heard by the Town. 

Mr. Tho. Kay our Maid's Father, dyes about 8. or 9. 
aclock. An Order is given for the Execution of Morgan 
next Thorsday ; which the Marshal Generall acquaints 
him with. 

Court sits, so the Votes for Nomination are put in, in 
the other Room. Dine 5 times. 

Note. Wednesday Morn about 5. aclock, little Hull hath 
a Convulsion Fit in Bod. March 10*^^'.' About 8. aclock this 
evening Father Abel Porter dyoth. Mr. Kay buried this 
day. Robert Orchard comes to town. 

Thorsday, March 11. Persons crowd mcicli into tlie Old 
Meeting-IIouse by reason of James Morgan ; ' and before 
I got tliether a crazed woman crycd the Gallery or Meet- 

^ According to custom, a condemned culprit was brouglit to the meeting- 
house to be made the subject of discourse, on the Sunday preceding hid 
execution, or at the Tliursday Lecture. — Eds. 



126 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168| 

inghoiise broke, which made the People rush out with 
great Consternation, a great part of them, but were seated 
again. However, Mr. EHot, the Father, speaks to me that 
I would go with him back to the Governour, and speak 
that the Meeting might be held in our Meeting-House [the 
South] for fear of the worst. Deputy Governour for- 
warded it, so Governour proceeded, met Mr. Mather, 
paused a little and then went to our House, the stream 
of People presently following and deserting the Old : 
first part of the 51. Ps. Sung. Mr. Mather's Text was 
from Num. 35. 16. And if he smite him with an Instru- 
ment of Iron, &c. Saw not Mr. Dudley at Meeting, nor 
Court ; suppose he might not be in Town. Mr. Stoughton 
here. Morgan was turn'd off about ^ an hour past five. 
The day very comfortable, but now 9. aclock rains and 
has done a good while. 

Know not whether the mad woman said the House fell, 
or whether her beating women made them scream, and so 
those afar off, not knowing the cause, took it to be that ; 
but the effect was as before ; and I was told by several as 
I went along, that one Gallery in the old Meetinghouse 
was broken down. The mad woman was the Dau(>:hter of 
Goodm. Bishop, master of Morgan. She went in at the 
Southwest Dore, beat the women, they fled from her : they 
above supposed they fled from under the falling Gallery. 
Mr. Cotton Mather accompanied James Morgan to the 
place of Execution, and prayed with him there. ^ 

Friday, March 12. Father Porter laid in the Old Ceme- 
tery ; is acknowledged by all to have been a great Man in 
Prayer. A very winterly day by which means many hin- 

^ Concerning this execution of INIorgan, Dunton has much to say in liis 
letters from New England. Dunton visited Morgan while under sentence, 
and prints his dying speech. He also gives abstracts of the three sermons 
preached; one by Cotton Mather (the first of his three liundred and eighty- 
tliree publications), and one by eToshua Moodey, on the Sunday preceding 
the execution. Tlie third was by Increase Mather on the Thursday of the 
execution. All are in print. — Eds. 



168j.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 127 

dered from coming to the Funeral. I perceive there is a 
considerable disgust taken at the use of our House yester- 
day. 

Sabbathday. Mr. Jn** Bolt, and Jn" Nichols are received 
into our Church. Mr. Bolt mentioned profan Courses he 
had been entangled in after Conviction. Relations of both 
well accepted, being such as gave good hope. 

Monday, March lo*^^^. Mr. Wigglesworth here, speaks 
about a Council respecting Mr. Thomas Chiever. 

Tuesday, March 16. 168 1. Went to Muddy-River and 
met with the Deputy Governour to adjust the matter of 
fencing : measured from a Stake by the Crick 16 Rods 
Marsh, then Upland 40, 40, 52. which reached a little 
above the Dam, then guess'd that might be 16 Rods to 
16 the beffinninfj: of the Ditch. Then measured from the 



40 Dam to about a Rod below an Ehn growing to Boston- 

52 
16 



side of the Fence, which accounted the middle : Dep- 
7^ uty Governour to fence thence upward above the Dam 
* ^" 16 Rod to the Ditch : Simon Gates to fence downwards 
to the Stake by the Crick where hy consent we began. 
Had a good Dinner at Simon's ; Capt. Scottow accom- 
panied me. Deputy Governour expressed willingness 
for Simon and his Wife to sxo on foot to Cambrid<i:o 
Church directly throw his Ground. 

When came home, found all well ; but they told me the 
Sm<dl Pox was in Town, one that came in Peter Butler 
beino: sick of it at one Wolf's, whos House stands on some 
part of Capt. Oliver's Land, in the Town-House-Street. 

Wednesday, March 17. 168|. Little Hull had a Sore 
Convulsion between o. and 6. a little after his Mother and 
I gon to our privat Meeting. A cry of Fire this night but 
not one House burnt quite down ; 'twas Bachelour White's 
that fell on fire thereal)Outs where Mr. Sanfonl dwell'd. 

Generall Court on Adjournment Febr. 16. 108-j. Pub- 
lick Fast. This Court considering how npjiarent the 
threatening Hand of God is, by reasoii of the spreading 



128 DIARY OF SxUIUEL SEWALL. [168fi 

of that infectious Disease of the Small Pox in some Towns 
in the Countrey ; (Portsmouth, Exeter.) ; together with 
other Evils impending our selves and the Churches of 
Christ abroad, as also the more than ordinary severity 
of the Winter, and the Loss of many of our Cattell occa- 
sioned thereby:' Have appointed the 251'.' Day of March 
next to be kept as a Day of Solemn Humiliation and 
Prayer throughout this Colony ; That we may obtain Fa- 
vour from God for the diverting these Tokens of his 
Anger, and his Smiles towards us in the Spring and Seed- 
Time approaching : And to this end do recommend it to 
the Elders and Ministers of the respective Churches, to 
promote this work on the said day ; forbidding Servile 
Labour to all People within this Jurisdiction, thereon. 

Edw. Rawsox Seer*. 

Monday, March 22. 168|. Went to Braintrey, viewed 
Abbies Farm, and treated with Jonathan Paddleford about 
Lettimz; of it to him : Lodiz:ed in the Lower Room of Unkle 
Quinsey's new House. 

Tuesday, March 23. Went and run the Line between 
us and Tho. Faxon : and between us and Jn'' French, the 
Father; came home in Company Ephr. and Jn'* Hunt; 
found all well ; but hear of the sad consequences of yes- 
terday's County-Court, Mr. Shrimpton's saying there was 
no Governour and Company. Heat between the Members 
of the Court. I can't yet understand that Mr. Nowell, 
Cook, or Hutchinson were there. Some are much offended 
that Mr. Shrinipton was not sent to Prison. 

Fast-day, March 25, 1G86. Mr. Willard exercisoth all 
day, Mr. Bayly being constrained to keep house by reason 
of the Gout. Tho. Hollinsworth, sick of the Small Pocks, 
prayed for. 

^ The special and enipliatic statements of the reasons for a day of peni- 
tential observance, as so distinctly presented in this proclamation, illusti'ate 
what is affirmed in a previous note. — Eds. 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 129 

Friday, March 26, 1686. Court of Assistants. Go to 
the Governour's and accompany him to Court; was slow 
to go out till knew the Court pretty full : Deputy Gover- 
nour and about |- Duzen went down, among whom Mr. 
Stoughton : Mr. Dudley went not. At the Town-House 
debated what was best to do respecting Mr. Shrimpton : 
Mr. Stoug;:hton related matter of fact. Governour had 
adjourned the Court from Thorsday to Monday, beside the 
Appointment to hear Mr. Sergeant, which was done Feb. 
25. The Court not being full as the Governour alledged, 
several malefactors were call'd and sentenced, before which 
ended, Mr. Stougliton and Dudley came in ; a while after 
the Governour said to Mr. Sergeant, Will you have your 
case called now. Here is but a thin Court, — which was 
somewhat o;rievous to Mr. Stoufjhton ; At lensi-th Mr. Ser- 
geant and Shrimpton called, Mr. Shrimpton in a great 
fury, said he was no Thief, &c. though called among them ; 
and he perceived he was to Answer Mr. Sergeant and not 
the Court, because of the Governour's speech above ; told 
the Governour he had wronged him much, which some 
apply to his Arbitratorship, some otherwise : said there 
was no Governour and Company, and the Governour had 
notice of it from Mr. Humphryes., and would not iVnswere : 
substance was what suljscril^ed before in 's Paper given in 
more silently ; but now spoken, in a great Croud with 
contemptuous Pride and Rage. Gov!", Stoughton, Dudley, 
Davie, Richards. Court cleared the Room, debated among 
themselves. None but the Governour Spoke to send Mr. 
Shrimpton to Prison, one reason was because he had given 
the Essence of it in writinsJ!: lonsji: before, and nothinu!: had 
bcci\ done to him : But would have spoken to him ami the 
People, desiring the Governour to begin ; Governour said 
he despised it, or the like, speaking to ^[r. Davie who pro- 
pounded it inconvenientlv : So went awav anLrr\'. and rest 
followed him ; So is extream Displeasure among the People, 
against Stoughton and Dudley chiefly: This 20"' Shrimp- 



130 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

ton sent for, not coming, (was not at home) Court and 
Council is Adjourned to the next Thorsday after Lecture, 
and Marshal ordered to Summon him. 

Satterday, March 27'-^ Capt. Eliot, Mr. Wyllys, Allin, Frary 
go to the Governour's to comfort Him and strengthen his 
Hands, seeming to be extreamly concerned. I vindicated 
Mr. Stoughton, being the Senior Magistrate, all that ever 
I could ; but I question whether it takes much place or no. 
Mr. Addington entered nothing, and professed before the 
Council that was so surprized and 'twas such a sudden 
Gust, that scarce knew what he said : and all say 'twas 
extreara sudden and tumultuous : I perceiv Sundry Oaths 
are taking, what avail they'll be of as to things done in 
Court, I know not. 

Ship comes in from Dartmouth to Salem this week, 
about 8 weeks passage, brings news of horrid progress of 
the Persecution in France ; ^ of severals relatino; to Eno;- 
land, Parliament prorogued to May ; Rose-Frigat set out 
for Portsmouth, &c. 

Natalis. March 28. 133 Ps. sung in the morn in course : 
The Lord give me a holy godly Life without End. Letter 
read from Maldon directed to the three Churches in Bos- 
ton, desiring Council respecting their Pastor Mr. Tho. 
Chiever, who is charg'd with scandalous immoralities, for 
which hath not given satisfaction.^ Mr. Eliot and my Self 
to accompany Mr. Willard thither next Wednesday come 
Sennight, 7'- April. 



^ The Edict of Xantes was revoked in October, 1685. The revocation 
had been preceded and was followed by great severities against the Ilogue- 
nots. — Eds. 

2 From tlie " Bi-Centennial Book of Maiden," p. 157, it seems that Rov. 
Thomas Cheever was son of the famous schoolmaster, Ezekiel Cheever. lie 
was ordained July 27, 1081. Charges were made and sustained before a 
council, and he was dismissed ^Nfay 20, 1686. He afterwards recovered the 
public confidence, and was ordained pastor of the church at Chelsea, in 1715, 
where he continued for about thirty-five years, dying at the age of ninety-one 
years. — Eds. 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 131 

March 29. I visit Mr. Mather, and Mr. Nowell confined 
by his Lameness. About 6 aclock P. M. Hull hath a 
very sore Convulsion Fit. 

March the last walked with Isaac Goose and Cous. 
Quinsey, had a very pleasant Moon-shiny night. 

Thorsday, April 1, 1686. Mr. Shrimpton comes before 
the Council, gives in a Paper shewing that March 22. he 
did say there was no Governour and Company in being in 
this place, which he still did averr, and was ready to prove 
if called to it. Council adjourned to April lo-' and the 
Essex Magistrates writt to, to be here. Mr. Shrimpton said 
he never did disown a Government here, but honoured 
them. Mr. Secretary in writing the Letter writt Henry, 
in stead of Samuel. Am afraid little can or will be done, 
we shall only sentire nos mori ; for Governour seemed to 
own before the People that the Charter was vacated in 
England, and insisted upon a Proclamation sent him : 
And the Deputy Governour said the Government must 
not be tumbled down till His Majesty call'd for it, or to 
that purpose : Such discourses and arguings before the 
People do but make us grow weaker and weaker. Said 
'twas voided as much as London's; and they durst not 
since hold a Coiiion Council.^ 

April 2, 1686. Mr. Thomas Thacher dyes about 9 or 
10 aclock. Hath had a pretty long Indisposition. Buried 
on the Sabbath Afternoon. 

Monday, Apr. 5. Mr. Nehemiah Hobart chosen to 
preach the next Election-Sermon Artillery, hardly any 
other liad Votes, tiiough Mr. Cotton Mather is even al- 
most Son in Law to the Cap- and a worthy ^lan. 

Apr. 7. 1686. Get up about 4 mane to go and ac- 
company Mr. Willard to Maldon, went most by Water, 
some by Land. Those that went by Water were 



^ The JTidgment against tlie city of London on a quo u-nrninto was pro- 
nounced by the Court of King's Bench, in June, 1083. — Eds. 



132 



DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



[1688. 



landed at Switzer's Point, then went about 2 miles on 
foot. 

Apr. 8. Came home about 4 or 5 P. M. Visited Mr. 
Nowell. Mr. Tho. Bayly preached the Lecture. Vide 
Locos Comunes, quoad Concilij factum. 

Monday, Apr. 12. Mr. Lewis (in whom Mr. Wear goes 
for England to answer for Hampshire,) going out, runs 
on Shore upon a Rock a little below the Castle, at high- 
Water: so judg'd the Voyage may be much obstructed. 
High wind, and flurries of Hail. 

Tuesday, Apr. 13, 1686. Have news by Madera that 
Col. Kirk was set sail in order to come hether. 





Nomination. 




S. Bradstreet Esq. 


1144. 


Rob. Pike 


1113 


T. Danforth 


1052. 


E. Cooke 


1121, 


D. Gookin 


1002. 


W. Johnson 


872, 


I. Pvaichon 


1097. 


I. Hathorn 


983, 


W. S tough ton 


656. 


E. Hutchinson 


978, 


L Dudley 


619. 


S. Sewall 


868, 


P. Bulkly 


475. 


I. Smith 


619, 


N. Saltonstall 


852. 


I. Addino;ton 


510, 


H. Davie 


1127. 


0. Purchis 


507, 


I. Richards 


896. 


D. Pierce 


474, 


S. No^Yell 


1203. 


Jn" Blackwell 


ooi, 


Jam. Russell 


1095. 


Left Out, 




P. Tilton 


1125. 


Wl? Brown 


99 


Bar. Gedny 


387. 


Jn° Woodbridge 


325, 


S. Apleton 


1129. 







Persons that came next are — Capt. Phillips of Charles- 
town, 307 — Lt. Thurston of Meadfild, 207 — Sam! Par- 
triggc of Hadley, 176 — Capt. Daniel Epps 146. Mr. 
Saffin had very few Votes. Mr. Stoughton not present. 
Mr. Dudle}^ dined (as I think) at Mr. Shrimpton's, which 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 133 

will go near to give great offence. Commissioners dined 
at Wezendunk's/ Governour gave us liis Company there, 
and Mr. Dudley came and abode with us some time ; 
said remembred not 'twas the Day for opening the Nomi- 
nation. 

Thorsday, Apr. 15. After Lecture the Court meets, 
Mr. Shrimpton sent for, Evidences sworn. Considered 
how to hear him, as County Court, I voted for the County 
Court, and three more, or Assistants. When some were 
for Satterday, others for next Thorsday : first carried it 
because of Major Appleton and Pike : so Juries to be 
summoned then to appear. Mr. Shrimpton would not 
take any blame to himself as to substance of what had 
said, and pleaded that might be heard by the County 
Court, else refused to give Bond to appear. The Deputy 
Governour said his Case was Capital, which Mr. Stoughton 
earnestly spake against. In the hurry Deputy Governour 
Adjourned the Court, bid the Marshal Generall look to 
Mr. Shrimpton ; Marshal Generall required a Warrant 
which Secretary would not grant because the Court Ad- 
journed : So Mr. Shrimpton under no obligation to appear. 
Boston to chuse Jury-Men for the County Court, Friday 
3 aclock all under one [ballot] and read the Nomination- 
Bill. This Thorsday 15. April, Capt. Ephraim Savage's 
Maid is known to have the Small Pocks, to the (xreat 
saddening of the Town, besides all our other Deaths. 

Warrants run for the Jury to appear IT*.'.' Inst, at 8 
aclock mane to try a Case .that concerns Limb, Life, or 



^ Tliis was Warner Wesendunk, or Werendunk, whose name appears on 
the Boston Tax List of 1085. Administration was granted Aug. 12. lODO 
(Suff. "Wills, yiii. l-ll), on estate of Warner W'., Taverner, to 'J'iioinas 
Walter, at the request of the creditors, as the widow and relations did not 
desire it. Ilis widow is on the list of inhabitants in 1G95. Tliere was also 
a Stephen "W., who appears on the same lists. In lG9o, he terms himself 
" merchant, of London," now resident in Boston, and makes Francis Foxcrcift 
his attorney. In 1707, he makes John Oulton his attorney. (Suff. Deeds, 
Lib. 11, f. 212; Lib. 20, f. 220.) — Eds. 



134 DIAET OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

Banishment ; and for a Grand jury. Doubt the terms of 
the Warrant extream inconvenient. 

Thorsday, 15. A])vl\, pomerid. The Companies warned 
to Train. News is brought by Mary-Land that Mr. Ran- 
dolph alone was come for N. England. Am told a Letter 
from Mr. Ive of Dec. 10. saith was then in the Downs 
waiting for a wind. So that the Report that the Devil 
Kirk was coming (as was said the Mariners called him) 
now abates. 

Satterday, April 17, 1686. After much discourse an 
Indictment is drawn up, the Grand jury find the Bill per 
Pen Townsend, Foreman. Mr. Shrimpton appears not : so 
an Attachment ordered to goe out for him against next 
Thorsday, upon which the Marshal is to take Bond of him 
with Sureties of 1000. which if refuse to give, to carry 
him to prison. The Towns sent to as far as Weymouth 
sent their Jury Men very soon Satterday Morn ; which 
was to me a very rare sight, seeing the warrants to arrive 
a Thorsday night. INIr. Stoughton and Dudley calFd here. 
Mr. Stouii-liton said would not come ao-uin till after the 
Election, [if it] should make me lose .all my Votes. 

Sabbath, Apr. 18. Capt. Ephr. Savage puts up a Bill to 
have God's hand sanctified in sendinu: the Small Pocks into 
his Family. 

Apr. 19. Mr. Seaborn Cotton dyes. 

Thorsday, Apr. 22. Court Assistants. Mr. Shrimpton 
gives no Bond, but is sent to Prison, ^Marshal did not liglit 
on him before. In the afternoon pleads against the illegal- 
ity of the Indictment it having no Date : which suppose 
will be granted ; is dismissed tonight on 's Parol to appear 
tomorrow. Acknowletlo-ed was ashamed of tlie manner of 
's behaviour in the County Court, but stood to the Sub- 
stance, that no Governoiu' and Company. 

Mr. Tho. Smith comes to Nantasket ; was much feared 
to be lost. Cous. Nath. Dummer here. Mr. Cotton's 
Sermon printed off. Apr. 22, 1686. 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 135 

Satterday, Apr. 24. Court makes a Decree in the Ad- 
miralty Case. Mr. Shrimpton's Paper satisfies not ; Court 
overrules his Plea as to the Indictments not having a Date ; 
because alledge the giving in to Court makes it have a 
Date sufficient and determines 22'! March last past, and 
order the Secretary to underwrite it when Received in 
open Court : near half the Magistrates could not vote for 
either. Court is adjourned to the 14'- May, 8 aclock, Mr. 
Shrimpton promises then to appear, and Jury ordered to 
attend. Is a Rumor that the Frigot hath been long at 
Sea. Gave the Magristrates one of Mr. Cotton's Sermons 
on 2 Sam. 7. 10., each of them one, being now just come 
out. Ap. 24. 1686. 

Monday, Apr. 26, 1686. I and my wife set out for 
Newbury with little Hull ; Brother St. Sewall meets us at 
the Gate next the little Bridge near where Boston and 
Cambridge Rode join : yet Eliakim went on to Salem, 
w^hether we got well in good time. Was kindly enter- 
tained by Capt. Gedney, Mr. Hathorn, Epps • Visited by 
Mr. Noyes. 

Tuesday, Ap. 27. Being in a strait for a Horse, Brother 
accidentally meets with Stephen Jaqucs, who had a Horse 
exceeding fit for our purpose, and was a Newbury Man ; 
so got to Newbury very well in good time. 

Wednesday, May 5, came home-ward, took Rowley- 
Lecture in the way. Text — Denying the Power, shewed 
that true Goodness was a powerfull Principle. Came to 
Salem, Gilbert Cole to our great Benefit overtaking and 
accompanying us, and bringing my wife from Salem, else 
must have Troubled Brother. 

Thorsday, May 6, 1686. Got home about four aclock, 
found all well, blessed be God. 'Twas Lecture-day at 
Lin too and is so once a Moneth, but we have miss'd botli : 
And indeed my wives painfull Flux such, that had we 
known of Lin Lecture before past the Place, could not 
have took it. Mr. Wharton buried a Child since our 



136 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

going : and Mr. Cotton Mather married Mrs. Margaret 
Phillips before Major Richards (Mr. Russell and Capt. 
Hutchinson also present.) Tuesday May 4'.'.' 1G86. 'Tis 
said was a great Wedding, but Eliakim not bidden. 

Going to Newbury, at Ipswich Farms met with Richard 
Waldron, who told me what an Eastward Master reported 
about the coming out of the Rose-Frigot, shewing me a 
Letter written to the Capt. of the Rose at Boston in N. E. 
which causes great thoughts and expectation. Left Hull 
well at our coming away. God did graciously help us out 
and home this journey, and answer Prayer. Capt. Frary 
met us and bid us wellcom Home. 

May lOV.'. Went to Charlestown and wished Mr. Cotton 
Mather Joy, was married last Tuesday. 

Monday, W}} May, Night and Tuesday Morn, plenty of 
w^arm refreshing Rain which was extreamly wanted. 

Tuesday Morn. Mr. Mather's Maid, a Member of 
[blank] Church is brought to Bed of a Child. Nothing 
suspected before that I hear of. 'Tis said He has turn'd 
her out of 's House. 

May 12, 1686. Pleasant day. Governour ill of 's Gout, 
goes not to Meeting. Mr. Wigglesworth preaches from 
Rev. 2. 4 and part of 5*1' v. and do thy first works, end of 
the Text. Shew'd the want of Love, or abating in it, was 
ground enough of Controversy, whatsoever outward per- 
formances a people might have. In 's prayer said. That 
may know the things of our peace in this our day, and it 
may be the last of our days. Acknowledged God as to 
the Election, and brini>:ing forth him as 'twere a dead Man. 
— had been reckoned among the dead, — to preach. Gov- 
ernour being at Home adjourned to his House, and there 
the Deputy Governour and Assistants took their Oaths, 
being much obstructed and confused by the Drums 
and VoUies from which the Souldiers would not be 
refrained. 



1686.] 



DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



137 



Gookin 


1107. 


Gedny 


509, 


Pynchon 


1295. 


Appleton 


1272, 


Stoughton 


664. 


Pike 


1229, 


Dudley 


500. 


Cook 


1143, 


Bulkly 


436. 


Johnson 


987. 


Saltonstall 


1036. 


Hathorn 


1176, 


Davie 


1260. 


Hutchinson 


1066, 


Richards 


1160. 


Sewall 


957, 


Nowell 


1269. 


Addington 


903 


Russell 


1273. 


Smith 


842, 


Tilton 


1178. 







Thorsday, May 13. Major Richards and I were sent by 
the Mao-istrates to wait on Mr. Stouii:hton to invite him to 
take his Oath ; Called at Major Dudley's for Extract of 
his Letter. 

Friday, May 14. The Rose-Frigot arrives at Nantas- 
ket, Mr. Randolph up at Town about 8 mane : takes 
Coach for Roxbury : Major Pynchon and Mr. Stoughton 
are sent to the Magistrates to acquaint them with the 
King's Commands being come, and that Mr. Deputy, with 
whom he pleased to take with him, might go to Capt. 
Paige's and see he Commission, Exemjolification of the 
Judgment and Seals. Mr. Shrimpton in the morn was 
sent for and told, by reason of the Governour's absence, 
and other business, should not now proceed with his Trj'al, 
and that the Court would be adjourned and he should be 
acquainted with the time. Had a small Admiralty Case. 
Jury dismissed after Dinner. Major Pynchon has not 
took his Oath, I saw him not till came in with Mr. 
Stouii^hton. 

Elder Humpliryes of Dorchester buried this day. Major 
Richards and Self saw his Grave dio-frincr when went to 

DO D 

Mr. Stoughton' s. 

Satterday, May 15. Gov' Ilinkley, Major Richards, 
Mr. Russell and Self sent to by Major Dudley to come 



138 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

to Capt. Paige's, where we saw the Exemplification of the 
Judgment against the Charter, with the Broad Seal af- 
fixed : discoursed about their acceptance : had some 
thouo-hts of shewing; their Seals to the Mao-istrates and 
Deputies, though not to them as a Court ; but before we 
returned, the Magistrates were gone to the Governour's 
and from thence they adjourned till Monday one aclock. 
Major Generall came home and dined with me. Went to 
George Monk's and paid him in full, drank half a pint of 
Wine together. 

Friday morn Capt. Townsend is chosen Deputy for 
Boston in his Brother Addington's room. Mr. Jif Saffin 
is chosen Speaker the day before. Mr. Nicholas Noyes, 
the Minister, told me the first News of the Frigot. 

Sabbath, May 16. The Lord's Supper administered 
with us : In the morn the 2? Ps. sunii; from the 6'.l' v. to 
the end. In the family, sung the 139".^ in course. Mr, 
Randolph at Meeting, sate in Mr. Luscombe's Pue. Mr. 
Willard prayed not for the Governour or Government, as 
formerly ; but spake so as implied it to be changed or 
changing. It seems Mr. Phillips at the Old Church, prayed 
for Governour and Deputy Governour. Govf Hinkly, 
Major Pynchon, Rawson and Self with Mr. Willy in the 
Fore-Seat at the Sacrament. 

Monday, May IT"' 1686. Generall Court Sits at One 
aclock, I goe thither, about 3. The Old Government 
draws to the North-side, Mr. Addington, Capt. Smith and 
I sit at the Table, there not being room : Major Dudley 
the Praesident, Major Pynchon, Capt. Gedney, Mr. Mason, 
Randolph, Capt. Winthrop, Mr. W^harton come in on the 
Left. Mr. Stoughton I left out : Came also Capt. [of] 
King's Frigot, Gov?' llinkley, Govf West and sate on the 
Bench, and the Room pretty well filled with Spectators in 
an Instant. Major Dudley made a Speech, that was sorry 
could treat them no longer as Governour and Company ; 
Produced the Exemplification of the Charter's Condemna- 



1686.] DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 139 

tion, the Commission under the Broad-Seal of England 
— both: Letter of the Lords, Commission of Admiralty, 
openly exhibiting them to the People ; when had done, 
Deputj^ Governour said suppos'd they expected not the 
Court's Answer now ; which the Praesident took np and 
said they could not acknowledge them as such, and could 
no way capitulate with them, to which I think no Reply. 
When gone. Major Generall, Major Richards, Mr. Russell 
and Self spake our minds. I chose to say after the Major 
Generall, adding that the foundations being destroyed 
what can the Righteous do ; speaking against a Protest ; 
which some spake for. Spake to call some Elders to pray 
tomorrow which some think inconvenient, because of 
what past, and the Commissioners having several times 
declared themselves to be the King's Council when in the 
Town-House. 

Tuesday, May 18. Mr. Willard not seeing cause to go 
to the Town-House to pray, I who was to speak to him 
refrain also. Major Bulkley and Mr. Jonathan Tyng 
came to Town last night. Mr. Phillips had very close 
Discourse with the President, to persuade him not to 
accept : 'twas in Mr. Willard's Study Monday after noon 
just at night. Mr. Stoughton and Mather there too. 
Now are readino: the be^'innino- of the Psalms and the 
Acts. 

Tuesday, May 18. A great Wedding from Milton, and 
are married by Mr. Randolph's Chaplain, at Mr. Shrimp- 
tou's. according to the Service-Book, a little after noon, 
when Prayer was had at the Town-House : Was another 
married at the same time. The former was Vosse's Son. 
Borrowed a Ring. 'Tis said they having asked Mr. Cook 
and Addington, and they declining it, went after to the 
President and he sent them to the Parson. In the even 
Mr. Moodey, Allen, Willard, Addington, Frary visit me. 
It seems neither of the Mathers, nor Baylys, nor Major 
Richards were at the Fast. 



140 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

Wednesday, May 19. Capt. Eliot tells me that he hears 
Salem Troop is to be here on Friday, Capt. Higginson is 
Mr. Wharton's Brother in Law, and Capt. Gedney is of 
Salem, commands one of the Companyes. Mr. Higginson 
and Mr. Noyes steady for Submission ; the former is the 
Captain's Father. My Son reads to me Isa. 22 in his 
course this morning. In the Afternoon Major Richards 
and Self sent for to Capt. Winthrop's, and desired to have 
our Companyes in Arms next Tuesday, Boston Troop to 
bring the President from Eoxbury ; what was thought of 
the former notion is now laid aside. 

Friday, May 21, 1686. The Magistrates and Deputies 
goe to the Governour's. I was going to them about 11. 
aclock, supposing them to be at the Town-House, and 
seeing a head through the Governour's Room, and, Brisco 
in the Street, I asked if Magistrates there ; so went in and 
they were discoursing about delivering the Keys of a Fort 
which had been asked, seemed to advise him not to do it 
till the Gentlemen Sworn. Mr. Nowell prayed that God 
would pardon each Magistrate and Deputies Sin. Thanked 
God for our hithertos of Mercy 56 years, in which time 
sad Calamities elsewhere, as Massacre Piedmont ; thanked 
God for what we might expect from sundry of those now 
set over us. I moved to sing, so sang the 17. and 18. 
verses of Habbakkuk. 

The Adjournment which had been agreed before, Second 
Wednesday in October next at 8 aclock in the Morning, 
was declared by the Weeping Marshal-Generall. Muny 
Tears Shed in Prayer and at parting. 

This day the Pra3sident goes on Board the Frigot a little 
below the Castle, so the Flagg is hung out at the Main 
Top. About 4. or 5. P. M. She comes up with a fair wind, 
Castle fires about 25 Guns ; a very considerable time after 
the Frigot fires, then the Sconce and Ships, Noddles Hand, 
Charlestown Battery, Frigot again, Ships with their An- 
cients out, and Forts their Flaggs. Not very many Spec- 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 141 

tators on Fort Hill and there about, I was for one, coming 
from the Warehouse. I waited on the Proesident in the 
morn to speak with him, and so accompanied Him to 
Town. Wednesday, Major Richards and I were sent for 
to Capt. Winthrop's to speak with us about attending with 
our Companyes on Tuesday ; this was near night. Were 
advised to consult our Officers ; Major Richards objected 
the discontent of the Souldiers and may be it might prove 
inconvenient. On Thorsday, before Lecture, at Capt. 
Paige's, I told the President thought I could do nothing to 
the purpose : On Friday waited on him on purpose and 
propounded Lieut. Hayward : when came home, after Din- 
ner went to speak with Lieut. Hayward, found him at 
George's. There he Avas speaking with his Capt., the 
Pr93sident having spoken to him ; he was to return an 
Answer to the Prcesident. I hear no more of it, so I 
suppose 'tis left with him. On Wednesday Major spake 
of warning by Corporals not Drum. 

May 26, mane we read the seventeenth Psalm in Course, 
a precious seasonable Prayer for this Day. 

Wednesday, May 26. Mr. Ratliff, the Minister, waits 
on the Council ; Mr. Mason and Randolph propose that 
he may have one of the 3 Houses to j)i'each in. That is 
deny'd, and he is granted the East-End of the Town- 
House, where the Dej)uties used to meet ; untill those 
who desire his Ministry shall provide a fitter place. No 
Body that I observed went to meet the President at his 
first cominsc to Town that I know of.^ 



^ It seems proper, at tins point, to mention a cnrious literaiy performance, 
which promised to throw light on the events of this date. In tlie " St. Cliry- 
sostom's Magazine," Vol. II. Nos. 11 and 12, pnblished in Xew York, 
December, 1874, and February, 1875, appeared two letters, pur}X)rting to be 
written by Rev. Robert RatclifEe, the Episcopal clergyman who preceded 
Andros. The editor of the magazine wrote to an inquirer that these letters 
were printed from the originals, but further responses to all questions were 
refused. 

lu the first of these letters, addressed to the Bishop of London, RatclifEe 



142 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

Tliorsday, May 27. Lieut. Checkly and I wait on the 
President and Mr. Stougliton to Mr. Allin's. Mr. Whiting 
of Hartford preaches. Mr. Danforth sits in the Gallery, 
Major Gookin with me. Ministers generally dine with 
the President and Co. 

Friday, May 28. I pay my Respects to Mr. Stougliton 
as Deputy-President, break fast with him, and ride part 
of the way to Town. Then I goe with Capt. Eliot and 
adjust the Line between him and me at Muddy-River. 
Visit Mr. Benj. Eliot as we come back. Yesterday a very 
refreshing Rain. 

Sabbath, May oOt!^ 1686. My Son reads to me in course 
the 2Q^!! of Isaiah — In that day shall this Song, &c. And 
we sing the 141. Psalm, both exceedingly suited to this 
day. Wherein there is to be Worship according to the 
Church of England as 'tis call'd, in the Town-House, by 
Countenance of Authority. 'Tis deferred 'till the 611' of 
June at what time the Pulpit is provided ; The pulpit is 



is made to give a full account of the pi'oceedings at the Council Chamber on 
May 20, when the late Governor Bradstreet made a long prayer. Katclifte, 
as represented, asked for a place in \Yhich to hold Church of England services; 
and Bradstreet rose, and, after upbraiding Dudley, left the hall. 

It appears, from the Council Records, that, on the 25th May, there were 
twelve present, viz., Dudley, Stougliton, Mason, Fitz Winthrop, I'inchon, 
Dudley, Walt "Winthrop, Wharton, Gedney, Ilincks, E. Tyng, and llan- 
dolph. 

On Atay 26, eleven were present; Ilincks not named, and Stougliton was 
made deputy. 

On ]\Iay 27, eleven present; Ilincks attending and Gedney absent. On 
the 28th, eleven; Usher being present. On .lune ISth, Jonathan Tyng 
appears. The names of Simon Bradstreet, Dudley Bradstreet, and Nathaniel 
Saltonstall do not appear on the records. 

It w^ould have been strange, if, after the meeting of INIay 21, herein re- 
corded, Bradstreet should have attended the Council meeting; almost incredi- 
ble that, if he had done so and had enacted so striking a part, Sewall should 
not record it. 

For these and other reasons, especially the inexplicable retention of the 
originals, we are compelled to concede no authority to the transcripts, and 
must continue to stand by such details only as these journals furnish to us. 
— Eds. 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 143 

movable, carried up and down stairs, as occasion serves ; 
it seems many crouded thether, and the Ministers preached 
forenoon and Afternoon. Charles Lidget there. 

Satterday, June 5"\ I rode to Newbury, to see my 
little Hull, and to keep out of the way of the Artillery 
Election, on which day eat Strawberries and Cream with 
Sister Longfellow at the Falls, visited Capt. Richard Dum- 
mer, rode to Salem, where lodged 2 nights for the sake 
of Mr. Noyes's Lecture, who preached excellently of 
Humility, from the woman's w*ashing Christ's feet. Was 
invited by Mr. Higginson to Dinner, but could not stay, 
came alone to Capt. Marshal's, from thence with Mr. Davie, 
who gave me an account of B. Davis Capt., Tho. Savage 
Lieut, and Sam Eavenscroft Ensign, of the Artillery ; Jn** 
Wait w^as chosen but serv'd not. Mr. Hubbard preached 
from Eccles., There is no Discharge in that War. 

Friday, June IL Waited on the Council, took the Oath 
of Allegiance, and rec'd my new Commission for Capt. 
Was before at a privat Fast at Deacon Allen's : so Capt. 
Hutchinson and I went about 5. aclock, and all the rest 
were sworn, Capt. Hutchinson at present refuses. I read 
tlie Oath myself holding the book in my Left hand, and 
holding up my Right Hand to Heaven.' 

Friday, June 18. My dear Son, Hull Sewall, dj'cs at 
Kewburj- about one aclock. Brother Toppan gets hither 
to acquaint us on Satterday morn between 5 and 6. We 
set out about 8. I got to Newbury a little after Sun-set, 
where found many persons waiting for the Fiuieral ; so 
very quickly went; Mr. Woodbridge and Richardson 
there : Bearers Mr. Sam' Tompson, Jn" Moodey, Jn" 

1 This matter of holding up tlie hand in taking an oath, as opposed to the 
Englisli custom of holding the Bible or kissing it, became very soon one of 
the trivial but irritating questions in dispute between the colonists and the 
Aiidros faction. In 1089, Rev. Samuel Willard printed a discourse on the 
point, and the grievance of using the English mode is brougiit forward in 
the pamphlets of the day. Sei? Andros's Tracts (Prince Society, l^oston, 
1808), Vols I. pp. 15, 17, 179. — Eds. 



144 DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

Toppan, Johnny Richardson. Had Gloves. Gave no 
body else any because 'twas so late. 

Sabbath-day Morn. Goodman Pilsbury was buried just 
after the ringing of the second Bell. Grave dugg over 
night. Mr. Richardson Preached from 1 Cor. 3, 21.22, 
going something out of 's Order by reason of the occasion, 
and singling out those Words Oi^ Death. 

On Monday I distributed some Gloves, and in the After- 
noon about 6 aclock came with Deacon Coffin to Salem 
about 10. at night. From thence early in the Morn by 
reason of the flaming Heat, and got to Winnisimmet be- 
fore the Ferry-men up, Got home about | after seven, 
found all well. Hullie w^as taken ill on Friday Morn. 
Mr. Clark of Cambridge had a Son of 9 years old drownd 
the Tuesday before. Two women dy'd suddenly in Bos- 
ton. James Mirick that lived just by my Father at New- 
bury, had his House suddenly burnt down to the Ground 
on Sabbath-day Even before this Friday. 

The Lord sanctify this Third Bereavement. 

Tuesday, June 22, 1686. Betty Lane's Father dyes 
suddenly. 

Wednesday, Junij ulf. Went to a Fast at Dorchester, 
Mr. Danforth and Williams exercised, and no other. In 
the Evening supped with Major Gidney, Mr. Moodey, 
Allin, at Mr. Stoughton's. 

Friday, July 2. Mrs, Chaney, widow, dyes having been 
sick a day or two, of a Flux. Her Body is carried in the 
night to Roxbury there to be buried. 

July 9. Mr. Richard Collicot buried. 

Monday, July 12. Mr. Thomas Kellond dyes, is to be 
buried on Thorsday between 4 and 5. Is the only son of 
INIadame Kellond, and Mrs Luscombe is now her only 
child. Conversed with Mr. Thomas when at Newbury in 
the beginning of June. He was so fat and corpulent that 
most thought he could not live. 

Wednesday, July 21. Went to Cambridge-Lecture and 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 145 

heard Mr. Morton. Considerable Rain this Day. Dined 
at Remington's. 

Mr. Jn" Bayly preaches his farewell Sermon from 2 
Cor. 13, 11. Goes to Watertown this week. July 25, 
1686. 

July 26, 1686. More Rain this day. Major Richards 
and most of the Captains gave in some Military Orders 
for the Council's Approbation and Passing : and before 
the Council agreed that this day fortnight be a Training- 
Day. 

July 27, 1686. Mr. Stoughton prayes excellently, and 
makes a notable speech at the opening of the Court. The 
Foreman of the Grand-Jury, Capt. Hollbrook, swore laying 
his hand on the Bible, and one or two more. So Mr. Bal- 
lard, Foreman of the Petit Jury, and one or two more. 
Others swore lifting up their hands, as formerly. Attor- 
neys are sworn and none must plead as Attorneys but 
they. 

July 28. A considerable Troop from Watertown come 
and fetch Mr. Bayly, some of ours also accompany them. 
Francis Stepney the Dancing Master runs away for Debt. 
Several Attachments out after him. 

Thorsday night, July 29, 1686. I goe the Grand Rounds 
with Isaac Goose and Matthias Smith : Comes eight dayes 
sooner than it ought because Capt. Lidget's Lieut, refuses, 
and so tlie rest of the Company, 

Friday, July 30. Church Meeting, at which Richard 
Draper, Mrs. Clark, Sarah Chapin, and Eliza Lane ad- 
mitted. 

About the same time W™ Johnson Esq!" is sharply re- 
proved by the Council for his carriage on the Fast-day, 
stajing at home himself and having a Duzcn ]\Ien at 's 
House.' Told him must take the Oath of Allegiance ; he 

^ It seems, from the "History of Woburn, Mass.," written by the late 
liev. Samuel Sewall, p. 108, that William Johnson was a prominent citizen 
of that town. He was the son of Captain Edward Johnson, the author of 

10 



146 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

desired an Hour's consideration, then said he could not 
take it ; but when his Mittimus writing, or written, he 
consider'd again, and took it rather than goe to Prison. 
Objected against that clause of acknowledging it to be 
be Lawfull Authority who administred ; would see the 
Seals. 

Aug* 4. Mr. Moodey exercises at our House, being our 
Meeting-day. Mr. Shove in Town. 

Aug* 5. WH} Harrison, the Bodies-maker, is buried, which 
is the first that I know of buried with the Common-Prayer 
Book in Boston. He was formerly Mr. Randolph's Land- 
lord. This day Capt. Paige hath a Judgment for Capt. 
Keyn's Farm : Mr. Cook Appeals. Mr. Morton preaches 
the Lecture. One Jn° Gold, Chief Commander of the 
Military Company at Topsfield, is sent to Prison for Trea- 
sonable Words spoken about the change of Government, is 
to be tryed this day fortnight. Council said he was not 
bailable. 

Sabbath-day, Aug* 8. 'Tis said the Sacrament of the 
Lord's Supper is administered at the Town-House. Clev- 
erly there. 

Aug* 9. Pretty sharp Thunder and Lightening. 

Aug* 10. Ridd to Brain trey in Company of Mr. Pain, 
and Mr. Joseph Parson, and home agen. 'Tis said a Groton 
Man is killed by 's cart, Bowells crushed out ; and a Boy 
killed by a Horse at Rowley ; foot hung in the Stirrup and 
so was torn to pieces ; both about a week ago. 

Auti^* 10. at nifj-ht. Two Brothers die in one Bed, the 
Mate and Purser of the Ship which brought the French- 
men. Died of a Malia:nant Fever. Auu:* 11. Buried 
together. Mr. Parris spake at Mrs. Noyes's. 

Augt. 18, 1686. Went and came on Foot to Cambridge- 
Lecture. Dined at Mr. Gookin's in Company of Mr. Hub- 

" Wonder-working Providence," and was noted for his zeal for the old 
charter. A full sketch of his life and character will be found in the above- 
cited history. — Eds. 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 147 

bard, N. Cambr. [New Cambridge, now Newton] and 
others. 

Angt. 21. mane Mr. Randolph and Bullivant were here, 
Mr. Randolph mentioned a Contribution toward building 
them a Church, and seemed to goe away displeased be- 
cause I spake not up to it. 

Friday, Augt. 20. Read the 143, 144 Psalms mane, and 
Sam Read the 10*1' of Jeremiah. I was and am in great 
exercise about the Cross to be put into the Colours, and 
afraid if I should have a hand in 't whether it may not 
hinder my Entrance into the Holy Land. 

Sabbath-day, Augt. 22. In the Evening seriously dis- 
coursed with Capt. Eliot and Frar}^, signifying my inability 
to hold, and readino; Mr. Cotton's ArQ-uments to them 
about the Cross, and sayd that to introduce it into Boston 
at this time was much, seeing it had been kept out more than 
my Life-time,^ and now the Cross much set by in England 
and here ; and it could scarce be put in but I must have 
a hand in it. I fetcht home the Silk Elizur Holyoke had 
of me, to make the Cross, last Friday morn ; and went 
and discoursed Mr. Mather. He judged it Shi to have it 
put in, but the Captain not in fault ; but I could hardly 
understand how the Connnand of others could wholly 
excuse them, at least me who had spoken so much against 
it in April 1G81, and that Summer and forward, upon oc- 
casion of Capt. Walley's putting the Cross in his Colours. 
AuLj-t. 22. Balston arrives. 

o 

^ The English colors at that time, of course, bore St. George's cross; and 
the use thereof, as savoring of idolatry or Popery, aroused Puritanic feelings 
at an early date. In 10.'31, Endicott and Davenport had altered the ensign 
;ised at Salem by removing one part of the red cross. Palfrey points out 
that this act placed the colonial government in a difficult position, since the 
act would be construed in England as a defiance, and yet at home it Jiad the 
sympathy of the people. Finally, it was decided to leave out the cross on the 
colors of the military companies, but to keep it on the flag at Castle Island. 
Hutchinson writes (I. 38): "This scruple afterwards prevailed, and the 
cross was left <^^i of the colours and generally condemned as unlawful." — 
us- '^■:ot 



148 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

Monday, Augt. 23. At even I wait on the President 
and shew him that I cannot hold because of the Cross 
now to be introduc'd, and offer'd him my Commission, 
which he refus'd, said would not take it but in Council. 
Receiv'd me very candidly, and told me we might expect 
Sir Edmund Andros, our Governour, here within six 
weeks ; for ought I know that might make him the more 
placid. Came over the Neck with Mr. Sherman. Laus 
Deo. 

Balston arrives Augt. 22 : came from Graves-End June 
24, 1686. Had news there by several vessels that the 
Rose-Frigot was arrived here. Mr. Lee ^ and another 
Minister come over with many Passengers. 



^ This was the Rev. Samuel Lee, born in London in 1623, bred at Oxford, 
and a proctor there in 1651. He was settled at Bristol, Mass. ; embarked for 
home in 1G91; was taken by a Fi-ench privateer to St. Maloes, and died there 
soon after. As Savage's account of his family relations is incorrect, we offer 
the following statement from records : — • 

In the Collections of the Mass. Hist. Society, 4th Series, pp. 540-542, are 
some letters from Lee to Mather; and in one of them, dated Aug. 25, 1687, 
Lee thanks Increase INIatlier for admitting his daughter Anne to his church. 
In Robbins's History Sec. Ch. she stands as admitted April 24, 16S7. Again, 
Oct. 14, 1687, Lee writes: " My wife and daughters present their hearty 
respects, especially Annie." 

Again (4th Series, VIII. 373), eloshua Moodey writes, Nov. 19, 1688: 
"Mr. Saffin has lately married Mr. Lee's eldest daughter." From many 
sources, as, for example, a deed in the Suffolk Registry, XIX. 237, Sept. 
24, 1691, to John George from John Saffin and wife Rebecca, we learn her 
name. 

In Rev. Samuel Mather's Life of his father. Cotton iNIather (p. 131), he 
writes : — 

" In his fifty-third year, July 5, 1715, he was married to his third Wife. 
She is the Daughter of the renouned and very learned Mr. Samuel Lee. She 
was the widow of Mr. George, a worthy Merchant, when Dr. Mather pay'd 
his Respects unto her in order to be Marry'd. She is a Lady of many and 
great Accomplishments, and is the Doctor's disconsolate Widow." Her 
name was Lydia, and she died Jan. 22, 1733-34. (Hist, and Gen. Reg. 
VI. 20.) 

In Suffolk Deeds (Lib. 17, f. 146), under date of Xov. 1, 1695, is an in- 
denture between Henry Wyrley of Xew BristoU in the coui\ty of Bristoll in 
New England. Fellmonger, and Anne his wife, one of tln^ Daughters and 
coheirs of the Rev. Samuel Lee, late of Bristoll, clerk, dec -ed, of the one 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 149 

Augt. 29. Lord's day. Mr. Lee, the Minister, now 
come over, came to our Meeting in the Forenoon, and 
sate in my Pue. 

part, and John George of Boston, merchant, of the other part; by which the 
Wyrleys sell their one fourth part (the whole in four equal parts to bo 
divided), of the following messuages, &c. : — 

One messuage farme or tenement situate near Bissitree in the co. of Ox- 
ford, Eng. commonly called Bignell's farm, in the holding of one Richard 
Wilson ; 

And of several other parcels of land called Brill lands, in the parish of 
Brill, CO. Bucks, viz: 

Riddo Hill in the tenure of Peter Baker; the upper part of Little Park, 
in the tenure of John Gregory; the close next Mr. Dormers, in the tenure 
of one Smith; the close next Mr. Smith's close, in the tenure of Mr. Hunt; 
the Poltree meadow in the lane by the wood and 

Hazelcomb near Poltree wood, in tenure of John Gregory; the Hazelcomb 
by Spring Copps, in tenure of Richard Turner; and the woods of Poltree 
and Spring Copps. 

The land is estimated at one hundred acres, more or less. 

We thus establish that Lee had, Rebecca, who married John Saffin; Lydia, 
who married John George, and second. Cotton Mather; Anne, who married 
Henry Wyrley; and undoubtedly a fourth daughter. 

We now turn to a letter printed in the N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, 

I. 191, dated Xov. 7, 1728, from Dr. Isaac Watts. It is addressed evidently 
to the wife of ISIajor Samuel Sewall, who was Katherine (George), widow of 
Nathan Howell, and step-daughter of Cotton Mather. It was occasioned by 
the death of her two children, George and Nathan Howell, drowned Jan. 8, 
1728, while skating. 

John George's will (SufE. Wills, XVIII. 196), dated March 16, 1711, 
proved Nov. 27, 1714, mentions his widow; his only child, Katherine Howell; 
her husband, Nathan Howell; and his own sister-in-law, Mrs. Rebecca Saffin. 

Katherine George and Nathan Howell were married by Dr. Colman, Aug. 

II, 1708; and had George, born Nov. 1, 1712, and Nathan, born March 21, 
1713-1-4. These were the two children who were drowned. From Sewall's 
Diary (quoted in 4th Series, II. 125), it seems that Nathan Howell, the 
father, died May 2, 1716, and his widow married Samuel Sewall, Jan. 1, 
1716-17. Sewall had no children by this wife ; and as her mother, Katherine 
George, had none by her second husband, Mather, this line of Lee's issue 
became extinct. 

As to the letter, Dr. Watts writes as follows: " Mr. Lee, your Venerable 
Grandfather was Predecessor to Mr. Thomas Rowe, my Ilonour'd Tutor, 
and once my Pastor in my younger years. Mr. Peacock who married your 
eldest Aunt, was my intimate Friend. i\Irs. Bishop and 'Mrs. AVirley were 
both my Acquaintance, tliough my long Illness and Absence from London 
has made me a Stranger to their Posterity whom I knew when Children. But 
now I know not who of them are living or where. Doc"" Cotton Mather, youi' 



150 DIARY OF SA^IUEL SEWALL. [16S6. 

Augt. 30. Eight Companyes Train, but I appear not 
save to take leave in the morning, getting Mr. Willard to 
goe to Prayer. Lieut. Holyoke led the Company which 
had Lt. Col? Colours : in the morn Lt. Way came to me 
and told me the likelihood of Mr. Lee's being my Tenant ; 
so invited said Way to Dinner. Gave each Souldier a 
Sermon : God's Promise to his Plantations ; and 20s. [to 
the Company for a Treat]. 

Augt. 3L Mr. Nowell, Moodey and Rawson visit me 
and comfort me. 

Augt. 31. Mr. Lee views the House at Cotton-Hill in 
order to taking it. 

Sept"" 1. Went to Natick Lecture, Simon Gates shew- 
ing me the way ; called as went at Noah Wiswall's ; came 
home accompanied by Major Gookin and his Son Sam. till 
the way parted. Mr. Dan! Gookin preached ; were about 
40 or 50 Men at most, and a pretty many Women and 
Children [at the Lidian Meeting-house]. Call'd at the 
President's as came home, who was very pleasant ; Ex- 
cus'd my giving himself and the Deputy President occa- 
sion to say what they did on Thorsday night. Met with 
there, Capt. Blackwell and Mr. Hubbard and his wife, with 
whom I came over the Neck. 

Sept^ 3. The report about Sir Edmund Andros coming, 
is refreshed by Martin in his way to N. York. 

Friday, Sept!" 3. Mr. Shrimpton, Capt. Lidget and oth- 

late Father-in-Law was my yearly Correspondent, and I lament the loss of 
him." 

We have here a distinct statement that Mr. Peacock married the oldest 
aunt; and, as all the reference is to Lees, undoubtedly she was the oldest 
daughter of Rev. Samuel Lee. ]\Irs. Bishop and ]Mrs. Wyrley are mentioned 
in the same connection; and, as the latter was Anne Lee, we may presume 
Mrs. Bishop to be also. Yet if so, who was she? Rebecca (Satliii) is said 
to have married, July 26, 1712, Rev. Joseph Baxter, of Medfield (born 1(J76, 
H. C. 1693; died May 2, 174.5). Can Bishop be an error for Baxter, or was 
there a fifth daughter? If there were five, one may have died witliout issue 
before Wyrley inherited the fourth part of Lee's estate, already described as 
sold by him. — Eos. 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 151 

ers come in a Coach from Roxbury about 9. aclock or past, 
singing as they come, being inflamed with Drink : At 
Justice Morgan's they stop and drink Healths, curse, 
swear, tolk profanely and baudily to the great disturb- 
ance of the Town and grief of good people. Such high- 
handed wickedness has hardly been heard of before in 
Boston. 

Monday, Septf 6. Artillery Training. Not one old 
Captain there. Dartmouth Frigot arrives from Barmudas 
last night. Lieut. Holyoke's little Daughter buried to- 
day : died on Satterday. 

Tuesday, Septf 7*1' The Dartmouth Frigot comes up. 
I goe with my wife, Cous. Ruth, Savages and Mrs. Baker 
and their Children to Hog-Iland. We put off just as the 
Frigot and Ships and Town Salute each other mutually. 
Got home by 9. aclock. 

I little thought of its being the day signed by the Alma- 
nack for the Court of Assistants, till coming home I acci- 
dentally spyed. It has been a great day of feasting on 
Board Capt. Head. Mr. Lidget and Shrimpton there. I 
suppose they are little concerned for being bound over in 
the morn for their Friday night Revel. ^ 

Monday, Sept!" 13, 1G86. Mr. Cotton Mather preaches 
the Election Sermon for the Artillery, at Charlestown, 
from Ps. 144. 1. made a very good Discourse. President 
and Deputy President there. As I went in the morn I 
had Sam. to tlie Latin Scliool, which is the first time. Mr. 
Chiever received him gladly. The Artillery Company had 
like to have been broken up ; the animosity so high be- 
tween Charlestown and Cambridgi;e Men about the Place 
of Trainiuii;. Were fain at last to vote the old OlHcers to 



^ General Sumner, in his " History of East Boston," sncfgosts that Sewall 
does not write of this alleged misbehavior of Shrimpton as of his own per- 
sonal knowledge, but probably heard of it as an exaggerated rumor. There 
is no record of any further proceedings in the court against Slii'impton on 
tills charfje. — Eds. 



152 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

stand for next year, in general. Major Gookin, Richards 
and Self, by as Spectators. Major Gookin to order. 

Wednesday, SeptF 15. Mr. David Geffries ^ marries 
Mrs Betty Usher before Mr. Ratcliff. 

Monday, Septf 20. The President, Deputy President, 
Capt. Blackwell, Councillour Usher, Mr. Moodey, Lee, 
Morton, Allen, Willard, Cotton Mather, and Self, goe and 
visit Mr. Baylye at Watertown, and there dine. 

Sept!" 23. Lecture day. Govf Bradstreet is gone with 
his Lady to Salem. President and Deputy President call'd 
here. 

Sept!" 24. Friday. Capt. Clapp leaves the Castle ; about 
nine Guns fired at his goiug off. It seems Capt. Clap is 
not actually come away, but Capt. Winthrop, and Lieut. 
Thomas Savage did this day there receive their Commis- 
sions. 

Satterday, Sepf 25. The Queen's Birthday is celebrated 
by the Captains of the Frigots and sundry others at Nod- 
dles Hand. King and Council's Proclamation of Nov!" 6. 
last, was published by beat of Drum throw the Town to 
hinder their making Bonfires in the Town however. Went 
with their Boats to the Ships and Vessels and caused them 
to put out their Ancients. Many Guns fired. A kind of 
Tent set up at the Hand and a Flagg on the top on 't. 
Made a great Fire in the Evening, many Hussas, 

Sabbath, Sept!" 26. Mr. Willard expresses great grief 
in 's Prayer for the Profanation of the Sabbath last night. 
Mr. Lee preaches with us in the Afternoon from Isa. 52. 7. 
Said that all America should be converted, Mexico over- 
come, England sent over to convert the Natives, loolv you 



^ David Jeffries was a new comer, born at Rhoad, in Wiltshire, ayIio 
arrived here May 9, 1677. A full account of liis descendants can be found in 
the N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, XV. 14-17. Among them we may note 
David Jeffries, town treasurer; his son. Dr. John Jeffries, who made the 
celebrated balloon voyage across the English Channel; and his son, the late 
eminent physician, John Jeffries, Jr. — Eds. 



1686.] DIARY OF SAAIUEL SEWALL. 153 

do it. Read in course this day Cant. 6. vid. Bright'm.^ 
fol. 121. 

Septy 27. Hannah clambring to the Cupboard's head 
upon a chair breaks her forhead grievously just above her 
left Eye : 'twas in the morn. 

SeptI" 28. Mr. Edward Grove w^ho kept the Salutation, 
dyed this day of the bloody Flux. Yesterday's Training 
was hindred by the Rain. No Drumms beat. 

Wednesday, Sept!" 29. Set forth toward Narraganset, 
went to Woodcock's. 

Oct' 2*^ Mr. Joseph Eliot and I went from Joseph 
Stanton's to Stoiiington and kept the Sabbath with Mr. 
Noyes. 

Octf 6. Went with Mr. By field to Rode-Iland about 
the middle on't, go to Bristow, there lodged. OctF 7. 
Went to Newport and back again to Mr. Byfield's. OctF 8. 
Rode to Plat's Farm. Ocf 9. Satterday. Mr. Eliot and 
I got home about one aclock, and found all well. Soli 
Deo gloria. 

Sabbath-day, Octf 10. By reason of the Fires the Meet- 
ing-Houses are much filled with Smoke ; so 'twas a 
Lecture-day, one might feel it in ones eyes. Mr. Willard 
preached in the afternoon from Ps. 43. ult. 

Wednesday, Octy 6. Mr. Baj'ly is ordain'd at Water- 
town, but not as Con2:re""ational Men are. 

Thorsday, Octf 7. Deacon Bright carrying home chairs, 
&c. used at Mr. Baylys, is hurt by his Cart none seeing, 
so that he dyes Oct!" 9. Satterday. It seems he was the 
only Officer left in that Church. Several of his Ribs 
broken. 

Octf 12. Mr. Shove dines with us. 

Wednesday, OctF 13'.'.' Carry Mistress Bridget Hoar be- 
hind me to Cambridge-Lecture, where Mr. Lee preached. 



^ ;Mr. Brightman (called by Fuller William, by Xeal Thomas') \Yrote a 
Commentary on the Song of Solomon. — Eds. 



154 DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

After Lecture was invited to Dinner by the late Deput}? 
Governour ; at his Table sat down Deputy Governour and 
his Lady, Mr. Lee, Morton, Bayly, Hubbard of the Vil- 
lage, Russell, Sewall, Wyllie, Ballard, Leverett, Brattle, 
Williams, [of] Derefield. Mr. Lee craved a Blessing and 
returned Thanks. Came home in Company Mr. Hez. 
Usher and Lady, and from widow Clark's, with Capt. 
Eliot and his Sons Elizur Holyoke and Mr. Joseph : got 
home about 8. aclock at night. Went in Company of the 
same save Mr. Hez. Usher and Lady who were not ready. 

Wednesday, Sepf 29. Capt. Clap went to Dorchester- 
Lecture, so to Boston, where he dwells, having actually 
left the Castle this day 29*.!^ September. Guner Baxter 
also is here, having laid down his place, and both aged. 

Thorsday, Oct^ 14. Many Guns fired, and at night a 
Bonfire on Noddles Hand, in remembrance of the King's 
Birth-day; 'tis the more remarkable because Wednesday 
Octf 13"' was the day the Generall Court was adjourn'd to 
at 8 aclock. Upon Thorsday before Lecture the Guns 
fired ; some marched throw the Streets with Viols and 
Drums, playing and beating by turns. 

Satterday, Octl" 16. Accompanied Judge Stoughton as 
far as Dorchester Burying place, at his return from the 
Eastward. 

Monday, Octf 18. Pretty deal of Rain. Sabbath, OctF 
IT. Mr. Edw. Taylor preaches in the Forenoon. 

Tuesday, Ocf 19. Wait on Major Richards to Brain- 
trey, where He join's in Marriage his Cousin John Hunt 
and Cousin Ruth Quinsey; present, Capt. Quinsey the 
Father, Mr. Fisk who pray'd before and after, his wife. 
Cap. Daniel Quinsey and Exper. Quinsey, Avife, Capt. 
Savage and w^ife, Lieut. Tho. Hunt and wife. Hunt of 
Weymouth and wife, Mr. Sam. Shepard. Came home 
after Diner. Wedding was about one of the Clock. This 
day Mr. Smith and Butler come in from London. I re- 
ceive Gazetts next morn to the 2C"' of Auijrust. 'Tis 



1686.] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 155 

reported that the King-Fisher ^ rides no longer Admiral in 
the Downs as being ready to sail and bring Sir Edmund 
Andros our Governour. 

Satterday night, Oct^ 23, about 7 aclock the Frigot fires 
many Guns, Drums and Trumpets going. I heard the 
Guns. 

Sabbath-day, Oct^ 24, A Man Swoons in our Meeting- 
House, and falls down, which makes much disturbance, yet 
Mr. Willard breaks not off preaching. 

Tuesday, Oct^ 26. I set sweet-briar seeds at the Pas- 
ture by Mr. Saunderson's, next the Lane at the upper 
end. Little red Heifer is this day brought from Brain- 
trey to be killed. 

Oct"^ 29. Mr. Sam! Danforth preaches at the Meeting 
at Cousin Quinsey's, Luke 3. 8. 

Friday, Nov^ 5. Mr. Morton is ordained the Pastor of 
the Church at Cliarlestown ; Propounded to the Church 
and to all if any had to object; then the Churches Yote w^as 
had ; Mr. Mather gave him his charge, Mr. Allen, Moodey, 
Willard pray'd. Mr. Morton's Text was out of Rom. 1. 16. 
Took occasion to speak of the 5*.'.' of November very pith- 
ily, and said the just contrary to that Epistle was taught 
and practised at Rome. Mr. Mather spoke in praise of 
the Congregational way, and said were [he] as Mr. Mor- 
ton, he would have Hands laid on him. Mr. Moodey in 's 
prayer said, thongh that which would have been gratefuU 
to many was omitted, or to that purpose.^ I dined about 
3. or. 4. aclock at Mr, Russel's. 



^ The " Kiii,:,rfisher " was the vessel \Yhich brought Andros hither. She 
is not in tlie navy list of 1(J77, but, in 1602, is called a fourth-rate, GGi tons 
burthi'n. Avirli '220 men and -iO guns. — Eds. 

^ In using tlie word ordained in connection witli the induction of the Rev, 
Cliarles ]\lortou to the pastorate of the church in Charlestown, Sewall obscures 
the explanation of what seems to have been objectionable to him, as well as 
to Mr. ^Slather, in the services on the occasion. ]\[r. ^b)rton was at thetimo 
sixty years of age. lie was born at Pendevy, Cornwall, in 1(J2(J. His father 
and two of his brotliers were clergvmen of the Church. As a Follow of 



156 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

Fridcay, Nov'^ 5. One Mr. Clark [of the English Church] 
preaches at the Town-House. Speaks much agamst the 
Presbyterians in England and here. 

Satterday, Nov^ 6. One Robison Esqr., that came from 
Antego, is buried; first was had to the Town-House 
and set before the Pulpit, where Mr. Buckley preached. 
The President and many others there. Common-Prayer 
used. 

Monday, Nov^ 8. Lewis arrives. I have a Gazett to 
the 6"' of September, by which are inform'd of the taking 
of Buda [by the Imperialists], which heard of before by a 
vessel from Bilbao. 

Nov^ 9. Mr. Shove at our house, went on to Roxbury, 
after had sat with me awhile. I am ill of a Cold I took 
on Friday, lies much in my head. 

Thorsday, Nov^ 11. I deliver'd my Commission to the 
Council, desiring them to appoint a Captain for the South- 
Company ; left it with them to put 'em in mind on't. As 
was coming home Capt. Hill invited me to his House where 
unexpectly I found a good Supper. Capt. Hutchinson, 
Townsend, Savage, Wing and sundry others to the num- 
ber of 14 or 15, were there. After Supper sung the 
46".' Ps. 



Wadham College, Oxford, where he was distinguished for mathematical and 
general scholarship, he was also very zealous for the church rites and cere- 
monies. Siding afterwards with the Puritans, he was ejected from his min- 
istry at Blisland by the Act of Uniformity of 1062. Removing to London, 
he for several years had a most successful academy at Newington Green, edu- 
cating many ministers and many distinguished pupils, among them the famous 
De Foe. He came to this country with a view to the Presidency of Harvard 
College; but, as under the rule of Andros he was politically obnoxious, the 
ofRce of Vice-President was created for him. The earlier ministers of the 
colony, beginning with AVilson, though they had been regularly ordained in 
England, considered a reordination, by the imposition of hands, requisite 
when they assumed the pastorate of a particular clmrch. Though the feeling 
in favor of the precedent was a strong one, Morton objected to it, and he set 
the example of a method which has since been known among Congregation- 
alists in the resettlement of a minister previously ordained as an installation. 
— Eds. 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 157 

Friday, Nov^ 12. I go to the Meeting at the School- 
house. 

Jif Griffin is this week buried with the Coinon-Prayer : 
Which is the third funeral of this sort, as far as I can 
learn. 

In the Preamble to the Order for the Thank so-ivinu;, are 
these words — As also for that His Majesties Kingdoms, 
and other His Majesties Plantations, flourish in all happy 
peace and tranquillity. It is therefore ordered &c. 

Nov"^ 10, 1686. Second year of His Majesties Reign. 

Tuesday, Nov^ 16. I goe to Roxbury Lecture, and hear 
Mr. Eliot, the father, pray and preach. Came home with 
Mr. Moodey. This day Gardener arrives and brings Ga- 
zetts to the 16*:^ of September, in one of which is that on 
the 131!' of September His Majestie accepted of Rode-Iland 
Surrender by their Address. At night Brother Longfellow 
lodges here. 

Wednesday, Nov^ 17. At parting I give him 2 French 
crowns and 15^ English money, and writt to Stephen to 
furnish him with cloths to the value of £6., and charg'd 
him to be frugal. 

Nov^ 18. Jn'^ Neponet, alias Nemasit, executed. Mr. 
Eliot hopes well of him. 

This day sent for my Coat home from Capt. Gerrishes, 
where I suppose I left it the 25*:^ May, and now the cold 
wether made me look after it. 

Friday, Nov": 19. Went to Capt. Gerrish and paid him 
ISd., which laid out for crying my Coat, from thence Elia- 
kim calls me to Mr. Moodey, so we together viewed the 
Eclips. As to the time and digits the Cambridge Alma- 
nack rightest ; had he not unhap23ily said 'twould not be 
visible. Clouds hindered between whiles that could not 
so well see how much the Moon eclipsed, but when near 
half darkened, and when emerging, had a good view. 

This night Eliza Damon, servant to Nash the Currier, 
dyes about midnight of the small pocks, to our great start- 



158 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

ling, lest it should spread as in 1678. Had liop'd the 
Town was clear of it. But one that I know of dyed on't 
before, and that a great while since. 

Satterday, Nov' 20. Capt. Davis buries his Serjeant, 
Henry Messenger, in arms. 

Tuesday night, Nov^ 23. Mr. James Whetcomb dyes. 

Wednesday, 24. Robert Combs taken up drown'd. 

Thorsday, 25. Public Thanksgiving. 

Friday, Nov^ 26. Marshal arrives from England. 

Monday, Nov^ 29. Mr. Whetcomb buried. Coffin was 
lin'd with Cloth on the outside, and below the Name and 
year a St. Andrew's Cross made, with what intent I can't 
tell. Bearers, Mr. Wharton, Joyliff, Hutchinson J™^' Paige, 
Sergeant, Nelson. Gave scarvs to the President, Mr. 
Bradstreet and the Ministers, and Mr. Oakes. Should 
have been buried on Friday, but the storm of rain hin- 
dred. 

This day W^ Clendon the Barber and Perriwig-maker 
dies miserably, being almost eat up with Lice and stupi- 
fied with Drink and cold. Sat in the watch-house and 
was there gaz'd on a good part of the day, having been 
taken up the night before. 

Dec"" 8, 1686. Going to Cambridge-Lecture, a little 
beyond Daniel Champney's I saw a Rainbow to the North, 
being just about Noon: only Here. Simons with me just 
then ; but Capt. Eliot and Mr. Tho. Oliver saw it, with 
whom rid over the Causevs. Mr. Oliver said he had not 
before noted a Rainbow in the North. Cloud rose sud- 
denly very black and hail'd afterward. Ministers pray 
together at Boston this day. 

Sabbath, Dec^ 12. Clutterbuck arrives, brings ncAvs of 
Capt. Jeiier's death, Widow Winsley's Son : ^ and that the 

1 Capt. Thomas Jenner, of Chai'lestown, has been traced by Mr. W. S. 
Appleton, in N. E. Ilist. and Gen. Register, XIX. 2-16, but witliout success 
as to explaining the relationship with the Wensleys. Jenner was a noted 
shipmaster, and brought John Dunton to this country. — Eds. 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 159 

Capt. of the Kings-fisher expected to sail in a day or two : 
this was Oct^ 13, and then in the Downs. Mr. Cotton 
Mather preaches with us. 

Dec^ 13. Mr. Mather, Willard, Mr. Cotton Mather, 
Mr. Moodey, Alhn visit me. Very pleasant wether. 

Tuesday, Dec^ 14. Capt. Legg arrives, who brings GO 
Beds for Soldiers, and a considerable quantity of Goods 
for the Governour. 120 Soldiers to come. This day Mrs. 
Crines, Mr. Bering's Daughter, dies of the Small Pocks. 

Sabbath, Dec": 19, 1686. Day of the Fort-fight. As I 
was reading the Exposition of Habakkuk 3'!, which this 
morn sung and read in the family, I heard a great Gun 
or two, as I supposed, which made me think Sir Edmund 
might be come ; but none of the family speaking of it, I 
held my peace. Going to Mr. Bradstreet's, Tho. Baker 
told me Sir Edmund was below, which Winchcomb and 
Brisco confirmed ; said they saw the Frigot with the 
Flagg in the main Top, and sundry gon down. Presi- 
dent and Deput}^ come to Town ; President comes and 
hears Mr. Willard, whoes Text was Heb. 11. 12. There- 
fore sprang there of one &c. 113. Psalm sung. Mr. "Wil- 
lard said he was fully persuaded and confident God would 
not for^^et the Faith of those who came first to New Eno;- 
land, but would remember their Posterity with kindness. 
One Doct. Faith usually reaps the greatest Crops off the 
barrenest Ground. Between Sermons, the President and 
several of the Council goe down. Mr. Lee preaches with us 
in the Afternoon from Zech. 3. 9, 10. 

Mercy Lincorn and [blank] Dinsdale baptized. Jn" 
Eastman taken into Church, Mrs. Harris as to hci' owning 
the Covenant dismissed. A youth, one Bradish, of about 
10. years old, that was drowned, buried. Fine, serene, 
moderate wether. 

Mr. Secretary indispos'd, so I wait on Madam Bradstreet 
morn, and even. Capt. Wing absent. 

Monday, Dec"^ 20. 1686. Governour Andros comes up 



ICO DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

in the Pifiace, touches at the Castle, Lands at Gov'^ Lev- 
eret's wharf about 2 P.M. where the President, &c. meet 
liim and so inarch up through the Guards of the 8 Com- 
panyes to the Town House, ^ where part of the Comission 

^ The Town House of Boston has been the scene of so many stirring events 
as to merit a slight sketch of its history. In 1636, mention is made of the 
market-place; and the " Book of Possessions " shows that this was the space 
at the head of our present State Street. In 1612, as Lechford tells us, " the 
general and great quarter courts were kept in the church meeting-house in 
Boston." Tliis was undoubtedly the first meeting-house which stood on the 
south side of the market-place, where Brazer's block now is. In 1640, this 
house was abandoned for one on a new site, now covered by Joy's building, 
on Washington Street. 

Robert Keayne, by his will, proved May 2, 1656, gave money for building 
a hall over the market-place, "with rooms for the Courts, the Town's men 
and Commissioners and a Library, also an Armory and a place for Mer- 
chants." 

Jan. 9, 1656-7, " Capt Savage, Mr. Howchin and Mr. Ed. Hutchinson, 
sen., are chosen a committee to consider of the modell of the towne house, to 
bee built, as concerning the charge therof, and the most convenient place, as 
also to take the subscription of the inhabitants to propogate such a building, 
and seasonably to make report to a publick townes meeting." Boston llec- 
ords, printed ed., p. \M. 

Jan. 28, 1660-1. " In reference to the accounts of Tho. Joy and partner 
for the building of the towne house, stayre cases and Conduit and the com- 
pleating of the said worke," it is ordered that the Treasurer pay him £680 
in full. Ibid., p. 158. 

May 19, 1658, the General Court passed an order, as follows (Rec, TV. 
part 1, p. 327): — 

" In answer to the request of the Select men of Boston, the court judgeth 
it meet to allow unto Boston, for and towards the charges of their town house. 
Bostons proportion of one single country rate for this year ensuing, provided 
that sufficient rooms in the said house shall be forever free for the keeping 
of all Courts, and also that the place underneath shall be free for all inhabi- 
tants in this jurisdiction to make use of as a market for ever, without payment 
of any toll or tribute whatsoever." 

We may presume tliat the Legislature soon took possession of the room 
provided; certainly Josselyn, in his ■' Two Voyages to Xew England " (Lon- 
don, 1675), writes, that there is a " Town house built upon pillars, where the 
merchants may confer; in the chambers above they keep their monthly 
courts." Dun ton, eleven years later, copies this account. 

Oct. 9, 1667, the Legislature ordered " the necessary full and suitable 
repair of the Town and Court House in Boston, founded by the late Captain 
Robert Keayne," one-half of the expense to be paid by the country, one- 
quarter bj' tlie county of Suffolk, one-quarter by the town of Boston. May 
31, 1671, they ordered, on the same terms, "by a firm, whole wall to the 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 161 

read : He hath power to suspend Councillors and to ap- 
poin-t others if the number be reduced to less than Seven. 

bottom of the braces, with brick or stone, to repair the Court or Town house, 
so that all inconveniences by rotting the timbers &c be prevented." As the 
place of meeting of the Council, as well as the representatives, the old town- 
house was the scene of great events. On Dec. 20, 1686, Governor Andros 
landed, and was escorted to the town -house. Here he a'ld his Council, for 
some twenty-eight months, ruled New England. Here, 'm, on the 18th April, 
1689, began the revolution which overtlirew arbitra'/ government. About 
noon, in the gallery at the Council House, was read the " declaration " de- 
posing Andros, and here he was brought as a captive that day. 

In November, 1693, the Legislature provided for keeping up the building, 
the province paying one-half the expense. The preamble is as follows: — 

" Whereas the town house in Boston, within the county of Suffolk, has 
formerly been, and is still continued to be, made use of for the holdings of 
councils, courts of judicature and other pul)lic assemblies for the whole prov- 
ince, and has been accustomed to be upheld and repaired in part at the charge 
of the late colony, etc." 

This building, of wood, was destroyed by fire in 1711. The next year, a 
brick town-house was built on the same spot and for similar uses. In 1719, 
Xeal described it as " The Town House or Exchange, a fine piece of Build- 
ing, containing, besides the AValk for the Merchants, the Council Chamber, 
the House of Commons and another spacious room for Sessions of tlie Courts 
of Justice. The exchange is surrounded with Booksellers' shops, which have 
a good Trade." 

Tlie booksellers, we may adil, had long been in that locality. Avery, 
Phillips, Wilkins, Browning, Elliot, Perry, and several others, before 1700, 
had shops under or near the town-house. 

On Dec. 9, 1717, a fire took place, which destroyed all of the building 
except the walls. Many of the original records of the Legislature to that 
date were destroyed, and probably some other offices suffered to a certain 
extent. In the " Historical Magazine " for September, 1868, will be found 
a copy of the contemporary statement about the fire. 

In 1742, tlie town of P>oston received the noble gift of Faneuil Hall, in- 
tended for a market and a town-hall ; and the S(>paration of the town and 
province buildings must have been effected at that time. 

Althougli from that date of 1712 the town memories may cling to Faneuil 
Hall, the Old State House was, for fifty years longer, the seat of goverinnent. 
Here the provincial Legislature sat and organized revolution; here, also, the 
first sessions of the State Legislatui'cs were lield. Finally, on the 11th of 
January, 1798, the sevci-al branchi^s of the Oeneral Court marched in jti'oces- 
sion from tlie Old State House to the new State House, and the fame of its 
site was eclipsed. The town continued to use Faneuil Hall, and there the 
first city government was organized. In 1830, the Old State House was con- 
verted into a city hall, and !^o remained until 1810, when the present locality, 
before occupied by a court-house, was taken for a structure for that purpose. 
— Eds. 

11 



162 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1686. 

He and Council to make Laws. Then took the Oath of 
Allegiance and as Governour, then about eight of the 
Council sworn. Court clear'd. Governour stood with 
his Hat on when Oaths given to Councillours. It seems 
speaks to the Ministers in the Library about accommodation 
as to a Meeting-house [for church services], that might so 
contrive the time as one House might serve two Assembhes. 

Last Satterday, Mr. Cook not prosecuting his Appeal, 
Possession was given by Major Bulkly and Marshal Green, 
of the Farm to Capt. Paige and his wife. The Consta- 
bles were ordered this day to come and take new Staves, 
little thinking the Government should have been before 
altered, or at this time. Mr. Nath. Oliver was the person 
first spyed the Frigot under sail about 7 mane Sabbath- 
day, knowing her by the Flagg ; he went to Capt. Davis, 
Capt. Davis to the President. Governour was in a Scarlet 
Coat Laced ; several others were in Scarlet. Mr. Brad- 
street and Mr. Danforth there, to meet the Governour at 
the Wharf. At Dinner Mr. Mather crav'd a Blessino-. 
The day was serene, but somewhat cold. Major Richards 
made the South-Company change their Colours for the 
8*!" Colours. Andrew Gardner led them. 

Tuesday, Dec^ 21. There is a Meeting at Mr. Allen's, 
of the Ministers and four of each Congregation, to con- 
sider what answer to give the Governour; and 'twas 
agreed that could not with a good conscience consent 
that our Meeting-Houses should be made use of for the 
Conmion-Prayer Worship. 

Dec^ 22. Kings-fisher comes up but neither salutes the 
Castle nor the Town. In the evening Mr. Mather and 
Willard thorowly discoursed his Excellency about the 
Meeting-Houses in great plaihess, showing they could 
not consent. This was at his Lodging at Madam Tay- 
lor's.^ He seems to say will not impose. 

^ Madam Taylor was undoubtedly Mrs. Rebecca, widow of that William 
Tailer or Taylor, who was a great Boston merchant, and who committed sui- 



1686.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 163 

Friday, Dec^ 24. About 60 Red-Coats are brought to 
Town, landed at Mr. Pool's Wharf, where drew up and 
so marched to Mr. Gibbs's house at Fort-hill. 

Satterday, Dec^ 25. Governour goes to the Town-House 
to Service Forenoon and Afternoon, a Red-Coat going on 
his right hand and Capt. George on the left. Was not at 
Lecture on Thorsday. Shops open today generally and 
persons about their occasions. Some, but few. Carts at 
Town with wood, though the day exceeding fair and 
pleasant. Read in the morn the 46. and 47. of Isa., and 
at night Mr. Norton from Jn° 9. 3. Neither this Man nor 
his Parents. 

Thorsday, Dec^ 30. The Council meets. Gentlemen 
from Plimouth and Rhode-Hand here and take their Oaths 
without any Ceremony, perhaps for sake of the Quakers, 
w^ho have promised to deliver up their Charter. Mr. 
Lee preaches the Lecture from Isa. 4. 5, 6. But the 

cide July 12, 1082, as is fully stated in Noadiah Russell's diary, printed in 
N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, VII. 56. She was daughter of Israel Stough- 
ton, of Dorchester (see Register, Vol. XVII. p. 289), and sister and co-heiress 
of ^Mlliani Stougliton, the lieutenant-governor. 

By Suffolk Deeds, Lib. 21, f. G22, it seems that Stoughton's heirs divided 
his estate July 17, 1701, and they were William Tailer, of Dorchester; John 
Xelson and wife Elizabeth, of Boston; Rev. John Danforth and wife Eliza- 
beth, of Dorchester; Thomas Cooper and wife Mehitable, of Boston. 

These four represent the two sisters of Stoughton, William Tailer and 
Elizabeth Nelson being the children of Rebecca Tailer, and Elizabeth Dan- 
forth and ]\Iehitable Cooper being the children of Hannah Stoughton and 
James ISIinot. 

William Tailer, the son, was lieutenant-governor, and died March 1, 
17;51-2, aged fifty-five. He married first a daughter of Xathaniel Byfield, 
and secondly. Abigail, widow of Thomas Dudley and daughter of Benjamin 
Gillam (Register, XIX. 25J), by whom he left issue. 

The Stoughton property was mostly in I)orchestt»r; but Cooper received a 
brick house, called the Green Dragon, occupied by Samuel Tyley; a brick 

house next it, occupied by Duncan; a wooden house below it, next to 

the Mill Pond, occupied by John Draper and John Garrett; and a house 
on Mill-Bridge Street, over against the Star Tavern, occupied by Jamea 
Fowler. 

The question of the location of ^Mrs. Tailer's house, occupied for a time 
by Andros, will be considered later. — Eds. 



164 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168f 

Governour and most of the Coimcillours absent. Mr. 
Stoughton, Gov^ Hinkley, Mr. Usher and some other at 
Lecture. 

Satterday, January 1, [1687]. Took Capt. Elisha 
Hutchinson with me and went to Jn" Alcocke, talked 
througly with him about his ill courses. Told him by 
reason of our fear of the Small Pocks must fetch his chest 
away ; would have had him done it then, but he would 
not, yet promis'd to do it Monday next. 

Monda}^, Jan. 3, 168f . Jn° Alcocke not coming, Robert 
Saunderson carries home his Trunk and Chest with Cloaths, 
Books, Papers. 

Wednesday, Jan. 5. Sam. is taken ill of a Fever and 
we fear the Small Pocks. 

Jan. 6. I sup at Capt. Wing's with Capt. Hutchinson, 
Phillips, Townsend, Turell, Prout, Sugars, Hill. Major 
Wally came in afterward. 

Friday, Jan. 7"'. I went to Capt. "Winthrop's upon 
business, and the Governour happen'd to be there, Capt. 
Winthrop had me up to him, so I thankfully acknowledged 
the protection and peace we enjoyed under his Excellen- 
cie's Government. Capt. Wing waited on him at the same 
time about a Man slain at Worster yesterday by a Logs 
rolling upon and over him which he just before had cut 
off. Capt. Davis carries his wife out of Town for fear of 
the Small Pocks, she being with Child. This day Dame 
Walker is taken so ill that she sends home my Daughters, 
not beino; able to teach them. 

Sabbath, Jan. 9. Goe to Mr. Mather's Church and 
there sit down with them at the Lord's Super. Mr. Cot- 
ton Mather preach'd and administred. Text was the 
Words of Thomas, My Lord and my God. 'Twas a com- 
fortable day. Mr. Brown, the Scot, preached in the after- 
noon. Micah 4. 5. Scope was to shew that the Errors 
of the Times should incite them to more strict Godliness 
in their whole conversation. 



lG8f.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 165 

Thorsday, January 13, 168 f. Cous. Savage's wife buried 
in Major Savage's Tomb. Capt. Hutchinson, Self, Town- 
send, Turell, Davis, James Hill, Bearers. Died yesterday 
morn about 4. aclock of the Small Pocks ; came out upon 
her about a week ago, two or three dayes after her Travail. 
Suppose this to be the first Funeral Govf Andros has been 
at, Blew-Coats going before him. The Charter is demanded 
and the Duplicate, last Monday or Tuesday. Though some 
say 'tis not so. 

Tuesday, January 18, 168 f-. Between two and three 
in the Afternoon, for near an hour together, was seen in a 
clear Skie such a Rainbow, Parelions and Circles as ware 
on January 2. 168|. In the night following falls a snow, 
not much. I was at the North-end when I first saw it. 
People were gazing at it from one end of the Town to 
tother. 

Wednesday is snowy storm, but not much falls. Mr. 
Stoughton and Dudley and Capt. Eliot and Self, go to 
Muddy-River to Andrew Gardener's, where 'tis agreed 
that 12£ only, in or as Money, be levyed on the people 
by a Rate towards maintaining a School to teach to write 
and read English. Andrew Gardener, Jn*? White, Tho. 
Stedmand are chosen to manage their affairs. Boilston 
Clark, Capt. Eliot and I, formerly chosen with Stedmand, 
refuse. 

Thorsday, January 20. Mr. Lee preaches the Lecture. 
Eccles 7. 13. From whence exhorted to quietness under 
God's hand : about middle of Sermon fire was cry'd, which 
made a great disturbance, by many rushing out. 'Twas 
only a chimney I think. Spake of the inverted Rainbow, 
God shootimi: at sombodv. And that our Times better 
than the former, and expected better still, Turks going 
down, a sign on't : Jews call'd, and to inhabit Judea and 
old Jerusalem. 

Satterday, 22. Governour and Mr. Dudley ride in a 
Sled. Zebit's Letters came to hand last Thorsdav, Janu- 



166 DIARY OF SA^IUEL SEWALL. [168f. 

ary 20. brings Gazetts to the 4*^ Nov^ came out of the 
Downs 16*.!'. In them is the Parhaments Prorogue to 15^.? 
February, and Taking of Napoh di Romania [by the Vene- 
tians from the Turks]. 

Sabbath, Jan. 23. Sun rises extreamly red so as I 
think I have not seen it before. 

Tuesday, January 25. This day is kept for St. Paul, 
and the Bell was rung in the Morning to call persons to 
Service. The Governour (I am told) was there. Court 
sits in the Afternoon ; suppose through the extraordinary 
cold, snowy, blustering wether yesterday. Persons con- 
cern'd were not got together. 

Thorsday, Jan. 27. At night between 10. and 11. was 
a grievous Alarm of Fire, by reason of Mistress Thacher's 
chimney greatly blazing out. 

Friday, Jan. 28. Mr. Moodey and I goe to visit Mr. 
Morton at Charlestown, went on the Ice from Broughlon's 
Warehouse. I came home upon a Streight Line from his 
House to Boston. 

Satterday, Jan. 29. Haiiah not well, vomits and hath 
Qualms. 

Sabbath, January 30".' 168|. About | past eight at 
night my wife is delivered of a Son, Eliza. Weeden, Mid- 
wife. Was fine moderate wether though had been very 
severe for near a week together before. My wife sent 
not for the Midwife till near 7. at night. But one staid 
at home with her, though was not well most part of the 
day. The child large, so my wive's safe delivery is much 
to be heeded, considering our former fears. 'Twas much 
another had not intercepted the Midwife, to whom went 
from us. 

Monday, January 31. There is a Meeting at the Town- 
house forenoon and afternoon. Bell rung for it, respecting 
the beheading Charles the First. Governour there, very 
bad going by reason of the watery snow. Joseph Brisco's 
wife gives my son suck. 



ICSf ] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 167 

Feb. 1. Last night, or very early this morning, Mistress 
Luscomb dyes, so that now Mr. Kellond hath neither Child 
nor Grandchild left. 

Thorsday, Feb. 3. Spring Tides shake the Ice and car- 
ries away part ; near night it suddainly breaks away to 
the outward Wharfs more suddenly than hath usually 
been known. 

Friday, Feb. 4. A woman found dead under the Ice 
within the Wharfs. A Souldier falls into the Ice and is 
drowned. Mrs. Luscomb buried. 

Satterday, Feb. 5. I visit Mr. Stoughton. 

Thorsday, Feb. 3. Mr. West comes to Town from New 
York. 

Sabbath, Feb. 6. Between -^ hour after 11. and ^ hour 
after 12. at Noon, many Scores of great Guns fired at the 
Castle and Town, suppose upon account of the King's 
entring on the third year of his Reign. 

Feb. 6, 168f . Between 3. and 4. P.M. Mr. Willard bap- 
tiseth my Son, whom I named Stephen. Day was Louring 
after the storm, but not freezing. Child shrunk at the 
water but cryed not. His Brother Sam. shew'd the Mid- 
W'ife who carried him, the way to the Pew, I held him up. 
Thomas Bumsted was baptiz'd at the same time. This 
day the Lord's Super was administered at the middle and 
North MeetinQ:-IIouses ; the ratlimj: of the Guns durino; 
almost all the time, gave them great disturbance. 'Twas 
never so in Boston before. 

Feb. 15, 168^. Jos. Maylem carries a Cock at his back, 
with a Bell in 's hand, in the Main Street ; several follow 
him blindfold, and under pretence of striking him or 's 
cock, with great cart-whips strike passengers, and make 
great disturbance.^ 



^ As this was on Tuesday, we presume that tlie olijectionable sport was iu 
honor of Shrove Tuesday- This is the day prior to the beginning of Lent, 
and may occur on any day between February 2 and March 8. The name ia 



168 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168f. 

Friday, Feb. 25. Last night Mr. Elijah Corlett/ School- 
master of Cambridge, died. 

Satterday, Feb. 26. There begins to be a talk of the 
new Captains. 

March 3. Mrs. Abigail Moodey buried in the old place 
near Messenger's house. This week the new Officers of 
the Militia receive their Commissions ; viz : Lieut. Col. 
Shrimpton, Major Charles Lidget, Capt. Humph. Luscomb, 
Capt. Antho. Haywood, Capt. Benj. Davis, Capt. Tho. 
Savage, Capt. W™ White, Capt. Sam! Ravenscroft. 'Tis 
said Mr. Nelson and Foxcroft ref us'd ; else I supose Sav- 
age and Davis had dropt. Left out Richards, Checkly, 
Dummer. Sewall had returned his Cornission before the 
change of Government, as see in August. This week also, 
the Law for annual publick Charges is anew engross'd. 
Written Satterday, March 5, 1681. 

Satterday, March 5, 168 1. The Massachusetts Books 
and Papers are fetclit away from Mr. Rawson's to the 
Town-House by Mr. Lynde and Bullivant.^ 

derived from the Catholic custom of being shrived or shrove (i.e., obtaining 
absokition), and the day is observed as a holiday. 

The custom described in the text was in vogue in England, and was a 
variation of the widely spread sport of throwing at cocks on that day. Ref- 
erence to this particular game will be found in English books, as Chambers's 
" Book of Days " and others. 

Sewall's keenness in noting, and his sensitiveness in observing, any token, 
however trivial, of the presence and manifestation for the first time in the 
old Puritan town of observances associated with the English Church, are 
equally significant with his despondent view of the changes in civil affairs. 
■ — Eds. 

^ Master Elijah Corlet. This eminently serviceable and faithful man, 
through whose patient training in the Cambridge Grammar School so many 
youths, Indian and English, passed into the college, deserves that his name 
should always be mentioned with gratitude and reverence. Born in London, 
in 1611, and graduating at Oxford in 1627, he presided over the Wilderness 
Academy in Cambridge forty-six years. The English Society for the rrop;v 
gation of the Gospel among tlie Indians paid a portion of his slender compen- 
sation for work done in love and piety. — Eos. 

^ Doubtless we owe to this jealous care of the magistrates, in the anxieties 
and upturnings of their revolutionary epoch, to do what in homely phrase ia 



I68f ] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 169 

Thorsday, March 10, 168f. Mrs. Margery Flint dyes 
at Braintrey, this morn. Mr. Mather preaches the Lect- 
ure. Speaks sharply against Health-drinking, Card-play- 
ing, Drunkenness, profane Swearing, Sabbath-breaking, 
&c. Text [Jere. 2. 21], Degenerat Plant. Mr. Stoughton 
treated the Governour and Council March 9*^^^. 

Satterday, March 12. Went to the burying of Mistress 
Flint, in Company Mr. Hez. Usher and Lady, Capt. Eliot, 
Cous. Quinsey carried Mrs. Bridget. Mr. Torrey and 
Thacher there, Mr. Torrey prayed. Was buried about 
Noon. This day several Orders published at Boston, 
Governour and Council standing in Mr. Usher's Balcony.^ 
Refer to Ministers, Moneys, Pirats, &c. as Eliakim tells me. 

March 14, 168 f. Aniversary Town-Meeting. Select- 
Men chosen — Mr. Elisha Cook, Mr. Elisha Hutchinson, 
Mr. Jn" Joyliff, Mr. Tim° Prout, Mr. Theoph. Frary, Mr. 
Jn'' Fayrewether, Mr. Henry AUin, Mr. Edw. Wyllys, Mr. 
Daniel Turell. Constables — Arthur Smith, Robert Cumby, 
Richard Kates, James Hawkins, Tho. Hunt Turner, Jn° 
Nicholls, Benj- Walker, Edmund Brown. Select-Men had, 
most of them, I think all, save Deacon Allen, above a 

called " saving- the pieces," the preservation of many of our colonial records 
which have come down to us. 

Almost the closing entry on the Records of the General Court of the Colony, 
as published by the State in 1854, is the following (Vol. V. p. 510): — 

May 20, 1G8G. " Ordered by this Court, that Samuel Xowell, Esq. Mr. 
John Saffin, and Capt. Timothy Prout be a Comitte for a repository of such 
papers on file with the Secretary [Edward Rawson], as referr to our Charter 
and negotiations from time to time, for the security thereof, with such as 
referr to our title of our land, by purchase of Indians or otherwise: and the 
Secretary is ordered accordingly to deliver the same unto them." 

There was slirewdness in thus falling back on the Indian release of land, 
under the apprehension of that arbitrary construction which, in vacating the 
charter of the colony, invalidated every act and grant made under it. The 
plain-spoken Andros said that a title from the Indians was worth no more 
than the scratch of a bear's claw. But it seems that even that was thought 
better than nothing. — Eds. 

1 It would seem that this was the same house in wliicli. two years later, 
Andros was confined over night as a prisoner, upon the success of llie .'•ising 
against his government. — Eds. 



170 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168^ 

hundred Votes apiece. Capt. Gerrish begun and ended 
with Prayer. Capt. Winthrop and Mr. Wharton of the 
Council present. Governour was busy. 

This day Mrs. Willard removes to Roxbury with a great 
part of the family and Goods for fear of the Small Pocks, 
little Betty Willard lying sick of it. 

Monday, March 14. Capt. Thaxter of Hinghara sinks 
down and dyes as went to fodder his Cattel. 

Tuesday, March 15. Mrs. Ballard, Mr. Lee's Sister, dyes 
suddenly. 

March 16. About 1. aclock Mr. Anthony Stoddard dyes, 
was the ancientest shop-keeper in Town.^ 

March 17. Father East dyes. Both good men. 

March 18. Dr. W™ Avery dyes. I go to Charlestown- 
Lecture, and then with Capt. Hutchinson to see dying 
Major Gookin. He speaks to us. 

March 19. Satterday, about 5. or 6. in the morn. Major 
Daniel Gookin dies, a right good Man.^ 

Sabbath, March 20. Dr. Stone and Abraham Busby 
dye. 

1 ^Ir. Stoddard was one of the substantial men of the town. He and John 
Coggan, as traders, were the earliest in the line of those afterwards known 
as the " merchants " of Boston. Stoddard was a " linen-draper," was " al- 
lowed as an inhabitant " in 1639, and licensed to trade with the Indians. 
He was a Selectman of Boston, and one of its deputies in the General Court. 
He was one of a committee to provide a town-house and to procure subscrip- 
tions " to propogate such a building." He was also a foremost opponent of 
the intermeddling Randolph. — Eds. 

2 These epithets applied to Daniel Gookin deserve an em2:)hasis, for he 
was a man of noble soul, of many virtues, especially those which are tlie 
hardest to acquire and to practise, and his life was devoted to ends of public 
service. Having as a child emigrated with his father fron England to Vir- 
ginia, he there defended his plantation at Newport News in the Indian mas- 
sacre. Drawn hither, in 1641, by his Puritan sympathies, he was called to 
military otTice, and made successively deputy, speaker, and assistant. As 
the Indian magistrate he was Eliot's most trusted friend and helper. On a 
visit to England he had the confidence of Cromwell ; and on his return here 
the regicides "Whalley and Golfe, who were his fellow-passengers, received his 
strong protection. What he wrote about the efforts in behaK of the Indiana 
and of their sad fate is of the highest value. — Eds. 



1687.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWAl.... 171 

Monday, March 21. Mr. Stoddard and Dr. Avery buried. 
Mr. Avery about 3, Stoddard between 5. and 6. aclock. 
Father East was buried on Satterday, On 's Rail 'twas 
said was 94 years old. 

Tuesday, March 22, 168 f. Major Gookin and Abraham 
Busby buried. This day his Excellency views the three 
Meetincrhouses. 

o 

Wednesday, March 23. The Governour sends Mr. Ran- 
dolph for the Keys of our Meetinghouse, that may say 
Prayers there. Mr. Eliot, Frary, Oliver, Savage, Davis 
and my Self w^ait on his Excellency, shew that the Land 
and House is ours, and that we can't consent to part with 
it to such use ; exhibit an Extract of Mrs. Norton's Deed, 
and how 'twas built by particular persons, as Hull, Oliver, 
100. <£ apiece, &c. 

March 22. a considerable Snow on the ground, that 
fell last night. Mrs. Eliot of Roxbury dyes. Now about 
Goodm. Francis an ancient and good Man indeed, of Cam- 
bridge, dies. 

Friday, March 25, 1687. Mrs. Nowel, Samuel Nowell 
Esqr's, Mother, dies. 

Satterday, 26. Eliza. Scot, a good ancient Virgin, is 
buried at Boston. 

Friday, March 25, 1687. The Governour has service in 
the South Meetinghouse. Goodm. Needham [the Sexton], 
though had resolved to the contrary, was prevailed upon 
to Ring the Bell and open the door at the Governour's 
Comand, one Smith and Hill, Joiner and Shoemaker, being 
very busy about it. Mr. Jn" Usher was there, whether at 
the very beginning or no, I can't tell. 

March 28. Went to Mrs. Eliot's Funeral, which was a 
very great one ; no Scarfs. 

March 29. To Mrs. Nowell's [Funeral], the widow of Mr. 
Increase Nowell a Patentee. Mr. Danforth, Davie, Richards, 
Russell, Cook, Sewall, Bearers. None else of the old Gov- 
ernment were there but Mr. Secretary Rawson. I help'd 



172 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1687. 

to lift the Corps into Mr. Shepard's Tomb, and to place it 
there, carrying the head. Mr. Nowell went not in : 84 
years old. Note. Last Sabbath-day, March 27, Governour 
and his retinue met in our Meetinghouse at Eleven : broke 
off past two because of the Sacrament and Mr. Clark's 
long Sermon ; now we were apointed to come ^ hour past 
one, so 'twas a sad Sight to see how full the Street was 
with people gazing and moving to and fro because had not 
entrance into the House.^ 

Satterday, April 2. Mr. Lee goes to Dedham in order 
to his going to Bristoll next week, to settle there if can 
compose their differences respecting Mr. Woodbridge. 

Monday, Ap. 4. Great Storm of Kain, Thunders seve- 
ral times. No Artillery Training ; and I think would have 
been none if it had not rain'd. Capt. W^ White apoints the 
Serjeants and Corporalls to meet him at Serjeant Bulls at 
3. aclock Ap. 4. In the Even Mr. Willard, Eliot, Frary and 
Self have great debate about our meeting for the Lord's 
Supper [on account of the seizure of their place of wor- 
ship] . 

April 7. 1687. Weare sails, in whom Mr. Clark, the 
Church of England Minister, goes, Mr. Sheaf, &c. 

April 8. I goe to Hog-lland with Cous. Savage, to view 
the place. 

April 10. Mr. Moodey helps Mr. Willard in the Fore- 
noon. Text Job 23. 10. Shewed that Afflictions were 
for Tryal, and where the Tryal met with sincerity, the issue 
would be glorious. Mr. Solomon Stoddard here. 

April 9. One W™ Sargent of Almsbury is trapand into 
a Tipling house about 9 at night and robbed of Money, a 
Gold Ring and several papers. Affidavit taken before Mr. 
Bullivant. 



1 Though it would have been a graceful courtesy on the part of the pro- 
prietors of the South Meeting-house to have accommodated those who wished 
to use it for the Episcopal service, it was none the less an arbitrary act to 
assume it when denied. — Eds, 



1687.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 173 

April 12. Goe to Weymouth-Lecture accompanied 
by Capt. Eliot. Mistress Torrey very ill, Mr. Eawson 
there. 

April 15. Grafted the Button-pear tree stock, which 
dies at the lower end of the Garden, and several Apple 
Trees. 

Tuesday, Apr. 19. 1687. The Eight Companyes are 
warn'd to Train next Satterday, being the 23. Instant. 
Serjeant Bull warns the South-Company now under the 
Comand of Capt. Wiir!' White : those the words ; and so, 
Satterday next being the 23^^ of April, at the 2'1 Beat of 
Drumm. 

Thorsday, Apr. 21. Mr. Winchcomb is sworn Deputy 
to Mr. Sherlock, who is this week made high Sheriff of 
the Dominion. 

Mr. Shove died on Thorsday about 9. mane ; was buried 
the Friday following. Mr. Fisk, Keith, Anger, Wood- 
bridge there and Major Walley. 

Friday, 22. Seth Shove comes to Town in the morn, 
and brings news of 's father's death yesterday, I let him 
have my Horse to ride to Taunton. Mr. George Shove 
was a principal Light in those parts, and the death 
of their Saint George at this time calls for special mourn- 
ing. 

Thorsday, Apr. 21. Mr. West of New York, and his 
wife and family come to Town in the even. Mr. Cotton 
Mather preacli'd the Lecture from Heb. 6. 20. Jesus 
being our Fore-runer. 

Friday, 22. Two persons, one array'd in white, the 
other in red, goe through the Town with naked Swords 
advanced, with a Drum attending each of them and a 
Quarter Staff, and a great rout following as is usual. It 
seems 'tis a chaleng to be fought at Capt. Wing's next 
Thorsday. 

Satterday, Ap. 23. Eight Companies Train : Many per- 
sons : some officers have red paper Crosses fastened to 



174 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1687 

their Hats. The Governour' rode by and among the Soul- 
diers, accompanied by the President, Mr. Davie and others. 
Major Lidget the Chief Commander, Col. Shrimpton, he, 

1 Although the general history of the administration of Andros has been 
admirably given by Palfrey, it may be of some assistance to our readers to 
have a brief summary of the matter. 

The old charter of Massachusetts was undoubtedly construed by the colo- 
nists to give them a degree of political independence without a parallel in 
English history. During the reign of Charles II., repeated attempts were 
made to procure the repeal of this charter, which was, indeed, of no greater 
sanctity in the eye of the law than any other royal grant. The colonists 
strove to maintain their privileges, and were aided by their obscurity and 
remoteness. But at last, owing largely to the exertions of Randolph, the 
charter was vacated by a decree of the Court of Chancery, June 21, 1684, 
confirmed and made final Oct. 23, 1684. 

Charles II. died on Feb. 6, 1684-5, and no change in the Massachusetts 
government had been arranged up to that time. James II. at first simply 
confirmed all existing arrangements, and Bradstreet was chosen Governor in 
May, 1685, as usual. Again, in May, 1686, Bradstreet was elected; but two 
days later Randolph arrived, with commissions for a new government. This 
was to consist of a President (Dudley), Deputy-President (Stoughton), and 
sixteen Counsellors. 

On Maj^ 25, 1GS6, this new government, which extended over ISIassa- 
chusetts, Xew Hampshire, ]\Iaine, and the King's Province, was pro- 
claimed. 

On the 20th December, 1686, Andros arrived, with a commission super- 
seding Dudley's, and placing the government on a new basis. 

Sir Edmund Andros was the representative of a family which had been 
for some generations settled in Guernsey, and he was at this time about fifty 
years old. In 1666, he was major of a regiment employed in America, and 
in 1672 was commander of the forces in Barbadoes. In 1674, he was appointed 
governor of the colony of Xew York, then the property of the Duke of York, 
and held that position through the year 1680. Returning to England, he 
was in favor at court during the remainder of the reign of Charles II. He 
was a favorite with the new king, and was commissioned, June 3, 1686, as 
governor-in-chief in and over the dominion of New England. As we have 
seen, he arrived here at the close of that year, and took possession of a juris- 
diction comprising all New England. 

In 1687, and till August, 1688, his duties were mainly to consolidate the 
provincial aifairs; but in the autumn of 1688 he was called to the eastward, to 
defend the settlers from the Indians. 

On the 4th of April, 1GS9, the news was received in Boston of the landing 
of the Prince of Orange in England. On this encouragement, aided also by 
a party which had already resolved on revolt, the inhabitants of Boston and 
its vicinity determined to rebel. On the 18th of April, 1680, the people 
seized Andros at the fort on Fort Hill, and on the following day they pro- 



1687.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 175 

and Lnscomb on Horse-back. Gave a Volley or two on 
the Comon, march'd out about one aclock to the Market 
place. The Rose fired and others. Companies gave three 
Volljes, broke off about 3. in the afternoon. In the night 
a Bonfire or two were made on Fort-hill. After followed 
fire-works with Huzzas, ended about 11. or 12. 

His Excellency on Mr. Shrimpton's House to behold the 
works. 

Monday, Apr. 25. Another Challenge goes with his 
naked Sword through the Street with Hitchborn Drum- 
mer, and a person carrying a Quarter-Staff. 

On Sabbath-day Old Meethig and ours much disturbed in 
Sermon-Time the afternoon by a distracted Fr. [French ?] 
Man. Mr. Willard fain to leave off for some time. The 
same afternoon the Governour's Meeting was broken up by 
the Fire of Capt. Paige's chimney : and rallyed not again. 

Tuesday, 26. Court sits, President in the Governour's 
seat, Mr. Stoughton at his right hand, Col. Shrimpton next 
him; Mr. Lynde at his left hand, Major Lidget next him. 
One Haman, Clerk, Massy Crj-er : Sheriff, Justices, Con- 
stables, waited on the Judges to Town with other Gen- 
tlemen. 

Ap. 28. After the Stage-fight, in the even, the Souldier 
who wounded his Antagonist, Avent accompanyed with a 

cured the surrender of the castle and the dismantling of the royal frigate in 
the harbor, 

A temporary government was formed, and was continued until a new 
charter was received from AVilJiam and -Mary, bearing date of 7th October, 
1G91. 

Andros was kept prisoner until lie was sent to England in February, 1G90, 
by order of the English government. There an attempt was made to try 
him; but nothing came of it, and he was favorably received by the now king. 
In 1692, he was made governor of Virginia and Maryland, and held that post 
acceptably for six years. In 17U4, he was made governor of Guernsey; and 
died, in February, 1713-14, at London, aged seventy-five years. 

A careful examination of the life of Andros will probably convince the 
student that he was a brave and loyal servant of the crown, a devout but not 
bigoted churchman, and very far from being the tyrant tiiat Xfw England 
traditions have portrayed. — Eds. 



176 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1687. 

Drum and about 7. drawn Swords, Shouting through the 
streets in a kind of Tryumph. 

Monday, May 2. I go to Hog-Iland. Mr. Moodey, Oakes, 
Capt. Townsend and Seth Perry in one Cokimn ; Capt. 
Hill, Mr. Parson and Mr. Addington in the other, witness 
my taking Livery and seised of the Hand by Turf and 
Twigg and the House. 

As we went met with Mr. Barns just come in. Hail'd 
the Brigenteen as sail'd along, and after spoke with them 
and drank with them, lashing to their side. Came from 
Antego ; they told us the Parliament was not to sit till the 
latter end of April, having had February Newes. Went 
first to Capt. Townsend' s who hath a goodly situation ; 
then to Hog-Iland. After Diiier take possession, and then 
I planted some Chesnuts for a Nursery. Mr. Moodey 
dropt several of them. Gave every of the witnesses one 
of Mr. Lee's Books apiece. It was past 9. before we got 
home. 

May 3. Sign'd the Leases, Mr. Addington, Eobert 
Saunderson and Elisa. Lane, Witnesses. 

May 4. I spend a pretty deal of time in the burying 
place to see to the Graver of the Tombstone : Push Cat- 
terpillars off the Apletrees ; goe to the Meeting at Mistress 
Averyes ; read out of Dr. Sibs about submitting to God's 
Providence, Sing the 110. Psalm. 

May 5. Mr. Mather preaches against Covetousness. 
Text, Thou Fool, &c. Speaks against neglecting Prayer, 
pressing the Instance of Daniel. It seems was no Praj'er 
last County-Court. A paper is found by Ilaman, the Clerk, 
which, pasted up at the Townhouse, giving an account of 
an Election yesterday. 

May 6. Brother Stephen visits us. 

May 9. Hamilton, Capt. of the Kingsfisher dies. 'Tis 
said the North Bell was toll'd as he was dying. 

Tuesday, May 10. Mr. Bullivant having been acquainted 
that May 15^.1' was our Sacrament-day, he writt to Mr. Wil- 



1687.] DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 177 

lard, that he had acquainted those principally concern'd, 
and 'twas judg'd very improper and inconvenient for the 
Governour and his to be at any other House, it being 
Whit-Sunday and they must have the Coraunion, and that 
'twas expected should leave off by 12. and not return again 
till they rung the Bell, that might have time to dispose of 
the Elements. So remembring how long they were at 
Easter, we were afraid 'twould breed much confusion in 
the Afternoon, and so, on Wednesday, concluded not to 
have our Sacrament for saw 'twas in vain to urge their 
promise. And on the 8*.^ of May were bid past One a 
pretty deal. 

May 15. Goes out just ^ hour after one ; so have our 
Afternoon Exercise in due season. But see they have the 
advantage to lengthen or shorten their Exercises so as may 
make for their purpose. 

Monday, May 16. 1687. I go to Reading and visit Mr. 
Brock, and so to Salem ; this day Capt. Walker, a very 
aged Planter, buried at Lin.^ Visit my Sister and little 
Cousin Margaret. 

Tuesday, May 17. Brother and I ride to Newbury in 
the rainy Dusk ; this day Capt. Hamilton buried with Capt. 
Nicholson's Redcoats and the 8 Companies : Was a funeral- 
Sermon preach'd by the Fisher's Chaplain : Pulpit cover'd 
with black cloath upon which Scutcheons: Mr. Dudley, 
Stoughton and many others at the Coiiion Prayer and 
Sermon. House very full, and yet the Souldiers went 
not ill. 

Wednesday, May 18. Mr. Cotton Mather preaches New- 
bury-Lecture, Ps. 39. I am a Stranger with Thee. This 
day Mr. Foye comes in and brings the Kings Declaration 
for Liberty of Conscience. 

1 This was Capt. Piiehard Walker, said hy Lewis, in liis " History of 
Lynn," to he aged ninety-five years at his death. No relationship is 
known to exist between him and the next named "as Fatlier WalktT." 
— Eds. 

12 



178 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1687. 

Thorsday, May 19. Goe to Salem in company with Capt. 
Phillips and Mr. Cotton Mather. 

May 20. Went home and found all well, as found them 
at Newbury to our great comfort. 

Monday, May 23. Am invited to the Funeral of Mrs. 
Bowls. 

May 24. Mr. Fisk, Thacher, Denison, Self and two 
others bore Mrs. Bowls to her Grandmother's Tomb. 

May 25. A Fast is kept at Cambridge. This day Mr. 
Bayly marries Mary Kay. 

May 26. Marshal Green visits me, and tells that he is 
wholly left out of all publick employment. Sam! Gookin 
Sheriff for Middlesex. Said Green told me he knew not 
of it till today, and that he was undone for this world. It 
seems the May-pole at Charlestown was cut down last week, 
and now a bigger is set up, and a Garland upon it. A Soul- 
dier was buried last Wednesday and disturbance grew by 
reason of Joseph Phips standing with 's hat on as the Par- 
son was reading Service. 'Tis said Mr. Sam! Phips bid or 
encouraged the Watch to cut down the May-pole, being a 
Select-Man. And what about his Brother and that, the 
Captain of the Fisher and he came to blows, and Phips is 
bound to answer next December, the Governour having 
sent for him before Him yesterday. May 26. 1687. 

May 27. Went to Charles town-Lecture and heard Mr. 
Morton from those words — Love is a fruit of the Spirit. 
[Gal. 5, 22.] Mr. Danforth sat in the Deacon's Seat. 

Friday, May 27, between 5. and 6. Father Walker is 
taken with a Lethargy as was shutting up his shop to goe 
to their privat Meeting : His left side was chiefly struck 
with a kind of Palsy : His speech came to him something 
between 6. and 7. He told me there was plenty of Lav- 
ander in the Town where he was Prentice. He overheard 
some discourse about the May-Pole, and told what the 
maner was in England to dance about it with Musick, and 
that 'twas to be feared such practices would be here. Told 



1087.] DIAKr OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 179 

me he had been liable to be overtaken with Sleep for three- 
score years, and that 'twas his Burden which he something 
insisted on. Had a blistering plaister to his neck, Drops 
of Lavander in 's mouth and his neck chaf'd with Oyl of 
Amber. 

May 28. Mr. Cook scrapes white Hellebore which he 
snuffs up, and sneizes 30. times and yet wakes not, nor 
opens his eyes. Hot wether. 

May 29. Sabbath. Dame AYalker desires me to pray 
with her Husband, which I do and write two notes, one 
for our House and one for the Old. Sam. carries the first. 
Between 12. and one Robert Walker ' dies, about a quarter 
after Twelve. He was a very good Man, and conversant 
among God's New-England People from the begifiing. 
About one, several great Guns were fired. 

Tuesday, Maij idt. Goodm. Walker is buried, Capt. 
Eliot, Frary, Hill, Deacon Allen, Mr. Blake, Pain, Bearers ; 
Mr. Saunderson and Goodm. Serch lead the Widow, Govf 
Bradstreet, Mr. Cook, Mr. Addington, with the chief 
Guests, were at our House. Burial over about four 
aclock. Mr. Torrey came to Town yesterday, and supp'd 
^N\i\\ us this night. Mrs. Long of Charlestown buried 
to-day. 

June 3. The widow of Gemaliel Wait buried. Thunder 
Shower took us at the Grave, the mourners went into the 
Schoolhouse ; I to Mr. Chiever's. When broke up a Rain- 
bow appeared : was great Thunder in the night. All my 
married Cousins were in Town yesterday. 

Wednesday, June 1. A privat Fast of the South-Church 

^ Robert Walker has already been mentioned (p. 47, noto) as an old 
acquaintance of the Sewalls in England. Besides his fame in connection 
with the de^wsition cited, Walker will be noted as the person mentioned on 
the T5o.ston town records, under date of March 1, lGo9— 10. It was then voted 
that no more land should be granted out of the common field whicli is left 
between the Gentry Ilill and Mr. Colbron's end, except three or four lots to 
make up the street from Ilobert Walker's to the Hound Marsh. This was 
the foundation of Boston Common. — Eds. 



180 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1687. 

was kept at our house, Mr. Willard pray'd and preach'd in 
the morn. Mr. Cotton Mather pray'd first in the after- 
noon, Mr. Moodey preach'd and pray'd. Mr. Willard dis- 
miss'd with a Blessing. Mr. Willard's Text, Deut. 32. 36. 
For the Lord shall judge his People, &c. Mr. Moodey's 
Text, Ps. 46. 10. Be still &c. Occasion of the Fast was 
the putting by the Sacrament the last Turn, and the diffi- 
cult circumstances our Church in above others, reo-ardino; 
the Church of Eno-land's meetino- in it. 

o o 

Note. Monday, June 6. Ebenezer Holloway, a youth 
of about 11 or 12 years old, going to help Jn'' Hounsel, 
another Boston boy, out of the water at Roxbury, was 
drown'd tos-ether with him. I follow'd them to the Grave ; 
for were brought to Town in the night, and both carried to 
the burying place together, and laid near one another. 
Eben, as I take it, was the only Son of Mr. Holloway by 
his deceased wife, and was boarded at Roxbury with his 
Aunt Swan to goe to School, and be the better looked 
after. 

June 8. Went to Dorchester-Lecture. Din'd at Mrs. 
Flint's, who tells me that her Son Henry is in a Consump- 
tion. This day the Quarter-Sessions is held at Boston, 
Col. Shrimpton Judge, Tho. Dudley Clerk, Hudson Lev- 
erett Cryer. Judge Shrimpton sat in the Governour's 
Seat. No Civil Action try'd today. 

June 9. Mr. Willard preached from Pro v. 29. 27. 
Sliew'd there was a radicated Antipathy between the 
Wicked and Godly. 

June 10. Carried my wife to M.[uddy] River. This 
day Mrs- Willard and her family return from Roxbury. 

Sabbath, June 12. Lord's Super at the South-Church. 
But Church of England men go not to any other House : 
yet little hindrance to us save as to ringing the first Bell, 
and straitningr the Deacons in removal of the Table. 

Munday, June 20. Went to Muddy-River with Mr. 
Gore and Eliot to take a Plot of Brooklin. 



1687.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 181 

Tuesday, 21. June. Is a great Training at Cambridge : 
His Excellency there. 

Wednesday, June 22. Went to Muddy-River. Mr. 
Gore finishes compassing the Land with his plain Table ; 
I do it chiefly that I may know my own, it lies in so many 
nooks and corners. Went to Cambridge-Lecture. 

June 28, 1687. Went to Roxbury and heard Mr. Cot- 
ton Mather preach from Colos. 4. 5. Redeeming the 
Time. Shew'd that should improve Season for doing and 
receiving good whatsoever it cost us. His Excellency was 
on the Neck, as came by, call'd Him in and gave Him a 
glass of Beer and Claret and deliver'd a Petition respect- 
ing the Narraganset Lands. 

July 1, 1687. Went to Hog-Iland ; had Eliakim thither : 
went to see where to make a Causey to land handsomly : 
brought home a Basket of Cherries : As went, saw a Sur- 
vevor with two red-coats, and another measurino; and sur- 
veying Noddles-Iland. Came home about ^ hour after 
four aclock. About 6. aclock Abigail Saunderson is bur- 
ied, who died yesterday. 

Wednesday, July 6. Waited on his Excellency to Cam- 
bridge. Eleven Bachelors and Seven Masters proceeded. 
Mr. Mather, President, Pray'd forenoon and afternoon. 
Mr, Eatcliff sat in the Pulpit by the Governour's direc- 
tion. Mr. Mather crav'd a Blessing and return'd Thanks 
in the Hall. 

July 8. Carried my wife to Cambridge to visit my 
little Cousin Margaret, they were going, so went to Mr. 
Leverett's Chamber, the Library, Hall, Sir Davenport and 
Mitcliel's Chamber, and so home well, blessed be God. 
Little Stephen hath a Tooth cut two or three dayes agoe. 

Monday, July 11. I hire Enis's Coach in the After- 
noon, wherein Mr. Hez. Usher and his wife, and Mrs. 
Bridget her daughter, my Self and wife ride to Eoxbury, 
visit Mr. Dudlc}', and Mr. Eliot, the Father, who blesses 
them. Go and sup togetlier at the Grayhound-Tavern 



182 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWAIL. [1687. 

with boil'd Bacon and rost Fowls. Came home between 
10. and 11. brave Moonshine, were hinder'd an hour or 
two by Mr. Usher, else had been in good season. 

Tuesday, July 12. I go to Mr. Usher's about 5. maney 
Wan ' having been here : about 7. or eight we goe on 
Board, the Ship being under Sail. Go with them to Al- 
derton's Point,^ and with our Boat beyond, quite out of the 
Massachusets Bay, and there catch' d fresh Cod. Went to 
Nantasket, in which way lost my hat, and for fear of run- 
ning the Boat on the Rocks, left it. From Nantasket, in 
less than an hour and half sail'd home between 7. and 
eight. Goe in the Ship Mr. Wharton, Sam. Newman, Mr. 
Charles Morton, Mr. Wooddrop, Mrs. Bridget Usher, and 
her Daughter Mrs. Bridget Hoar, and others. Had an 
extraordinary good wind. Mr. Usher wept at taking 
leave of 's Wife and Daughter. Before went from Mr. 
Usher's, Mr. Moodey went to Prayer in behalf of those 
going to sea, and those staying behind, in a very heavenly 
manor. 

Wednesday, July 13. Mrs. Eyre, Mr. Jn" Eyre's Mother 
dies ; andjn" Davis, a hopefull young Man. 

Thorsday, July 14. Much Rain. Mr. Allen preaches. 
None save Mistress Bayly, Self and Mr. Usher in his Pue. 

July 15, Friday. Thunder-Shower in the Afternoon. 
Mrs. Eyre buried : Bearers, Mr. Rawson, Joyliff, Cook, 
Addington, Wyllys, Oakes. Governour not there. This 
same day Andrew Bordman,^ Steward and Cook of Ilar- 

^ Under this date, Sewall notes in liis almanac (N. E. Hist. Gen. Regis- 
ter, Vlir. 20), " Harris sails." Wan is very clearly written in the journal, 
but Sewall may have intended Harr. — Eds. 

2 All authorities seem to agree that this name, " Alderton," is an old 
error for " Allerton," and that the cape was really named by discoverers from 
Plymouth, in honor of Isaac Allerton, one of the most active of the "May- 
flower " colonists. The rocky islands called the " JBrewsters " are believed to 
have been named similarly, in honor of Elder Brewster, of Plymouth. — 
Eds. 

8 Three generations of Bordmans — father, two sons, and a grandson — • 
served as stewards and cooks of Harvard College, from 10G3 to 17i7. An 



1687.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 183 

vard Colledge, is buried. Sore Tempest of Wind and 
Rain this day in the afternoon, blew down Trees and 
Barns. 

Sutterday, July 16. At night a great Uproar and Lewd 
rout in the Main Street by reason of drunken raving 
Gamar Flood, came from about Wheeler's pond, and so 
went by our House into Town. Many were startled, 
thinking there had been fire, and went to their windows 
out of Bed between 9. and 10. to see what was the 
matter. 

Monday, July 18. Was startled in the morn as was at 
prayer in the Kitchen, at a sudden unusual noise ; which 
prov'd to be two Cows running into our little Porch ; the 
like to which never fell out before, that I know of. 

July 18. Mr. Mather had two Venice Glasses broken 
at our Meeting. 

Massie is some weeks since made Prison-keeper, and 
Earl dismissed; viz: June 17. 1687. 

July 20. One of the Fisher's Men is found dead, sup- 
pos'd to be murder'd. Two men are stab'd (not mortally) 
at Charlestown last night, viz : Capt. Hunting, and one 
Adams ; ^ occasion was their going into street upon a stone's 
being thrown into Adams' House, which endangered his 
child. 

July 25. Town-Meeting to choose a Commission. Mr. 
Addington chosen had 16 votes ; Mr. Saffin 8 ; Col. Shrimp- 
account of them is given in the Proceedings of the Society for February, 
18G1.— Eds. 

' In regard to this affair, Frothingham (" History of Charlestown," p. 
220) , writes as follows : — 

" The constables waited on Sir Edmund Andros, related the circumstances 
and asked for advice. Adams deposed: ' Hereupon he fell into a great rage, 
and did curse us, saying, " d — n you, you deserve to be indicted," and calliul 
us ill names, and threatened to send us to jail.' Addressing Phillips, Andros 
said: ' Look to yourself and have a care, for you are marked men; — never 
come to trouble me more with any such stories.' " 

Tlie authority given is the deposition in ^lassaclmsetts arcliives. See also 
•' The Andros Tracts," Vol. IL p. 153. — Eds. 



184 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1687 

ton 2 ; Col. Lidget 2 ; and I think Mr. Foxcroft, One. 
Town was generally dissatisfied, partly said were not all 
warn'd, and partly at the work it sett ; so most of them 
that were there went aw^ay and voted not. Mr. West 
there and Voted. In the afternoon Mr. and Mrs. Wil- 
lard visit us. He prays with little Stephen who is very 
isick. 

Tuesday, July 26, 1687. About Nine aclock my dear 
Son Stephen Sewall expires, just after the Judges coming 
to Town ; died in his Grandmother's Bed-Chamber in 
Nurse Hill's Arms. Had two Teeth cut, no Convulsions. 
Mr. Willard pray'd with him in the Morning, Mr. Moodey 
coming in when at Prayer. 

Wednesday, July 27, 1687. Between 6. and 7. after 
Noon, The Body of my dear Son Stephen is carried to the 
Tomb by Jn° Davie, Sam! Willard, Joseph Eliot and Sam- 
uel Moodey. Samuel Clark and Solomon Eainsford put 
him into Tomb. Sam. had the head ; Solomon's foot, on 
a loose brick, slipt, and he slid down the steps and let go 
the Coffin ; but the end rested upon Jony's stone set there 
to show the Entrance, and Sam. held his part steadily ; so 
was only a little knock. I led my wife, Brother Stephen 
led Mother Hull, Sam. led Hanah, Billy Duiiiier led Betty, 
Cous. Quinsey led his w^ife, Cous. Savage and Dummer 
went together. Got home between 7. and 8. Mr. Torrey 
visited us but could not stay the Funeral. Sam. and his 
sisters cryed much coming liome and at home, so that 
could hardly quiet them. It seems -they look'd into Tomb, 
and Sam said he saw a great Coffin there, his Grand- 
fathers. 

July 28. Mr. Cotton Mather, and Mr. Bayly visit 
me. 

Monday, Augt. 1, 1687. Brother comes to Town and 
brings word that two Salem Catches are taken by the 
French, of wliich his Newbury Ketch is one, and the 
whole Fare due to him, so that his Livelihood is in a 



1687.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 185 

manner taken away. Here is wave upon wave. I writt 
to Mr. Nelson to see, if Brother might have his Ketch 
again. Mr. Lidget buried a Daughter yesterday in the 
even, with the Service-Book. 

Tuesday, Augt. 2. W^ Rawson's httle Ebenezer dies ; 
He was about a week old, baptiz'd the last Sabbath. This 
day Brother writes me word that his Catch, the Margarett, 
is return'd, parting from the Frigat in a Fogg and leaving 
the Master behind, and bringing a Frenchman hether that 
was put on board of them. Laus Deo. 

Wednesday, Augt. 3. Capt, Gerrish is carried in a Sedan 
to the Wharf and so takes Boat for Salem, to see if there 
he may find amendment of his Distemper. It seems the 
French and the confederat Indians made war upon the 
Mohawks and theirs ; and Mohawks have killed about a 
Thousand of them. This about a month or three weeks 
agoe. GovF Dungan is concern'd, it seems, to animat the 
Mohawks and hinder the French from coming on this side 
the Lake, which they give out they will doe. 

Tuesday, Augt. 9, 1687. Sam. Topan comes to Town 
and brings me a Letter signifying that Capt. Gerrish died 
this day about Noon, so that Mr. Willard, if he sail'd yes- 
terday, is gon to his Funeral. 

Thorsday, Augt. 11. I ride to Salem with Cous. Sav- 
age and Mr. Dering to the Funeral of Capt. Gerrish. Major 
Gedney, Major Brown, Mr. Hawthorn, Weld, Dering and 
Self, Bearers. Was laid in Capt. Price's Tomb. Capt. 
Winthrop, Edw. Tyng, Mr. Willard were by accident 
there. Mr. Higinson, Willard, Noyes had Scarfs and the 
Bearers. Hardly above two of Newbury there, viz : 
Nath. Clark, James Smith. Was late before done, so 
lodg'd there. 

Augt. 12. Cous. Savage and I come home by Reading 
and visit Mr. Brock. Come home just to the Funeral of 
Isaac Goose's Child which dyed suddenly. Went to the 
Grave. 



186 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1687. 

Augt. 15. Went into Water alone at Blackstone's Point.^ 

Tuesday night, Augt. 16, 1687. Elder Wiswall dies, 
having liv'd, as is said, fourscore and six years. This day 
goe to Charlestown to make an addition to Col. Lidget's 
Farm out of the waste Lands ; or on Monday. 

Augt. 19*.^ Mr. Morton's Text, out of the Fruits of the 
Spirit, falls in course to be PEACE, indeed very season- 
ably, as to the Exercise that Town is under respecting 
the Comon, part of which was laid out and bounded to 
particular persons. Just a little before Sunset Elder 
Wiswall is buried. Gov^ Bradstreet, Mr. Saltonstall the 
Father, Mr. Davie, Major Richards, Mr. Nowell, Mr. Cook, 
Capt. Hutchinson, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Addington and my 
Self, ten of the old Government, followed to the Grave. 
Wooburn Church is under much disquiet. 

Tuesday, Augt. 23. Balston arrives and brings Gazetts 
to June 13, and a Privy Seal whereby Capt. Nicholson is 
added to the Council, being sworn. 

Augt. 24, 1687. Bartholomew-day. Indulgence for 
Liberty of Conscience published here.'^ 

Augt. 25. Mr. Mather preaches from the 5'- verse of 
Jude, shewing that persons deliver'd, yet through Unbe- 
lief left to eminent Judgments. Praised God for the Lib- 
erty good People enjoy in England. Said, 'tis marvellous 
in our Eyes. Mr. Dudley tells me His Father and Mr. 
Stoughton are petitioning for Patents. After Lecture, I 
visit Mr. Benjamin Eliot,^ who is much touch'd as to his 

^ "VVe have already expressed the opinion that Blackstone's Point was a 
little projection on the line of Beacon Street below Charles Street. It is 
interesting to find that, as late as 1688, the name was in use, and the place 
suitable for bathing. Evidently the Braman's Baths of our day were an 
unconscious perpetuation of an old Boston custom at this spot. — Eds. 

2 This is King James's first Declaration of Indulgence, April 4, 1687. — 
Eds. 

8 This was the youngest son of Rev. John Eliot, of Roxbury, of H. C. 1665. 
He died soon after, as will be noticed, and some obscurity has always hung 
over his history, to be explained probably by the fact stated in the text. It 
is to be noticed that Sewall not only speaks often of the family of Rev. John 



1687.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 187 

Understanding, and almost all the while I was there kept 
heaving up his Shoulders : would many times laugh, and 
would sing with me, which did ; he read three or more 
staves of the Seventy first Psalm, 9 verses, his Father and 
Jn° Eliot singing with us ; Mr. Benjamin would in some 
notes be very extravagant. Would have sung again be- 
fore I came away but 's Father prevail'd with him to the 
contrary, alledging the children would say he was dis- 
tracted. Came with me to the Gate when took horse. 

Monday, Augt. 29. Carried my wife to Braintrey, 
Cous. Savage and Quinsey in Company. 

Augt. 30"\ Carry her to Weymouth, Unkle Quinsey 
in Company. Ly at Mr. Torrey's : Preach'd from Ezek. 
36. 37. Mr. Fisk is sent for to bury his Brother. 

Augt. 31. Carry'd my Wife to Hingham, Unkle Quinsey 
and Cous. Hunt accompanying, visited Cous. Hubbard, 
saw their two little Daughters ; saw the Meetinghouse and 
Mr. Norton and Mrs. Came home with Unkle to Brain- 
trey. He brought my wife on his horse. 

Septy 1. Mr. Torrey comes thether to us early and ac- 
companyes us to Boston. Find all well, and are so our- 
selves. Mr. Willard preaches from 1 Peter, 4. 4. wherein 
they count it strange, &c. Gov!' Hinkly came in and 
lodged at Mr. Torrey's the same night as we did. 

Thorsday, Sept. 1. This day we receive a Sloop Load 
of Boards from the Salmon-falls Saw-mill, and the same 
day, I think by the same Boat, I receive a Copy of a 
Writt of Ejection which Mr. Mason has caus'd to be serv'd 
on John Broughton respecting the said Mill. 

Friday, Sept. 2. One Wakeam falls down in the Street 



Eliot, but also of that of Jacob Eliot, brother of John. This latter inchided 
Eliots, Frarys, Dowiies, and others, who lived at the south end of the town. 
Two other brothers of Rev. John, Philip Eliot of Roxbury, and Francis 
Eliot of Braintree, left no sons. As mentioned in a previous note, Benjamin 
Eliot assisted his father at Roxbury, but, his name not bein<T italicized in the 
College catalogue, he probably had not been ordained as a minister. — Eds. 



188 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1687 

and dies without speaking a word, I accompany Mr. Torrey 
to Roxbury, visit Mr. Benj. Eliot, and consult with Mr. 
Dudley, and then ride to Dorchester and consult with 
Stoughton about my Law-Suit. 

Friday, Sept. 9^-. Mr. Cook and I set out for Ports- 
mouth. Dine with Brother Sewall at Salem, call on Mr. 
Phillips. Lodge at Brother Gerrishes. 

Satterday, call on Major Pike at Mr. Wears, of Hampton, 
stay a good while. Our Horses well baited, in this time 
the Judges got before us, overtook them at the Ordinary 
at Diiier. Din'd with them at the Sheriff's cost. Went, 
But Mr. Cook and I cast behind by alighting to take off 
our Coats, so rode alone till overtook Mr. Hutchinson, who 
staid for us. Went into Town another way than they did, 
so miss'd of the Invitation and lay at the Ordinary in the 
Porch of the great Chamber alone. 

Sabbath. Mr. Loree preaches from James 5. 16. Dine 
at Mr. Waldron's with Mr. Stoughton and there goe to 
Duties and Sup. Mr. Stoughton pray'd. Lodge this night 
at Mr. Yauorhan's with Mr. Cook. 

Monday, Sept. 12. The Court sits. Our case is deferr'd 
till March next. Was no Declaration filed, no Jury out of 
the Province of Main, and we had no time to provide. 
Court was kept at Partridge's and there we dine at Sheriff's 
cost again, unwittingly. Lodge at Mr. Vaughan's. 

Tuesday, 13*.!\ Breakfast at Mr. Grafford's. After, a 
Fellow plays Tricks. Cook, Hutchinson and Self ride to 
Bloody Point, so to Hilbon's point over the Ferry ; visited 
Mr. Pike wdiile Mr. Hutchinson and Broughton came over ; 
Boat would not carry all. Mr. Pike not at home, but his 
wife and two Sons. Call'd at Major Waldron's, where Mr. 
Cook lodg'd, but Hutchinson and Self rode to the Salmon- 
falls, George Broughton being our Guide, who was acci- 
dentally at Otisses. Lodge at W"}} Love's in a very good 
House and Bed. 

Wednesday, See the Mill, get a Cut, visit Mrs. Rainer 



1687.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 189 

and her Daughter Broughton. Breakfast there. Ride 
into Swamp to see a Mast drawn of about 26 Inches or 28 ; 
about two and thirty yoke of Oxen before, and about four 
yoke by the side of the Mast, between the fore and hinder 
Avheels. 'Twas a very notable sight. Rode then to York, 
through very bad way, Jn° Broughton Pilot. Saw Mr. 
Sawyer's singular Saw-mill. Lodg'd at Cous. Duiner's 
with Mr. Martin. Rode to Wells on Thorsday 15*, to 
view the Records. Din'd at the Ordinary, (call'd at Mr. 
Wheelrights in the way.) Then I rode with Jn° Broughton 
to the Salmon-falls, got thether about 8 ; Lodg'd at 
Love's. 

Friday 16. See Hobs his Hole, Quamphegen.^ Stay a 
little at George and Jn" Broughton's : by then at Capt. 
Wincoll's ; by this time Mr. Cook come. Din'd at Win- 
coil's. Came to Hampton, by that time 'twas dark. Supped 
there, then to Newbury. Mr. Cook and I lodge at Brother 
Gerrishes. 

Satterday, 17. Ride homeward. Dine at Mrs. Gedney's : 
whether send for my Brother. Major sends a Letter by 
me to his Excellency : we ride round by Charlestown, and 
get home between 7. and 8. finding all well, blessed be 
God. Note, The Friday we set out, at night, a Shallop 
riding at anchor in the Sea was run over by a Brigantine, 
and two Men drown'd. This day the Justices get a Town- 
Meeting at Ipswich ; but they adhere to the former votes. 
And as we come home find Jn'' Appleton Clerk, Lt. An- 



1 Sewall was at this time on the Piscataqua River, which rises in a pond in 
Wakefield, X. 11., and is about forty miles long. Quampegan, so called by 
the natives because fish were taken here with nets (Williamson, I. 22), is 
the great landing place, having falls or rapids above it, and being at the head 
of tide navigation. A mile and a half above it are the Salmon Falls. 

Quampegan is now the village part of the town of South Berwick, Maine, 
and here the family of Ilobbs has been settled for several generations. 
Inquiries, however, have thus far failed to obtain any information as to 
" Hobbs's Hole," which we can only suppose to have been some remarkable 
eddy or other natural curiosity in the river. — Eds. 



190 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1687. 

drews Moderator, and another, in Custody at Mr. Gibbs 
House* under the charge of Souldiers. 

Monday, Sept. 12. Mr. John Alden, the ancient Magis- 
trate of Plymouth, died. 

Monday, Sept. 19. Capt. Ravenscroft with his Com- 
pany level Fort Hill. 

Tuesday, Capt. White — Wednesday, Capt. Savage — 
Thorsday, Capt. Davis — Friday, Capt. Haywood — Sat- 
terday, Major Luscomb. 

Wednesday, Sept. 28. Col. Lidget. (Monday and 
Tuesday it rained.) This day went with Mr. Mather 
and visited Capt. Bradstreet, who was much distracted 
last night ; but now pretty well ; said had not slept in 
several nights, being confin'd at Fort-Hill.^ After, I went 
and visited Major Appleton. Major Saltonstall is gon 
home this day, giving Bond to appear at Salem-Court. 

Thorsday, Sept. 29. Col. Shrimpton works, and the 
School-boys there, my little Sam. among the rest. 

Friday, Sept. 30. Capt. Paige and his Troopers work. 
This day Mrs. Rawlins is buried. Fast at Mr. Allen's, 
where my mother, wdfe and self were : Mr. Nowell and 
Allen exercised. 

Monday, Oct. 3. I and my wife ride to Sherborn, 



1 This whole transaction is fully set forth by Palfrey (Hist., III. 525-528). 
It grew out of the new form of government, by which no legislature was 
convened, and the taxes were imposed by the governor in council. The com- 
missioners and selectmen of towns were required to assess the taxes so im- 
posed. At Ipswich, under the lead of Rev. John AVise, the town refused to 
act. Six of the principal resistants — Wise, John Appleton, John Andrews, 
Robert Kinsman, William Goodhue, and Thomas French — were put in 
prison; and, Oct. 3, tried before a special court, consisting of Dudley, 
Stoughton, Usher, and Randolph. They were fined from £15 to £50, and, 
with exorbitant costs and charges, their expenses reached to £400. This 
vigorous attack effectually silenced all farther opposition. — Eds. 

^ Dudley Bradstreet, of Andover, was arrested for neglecting and refusing 
to act in the matter of the taxes in his town, and was released on his bond 
for £1,000, after acknowledging his " great imprudence and folly." Palfrey, 
III. 529. — Eds. 



1687.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 191 

George Bairstow accompanying us. Husk Corn and trace 
[braid ears of corn by the inner husks]. 

Tuesday, Oct. 4. Take a view of the Meadow, ride to 
Joseph Morse's ; set an H on a sear Pine, which said 
Morse shewed me that it was certainly our Bound-Tree, 
and another httle green Pine with Stones at the Roots. 
It wet, and so rode home. This Night Horse breaks out. 

Wednesday, Oct. 5. Ride near round the Farm, Goodm. 
Holbrook shewing me the Bounds in Company of Joseph 
Moss and Moses Adams. 

Thorsday, Oct. 6. Joseph Moss and Goodm. Whitney 
shew me the Stone-wall, what was wanting to finish it, 
that so the Meadow might be secured. About Noon my 
Unkle and Goodm. Brown come from Braintrey. On my 
Unkle's Horse after Diner, I carry my wife to see the 
Farm, where we eat Aples and drank Cider. Shew'd her 
the Meeting-house. In the Even Capt. Prentice's Negro 
brings my Horse. In the Morn Oct. 7"' Unkle and Goodm. 
Brown come our way home accompanying of us. Set out 
after nine, and got home before three. Call'd no where 
by the way. Going out, our Horse fell down at once upon 
the Neck, and both fain to scrabble off, yet neither receiv'd 
any hurt. Laus Deo. 

Oct. 10. Between 9. and 10. at night, Seth Shove goes 
on Board Daniel Lunt at a Wharf over against Mr. Mum- 
ford's Shop at the North End : Should have gon away at 
noon, but the Master Let his Bark fall aground before he 
was aware. 

Thorsday, Oct. 13. A Boy of about 5 years old is burnt 
to death by his Shirt catching fire. 

Friday, Oct. 14. Eight Companyes in Arms, and great 
Guns fired. At night a Bonfire on Fort-IIill round a Mast ; 
The upper works fired not, but the Mast weakened with 
the fire, bowed and fell. Strong wind at first and so 
blaz'd not upright. I went this day to Hog-Iland, and 
carried Plank to make a way. 



192 DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1687. 

Satterday, Oct. 15. Mr. Bowls brings word to Town of 
the death of Mr. Benjaram Eliot this morning. Mr. Saffin 
buries his only surviving Son this day, Oct. 15. Thomas 
died of the Small Pocks in London, the news of which 
came just about the Death of this. 

Oct. 16^:^ After Exercise went to the Funeral of Mr. 
Benj. Eliot, met the Funeral. Many were there, some of 
which came at noon to hear Mr. Joseph Eliot preach. Had 
the Sacrament today at the North Church ; Mr. Ratcliff 
also had the Sacrament, and sent to Mr, Willard yesterday 
to leave off sooner. To which Mr. Willard not consenting 
Governour sent for him in the night. 

Oct. 17, 1687. Weare Arrives, in whom comes the 
Governour's Lady.^ Lands about eleven aclock at Fort- 
hill ; Takes Coach in the narrow way that leads by Mr. 
Gillam's ; Governour, his Lady and one more ride together. 
Many Guns fired. Mr. Stoughton here. 

Oct. 18. Carried Mother Hull behind me to Roxbury- 
Lecture ; Mr. Joseph Eliot preached. Mr. Stoughton, 
Moodey, Allen, Hobart, Brow^i and Self there. House 
not very full because of the rawness and uncertainty of 
the day. Got home about ^ hour after Three. Belcher 
arrives this day, who it's said is Deputy to Sir W'.^ Phipps, 
Provost Marshal. Mr. Eliot said the King was turn'd a 
Puritan, and he w^as ravish'd at it ; supose 'twas from 
something he had heard as to som Nonconformists, x\l- 
dermen and Lord Mayor. As came home from Roxbury, 

^ The Lady Andros, wife of the goA-ernor, was Mary, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Craven. Iler brother, Sir William Craven, was a second consin of 
the Earl of Craven, and upon liim and his heirs the lesser honor of tlie IJarony 
of Ilampstead Marshall was entailed at the request of the Earl. Lord Ci aven 
was for many years the favored adviser of the Queen of Bohemia (the 
daughter of James I.), report even alleging a private marriage between them. 
Andros had been a gentleman in ordinary to the same queen; and we may 
thence infer his intim.ate acquaintance with the family of Cravens. 

Under date of April 7, 16S8, hereinafter, Sewall mentions ]Madam Craven's 
going off from Boston, — probably some relative of the late Lady Andros. — 
Eds. 



1687.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 193 

I met the Governour's Lady riding in her Coach hither- 
ward. The same day the Governour's Lady arriv'd, word 
came that Capt. Phips was Knighted, so have two Ladies 
in Town J 

Friday, Oct. 21. I went to offer my Lady Phips my 
House by Mr. Moodey's, and to congratulate her prefer- 
ment. As to the former, she had bought Sam. Wakefield's 
House and Ground last night for 3o0£.^ I gave her a 
Gazett that related her Husband's Knighthood, which she 
had not seen before ; and wish'd this success might not 
hinder her passage to a greater and better Estate. Gave 
me a cup of good Beer, and thank'd me for my Visit. 
The Governour has a Gazett of the 22*.^ of Augt, that 
relates great success of the Imperialists against the Turks 
in a Battel [battle of Mohacs, in Hungary]. 

Wednesday, Oct. 26. His Excellency with sundry of 
the Council, Justices and other Gentlemen, four Blew- 
Coats, two Trumpeters, Sam. Bligh one, 15 or 20 Red- 
Coats with small Guns and short Lances in the Tops of 
them, set forth for AVoodcocks,^ in order to goe to Con- 
necticut to assume the Government of that place. 



^ Le Neve (Catalogue of Knip^hts) says that Phips was knighted at AVind- 
sor Castle, June 28, 1GS7. — Eds. 

2 Nov. 28, 1687 (Deeds, Lib. 17, f. 221), Daniel Turell and \^•ife Mary, 
and Samuel Wakefield and wife Elizabeth, sold to Sir William Pliips for 
£350 a brick house and land near unto Charlesto^Yn Ferry, bounded on tlie 
north-east side by the street leading from the long street up towards tlie 
burying-place, 140 feet; soutli-east by a lane leading from said street down 
towards ]\Irs. Carwithin's house, 40 feet; south-west In' land of Turell, 145 
feet; and north-west by land of William Sumner, 51 feet. 

Jan. 7, 1087-88 (ibid., f. 22:5), Tun'U sold Phips laud bouudod nortli-east 
by Pliips. 145 feet; south-east by Green Lane, 77 feet: south-west Iw laud 
of Capt. Samuel Sewall, 154 feet; north-west by land of William Sumner, 
70 fret. — Eds. 

^ \\'ondcock's inn appears again in connection witli Audivs, Ix-iug men- 
tioned by Caj'tain Prentiss wlieu he had charge of the recaptun'd guvcrnor, 
in August, 1080. See Andrns's "Tracts," HI. lOl. r.arb.u- (Hist. Coll. 
Mass., p. Ill) says Julin Wnodcock was licensed, in I07i>. to keep au ordi- 
nary at the Ten-mile River, so calli-d, which is in the way from Rehoboth to 

13 



194 DIAKr OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1687. 

Monday before Capt. Tho. Dudley comes with his Com- 
pany to digg. Tuesday, 25"? Andrew Gardener ; Wednes- 
day, Dorchester Company to shovel, and carry stockados ; 
so the Lecture put by. 

Oct. 27. Mr. Joseph Eliot preached the Lecture from 
1 Cor. 2. 2. parallels the diseases of New England with 
Corinth ; among others mentions itching ears, hearkening 
after false Teachers, and consequently sucking in false 
Principles, and despising, sitting loose from the true Teach- 
ers. Advis'd to fly into the Arms of a crucifi'd Christ, 
because probably might have no whether else to goe. This 
morn, Mr. Sirns thanks me for my kindness to Goodm. 
Huchins. 

Oct. 29. Mr. Taylor rides to Malborough in Company 
of Mr. Jon? Russell. 

Oct. 30. Have the Lord's Supper ; got home rather 
before 12. both by my Clock and Dial. Mr. Oliver's 
James was baptized in the Afternoon. 

Tuesday, Nov. 1. Mrs. Elisa Saffin dies after about six 
years languishing, keeping her Bed a great part of the 
time. Dies about 5. mane. Joseph Cowell is sent away 
Post to Hartford to acquaint Col. Lidget and Counsellour 
Usher. They are there waiting on his Excellency. Mr. 
Willard preached Eoxbury Lecture from Job. 1. 21. The 
Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away, &c. Col. 
Shrimpton there, and sat by me. Mr. Moodey preaches 
this dav at Readinii;. Connecticut Government chan2:ed. 

Nov. 3. Mrs. Anne Williams tells me that an English 
Maid was Executed last Thorsday at Bristow, for murder- 
ing her Indian Child. 

Thorsday, Nov. 3. The Long House upon Fort-Hill is 
raised.^ 



the bay; and that it stood where Hatch's tavern was afterwards, in Attle- 
borough. The old garrison was torn down in 1806. — Eds. 

1 We have seen repeated mention in the text of this work, whicli was the 
building of a fort on Fort Hill. Andros wrote to the Secretary of the Admi- 



1687.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 195 

Satterday, Nov. 12. About 5 P.M. Mrs. Elisa Saffin is 
intombed. Major Richards, Mr. Cook, Mr. Chiever, Mr. 
Jovlitt", Mr. Addino-ton and Sewall, Bearers : had Scarfs 
and Rings. Rings given at the House after coming from 
the Grave. The Lady Andros and Phips there. Mother 
not invited. 

Wednesday, Nov. IG. The Governour comes to Town 
returnino; from takinor the Government of Conecticut. In 
the Even sends for the Ministers and so Schools them 
that the Thanksgiving is put by which was to have been 
the IT'!'. 

Tuesday, Nov. lo*!* Began to lay down the Wharf at 
Hog-Iland, went thether with Mr. Newgate ; prosecuted 
the same business on Wednesday. 

Friday, Nov. 18. I goe over with Cousin Savage, and 
are so late about the Wharf that I lodo-e there all night. 
'Tis the first time that I have lodged at the Hand. 

Satterday Afternoon, come to Town with Cous. Savage. 
We meet Major Gedney who tells me a Thanksgiving is 
apointed to be next Thorsday Fortnight. 

Tuesday, Nov. 22. I goe to Hog-Island with James 
Mirick. Being late at work, and wind and Tide contrary, 
I lodge there all night, which is the second time of my 
Lodging there ; on Wednesday come home and hear of 
Justice Lvnde's death vesterdav about noon. 



ralty, Sept. 5, 1687 (Andros "Tracts," III. 7.5), "I have made a Battery 
and am now fortifying a place att the South end of the towne, called Fort 
Hill, very proper and absolutely necessary for his Ma'Ji^ Service, under which 
is a good Channell, close to the shore, where convenient "Warehouses may l)e 
made, and as am advised, a Dry Dock if Occasion. The same commanding 
the Avenues to the Town by Land or sea." Nov. 28, he wrote to the 
Lords of the Committee (quoted by Palfrey, Hist., Til. olf)), '•! have now 
effected a palisade fort of four bastions on Fort Hill, at the south eml of this 
town, commanding the harbor, in which also a house is erected for lodging 
the garrison, much wanted and necessary for his Majesty's service." 

An engraved view of the fort from the water side, made aliout 1710, has 
recently been recovered, and is reproduced in the '' Proceedings of the ^lass. 
Historical Societv " for LS77. — Ens. 



196 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1687. 

Brother Stephen lodged here in my absence, and the 
next night with Unkle Quinsey. 

Friday, Nov. 25. Mr.^Willard hath an order for the 
Thanksgiving left with him. 

Satterday, Nov. 26. Mr. Simon Lynde is buried. Bear- 
ers, Col, Shrimpton, Mr. Nowel, Justice Bullivant, Justice 
Hutchinson, Mr. Addington, Mr. Saffin. His Excellency 
there, went in a Scarlet Cloak. This last week the Com- 
panies of Boston work again to finish the Fort. Friday, 
Nov. 25, Capt. Dudley brings his Company.. 

Friday, Dec. 2, 1687. About 10. at night Mr. Jn" Hay- 
ward dies, having been speechless 48 hours. This Friday 
Wild sets sail from Marblehead, in whom goes Capt. 
Hutchinson. 

Sabbath, Dec. 4. Mr. Willard baptiseth his little Mar- 
garet, born about 8. last night. In the Even Capt. Eliot, 
Frary, Williams and Self, Treat with Brother Wing about 
his Setting a Room in his House for a man to shew Tricks 
in.^ He saith, seeing 'tis offensive, he will remedy it. It 
seems the Room is fitted with Seats. I read what Dr. 
Ames saith of Callings, and Spake as I could, from this 
Principle, That the Man's Practice was unlawfull, and 
therefore Capt. Wing could not lawfully give him an ac- 
coiiiodation for it. Sung the 90-' Ps. from the 12^!' v. to 
the end. Broke up. 

Dec"" 7^.'' 1687. Foye Sails, in whom goes Mr. Salton- 
stall and Mr. Nowell. 'Tis reported that Wilde sail'd !)ut 
this morning. 

1 This room was undoubtedly one in Mr. Wing's tavern. (Snff. Deeds, 
Lib. 9, f. 151), "William Hudson, vintner, and wife Anne, sold to John 
Wing-, their house and lands, called the Castle Tavern. Hudson was 
the original owner, as the "Book of Possession" shows. The land v,as 
bounded north-east 140 feet 3 inches on the lane called Hudson's Lane (af- 
terwards Wing's Lane and now Elm Street) ; south-east by the broad street 
next the dock (i.e., Washington Street to Dock Square), 2i feet 9 inches; 
north, 5G^ feet, on land of Christopher Parbus; south-west by Habakuk 
Glover and Eliakim Hutchinson, 103 feet 5 inches; west by Thomas Brattle, 
58 feet 6 inches. — Eds. 



1687.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 197 

Deer 9. Mr. Palmer at the Coffee-House said Connec- 
ticut had received Letters from their Agent by Prentice, 
gone in to New London, in which desires Money ; and that 
they are troubled at their hasty Surrender. 

Monday, Dec' 12. Col. Mason calls here with Mr. 
Hutchinson ; I stick at his Reservation of Masts 24 Inches 
Diameter. 

Dec^ 13. Carry my wife to Roxbury Lecture. Note, 
Friday Decf Q*!' Major Appleton is by a mittimus coiiiitted 
to the Stone-Prison, remov'd from Gibbs's House. ^ Sabbath, 
Dec' 11. Mr. Mather propounds his going to England, to 
his Church for their Consent. 

Dec' 15. Mr. Mather preaches the Lecture from Judges 
8. 27. — which thing became a snare unto Gideon and to 
his house. Shewed that Good Men might fall into such 
scandalous Sins as might bring temporal Wrath and ruin 
upon themselves and upon their posterity. Mr. Stoughton 
and Dudley not at Lecture. 

Sabbath, Dec' 18. Is a very Rainy and dark day, a great 
Thaw. Suns' at the Meetino; in the Morninii: the 129*:? 
Psalm, Many a time, &c. Mr. Willard preach'd from Heb. 
11. 36-37, to the word temiyted, inclusively. Sung in the 
Family the 34^.1' In the night it thunder'd and lightend 
pretty much. 

Tuesday, Dec' 20. A cold blustering day; in the even 
Mr. Eliot and Frary visit me : we sing the 41'.' Psalm. 
President calls on Horsback but lights not, speaks about 
Mr. Mason, said Mr. Morton not to be called till next 



^ This house was a celebrated mansion, built by Col. Robert Gibbs. Josse- 
lyn, in his "New England's Rarities" (1G7"2), writes as follows: "There 
are fair buildings, some of stone, and at tlie East End of the Town, one 
amongst the rest built by tlie Sliore by ]\Ir. Gibs, a Merchant, bring a stately 
3'klifice, wliich it is tliought will stand him in little less than :]()()()£ bcfni-e it 
be fully finislied." From a note in Veazie's edition of Josselyn (ji. •■il), it 
seems that this land was formerly Henry Webb's. Dunton abo mentions 
this house. Gibbs' Wharf, to the southward of the fort ou Fort Hill, is on 
the early maps. — Eds. 



198 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168|. 

Term.^ This day, or Monday, was buried one Mr. Lock 
in Capt. Hamilton's Tomb. It's thought he kill'd himself 
with Drink. Was in the Riot that Capt. Hunting was 
wounded in at Charlestown, as is said. 

Friday goe to Charlestown Lecture. 

Satterday, Dec^ 24*.^ Very dark and much warm Rain. 
The sun appeared not all day that I saw, or yet hear of. 

Sabbath, 25. Have the Lord's Supper at the South 
Church, break up about noon, at which time I hear that 
Mr. Mather was, on Satterday between 1. and 2. P.M. 
Arrested ^ by Larkin, to answer for a Trespass on Mr. Ran- 
dolp, 500. £. damage. Major Richards and Capt. Turell 
bound. Just as Morn-Exercise ends Mr. Cotton Mather's 
child dies ; yet he preaches at Charlestown in the after- 
noon. 

Wednesday, Jan. 4. Rode to Cambridge-Lecture, Mr. 
Jn° Bayly preached from Ephes. 2. 1. 

Visited Aunt Mitchell and Cousin Fissenden, where I 
dined in company of him, his wife and father Chany. 
Very cold day, yet got home comfortably. 

Tuesday, Jan. 10"' 168|. Carried Mother Htdl on my 



^ See Palfrey's History of New England, III. 547. — Eds. 

2 This suit of Randolph's was based upon a curious transaction. Some 
time before, Randolph had received from a friend in England a copy of a 
letter whicli he saw in Amsterdam, signed I. i\I., and dated in Boston. 'J'liis 
letter, wliiuli was written in a spirit inimical to Randolph and liis party, was 
attributed to Increase Mather. Matlier not only expressly denied the author- 
ship, in a letter to J. Dudley (Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., 4tli Series, VIII. 101), 
but accused Randoli^h of being the forger. Later, INIather said that he meant 
not Edmund Randolph, but a brother. Ibid., p. 112. 

Palfrey, III. 557, inclines to the opinion that Cotton ]Mather was the 
writer. This is opposed in the notes to the Collections above quoted, 
pp. lOS, ion, and the truth will prol)al)ly never be discovered. 

Randolph lost his suit, the jury giving the defendant costs. Coll., VIII. 
701. He then, as Hutchinson says (Hist., I. 3G6), " I know not how, was 
bringing a new action for the same defamation." Matlier was solicited to 
become the agent to England of the discontented part of tlie colonists; and, 
in order to go abroad, he avoided the sei'vice of the writ by lying concealed. 
— Eds. 



1085.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 199 

Horse to Roxbury-Lecture, where Mr. Moodey preached 
from Jn" 15. 6. shewing, that not abiding in, or apostatiz- 
ing from Christ, is a ruinating evil. Mr. Stoughton, the 
President, and Unkle Quinsey there. A very pleasant 
comfortable day. 

Monday, Jan. 9"'. Lieut. ALford arrested for not Watch- 
ing. 

Wednesday, Jan. 11*.^. Sam. falls ill of the Measles: 
Joshua Gee, come in Capt. Legg, visits me, and returns 
thanks for my kindness to him when Captive in Algier. 

Thorsday, Jan. 12. Eliakim falls ill of the Measles. 
Joshua Gee dines with us. Mr. Allen preaches the 
Lecture. 

Friday, Jan. 13. Betty Lane falls sick of the Measles. 
Get Mehetabel Thirston to help us. Sabbath only Mother 
and self at Meeting : Betty vomits up a long worm : Me- 
hetabel goes home sick. 

Friday, Jan. 13. Joshua Gee with Joseph Bridgham, 
Jn° Barnard and Dyar, come to agree with me what I 
must have for my Money disbursed in London : said Gee 
presents me with a pair of Jerusalem Garters which .^ost 
above 2 pieces | [Spanish dollars] in Algier; were maa^e 
by a Jew. 

131^ Jan. Mr. Moodey hears that Martha, a Grandchild 
of 4. or 5. years old, is scalded to death at Barnstable. 
Speaks at Mr. Sarah. [Mrs. Sarah Noyes ?] Mother and I 
hear him. 

Monday, Jan. 15 [16]. Mary Draper comes to help us. 

Jan. 18. Capt. Ravenscroft having petition'd for a 
Farm at Blew Hills, Cranes who Rents it, is said, in 
stead of defending the Towns Interest, joins in petition- 
ing : Complains that the Select Men slighted him and did 
not take care for his defence. Crane was SuiTioned the 
Thorsday before to this Council-day. 

Frida}^, Jan. 20. Coming from Charlestown Lecture, I 
saw Mr. AVears Ship lying on her Larbord side, fell so on 



200 DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

Wednesday by reason of Melasses between Decks, as she 
lay at Scarlet's Wharf. Are now by Boats and empty 
Buts trying to right her again. Is much damage to Sugar 
that Avas laden, the water coming into her : besides what 
damage the Ship may receive. Many people looking at 
this odd sight. This is the Ship my Lady [Andros] ar- 
riv'd in, Oct!" 17^.^ and in which Mr. Mather hath bespoke 
his passage for London. 

Satterday, Jan. 21. My dear Daughter Hanah is put 
to bed, or rather kept in Bed, being sick of the Measles. 
Droop'd ever since Thorsday. 

Sabbath, 22'.^ Haiiah's Measles appear very full in her 
face : had a restless night, read in course the 38':'.' Psalm. 
My Lady Andros was prayed for in Publick ; who has 
been dangerously ill ever since the last Sabbath. Today I 
hear that Mr. Brown of Salem, the Father, dyed on Friday 
last in the afternoon. One of a Dutch Church in London 
is admitted to the Lord's Supper with us. About the 
beginning of our afternoon Exercise, the Lady Andros 
expires. 

Monday, Jan. 23. The Clarks take Lists of the Com- 
prtuies, take in the Deacons. 

Monday, Jan. 23. The Measles come out pretty full 
on my dear Wife, which I discern before I rise. She was 
very ill in the night. 

Tuesday, Jan. 24. Bettj^ Sewall keeps her Bed ; but is 
not so full as her Sister Haiiah. Capt. Nicholson sat with 
me an -hour or two on Monday night. 

Tuesday, Jan. 24*- About noon, the Physician tells me 
the Measles are come out in my face, and challenges me 
for his Patient. 

Wednesday, Jan. 25. Harris arrives from London, brings 
a Gazett to the 5*.!' of December wherein is the Address of 
the N. E. Ministers.^ I hear the notable firing as 1 lye abed. 

1 See Collections, Mather Papers, p. G98. — Eds. 



1685.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 201 

Friday, Jan. 27. Mr. Willard having been at Mr. Brown's 
Funeral, acquaints me of Brother's being very ill of the 
Measles, and his family was taken rather before me. In 
the afternoon I arise to have my Sweaty Bed made and 
dri'd. 

Monday, Jan. 30. Near noon Mr. Bullivant gives a 
Warrant to the Constables, and causeth the Shops to be 
shut. [Martyrdom of Charles I.] 

Jan. 31. Mr. Randolph, in his Action against Mr. In- 
crease Mather, is cast. Mr. Hale being subpoena'd by Mr. 
Randolph, pleaded he might not lay his hand on the Bible ; 
must Swear by his Creator, not Creature. 'Twas granted 
that he only lift up his Hand as customary in New Eng- 
land. Col. Shrimpton lent Mr. Mather his Coach to ride 
home : He abode there the time of the Tryal, to be at 
hand if need were. 

Feb. 2. Mr. Cotton Mather visits me, and tells me that 
Col. Shrimpton and Mr. Brown are made of the Council. 

Feb. 3. Unkle Quinsey visits us, and tells us that one 
Withrington, a lusty young man of Dorchester, is dead of 
the Measles. News comes by Mr. Harris of the Death of 
Mr. Jn** Collins. 

Satterday, Feb. 4. Mr. Stoughton visits us and tells 
that Mr. Shrimpton and Brown were sworn of the Council 
last Wednesday. Watertowns Trouble about a Town- 
Rate. 

Sabbath, Feb. 5^^ I go to Meeting after the Measles ; 
read in course at home the 39*-'.' Ps. I said I will look to 
ni}' ways, &c. which was also sung in publick. Mr. Wil- 
lard's Sermon about keeping a Conscience void of offence, 
in the afternoon when I was there. See Mr. Carre's 
Letter. 

Monday, Feb. 6. Towards noon the Shops are again 
shut up by a Warrant from a Justice, 'tis said Col. Lidget. 

Tuesday, Feb. 7. My Aunt Gerrish dies between 7. 
and 8. mane: Had the Measles latelx", and now bv Flux, 



202 DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685 . 

vapours and others inconveniences, expires before I had 
so much as heard of her being ill, that I know of. This 
day, my wife, Sam. and self purge after the Measles. 

Wednesday, Feb. 8. Obad. Gill, Jn° Atwood, and Jos. 
Davis are fined by Judge West [blank] Marks ^ apice, for 
refusing to lay their hands on the Bible in Swearing. 

Friday, Feb. 10, 168-§-. Between 4. and 5. 1 went to the 
Funeral of the Lady Andros, having been invited by the 
Clark of the South Company. Between 7. and 8. (Lychus 
[Lynchs ? i.e., links or torches] illuminating the cloudy air) 
The Corps was carried into the Herse drawn by Six Horses. 
The Souldiers making a Guard from the Governour's House ^ 

^ By Coles's Dictionary (London, 1701) we find that a mark of silver was 
13s. 4d., and a mark of gold, 33s. id. By the entry later, under date of 
March 30, 1G88, it seems they were fined one silver mark each. — Eds. 

2 The governor's house was apparently upon Prison Lane, by which we 
are to understand at that time Court Street, from Washington Street up to 
the Court-house, or about to Franklin Alley. Andros's first residence waa 
Mrs. Rebecca Tailer's house, as already noted. This house was on the 
southerly corner of Elm and Hanover Streets, as the following evidence will 
show. 

At the division of the estate of Capt. Thomas Brattle, May 10, 1684 
(Deeds, Lib. 13, f. 162), William Brattle had assigned him a house and land, 
bounded northerly by the lane that leads from the great dock to the house of 
the late William Tailer, deceased; west by land of Francis Dowse, reserving 
a twenty- foot passage along said line; south by the pasture of said Thomas 
Brattle, which is said (Lib. 13, f . 96) to be of about eight acres, near unto 
Gentry Hill. 

The main Brattle lot was doubtless that recorded in the " Book of Posses- 
sions " as belonging to .William Tyng, whose daughter married Brattle. 

Feb. 17, 1701-2 (Deeds, Lib. 21, L 148), William Tailer sells to Edward 
Lyde his house and lands now occupied by said Lyde, bounded north-westeily 
by the back street leading from the mill-bridge towards the upper part of 
Prison Lane, 167^ ft. ; north east by Wing's lane, 57-| ft. ; east-southerly by 
heirs of Isaac Walker, 96 ft. ; north east by do., 37 ft. ; east south by land of 

Ingrum, late of Francis Dowse, 73 ft. ; south by Thaddeus Maccarty 

late Tho' Brattle, 61 ft. ; south west by James Allen, 113 ft. 

The various deeds of the Brattles show that the Dowse land was west of 
theirs and next to Tailer's. 

Finally, in 1708, in the order of the selectmen laying out and naming the 
streets, we find " the way leading from Mr. Pemberton's corner at the end of 
Dock Square, to Justice Lyd's corner in Hanover street, Wirig''s laiie.^' 

Hence Andros lived first on the corner of Elm and Hanover Streets. Did 



168f ] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 203 

down the Prison Lane to the South-Meetinghouse, there 
taken out and carried in at the western dore, and set in the 
Alley before the pulpit, with Six Mourning Women by it. 
House made light with Candles and Torches. Was a great 
noise and clamor to keep people out of the House, that 
might not rush in too soon. I went home, where about 
nine aclock I heard the Bells toll again for the Funeral. It 
seems Mr. Ratcliffs Text was, Cry, all flesh is Grass. The 
Ministers turn'd in to Mr. Willards. The Meetin2:-House 
full, among whom Mr. Dudley, Stoughton, Gedney, Brad- 
street, &c. 'Twas warm thawing wether, and the wayes 
extream dirty. No volley at placing the Body in the 
Tomb.' On Satterday Feb. 11, the mourning cloth of the 
Pulpit is taken off and given to Mr. Willard. My Brother 
Stephen was at the Funeral and lodged here. 

Satterday, Feb. 11. Gary arrives from Jamaica, 5 weeks 
Passa2;e : brin2:s word that the Duke of Albemarle was 
there, and Sir William [Phips] upon the Wreck.^ 

he live there at the time of the funeral? The text would rather imply that 
the govei'uor's house was on Prison Lane, and yet it is not incompatible with 
his living a short distance down Hanover Street. 

Some years later, the Earl of Bellomont, tlien governor, wri'"es to the 
Lords of Trade (N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, VI. 83) that he pi id £100 
a year for a house in Boston, besides his charge for a stable. " It is '"or the 
king's honor that his governor have a house; there is a very good house plot 
wliere Sir Edmund Andros lived, in the best part of tlie town." ■ — ■ Ens. 

^ It seems, from a statement made in Bridgman's "King's Chapel Epi- 
taphs," p. 318, and repeated by Shurtleff, p. li)3, that Lady Andros was 
buried in a tomb afterwards owned by Dr. Benjamin Churcli, of llevolution- 
ary fame. — Eds. 

2 The Life of Sir AVilliam Pliips, by Cotton :\Iatlier, in the " :\ragnalia," 
and tliat by Professor Bowen, in Sparks's Biogi-aphy, furnish full and inter- 
esting iniVirmation about the extraordinai'y and romantic career of this very 
remarkable man. One of tw(uity-one sons, says Mather, in a family of 
twenty-six cliildren of the same parents, he was born at what is now Wool- 
wich, Mc, Eel). 2, lO.jl. His father, a blacksmitli and shijiwright, at liis 
death left this numerous family in the care of tlu; mother, on the sea-coast 
bordering a wild forest filled witli Indians, wolves, aiul bears. The son Wil- 
liam, first a sh(>)iherd, then a ship-carpenter, is said to have learneil to read 
and write only when, at the age of twenty-two, lie was working at iiis trade 
in Boston. Being from his earliest years of a roving and adventurous spirit, 



204 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168|. 

Tliorsday, Feb. 23. Sam. Topan brings word of my sick 
Mother, and my being sent for to see her, 

Friday, Feb. 24. I set out, get to Newbury by 9. at 
night, ways being very bad. Find Mother something 
better, so that speaks to me comfortably. Father and 
Brother Sewall were gone to Bed before I came in. 

Satterday, 25*». Brother Ste. goes home to Salem. 



he was impelled to undertake the recovery of the treasure in a wrecked and 
sunken vessel in the Spanish ]\Iain. Having gone to England in 1684, by 
zealous persistency, with royal patronage, he obtained a public vessel for his 
first search, wJiich proving unsuccessful, the Duke of Albemarle was at the 
charge of a second enterprise for the same end. The result in this case was 
dazzlingly successful. He recovered treasure exceeding in value a million 
and a half of dollars, his own share being near a hundred thousand, with a 
gold cup to liis wife of the value of five thousand, as a present from the Duke 
of Albemarle. Besides knighting him, the King made him High Sheriff of 
New England. He also succeeded as commander of the fleet whicli captured 
Port Royal from the French, in 1690, but met with disastrous failure in his 
assault on Quebec. He was appointed the first Governor of Massachusetts 
under the province charter. There was no truth in the rumor that the Duke 
of Albemarle accompanied him on his voyage in search of the treasure-ship. 

Notwithstanding Viather's wonderful story of the twenty brothers of Sir 
William, Savage points out that only one, John, is ever heard of. It seems 
certain that this John Phips had a son John, who lived at Wrentham, and 
left issue. 

Lady Phips was tlie widow of a John Hull (not Sewall's father-in-law) and 
daughter of Capt. Roger Spencer. She had two sisters; viz., the wife of 
Frecgrace Norton, and Rebecca, wife of Dr. David Bennett. Spencer Ben- 
nett, nephew of Lady Phips, took the name of Phips, inherited Sir William's 
wealth, and became Lieutenant-Governor of the province. He died, in 1757, 
leaving descendants by daugliters only. 

There was another family of the name, to which belonged Samuel Phips, 
Register of Deeds for Middlesex, and Solomon, who married Mary Danforth. 
In this branch is preserved a portrait, said to be that of Sir William (see 
Mass. Hist. Soc. Proceedings for November, 1870); but as we know of no 
relationship, we may presume the portrait is that of some real ancestor in 
this distinct line. 

By a strange blunder. Sir William was claimed as an ancestor by the 
noble family of Phipps, created Marquises of Normanby, ISoS, Earls of 
Mulgrave, 1812; Barons Mulgrave, in England, 1791, in Ireland, 1767. 
They are descended from Sir Constantine Phipps, Lord Chancellor of Ire- 
land in 1710, who was certainly not a son of our Governor. The cousinship 
now stated in the Peerages is probably doubtful, though both families bear 
the same arms. — Eds. 



168f ] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 205 

Sabbath, 26*:^. I sit down with the Church of Newbury 
at the Lord's Table. The Songs of the 5'.^ of the Revela- 
tion were sung. I was ready to burst into tears at that 
word, bought loith thy blood. Me thoughts 'twas strange 
that Christ should cheapen us ; but that when the bargain 
came to be driven, he should consent rather to part with 
his blood, than goe without us ; 'twas amazing. Before 
night Dr. Weld comes with Sam. Topan, being sent by 
Brother to see if he could reliev Mother, so he and Mr. 
Doel consult. 

Feb. 28. Dr. Weld and I came to Salem in good wether 
and ways much mended. 

Feb. 29. Come home about 3. aclock and find all well 
through God's Grace. 

Feb. 29. Mrs. Foster is buried, and Mr. Giles Masters, 
the King's Attorney, dies. Yesterday Mr. West's only 
child buried. 

Thorsday, March 1. Mr. Masters is buried. 

Tuesday, March 6. Ride to Newbury in Company of 
Mr. Cook, Hutchinson, and Sam. Walker, Mariner. 

Wednesday, went to Portsmouth. 

Thorsday, March 8. Went up the River to Capt. Ilain- 
ond who keeps Kittery Town Book. Mr. Hutchinson to 
Nichewanook. 

Friday, March 9. Goe to the Great Hand, saw the Mast- 
Ship sail. 

Satterday, March 10. Rid to Sagamore's Crick. Sev- 
eral went to meet the Judges. 

Sabbath, March 11. Heard Mr. Lovie preach from 
Psal. 45. 7. Going home at noon Mr. Stoughton fell 
off a Long [?] into water with his right Legg and 
hand. 

Monday, March 12. Mr. Mason discontinues his Actions 
against Mr. Cook and me, saying, That Mr. Masters being 
dead, the papers could not be come at. 

Tuesday, March 13. Waited on the Judges to Ipswich, 



206 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168 J. 

Mr. Cook and Hutchinson going up the river. I lodgd at 
Sparks's whether Mr. Stoughton and Capt. Apleton came 
to see me in the evening. 

March 14. Came home, rkling round by Roxbury, the 
wind being extream high. Got home between 3. and 4. 
Met with some Rain between Cambridge and the Town. 
Found all well. Laus Deo. 

March 14, about 2 P.M. Mrs. Downs, Mr. Eliot's Sister, 
dies of Convulsions. 

On Monday, March the 12. There was no aiiiversary 
Town-Meeting at Boston, to choose Select-Men and Con- 
stables, &c. as hath been formerly used. This day Capt. 
Wait Winthrop falls down his stairs and is grievously 
hurt. 

March 15. Capt. Tho. Dudley is thrown by a Horse, 
on oxen, and is much endangered. 

Satterday, March 16. The order is pass'd about Select- 
Men, to be of an even number, not exceed Eight any 
where ; if any refuse. Justices to supply. To make Rates 
approv'd by Justices. To be chosen the 3!^ Monday in 
May. Not to meet at any other time on any pretence 
whatsoever, i. e. the Town. Published. March 19. On 
which day Salem Gentlemen come w^ilily to Town early 
in the morn and buy up a great quantity of Salt, they 
having advice that none to be had at Salt.-Tartoodas 
[Tortugas] . 

Thorsday, March 22. Mr. Mather preaches his farewell 
Lecture, from Exod. 33. 15. If thy Presence goe not — 
mentioned the sound of going on the tops of the Mulberry 
Trees. Desired Prayers and Presence for Goers and 
Stayers. 

Friday, March 23. Shaller's Still-House ' with English 

^ This was the property of Michael Shaller, who was a late comer liere. 
He seems to have owned land at the south end, on both sides of Washington 
Street. One lot, mortgaged by him two or tliree times, was on the west side, 
just north of the corner of Boylstou Street. It was a brick house with or- 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 207 

Hay in the Loft, fell on fire, and had not the wind carri'd 
the flame into the Commonward in all probability many 
Houses had been consumed and ours among the rest. 
4 P.M. 

March 25, 1688. Mr. Increase Mather preaches at the 
South-Meeting from Ezek. 47. 11. But the mirie places, 
&c. See the Sermon Preacht in the morning. 

March 27*.^ 1688. Last night a cold, blustering N.W. 
wind. Three Indian Children being alone in a Wigwam 
at Muddy-River, the Wigwam fell on fire, and burnt them 
so that they all died, youngest bowells burnt out in the 
Wigwam. Eldest, 10. or 12. years old, got to an English 
House a little before day ; but died quickly. 

March 28, 1688. Capt. Davis spake to me for Land to 
set a Church on. I told him could not, would not, put 
Mr. Cotton's Land to such an use, and besides, 'twas En- 
tail'd. After. Mr. Randolph saw me, and had me to his 
House to see the Landscips of Oxford Colledges and Halls. 
Left me with Mr. Ratcliif, who spake to me for Land at 
Cotton-Hill for a Church which were goinii: to build : I 
told him I could not, first because I would not set up that 
which the People of N. E. came over to avoid : 2'.^ the 
Land was Entail'd. In after discourse I mentioned chiefly 
the Cross in Baptism, and Holy Dayes. 

March 29, 1088. Mr. Moodey preaches from Isa. 9. 
12, 13. for all this his anger, &c. This day my wife sitts 



cliards, and we might conclude it to be tlie one mentioned in tlie text, but 
for Sewall's remark about tlie danger to A/.s- house. 

This lot seems to have been among the lands of AVilliam Colbron, but we 
fail to find any note of sale to Shaller. Possibly it came to him from his 
wife; and he seems to have mortgaged it as early as ffuly o, lijiCj (Deeds, 
Lib. 10, f. 17), when the house was occupied by Joiiu Ilayward and William 
Gibbons. Feb. 9, lG!)G-97 (Deeds, Lib. 1-1, f. 121), he madi> a marriage- 
settlement, previous to his marriage with Ilannali, widow of Xathaiiitd 
Jewell. She outlived him; and liis children, probably nut by lu'r, were 
Michael Shaller, Jr., and Elizabeth, wife of Ebenezer Lowell, June "J!), 1709 
(Deeds, Lib. 21, f. 211). —Eds. 



208 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

with, very good liking, in the place I procured for her in 
Mrs. Baker's Pue : several being dead that us'd to sit 
there. 

March 30, 1688. Obadia Gill, John Atwood and Joseph 
Davis are by a Writt from the Sheriff imprisoned, because 
they paid not the 13- 4'^ which each was fined, Feb. 8., for 
not laying their Hand on the Bible : Judgment run thus 
— refusing to take the Oath as by Law is required. Though 
they offer'd to take the same Oath, the oath the others 
did, that Ceremony set aside. They pay the Fine and 
charges and Ly not in Prison one night. Mr. Larkin 
sought after Mr. Mather this week to Arrest him. Mr. 
Mather on Tuesday was taking Physick and so was free, 
and since hath purposely avoided him. 

Satterday, March 31. I, Daniel Maio and another hand 
plant Six Chestnut Trees at Hog Hand. 

Ap. 2, 1688. Mr. Robert Sanderson rides with me to 
Neponset and gives me Livery and Seisin of his 8".' of the 
powder-mill Stream, Dwelling-House and Land on each 
side the River, Mr. Jn!' Fayerwether, Desire Clap, and 
Walter Everenden, witnesses, having the Deed there and 
exhibiting it, when he gave me Turf, Twigg and Splinter. 
Mr. Thacher's Son, Tho., dies this morn. Lodge at Unkle 
Quinsey's with Cous. Dan! Gookin, who has a Son born 
last Satterday. 

Ap. 3. See the Orchard Jn° Ilayford has planted, help 
Mrs. Flint, Sir Shepard and Newman in dividing their 
Goods. Come home in Company of Mr. Blake, Coroner, 
who has been at Hingham to view the body of father Bcal, 
a good man of an hundred years old, who was found dead 
in 's yard the last Sabbath. Note. Mr. Fayerwether's 
House was near burning when he and 1 at Neponset : 
Bells runo;, and Town alarm'd. 

Wednesday, Apr. 4. At night Sam. Marion's wife hangs 
herself in the Chamber, fastening a Cord to the Rafter- 
Joice. Two or three swore she was distracted, and had 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 209 

been for some time, and so she was buried in the burying 
place. 

Friday, Apr. 6. The Exposition of the Church of Eng- 
land Catechise by the Bishop of Bath and Wells [Ken], 
comes out printed by Richard Pierce, with the 39. Articles. 
Foy and Wild are arriv'd as 'tis told on Change today. 
Sailed Dec. T}^ 1687. 

Satterday, Apr. 7*.^ 1688. Capt. Arthur Taiiar sails 
about 10 aclock, a shallop follows quickly after, which 
'tis said is to prevent Mr. Mather's getting on Board : 'tis 
certain all the Town is full of discourse about Mr. Mather.^ 
Carie sails a little after. Many Guns fired at Madam Cra- 
ven's troino; off. 

Friday, March 30. I am told Mr. Mather left his House 



^ We have already seen that blather had been in trouble "svith Randolph. 
His escape from Boston is told by Cotton INIather (" Remarkables of Dr. 
Increase Mather ") in the following glowing manner: — 

" He waited on Sir Edmund Andros, the governor and oppressor of New 
England, and acquainted him that he designed a voyage for London. He 
also gave the country notice of his voyage, in a sermon at the Great Lecture, 
on Exod. xxxiii. 15. . . . 

" Hereupon Randolph again, assisted by one 'Pothecary Bullivant, a 
memoralile Justice (and something else !) privately sent an ofhcer to arrest 
him once more, (such was the Equity of tliose times!), upon the former Ac- 
tion of Defamation. But it fell out, that he was just then under the opera- 
tion of a more wholesome physic than what tliat 'pothecary had sent him; 
and so the officer was ignorantly denied admittance. Tlie 'jiotliecary, as 
ignorantly, reported that Mr. ]\Lather was arrested, and the report flying like 
lightning about tlie solicitous town, it soon reached ^Mr. Mather's ears, who 
then kept upon his guard." 

" ^Mr. Mather withdrew privately from his house in a changed haliit, 
unto tlie house of Colonel Philips in Charlestown; in which withdraw it is 
remarkable, that a wicked fellow whose name was Thurton, and who was 
placed as an under-sheriff to watch him and seize him if lie stirred abroad, 
— now saw him and knew him, and yet found himself struck with an enfee- 
bling terror, that he had no power to meddle with him. From thiMice, he 
was, by ci'tain well-disposed young men of his flock, transported unto Win- 
nisimet: and from thence he went al)oard a Ketch, wliich lay ready to assist 
his voyage. From which he was on Apr. 7, 1GS8, gladly received aliuard the 
ship (called the President) on which he had at first shipped himself: and so 
bore away for England." — Eds. 

U 



210 ' DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

and the Town and went to Capt. Phillips's at Charlestown. 
Sabbath, Ap. 1. To Aaron Way's by Hogg-Island, Tues- 
day, Ap. 3. At night from Aaron Way's to the Boat 
near Mr. Newgate's Landing-place, so throught Crooked- 
Lane and Pulling Point Gut to Mr. Ruck's fishing-Catch, 
thence to the President, Capt. Arthur Tanar's Ship, as 
above. 

Tuesday, Apr. 10. Went to Muddy-River to show Mr. 
Gardener his Bond ; to Andrew Gardener, Simon Gates, 
George Bairstow, Subael Seavers : home. After I came 
home a Redcoat was buried with Arms in the old burying 
place. 

Apr. 13, 1688. Grafted a Stock next Jn'' Wait's, pretty 
high out of the Cows reach, with cions from Mr. Moodey's 
Orange Pear, and grafted Two Apletree Stocks with Mr. 
Gardener's Russetings ; the Cow having eaten last year's 
Grafts all save one Twigg. Mr. Moodey, Willard, Cotton 
Mather, Capt. Townsend, Mr. Eyre were here last night. 
It seems Mr. Watter and Elisha Odlin were fmed last 
Wednesday, 13. 4'!, apiece, for refusing to lay their hand 
on the Bible in Swearing. 

Apr. 13, 1688. Elder Chipman visits me, and tells me 
that the Indian Meetinghouse at Sandwich is raised. 

Satterday, Apr. 14. Mr. West comes to Mr. Willard 
from the Governour to speak to him to begin at 8. in the 
morn, and says this shall be last time ; they will build a 
house. Soe begin about |- hour past 8. yet the people come 
pretty roundly together. 'Twas Easter-day, and the Lord's 
Supper with us too. 

Tuesday, Apr. 17. First Training of the Eight Com- 
panies. I went to Dorchester Lecture, and visited Mrs. 
Poole. 

April 18. Went to Hog-Island, set six Chesnut Trees, 
and took Livery and Seisin of Mr. Maverick's Marsh. 
This day about Sun-set, Jack, alias Jacob Negro, dies at 
my Unkle Quinsey's by the oversetting of the Cart, he 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 211 

(probably) sitting in it, the Rave ^ fell on 's neck and kill'd 
him. This day an Order is made that next Sabbath-day 
senight be a Thanksgiving for the Queen's being with 
Child. 

Ajoril 18. The news about Lima's^ Ruine comes abroad. 
Mr. Cotton Mather mentions it on the 19"^ at the Lecture. 
Above 60.000 persons perished, and now there is a Pool of 
Water where it stood, if the news be true. 

Apr. 19. Mr. E"^ Hutchinson, Fayerwether, Cornish 
and my self goe to Braintrey ; have much adoe to get a 
Jury because of the Training at Weymouth, whether His 
Excellency went by Water. As came back we treat with 
Mr. Ryal about setting up a Fulling-Mill at Neponset. 

April 20. Joshua Atwater's wife dies. It seems he 
carried her out of Town but last Monday. She was a 
worthy Gentlewoman. 

Apr. 22, 1688. Mr. Willard having rec'd no Order 
mentions not the Thankso-ivino; : thouo;h it seems one 
was sent to him at noon to mention it, but left no Order 
with him. 

Apr. 29. Mr. Willard received an Order about the 
Thanksgiving on Satterday night; yet read it not this 
day, but after the JVofes said such an Occasion was by 
the Governour recommended to be given Thanks for. 
Mr. Allen sings the 6 first verses of the 21. Ps. and the 
first Part of the 72!', which gives offence to some of his 
Church.^ Mr. Willard prays more particularly and largely 
for the King, but else alters not his course a jot. 

Monday, Apr. 30*.!'. Mr. Cotton Mather, my wife, Cous. 
Anna Quinsey and Self ride to Dorchester in Mr. Emms 



^ Webster, -o-ho terms it a Xew England word, defines " rave" as " the 
upper side-piece of timlier of the body of a cart." — Eds. 

'■^ See, in the Modern Universal History, XXXIX. 177, a short account of 
the earthquake, in October, 1G87. — Eds. 

* The offence seems to have consisted in the gush of loyalty animating 
those Psalms. — Eds. 



212 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

his Coach, to visit Mrs. Pool, then goe to Mr. Stougliton's, 
who sends a Basket of Aples to sick Mr. Nelson. 

Wednesday, May 2. Went to Hog-Island with Mr. 
Newgate, where by appointment we meet with Cousin 
Savage trying to adjust the difference between them as 
said Newgate's claim of Marsh. Water the Chesnut Trees. 
The Bristow man who arriv'd Apr. 29*.^^ speaks of a Dispute 
was to be between the Roman Catholicks and Protestants. 

Thorsday, May 3. Fast at the old Church and several 
other Churches for Rain. Great likelihood of Rain in the 
morn and considerable Thunder. Thunder at noon and 
beginning of the night to the Eastward : but no Rain to 
speak of. Mr. Willard began in the Forenoon with Prayer. 
Mr. Phillips of Rowly in the Afternoon. Mr. Allen and 
Moodey preached. 

Friday, May 4t^ 1688. Last night there was a very re- 
freshing Rain ; this 4*.^ May, a Print comes out shewing 
the Lawfullness of Swearing according to the English 
mode, Laying the hand on the Bible. Taken out of 
Mr. Baxter's Directory, printed by Richard Pierce May 
the 1. 1688 ; were publickly known May 4. Sent Mr. 
Noyes one May 7*'.'. 

Monday, May 7. Mr. West removes to dwell in the 
House of Mr. Ilezekiah Usher upon the Coinon. About 
7. P.M. begins a plenteous Rain. Laiis Deo. 

Tuesday, May 8. Discourse with Mrs. Woodmancy ^ as 
to her pretended Marriage, which Mr. Willard, Eliot, Frary 
and Self find to be nothing at all. 

May 10. Mr. Dudley and his Son call here. I speak 
to him about the mode of swearing, if no remedy might 
be had, of which had no encouragement, but said Lifting 
up the Hand was the handsomest way. 

1 At this time there was living here Elizabeth, widow of John Wood- 
mansey, who married secondly George IMonck. Her son James married 
Abigail ]\Ielyen, who took for a second husband William Tilley, and married 
thirdly Sewall himself, in 1719, as his second wife. — Eds. 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 213 

May 11. Go to Charlestown Lecture. In the even 
Mrs. Woodmancy comes to me and says Mr. White and 
she took each other on the 2'! of June last, and her child 
last Monday was 8. weeks old. 

Sabbath, May 13. Lord's Super at the South-Church. 
Near half an hour after twelve by that time I got home, 
by my Clock : and five by that time got home in the af- 
ternoon : Day cloudy. Mrs. Nowel here, sits in our Pue, 
and dines with us. A fine Rain begins at 7. P.M. Mr. 
Lawson ^ who came to Town to dwell last week, with us. 

Monday, May 14^.^ 1688. Put Sam. to Eliezer Moodey 
to learn to WTite. 

May 15. Mr. Stoughton calls here to discourse about 
Mrs. Avery who is like to break. Mr. Farwell went to 
her last Thorsday by Col. Lidget's appointment to demand 
2 or 3 hundred Pounds Money, for which her House and 
Ground is mortgaged. 

Thorsday, May 17* 1688. Capt. Leach arrives from 
London, brings news of the 10'- of March, or Later. Col. 
Dongan is to be Governour of Barbados, and New- York 
afiexed to this Government. Fears of War with Holland. 
Now is talk that no Parliament till October next. 

Friday, May 18, 1688. Went to Hog-Island with Capt. 
Eliot and Frary. This day Cratey comes to Marblehead, 
brinui-s a Packet for the Governour. 

Sabbath, May 20. Mr. Willard preach'd in the morn 
from Ileb. 12. 4. Have not yet resisted unto bloud, &c. 
In the AfternQon rain'd exceeding hard, so tliat I doubt 
many staid to hear the Service [the Church Service which 
followed] who had not been wont. 

Monday, May 21, 1688. Town-Meeting. Present, Capt. 
Wait Winthrop, Col. Sam! Shrimpton, Councillors ; Major 
Luscomb, Mr. E"' Hutchinson, Mr. Jn" Joyhff, Mr. Benj^ 

^ This was probably the person called by Calatny, " the unliappy ^Ir. 
Deodat Lawson," afterwards prominent in the sad experiences at Salem vil- 
lage, where he had been a preacher. — Eds. 



214 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688 

Bullivant, Justices ; Mr. Bullivant said he protested against 

voting by Papers, and opposed it much, at last voted in 

the old way. Capt. Tim^ Prout 85 — Capt. Turell 74 — 

Mr. Fayerwether 55 — Mr. Wyllys 50. Cook, Joyliff, 

Hutchinson, Frary, Allin, left out. New chosen — Capt. 

Penn Townsend 84 — Capt. James Hill 80 — Mr. Adding- 

ton 44 — Mr. Adam Winthrop 35. Came next, S. Sewall 

31 — Peter Serjeant 29 — Eobl^ Howard 24. Of the old, 

Capt. Frary had 40 — Mr. Cook 37 — Mr. Joyliff 33 — 

Deacon Allen 25. Mr. Elisha Cook chosen Commissioner. 

Constables — Jos. Townsend 70. Jarvis Ballard 63. Mi- 

^ chael Shaller 59. Abraham Blush 57. Jn" Goodinp^ 

g 56. Ambrose Daws 52. Jon- Bill 47. Jn° Coney 

I jun!" 35. Hugh Flood for Rumney-Marsh. Came 

P-i next, Isaac Griggs 32. James Halsey 27. Joe 

g Atwood 26. 

W2 Nota. Jn° Coiiey and Isaac Griggs at first had 32 
each ; so voted again, and Jn'^ Coney had 35 votes. Xo 
Prayer. 

About Six aclock went with my wife, being invited, to 
Mr. Willard's to eat Salmon, where sat down with Gov! 
Bradstreet and 's Lady, Madam Leverett and her daughter 
Cook, Mr. Joyliff and 's wife, Mr. Willard and wife : came 
away about 9. at night. 

May 23, Wednesday, 1688. Went to Hog-Island with 
Brother Stephen Sewall, Brother Topan and Sam. Shepard : 
Upon the Hill we agreed that Sam. Topan should bo bound 
to Brother Stephen for five years from September next, to 
be bound to Brother only during his Life. Brother Topan 
chose it rather than that he should be bound to a Trade 
as a Taylor, or the like ; Hopes by going to Sea or the 
like after his Time is out, may get a livelihood. 

Thorsday, May 24*.'^ Bell is rung for a Meeting of the 
Church of England Men, being in their language Ascen- 
sion day. 

May 25. Brother and Sister Topan goe home to-day, 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 215 

came 22*? This day Mrs. Elisa. Greenough, Elder Rains- 
ford's daughter, is buried ; a very desirable woman of 
about 40 years old. 

May 25*:^ 1688. Col. Peter Bulkley of Concord dies, 
having languished for a long time. Died this Friday 
about eleven aclock. 

Sabbath, May 27*.'?. Councillor and Judge Bulkly bur- 
ied, because could not be kept : word of which was sent 
to Boston on the same day to prevent persons going in 
vain on Monday to the Funeral. 

Monday, May 28. News comes of his Excellency lying 
at Newbury last night, so sundry Gentlemen ride out to 
meet Him coming home this day. 

Tuesday, May 29. About 5. mane, all the 8. Companies 
are warn'd by Beat of Drum to be in Arms at the 2*! Beat 
of the Drum. Mr. Joseph Eliot preaches at Roxbury, 
where I goe. There, Mr. Stoughton and Capt. Black well, 
Capt. Prentice, Townsend, Hill, &c. besides several Min- 
isters. 

Wednesday, May 30. Eliakim sets forth with his Brother 
Williams for Cofiecticut. Mr. Joseph Eliot here, says the 
two days wherein he buried his Wife and Son, were the 
best that ever he had in the world. ^ 

Friday, June 1, 1688. Went to Watertown Lecture in 
Company of Mr. Moodey and Capt. Townsend. Text 
1. Cor. 11. 31. If we would judge, &c. Mr. Dudley, 
Blackwell, Mr. Danforth, Councillor Usher, Mr. Russel 
Graves, and many more there, Madam Phipps for one, 
who was ready to faint at word was brought in by the 
Coach-man of Sir William's being spoke with at Sea. By 
that time we got home, we heard that Sir William came 
in his Pinace from Portsmouth this day. Many of the 
Town gone to complement Him. 



^ The kindest consti-iiction sliould be put on this remark of tlie bereaved 
husband and father. — Eds. 



216 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

Satterday, June 2, 1688. I sought God in behalf of my 
wife and family and of the Country. 

Sabbath, June 3. Neither Mr. Bradstreet, nor Mr. Raw- 
son at Meeting, both the places empty. Mr. Bradstreet 
taken very ill last Satterday night. Sir William not 
abroad in the forenoon, in the Afternoon hears Mr. Mather; 
so the Whitsuntiders have not his company. 

Monday, about 3. mane, June 4. My wife is taken very 
ill with pains like travailing pains, of which afterward has 
an abatement. Laus Deo. 

Tuesday, June 5*1' Mr. Nath! Newgate marries Mr. 
Lynds Daughter before Mr. Ratcliff, with Church of Eng- 
land Ceremonies. Mr. Payson and Mr. Farwell his Bride- 
men, a great wedding. 

Wednesday or Thorsday Mr. Graham comes to Town 
with his wife and family ; dwells in Mr. Jn° Howard's 
brick House. 

Thorsday, June 7'- Mr. Dudley and Stoughton call 
here. In comes Mr. West and hath one Mr. Newton, a 
newcomer, sworn an Attorney. Mr. Dudley ask'd for a 
Bible, I ask'd if it might not better be done without. 
He laugh'd and seeing a Bible by accident, rose up and 
took it. 

Friday, June 8. Sir William at Charlestowai Lecture. 
In the Even Capt. Hill and I discourse with Roger Judd 
and Mrs. Willy. 

Satterday, June 9. Mr. Sheaf is set upon on the Coiiion 
in the night by Hamilton and two more, sorely wounded 
and Robb'd. 

Sabbath, June 10. Sacrament with us, finish so that I 
got home just about a quarter past 12. by the Dial. Gov- 
ernour angry that had done so late, and caused their Bell 
to be rung about a quarter past one ; 'twas rather more 
before the Bell had done : So 'twas about a quarter past 
Three before our Afternoon Bell Rung about 1} hour later 
than usual. 



1683.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 217 

Monday, June 11. About 3. this Morn Major Luscomb 
dies of a Fever. He was abroad, I am told, on the S'^ of 
June morning and evening and Receiv'd the Lord's Supper. 

June 12. In the Afternoon I wait on Sir William 
Phipps. 

June 13. Brother and Sister Moodey visit us. Goodw. 
Moss of Newbury dead and buried. 

June 15, 1688. Major Humphrey Luscomb buried be- 
tween 7. and 8. P.M. Six Companies attended, viz : all 
except Col. and Lt. Col. After the Vollyes several great 
Guns fired. None of our family were invited. A consid- 
erable deal of Thunder and Lightening with Rain this 
day. About the Funeral time pretty dry. 

Tuesday, June 19. Went to the Funeral of Mr. Brock 
of Reding, a worthy good Minister, generally lamented. 
Was very Laborious in catechizing and instructing Youth. 
Mr. Danforth, Mr. Russel there, Mr. Morton, Wigglesworth, 
Fisk, Fox, Shepard, Lorie, Pierpont, Lawson, Carter &c. ; 
buried between 2. and 3. Dined at Cousin Savage's. Got 
home about nine aclock. 

June 22. I goe to Hogg-Island with Mr. Newgate to 
see if could a<i:ree about his Marsh : Father Griff-n's and 
Sam^ Townsend there. When came back, went and bid 
Sir William welcome to Town, who landed an hour or so 
before me, being come with his Frigot from Portsmouth. 
This day Mrs. Joyliff and Mrs. Grecian goe to his Excel- 
lency, and expostulat with Him about his Design of meet- 
ing first on Sabbath-days in our Meetinghouse. 

Satterday, June 23. Capt. Frary and I goe to his Ex- 
cellency at the Secretaries Office, and there desired that 
He would not alter his time of Meeting, and that !Mr. Wil- 
lard consented to no such thing, neither did he count that 
'twas in his power so to doe. Mr. "West said he went not 
to ask Mr. Willard Leave. His Excellency asked who the 
House belong'd to ; we told Him the Title to the House 
was on Record. His Excellency turned to Mr. Graham 



218 DIAKT OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

and said, Mr. Attorney we will have that look'd into. 
Governour said if Mr. AVillard not the Parson, so great 
an Assembly must be considered. We said He was Mas- 
ter of the Assembly, but had no. power to dispose of the 
House, neither had others, for the Deed, expressed the Use 
'twas to be put to. Governour comj)lain'd of our long stay- 
ing Sabbath-day senight; said 'twas the Lord's Supper, 
and [he] had promised to go to some other House on sach 
dayes ; Mr. Randolph said he knew of no such promise, and 
the Governour seemed angry, and said He would not so 
break his word for all the Massachusetts Colony, and there- 
fore, to avoid mistakes, must give in writing what we had 
to say ; we answered, Mr. Randolph brought not any writ- 
ing to those he spake to. Governour said we rent off from 
the old Church against the Government, and the Land the 
House stood on was bought clandestinely, and that one 
should say he would defend the work with his Company 
of Soldiers. Mention'd folks backwardness to give, and 
the unreasonableness ; because if any stinking filthy thing 
were in the House we would give something to have it 
carried out, but would not give to build them an house : 
Said came from England to avoid such and such things, 
therefore could not give to set them up here : and the 
Bishops would have thought strange to have been ask'd to 
contribute towards setting up the New-England Churches. 
Governour said God willing they would begin at Eight in 
the Morning, and have done b}^ Nine : w^e said 'twould 
hardly be so in the winter. Mr. Graham said if they had 
their Service by Candle-Light what was that to any : And 
that the Service appointed by the Church for morning 
could not be held after Noon.^ 

Sabbath, June 24. We read and sing in course the 

^ This must have been a very exciting intei-view, with much frank and 
strong speech, especially when Andros or Randolph quoted the threat of some 
outraged proprietor of the South Meeting-house to use force in keeping it. — 
Eds. 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 219 

67*.!^ Psal. Altaschith. They [the Church of England 
congregation] have done before nine in the morn, and 
about a quarter after one in the afternoon ; so we have 
very convenient time. 

July 1. Governour takes his old time again after our 
coming out, and Sir William Phips's Chaplain ^ preaches. 
We were a little hurried and disappointed in the morning, 
the Bell ringing about quarter before nine. 

Monday, July 2. Mr. Joseph Bridgham goes to New- 
bury. 

Thorsday, July 5^:^. Tells me of his being there with 
his Son, but referrs me to another time for a full account. 
This day Foy arrives, brings a Coinission for Capt. Nicol- 
son to be Lieut. Governour : New-York to be aiiexed to 
this Government. Mr. Randolph, a new Comission to be 
Secretary of the whole Dominion. 

Wednesday, July 4. Coinencement managed wholly by 
Mr. W'." Hubbard ; - compared Sir William, in his Oration, 
to Jason fetching the Golden Fleece. Masters proceeded, 
no Bachelours. Several French came over in Foy, some. 
Men of Estates. 

Friday, July 6. 'Tis said Sir William is this day sworn 
to officiat according to his Comission [of High Sherifi']. 

Sabbath, July 8. Wants above 5 Minutes of 12. when 
I get home. 

Thorsday, July 12. Mr. Jn" Hubbard tells me there is 
a Writt out afz:ainst me for Hoo:-Island, and aurainst several 
other persons for Land, as being violent intruders into the 
Kings Possession. George Keith [a Quaker] doth this 
day send a Challenge to the 4 Ministers of Boston, in an 
open letter by Edward Sliipen, to disjoute with them about 

1 Wo ;m> unable to ex]il;un this allusion. As Pliips did not join Mather's 
church until ^larch '2'-], KiOO, when he was also l)ai>ti/,ed, it is possible that 
lie passed as an E}>iscopalian in Eni:;lan<l. Or the " chajilain " may have 
officiated as such in the vessel which brouglit riiijis over. — Eds. 

^ President Mather being on his voyage to England. — Eds. 



220 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

the false Doctrine they delivered. Wild arrives, 9 weeks 
from the Downs ; Mr. Bromfield comes in him. 

Satterday, July 14"' Jeremiah Belcher comes and brings 
me the Information Mr. Sherlock left with him on Thors- 
day last in the Afternoon, when he served on him a Writt 
of Intrusion. I try'd to goe to the Island yesterday but 
could not, wind and Tide being against me, and one Oar 
broke. Went from Winisimmet to the Point, but none 
fetch'd me over. Wind is out [from the east], and so Sir 
William comes up and Capt. Belcher. 

Satterday, July 14. Writt to Mr. Wharton, Mr. Mather, 
Capt. Hutchinson, inclosing the state of my case and crav- 
ing their help to give Check ; sent the Letters under co- 
vert to Cousin Hull, ordering him to pay them Fifty 
pounds if they call'd for it. 

Monday, July 16. Sir William's Frigot, and the Swan 
set sail. 

July 17. I discourse Mr. Stoughton, with whom I find 
Mr. Moodey and Mr. Russell. After Catechising I and 
my wife visit Mrs. Man's. 

Thorsday, July 19*. Eight Companies in Arms, and 
Sir Edmund's Coinission is published, extending his Au- 
thority from the remotest eastern parts so as to take in 
East and West Jersey. 

To Sir Edmund Andros Knight, Capt. General and Governour in 
Chief of His Majesties Territory and Dominion of New-Enghmd 
in America, the humble Petition of Samuel Sewall of Boston, 
Sheweth. 

That whereas your Petitioner stands seized and possessed of a 
certain Island or Islands, cofnonly called and known by the name of 
Hogg-Island, lying scituat near Boston aforesaid, in the present tenure 
and occupation of one Jer. Belclier, having been peacably and quietly 
possessed by your Petitioner and his Predecessors for the space of 
fourty years or upwards by past : And whereas the said Belcher hath 
been lately served with a Writt of Intrusion at His Majesties Suit, 
And your Petitioner not being willing to stand Suit, but being desir- 
ous of His Majesties Confirmation for the said Island or Islands: 



1688.] DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 221 

He therefore humbly prays your Excellencies favour that he may 
obtain His Majesties Grant and Confirmation of the said Hogg-Island, 
with the members and Apurtenances thereof, unto your Petitioner 
his Heirs and Assigns forever under the Seal of this His Majesties 
Territory. To be holden of His Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, 
upon such moderat Quit-Rent as your Excellency shall please to 
order. 

And your Petitioner shall ever pray. 

Sam Sewall. 

Presented the above written Petition to the Governour 
with my own hand July 24*.!' 1688. 

July 26'!' 'Twas read in the Council, and an order 
made upon it for a Survey. 

Sabbath, July 221 Read the Sixty first Psalm in course : 
July 29'", the 62. Truly my waiting Soul, &c. 

Monday, July SO'- . With many others I went to Ded- 
ham to accompany his Excellency in his way to New- York 
and Jersy : who goes to take the Government of those 
places. 

July 31. Writt to Mr. Wharton inclos'd to Cous. Hull, 
to do what he could to settle Proprieties. Towards which 
if it might be done, was willing to give 50 or a hundred 
pounds. Writt by a small Bark of which one Mr. Baily 
Master. If Mr. Wharton not there, give it to Mr. Mather. 

Augt. 3. Went to Neponset with Capt. Faycrwether 
and Mr. Wyllys to see the Fulling-Mill lately set up, and 
to direct for the ri<i:ht fittinii: and ordorini'- of it. Placed 
a Stone in the Column of Sir Williams House next to Mr. 
Nowells.' 



1 Sir William Phips's house was at the westerly corner of Salem and Char- 
ter Streets. Drake, S. A., says (Landmarks, 219) that the lioiise was of 
brick, and had a third story added during the present century: also that 
it was used in 1830 as an asylum for indigent boys. Cotton blather in- 
forms us, in his '' Life of Phips," that the future govovnor "would fre- 
quently tell the gentlewoman his wife . . . that he should he owiht of a fair 
brick house in the Green lane of Xorth Boston," and tliat the prediction was 
fulfilled. Years afterwards, Piobert Calef, with gentle raillery, wrute tliat 
" such predictions would have beeu counted at Saluni pregnant proofs of 



222 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

Monday, Augt. 6, 1688. Mr. James Sherman Married 
Richard Fifield and Mary Thirston : Mehetabel Thirston, 
Giles Fifield and Elisa his wife, Elisa Lane and my Self at 
the Wedding in our Bed-Chamber, about 9. at night, being 
disapointed by Mr. Willard's being out of Town, and de- 
sired Privacy all that might be. 

Thorsday, Augt. 9*:'.'. Mr. Moodey, Willard, Mather, 
Capt. Townsend here, Mr. Thacher was here before. This 
day I goe for Mrs. Weeden, my wife having been ill a 
week or more, and now ready to conclude her time to 
Travail was come. Midwife staid and went to Bed here ; 
in the night was call'd away b}^ another woman about 2. 
mane. It seems the Monday the Governour went hence 
towards New- York, Five Indians were killed at Spectacle 
Pond not far from Springfield, four taken Captive, two 
escaped. They that did the Murder are some of our late 
Enemies who have since lived under the protection of the 
French. 

Tuesday, Augt. 7. Capt. Nicholson, Lieut. Governour, 
returns to Town from New-London, as is said upon this 
report of the Indians slain ; where intended to have gone 
to New- York and resided there. 

Satterday, Augt. 11. Jn" Marion buries a Son of about 
11 Moneths old. Sam. Clark and Eliakim Mather, Bear- 
ers and had Gloves. 

Sabbath, Augt. 12. My wife stayes at home as last 

"witchcraft, and much better than what were against several that suffered 
there." 

Besides the house and lands already mentioned in our note on p. 193 as 
bought by Phips, he bought several other parcels adjacent. 

William Sumner, "William Harris, Thomas Willis, and Francis Whitmore, 
Jr., seem to have sold various lots to the governor, to enlarge his gardens and 
grounds (see Deeds, Lib. 16, ff. Ill, 242). He also bought of John Brook- 
ing's widow Elizabeth, then wife of William Green, of Maiden, a house 
called " The Salutation," fronting on the street leading to Charlestown Perry 
(Deeds, Lib. 15, f. 210), Oct. 27, 1692. 

ISIany other deeds and mortgages attest the fact that Phips's large fortune 
was used for the benefit of the inhabitants of Boston. — Eds. 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 223 

Sabbath, but that Mother goes to Meeting and the Chil- 
dren only bear their Mother Company : who hath much 
pain, yet holds up still. 

Augt. 14, 1688. About |- hour past Nine at Night Ste- 
phen Greenleaf comes in and brings my Mother Sewall ; 
they set sail from Newbury about 10. in the morning, had 
a brisk Norwest Gale, turn'd up from Dear-Island and lay 
aground a pretty while before they could fleet in. Cons. 
Greenleaf sups with Mother. I give him the Catechise, 
Day of Doom,^ &c. bound together in a good Cover, in 
part for Mother's passage. 

Wednesday, Augt. 15^-. About 4. mane, I rise to make 
a fire, and to call the Midwife, Charlestowns Bell rung for 
5. as came away from Mrs. Weeden's House. Very cool 
day. My Wife is brought to Bed of a Son between 8. 9. 
while the Service-Bell was ringing. Cous. Anne Quinsey 
first tells me of it. 

Thorsday, IG'.l' Put up a Bill for Thanksgiving. About 
9. in the night news comes from Salem, by a Vessel from 
Holland, that the Queen was deliver'd of a Prince, June 
lO*.*^. So from 11. to 1. or 2. is Drumming, Bonfire, Huzas, 
small and great Guns, Ringing of Bells, at which many 
startled for fear of fire or an Alarm ; because the thing* 
was so sudden, People knew not the occasion. Brother 
Ncedham was called out of 's Bed to deliver the Keys, 
which at first he refus'd, they not telling him the occa- 
sion [for a Church service]. 

Sabbath, Augt. 19"^ 1688. Town is full of the news of 
5. Englisli persons killed at Northfield ; So the Councillors 
sent for ; and by that means Mr. Stoughton at our House 
in the afternoon to hear Mr. Willard, who after Sermon, 
baptized my young Son, whom I named Joseph," in hopes 

^ The then popular and admired poem, by the Kev. ^liehael Wig-gle.sworth, 
of Maiden. — Eds. 

^ This was afterwards the Rev. Dr. Joseph Sewall, ordained Sept 16, 
1713; colleague with Dr. Pemberton over the South Cluirch. — Eds. 



224 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

of the accomplisliment of the Prophecy, Ezek. 37'.^ and 
such like : and not out of respect to any Relation, or other 
person, except the first Joseph. The Lieut. Governour 
goes this day to Woburn to secure some Indians there, 
now busied in gathering Hops. It set?ms were met to- 
gether and praying when secured, or just before. 

Augt. 20*.l\ Went to Capt. Marshall's and discoursed 
with Brother Stephen about Sister Dorothy. 

Thorsday, Augt. 23. Fast at the old Church, respect- 
ing the Indians, at which was my dear Mother Sewall, set 
in Mrs. Baker's Pue, went not out at Noon because of 
the Rain. Mr. Willard begun with Prayer in the morn. 
Mr. Mather in the Afternoon ; Mr. Allen and Moodey 
preached. 

Friday, Augt. 24. I carried my Mother over Wiuisimet 
Ferry to Salem, there met with Mr. Noyes. Left my Horse 
at Salem and came home in Mr. Grafton's Sloop the Lark. 
Loosed from the Wharf at Winter-Island about 4. P.M. 
and got into my own House at ])Ostou about 11. at night. 
W^ind was East if not somewhat Southerly, so. very bare 
till we got past Marblehead Neck. Had Moon-shine. The 
Widow Bordman, and Mr. Kitchin's daughter by INIary 
Bordmau, came Passengers, Landed at Scarlet's Wharf. 
Got to Salem about noon. Left my Horse for ]\Iother to 
goe to Newbury. 

Wednesday, Augt. 20. Mr. Torrey comes to our House, 
Mr. Sherman there at the same time, who hath bespoke a 
passage for England in Mr. Gillam. When he was gou 
Mr. Torrey and I had pretty much Discourse together 
about Eno-land and ii-oinu; thether. I had been wishing 
to speak with him. 

Auo-t. 31, 1G88. Mr. Kitcliiu and mv Brother come to 
see me, and Inform me that the Freucii King died July 
41'.'.^ News came to Salem from Newfound Land. 

^ Louis XIV. lie did not die, however, till Sept. 1, 1715. — Eds. 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 225 

Thorsday, Sept. 6*^ The Duke of Albemarl's Yott ar- 
rives, fires in Tjecture time. In the even Mr. Cotton Matlier 
comes and prayes with my little sick Joseph. 

Sept. 7'.!' Visit sick Tho. Canlener, the son, bespeak 3 
Barrels of Aples of the Fatlier and Andrew; goe to Simon 
Gates's, from thence to Cambridge to see my little cousin 
Margaret; visit Mr. Brattle, and tlien Mv. Leverett. Fol- 
lows of the Colledge. Come home and find my own ChiUl 
somwhat better as is hop'd. 

Sept. 10, 1G88. There is a press in Boston, of ."VJ Men, 
four out of a Company, to goe to the Eastward, by reason 
of the fears and dispersions people tliere are under. It 
seems 10. or 11 English persons are taken away as hos- 
tages till those Indians sent to Boston, be return'd. Kich- 
ard Cornish and his wife come to me about their JNIoney in 
England. 

Tuesday, Sept. 111'.'. Two and thirty Men are press'd in 
Boston, and 6 from Charlestown and sent away to the 
Eastward, and a Post dispatcht to acquaint the Covernour 
at Albany. 

Sept. 12'.'.' Bid to Cambridge Lecture, being rainy in 
the al'ternoon. Madam Paige invited me, and 1 came home 
in her Coach, with Mr. AVillard and his wife, and Mrs. 
Paige's Boy rid my Horse. 

Sept. ir.'.'. 1 discours'd largely with my Wife, and 12".' 
7na)U' with my Mother, Betty being gone on foot to Cam- 
bridge TiOcture. 

Thorsday. Sept. 13'.'." Major Saltonstall conu>s to visit 
me, saith liis Daughter married about 2 uiout^ths agoe to 
I\lr. Denison ; is equal sharer with Mr. llubl^ard in the 
Work of the Ministry. Mr. (ioin-din [Saltonstall] like to 
settle at New-London ; two youngest Sons at Ipswich 
School where Mr. Bogers's Son teaches. 

Sept. 15. less. Corrected Sam. for br(>ach of \\\c *'".' 
Connnandment, saying he had been at the \Vriting School, 
when he h;ul not. 

15 



226 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688u 

Satterday, Sept. 15. at night one who came over a 
Souldier, and was diverted to a Taner, being himself of 
that Trade, hangs himself. 

Sabbath, Sept. 16^.^ Mr. Willard preaches from Heb. 
12. 11. afternoon from Eccles. 7. 29"' I was too late in 
the Afternoon ; Mr. Willard prayd for His Majesty morn 
and even, and said, whereas prayers and giving of Thanks 
commanded, they did so, and prayd that might be a Bless- 
ing. 126. Ps. sung morn. Afternoon, 19"? from 9"' v. to 
the end. Even, 84':'? from d^}} to the end. Had done before 
Eleven by my Clock ; the afternoon, quarter before four. 
About one, many great Guns fired just as first Bells for 
afternoon rung ; vollies of small shot I think first. At 
night a Bonfire with the usual Huzzas between 7. and 8. 
Very cloudy and dark day. I want of Caryl [on the Book 
of Job] the 30* 31, 32, 33, and U'}} Chapters. 

Sept. 17'.^ I speak to Mr. Gillam for a passage in his 
Ship. This day Capt. Frary sees a Souldier with an In- 
dian Squaw in the Coin and open Sun. 

Tuesday, Sept. 18. Several persons are Listed of the 
Governours Life-Guard. Mr. Maccartas Son, of about 10 
years old, who was at School on Friday, was now buried 
Sept. 18, taken with a 'vehement Fever and Deliriinn at 
once. About noon Capt. Gillam falls down, fires Seven 
Guns, and the Fort answer with five. Capt. Townsend, 
Gilbert Cole and I look on. 

Sept. 191^? The rain hinders my going to Salem, and so 
to Newbury. Eldridge comes in, who sais the Amsterdam 
Gazett reported that Mr. Mather's Petition is granted, !*aid 
Eldridge sais that one Ales Avas come out of the Downs, 
who brings Mr. Palmer of New- York, Chief Judge of the 
Teritory of New England. 

Sept. 20. Mr. Lee preaches from Ezek. 47. 11. Shew'd 
that Edom was on the South side of Asphaltites, and prob- 
ably they would not be converted. Jews understood it of 
Italy, called that Edom. This a Prophesy of the great 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 227 

abundant enlargement of the Church not yet accomplished, 
'twas now hastening ; but then also, some wicked hardened 
Wretches. Had not heard of an Edomite converted ; 
though that of the 10*^ Generation implied there might 
be such a thing. Mr. Mather's last Sermon was on the 
same Text. Pray'd for Bristow before and after Ser- 
mon. 

Sept. 21, 1688. The Letters of Ayles come to hand, in 
whom comes Judge Palmer, about 8 weeks from the Downs. 
Alba Regalis [Stuhl Weissenburg, in Hungary] surren- 
dered : Belgrade besiegd. This day I ride to Newbury 
with Mr. Lorie and Penhallow, to visit my friends, and ask 
them about my going for England ; met with my fellow- 
Travailers at Mr. Moodey's by accident the night before. 
Brother Stephen there with whom I Lodge. Visit Mr. 
Woodbridge and Mrs. Noyes. 

Monday, Sept. 24*.^ Come to Brother Moodey's and 
dine with him, his wife. Mother and James Noyes ; then 
Brother brings me going to Rowley-Mill ; I call at Mr. 
Payson's ; drive a Nail in Mr. Gerrishes Meetinghouse, 
gave 2^. Visit Mr. Higginson, 

Sept. 25*.^ Visit Mr. Natli! Mather, sick at Salem at Mr. 
Swiiierton's. Come home in Company Major Gedny and 
Brown, a very fair wind over, went in and drunk at 
Brookins,^ came home and found all well, blessed be 
God. 

A Press in Boston of 16 men to send Eastward ; several 
being kill'd by the Indians, which news was at Newbury 
on Monday morn. 

Thorsday, Sept. 27. Capt. Goodenough makes an Alarm 
at Sudbury in the night, which is taken at Concord, Mal- 
borough, Sherborn, as am told. 

Sept. 28. I go to Charlcstown-Lecture, Mr. Lee preaches 



^ B •ookin, the Taverner, married Mary, daughter of Thomas ^\'alford, 
the, ^rst Eiisrlish mliabitaut of Charlestowu. — Eds. 



228 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

from Mat. 25. 6. After Lecture din'd at Mr. Russell's. 
Then went on Board the Duke's Yott with Major Rich- 
ards, Capt. Phillips, Mr. Cotton Mather, Madam Phips, 
Richards, Shrimpton, Kelland ; Had Sturgeon, Wine, Punch, 
Musick. 

Satterday, Sept. 29*.!'. Lydia Moodey comes hether to 
dwell, helping my wife to nurse the Child Joseph. 

Monday, Oct. 1. A Whiping Post is set up by the mid- 
dle Watch-house. Brother Stephen visits us. 

Tuesday, Oct. 2. I goe with Mr. Newgate in the rain 
to Hogg-Island, having a canvas Tilt [awning, or canopy], 
and take Livery and Seisin of his Marsh, Joseph Sowle, 
Ambrose Honywell, John Sweeting and Elisabeth Warren 
being witnesses ; only the first could write his name. 

Wednesday, Oct. 3*? Have a day of Prayer at our House : 
One principal reason as to particular, about my going for 
England. Mr. Willard pray'd and preach'd excellently 
from Ps. 143. 10 : , pray'd. Intermission. Mr. Allen 
pray'd, then Mr. Moodey, both very well, then 3'!-7*" 
verses of the 86^.!* Ps., sung Cambridge Short Tune, which 
I set. Then had Gov^ Bradstreet and his wife, Mr. Moodey 
and wife, Mr. Allin and Mr. Willard and wife, Cous. Duiner 
and wife, and Mrs. Clarrk her sister, Cousin Quinsey and 
wife and Mrs, Scottow, should have reckon'd formerly 
Mother Hull and Self. My wife was so lately very ill of 
the Ague in her face, she could not come down out of the 
Chamber. Fifteen sat down togetlier. Mr. Addington, 
Mr. Eyre, Capt. Townsend and several others here beside 
the Meeting. 

Thorsday, Oct. 4".'. About 5. P.M. Mr. Willard married 
Mr. Samuel Danforth and Mrs. Hannah Allen. Mr. Mor- 
ton began with prayer before Mr, Willard came. Mr. 
Willard just before married Jonathan Evans and a Daugh- 
ter of Mr. Bronsdon's. I was at Mr. Danforth's Wedding, 
being invited by the Father. 

Friday, Oct. 5. Mrs. Anger of Cambridge is bu^'^^d : 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 229 

Was Sister to Mrs. Topan of Newbury. Went to Mrs. 
Williams's Meeting where Mr. Moodey preached. About 
9. night, Thomas, an Indian and very usefull Servant of 
Mr. Oliver, hang'd himself in the Brewhouse. 

Satterday, Oct. 6.^ The Coroner sat on him, having a 



^ The following letter is printed in the Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., 4th Series, 
Vin. 518: — 

For the Reverend Mr. Increase Mather at London. 

Boston, X. E. Ocf 8. 1688. 

Honoured Sir, — On Sept' 21. I reed yours of July 6"', by which I am 
much oblig'd. Am glad to hear of the likelihood you have of succeeding in 
the great concerns you manage for Xew-England. I writt to you p'' C. Bel- 
char, of mine and my friend's concerns relating to our Properties, and since 
p Mr. Curtis, sailing to Bilbao, and from thence to Bristow. In the last I 
acquainted you, that tho I thought it very hard measure to be serv'd with a 
"Writt of Intrusion; yet my friends not agreeing in their advice, I petition'd 
for a Patent rather than to stand suit with the King. This was done July 
2ith; and July 30th the Governour took his journey to Xew-York, East and 
West Jersey, Albany, from which voyages is not yet return'd. The Indian 
troubles falling in, which were begun, as I take it, July 30th, 4 or 5 Indians 
being slain at a place call'd Spectacle Pond near Springfield Road. Since 
that, several Englishmen have bee[n] kill'd at Xorthfied, al! Squawheag; and 
since at Xorth -Yarmouth four or five; of whom Justice Gendal, one: but tis 
thought sixteen or seventeen Indians were kill'd in tlie skirmish. Also, an 
Engl, man was toll'd into the woods, at Xew-Haven, under pretence of assist- 
ing to kill a Dear, and was himself, by tlie Indian Inviter, butchered in a 
cruel maner. The murderer aprehended. People are much alarm'd and in 
many places dwell in garrison'd houses, to their great anoyance and impov- 
erishing. Two Presses have been in Boston, 32 sent the first, and sixteen 
the second out of this Town, to help those in distress in the eastern parts. 
The Lord provide. 

The Gov"", and Mr. Secretary West being absent, witli other of the Council, 
here is nothing done as to Patents, so have not any thing farther to add, till 
I see how I shall be us'd. Have petitioned only for the I sland. Am so 
sensible of the miseries this people like to undergoe, if tliat course be followM, 
that I shall be very willing to give more than comes to my sliare, if some 
general way of Relief might be obtain'd. I was so concern'd, that I had cast 
myself on the sea to conie for England before petitioning, but knew not iiow 
to get away from my friends. My wife was delivered safely of a son Au.;ust 
IS"" vlt. If my many Land-ties (that I know of) hold me not, shall goe in'ar 
to make an Essay to see my native country, while some that I know are there. 
'Tis nuich that notliing was said of Judge Palmer in any letter, who is lika 
to make a great figure here under that character. He hath so artificially re- 
ported the Articles (as they are call'd) against the Gov^, as tend^ to consider- 



230 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

Jury, and ordered his burial by the highway with a Stake 
through his Grave. 

Wednesday, Oct. 10*? Went on Board the America, 
Mr. Isaac Addington one of the Owners, introducing me : 
took up the Starboard Cabbin, and when came back, met 
Capt. Clark and gave him Earnest 2 Of ; then went to Mr. 
Moodey's to a Meeting. At night read in course the 
Seventh of the Romans. Received a Letter from Mr. 
Taylor this day, and writt to him before I had received 
it. Both of us concluded alike from Joseph's Blessing, 
Deuteronomy. 

Oct. 11"' Writt to Mr. Solomon Stoddard to acquaint 
him with my design. 

Oct. 12*.^ Thomas Brown comes from Sherborn and 
acquaints me of the wellfare of our Cousins. 

Satterday, Oct. 13"\ Went to Watertown with Mr. 
Joyliff, Hutchinson, Serf. Taylor, Samp^ Stoddard. Din'd 
at Cambridge, there was trimmd by Barret 12'^, gave 
Goodm. Brown 12^!; visited Sister, her child asleep, so saw 
it not, 'tis very ill. Visited Mr. Tho. Baily who is recov- 
ering. Came home without seeing the Governour, whom 
w^ent to meet. When I come home here the sad news of a 
family of 8 persons being cut off by the Indians. Gillam, 
who sail'd on Thorsday, is put back by a Storm, and now 
stopt to wait the Governour's coming. 

Sabbath-Even. Capt. Eliot and Frary visit me, Oct. 14. 
1688. 

Monday, Oct. 15. Speak to Gilbert Cole to Bottle me 
a Barrel of Beer for the Sea. 

able disadvantas^e ; tho Mr. No well's, of ... 21, gives check to a considerable 
part of his Relation. ... of Cambridge was buried last Friday. Siipose . . . 

[Two lines mutilated.] 
from whence I lately came. Supose you will have a fuller ace" p'' Mr. Mather. 
My service to your . . . Mr. Nowell, and my New-Engl' friends. Praying 
God you may hapily finish what you have so well begun, especially about 
Property, I take leave, who am, Sir. Your friend and serv'. 

Sam'.- Sewall. 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 231 

Tuesday, Oct. 16. Little Haiiah going to School in the 
morn, being enter'd a little within the Schoolhouse Lane, 
is rid over by David Lopez, fell on her back, but I hope 
little hurt, save that her Teeth bled a Little, was much 
frighted ; but went to School ; one Stebbin took her in, 
who lives next Solomon Rainsford's Shop up the Lane, on 
the left hand as goe up. This day the Ground-Sills of the 
Church [the first King's Chapel, built of wood] are laid; 
the stone foundation being finished.^ Visit Cousin Dum- 
mer sick abed. 



1 The Episcopal Church here mentioned was, of course, the predecessor of 
our " King's Chapel." The first building was much smaller than its succes- 
sors, and the land was undoubtedly taken from the burying-ground. To this 
course no effective objection could be raised, and Andros, by appropriating 
public land when individuals like Sewall refused to sell private estates, cer- 
tainly did not abuse his authority. Bowditch has pointed out that in 1748 
(Deeds, Lib. 76, f . 82) the town sold some additional land to the wardens and 
vestry of the church. 

The following letter from Sewall in the Mather Papers (Mass. Hist. Soc. 
Coll., 4th Series, VIII. 517) deals in part with this matter. — Eds. 

For the ReV^ Mr. Increase Mather in London. 

Boston, New Engl. July 24, 1G88. 
Rev" Sir, — I writt to London of the IG"" inst. by Belcher, giving an 
ace? of the serving of several Writts of Intrusion, on Colonel Shrimpton for 
Dear-Island, on M": Lynde of Charlestown, for land of his there; and on Mr. 
Russell of the same place, for land of his near old Abraham's. Mr. Lynde 
quickly made his ytesLce with Mr. James Graliam, the Attorney-General. Mr. 
Russell follow'd not long after, prevaild with by Mr. Stoughton's advice. 
I was urg'd by my friends two contrary way es ; but at last have this day 
petition'd for a Patent for Hogg-Island. Mr. Dudley, Stoughton and sev- 
eral principal men having taken Patents, and intend to doe it; some of which 
were formerly most averse. I had resolv'd once to have come to you by Bil- 
bao, in Mr. Curtis, by whom I send this, but when it came to, my friends 
would ])y no means part with me, my wife being very near her time. Twere 
good if you could come to know whether persons are thus to be compell'd to 
take Patents. Tlie Judges did as good as toll us we should be cast; and 
Apealing to England does not hinder tlie Execution going forth. Tlie gen.- 
erality of People are very averse from com[)Iying with unj tiling tluit may 
alter the Tenure of their Lands, and look upon me verj- sorrowfully that I 
have given way. There was a Gallery erected last Thorsday, at the cast end 
of the Town House, from whence His Excellency's new Comissinn was pub- 
lished, 8 Companys being in Arms. About two a clock the Lecture began, 



232 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

Wednesday, Oct. 17, 1688. Ride in the Hackney-Coach 
with Gov^ Bradstreet, his Lady, Mrs. Wihard, Mrs. Mercy 
Bradstreet, Josiah Willard, to Roxbury, to the Ordination 
of Mr. Nehemiah Walter. Mr. EHot, Allen, Willard, Dan- 
forth of Dorchester, laid on Hands. Mr. Eliot ordain'd. 
Mr. Allen gave the Right Hand of Fellowship, desir'd he 
might keep to Christ's Institutions in the Purity of them, 
for which God's people came over hether. Mr. Walter, 
giving the Blessing, said, Hapy are they who are faithfull 
in the work Christ calls them unto, &c. The 132. Psal. 
sung from the 13"^ v. to the end. Din'd at Mr. Dudley's, 
Mr. Bradstreet and Mr. Eliot sat at the uper end of the 
Table. After Diiier sung Zech'* song from 76*1' v. to the 
end, and the song of Simeon. At meeting, in the fore- 
seat, sat Mr. Bradstreet, Danforth, Richards, Cook, Sewall, 
Wilson, [of] Meadfield, Gookin [of] Cambridge. Note. 
In time of the first Prayer the Governour came by from 
his Progress. This day a great part of the Church is 
raised. Mr. Cotton Mather not there ; he stays at Salem 
to close the eyes of his dying Brother Nathaniel ; died 
tliis day about one aclock. 

This day a Church is to be gathered, and Mr. Williams 
ordained at Dearfield. 

Friday, Oct. 19. Carried my wife on Horseback to Mr. 
Air's to a Fast. Mr. Willard pray'd, preach'd from Ezek. 
9. 4. pray'd, P.M., Mr. Phillips pray'd, Mr. Moodey preach'd 
from Psal. 57. 1. Pray'd, Sung the 125*.!' Psal. Mr. Wil- 

Mr. Lawson preached. The Governour speaks of setting forth for Nt'w-Yoi'k 
next Thursday. Deacon Bracket was buried this day. 'Tis finally said that 
the Chh sliall be set between the School-House and Capt. Townsend's corner, 
many of the Council urging it, that so it might not stand just up with ^Iv. 
Moodey's gate, where it would have wholly cut off tlie way between my 
fence and Jn? Coney's, and have stood upon the cartway that now is, into 
the ground. We are all indifferent well, and so are yours so far as I know. 
We have had a very showery summer hitherto, which produces good supl3'e3 
of Grass, but Aples fail much by reason of worms in the spring. 
I am, Sir, Your obliged friend and serv'. 

Sam. Sewall. 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 233 

lard was call'd out to Isaac Walker who lay dying, was 
taken but last Sabbath-day. Very rainy day. I. Walker 
dies about 3. P.M. 

Monday, Oct. 22. Mr. Isaac Walker is buried. Bearers, 
Mr. James Taylor, Mr. Francis Burroughs, Capt. Tho. Sav- 
age, Mr. Simeon Stoddard, Mr. George Elleston, Mr. Sam! 
Checkly ; Deacon Eliot and I led the young widow, and 
had Scarfs and Gloves. The Lord fit me, that my Grave 
may be a Sweetening place for my Sin-polluted Body. 
Can't see that anything has been done towards raising the 
Church since Wednesday : Friday and Thorsday had so 
much rain. Rained as went to the Grave. 

Tuesday, Oct. 23. Went to Mr. Wilkins and heard Mr. 
Bayly preach from Numb. 33. 8, 9. Sung the prayer of 
Jonah. Visited Cous. Dumer. 

Wednesday, Oct. 24, 1688. Mr. Bayly and his wife, 
Mr. Moodey and his wife and Cous. Richard Dumer dined 
with us. In the afternoon coming out of Town, I met 
Mr. Ratcliff, who ask'd me if I were going for England ; 
he ask'd when, I said in Capt. Clark. He jDray'd God 
Almighty to bless me, and said must wait upon me. Capt. 
Clark tells me at the Coffee-House, that he will sail next 
week, or Monday come seiiight at out-side. 

Oct. 25. Presented my final account to his Excellency 
respecting the French-Contribution [for redeeming cap- 
tives], as He landed at Mrs. Gillam's stairs, from seeing the 
Sloops set sail with Souldiers and provisions for the East- 
ward. Mr. Eliot and I eat tourether after Lecture. Mr. 
Stoughton and Dudley call at the Gate as they goe home 
at night. 

Satterday, Oct. 27. The Rose-Frigot comes up, and his 
Excellency goes off to Charlestown and so to Dunstable : 
At both which, firing. 

Oct. 28. Lord's Super at the South Church Mr. Wil- 
lard preached from Heb. 9. 24. Mr. Cotton of llninpton 
preached in the afternoon, His Text, Quench not the 



234 DIAET OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

Spirit. Note. It seems the Governour took Mr. Ratcliff 
with him, so met not at all distinct in our House this day. 
Several of them with us in the afternoon. Col. Lidget, 
Mr. Sherlock, Farwell in one Pue : went to Contribution. 

Monday, Oct. 29. Went to Hogg-Island, had Sam., 
Hanah and Betty thether, Mr. Oliver's two daughters, 
Mr. Johnson's daughter, Mr. Balston's daughter: Mr. Oli- 
ver himself went ; Sam! Marshall and his boy carried us. 
Landed at the Point because the water was over the Marsh 
and Wharf, being the highest Tide that ever I saw there. 
Cous. Savage came and din'd with us on a Turkey and 
other Fowls : had a fair wind home. Landed at Gibbs his 
Wharf, got home about Sun-set. Visited Mr. Smith who 
lies very ill. 

Oct. 30. We have the news of Herbert Wanton and 
Blagg being cast away on the Isle of Pines. Very high 
Tide to day, in so much I feared 'twould have carried 
away the Island-Dam, and sent on purpose to see : All 
was firm and sound, blessed be God. 

Wednesday, Oct. 31. Went to the Funeral of Mrs. 
Gookin : Bearers, Mr. Danforth, Mr. Russell, Sewall and 
Hutchinson, Eliakim, Mr. James Taylor, and Mr. Edw. 
Bromfield. Note. The Tide was over the Causey, and 
Mrs. Willard, whom Mr. Pain carried, fell into the water, 
so that she was fain to goe to Bed presently in stead of 
going to the Grave, the Horse verg'd to the right, till 
fell into the Ditch. Mr. Hutchinson's Coach-Horses also 
plung'd. 

Joshua Gee Lanches to day, and his Ship is called the 
Prince. Bant sails. Capt. Clark treats his Owners and 
Passengers : I was invited but the Funeral took me up. 
I help'd to ease the Corps into the Grave. Mr. Torrey 
goes home. More mischief done at the Eastward by the 
Indians. Mr. Alden dispatch'd again with Souldiers. 

Satterday, Nov. 3. Mr. Offly and Mr. Clark come and 
speak to me about laying in for the Cabbin. Yester- 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 235 

day was Cous. Quinsey's Meeting where Mr. Moodey 
preach' d. 

Nov. 3, about two P.M. Capt. White comes and presses 
me in His Majesties Name to appear at the Townhouse 
compleat in Arms next Monday at 11. aclock. 

Gunpowder-Treason-day 1688. I had sent for Robert 
Grundy ; but his wife being great with child, and Jona- 
than Wales offering to serve in my stead for five pounds, 
I agreed with him, and had him to the Market-place at 
the hour, where Capt. White listed him in my stead and 
dismiss' d me. 

Nov. 7. Brother Stephen comes to Town and brings 
my Letter of Attorney and other writings. I go with him 
to the Governour's where the witnesses are sworn, and 
after that I ask his Excellency if He has any service for 
me to Hampshire or Coventry : He ask'd where ; I said 
in England. He said none in particular ; Ask'd whom I 
went in ; said in Capt. Clark. He said 'twas very well, 
and passed away out of the Porch. 

Nov. 8. Capt. Tho. Smith dies about 5. mane ; buried 
Nov. 10. Where the Corps was set was the room where 
first my Father Hull had me to see the manner of the 
Merchants, I suppose now above 12 years agoe. Bearers, 
Capt. Prout, Fayerwether, W™ Clarke, Foye, Taner, Legg ; 
Mr. Serj* and Benj. Brown led the widow, buried in the 
old burj-ing-place. The Lord grant I may be ready when 
my turn shall come to be becken'd away. There is a con- 
siderable snow upon the ground which fell last Thorsday 
night and Friday, near half a foot deep. 

Sabbath, Nov. 11. Mr. Moodey preached with us in the 
forenoon from Luke 12. 47, knew : — many got home just 
about a quarter after 11. Afternoon got home about half 
an hour by Sun. 

Nov. 13. My Unkle Quinsey vi^^its me, and Mr. Torrey, 
Willard, Mather. I see Mi-s. Nowell, Hutchinson. Mathers. 
America comes to sail this dav, and runs ajxround as turns 



236 DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

up and down but gets off quickly. Governour went out 
of Town yesterday, or to day, towards the Eastward. 

Wednesday, Nov. 14, 1688. Went to the Meeting at Mrs. 
Averies, Brother Emons pray'd much about Death : I read 
out of Mr. Allen about the Good, bad Angels, Death, Means 
of Grace, being given in to the Covenant. Sung the 23*^ Ps. 
I concluded with prayer. None but Brother Einons, Davis, 
Self, Mother Hull, Mrs. Avery, Mrs. Noyes of the Meeting 
there, so none to invite the Meeting next time. 

Nov. 16. The Upholsterer tells me the Ship is loaden 
too much by the head and sails badly. About 11 M. The 
Widow Glover is drawn by to be hang'd. Mr. Larkin 
seems to be Marshal. The Constables attend, and Justice 
Bullivant there. 

Nov. 16. Went to Capt. Davis's to meeting : Mr. Wil- 
lard preachd from Job 30. 23. At night read in course 
the first Chapter 2 Cor. the 9^^ verse, of which have often 
thought on of late. Sentence of death. Brother Stephen 
visits me this day. Mrs. Rainsford, the aged Mother, dies. 

Satterday, Nov. 17. Brother Stephen and I with Mr. 
Pole and Capt. Clarke goe on Board the America. It 
rained before we got aboard, and all the way as we came 
from the Ship ; had a glass of good Madera. Brother 
comends the Ship, dines with us and returns to Salem. 



[The journal of Mr. Sevvall's visit to England is contained in a 
separate MS. volume, a copy of which here follows. 

The visit seems to have combined two objects on the part of 
Sewall, one being in reference to his own kindred and the property of 
his family in England, and the other a desire to be with Mr. Mather, 
the agent of Massachusetts, and other friends who sought to uphold 
the interests of the colony, now without a charter or a settled govern- 
ment, and to secure, if possible, a restoration of its privileges.] 

The Care of Heaven flourisheth towards you when you 
Wither. James 1. 1. Dr. Manton's Exposition, p. 6. 
When you lose your Dwelling, you doe not lose your 



1688.] DIAKT OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 237 

Interest in Christ : and you are every where at home but 
there where you are Strangers to God. p. 9. 

Thorsday, November 22, 1688. Set sail out of Boston 
Harbour about an hour by Sun [before sunset], with a 
very fair wind. Friday, Nov. 23, mane, the wind came up 
at North-East to our great discomfort. Beiiy Harris reads 
the 21 of the Proverbs, which is the first Chapter I heard 
read on Shipboard. I much heeded that verse. He that 
wandereth out of the way of Understanding shall remain 
in the Congregation of the dead. At night I read the first 
of the Ephesians, and go to prayer. Saturday, Nov. 24, 
wind holds North-East, we go away East-South-East and the 
like, hoping to shape clear of Nantucket Shoals. Mr. Clark 
reads the two first Chapters of Isaiah, and Capt. Clarke 
prayes. Sabbath, Nov. 25, Strong East wind. In the 
even reef the Mainsail. I read the 74* Psalm, being that 
I should have read at home in the family. Read four or 
five verses out of Dr. Manton on the first of James : very 
suitable for me. Sung the 23'! Psalm. Monday, Nov. 26, 
sail generally East-South-East. Mate takes an Observa- 
tion, and finds that we are in the Latitude of 40" and 13^- 
Tuesday Nov. 27, sail East-South-East, and sometimes East 
and North. Ait my wives Pastry, the remembrance of 
whom is ready to cut me to the heart. The Lord pardon 
and help me. Wednesday, Nov. 28, rains hard in the 
morning, the other Tack is brought on board, and we 
sail North-North-East. Just at night the wind blows very 
hard, just in our teeth, so ly by under the Mizzen, the 
other sails being furled. Scarce any sleeping all night, 
things in the Cabbin were so hurled to and again. Thurs- 
day, Nov. 29, wind comes up at North, or thereabouts, so 
steer East-N.-East. This is the first day of a fair wind 
since our coming out; goe away with fore-sail on our 
course. Clouds and no observation. About 12 at night, 
the Ship being under a hard Gale of wind, the whipstaf is 
somehow loosed from the Gooseneck, which puts us into 



238 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

great consternation : and the word is given, Turn out all 
hands. Several go into Gunroom and steer there for 
awhile, and by God's blessing no great harm. Some of 
the men said if she had not been a stiff ship would have 
been overset. Friday, Nov. 30*% one Cassemate being left 
down and the wind astern, a Sea is shipped into the Cab- 
bin to our great startling and discomfort. Mrs. Baxter, 
who lay athwart ships at the bulkhead, the most wet. 
Very high wind and by flaws, we ly under our foresail not 
quite hoisted, and sail East. 'Tis a very laborious day by 
reason of hail, snow, wind and a swoln sea all in a foaming 
breach. A little before night the foresail is reefed, and 
Main Top-Mast took down to prepare for the tempestuous 
night, which proves very stormy, sore flaws of wind and 
Hail. Satterday, Decemb. 1, wind very high, frequent 
storms of Hail and Rain in fierce Gusts. About an hour 
by sun we are put into great confusion, the iron of the 
Whipstaff coming out of the said Staff. Some goe down 
and steer below, but fain at last to take in the foresail and 
ly by till the staff was fitted. The good Lord fit us for 
his good pleasure in this our passage. 

Sabbath, Dec. 2, goe with our fore courses, and just 
before night hoist the Top-sail, sailing East-N.-E. Read 
out of Dr. Preston ^ and Manton,^ prayed and sung Psalms. 
Monday, Dec. 3, calm in the morn for some hours, then a 
South-west wind and Top-sails out. Rain at night. Reef 
the Mainsail because now the wind very high. Caught two 
Petterils which Mr. Clark intends to preserve alive. Note, 
my Erasmus was quite loosened out of the Binding by the 
breaking of the water into Cabbin when it did. Was com- 
forted in the even by reading the 4. 5. 6. 7. verses espe- 



1 Probably Dr. John Preston, a distinguished Puritan preacher, born ia 
1587, died in 1628. At one time he was Master of Emanuel College. — Eds. 

* Dr. Thomas Manton, one of the most noted of the ministers ejected in 
1662. His Practical Commentary, or Exposition of the Epistle of St. James, 
was published in 1651. — Eds. 



1688.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 239 

cially of the Ephesians. About 8 at night the Mate tells 
me he saw three Corpressants/ upon the top of each mast 
one. Tuesday, Dec. 4. mane, a violent North-East storm 
rises, so all sails taken in and ly by : very troublesome by 
reason of the frequent seas shipt and throwing the things 
in the Cabbin into confusion. Mrs. Mar[c ?]y's Chest broken 
and her things powred out. I put on a clean shirt this 
morn. Can't dress victuals to day. Wednesday, Dec. 5, 
wether is moderated : but the wind so contrary that we 
sailed E.S.E. and South-East. Thorsday, Xr. 6*^ wether 
is comfortable, but wind, E.N.E., so we sail N. or N. and 
by West. Mrs. Baxter is taken ill with a Flux. Kill a 
Shoat. Friday, Dec. 7*^ very fair day : sail N. East. 
Breakfast on one of my wives Plum Cakes. Read Dr. 
Preston, Sain*^ Support of sorrowfull Siiiers. One of the 
Geese dyes yesterday, or to day. Mrs. Baxter is better. 

Satterday, Dec. 8, very mild wether. Sail N.E. and 
E.N.E. In the afternoon veer'd out about 100 Fathom 
of Line, but found no bottom. Suppose ourselves very 
near the Banks of New-found-Land, by reason of the mul- 
titude of Gulls. Guiier trims me. Sabbath, Dec. 9. South, 
and South-w. wind ; very temperat whether. Just at night 
Rain and N.W. wind. Cloudy all day. Monday, Dec. 
lO'.*? North Wind. Tuesday, Dec. 11. N. and N. and by 
W. Pleasant wether. Last night I prayed to God and 
was somewhat comforted. This day the Captain takes a 
List of 's Letters. Wednesday, Dec. 12. West wind. Very 
pleasant wether. Thursday, Dec. 13. Strong S.W. wind. 
Ship runs between 6 and 7 Knots. Cloudy, dusky day. 
Friday, Dec. 14, Fast wind. See Birds, and a number of 
Fishes called Bottle-noses. Some say they are Cow-fish, 
or Black-fish. Satterday, Dec. 15. N.W. wind. Very 
pleasant morn. A little before night is a calm, after 
that the wind comes up at South-East, or thereabouts. 
Sail East N. East. 

^ A sort of electrical ball or fire. — Eds. 



240 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

Sabbath, Dec. 16. Very high wind and swoln sea, 
which so tosses the ship as to make it uncomfortable : 
wind after, so Cabbin shut up and burn Candles all day. 
Shifted my Linen this day, Shirt, Drawers, N. Wastcoat, 
Binder : only fore course to sail with. Monday, Dec. 17. 
Strong N.W. wind. Tuesday, Dec. 18, wind N. N. West : 
many flaws : storms of Hail. Afternoon was a Rainbow. 
Killed the Sheep to day. Dream'd much of my wife last 
night. She gave me a piece of Cake for Hannah Hett ; 
was in plain dress and white Apron. Methouglits waa 
brought to bed, and I through inadvertency was got up 
into the upermost Gallery, so that I knew not how to get 
down to hold up the Child. We are in about 48^- N. 
Latitude. 

Wednesday, Dec. 19, pleasant, west and southwest wind. 
Have an Observation. Was a Rainbow in the morn, and 
in the even Mr. Sampson set the Sun by the Compass. 
This morn was refreshed in prayer from the Instance of 
Jonah and God's profession of 's readiness to give his Spirit 
to those who ask. 

Thorsday, Dec. 20, strong North wind. Are in 48 D. 
36, M. Lat. At night the wind veers a little to the East- 
ward of the North. 

Friday, Dec. 21. Little wind and that is Northerly. 
See many Porpuses. I lay a [wager] with Mr. Newgate 
that shall not see any part of Great Britain by next 
Saterday senight sunset. Stakes are in Dr. Clark's hand. 
In the night wind at North-East. Satterday, Dec. 22, 
wind is at North-East, at night blows pretty fresh. This 
day a Gafiet was seen, and a Purse made for him that 
should first see Land, amounting to between 30 and 40*- 
N. England Money. I gave an oblong Mexico piece of 
Eight. Starboard Tack brought on board, and sail, N.E., 
N.N.E. and North by E. 

Sabbath, Dec. 23. Pretty strong East, N. East wind. 
Sail N. and by E. Saw a Ship about noon some two 



1688.] DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEW ALL. 241 

Leagues to Leeward of us. A Ganet seen this day. To- 
wards night the Capt. sounds and finds a sandy bottom. 
The water between 70 and 80 Fathoms deep. 

Monday, Dec. 24, wind remains right in our Teeth. See 
a Ship to Leeward most part of the day which stood the 
same way we did : but we worsted her in saihng. Tuesday, 
Dec. 25, see two Ships, one to windward, 'tother to Leeward. 
About 10, m. a Woodcock flies on board of us, which we 
drive away essaying to catch him. Wind at North-East. 
Ly by under the Mainsail all night. Wednesday, Dec. 26. 
This morn perceive the Rails of the Ships head and the 
Lion to be almost beaten oif , which cost considerable time 
and pains to fasten again, Ly by with no Sails. A Rain- 
bow seen this day. Thorsday, Dec. 27, begin to sail 
again a little, winding East, N. East. Friday, Dec. 28, 
wind contrary, yet keep sailing sometimes N. East, some- 
times goe South and by West upon the other Tack. Saw 
three Ships in the Afternoon, which, suppose are bound for 
England as we are. Satterday, Dec. 29. Have an Ob- 
servation ; are in 49? and 50¥ See a Ship. 

Sabbath, Dec. 30*? Spake with a Ship 7 weeks from 
Barbados, bound for London, tells us he spake with an 
English Man from Galloway, last Friday, who said that 
the King was dead, and that the Prince of Auraug [Or- 
ano-el had taken Eno-land, Landino; six weeks ao:oe in Tor- 
Bay. Last night I dreamed of military matters, Arms 
and Captains, and, of a suddain, Major Gookin, very well 
clad from head to foot, and of a very fresh, lively coun- 
tenance — his Coat and Breeches of blood-red silk, beck- 
ened me out of the room where I was to speak to me. I 
think 'twas from the Town-house. Read this day in the 
even the Eleventh of the Hebrews, and suug tlie 4G*.^ 
Psalm. When I waked from my Dream I thought of 
Mr. Oakes's Dream about Mr. Shepard and Mitchell beck- 
ening him up the Garret-Stairs in Harvard College. Mon- 
day, Dec. 30*'', contrary wind still, speak with our Consort 

10 



242 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1688. 

again. Tuesday, Jan. 1. [1689.] speak with one who came 
from Keiiebeek [?] in Ireland 8 day's agoe : says there 
are Wars in England. Pr. of Aurang in Salisbury Plain, 
with an Army Landed with fourscore and 5 Men of War and 
above two hundred Fly Boats, has took Plymouth and 
Portsmouth, &c. and is expected at London dailj^ Read 
Hebrews 13*^ Wednesday, Jan. 2. Last night about 12 
aclock the Wind comes fair, so that by morning the word 
was. Steady, Steady. The Lord fit us for what we are to 
meet with. Wind veered from East to South, and so 
Westerly. This day eat Simon Gates's Goose. Thorsday, 
Jan. 3, wind comes East again. A gray Linet and a Lark, 
I think, fly into the Ship. Friday, Jan. 4, wind not very 
fair. Some say they saw a Robin-Redbrest to-day. Sat- 
terday, Jan. ^^^, wind is now come to be about Southwest. 
Sounded and found a red, blackish sand about 50 Fathoms 
deep. Have a good Observation. This day I finished 
reading Dr. Manton. Blessed be God who in my separa- 
tion from my dear Wife and family hath given me his 
Apostle James, with such an Exposition. Page 8. Hon- 
our God in your houses, lest you become the burdens of 
them, and they spue you out. The tendernes of God's 
Love ! He hath a James for the Xns. of the scattered 
Tribes. Obj. My affliction for sin, not Christ's. Ans. 
'Tis an error in Believers to think that Xt. is altogether 
unconcern'd in their sorrows, unless they be endured for 
his Names sake. If you do not suffer for Xt, Xt. suffers 
in you and for you. We should with the same cheerfull- 
ness suffer the will of Xt, as we would suffer for the name 
of Xt. P. 15. Look then not to the earnestness of your 
motions, but the regularity of them ; not at what you 
would, but at what you ought. Men think 'tis a disgrace 
to change their mind and therefore are unplyable to all 
aplications made towards them. But there is not a greater 
piece of folly than not to give place to right reason. 409. 
Julian, the Apostat, was a very just, strict, temperat man. 



1«8|.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 243 

So Swenkfield/ a man devout and cliaritable, notable in 
prayer, famous for Alms : but of a very erroneous and 
fanatical spirit. V. 17*? Cap. 3. p. 400. Sorrow in Heaven 
a note above Elah, 482. God hath every way provided for 
the comfort of His people : He hath pity for their afflic- 
tion? and pardon for their sins. Cap. 5. 11. P. 561. There 
is n J time wherein God doth not invite us to Himself. 
'Tis wisdom to perform what is most seasonable. There 
is a time to encourage Trust. At what time I am afraid, 
I will trust in Thee. Ps. 56. 3. Cap. 5, V. 13, P. 569. 
Doves Eyes, Doves peck and look upward : same V. P. 
571. Paul's Thorn in the flesh meant of some racking 
pain, not of a prevailing Lust. Cap. 5. v. 14. P. 584. 
Must pray in Faith, either magnifying God's Power by 
counterbalancing the difficulty, or by magnifying his Love, 
referring the success to his Pleasure. Cap. 5. v. 15. P. 589. 
In some cases Profession may be forborn, but not in time 
of publick contest, P. 622. Psa. chiefly respects the feel- 
ing of our Consciences. We dread them and God will set 
them at distance enough, 613. Free Grace can show you 
large Accounts and a Long Bill cancelled by the blood of 
Xt. The Lord interest us in this abundant Mercy through 
the bloud of Xt, and the sanctification of the Spirit. Amen. 
Intend to give my Book to the Ship, and so took out this 
Note or two. Satterday, Jan. 5*'' 1688 [9] Sounded twice 
to day. Found 50 Fathom first, then about 70. odd. Wind 
Souwest. A flock of Sparrows seen today. Psa. 84, or 
some such small Birds. 

Sabbath, Jan. 6. See Capt. James Tucker, Comander 
of the Betty of London, about 120 Tons, whom spake with, 
this day sennight. Saith he saw the Light of Silly last 
Thorsday night. We carry a light and keep company. 
Monday, Jan. 7"\ Mr. Clark goes on Board our Consort, 

^ Kaspar Schwenkfeld, or Schwenckfeld. See Smith's Giesoler's Cliurch 
History, IV. 378. — Eds. 



244 DIAET OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168f. 

and brings Oranges and a Shattuck [shaddock]. So steer 
in the night E. and East and by South. We had no Ob- 
servation. Capt. Tucker saith he had by a forestaff, and 
Latitude 49.30. Reckons we shall be abrest with the 
Lizard by morning. Wind So. west. Tuesday, Jan. 8, 
mane, a brisk west wind. We sound and have 55 fathom : 
speak with our Consort, who saith he had Lizard Sound- 
ings, and would now have us steer East and by N. They 
w^ere a little to windward of us, and a little astern. By 
and by they all gathered to their Starboard side, and look- 
ing toward us made a horrid Outcry, Land ! Land ! We 
looked and saw just upon our Larboard Bow, horrid, high, 
gaping Rocks. Mr. Clark imagined it to be the French 
Coast. We asked our Consort. He said, Silly ! Silly ! 
Trini'd sharp for our Lives, and presently Rocks all ahead, 
the Bishop and Clarks, so were fain to Tack, and the T^ick 
not being down so close as should be, were afraid whether 
she would stay [not miss stays]. But the Seamen were 
so affected with the breakers ahead that the Mate could 
not get it altered, or very little. But it pleased God the 
Ship staid very well, and so we got off and sailed in Bris- 
tow Channel toward Ireland, winding Nore, N. West, and 
N.N.W., westerly. Just when saw the Rocks it cleared 
a little, and when fix'd in our course thicken'd again. 
Blessed be God who hath saved us from so great a Ruin. 
Saw the Light-House, that look'd slender, about the height 
of a man, and a Rock with a cloven top, not altogether 
milike a Bishops Mitre, which I therefore take to be the 
Bi.sliop. Wind would have carried us between Silly and 
the Lands End, but durst not venture and could not sjDeak 
to our Consort, who probably knew better than we. And 
we Tacking, he Tacked. 

Tuesday, Jan. 8, 168|. About Noon our Consort being 
astern. Tacked, and we then Tacked, and stood after him, 
hoping to wether Sylly and its Rocks. Just before night 
Me were in much fear by reason of many Rocks, some even 



168f.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 245 

with and some just above the water under our Lee, very 
near us, but by the Grace of God we wethered them. In 
the next place we were interrogated by the Bishop and 
his Clarks, as the Seamen said, being a Rock high above 
the water, and three spired Rocks by the side of him, lower 
and much lesser, which we saw, besides multitudes at a 
remoter distance. The breach of the Sea upon which 
made a white cloud. So I suppose the former Rocks near 
the Land of Sylly not the Bishop. Sailed Souwest, and 
S.W. by S. At night our Consort put out a Light, and 
about 8 o'clock began to hall away South-East. We im- 
agined we saw some Glares of the Light of Sylly, but could 
not certainly say. 

Wednesday, Jan. 9*.'' As soon as 'twas light the word 
was they saw of Man of War, which put us into as great a 
consternation almost as our yesterday's Danger. Puts out 
his Ancient [ensign] ; coming nearer speaks with us : is a 
Londoner from the Canaries, who by dark wether for sev- 
eral days had not made the Land, and lost his Consort 
last night. We told him wx came from Sylly last night. 
He told us that five weeks agoe a Ship told them the 
Prince of Aurange was Landed in England before they 
came from Portland. This was at Canaries. Said also,' 
the King not dead. Suppose ourselves abrest with the 
Lizard. Our Guiier said he saw it. Sail along 3 of us 
pleasantly, Laus Deo. 

Li the night the Londoner carries two Lights, one in 's 
poop, the other in 's round Top. 

Thorsday, Jan. 10, 1G8-|. Very fast wind, sail along 
with four or five more ships. About Ten o'clock saw the 
Isle of Wight plain, which is the hrst Land next to Sylly 
that I have seen. Next to that saw high white Clitl's : 
but then Clouds and Fogg took away our Sunshine and 
Prospect. The He of Wight makes a long space of Land, 
Hills and Valleys. 

Friday, Jan. 11. A pretty while before day, a vehe- 



246 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168f. 

inent North wind comes up, so that fain to ly by, and 
great confusion by reason that the 6 or 7 Ships were so 
near together that ready to fall fowl one of another. In 
the morn see that we are over against Beachy [Head]. 
In a while Tack about to try to gain the Wight, but can- 
not. A little before night tack again ; Seven Cliffs. Make 
thus cold wether. 

Jan. 12. Meet with a Pink 14 days from Liverpool : tells 
us Prince of Aurange landed about the 29"^ Nov. [really on 
the 5th] in Torbay, with 50 Thousand Men, Six hundred 
Ships : Sea-Commanders all yielded to him : no bloud shed : 
King and Prince of Wales gone to France somwhat privatly. 
Bought three Cheeses of him. He sent us some Bottles 
of very good Beer, and we him one of my Bottles of 
Brandy. About 12 o'clock the wind springs up fair, and 
about 6 in the even we take our leave of Beachey. Saith 
the occasion of Prince's coming in, that apprehends King 
James has no Legitimate Son, that that of Pr. Wales is 
a Cheat. Told us there were Englishmen found dead, 
drowned, tied back to back : so put us in great fear, be- 
cause he intimated as if French Men of War were cruising 
with English Commissions. Sabbath, Jan. 13. Goe ashoar 
at Dover, with Newgate, Tuttle and Sister. Hear 2 Ser- 
mons from Isaiah, 66. 9. — Shall I bring to the birth ? 
Monday morn, Jan. 14*^^, view the fort at the west end 
of the Town and the Castle : went into the Kings Lodg- 
ings. The Town is like a Bow, only the two Ends tlie 
thicker parts and the back the thinner, being built as the 
Sea and Cliff would suffer it. 

Sea-Peer 
S. 





Cliff 



168f.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 247 

A small River runs that helps to clear the Dock of 
Shingle : the Peers also defending. Houses of Brick 
covered with Tile generally : Some very good Buildings. 
A handsome Court-House and Market-place, near which 
the Antwerp Tavern, where we drunk coming out of 
Town. 

Got this night to Canterbury time enough to view the 
Cathedral, and Kentish Husbandry as went along. 

Jan. 15. To Chatham and Rochester, which make 
a Long Street of Good Houses. A fair Assize-House 
now building, just over against which we lodged at a 
Coffee House : no room in the Inn. Dined at Sitting- 
burne. 

Wednesday, Jan. 16*.^ To Dartford, where had a good 
Goose to Dinner. 'Tis a considerable place. A river runs 
into the Thames under a Stone Bridge of four Arches. To 
Southwark, where we drink and reckon with the Coach- 
man. Hire another Coach for 18*^ to Cousin Hull's. 
Thorsday, Jan. 17'''', went to the Exchange. Jan. 30*^, 
went to the Temple and to White-hall. Saw Westminster 
Abbey : Henry 7"'^ Chapel. Heard Dr. Sharp ^ preach be- 
fore the Commons, from Psa. 51. — Deliver me from 
Blood guiltinesse, &c Saw St. James's Park. 

Jan. 31. Heard Mr. Chauncy ^ preach. Writ to Mr. 
Flavell this day. 

Feb. 1. Received one from Mr. Flavell inclosed in Mr. 
Mather's. 

Feb. 7. A Minister who lives at Abbington earnestly 
invites me to his House with Mr. Mather, and he will goe 
and shew us Oxford. Mr. Brattle shewed me Greslium 
Colledge, by Mr. Dubois his kindness and Cost. After- 
ward went to Smithfield, and the Cloisters of the Blew 

1 Dr. Sharp, at this time Doan of Xorwich, died Archl»ishop of York. 
See, in INIacaulay's History of England, Chap. X., an account of this ser- 
mon. — Eds. 

'^ Probably Isaac Chauncy, one of the ejected ministers. — Eds. 



248 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168|. 

Coat Boys [at Christ's Hospital]. Gresham-Colledge 
Library is about one Hundred and fifty foot long, and 
Eighteen foot wide. 

Feb. 9, 168f . Guild-Hall I find to be Fifty yards long, 
of which the Hustings take up near seven yards, Measur- 
ing by the same yard-jointed Rule, Mr. Brattle and I find 
the breadth to be Sixteen Yards. 

Feb. 11^^ Mr. Brattle and I w^ent to Covent-Garden 
and heard a Consort of Musick. Dined to-day with Madam 
Lloyd and Usher. 

Feb. 12. Saw three Waggons full of Calves goe by 
together. At the Star on the Bridge, Mr. Ruck's, saw 
the Princess ^ pass in her Barge, Ancients and Streamers 
of Ships flying, Bells Ringing, Guns roaring. Supped at 
Mr. Marshal's. 

March 18, wrote to my Wife. 2d to Cousin Quinsey, 3, 
to Bro. St. Sewall, inclosed in Sir William's into the 
Downs. 

March 19. Writ to Cousin Stoeke to send me a perfect 
account, Dr. and Cr., and the Balance Money. I took up 
in Stockings 8, IT, 2 Am willing to allow what's reas- 
onable for receiving my Money. 

March 19. To Mrs. Elizabeth Mills, for Pole's Synopsis^ 
entire, lacking nothing, will give £4. here. 

March 19. Saw Paul's, which is a great and excellent 
piece of work for the Arches and Pillars and Porches. 
The Stairs are five foot | long and four Inches deep, wind- 
ing about a great hollow Pillar of about six foot Diameter. 
March 20. Went and saw Weavers Hall and Goldsmiths 
Hall. Went into Guild-Hall and saw the manner of chus- 
ing the Mayor. About 16 were put up, though I think 
but four were intended. Pilkington and StamjD had by 

^ On her passage from Holland, she had taken barge off GreenAvich, and 
was going up to Whitehall. — Eds. 

'^ Air. Matthew Poole, one of the ejected ministers, published, in five vol- 
umes folio, a Synopsis Criticorum. He died in 1G79. — Eds. 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 249 

much the most Hands, yet those for fatal Moor ^ and Ray- 
ment would have a Pole, which the Court of Aldermen in 
their Scarlet Gowns ordered to be at four o'clock. They 
sat at the Hustings. Sheriffs in their Gold Chains man- 
aged the Election. Common Sergeant [counsel of the 
Mayor and Aldermen] made a speech. When the People 
cry'd, a Hall, a Hall, the Aldermen came up two by two, 
the Mace carried before them, came in at the dore opposite 
to the Street dore out of another apartment. I stood in 
the Clock-Gallery. 

March 20. Writt to Mr. John Richardson, of Bristow, 
to send me Mr. Sergeant's and my Account, and that I 
would however pay my own. Fear [1] shall never hear 
of Nath. Man, or the Fidelity ^ any more. 

March 25. Writt to Mr. Brown inclosing Mrs. Sarah 
"Woodward's original Receipt by Bant, Copy by Lason. 
Writt by Lason to Mr. Torry. Mr. Higginson inclosing 
Mr. Whitfield's Papers. 

March 28, To my Wife, inclosing Mr. Henry Hatsel's 2^. 
Receipt. 27 To Mother Hull, with a Case of Spectacles, 
Shagreen. 

April 20, 1689. Writt to Mrs. Mary Batter by Bant. 
Shipped a Duz. Silver Spoons of Mr. Samuel Layfield, 
Cost £5.13.3. Recieved of Cous. Natlil Dummer for your 
account £5.10.3. freight, 5.8, so will be somewhat more 
than I have in my hands. 

April 20. Writt to Cous. Nath. inclosing Cous. Nath.'s 

1 We cannot explain this word, " fatal." The parties to the contest were 
vSir Thomas Pilkington, who was elected in 1689; Sir Thomas Stamp, mayor 
iu 1G92; Sir Jonathan Raymond; and probably Sir John Moore, who had 
been mayor in lfjy2, or some relative of his. Sir Jolm Moore had bocn mayor 
in 1G82. In tliat year there was a severe struggle at the election of sherilfs. 
Kennet says: " Tliis great struggle put the court upon considoriug. and in a, 
nuinner resolving, to take away the election of sherilt's out of tlie power of 
the City; and no other expedient could be found but liy taking away their 
Charter." This may account for the epithet "fatal" attached to Sir J. 
Moore's name. — Eds. 

2 On which vessel Sewall probably had property. — Eus. 



250 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

Bill for Mrs. Batter's Spoons by Bant. April 20. Went 
on foot to Hackney through Brick-Lane, about ^ a mile 
long, and dined with Mr. Tho. Glover his Son, Read, 
Thompson, their wives, Mr. French, and several Grand- 
children. Eat part of two Lobsters that cost 3. 9*^ apiece, 
7' : 6'.' both. 

[The following entries are on a fly-leaf of the English journal :] 

April 20, 1689. Mr. Thomas Gooding would be glad 
to see me at Pifior. 

Disposal of Revolution, the Duz. [dozen] Capt. Hutchin- 
son deliver'd me this day, July 3. 1G89 [when in London]. 

To Dr. Aiiesley One. 

To Mr. Layfield One. 

To Cousin Allen 1. 

To Mr. Gilbert of Oxf. ) 
and Mr. Dauson . ) 

To Dr. Grew of Coventry .... 1. 

To Mrs. Tuckey, ^V^arwick , 1. 

To Madam Horsraau 1. 

Piccadilly 

To Mr. Goldwire, Baddesly, Hampshire 1. 

To Mr. Alsop 1. 

Keep one for my self 1. 

To Dr. Nehemiah Grew 1. 

To Mr. Goodwin 1. 

To Cousin Tho. Duiner, Portsm" 1. 

April 24. Writt to Dr. Grew, inclosing my Psalm-Book, 
in Turkey-Leather, and 4 of Mr. Cotton Mather's Sermons.' 
Paid Cous. Hulls Bookseller in full, 15.6. and 2? for Past- 
ing and Cover of my Gazetts. Went this day to White- 

1 Up to this time, Cotton Mather had published but four sermons; viz., 
two in 1086, one each in 1GS7 and 1688. The latter two were " Right 
Thoughts in Sad Hours: on the death of a First-Born," and "Early Piety 
exemplified in the Life of his Brother, Mr. Xathaniel Mather, witli Several 
Sermons. " Probably the latter was the one which Sewall distributed. — Eds. 



1689.] DIARY OF SAIMTEL SEWALL. 251 

Hall to attend the Earl of Shrewsbury about New England : 
are referred to Friday next. 

April 23. With Mr. Mather waited on the Lord Whar- 
ton,' and Sir Edward Harly. 

London, April 26, 1689. 

Honoured Sir, Hat in Hand,'^ &c, Necessity puts men upon hard 
Shifts to find out some pretence or other for making their addresses 
to those from whom they may expect relief. There was Capt. John 
Hull, of Boston in N. E., Avith whom in his life-time you had some 
Correspondence by way of Merchandize. He died in Sept. 1683, 
leaving a Widow and a Daughter, who is my wife ; by whom I had 
an Estate that miglit afford a competent Subsistence according to 
our manner of living in N. E. But since the vacating of the Char- 
ter, and erecting a Government by Commission, the Title we have to 
our Lands has been greatly defamed and undervalued : which has 
been greatly prejudicial to the Inhabitants, because their Lands, which 
were formerly the best part of their Estate, became of very little 
value, and consequently the Owners of very little Credit. Sir, I am 
glad that you are returned again to England, to your Country, Pos- 
sessions, and dear Relations, and to a Seat in Parliament. I hope 
your former Distresses will help you to sympathise with others in the 
like condition. I, and several besides me, are here far removed fi'om 
our Wives and Children, and have little heart to goe home before 
some comfortable settlement obtained, whereby we might be secured 
in the Possession of our Religion, Liberty and Property. I am in- 
formed some favorable Votes have been passed in the House of Com- 
mons, wherein X. E. was mentioned. I intreat your forwarding of 
such Votes as you have Opportunity, in doing which you will be a 
Partner with God, Who is Avont to be concerned in relieving the 
Oppressed. I shall not take up more of your time from your mo- 
mentous Em])loyments. My hearty Service presented to you, I take 
leave, who am, Sir, your humble Servant, 

Sam. Sewall. 



1 This was Philip, Lord Wharton, a staunch friend to Xew England, 
" renowned as a distributor of Calvinistic tracts and a patron of Calviuistic 
divines," father of the notorious Thomas, Earl and Marquis of Wharton. — 
Eds. 

■^ Under date of August 8 following, Sewall says he is " with Mr. Edward 
Hull [his cousin], at the Hat in Hand, &c." This may have been either tha 
shop sign of a hatter or a dealer in peltries, or it may have marked a coffee- 
house. — Eds. 



252 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

Above is Copy of my Letter to Tho' Papillon, Esq.^ 

April 25. "Writt to my Unlde Ste. Dummer. Sent the 
News of yesterday's Acts. Sent John Heifford" and Mr. 
Taylor's Letters. 

April 27. Mr. Dauson introdnced me, and I visited 
Mrs. Beck, Mr. Dauche's Daughter, and her daughter, and 
Madam Horsman, formerly Dulcibella Dunch, and her 
daughter, near fifteen years old : hath also a Son, and 
buried two Children. Hath been a widow above ten 
years. Lives in John's Street in Piccadilly near Jacob's 
Well. 

April 29. went to Greenwich with Mr. Mather, Whiting, 
Brattle, Namesake : Supped at the Bear. Went through 
the Park to Mr. John Flamsted's, who shewed us his In- 
struments for Observation, and Observed before us, and 
let us look and view the Stars through his Glasses. 

April 30. Come to Deptford, where breakfast with 
Cheescakes : from thence to Redriff upon the River's 
Bank, where Dr. Avery's Cousin had us to a Gentleman 
who showed us many Rarities, as to Coins, Medals, Natu- 
ral and artificial things : from thence by water to Tower- 
Stairs, about 10 o'clock. 

^ Thomas Papillon, M. P. This gentleman can hardly be other than the 
eminent merchant of London, recorded in Bm-ke's " Landed Gentry." He 
was son of David P., of Lubenham, county Leicester, grandson of Thomas P., 
a Frenchman by birth, and a Huguenot i-efugee. The Thomas of the text 
was a member of several Parliaments from Dover and London. We presume 
he also sat for New llomney, as one of the Barons of the Cinque Ports. He 
died in 1702, leaving a son Philip, M. P. for Dover, who died in 1730. A 
son of the latter was David Papillon, born 1691, died 1762, from whom are 
descended the Papillons of Acrisse, county Kent. 

Peter Papillon was of Boston, says Savage, in 1679, and in 1722 had com- 
mand of a ship employed against pirates on the coast. An injudicious refer- 
ence to him caused the prosecution of James Franklin and the suspension of 
the " Xew England Courant." 

He had a son Peter, born March, 1681, who died in 1733, leaving a large 
estate and a widow, Catherine, who died before Aug. 13, 1735. John Wol- 
cott, of Salem, and George Gibbs were sons-in-law, and the daughters Kath- 
arine, Martha, and Mary were probably the only heirs. Yet a Benjamin P 
was one of the subscribers to Prince's " Chronology " in 1736. — Eds. 



1689.] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 253 

April 29. In the morn saw the Westminster Scholars; 
3 of them made Orations in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, before 
the Dean and Delegates. Cambridge Delegates sat now 
on the right hand, for they take turns. Sub-Dean also 
had an Epistle ; as did the Dean and Delegates. The grave 
Dr. Busby sat by. 

April 30. Queen's Birth-Day. Streamers, Flaggs, Guns. 
Writ to Mrs. Dulcibella Horsman, inclosed Mr. Cotton 
Mather's Sermons bound up in good Calv's Leather. 
Hat in Hand, &c. Spent 4.3*^ apiece in going to Green- 
wich. 

May the 2'? went with Capt. Hutchinson, and saw the 
Crown, Scepter, Armory, Mint, (none to see the Milling) 
Lions, Leopard. Visited Dr. Annesly. He entertained 
us standing in the Garden, we went not into the house ; 
carried Mr. Mather's Letter with us. April [May ?] 3. 
went to White-Hall, are referred till Monday. Went to 
the Glasshouse and visited INIr. Harwood in Prescot Street, 
Goodman's Fields. His wife speaks French. 

May 2. writt to Unkle Richard Duramer, transcribed 
Copenhagen. 

Mav 3. went to the end of Southwark toward Newino-- 
ton Butts ; as returned went into St. Mary Overies, saw 
the monument of Lockier,^ who died 1672, in the 72*^ year 
of his age. 

Sabbath, May 5, 1689. Went to Dr. Annesly's^ in little 
St. Helena's, with Capt. Hutchinson, w^here the Lord's 
Supper was administered. The Dr. went all over the 
Meeting first, to see who was there, then spake sonietliiug 
oi the Sermon, then read the words of Listitutiou, then 



^ One of the couplets in the inscription on Lockyer's monument is tlie 
following: — 

" His virtues and his pills are so well known. 
That envy can't confine them under stone." — Eos. 

' Dr. Samuel Annesley, noted among the ejected ministers. lie died ia 
169G. — Eds. 



254 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

prayed and eat and drunk himself, then gave to every one 
with his own Hand, droping pertinent Expressions. In 
our Pue said — Now our Spikenard should give its smell ; 
and said to me. Remember the Death of Christ. The 
Wine was in quart Glass Bottles. The Deacon followed 
the Dr., and when his Cup was empty filled it again : as 
at our Pue all had drunk but I, he filled the Cup and then 
gave it me ; said, as he gave it — must be ready in new 
Obedience, and stick at nothing for Christ. 

Tuesday, May 7*.^ went to Windsor, S^} Eaton, Hampton 
Court, and so home. 

Thursday, May 9, went to H. Court, to wait on the 
King and Council. Mr. Mather not there : ^ said he was 
feverish, yet I perceive was at Change. Sir Rob* Sawyer 
spake of the Quo Warranto in Charles the First's time, 
and supposed we had no Charter : asked if any had seen 
it. I said I had seen a Duplicate. Dr. Cox craved Day ; 
so are to appear agen next Thorsday, and just as we 
were going out, by Sawyer's means were called back, and 
then he spake of the Quo- Warranto for Misdemeanors, 
and we are ordered to attend the Attorney General with 
our Charter. As we came home were entertained by Mr. 
Stephen Mason with Cider, Ale, Oysters and a Neat's 
Tongue, being ten of us, or 11. This house is at Clap- 
ham, wherein Col. Bathe did dwell. 

May 10, writt to Mr. John Richardson of Bristow, that 
had paid Mr. Ive, <£10.16.7, for owners of Fidelity and 
£10.6.0, for my own proper account, as also, £1.6.3, for 
Mr. Peter Sergeant's proper account — £22.08.10. If any 
vessel get away from Bristow, give me a hint of it. If 



^ Inci'ease Mather had been in England for a year, seeking, first from 
James and then from William, a restoration of the Massachusetts charter. 
The reader is referred to the preface of the second volume of the Andros 
"Tracts" (Prince Society, Boston, 1869) for a detailed account of Mather's 
proceedings. We know that on the 26th of February, 1688-89, and on tha 
14:th of March, he had interviews with King "William. — Eds. 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 255 

any happen to goe before you can send to me, tell Mr. Ser- 
geant his N. E. friends and I were well this day. 

Satterday, May 1 1* Declaration of War against France 
comes out. 

Sabbath, May 12, Capt. Hutchinson and I watched with 
Mr. Wharton at his Sister Pack's in Kirby Street, Hat- 
ten Garden. Monday morn, May 13, heard Mr. Read 
preach. 

Tuesday, May 14*^, Mr. Richard Wharton dyes about 
10 post meind} He rid to Town the Wednesday before in 
order to goe to Hampton-Court last Thorsday. Monday, 
May 6, was at Westminster pleading against Mr. Blath- 
wayt, in behalf of N. E. Mr. Brattle and I came down by 
water with him. Wednesday, May 15, went and dined 
with Fish at Capt. Kelly's upon Mr. Partrige's Invitation. 
Capt. Hutchinson, Clark, Apple ton, Brattle, Hull, in com- 
pany. Went to a Garden at Mile End and drunk Currant 
and Rasberry Wine, then to the Dog and Partrige's, and 
plaid Nine Pins. At the house a Souldier was shot by his 
drunken companion the night before. Sir Samuel Dash- 
wood has by the Poll 1000 and odd, and Sir W? Ashurst 
] 700 and odd, for a Citizen to sit in Parliament. Mr. 
Perry has a new maid come, called Anne, from Chichester. 

Thorsday, May 16, went to the Old Bailey, the Court 
was holden by Pilkinton, Mayor, Lord Chief Justice Holt, 
Lord Chief Justice Pollixfen, Chief Baron Atkins, and 7 
more Judges. Sat till 3 o'clock, in which time the London 
Jury returned and brought in four Verdicts, which they 
were charged with at once. 



1 Mr. Wharton was of Boston, and married Bethia Tyng and Sarah Ilic^- 
ginson. He was largely interested in the Pejepscot purchase, but died poor, 
as his brother-in-law, John Higginson, wrote (^Nlass. Hist. Soc. Coll., Sd 
ser., VII. 198). He was of Andros's Council, but opposed him, and thus 
was visiting London at this time. 

It may be mentioned that he used a seal bearing the arms of the, Whartons 
of Yorkshire, a branch of which family was ennobled, as before noted. — 
Eds. 



256 DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

May 18, goe to Hampton Court in company of Capt. 
Hutchinson and Jo. Appleton ; Mr. Mather, Sir Sam. Tom- 
son, Mr. Whiting, and Mr. Joseph Tomson ridd in another 
Coach. Cost 2P apiece, besides money to the Drivers. 
Were dismissed sine Die. Mr. Ward and Hook our Coun- 
cil. Entertain Mr. Humphrys too. Just now about a 
virulent Libel ' comes out against N. E., the day Mr. Whar- 
ton was buried. 

Monday, May 20. Meet to answer the Print, and in 
the evening another accosts us, called an abstract of our 
repugnant Laws, full of Untruths almost as the former. 
To comfort me when got home, met with a Letter from 
my dear Brother, by the way of Bilbao, dated the 12 
March ; all friends and my wife and Children well, but 
New En":land bleedino*. 

May 21, writt to Mr. Flavell of our N. E. Affairs. Writt 
of the 20"' to Cousin Bean and Cous. Nath. Enclosed in 
a packet ^ Hundred of Mr. Cotton Mather's funeral Ser- 
mons. 

May 22. writt to Uncle Nath. to tell him of my Broth- 
er's Letter from N. E., dated March 12, and of the Ser- 
mons sent to be left at Cousin Bean's ^9e?' Waldern. Cous. 
Nath, give him two. 

May 23. Green Goose Fair. Agreed to pay, as Cous. 
Hull does, for being trimmed by the Quarter. Beghi to- 
day. 

Monday, May 27. Saw the Dutch Embassadors make 
their public Entrance. Came up through Crouched Fri- 
ars, were about 50 Coaches, with Six Horses apiece, besides 
Pages on foot, and youths on Ilorsback. The main streets 
thwacked with people, and yet little miss of people in Fen- 
Church and Lumbard Streets. 

1 This was doubtless the pamphlet called " Considerations," &c., to sliow 
that the charters of the colonies were taken away for good cause, which is 
printed in the third volume of the " Andros Tracts." Mather wrote a 
rejoinder. — Eds. 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 257 

May 30*^ went to the Funeral of Mr. Agust,^ Non-conf. 
Minister, who used to preach on the Sabbath where Mr. 
Alsop ^ keeps his Lecture. Hath left some Thousands to a 
little Daughter of 2 or 3 years old. Buried at St. Giles' 
Church from the 3 Compasses, Kirby Street, Ilatten Gar- 
den, Dr. Gilbert principal Bearer. 

May 31. Went to Mr. Papillon to speak to him in be- 
half of N. E., who entertains me candidly, and promises 
to promote our Interest, and would have me take off [dis- 
suade] those who may think contrarily. May 31. Is a 
Fast kept at Dr. Annesly's : they began with singing and 
sang 4 or 5 times. After all, had a Contribution. When 
came home, found a Letter from Cousin Quinsey, giving 
an account of the Health of my Wife, Children and 
friends, on the 26 March. Came by Woodbery from 
Bristow. Five Ministers exercised, Mr. Kentish, Dr. 
Annesly, Mr. Sclater, Mr. Franklin, Mr. Williams [all 
probably ejected ministers]. Four first wear their own 
Hair. 

June 1. Writt to Cous. Hull for the last at Portsmouth. 
Writt to Unkle Stephen Dummer acquainting him with 
our friends welfare, March 26. 

June 3, 1689. Capt. Hutchinson, Mr. Brattle and I 
went to Xewington to visit Mr. Saltonstall, at his son-in- 
law Ilorsey's. I gave him two of Mr. Cotton Mather's 
Sermons. As came home saw one Elisabeth Nash, born 
at EnfioUl, about 25 Years old, just aljout Three foot high, 
not the breadth of my little finger under or over. Her 
Hands show Age more than anything else. Has no Brcsts. 
By reason of her thickness and weight can goe l)ut very 
sorrily. Can speak and sing but not very convonienth'. 



^ Probably Ben jiira In Agus. an ejected minister. lie "wrote an hand- 
some sheet," in vindication of Xon-conforniity. — Ens. 

2 Mr. Vincent Alsop. an ejected minister, " preached once in tli<! Lord's 
Day, and had a Thursday Lecture, and was one of tlie six Lecturers at Pin- 
ner's ILill." — Eds. 

17 



258 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1089. 

because her Tongue is bigger than can be well stowed in 
her Mouth. Blessed be God for my Stature, unto which 
neither I, nor my Dear Mother, my Nurse, could add one 
Cubit. 

June 4. Green Hastings, i. e. Pease, are cry'd at 6'^ a 
Peck, in little carts. Cous. Hull, Mrs. Perry and Bedford 
come from Portsmouth. I meet them at the Cross Keys 
in Gracious Street. 

June 10*^ Gave the Ch. Wardens of Cree-church, for 
the relief of the Protestants of Ireland, four Crowns — 
£1.0.0. Writt to Richard Cornish copies of Mr. Tho. 
Read's Bonds, and the Affidavit by Bant, for fear of mis- 
carriage, that so he might understand how his business 
lay and not be cheated out of his Money by his Unkle. 
Cousin Robert iVndrews brings me a Letter from my 
Cousin of Swathling, his Mother-in-Law. Dines with us 
on a good Line of Veal and Strawberries. 

June 11. Green Hastings are cry'd for a Groat [four- 
pence] a peck. 

June 12. Went and dined w^ith Cous. Allen, with Beans, 
Bacon, and a very good Line Veal roasted. Beans 5'^ a 
Quart. Cous. Sarah played on her Flute. Cous. Atwell 
sings well. 

June 13. Last nio-ht dreamed of Mr. Adams. We siarn 
a Petition for leave to goe home. Write to Unkle Dum- 
mer to tell him he must come up to London, if he will 
make a Letter of Attorney for N. England. 

June 15. Being at Mrs. Calvin's alone in a Chamber, 
while they were getting ready dinner, I, as I walked 
about, began to crave a Blessing, and when went about 
it remembered my Cloaths I had bought just before, and 
then it came into my mind that it was most material to 
ask a blessing on my Person : so I mentally pray'd God 
to bless my Flesh, Bones, Blood and Spirits, Meat, Drink 
and Aparrel. And at Dinner, paring the Crust of my 
Bread, I cut my Thumb, and spilt some of my Blood, 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 259 

which word I very unusually, or never before, have used 
in prayer to my present remembrance. 

June 16. Last night I dreamed of my Wife, and of 
Father Hull, that he had buried somebody, and was pres- 
ently intending to goe to Salem. 

June 20*^ Writ to Cousin Stoeke, answering his of the 
10*^ i?ist. Last Sabbath day night dreamed of the death 
of my dear Wife, which made me very heavy. 

June 20. Went to hear Mr. Alsop, where, in the utter 
[outer] part I saw Madam Horsman, who spake very 
kindly to me. About 10, mane, I visited Mr. Nathan! 
Mather, who lives now in Fan[Fen]-Church Street. Betty 
Ward and her husband visit us June 24. Eat and drink at 
the 3 Tuns. Mr. Burfort visits us. 

June 25. The Statue of Edward the first is set up on 
the Royal Exchange. See Mr. Lake. 

Wednesday, June 26. Mr. Mather, his Son, Cousin 
Hull and self, set out for Cambridge, 45 miles : got 
thither by 7 o'clock, with one set 4 Horses. Lay at the 
Red Lion in Petit Curie. 

Thorsday, June 27, Mr. Littel, Fellow of Eiiianuel Col- 
ledge, shows us the Gardens, Walks, New Chapel, Gallery, 
Library of the Colledge, in it a Bible MS. of Wickliffe's 
Translation. Mr. John Cotton and Hooker had been Fel- 
lows, as appeared by Tables hanging up. Dr. Preston, 
Head of it. The Street where it stands is called Preach- 
er's Street, from Black Friars formerly resident there. 
Note. Said Fellow had in 's Chamber, Sir Ro2:er Le Strauire, 
Jesus Salvator and K. Charles, 2'^ hanging up together. 
Saw St. John's Collcdg, which stands by the River. Hath 
a good Library and many Rarities, among M'liich was a 
petrified Cheese, being about half a Cheese. Trinity 
Colledge is very large, and the new" Case for the Library 
very magnificent, paved with marble checkered black and 
white ; under, stately walk on brave stone ; the Square 
very large, and in midst of it a Fountain. In the Hall 



260 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

many Sparrows inhabit, which is not known of any Hall 
beside. At meal-Times they feed of Crums, and will ap- 
proach very near Men. King's Colledge Chapel is very 
stately. Went on the top of the inward Stone Roof, and 
on the top of the outward Lead-Roof, and saw the Town, 
and Ely about 10 miles off. Below, on the side, under 
little Arches, is the Library. Mr. Littel dined with us at 
our Lm : had a Legg Mutton boiled and Colly-Flowers, 
Carrets, Rosted Fowls, and a dish of Pease. Three Musi- 
cians came in, two Harps and a Violin, and gave us Mu- 
sick. View the Publick Library, which is in form of an L, 
one part not fil'd with books, some vacant shelves to be- 
speak Benefactors. Saw the Divinity School over which 
the Regent House is. The School fair and large. Public 
Acts are kept in St. Marie's Church, over against which 
the Schools are. Just before nicrlit our Landladie's Son 
had us along Bridge-Street, and shewed us Sidney-Colledg 
as I take it, and be sure Masrdalen Colledo- on the other 
side of the River, on which side there is none but that. 
Went to the Castle-Hill, whore is a very pleasant Prospect, 
the Prison and Sessions House just by, which is very or- 
diuarv, like a Cow-House. Cattell having free eo;ress and 
regress there. Gallows just by it in a Dale, convenient 
for Spectators to stand all round on the rising Ground. 
Then went [ in Trumpington Street, which with this 
makes a ]]]^ Most of the Colled ges stand on Trump- 
ington Street, | and the oldest of all, Peter House, next 
to Trumpington. I saw the Chapel in the outside of 
which 'tis said There was a great deal of Rome in a little 
Chapel : but Mr. Mompesson, Cousin's friend, not being 
within, saw not the Inside. 'Tis a small Colledixe. St. 
Maries is a fair Church. In sum Cambridge is better 
than it shows for at first; the meanness of the Town- 
buildings, and most of the Colledges being Brick. 

June 28. Mr. Harwood and I step'd out and saw" Queen's 
Colledge, wdiich is a very good one, in the Garden a Dial 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 2G1 

on the Ground, Hours cut in Box. The River has there 
also a quicker Stream, being a httle below the Mill : have 
several Bridges to go over to their Groves. Over against 
it stands Katherine Hall, the New Buildings of which are 
some of the goodliest in Cambridge. By it, the Printing 
Room, which is about 60 foot long and 20 foot broad. 
Six Presses. Had my Cousin Hull and ray name printed 
there. Paper windows, and a pleasant Garden along one 
side between Katherine Hall and that. Had there a Print 
of the Combinations. As came Homewards, saw Audley 
Inn, or End. I can't tell which is the right name. 'Tis 
a stately Palace. Din'd at Safron-Walden : went out and 
saw the Safron Roots, which are Ten Shillings a Bushel, 
about an Acre might yield an hundred pounds and more. 
Were just dugg up to be planted at Abington, a little 
place not far off. Have a fair Church. I writt out the 
Lord Audley's Epitaph. Went into the Vault and saw 
the Earl of Suffolk's Coffin, who died January last : stands 
on Tressels, and may see it in the outside at the Grate. 
Outside is black Velvet, and a small plate of Coper, telling 
time of 's Death : rest is garnish'd. Lodg'd at Hockerred, 
pertaining to Bishop-Stafford. In the even, Mr. Sam. 
Mather and I viewed Trisday's Well and Castle Hill. 
Set out on Satterday, about 4 mane, breakfasted at Eping. 
Got to Mr. Croper's about Eleven aclock. He keeps a 
Coffee House. While Mr. Mather read the Votes I took 
Thorsdays Letter and read the News of Boston, and then 
gave it Mr. Mather to read. We were surpris'd witli joy. 
At Change Capt. Hutchinson shew'd me Capt. Byfield's 
Letter, which comes by Toogood. They had the News on 
Chauii-e that day we went to Cambridti:e.' 

Julv 1. Writt to Cousin John Duiirier bv Waldeu, the 



1 The joyful news was, of course, the revokition at Boston and the ilown- 
fall of Anilros. Xathaniel Byfield's account tliereof was lirensi'il June "27, 
1680, and printed at once by Kic. Chiswell, in Loudon. It is printed iu 
" Andros Tracts," Vol. I. — Eds. 



262 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

"Waggoner, inclosing four of the N. E. Revolutions ; one 
to Winchester, one to Bishop-Stoke, one to Southhampton, 
and one to Rumsey. Paid him a Groat. Thej come out 
publickly this day, by the Hawkers. 

London, July, 2. 1689. 

Hon'd Sib, I have just now read the noble Petition of the Citi- 
zens of London, in the Coiiion Hall assembled, the 24* past, whereby 
I hope the honorable Comons of England will be eifectually moved 
to expedite the Bill for restoring Corporations to their Ancient 
Rights and Priviledges, in doing which I am very glad that yourself 
is so ready to bear a part. I have met with a Letter written to the 
Queen when Princess of Orange, in behalf of New England, which I 
intreat yourself and Lady to accept of, from, Sir, your humble Ser- 
vant, S. S. 

To Tho. Papillon, Esq. 

July 2, 1689. Writt to Mr. Zech. Tuthill, of Yarmo th. 
Thanked him and his Sister for their good Company in the 
America. Enclosed N. E. Revolution, Guild Hall Petition, 
June 24, and 8 of Mr. Kick's Letters to the Queen. Send 
by the Coach, Rich'd Oal^man. 1^ 6'? 

July 4, 1689. Copy of a Letter to Dr. Obadia Grew, 
at Coventry. 

Honoured and Dear Sir, My Countrymen and dear Friends in 
New England, being animated, as I hope, by the S])irit of Life from 
God, have endeavour'd to write after your Copy here in Englnnd, 
which I counted myself oblig'd to give you an account of, and have 
accordingly inclos'd it, earnestly entreating your Prayers that God 
would establish the work of their hands upon them, and give them 
Light and Direction for every step they have to take. We have 
some hopes of getting home before winter. The dangers of tlie Pas- 
sage are now multiplied. I crave your Remembrance of us that Ave 
may be preserved from them all, and carried securely to Boston, or, 
however, to a better Haven, if that be denied, even to Heaven, wliich 
Avill be the more so to me by reason of meeting yourself there. One 
of our New-England Gentlemen died the 14"' of May last, here in 
Town. The Survivors are in good health. Pray, Sir, present my 
Service to Mr. Briant, Mr. Blower, and my Namesake, your Assist- 
ant, to Mr. King and your own fomily. Accept the same to your 
self from him who is your obliged friend. I have inclos'd the Noble 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 263 

Petition of the Londoners, the answere of which we are waiting for, 
New England being much concern'd in 't. Inclosed also Mr. Kick's 
Letter to the Queen. 

Hat in hand, Sam. Sewall. 

Writt yesterday to Dr. Tho. Gilbert of Oxford, enclosing 
the Print of N. E. Resurrection, and Mr. Kick's Letter. 

July 4, Writt to Mrs. Hannah Tuckey, of Warwick, en- 
closing a Print of the Revolution in New England, four 
of Mr. Cotton Mather's Sermons, and Mr. Kick's Letter 
to the Queen.^ Hat in hand. 

July 6, '89. 
To Mr. Tho. Goodwix, 

Sir, Capt. Brookhaven did a pretty while since signify to me a 
desire you had to see me at Pinor [Pinner?], wliich is to me very 
obliging, who am a Stranger in this Land. I liope before my return 
I may have an Oportunity to pay you a Visit. 'Tis little is here to be 
done, and yet for all that I find it inconvenient to be out of the way, 
one thing or other presenting of a sudden, wherein we that are here 
count it our Duty if we can in anything assist Mr. Mather. I have 
inclosed a printed account of what has lately hapend in Xew England, 
which I would fain hope is their Resurrection, and not a precluding 
of it only. AVhat is there transacted seems to be well resented [re- 
garded] at Court, and the King promises to doe wliat is in His power 
towards restoring our Liberties. If you come to Town, I should be 
glad to see you on the N. E. Walk, or at my Chamber. Desiring 
your Prayers that all things may work together for Good, respect- 
ing N. E. and me, I take leave, who am, Sir, your obliged friend and 
Servant, S. S. 

Hat in hand, &c. Peny Post.^ 

June 5, 1689. Cousin Hull comes in with a Counte- 
nance concern'd, and tells me sad News for me, which was 



1 This letter from Abraham Kick to Queen Mary is dateil Ffb. 1, liSSD. 
It was incor]^x)rated into the " Brief Relation of the State of New Eii^'laiid," 
which Mather published soon after this (licensed July 30, ltJ8!J), and will bo 
found in the first volume of " Audros Tracts." — Eus. 

^ The provision for a complete system of a penny i>ost was not made- by 
the English government until 1711. The convenience of wliich Scwali availed 
himself was that of a private enterprise, devised in IdS-J ly an upholsterer 
named Murray, who soon made it over to one Dockwra. — Eds. 



264 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1089. 

that had rated me as a Merchant, £10.0.0. 'Tis inconven- 
ient, but I wish I hear no worse news. 

June 7. Goe and hear Mr. Stretton, and sit down with 
him at the Lord's Super. He, invites me to diner. Text, 
Hosea, 2. 14. Before Sermon read the 32 Psahn, the 50'^'' 
of Jeremiah, the 12'^ of Matthew. Had one plate of bread, 
about 5 Bottles of Wine, and two Silver Cups. At night 
about 10 aclock, a great fire breaks forth in Mincing Lane. 
I was hardly asleep between 10 and 11, before there was 
a sad Alarm and Nojs of Carrs to carry away Goods. A 
Woman lately brought to Bed was fain to be remov'd to 
another House. I went and sat a little while with Mr. 
Mather in Fan [Fen] Church Street. 

July 8. Went with Mr. Brattle and swam in the 
Thames, went off from the Temple Stairs, and had a 
Wherry to wait on us : I went in in my Drawers. I think 
it hath been healthfull and refreshing to me. 

July 9. Cousin Brattle, his wife and Daughter, Mrs. 
Shinkfield, Mr. Crossman, were invited to Diner by Cous. 
Hull. Afterward, He and I went to Stepney, saw Thomas 
Saffin's Tomb/ one end of 't joins to the wall. 50^ was 

1 Thomas SafFm was the son of John Saffin, of Boston. His epitaph is as 
follows (N. E. Hist, and Gen. llegister, IV. 109) : — 

" Here Thomas SafRn lies interred: why? 
Born in New England, did in London die; 
Was the tiiird son of eight, begat upon 
His mother Martha, by his father John : 
Much favour'd by his Prince, he 'gan to be, 
But nipt by death at the age of twenty-three: 
Fatal to hiui was that we small-pox name, 
By which his mother and two brethren came 
Also to breathe their last, nine years before, 
And now have left their father to deplore 
The loss of all his children with his wife 
Who was the joy and comfort of his life. 

Deceased June 18, 1G87." 

This epitaph is copied and commented upon in the " Spectator," Xo. 518, 
for Oct. 24, 1712.— Eds. 



1G89.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 265 

given for the Ground. Tis a very large burying-place. 
Were to be ten buried this night : we saw several Graves 
open and the Bones thick on the Top. Saw a Bowling 
Green where is 3 or 4 Sets of Bowls. The Lord help me 
aright to improve my Flesh, Bones and Spirits, which are 
so soon to become useless, and it may be expos'd in one 
part or other of God's Creation. 

Wednesday, July 10'''. Between 12 and 1 it grows 
very dark, thunder, Lightening and Rain, much like a 
N. E. Thunder Shower : but the Thunder not so sharp. 

July 12. This day two stood in the Pillory before the 
Royal Exchange for speaking against the Government. 
Shears was one. They were exceedingly pelted with dirt 
and Eggs. Another, that stood for forgery, had none 
thrown at him that I took notice of. Cousin Hull star- 
tied me again this day in the even, saying with a con- 
cern'd Countenance, there was bad News for me, wliich 
was, that mv Suit of Cloaths was in dano-er of beino- Moth- 
eaten. Treated John Rawson at the Clubb to day. He 
belongs to the Pearl Frigot, a 5'^ Rate, 30 odd Guns. 

Monday, July 15*^. I rid to Tyburn, and saw Eighteen 
Persons, 16 Men and 2 Women, fall. They were unruly 
in the Prison, which hasten'd the Execution. Din'd in 
Great Russell Street, view'd the House and Walks of Lord 
Montao;ue : then ridd to Hemsted. Moutasrue House makes 
a goodly Shew that way. Hempsted is a most sweet and 
pleasant place for Air and shady Groves. Bought the 
Gazett there. From thence ridd to Hiti;hg;:ate, which is 
about a Mile. There drank at the Crowai, and then came 
home by Islington. Then went to the funeral of ^Ir. 
Loves, formerly an Assistant to Dr. Owen. Was buried 
in a Grave near the Dr.'s Tomb. A pretty many Men 
and Women there. Was carried from Armorers Hall in 
Coleman Street to the new burying Ground. 

July 16. Saw London Artillery Couipauy pass by about 
2 aclock. Most had Buff Cloaths and Feathers in their 



266 DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

Hats. Marched 5. 6. 7. and Eight in a Rank. The Pikes. 
Had Musick besides the Drums. 

July 17. Mr. Mather, on Change, told Capt. Hutchinson 
and Sam. Apleton that he had put in their Names as Wit- 
nesses to Sir Edmund's [Andros] raising Money without 
an Assembly. Aske'd where was Capt. Hutchinson. I 
shewed and went with him to him, and Mr. Mather ask'd 
him to be at Westminster at such a time, but said not a 
word to me. Afterwards I went home, and then went to 
Mr. Whiting's and told him that I could testify, and Mr. 
Walker that collected the Money was in Town. He seem'd 
little to heed it, and said I might be there : he knew not 
that I could testify : but he seems plainly to be offended, 
and for my part I can't tell for what. A Monetli or two 
agoe Mr. Mather spake something about it, and I said I 
could not tell whether 'twere so convenient then, because 
we hop'd every day for the Parliament Act to come forth, 
and thought Sir Edmund might have friends there, and 
such a thing as this might make them more desperately 
eger to hinder the Bill. But now the Bill is even de- 
spair'd of, and our friends in N. E. are in for Cakes and Ale, 
and we must doe all we may and swim or sink with them. 

July 18, 1689. Sent Cousin Mary Atwell one of Mr. 
Flavell's Books to Toothill, a place about 7 miles off, where 
she is for the benefit of the Aer. Mrs. Katharine Norcott 
of Hogsden, widow, makes her Will on March 11"' 1683. 
Prov'd August 27, 1685. Mr. Tho. Rowe, John Eowe, 
and William Howe are Executors. In the Will is this 
Clause. — Item. To my dear Kinswoman Mrs. Jane 
Poole, in Boston, in New England, five pounds, if she be 
living, if not, I give it unto her Son Theophilus.^ — Mr. 

^ Theophilus Pool was probal)ly that son of William Pool of our Dorches- 
ter, born in 1660, and brother of the Bethesda Pool, mentioned ante, p. 33. 

The father is ci"edited with being the founder, with his sister Elizabeth 
Pool, of om- Taunton. 

Savage says that nothing is known of Theophilus, but his brother John 
•was a prominent merchant of Boston. — Eds. 



1689.] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 267 

Thomas Rowe, who shewed me the Will and executes it, 
lives in Ropemakers Alley in Morefields. Capt. Hutchin- 
son, Mr. Sam. Apleton and I went to Westminster to give 
an Evidence for N. E., but there was not an oportunity. 
So must wait on Mr. Mather again another time. Writt 
to my Unkle Stephen, thank' d him for his Love, of which 
I was unworthy, will come down if I can. Writt him the 
News of the Gazett and the burial of Mr. Loves. 

July 19. I was in the Shop to read a Print Cousin Hull 
had took in about Ireland, and Madam Owen and Madam 
Usher passed by, so I invited them and they kindly came 
up to my Chamber. I treated them with a Glass of good 
Cider. Gave Madam Owen one of Mr. Cotton Mather's 
Sermons, the Revolution of N. E., and Mr. Kick's Letter. 
Advis'd with Mr. Mather about Mrs. Pool's Legacy. He 
would remit the Money by Bill of Exchange, if it were to 
Him. 

July 21. Went in the afternoon to Stepney, and heard 
Mr. Lawrence. He fears the Clouds returning after the 
rain as to Antichristian powers. His heart much upon 
the 1000 years. Something in this Sermon, and I per- 
ceive by them that know : few Sermons without. Gives 
notice that Mr. Crouch, the Minister, dead, and will be 
buried tomorrow, 5 aclock, from Armorour's Hall. Sat 
with Mr. Paice. 

July 23. The White Regiment marches into the x\rtil- 
lery Ground, of which the Lord Mayor is Colonel, and so 
they have the Preeminence. Consist of Eight Companies, 
14 or 15 hundred in the whole, perhaps. Some had Silver 
Head-pieces : Mr. Layfield for one. 

July 24. Benj. Ilallawell visits me. I give him my 
frize Coat, and Right Thoughts, bound with Mr. N. M.'s 
[Nath. Mather's] Life. 

Wednesday, July 24. Dine at Cous. Brattles, in com- 
pany of Cous. Brattle, his Wife, Cous. Hull, Mr. and Mrs. 
Perry, Mr. Crossman, Mrs. Shinklield, Cousin Mary, and 



268 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

a Gentlewoman of Farnum. Had a Dish of Bacon with 
Pitlgeons, Sauce, Beans and Cabbage. Then roast Veal. 
Tarts. After, walk'd with Mr. Brattle, Jener, Nicholson, 
Cooper, Breading, to Blackwall. View'd Sir Henry John- 
son's Dock, where the Ships ly afloat at Low water, the 
Gates keeping in the Water. A very great Ship building 
there now. From thence went on board the Mehetabel, 
and then on board the America, at Bugsby hole. So to 
Blackwall again, which has two little Streets like a Car- 
penters Square. Walk'd hom^. I fell down and hurt my 
right hand and left Legg on the Gravel. Standard out 
and Bells ringing for joy the Princes Anne is brought to 
Bed of a Son. 

July 25. I begun on Tuesday to drink Northall Waters 
by advice of Dr. Morton, ^°- Mana in the Water each 
morning. To day he adviseth me to leave off putting in 
Mana, and to hold on drinking the Water a week or fort- 
nio-ht. 

Satterday, July 27 Writt to my Wife, to go by Dartmo, 
Capt. Lewis advising that there was a vessel going to N. E. 
from thence. 

Monday, July 29, Standing in the Shop about 7. mane, 
Mr. John Usher comes to the door, which surpriseth me. 
Foy is at Pezans. Mr. Usher came to Town Satterday 
night. Sir William [Phips] and Lawson arriv'd ; all 
friends well. He knew not of his coming away till a 
day or two before. Is very confident, and hopes to be 
going home in seven weeks, or to be at home in little 
more than that time. I go and acquaint Mr. Mather, who 
had heard nothing of it. He hastens to tother end of the 
Town. The Lord save N. E. I spoke to Mr. Usher not 
to do harm, as knowing the great King we must finally 
apear before : because he spake of going to the King. 
King is proclaim'd at Boston. Mr. Cook had like to have 
been kill'd with a fall from his horse. This 29"' July the 
Jews have great joy by reason of a Priest come to Town 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 269 

in the Harwich Coach, they having not had one a long 
time. Mr. Ekins his Wife and Daughter here. 

July 31. N. E. Convention printed here, 500 Copies.^ 
Visited Mr. James, but found him not at home : Sat a 
little while with 's Daughter, but he came not in. Left 
Him N. E. Revolution and Convention. 

Aug. 1. News Letter. A Ship is arriv'd at Penzans in 
Cornwall, from New England, and reports that that Gov- 
ernment has in all their Tow^ns and Cities procl-aimed 
William and Mary their rlghtfuU Soveraigns, and caused 
all Processes of Law, and otherwise, to run in their Majes- 
ties Names, and are sending over two persons in the na- 
ture of Envoys, to have their Liberties confirmed and to 
pay fealty for the same. I read the above-written at 
Temple-Bar, at Cheapside and Algate, in the very same 
words. Capt. Hutchinson trails a Pike to day under his 
Cousin, in Sir Tho. Stamp's Regiment, the Green. His is 
the 3*^ Company — i.e, the 6^'', reckoning in the field 
officers. 

Aug. 3, 1689. Writt to my Wife by Dartmo, inclosing 
Thorsdays Gazett, this days Scotch Paper, telling of Gov. 
Bradstreet's Letter by Peck being come to hand from 
Berwick : though none from Foy, whoes Passengers have 
been in Town this week. Pay Mrs. Pole 6. 10. 0. for £5 
received here, Mrs. Norcott's hegticy, with abstract of the 
Will.^ Mr. Mather presents his Respects, and says tliat 
Sir Henry Ashurst told him the Country had put as much 
honour on him in sendinii: the Address to him as if the 
Emperour had made him his Envoy. Corporation Bill 

1 There can be no doubt tliat tliis was the tract ab-(\ady citoil, the '■ IJricf 
Relation of the State of New England," by Increase Mather. 'J'he lett^'r of 
Kick, which is printed in it, was probably also issued sej^arately fmin tho 
same types; and thus Sewall was supplied with the copies he mentions. — • 
Eds. 

2 These lines seem to be an abstract of Sewall's letter homewards, and the 
payments to Mrs. Pool in Boston would imply strongly that Theophilus wad 
dead. — Eds. 



270 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

sticks in the Birth. Mr. Ratcliff follows his business close. 
Capt. Nicholson, 'tis reported, will be Governour of New 
York. Many of us desirous to come home, but judge not 
fit to come without a Convoy. Service to Gov. Bradstreet, 
Mr. Willard, Moodey, thanks for their Labour of Love. 
Glad was a Fast at our House in April. Duty to Parents, 
Love to Brothers, Sisters, and to thee and our dear Qua- 
ternion.i S. H. E. J. 

Aug. 6. Writt to Cous. Quinsey by Faymouth, of Foy's 
Arrival and delivery of the Country's Letters. Writt to 
Eliakim to the same purpose. 

Aug. 7*? Went with Mr. Mather, Mr. Whiting, Mr. 
Samuel M. and Mr. William Whiting. Saw the Hall Chapel, 
Council Chamber, and some of the Lodgings of Chelsey, 
about 26 in one Gallery. Very lovely Cellar, two rows of 
Pillars that suport the uper floor. Saw the Physick Gar- 
den,^ and in it among other things, an Olive Tree, Orange 
Tree, Cortex Peruvianus. Cost about 20"; When was 
at Mr. Whiting's, Mr. Lobb^ came in and spake of hot dis- 
course in Council last Sabbath-day, about sending a Gov- 
ernour to N. E. Sir William Waller, to prevent others as 
he says, has petition'd to be Governour. 

Aug. 8. Writt to Cous. Nath. Duiner, inclosing Bro. 
Stephen's ; bid him send by the first Post any Letters he 
intends for New England because Ships just ready to sail. 
Writt to the Widow Brunton of Whitehaven, and to Mr. 
Robert Johnson of Dunfrey in Scotland that [they] would 
remit to Mr. Ive for my Account of Money [they] have 



^ The quaternion, S. H. E. J., was, of course, their four children then 
living; viz., Samuel, Hannah, Elizabeth, and Joseph. Four had also been 
born up to this date, who had died infants. — Eds. 

* The Garden for IMedical Plants was instituted at Chelsea in 1673 by the 
Company of Apothecaries. This was the basis of the subsequent extensions 
and improvements in the interest of medical botany made by the eminent 
Sir Hans Sloane, who brought Peruvian bark into general use. — Eds. 

^ Probably Richard Lobb, who married Nathaniel Mather's wife's sister. 
See Mather Papers, p. 468. — Eds. 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 271 

in their hands of Ketch Tryal, of which Mr. John Wins- 
low own'd I and I | : both made Mr. Ive our Attorney : 
Mr. Addington and Mr. Dan. Quinsey in my behalf, sup- 
posing I had been at Sea homeward bound, they being 
my Attorney : I aprove of the Person they have pitch'd 
on and intreat them to applj^ to him. Have been great 
Losers, having receiv'd nothing of Ketch or hire. Am 
with Mr. Edward Hull, at the Hat in Hand, within Algate, 
London. If I am gon he will give Mr. Ive the Letters 
sent first Post. 

Aug. 8. Writt to Mr. Zech. Tuthill inclosing a N. E. 
Convention. 

Aug. 9. Visited Madam Usher, Loyd, Harfield, Cous. 
Bridget, Madam Blackwell, and took my leave of them. 
Mr. Mather came in. 

Aug. 10. Writt to Mrs. Pole that I had received her 
Legacy given by Mrs. Katherine Norcott : send Acquit- 
tances. My hearty service to Mr. Stoughton. Gave her 
full Instructions as to the Will. Bant [shipmaster]. 

Aug. 10. Writt to my dear Wife enclosing Mr. Ma- 
ther's Receipt for £100, use of N. E. Bant. 

Aug. 11. Sung, or rather wept and chatter'd, the 142 
Psalm, in course. Mrs. Perry ill, kept her Bed yesterday. 

Tuesday, Aug. 13. Came with Capt. Hutchinson, Mr. 
Brattle, Partridge, Apleton from Salutation at Billingsgate 
to Woolige, where din'd with Mr. Sam. Allen : saw the 
King's Ropeyard and the Canon in the Waren. Ropoyard 
nine score paces long. From thence to Graves-End in the 
even. Went on board the America about 10 aclock. hurt- 
ing my shin against the end of a Chest going into the 
Cabbin, from which I supose in the night issued a pretty 
deal of Blood, and stain'd my Shirt, which startled me 
wlien rose in the morning at Graves-End, where I lodg'd 
with Mr. Brattle. 

Awj:. 14'!' Mr. Mather comes down, and chides us se- 
verely that none staid for Him, and seeing the Ship not 



272 DIARY OF SA3IUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

gone, goes to London again. I gave him my Letter by 
Cous. Hull, which had writt to inform him, not knowing of 
's coming, and beg'd his pardon, thinking I might be more 
servicable here and at Deal, than at London. 

Aug. 15. Write to Cons. Quinsey by Bant, with In- 
voice and Bill of Lading, Mr. Vaughan's Cheese, his and 
Bro. Sewall's Anotations : Wife's Stockings. Mr. Brattle 
and I ride to Chatham, dine at the Crown, see the Dock 
and 33 Spiners of Rope-yarn, goe on board the Britania, 
so to Sittingburn, lodge at the George : rains hard in the 
night. In the morn a good Ring of 6 Bells entertains us : 
no whether for the Ringers to work. 

Aug. 16. From Sittingburn to Canterbury in the Rain, 
dine at the Crown : Mr. Powell : send for Cou. Fissenden, 
his Sister dead since my being there, and my Landlady at 
the red Lion dead. Bought each of us a pair of Gloves of 
Mr. Chiever. From Canterbury to Sandwich with the 
Post. Sandwich a large place and wall'd about, 10 miles 
from Canterbury, in a very flat, level country ; Creek 
comes up to it. From thence to Deal 5 miles, built on 
the Beach. Land we ride over is call'd the Downs, and 
the Castle, Sand-Down Castle. Lodiz-e at the 3 Kinsrs. 
Mrs. Mary Watts, a widow, our Landlady. 

Satterday, Aug. 17. Goo to the new Meeting house that 
is buildino* for Mr. Larner^ in the 3'^ and lower street of 
Deal, towards the north end, which is, within the Walls, 
34 wide and 41 foot long : 2 Galleries, one at each end, 
of 4 Seats apiece. Roof is double with a Gutter in the 
middle : built with Brick covered with Tile. Went to see 
Sand-Down Castle : but a Coach was there to bring out a 
Corps. The little Sand-Cliffs and iiier Sand Hills, somtliiug 
like Plum Hand little hills, give name no Question to tliat 
part of the Sea now call'd the Downs. Deal is built be- 



1 Perhaps Eichard Lardner, father of the distinguished Dr. Xathaniel 
Lardner. Richard lived at Deal. See "Wilson, I. 89. — Eds. 



1GS9.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 273 

tween the 2 forlands, about 5 mile from the North-forland, 
3 parallel Streets, the upermost built on the very Beach, 
daring the Sea. 

Sabbath, Aug. 18. Hear Mr. Larner in a Barn. Mom 
read the 8"' Romans. 

Aug. 19. Mr. Brattle and I went and saw Deal and 
Strolume Church, about a mile off : the Church very old, 
but set off with a new brick Steeple. That part call'd 
old, and upper Deal, though some of the Ground between 
that and the very low Country, Houses and Gardens and 
Orchards almost all the way. 

Aug. 21. Mr. Mather and my Namesake come in a 
Coach from Gravesend. Intended to have gone to Pli- 
mouth : but the Plimouth Coaches full. 

Aug. 22. Writt to Eliakim by Clark inclosing a Bill of 
Lading, Invoice, and Copy of Cou. Hull's Note at Graves- 
end. 

Aug. 20. 22. Writt to Mr. Flavell, inclos'd to Cou. 
Hull. 

Aug. 23. Writt to my Unkle St. Duiiier, to take leave 
of him and friends in Hampshire from Deal. Writt to 
Mr. Zech. Tuthill, Mr. Perry, Cous. Hull. Exceter come. 
Exceter comes into the Downs. Mr. Mather, Bmttle, 
Namesake and Self goe abord the America. Call on Bant. 
Mr. Quarles dying there. 

Aug. 24. Mr. Mather, Mr. Sam! and Self visit Mr 
Larner, who desires Mr. Mather to preach for him to- 
morrow. 

Aug. 25. Mr. Mather preaches for Mr. Earner in the 
Afternoon. 

Auiz;. 26. Visit Mr. Larner. 

Aug. 27. Tuesday. Exceter sumons all aboard about 
4. p.m. Came to us in the Ship-Arbour, Mr. Lamin. 
Got aboard between G and 7. The shifting the wind was 
unexpected. No puljlick Prayer in the even. A'erv sore 
night for Thunder and Lightening. Were about to sail 

18 



274 DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

at midnight and the wind chopt about, and blew so hard 
that were glad to drop another Anchor again. 

Aug. 28. Mr. Mather reads the S** Matthew : reads the 
epistle out of my Testament. Prays. Boat comes aboard 
and brings Gazett signifying the Pope's Death [Inno- 
cent XI.]. 

Aug. 22-26. Enclos'd in Cou. Hull's to me. Mr. Ma- 
ther, Sam, Mr. Brattle and I came aboard first in a boat : 
gave 3® : Others came aboard in the night. 

Satterday, Sept. 14^^. Went on Board when the Ship 
under sail, but wind veer'd against us, so came again to 
Deal. 

Sept. 15. Sabbath-Day. Went aboard : the Fleet sail'd. 
Wind N. West, veer'd fairer and fairer : in the Night was 
much Lightening and loud Thunder. Exceter convoy. 
Sail by Dover, Folkston, Rumney. 

Monday, Sept. 16. is rainy, so can't well see the Land. 

Tuesd. Sept. 17. Come up with Portland, wind at north, 
or thereabouts, and very strong. We are almost the far- 
thest of all from the Shoar, and had lost the Exceter in 
the night : find her in the morning. Am ready to wish 
myself with Mr. Mather and my Namesake, recovering of 
the Small Pocks at Deal. After, sail with the Barclay- 
Castle, and on Wednesday morning, between 8 and 9. fair 
whether. Came to an Anchor in Plimouth Sound, tiro Tide 
being made strongest against us, and the wind but bare. 

Wednes. Sept. 18. About 6. p.m. the Ship being got up 
hiofher, we went ashoar. Mr. Brattle and I lodf2:'d toiretlier 
at the house of one Mr. John Jeiiings near the Key. Note. 
In coming up a Privateer fell foul of us, took off our An- 
cient-Staff, much discompos'd our wooden Guns, put Will's 
[Merry's] Thumb out of joint, and some other damage. 
Nf.L. [?] Convoy have an order not to goe, it being so 
late in the year. 

Sept. 20. Writ to Mr. Mather at Deal, and to Cousin 
Hull at London, to pay ten pounds to Anne Searle, in 



1689.] DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 275 

Meeting house Alley. She is a Widow, daughter to my 
Landlord, John Jennings, of whom I am to receive the 
Money in way of Exchange. 

Sabbath, Sept. 22. I goe and hear Mr. Jacobs. In the 
morn he reads the 39*'' of Jeremiah. Preach'd a funeral 
Sermon from 1 Thess. 4. 17. — and so shall we ever be 
with the Lord. Begun thus — One being lately dead who 
did belong to this Congregation, but now, we hope, is 
gone to a better. Afternoon read the 4"' John, and 
1 John 3. 19, was his Text: — The love of the Saints 
with its genuine effects and fruits, is a good Evidence of 
real syncere Christianity. 

Monday, Sept. 23. Last night Thundered for a great 
while together, rains this day. Many Souldiers march 
away to make room for D. Bolton's ' Regiment lately come 
hether by sea. Two Serjeants goe out of our house, and 
two other Souldiers come in. 

Sept. 24. Mr. Brattle, Dr. Edwards and I walk to 
Stonehouse, 1} Mile from Plimouth, a Causey thither. 
Visit Capt. Hutchinson and Mr. Partridge, who lodge 
there in a very mean Chamber. 

Sept. 25. Went with Mr. Bedford, who shewed us the 
Cittadel, and Sir Nicholas Staiiing, the Lieut. Governour, 
who gave order that he should have us into his hou.se, and 
then came in himself, and drank to us in a Glass of Ale, 
that beinsr the drink I chose and Mr. Brattle. Two Men 
were laid Neck and heels. In the afternoon went aboard 
and fetch'd ashoar my Trunk : Landlady's Brother and 
Daufjliter went with us. 

Sept. 2G. Went with Capt. Hutchinson, Brattle and 
Partridge to Milbrook in Cornwall, and there diuM well 
for 6'^ apiece. Went l)v the Beach and came home the 
uper Way by Maker Church, which is a large fair one 



^ Charles Powlftt, first Duke of liolton, 10S9, raised a reijinient of foot 
for the reduction of Ireland. — Eds. 



276 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1685. 

upon the Hill, and so a very good Mark for Seamen. Go 
over Crimble Passage to Mount Edgcomb. Milbrook is 
part in Devonshire and part in Cornwall. Dr. Edwards 
came after us, and overtook us coming home. Milbrook 
People goe to Maker Church. 

Friday, Sept. 27. Landlord receives a Letter from 's 
Daughter giving an Account of <£10, paid her for me by 
Cous. Hull, but I have no Letter from my Cousin. 

Sept. 28. Mr. Brattle and I walk out and see the Course 
of the Water brought by Sir Francis Drake, Aiio, 1591, 
as apears by an Inscription. We are told it is brought 
so winding about, that notwithstanding the Hilliness of 
the Country, no Troughs are used to carry it over Val- 
leys. Many very good Overshut Mills driven by it. Upon 
another Conduit is engnwen, Bedigit desertum inStagnwn,^ 
1593. It's brought 9 or 10 miles, from Ruper Down, de- 
riv'd from a River as one goes to Tavistock, coiTionly 
call'd Testick. 

Sept. 29. Sabbath. Heard Mr. Sherril [SherAvil] preach 
forenoon and afternoon, from the 11*"^ Isaiah, 6-9, verses; 
of the taming Men's Dispositions by the Grace of God. 

Sept. 30. Mr. Bedford invited Mr. Brattle and me to 
diner to Mr. Dracot's. Had a dish of Fowls and Bacon 
with Livers : a Dish of Salt Fish, and a Piece of Mutton 
reaching from the neck a pretty way of the back, the 
Ribs reaching equally from the back bone, Cheese and 
fruit : no Wine. This evenino; we are told that 4 Fricjots 
are come into the Sound which are to Convoy the Ships 
bound to the West Indies. 

Octob. 1. Receiv'd Letters from Cous. Hull and Mr. 
Mather about N. E. See one Mr. Tucker married at the 
New Church. 

Octob. 2. Hear a Stranger preach at Mr. Jacobs's from 



^ "He turnetli the wilderness into a standing water." Psalms cvii. 35. 
-Eds. 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 277 

Exod. 25. 15, from whence observ'd that God was not 
oblig'd to continue the Tokens of his favourable presence 
to any people. At the Fleece Capt. Clarke tells us that 
he hath this day put Six hundred weight of good Beef 
aboard, and what is there already is good. Make some 
essays to get Mr. Edwards again, but he seems resolv'd to 
the contrary. 

Oct. 3. Agree upon putting aboard 5 Shoats, fowls, &c.. 

Oct. 4. Write to Cous. Hull, which is at least my third 
Letter. Goe aboard the America : bring Will Merry ashoar. 
See the Ships in Catwater [the estuary of the river Plym], 
over against Onson Passage. Dr. Edwards goes aboard 
Capt. Weare, in order to leave us. 

Oct. 5. The Ships inward bound sail for London. Dr. 
Edwards in Weare. Went to Grimble [Cremil] Passage. 
Spake to Mr. Jacobs when came home. Saw an Ensign 
buried. The Company was drawn up in one Rank, Pikes, 
next the House of Mourning. When ready to goe, rank'd 
six, came to funeral Posture : Colours cover' d with Mourn- 
ing went after Pikes, then Captain, then Parson and Corps. 
Posted the Pikes ex adverso, mutually, when Service say- 
ing. Gave 3 Volleys, but saw not the Colours open all 
the while. The Tattoo with which the Watch is set goes 
thus : — 

Durrera dum 

Durrera dura 

Durrera dura 

Durrera dum 
Dum dum Dum dum Durrera dura 
Dum dum Dum diim Durrera dum 

Durrera dum. 

About three Sets of Drums take it one after another. 

Oct. 6. Goo to Mr. Jacobs's, and in the Aftenioon sit 
down with him at the Lord's Super : and so I i:;oe from 
one Pit to another to see if I can find any Water to re- 
fresh me in my disappointments and discomforts. Dr. 



278 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

Edwards comes in «igam being put back by the wind : is 
now willing to goe. But, Oct. 7, the Captain and he are 
like to break off again for 20^, and hear of a Frigot being 
taken by the French off of Silly, so that am wavering as 
to my going, or else would rather give the 20' myself than 
goe without him. Were four Frigots of the English, and 
eleven of the French. The Lively taken. 

Thorsday, Oct. 10. Set Sail out of Plimouth Sound 
with a fair wind. East, N.E. Capt Allen having left the 
Ship I was about to leave it too, but he returning I re- 
turned. 

Oct. 11. Pleasant wether. Two Rogues to windward 
of us, which the Man of War keeps off but can't come uj) 
with them : in the night a meer Calm. 

Oct. 12. Fair wether, wind East and somewhat South- 
erly. 

Sabbath, Oct. 13. The Convoys leave us when scarce 
40 Leagues from Silly. Night very tempestuous. 

Oct. 14. Make a shift to sail West, and W^est and by 
South. A Scattering day. I broke my white Plate. 

Tuesd. Oct. 15. Is a strong West wind, or West by 
South. Saw a Rainbow or two this day. Sail to the 
Northwest. 

Oct. 16. The wind is just in our Teeth. Last niglit 
presently after going to bed, turn'd out in some Conster- 
nation because of a Squawl, and danger of ruliing on 2 
or 3 Ships. Many Porposes, or Hering Hogs seen this 
day. 

Thorsday, Oct. 17. Foggy rainy wether, wind at South 
pretty strong : Several Ships in sight, 

Oct. 18. ditto. Oct. 19. Wind westerly. One of the 
Frenchmen complain'd yesterday and to day of a feverish 
distemper. Dumenee. 

Sabbath, Oct. 20. About sunrise saw a pleasant Rain- 
bow. Matt. 18. 20. This place is to be understood of 
the least meetings of true Christians in the name of Christ, 



16S9.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 279 

as well as of the largest Councils. Preston, Pillar and 
Ground of Truth, 7. 11. 2 Kings 17. 33. 34. God will 
not own his own coinanded Worship when mingled and 
compounded with another, idem, p. 16 at the bottom. 

Monday, Oct. 21. Wind came at South-East some hours 
before day. By noon was little wind : a little before night 
it came at Norwest, so brought on board the other Tack, 
and laid the Ship's head the other w^ay. Found out Mr. 
Mather's Cake. 

Oct. 22. Wind comes contrary : calm. 

Wednesday, Oct. 23. Wind N. Nor,-East since 10 last 
night. 6 or 7 Knots the Ship runs. 

Oct. 24. See a Sail to windward. Capt. Dumenee re- 
mains very ill. Mr. Edwards took some blood from him 
to day. Sorted my Letters, giving what belong'd to Capt. 
Clark inside his bagg. 

Oct. 25. Fair wether, but wind in our teeth. 

Oct. 26. Fair warm wether, wind Southwest, sail N.W. 
by W.N.W. : are in 44^^ 30^ Latitude. Tis supos'd a Cur- 
rent sets us to the Southward, or else cant tell how came 
by this Latitude. Mr. Fanevol sick yesterday : pain in 's 
ear. Have a very sick Shij). Read in Dr. Preston, of 
God's Attributes, from 7, A.M. The Lord comfort me 
by that His Name. Mr. Partridge has forborn coming 
into Cabin some days, looking on the disease to be con- 
tagious. 

Oct, 27. Very rainy day : sun shines out pleasantly 
about an hour before setting : grows a Calm, which makes 
the Ship roll in a very irksome maner. 

Oct. 28. Capt. du Menee very dangerously ill. See a 
Ketch ahead of us. Wind in our teeth. We goe to 
Prayer, and Eat in the Round house by reason of the 
Frenchman's illness. 

Oct. 29. Last night sail'd briskly a good part of it : 
but this day the wind at South West, and a Swoln Sea, 
Fair wether. 



280 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

Oct. 30. Wind N,W. At night Demenee is watch'd 
with, who has been dehrious a great while. 

Oct. 31. Strong West wind, so that we hardly have 
gain'd anything for a considerable time. 

Friday, Nov. 1. Contrary Wind, but shifting. Mr. 
Partridge trim'd me. Will Merry has the Measles, as 
many have had before him. 

Nov. 2. Strong West wind : last night much Lighten- 
ing and Rain. In the afternoon saw a Ship standing to 
the Eastward, but when came nearer stood from ns to 
the Southward; we ly N.N.W. Demenee grows better. 

Nov. 3. Strong West Wind. 

Nov. 4. Wind N.W. Mr. Simons has the Scurvy. 

Nov. 5. Wind N.W. Rainbow. Dine in the Cabin 
again. Mr. Simons has a very bad Legg. Put on my 
Deal Stockings to day. Nov. 6 North Wind. 

Nov. 7. Wind SS.E., S.W. and S.E. Last night Mr. 
Brattle was taken with his indisposition of Spitting Blood. 
Call'd the Doctor, and was about to breath a vein as lay in 
's cabin : but it ceasing, defer'd. This day after a slender 
Dinner, was taken worse than in the night, and had Seven 
Ounces of Blood taken away. 

Nov. 8. Last night about 12 or 1, Mr. Brattle calls me 
up, thinking to be let Blood again, to prevent his coughing 
it up : but Dr. Edwards gave him 4 Grains of Laudanum 
Opiatum dissolv'd in Plantan Water, with which he lies. 
In the day inclines to vomit, wdiich doth about noon, with- 
out Blood. Eats Barly boil'd. Towards night the wind 
comes fast, but is very little of it. 

Nov. 9. Wind is fair, being North, or better, make 
good way of it : the former part of the night uneasy : 
Ship passing in the trough of the Sea. 

Nov. 10. Wind fair, but towards night veers to the 
Westward of the North. Capt. Walkington is so sick as 
to take his Cabin and keep it almost all day. Dr. gives 
him something to sweat at night. 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 281 

Nov. 11. Fair Wind. So Tuesday. 

Nov. 12. A fairer, but little of it. Strengthen the 
Bolt-sprit, the Gaiiion [lashing] of which was loosed. 

Nov. 13. Are in 43. Latitude. Sound, but find no 
bottom ; so supose we are Southward of the Bank, 4. p.m. 
Birds and coldness of the Water are indications that we 
are near it. 

Nov. 14. Fair Wind and Wether. Sound, but find no 
bottom. Wether so mild that eat at the Table on the 
Deck, 4 or 5 times together. 

Friday, Nov. 15. 9 Mane. Sound, and find ground 
in 45 or 50 fathoms. Bring the Ship to and put out 
fishing Lines. Mr. Fanevill only catches a good Cod, 
which had several small Fish in him, supose to be An- 
choves, however, very much resemble that Fish. Very 
foggy wether. Judge are on the Southermost point of 
the Bank. And now we have tasted afresh of American 
Fare. Lord, give me to taste more of thyself everywhere, 
always adequately good. Nov. 16. N.W. NN.W. Nov. 17. 
North Wind. Calm. 

Monday, Nov. 18. South Wind, run 7 Knots. See 
many Porpuses jumping. 

Nov. 19. N.W. and North Wind. See two Ships 
astern, standing right after us. 

Wednesday, Nov. 20. East Wind. Sail 6 and 7 Knotts. 
Note. Last night about 2 aclock, Mr. Partridge came into 
Cabin and told us the Ships were come ujd with us, which 
made several suspect them to be Kogues, and put us in 
fear lest they should be Enemies. The small Arms are 
charg'd. But in the morning, by putting out our Ancients, 
find them to be Jersey-Men, our Friends. The best Saihir 
spake with us : he shortens sail for his partner, who sails 
heavy and hath sprung a Leak. Thinks we are the hind- 
ermost of all the Fleet. So, by the good ILmd of God, 
that which cause of Fear and thoughtfulhiess to us, is 
turned into matter of Pleasure and Comfort. Blessed be 



282 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689 

his Name. Yesterday Observed : found the Latitude 41 
and 25 Minutes. 

Nqv. 20, 1689. If it should Please God, who is Right- 
eous in all his Ways, and Holy in all his Works, to put 
an End to my Life before I come to Boston, my Desire is 
that the Rev. Mr. John Hale, of Beverly, have given him 
the Sett of Pool's Synopsis which I bought of Mrs. Mills, 
quarto 5 Volumes : And that Mr. Charles, the Son of the 
Reverend Mr. Israel Chauncy, of Stratford, have given him 
another Sett of Mr. Pool's Synopsis Criticorum, in five 
Books : And that the Money laid out with the Winthrops, 
on account of the Land the South Meetino; House stands 
on, be given the persons concerned, that so I [who ?] have 
done them no good, may doe them no hurt. Provided no 
damage hapen by a Bond I have given the Winthrops, or 
one of their Husbands, a Copy of, w^liich is in my Papers. 
And that my dear Brother, Mr. Stephen Sewall, have given 
him my new Cloath-colour'd suit with the Chamlet Cloak. 
And if I have not done it already in my Will, left at 
Boston, I desire that my Namesakes, Sam. Toppan and 
Sam. Sewall of Newbury, have Five pounds apiec given 
them by my dear Mother and Wife, unto whom my other 
Friends are equally known as to my Self. I desire my 
dear Wife to accept of my Watch as a Token of my Love. 
And as to the things mentioned on this and the other side 
of this Leaf, I leave them to the Discretion and good 
liking of my dear Mother and Wife, to doe them or leave 
them undone, because the Estate is theirs. As witness 
my Hand, Sam. Sewall. 

Nov. 21. A great deal of Rain. Wind Shifts. Speak 
with the Jersy Men. 

Nov. 22. Friday. Wind comes to Nor West and blows 
hard. Speak with the Jersy Men. 

Nov. 23. Have an Observation and find are in 40 and 
33 Minutes, more Southerly much than the Mariners 
supos'd : so Tack'd iinediately, and by night the wind 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 283 

came to fair, about W. by N. West, and had very fresh 
way. 

Nov. 24. Supose are now in the Latitude of Cape Cod, 
or near it : Sound, but find no bottom : Wind at West, but 
by night veers to the Southward, so as to ly West Nor- 
west. Very pleasant wether, but no Observation. 

Monday, Nov. 25. About Break of Day the Wind car- 
ries away our Main-Top Mast, breaking it off just above 
the Cap : about 8 Foot of the Mast lost. The day spent 
in fitting the piece, hoisting it into its place, and j)artly 
fixing it with Rigging. Intended to have set up a Purse 
to day, [for the one who should first get sight of land] 
but this evil occurrent hindred us. Wind comes to the 
Northward of the East, which makes us bring the other 
Tack aboard, and by Westward by South, hope the Wind 
will veer faster. 

Tuesday, Nov. 26. Wind abaft ; hails and snows, yet 
not very thick wether. The Main-Top Sail was brought 
to in the night. In the morn give two half Crowns, a 
Jacobus, and a Carolus Secundus to the Purse. Sounded 
in the night, and now about 10, mane, but fetch'd no 
ground : so judge are between the Bank and the Land. 
A flock of Isle a Sholes Ducks seen to day. When the 
Lead came up saw we had Ground aljout one hundred and 
30 Fathom : in the night lay by, not knowing our Lati- 
tude. 

Nov. 27. Wind West and by South. Sail to the Nor- 
ward : Sound and find all oose at 1-30 Fathoms. In the 
night Sound and find small, black, gritty Stones, so in the 
night stood to the Southward, because came to TO and 50 
Fathom, and had not an Observation. 

Nov. 28. Stand to the Norward, N.W. and N.W. and 
by Nor. E. Have a good Observation : are in the Lati- 
tude of 42 and 50, which, it seems, is the Latitude of Ca})e 
Anne. Hoist up the Top Sails, to see if can make the 
Northern Land. See a small Boat u-one adrift. About 



284 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689, 

3. p.m. Samay goes up the Shrouds and on the Top Sail 
Yard spies Land, and takes the Purse. The Mate Wallis 
and Guner say 'tis Pigeon-Hill on Cape Anne. Gufier, 
who is a Coaster, saith also that he sees Newbury Old 
Town Hill, and Rowly Hill. All see it plain on the Deck 
before Sunset. Pleasant wether, clear skie, smooth sea. 
Sail N.W. Blessed be God who has again brought me to 
a sight of New-England. 

Nov. 29. Most pleasant day. Find the Land we saw 
yesterday to be Agamenticus Hills. Canot wether Cape 
Anne, so goe into Piscataqua River : land at the Great 
Island : from thence to the Bank in the night. Capt. 
Hutchinson and I lodge at Mr. Crafford's. Send Madam 
Vaughan her Cheese. 

Satterday, Nov. ult. Ride to Newbury. Friends there 
exceeding glad to see me, being surpris'd at my coming 
that way. 

[The following memoranda are copied from leaves at the end of 
the book containing the journal of Sewall's foreign trip.] 

July 11. 1689. Receiv'd of Mr. Samuel Layfield, by 
his Servant, £20.0.0. 

July 13. Paid Joseph Cliff e, Collector of Poll Money, 
Ten pounds one Shilling. 

[A few lines are illegible.] 

Mr. Wotton gave me a very good Book, well bound and 
Lettered on the Back, of Mr. Flavell's. Mr. Matthew 
Wotton, Bookseller, sends me by his Servant a parcell of 
Englands Duty, which are 25, the Sale of which in N. E. 
I am to warrant, if I doe well get there ; not else. Are 
sent to Mr. Joseph Brauing, at Boston, New England. I 
pay him the frait for them. 

July 22, 1689. Mr. Joseph — aice and I saw Mr. In- 
crease Mather Sign, Seal and Deliver an Obligation to 
Mr. Stephen Mason for 150 pounds English Money with 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 285 

Interest this day 2 Moneth, as I take. Gave Bonds signed 
and sealed of the same tenor. Sealed at the N. E. Coffee 
house with my Anchora S2')ei. 

To 2 ounces Manas 0.1.0 

To 4 quarts Northall Water, by Dr. Morton's Directions 
— 0.1.0. 

Paid Mrs. Cooper in full for washing my Clothes and 
making up Linen — 0.1.4. 

July 24. paid my Barber 2^ 4^ Man, 2^^ — £0.2.6. 

Borrow'd and rec'd of Samuel Sewall, Money of England, Twenty 
Shillings. I say, Borrow'd and rec'd ^per me 

Benjamin B. Hallawell. 

£1.0.0. 

July 26. Bought at Holburn a Greek Testament and 
Shephard's Abridgment of the Laws — 0.18.6. 

July 30"^ Rec'd of Mr. Tho. Rowe, Five pounds Eng- 
lish Money. This Money by order and in account of 

Mrs. Pole, widow, of Boston. This five pounds is 

in full of a Legacy given said Pole by Mrs, Katharin Nor- 
cott de\l, in her last Will and Testament; whereof said 
Rowe is one Executor £5.0.0. Vide July 18. at tother 
end of this Booke. 

July 31. To a Map of England, Scotland and Ireland 
0.10.6. Larore one of London 0.2.6. 

Went and was Trim'd by Cousin Henry Ward, and gave 
his wife, who sat by him in the Shop -^- Duz. Silver Spoons, 
marked E. W. 1689. Cost 63«- of Mr. Layfield, weighing 
10-- ll^-— 8^ fashion, £3.3.0. 

Aug. 1, 1689. To Mr. Wotton, for Baker's Chronicle, 
£0.17.6. 

Aug. 3. Lent and paid John Rawson, five Shillings, as 
per Receipt. Mother-in-Laws Name is Margaret James, 
next the Dogg, on the Left hand, without Bi.sliop Gate — 
£0.5.0. 

Aug. 8. To 2 Pole's Ailotations and 2 Catechises. £4.8.0. 
Leusden's Hebrew Bible — 0.18.0 



286 DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

Rec'd of Mrs. Rebeckah Barrett one Letter with a Token 
to Madame Leverett at Boston, her only Sister. 

Aug. 9. To 3 Busliels and 3 pecks very good boiling 
Pease — £0.13. 

Madam Usher sends a small Book to Mr. Moodey by me. 

Rec'd of Mr. Layfield — £16.17.0 Cash and the Spoons, 
July 31., now writt off, which come to £3.3.0 — £20.0.0., 
which is, as supose, in whole of my Bill. 

To Mr. Increase Mather for New England £27.0.0. 

In the Barrel, Aug. 12. '89., one Set Poles Synopsis 
Criticorum : Two pair Anotations, ditto. 

Aug. 12. To 2 more Poles Anotations, put up this day, 
£4.8.0. 

Left for Cousin Hull to pay Mr. Parker's Bill : Mr. 
Alford for my Watch, Mr. Dunton. 

Paid 40£ to the Heirs of Mr. Stephen Winthrop for 
Releases of Meetinghouse Ground and my Warehouse : 
fain to take up the Money of Mr. Hall and give bond with 
Cousin Hull, and counterbond to Cousin Hull, £40.0.0 : 
was fain to doe it in a hurry, Capt. Willie not being come 
from sea till very lately. Gave Mrs. Perry Clarks Exam- 
ples. To Mr. Walter Pery in full for Board from June 24 
to this day at 8^ /;er Week — £2.16. Borrowed of Mr. 
Perry, Seven Guineas in Gold — £7.10.6. 

Gave a Note to Mr. Stephen Mason that if he would 
accoinodate Madam Usher with £5., I would see it repaid. 
Left to Cousin Hull, to pay the Lines — £13.16.0. Hooks 
0.11.6. 

Paid of the Chees 0. 8. 

Lines 13.16. 

Hooks 0.11. 6 

7 Guineas of Mr. Perry 7.10. 6 

Mr. Parker 25. 2. 9 

Mr. Alford, Stockings 3.15. 

Borrow'd to Lend New-England 27. 9. 2 

78.12.11 



16S9.] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 287 

Hat, for Self and Son 2.7.0. 

Muffs, Yarman Serge 5.15.0. 

Cousin Hull, Dr. To Cash paid him, which rec'd of Mr. 

Whiting £5.0.0 

Bill to pay Benet, of Ipswich 5.0.0 

for w^hich sum of £10, Brother Stephen Sewall is to have 
Credit, I having rec'd it, or with 20^ of Cousin Nath 
Duiner, John Edwards Money. 

Deal, Aug. 19. To a pair Home-made Stockings, which 

weighed 11|- oz. at 3*^ 0.2.10 

pair Mittins 0.0. 5 

Quire Paper 0.0. 6 

To drink with Mr. Clark's Cousin, 0.0. 6 

Aug. 24. To an Enghsh Testam^ Oxford Print, 0.1.2. 
To a Mans and Womans pair of Kid Leather Gloves, which 
gave Mrs. Lamin for her Brother Clarke, in considera- 
tion of his servicableness in dressing our Diet on Ship- 
board, cost — 0.4.0. Gave Capt. Clarke two Guineas, one 
of the new Coin. In consideration of my Passage hether 
2.3.0. To the Men on Shoar, to drink— 0.1.0. 

Au2r. 26. To a Bed of Straw to lav under my Feather- 
bed — 0.2.9. 

Aug. 28. To Mr. Brattle, for my Share of Disburse- 
ments towards the Cabbin — £4.11.4. 

Paid it thus. Discounted his Barrel of Cheese . 1.10.0 
Cash in Guineas 3. 0.7 



4.11.4 



Paid him at the same time, nine Shillings for two pounds 
of Quick Silver, he hath in his hand for me ; I paid him 
for my Wether-Glass before, 10^ — : in all, £0.19.0. 

Sept. 26. Plimouth, deliver'd to be wasli'd 2 Shirts, 2 
Handkerchifs, 5 Crevats, 1 Cap, 1 Binder. 



288 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168f. 

London, 168|. Massachusetts Bay, Dr. 
Feb. 11. To Cash Lent Mr. Mather .... £50. 0. 
May 14. Cash dehver'd Mr. Eob't Humphrys . 20. 0. 
To Mr W? Grymes, past Copy Charter . . . 2.10.10 
Au^. 10. To Mr. Mather 27. 9. 2 



£100. 0. 
Aug. 21. To 4 parcells^er the Deal-Hooker . £0. 1. 
To Wilham Wilbore, Searcher 0. 1. 

Aug. 13. Cous. Samuel Sewall hath aboard the Amer- 
ica, Wm. Clark, Commander : 

Number S. S. 20 Punchin Books : No. 3 Punchin 
Cordage ; 4 Barrel Cheese ; 5. Barrel Pease : 6. 7. 8 
Three small Trunks with his childrens Names, the first 
Letters of them and the year of their Birth. 9. Barrel of 
Books : A Map of England and London : A Sea-Chest : 
A Bed, Quilt, 4 Blankets ; one large Trunk, mark'd with 
nails, H. S. one, (the 4^^) small one, corded with Canvas : 
One old small Trunk ; one Cheese in Lead, mark'd W. V. 
for Capt. Vaughan, of Portsmouth, with Thanks for his 
kind Entertainment of me at his house : one Cheese Store : 
one Deal Box of Linen : one Box Biskets : 1 Small Case 
Liquors ; 1 great Case Bottles (Liquors in Coiiion) : Three 
Pastboard Boxes, with Hats : One Angling Rod : 1 Hat in 
a Paper : Two Hampers, 1 Beer, 1 Ale : 1 Ladder. Mem- 
orandum, that this 13^^ August, '89, I drew a first and 2'^ 
Bill of Exchange on Cous. Sewall, for £5. payable to 
Henry Benet, of Ipswich : which said £5, with Mr. W" 
Whiting's £5. make good Cousin St. Sewall's £10. 

4 good Muffs £2.6: two of the best £1.14.0. Hats 
unpaid for. Above is Copy of what Cousin Hull writt at 
Gravesend. 

Plymouth, Sep. 23. Borrowed of Mr. Thomas Brattle, 
Cash, Ten Shillings : fill'd 12 Bottles with Beer at the 
Ship, the same day £0.10.0. 



lC8f.] ' DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 289 

Sep. 25 paid Mrs. Elizabeth Jenings 3! for our Chamber 
and Lodging to this day, i to me £0.1.6. 

[In another hand.] 

Plimouth 27^** September 1689, at Mr. Jennings, neare 
the Key. 

An Account of Severall things on board the America, 
Wm. Clark, Commander, which Mr. John Edwards saith 
he put on board said Ship when he came down to Graves- 
end intending to have gone Chirurgeon to the said Ship, 
and therefore took no receipt for them. J. E. a box of 
medicines, cost £15.15.7 store : 1 box with a jack in it, 

without any mark on't 2.10.0 

1 fishing net call'd a Seyne, put up in a powther barrell, 

with a canvis over it, and not marked . . . 3.0.0 
J. E. store 1 box with Spice, fruit, &c, .... 2.9.3 

£23.14.10. 

The day above-mention'd Capt Clark was here and told 
Mr. Edwards that whatever the said Edwards had aboard 
should be deliver'd to him or to his order, and that he would 
detain nothing, or words to the same effect, in presence 
of us, Samuel Sewall, Trio. Brattle. 

[Sewall resumes.] 

Sept. 28, paid for washing Linen at Plymouth, £0.1.4. 

Oct. 1. Rec'd of Mr. John Jennings Ten pounds, in 
consideration of Ten pounds my Cousin Hull paid his 
Daughter, Anne Searl, in London, of which ]Mrs. Searl 
hath" advised her Father, £10.0.0. 

Oct. 2. paid my Landlady, Mrs. Jennings for my 
Chamber, 3^ — i— £0.1.0. 

Oct. 3. To a Urinal, which is in the great Drawer of 
my Trunk, O.O.G. 

Paid Mr. Partridge, for my Self and Mr. Brattle, 30^ 
each, to buy Shoats, kc, for the Voyage — <£3.0.0. : my 
part, £1.10.0. 

19 



290 



DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



[168| 



Paid Mr. Brattle three pounds ten shillings : which, with 
the 30^ above, makes five pounds, the sum Capt. Ezek! 
Hutchinson paid Cous. Hull on the said Brattle's Account. 

Oct. 8, 1689. Rec'd of Mr. John Jenings, by the hand 
of his Wife, Five pounds, for which have drawn a Bill on 
Cousin Hull of the same sum, payable to Mrs. Anne Searl, 
dauo-hter of said Jenin2:s. 

Oct. 9. paid 18'\ my proportion for the Chamber one 
week. Diet, and Punch last night, to drink with our Host 
and hostess, 1^ — 0.2.6. 

Nov. 26. paid to the Mariners Purse, £0.5.0. 

Dec. 4. paid Capt. W^ Vaughan fourty shillings N. E. 
Money, which is in full of what I borrowed of Mrs. Mar- 
garet Vaughan at Portsmouth, Nov. 30. 

Deer. 12. Tho. Read, Sen?", of Sudbury Acknowledged 
an Instrument to his Son Thomas. 

Henry Crane and Elisabeth his Wife Acknowledged a 
Deed to his Son Ebenezer. 

Dec. 27. Lent and paid to Marshal General John Green, 
Cash, 7 pieces of f — £2.2.0. 

Jan. 27 '8f Rec'd of Jno. Edwards, Chirurgeon, ten. 
shilling's. He discounted the other Ten with Mr. Par- 
tridge, in whoes behalf I lent it and charg'd it to hi.-i 
Account. Vide, Oct. 7, '89. 



Jan. 30. 


Henry Hatsell . . 


• * . . 


£10. 0. 


0. 


Feb. 1. 


Ward, for Books . 




12. 0. 


6. 


„ 4. 


Remainder, passage 


• • • • 


4. 5. 


0. 


„ 11. 


Books 




6.10. 


0. 


J? ?? 


Hat, Gloves, Token 




2. 9. 


6. 


J? 5> 


Mr. Mather . . . 




50. 0. 


0. 


„ 12. 


Shoes and Gloves, . 




1. 1. 


6. 


?? » 


Rapier, Stockings, I 


S^ews, Books, 








Scales .... 


. . • . 


2.14. 


8. 




Cloak and Suit . . 




4.14. 


5. 




Fruit, Cranberries . 


• • • • 


1.10. 


0. 



1688.] DIARY OF SA:MUEL SEWALL. 291 

Mr. Ive, for B. Hal! 72. 2. 7. 

Mugg, 2. 2. 0. 

May 14. Massachusetts 22.10.10. 

„ 22. Books 5. 8. 2. 

„ 25. Fish Tackle 1. 4. 6. 

„ 27 pair Stockings 0. 5. 0. 

„ 30 Books 1. 2. 6. 

June 10. Irel. Prot. [Protestants of Ireland] 1. 0. 0. 

„ 15. Cloths 3.10. 6. 

Books 4. G. 6. 



o. z. 



£209. 

April 27. Mills, Brattle 6. 2. 0. 

30. Fish Geer, Books 10.16. 3. 

May 3. Ashwood 5. 2. 0. 

6 22. 8.10. 



£253.12. 3. 
To James "Warner, for Money rec'd at Boston 5. 0. 0. 



[We omitted to note that one of ScwalFs fellow-passengers on the 
voynge home is termed by him (p. 270) ]Mr. Fanevol, and again 
(p. 281) Mr. Fanevill. It is not improbable that this was one of the 
three Faneuils, brothers, one of whom settled in Boston. Savage, 
following authorities, doubts if Benjamin and John ever resided here, 
though Andrew was a eitizen. But, besides the eviilence of tlieir 
admission, given in the document annexed, we find other ]n-0(^f. In 
the Boston Tax Lists (First Keport of the Record Commissioners\ 
in the tax of June, 1691, in the sixth division or ward, all three 
brothers are assessed. Benianiin and John are also named in the 
list of inhabitants for 1G95. 

The document we have cited is printed by Drake, and is found in 
a book in the City Clerk's office, containing bonds for tlic^ support of 
]n'rsons coming to reside in Boston in the latter |)art of tlic seven- 
teenth century. All the jiersons named are in tlie taxdevy ot" June 1, 
IGOl, and we conclude that the entry was made in the Februai'y pre- 
ceding. It is as follows : — ] 



292 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1691. 

[" Boston, Feb. 1, 1691. List of Persons of the French nation 
admitted into the Colony by the Governor and Councill. 

Peter De Vaux, his wife, daughter and an English maid. 

Fi-ancis Legare, two sons. 

James Montier, his wife and English maid. 

Isaac Biscon, his wife. 

Benjamin '\ 

John >- Funell. 

Andrew ) 

Doctor Basset. 

Gabriel Bernon. 

William Barbut. 

Louis Allare. 

JVIoses Secq. 

Peter Uringe. to give Security next meeting." 

We may add that Moses Secq figures on the list as Moses le Sec 
and Moses Dry. Peter Uring was probably a relative of Edward 
Youringe of 167-1, and also of that Captain Xathaniel Uring who 
visited Boston between 1697 and 1721, and gave a description of the 
town, reprinted by Shartleff (434-5), and elsewhere. — Eds.] 



[We have already mentioned the fact that Sewall made notes in 
the Almanac for each year, perhaps as aids to bis more extended 
diary, and have given such extracts as served to incrense our text. 
By the kindness of John Ward Dean, Esq., the acconi])lished libra- 
rian of the New England Historic-Genealogical Society, we have had 
an opportunity to examine his transcripts of these Sewall almanacs, 
made years ago. 

The volume for 1689, being the period of Sewall's sojourn in Eng- 
land, contains so many interesting items omitted in his diary, that we 
have accepted Mr. Dean's obliging offer, and have printed nearly 
the whole. The items have been arranged, so far as possible, chro- 
nologically. 

The almanac used was that of Thomas Trigg, published in Oxford 
and London, for the year 1689. It has, besides Sewall's notes, a few 
by Rev. Thomas Prince. The original is presumed to be in the 
Briuley Library at Hartford.] 



1689.] DIAET OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 293 

[Sewall has jotted down in one place the following table : — 

[1689.] " Wednesday, Jan'y 16, came to London. 
Wednesday, Feb. 13th, went out. 
Satterday, March 16, into London. 
Thorsday, March 28, went out. 
Monday, Apr. 15, came into London." 

It will be noted (aw^e, pp. 248, 249) that the diary says hardly any 
thing in respect to these two journeys ; but the entries in the Alma- 
nac are very full, and mention many interesting particulars as to 
Sewall's relatives in England. — Eds.] 



[Sabbath, JanT 13, 168|. Through God's Grace landed at Dover 
about 9 or 10 aclock with Mr. Newgate, Mr. Tuthill and his Sister 
Mary and Monsier Odell. Mr, Newgate and I went and heard one 
Mr. Goff in a kind of Malt-House. In Afternoon all went. His Text 
Isa. ult. V. 9th, vid. Sermon-book. 

Monday, Jan'' 14. Rode in a Coach to Canterbury, after had view'd 
at the West, King's Lodging &c. 'Tis a piece of work that at first 
cost Labour and Expence, but now much decay'd. Getting to Can- 
terbury a little before night view'd the Cathedral, which is a very 
lofty and magnificent building, but of little use. Visited Aunt Fis- 
senden, her son John and three daughters Mary, Elisabeth, and Jane, 
as I take it. Cousin Jn" sup'd with us at the Red Lion. I should have 
said before that Dover is a large Town like a Bow, only the back is 
tluiiest, reaching from the Fort to the Castle. A convenient JMarket- 
place and Court Chamber. The Harbour not altogether unlike Boston 
Dock but longer. Two Peers to keep off the small shingle or stones, 
and that also clear'd in some measure by a small River whoes head 
is several Miles towards Canterbury, on which two or three villages 
and Water-Mills for Corn. The Town built chiefly of brick. Houses, 
most of them old, some very fair buildings. Town built as the Cliff 
and Sea would admit back of the Bow toward the Cliff. A very 
handsom square of Warehouses, and another little range, both more 
newly built, on the Beach, which made a good shew as we came 
ashore in one of the Boats that came for a Pilot. 

Tuesday, Janf 15. Came to Rochester through Sittingburn (where 
din'd) and Ranam with other little places. No room in tlic Inn by 
reason of Souldiers, so lodg'd at a CofEee-House over against the 
Assize-House that is now buiMing. 

Tuesday, JNIay 21, 1G89. Elisabeth King was marled to Henry 
Ward whoes Father keeps a Coffee II. in Bredstreet London. ^Nlaried 
in Duke's place. Cous. Hull made ace? she had been mafied some] 



294 DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168|. 

[Monetbs before to one Wilson. Receives this ace- from her June 
18, 1689, with the Certificat. und' Stephen Denman's Hand. 

Feb. 18, 168|. Writt to Tho. Read of Gillingham desiring him 
and the Uncle, in wlioes hand the Bond is, to give me a meeting at 
Salisbury. I can give an authentick discharge. Send me an answer 
by the first oportunity by Penton of Rumsey to be left with Mr. Jii° 
Storke of said Riunsey. 

Feb. 18, 168| Winchester 

To a pr Boots Spurs Sasoons 0-15-0 

To the Man 0-0-6 

A Letter 0-0-2 

Tavern 0-0-6 

Bought a Bay Horse at Wincliester-Fair for which am to pay four 
pounds. Cous. Storke Cr. for the sum £4-0-0 

This day Feb. 18, Reed a Letter from Cous. Hull at A7inehester 
which gives an acco. that my N.E. friends well ; will send the Letters 
by the Carrier. 

Febr. 19. Went to Winchester into the Hall and Arbour to see 
the choice of Knights of the Shire. Jarvis, Henly and Fleming 
stood. It came to the Pole, I offer'd my Voice, but was refiis'd be- 
cause I would not lay ray hand on and kiss the book, though I offer'd 
to take my Oath. 

My Rapier was broken short off, I supose coming down the steps 
into Hall. View'd tlie king's [troup ?] Deliver'd Mr. Goldwier the 
packet of Letters in the Hall. 

Feb. 19. Bought a Bridle, Saddle, Saddle cloath of Cous. Gilbert 

Bear, for 0-6- 

A new Girt 0-0- 6 

Driver 0-0-10 

Febr. 20'!' Went to Baddesly and Visited Mr. Goldwire Fatlier 
and Son. Mis Goldwire is gone to London. Visited Cousin Ridci-, 
but he not at home. Mr. Goldwier invited me to stay there all niglit. 

Saw the Stone of my Aunt Rider's Grave. She died iNlareh 21 
168 J. Lies in Baddesly burying place. 

Thorsday, Feb. 21. Cousin Jane Holt came in the morn to iuA ito 
me to diner. I went with my Aunt Alice and Cous. Xatlil Had 
very good Bacon, Veal, and Parsnips, very good shoulder of Mutton 
and a Fowl rosted, good Currant suet Pudding and the fairest dish 
of Aples that I have eat in England. From thence Cous. and I went 
to the Church, and then up the Street to a Hill where we saw Win- 
chester and Hampton j)lain ; they lye pretty near North and South. 
Bell was ringing for a Funeral, so Ch'' open. View'd it. Have three 
good Bells. Sup'd at Uncle Nath'f] 



168|.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 295 

[Friday, Febr. 22, 168|, rid to Southton with Cousin Nathl View'd 
the City. Deliverd Mr. Biles his Letter, and Mr. Eawling's his 
Letters to Mrs. Graunt, and to Mis Bernard who lives now with Mr. 
Lee the Son, she being reniov'd from the Water Gate : So had a fair 
oportunity to see Mis Phoebe Lee formerly Goldwire : She enter- 
tain'd us with a great deal of Respect and kindness, Has three chil- 
dren, a Son and two Daughters, eldest ab' six years old. 

Visited Aunt Hills and Cousin Thomas Duiiier, who is just setting 
up at his Mother's house. Saw also the House where Cous. served 
his time and a young Maid, comely enough, whom some allot for my 
Cousin. Din'd at the Dolphin before these visits, at least before all 
save Mr, Biles. Cousin treated me. 
To the Barber £0-0-6 

Enquir'd of Capt. Dulner as came home. He is rather worse than 
when we were there. 

Satterday, Feb. 23, ride to Bushnet and get a Shoe set on upon 
my Horse 4''. — This day Cous. Newman's Man comes and tells my 
Aunt that his Mistress is brought to bed of a Son. 

February 23, In the Afternoon Cous. and I goe and see fair Oak 
where are about 7 or 8 Houses. Drank a Cup of Beer at the Angel. 
— To a Bag 2.2'*, Quire Paper at Winchester 3**, which Unkle bought 
£0-2-5. 

Sabbath, Febr. 24, Went and heard Dr. May preach from Ej)h. 
5, 11, Have no fellowship &c. Made a good Sermon ; among other 
things mentioned erroneous Worship as a work of Darkness. I went 
not in till they began to sing. Stoke People sing well. In the After- 
noon heard Mr. Leadbeter at Otterburn ; rid most part of the way. 
lie Catechis'd and by that means was somewhat hamjierM in his Sur- 
])lice and Common Prayer because had left some till after Catechising. 
Text was out of Deut. 32. 36. Shew'd that when God's people lowest 
and the enemies highest God usually was wont to help. This day 
Scripture fulfill'd in your ears. God's People never have reason to 
despair ; wicked never secure. Cous. Mary din'd with us. 

Fel>r. 25, IGS^- Went to Winchester in the morning, and there met 
Avith my Letters from my dear wife and Xew England Friends, dated 
January last. Laus Deo. 

To a {»air of Buckles for Cousin Sarah £0-3-3 

Spent in my Journy 0-3-7 

View'd Winchester Colledge, the Chapel, Library built in the 
midst of the Green within the Cloisters. Left my Indian Bilde and 
j\[r. Mather's Letter there. Was shew'd also the Hall which is above 
Stairs. Cous. liear din'd with me at the Checker. 

Febr. 20. Peed, of Cous. Xath. Duiner for ace" of John Edwards 
Cash £3-0-0 Three pounds Engl. Money.] 



296 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168f. 

[Feb. 27 [originally written 26 — J.W.D.] Lodg'd in Mr. Gold wire's 
best Chamber at Baddesly. Febr. 27, din'd there, then went to Ram- 
sey. Febr. 28, Rid to Salisbury and paid Madam Sarah Woodward 
Nine Engl. Crowns in full for Ten pieces of Eight for William Brown, 
Esqf of Salem, as g Rec' writ by Mr. Chauncellors Clerk, said Chaun- 
cellor being at London £2-5-0 

The Chancellor's clerk shew'd me the Cathedral, Chapter House 
and Cloysters. Chapter H. round with a Pillar in the middle to 
suport the Roof. Got the Organist to give us some Musick. Bp. 
Davenant's Tomb. Shew'd as a strange thing (a Bishp I think) that 
lay North and South. The Cathedral is very neat and stately. Two 
Crosses in It. Candles on the Coinunion Table, so at Winchester. 
The Bells hang in a Steeple distant from the Ch\ Tell us are Twelve 
small Chapels for Prayers every Hour. The Bible over the Passage 
that leads into the Chorus, that so Persons may hear on both sides. 
The Spire is excellent for height and beauty. Din'd with the Chan- 
cellor's Clerk. His Lady gone to a Christening, that it was invited 
and could not stay, but shew'd us in a maiier her whole Hoiise, first 
Plate, Library and Bedding. Her Daughter of 4 moneths old whom 
took out of the Cradle and kiss'd though asleep. 

Febr. 28. Rid on the Powny to go to Shaftisbury but raind and 
wind very bleaky, so returnd to the Wh* Hart again. Ab* an Hour 
by Sun went out of the City at Fislierton Bridge to goe along the 
villages by the Bourn towards Mere. Reach'd to Chilmark. Lay at 
the Noggin just by the Ch"* on a Doust [?] Bed ; rested very well. Had 
the ringing of the four Bells. Pretty handsom Ch. ; Steeple in the 
middle. Four Grave Stones like the roof of a House ; written on 
the side. 

Half BushI oats and Super, Breakfast £0-3-6 

Salisbury 1-8 

is a large place good streets, a very fair Market place besides a butter 
Cross. 

From Salisbury to Wilton, and so on throw some other villages to 
Chilmark, where lodgd at the Noggin near the Ch. in a doust [down ?] 
Bed. 

March 1. From Chilmark to Hendon a Market Town, thence to 
Fonthill where the Springs rise so thick in the Gravelly high-way 
that in less than ^ of a Mile the stream obtains the reputation of a 
little river, by Sir Edward Cottington's To Barwick, so to ]\[ere 
where saw the like out of the Hill and high way. Mere is a compact 
Town, and the Ch. hath a good handsome Steeple with four Pyra- 
mids at top. To Gillingara a convenient place. Lay at the Red 
Lion. Deliver'd my Letters to mr. Richard and Jn° Pern. Salter-] 



168f.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 297 

[day March 2'' rid to Shaftisbury, a pretty fair Town built with stone, 
Chimnyes and all, some Houses thatcht, some coverd with stone, 
Two Churches on the Hill, Trinity and St. Peters, great Market of 
wheat, Barley, Beans, Beef, Mutton, Leather, Cloaths &c. The part 
of the Town next Gillingam fetches water at the foot of the Hill out 
of Gill. Liberty in consideration of which pay a Calvs head, Pair 
fringe Gloves of a Noble. 

Gillingham March 2^ 168| , Reed, of Mr. John Pern One Guiney to 
give to Mr. Edward Rawson with a Letter. 

With Bread and Beer, a Duz. or two Come dancing down the 
Hill the Monday before ascension day ; i.e. the two persons last mar- 
ried whom they call the Lord and Lady, but now generally there is 
a stated Dancer, a merry arch jocose Man, who procures a Lady. A 
Horse carries ab* Sixteen Gallons in two Tuns, which is worth two 
pence, to some of the farthest Houses from the Wells. One well is 
for washing, the other for brewing. I saw a Horse load from the 
washing well ; a furse keeps the water from flapping out. Lodg'd in 
the Crown at the red Lion in Shaftsbury. 

March 4, Went to Gillingham and from thence to Meere, so to 
Wylie, lay at the Bull. March 5, to Winterburn Stoke a small 
village by a Bourn four miles from Wilie. When on the Downs ab' 
two mile from W. Stoke saw Yarnborough Castle, which hath ab* 
three ditches, the inerraost deep and large q' within a great quantity 
of ground, the ground hath such a descent that being rid in could not 
see the other Ditch on the contrary side, q' a pretty many acres of 
ground, lies in an orbicular form. From thence to Stoneliinge, four 
miles from W. Stoke are nine transverse stones, three of them to- 
gether, the other single because I supose their fellows fallen down 
and so there is a discontinuance, rid through between some ; but 
others the suporters stand so close canot. Almsbury to the eastward 
of this place. The suporters have round Tenons, and the transverse 
pieces mortices. From Stonige rid to Lake and Durnford ab' two 
miles off upon a pleasant Bourn from Almsbury which runs to Salis- 
bury. From thence four miles to Salisbury, went to old Sarum, rid 
up to the highest suiuit. Are very deep Ditches something like Dover 
Castle, only Sarum's walls all gone save some little part or fragment 
of Flint wall in one place and other stone in another. From thence 
to the Plume of Feathers in Salisbury where were entertained in the 
Lamb. From thence home ab' Sunset. Deo Gloria. 

Bought a whip at Salsbury l.G'', two p'' sizers for n\y Daughters 

l.^-J 0-3-8 

At Shaftsbury Gloves 0-o-U 

two p'' for my Daughters, 18'^, p' for Cous. Mercy.] 



298 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [16S|. 

[Spent I supose in the Journy ab' 40 or 50'. Bore Cous. Stork's 

cliargcs £2-10-0 

Wensday March 6. Went to Lee. Saw my House, Barns and 
Ground, there are Seven Closes, two very fair ones besides the Or- 
chard Ground and Half an Acre just by mr. Nowes's house. Visited 
liiiu. He offers me four Hundred. Pounds for my Bargain. The 
Tenants wife teaches scholars, One was reading whom I markt and 

gave them 6'* to buy Aples £0-0-6 

Thorsday March 7* Reed, of Cous. Jn° Stark, 8 half Crowns, Engl. 

Money £1-0-0 

Thorsday, March 7. Went from Ramsey to Redbridge just below 
which is the Landing place ab' 4 miles from Rumsey. From thence 
throw Milburn to Southampton. Heard mr. Robinson sitting in mr. 
Taylor's Pue. Text, as I remember, out of Rom. 6. 3. Know ye not 
&c. Said they who were call'd to teach were call'd to baptise though 
they were not settled Officers ; They who hold forth the Covenant of 
Grace, may set the Seal to it. Philip the Deacon : Apostles not 
Apostles till after Christ's Ascention, for till then sent only to the 
Jews, yet they baptised. Seem'd to say must be a Sermon or the like 
at Baptisme. This day Mr. Tomlin baptiseth Warner Newnam at 
Stoke, Preaches at Unkle Duiner's. After Sermon went into mr. 
Robinson's and. sat with him, mr. Thornes, mr. Lee the Father, mr. 
Watts, mis Robinson. Went home with Jane Kirby, Cous. Tho. 
Holt's mistress; but I knew it not till he met her ; it being late, and 
I observ'd a boy run parallel with us in the Grounds and ask'd her 
about it ; I took him up ; and when set him down by the Mill, Lent 
him half a Crown to buy Paper and Quills, told him if learnd to 
write and read well, 'twas his, if not, must have it again with I know 
not how much interest and put him to a great deal of trouble. 

Friday, March 8, Unkle Richard, Cous. Nath. and I went to Hat- 
terworth, there din'd with Fritters at Goodwife Caller's where Me- 
hetabel Holt lives, thence to Rumsey and Lee, take Livery and Seisin 
of my Tenement. To Stoke. 

Satterday, March 9. Ride to Tichfield, view the Church and mr. 
Oakes's l^ulpit, removd from the Pillar where it stood in his time to 
the other side. Sexton spake much in 's praise and enquired after 
his Children. Saw Mis. Bromlield's Monument who died 1618. Din'd 
with Cous. Tho. Duiiier, bought the first pound of Tobacco which he 
sold in a Fair. Cous. Nath. accompanied me to Kirbridg, from thence 
alone, saw my Lord Southampton's seat by the way, is a small Town. 
From thence I rid alone to Gosport ab' 6. miles, Gosport is com- 
pass'd with a form'd Bank and Ditch which I walkd all round. Is 
two or three good streets in 't but they are not long. Pretty good 
houses.] 



168f.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 299 

[Mar. 10 would have heard mr. Gold wire, but rar. Beamont the 
Minister of Faream preached from Ps. 45, 15. Doct. Interest and 
Duty of Christians to rejoice in Chs? made good profitable Sermons ; 
but I think might have been more so, if had us'd the Metaphor of 
Bridegroom and Bride, which heard not of. Sat in the Afternoon in 
mr. Lock's seat, who has the best House in Town. 

Monday, March 11, Went to Portsm-, Mr. Barton shew'd me the 
Fortifications, with whom din'd, visited Cous. Duiner, saw the Dock, 
long Storehouse where Cables lye at length. Royal Charles 136 foot 
by the Keel, to the Sun at the Red Lion again and so to Tichfield, 
where lodgd at the Bull. 

March 12. To Bussledon where a Pink leaving with Charcole out 
of Tichfield Park for Cornwall, to Itching Ferry after had viewd 
Peartree Chapel, Madam Mills Daughter and two or 3 more accom- 
panying me, is a plain Chapel of Stone covered with Tile. Rails of 
Burying place are mostly fasten'd in a circle of living Trees : Is Ser- 
vice there but once a fortnight. Saw no Memorandum of Richard 
Smith Esq' the Builder. To Rumsey, visited Mr. Warren, gave him 
Twenty Shillings, visited mr. Burbenk. — N. at PortsmS saw plenty 
of Shrimps which are took at Po^chester, 

March 13, 168| Reed, of Amie Gales Fifteen pounds Money with 
some Abatements by reason of extraordinary Losses, and extream 
lowness of the price of Corn, is in full for One years Rent of my 
Tenement at Lee, ending this present Monetli the five and twentieth 
day 1689. Abatements relate to several years. S.S. Reed. XV£ 
£15-0-0. 
Reed of Cous. Storke 22 pr. ^Yom' Stockins n" 30 at 24' G'^ 

^ Duz £2-5-0 

Item 4 Duz. ditto at 20' 6'^ p Duz K° 24 4- 2-0 

It^ 16 pr. worn' at 1' p pair N° 16 0-16-8 

7 pr. Mens coloured at 3' 6'^ N° 20 1- 4-6 

6 pr. Youths at IS'' pr. N» 24 0- 9-0 

8-17-2 
8 Duz. 3 pr. in all. 

]M,ircli 14, 10S« Reed, of Cous. Xathl Dummer Hair Buttons 

21 Gross at 2' 6" p Gross 2-9-0 

9 Gross ditto 1-1-0 

Cash 2-12-6 

Charges reckoning nothing for time : made two journeys to 

Asliley near LiiTiington ab' 30 miles off Feb. 26 . . . . -17-6 

7- 0-0 
Which with 3£ before is in full of Jn" Edwards's ten pounds.] 



HOO DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [168f. 

[Reed, of Cous. Dumer on ace- of Bro' Stephen Sewall Cash 

Engl. Money £0-11-2 

Reed, of Cous. Dumer for Mrs. Batter to lay out in Silver 

Spoons 5-16-3 

five pounds sixteen shillings and 3d. 

Mark J, ^ ^ 

Thorsday Mareh 14, 168f . To Cous. Jane Holt abroad pss £1-3- 6 
Cousin Mercy Stork yesterday 5.6*^, and IS** before in Shaf- 

tisbury Gloves 0-7- 

To Cous. Jn" pr. Buckles 0-5- 

Thomas, Cash 0-3- 

3 little sons, Philip, and Sam 0-7- 6 

Two Girls before had Primers 0-0- 6 

March 15 To Cous. Sam. at Bp. Stoke Gold Crown . . . 0-5-10 

Cous. Stephen . 0-2- 6 

Cous. Sarah ^ Crown and pr. Buckles before ab' 3 or 4' . . 0-6- 

Boy and Maid 0-2- 

To Cous. Abigail, Unckle Nath's Eldest Daughter. . . . 0-2-6 

Din'd there with very good Beef; Bacon and rost fowls. Company 
Unkle, Aunt, Aunt Alice, Cous. Stephen Winchester Butcher — 

Left with Mr. Richard Dumer my Unkle ^ Crown for Debo- 
rah Rider, and ^ Crown to each of Aunt Sarah's Children 0-7-6 

Deborah with Tears shew'd my last Letter to her Mother, who I 
think was dead before it was writt. 

Friday, March 15, Unkle Stephen sick on bed with a Crick ins 
Back. Unkle Richd. goes on foot to Winchester, Cous. Nath. and I 
ride to see his house at Compton by tlie way which stands very con- 
veniently ab* 1 mile from the Ch'' 2 from Wr. 

At the Checker have a Hogs Cheek Souct, Send for Cous. Gilbert 
Bear and Cous. Jn" Dumer ; I treat them with Ale and Wine, but 
Unkle Richd will Call for one Pint and indeed Cous. Mercy Stork 
and he seem the most kind of all my Relations. At Winchester reed. 
Mr. Thorner's Letter of Mrs. Widell, who is a Shipmasters wife and 
with her Daughter Hunt and D'r. in law Widell, are going to meet 
their Husbands, one Winchester Gentlewoman ; From Farnum to 
Bagshet 5 women and one jMan — there took in a Souldier instead 
of the woman. At Winchester had of Mr. Edward Grace by his 
man E<lward Hooker a bill of £20 on Mr. Tho. Abney at the Crown 
in Cornhill for Twenty pounds 2' 6** paid there £20-2-6, Date March 
15, 1688. 

Satterday March 16. Capt. Widell was at Holburu with his Son] 



168f ] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 301 

[and Son in Law to meet their Wives, I drunk a Pint wine with them 
and took leave. Mrs. Widell the Mother was very good Company and 
so the rest. 

Sabbath March 17. The Ld. Mayor Chapman dyes in the morn. 

Monday March 18, Went and saw the Jews burying Place at Mile- 
End : Some Bodies were laid East and West ; but now all are orderd 
to be laid North and South. Many Tombs. Engravings are Hebrew, 
Latin, Spanish, English, sometimes on the same stone. Part of the 
Ground is improv'd as a Garden, the dead are carried through the 
keepers house. First Tomb is abt the year 1659. Brick wall built 
ab* part. Ont 's two sides 5444, Christi 1684, Tamuz 21, June 23, 
as I remember, — I told the keep' afterwards wisht might meet in 
Heaven : He answerd, and drink a Glass of Beer together, which we 
were then doing. 

March 28, 1689. With Mr. Mather and his son Sam went in the 
Coach of Abbington to Hounslo, so to Colebrook and to Maidenhead 
22 miles from London. Sam. and I went to Bray-Ch. and writt out 
2 Epitaphs by Candlelight. Maidenhead belongs to the Parishes of 
Bray and Cookam. Is only a Chapel of ease at M. head. A Nonconf. 
Minister Mr. Brice preaches in a Barn. Outside the Hart is in Bray, 
other side of the way is in Cookam. I din'd alone at Colebrook with 
a Bullock's Cheek, Ab' 6. aclock Mr. Mather, Son and I sup'd on two 
Dunghill fowls. Mr. Mather prays and we get to bed just at nine. 
Bray Ch. a mile off the nearest way, 

Friday March 29, to Abbingdon. Lodge with Mr, Dauson, find 
Pie has 'Mis Dulcibella Garbrand, mr. Dunches Grandch., by his 
Daughter Beck, She has a daughter Martha 4 years old a very 
desirable child. Mis Jane Cave also lives in the House, a Border. 
Satterday March 30 Mr. Mather and Ave ride in the Coach to Oxford 
5 miles, little ones, costs us 12' of which I pay 5 and mr. blather the 
rest. See the Colledges and Halls, New-CoUedge, Maudlin and Christ 
Ch. do most excell. At New-Col. eat and drank Ale, wine. Lent Cakes 
full of Currants, good Butter and Cheese, by means of Mr. Benj. Cut- 
ler the Butler, to whom D^ Woodward sent a Letter on my behalf. 
Saw the Theatre and Schools Congregation-House. To xVbiiigdon. 
On the Sabbath March 31, Mr. Dauson preaches in the morn. Come 
to me all weary. Mr. Mather in afternoon. All are siners, which 
preach before at Mr, James's, vide. Monday Aj). 1, very windy, yet 
view Abingdon, the river Occe which gives name to Occ-street ruiiing 
at the bottom of the Gardens of one side the street, there Pikes and 
Perch are catcht, Occ Eels also are famous. On it stands a mill and 
just where it falls into the Thames there is a Stone Bridge for Horse 
and foot. Their flat Boat ly there which carry Seven Hundred} 



302 DIARY OF SxiMUEL SEWALL. [168| 

[Quarters of Malts, which they count seventy Tun. Have Flashes to 
help them over the Shallow places. Tuesday Ap. 2, View the Hos- 
pital, old Town-Hall the place where the Abby was which in prece- 
dency next to Glastenbury, and in Revenue above it. Ch. hath 5 
lies. Ab' 300 Soldiers come to Town, so Horses press'd that could 
not get out. Mr. Dauson preaches to the Youth at his House, They 
that seek me eai'ly shall find me. — 

Copy of a Letter to Edward Barnard of Meer from Shatsbury 
March 2'^ 168|. Edw, B. Tis rainy wether and late, so that I shall 
hardly get to Rurasey by night, so purpose to stay at this Town, and 
being desirous of a peacable Issue as to the business I spake to you 
of yesterday at your house, intend to be at Gillingam next Monday, 
where you may meet me at the Red Lion by 9 or 10 in the morn. 
Farmer Read has his cancell'd Bonds to justify his payment of mine 
and twenty pounds to you for your Cousin Richd. Cornish, 20' abated 
because the Money paid before the time. It seems your neighbour 
Tho. Fry was present when the Money was paid you. Is an order 
from Rich'd Cornish for Three pounds fifteen shillings to Tho. Ilooder 
which is indors'd on one of the Bonds. 

Rumsey March 6, 168| NB. A Deed from my Father to me dated 
Oct- 16, 1680, of Lee Land without any entail is in the hand of Cons. 
Storke with Widnell's Deed in a black box q' in another wooden 
box. Witnesses, B. Alford, Tho. Barrett, Jer. Duiner, Edw. Broni- 
field, Lancelott Lake, Jn° Hayward, Eliezer Moodey. 

March 12, 168| Rec<> of Gales Thirteen pounds Ten shil- 
lings in part for this years Rent £13-10-0 

My Aunt Mehetabel Holt died Sei^tember, 1677, in the 38"' year 
of her Age. 

[In a different handwriting, or perhaps in two different hands.] 

To Captain Humfry South in Crutched fryars Merchant or on tlie 
Barbadoes Walk. 

Mr. Jn° Wilmot Bookseller in Oxford. 

March 30 Receivd in part of 30' five shill by me John Wilmot. 

William Lee, late of this Borough of Abbingdon Gent, a principal 
Burgess and 5 times Mayor, continued a principal Burges 53 years. 
Gov' of Chr*' Hospital in Abbingdon 52 years. Master of sai<l Hospi- 
tal 6 times and continued senior Gov"" 36 years. Was in Religion 
zealous, in his dealings just, loving to his children, charitable to the 
poor, courteous to all. Died Xovf 5, 1637, iEtat. 94. Had issue 
from his Loyns in his Life-time two hundred lacking two.] 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 303 

[By Jane Lapton had two sons, by Katharin "Wright four sons and 
eleven Daughters. His third wife Kath. Liddal had no chiUilren. 

Mis Jane Cave is of the Father, her fathers name was Thomas 
Clempson married to Katharin Lee. 



Abbingdon Apr, 1, 1689. A Letter from Mis Jane Cave to her 
kinswoman Davis with i Crown inclosed, dwells with Mr. Morton. 

All the above children proceeded from Kath. Wright save 29 from 
Jane Lapton. 

198 
29 

Kath. Wright 169 

Children 17 

Grandch 78 

Great Grandchildren 103 

198 

Gentlewoman is of Kath" Wright, her Grand-child. 

Apr. 1, 1689. 

Dr. Owen was of Queen's Colledge in Oxon, Dr. Tho. Barlow Bp. 
of Lincoln still living was his Tutor being then Fellow of said Col- 
lege, said Barlow was afterwards Provost of it. Dr. Owen was 
afterwards Dean of Christ-Church. Principal only of Brasen-nose, 
Master, Warden, Pra?sident, Provost, Dean only of Christ-Ch. — All 
the Heads of tlie Halls are by one name call'd Principals. Ap. 2, 
1689. Teste Thoma Dauson. 

Dr. Goodwin was Prassident of Magdalen Colledge. 

^Ir. Roe a young Minister can inform concerning the family of the 
Xorcott's. Mr. Gales was his Tutor. 

Wednesday, Ap. 3, went to Mr. .Teiiings, where had Ale and Cider, 
thence to Oxford in the Rain. ]\[r. Gilbert, a Bachelour of Divinity 
sliew'd us the Bodleian Library which is an Ach, TI, a very niagiiiti- 
ct'Ut Thing. Tlie Galleries very magnificent about 44 of my Canes in 
k'ligth and near 8 in Breadth. I lookt in one book, (a came out ?) 
which in Cuts sets forth the Glory of Old Rome. Mr. (iill»ert gives 
us a pint of wine. Lodge at the Bear Inn. 

Leave the Horse of "William iMatthews who keeps the Cross-Keys 
in Abbingdon, at the Roe Buck in Oxford. Am to pay 7' for the 
Journey and 12'^ a day for every working dav beyond seven working 
dayes. Give the Keeper of the Roe-buck 6' if I leave not the llor^e 
M-)fh liim on a ^Market dav. Weduesdav. Satterdav. A"i'eed willil 



304 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

[Stiles on the same terms, am to leave liis Horse at the Cross Keys in 
Oxford, to begin to morrow, Ap. 4"'. 

Ap, 4, 89, left my Cane cuzen [?] and Box of Linen, silk stockings, 
Gloves, with Jn° Wilmot of Oxford the Booksellers son. 

Dr. Nehemiah Grew son of Dr. Obadiah Grew formerly of Baliol 
Colledg, Oxford, lives at Racket Com-t in Fleet-Street near Shoe- 
Lane. — Leave a Ps. B. there. Dine with Dr. Grew Ap. 8. 
Leave Bodicot \ mile left H. 

Lodge at the Unicorn Mr. Stiles, where also the Lord Brooks 
Lodges in 's way to London, just by the Market House six Pillars 
of a side. Abbingdon has a stately market house on square Pillars, 
in the Town hall the Meeting is. 

Ap. 4. Mr. Holland a Fellow of Corpus Christi shews me his 
Chamber Cellar, Library ab* the bignes of our Chapel where saw 
Dr. Jn" Reynolds Monum' who was President of said College. Said 
Holland treated me very civilly though told him was a N. E. Man. 
Thorsday Aprl. 4. I ride to Kidlington 4 m. 

Dedington 10 
Attlebury, through a bad Ford, 2 
Warwick Apr. 5, 1689. St. Mary's Chapel. Richd Beucamp's 
Statue in Brass very lively, veins and nails of 's hands, died 1439. 
Robert Dudley in Alabaster. Spe certa resurgendi in Chiisto hie 
situs est &c. Obijt 7, 4, 1588. Earl of Leicester. 

Ld. Brook, slain at Leicester, in another part with a stately Marble 
round the edge of which is engraven, — Fulke Grevil servant to Queen 
Elisabeth, Councillor to K. James, and Friend to Sir Philip Sidney. 
No Statue. But Marble Pillars ab' the Stone. 

Satterday Apr. 6, Got well to Coventry about an hour by Sun. 
By mistake of the Christian name, I goe to a King that is member of 
the Ch. to which Mr. Blower preaches. He informs me of Dr. Grew 
and that they have the Lord's super. I wait on the Dr. who receives 
me very candidly and kindly but refers me to Mr. Briant because lie 
cant be abroad. Lodge at tlie K's Head. 

Hie recubat dilecta Philemonis uxor Holandi 
Anna pudicitise non ulli laude secuuda. 
Quadraginta octoque anos qu?e nupta marito 
Septem illi pueros enixa est tresque puellas 
Lactavitque omiies, Geuetrix eadem et pi a Xutrix 
Septuaginta duos A'it?e numeraverat anos, &c. 
Saucta vixit 
Sancta obuit 
in Festo omnium sanctorum. 1627 — 
Out of S' Trinity Chh. Coventry, Ap. 8. 

Hen. Sewall 1587 
Hen^ Sewall 1606] 



1869.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 305 

[Ap. 7. went to Leather Hall and heard my namesake 
Shewell preach in the morn. Mr. Briant administered the Sacrament, 
Eating and drinking first himself, then Mr. Sliewell, then the Deacons, 
then every one, saying Take, eat this in remembrance of Chr'. Might 
be 200 Coiiinnicants. 

Mr. Briant preaches in the afternoon. I hear Mr, Blower between. 

Monday Ap. 8. I view Bp Gate street. Mr. Tho. King is dead, 
was a great Persecutor and help'd to put Dr. Grew in prison. Just 
above Bp Gate there is a Cistern of ab' 17 yards square, the water 
brought in a leaden Pipe ^ mile off, depth 5 or 6 foot, from thence 
the water runs into Brewing Vessels just within the Gate. View'd 
the Water work, the Wheel is over-shot, 3 Suckers, the water brought 
from a Spring partly throng the Pool in Pipes. Pool serves only to 
drive the wheel, Water carried to the heart of the City. Went into 
S' ^Michaels steeple which the Sexton tells me is higher by several 
yards than the Monum', a wager of 20' laid ab' it and a man sent on 
])urpose to measure it. The Cross is a noble thing, Gilded, and many 
Kings, but not high, but little higher than the Houses. Alderman 
Owen shew'd me the City Hall, where saw my gr' Grandfathers name 
without any alias. Shew'd me St. Mary Hall which is a fair Thing 
and good Accoinodati. for publick Feasts and Treatments. 

The Room at entrance of which the Maiors names are, is call'd 
the Maiors Parlour. Din'd with Dr. Obadia Grew and his Daughter 
and 2 Kinswomen. 

Tuesday x\.pr. 9, Din'd with mr. Sam Blower and his Avife, then 
went to Capt. King's in Mich-Park Street where was Prayer by 
Briant, a Bro- mr. Wills, and mr. Blower preach'd, Mr. Shewel 
prayd too. Xo Singing. Visited Cousin Powers, and Cons. Lap- 
worth, whose maiden name was Ann Lee, hath a son at London Bp. 
G[ate] Street near the Bull, a Daughter at Eltham in Kent and a 
Daughter Mary at home of ab' 20 yeai's old a handsom maid. I per- 
ceiv two Pastures worth ab' 40£ ^ anum are divided between that 
Powers and 2 daughters of whicli this Lapworth one. Powers's was 
first given to his Bn/, is call'd Barnfield hard by tlie City. Is more 
Land at Stoke given by my Aunt Randall as this was. Told them 
who I was and offer'd to confirm their Right. Lapworth said he 
woidd not sxive 3'-' Anne his wife knew my fatlier and ]\Iotlier at 
Warwick. Wednesday A]i. 10, Had 3 of the City Waits bid me 
irood morrow with their wind Musick. — Went to Warwick f<jund 
jNIis Tuckey still from home, tells me by a Letter that will come 
home on Friday morn : I sent a Letter to her by W'" Clariilge. 
Thorsday Apr. 11"' good weather, pretty <lcal of sunshine and no 
Rain all day. I went with one Charles EiTis to Guy Cliff and saw] 



306 ' DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

[his Cave, drank at his Well, saw the Cellars cut in the Rock. By 
the way I found my Pilot was a Quaker. Ab' 200 Hundred Sol- 
diers I saw drawn forth in the morn to the westward of the Town, 
which had their Drums, Cross a Horseneck and a Trumpet being all 
Horsemen. In the Lord's Hall Guy's Pot was fiUd with Brandy 
Punch ; when in the field heard the volleys and Huzzas, the Pope 
cafied ab? 

People, Soldiers and many others exceedingly debauch'd. Was 
Trim'd by one Jn" Jarvis near the Upper parish Church, call'd S- 
Mary as the Lower is call'd S* Nicholas, at which Mr. Butler used to 
preach : Many reniemb'' him, all speak him a very good Man. It 
seems Guy's Tower which I went xxp on to view the Town, is the 
very Tower my Ld. Capel was once Prisoner in. I lodge at the Cross- 
Keys in Castle-street, in the yellow Chamber next the Castle, front- 
ing to the Street. Effigies of the late Ld. Brooks hangs there. Fri- 
day Ap. 12, very pleasant fair morn. 

A copy of Mis Randall's tripart Indenture that leads to the Use 
of her Fine and Recovery, dated Octob^ 20, 1645. — Mr. Sewall's Will 
was prov'd Junij ult. 1628, Cur. Proerog. Cant. Lond. 

— To the said Margaret during her natural Life and after her de- 
cease to the Heirs of her Body issuing, and for want of such issue 
of her body, to remain to the right heirs of me, the said Henry the 
Testator, for ever. Aunt Randall's Will dated May 4, 1646. 

Oxford, April 13'^ 1689. Rec'' of Samuel Sewall the Horse of Jn° 
Stiles of Abbingdon, in good condition, with Bridle, Saddle, Saddle- 
Cloth and nine shillings 6'' in full for his Hire, I say Rec*" j) me. 

Danill Forkner. 

[Note by J. W. D. — All of this except the signature in the handwriting 
of Samuel Sewall.] 

Paid mr. Die five shillings Earnest to goe in his Coach next Mon- 
day morn. Fare Ten Shillings £0-5-0 

Apl. 14. Heard Dr. Hall at S' Ole's, Dr. Smith at St. Mary's, Dr. 
Lethbridge at Carpax. Visit Dr. Tho. Gilbert who gives me his 
Carmen Congratulatorium. Ap. 15, Come to Wickam where dine in 
K. Ch. 2- Bedchamb"", 4 Men, so we pay for the 2 Maids 12" apiece. 
Rid through Uxbridge where drunk some Kans of Ale, from tlience 
to London ab' 7 o'clock. Passengers shew'd me the House where 
Uxbridge Treaty was held and say 'tis now haunted that none dare 
dwell there. A lovely Stream runs throw the Town-House compass'd 
with a Brick Wall : Great part of the House now pulled dowm.] 



1689.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 307 

[Apr. 4, was Shew'd the Library and Chapel of Corpus Christi 
Colledge and the Cellar by Mr. Holland, a Fellow. Library may be 
ab' the bigness of Harvard. 

May 8, 1689. Queen's Bed-Chamber, 24 foot sqr. King's publick 
dining R. 32 ft and near square. 

Council Chamber 44 

Breadth 24 

3 windows to the River almost the height of the Room. Blew 
Damask Curtains. 

St. George's Hall 32 yards 2 foot long. Breadth eleven yards, 
Five steps of Marble to an ascent pav'd with Marble, at the end of 
the Hall Eastward, ovei", S' George painted on the side of the wall. 
At the "West four Men suj5orting a Gallery between whom enter into 
the Chapel. The Comunion Table at the West End. The floor of 
the Hall pav'd with coarser stone by much. Ab' 32 foot higli, 7 nar- 
row windows 14 foot deep looking into the Court where Charles 2** 
on Horseback. Over each window a square window from which the 
Light descends through an oval lying long ways of the Hall. 

Eaton Colledge Library 69 Foot long, the Shelvs four. 

Richardus Allertree Theol. Oxon. Profes. Regius, ^ton Col. 
Prsepos. cui rectius visum Ecclesiam defendere. instruere, ornare, 
quain regere. Obijt Jan' 28, 1680, JEtat. 61. 

Wednesday June 26. 1689. Journey to Cambridge, Mr. Increase 
Mather, Sam Sewall, Edward Hull, Sam Mather. Breakfast at 

Epping in Essex £0- 2-3 

Dine at tlie Crown in Hoggevill, a Hamlet of Bp. Stafford. 

Two young Ducks in Hartford-shire 0- 6-2 

Cherries brought from London, 25 Miles 0- 0-4 

have none at the place. Water of Triesday's well. Ruins 
of an old Castle In the way from Bp. Stafford to Cam- 
bridge 0-2-3 

Friday, June 28. Paid at the Red Lion, Cambridge . . . 1-13-0 

Safron-Walden, Diner 0- 7-0 

and view of Audley House Ilockevill, Super, and Maid . . 0- 7-0 

2-18-0 
June 29, Breakfast at Epping 0-2-0 

So Journey Cost me ab' 35' besides what gave to persons that 
shew'd us the Colledges and Audley H. 

Henry Sewall late of Coventry Alderman died April, 16, quarto 
Caroli. Mr. Henry Sewall his Son was then forty years old. As ;gt 
Decree of Court of Wards.] 



308 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689. 

[Bound up -with the Almanack for 1689, in which the foregoing Journal 
is contained, there is a handbill advertisement of a dwarf, "for Largeness 
and shortness exceeding all that ever came from beyond sea." It was " a 
Gentlewoman five and twenty years of age, and no higher than a child three 
years old." On the handbill, Mr. Sewall has written: " June 3, 1689. Saw 
her."] 



[The Home Journal is here resumed.] 

Nov. 22, 1688. Fast-day, set sail from Boston. Landed 
at Dover January 13. Sabbath. Came from London Augt. 
13*.^ 1689. From Plimouth Octob. 10*:^ Landed at the 
great Island, Pascataqua, Friday, Nov. 29. 1689. Nov. 30. 
came to Newbury from the Bank. Spent the Sabbath at 
Newbury. Dec. 2. Came to Boston : Staid so long at 
the Ferry that it was between 9. and 10. before I got into 
my own House. Mr. Cook only came with me from Govf 
Bradstreets. 

Thorsday, Dec. 5. Capt. Hutchinson and I took our 
Oaths ; Gov^ Bradstreet there : Deputies treated us at 
Wing's after Lecture, as Major and Capt. Apleton, Mr. 
Eps and others had done at Ipswich as came along. 

Friday, January 3. I treated the Magistrates at James 
Meers; viz: Dept. Governour, Mr. Winthrop, Richards, 
Russel, Johnson, Apleton, Hutchinson, Cook, Hawthorn, 
Smith, Philips, Shrimpton, Addington, Swain, with Mr. 
Willard, Belcher, Bromfield ; I think all these there. 

Jan. 9*.'.\ Tlio. Hawkins, Pirat, was Tried and found 
guilty. 

Jan. 10^!\ It falls to my Daughter Elisabeth's Share to 
read the 24. of Isaiah, which she doth with many Tears 
not being very well, and the Contents of the Chapter, and 
Sympathy with her draw Tears from me also. Mr. Dud- 
ley went home yesterday, or the night before ; but it 
seems refuse th to pay the Guards except the Council will 
order the Sum. 

Sabbath, Jan. 12. Richard Dumer, a flourishing youth 
of 9 vears old, dies of the Small Pocks. I tell Sam. of it 



1689.] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 309 

and what need he had to prepare for Death, and therefore 
to endeavour really to pray when he said over the Lord's 
Prayer : He seem'd not much to mind, eating an Aple ; 
but when he came to say, Our father, he burst out into a 
bitter Cry, and when I askt what was the matter and he 
could speak, he burst out into a bitter Cry and said he 
was afraid he should die. I pray'd with him, and read 
Scriptures comforting against death, as, death where is 
thy sting, &c. All things yours. Life and Immortality 
brought to hght by Christ, &c. 'Twas at noon. 

Monday, Jan. 13^.1* Joseph Eliot goes to Mr. Wiswall 
at Duxbury, returns with a Letter on Tuesday. 

Thorsday, Jan. W^ He and I ride thether in a very 
cold day with a Letter from the Council to invite him to 
goe to England with Mr. Cook. 

Friday, 17. Return homeward. Call and see Mr. Tor- 
rey and his wife ; Cous. Hunt and her Sons Jn** and Daniel. 
Lodge at Unkle Quinsey's, coming in the night from Wey- 
mouth for fear of Snow. Got home between 11. and 12. 
Went after diner to the Town-House, to Mr. Addington, 
from thence to Mr. Browning's, from thence with Mr. 
Cotton Mather to the Prisoners who were condemned on 
Friday. Spoke to, and pray'd with Pounds and others ; 
then with Coward, Johnson and others. Gave him [Mr. 
Mather] two Duzen Books bound, viz. Right thoughts. &c. 
Sermons to his Father Philips, and on the Ark. 

Monday, Jan. 27. Five were order'd to be executed, 
but, chiefly through Mr. Winthrop's earnestness in Repriev- 
ing, only Tho. Johnson dies.^ Had join'd in reprieving 



1 Tt seems, from " The Vindication of Xew England " (" Andros Tracts," 
IT. 51), that there were two sets of pirates at this time. One lot stai'ted in 
a boat from the frigate " Hose," and Thomas Pound was tlie leader. They 
were captured by tlie armed sloop "Mary," under Capt. Samud Pease and 
Lieut. Benjamin Gallop. Eight were condemned; viz., Thomas Joluison, 
KleazerBuck, John Suklerdam, William Dun, Richard (jritlin, Daniel Lander, 
William Warren, and Samuel Watts. 

Later, William Coward lieaded another crew, and of his men the following 



310 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1689 

Pounds and Buck at the Governour's, and then got away ; 
but Mr. Winthrop, Addington, Shrimpton followed me to 
my house with another Writing for Hawkins, which Win- 
throp and Shrimpton had signed, and got me to sign : He 
was ready to be turn'd off before it took effect, which gave 
great disgust to the People : I fear it was ill done. Gov- 
ernour, Winthrop, Shrimpton, Addington, Phillips, repriev'd 
Coward, and most seem'd to desire that he and his 3 com- 
panions might be spar'd. Some in the Council thought 
Hawkins, because he got out of the Combination before 
Pease was kill'd, might live as well as Coward ; so I rashly 
sign'd, hoping so great an inconvenience would not have 
followed. Let not God impute Sin. 

Feb. 1. Addresses and Letters are read over before the 
Court, and Agent's in the Deputy's room, and Mr. Stough- 
ton's Declaration. After, Mr. Winthrop mention'd the 
Reprievs ; I spake for my self that, by Generall Court, 
intended that which was to sit on Tuesday, the day after 
Reprieve. 

Feb. 2. at Even. Little Joseph sucks his last as is de- 
sign'd, his Grandmother taking him into her Chamber in 
order to wean him. 

Feb. 7^^ Court adjourned to Wednesday next, to meet 
at Charlestown, because of the spreading of the Small 
Pocks at Boston. 

About Jan. 29. Sister Gerrishes daughter is buried, 
and Sister Moodey's Daughter known to have the Small 
Pocks. 

Feb. 8. and 9*.^ Schenectady, a village 20 miles above 
Albany, destroy' d by the French. 60 Men, Women and 
Children murder'd. Women with Child ripp'd up. Chil- 
dren had their Brains dash'd out. Were surpris'd about 

were pardoned; viz., Peleg Heath, Christopher Kniglit, Dr. Thomas Storey, 
and William Coward. 

The pamphlet says that one was hung, and Sewall seems to confirm it, 
giving Thomas Johnson as the only sufferer. — Eds. 



16f^.] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 311 

11. or 12 aclock Satterday night, being divided, and 
secure.^ 

In the Storm of Snow that then fell Skipar Dotey, his 
Son Jn", and Elkana Watson, were cast away on Ba[rn]- 
stable Bar. Bodies not found, and 'tis fear'd they are 
murder'd by a free Negro and Indians. 

Friday, Feb. 21. Charlestown, Generall Court adjourns 
to the 12".' March. 

Feb. 24. [In margin. Treat.] Monday, Gov!" Brad- 
street and Lady, Mr. Stoughton, Major Hutchinson and 
wife, Mr. Willard, Mr. Moodey and wife, Mrs. Mather, 
Maria, Mr. Allen and wife, Cous. Duiner and wife, Cous. 
Quinsey and wife, Mr. Cotton Mather, Mr. Tho. Brattle, 
who with Mother, wife and Self, made Twenty, Marshal 
Green waited : Sat all well at the Table. Mr. Cotton 
Mather returned Thanks in an excellent maner : Sung 
part of the Six and fiftieth Psalm, in Mr. Miles Smith's 
version. Thou knowst how long I have from home — to 
the End. Mr. Mather was minded to have that Transla- 
tion : I set it to Windsor Tune. N.B. The bitterness in 
our Cups, was that, the Massacre at Schenectady by the 
French ; the amazing news on't was by Post brought to 
Town this day. Gov!" Bradstreet brought the Papers and 
read them before and after diner. At last, Mr. Danforth, 
Major Richards, Major General Winthrop, Col. Shrimpton, 
Mr. Addington came in, and dispatcht Orders to the Majors 
to stand upon their Guard, To Capt. Price, Sen!" Capt. in 
Salem Reo'iment. 

Just about diner time Mr. Nelson comes in and o'ets me 
to subscribe 100. to the Proposals against the French. I 
thought 'twas time to doe something, now were thus de- 
stroy'd by Land too. Mr. Danforth looks very sorrowfully. 



1 A very graphic account of this attack upon Schenectady, sent l)y the 
mayor of Albany to our government, is preserved in the ^lassachusetts 
archives and printed in " Andres Tracts," III. lli-120. — Eds. 



312 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [:6f^. 

Mr. Stoughton thinks best to prosecute vigorously the 
buisness against the Eastern French. 

Feb. 28. Capt. Vaughan, Mr. Martyn and Mr. Fryer 
are aproved Magistrates of the County of New-Hampshire : 
Mr. Vaughan Sworn. 

March 1. I visit Mr. Ehot, who embraces me heartily, 
and calls me Brother : I present him with Mr. Flavell's 
Book ; England's Duty [under the present Gospel Liberty] . 
Mr. Walter sits with me all the while. Visit Madam Dud- 
ley. Was coming aw\ay, and Mr. Hutchinson call'd after 
me, and I went in and saw Mistress Hutchinson and Billy. 
Pray'd excuse for my unmindfullness of them. 

Sabbath, March 2'^ I pray'd in the Family, that might 
have an Interest in God, Signed, Sealed and Delivered, 
and that all that tended to make it sure, might be per- 
fected. And being in my Pue, I was praying that as God 
had dispos'd me to put up a Petition some way unusual, 
so He would doe some unusual thinij;: for me. While these 
words were in my mind, in came Mr. Moodey, wdio preach'd 
from 2. Thes. 3. 1. Doct. Tis the Duty of all, especially 
of those who have profited by the word, to pray that the 
Word of the Lord may run and be glorified : And I hope 
I was included in the Blessing at the Close ; for if I know 
any thing in this matter, I know that I desire and pray 
God's word may run and be glorified : which came in my 
mind when the Blessing was given. 

To THE Constables of Boston, 

AND EVERY OF THEM. 

You are Required in their Majesties Names to Walk tlirough the 
several parts of the Town this day, and take effectual care to suppress 
and dissipate all unlawfull Assemblies, or tumultuous gathering to- 
gether of people for tlie Shailing or throwing at Cocks, and such like 
Disorders, tending to the disturbance of their Majesties Liege People, 
and breach of the Peace, contrary to the wholsom Laws on that be- 
half made and provided, particularly, those entituled Cruelty, and Pre- 



16ff ] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 313 

scri2:)tions. Hereof you may not fail. Dated in Boston the fourth 
day of March 16§§. Annoque Reg. and Reginae Willielms and 
Mariae — Secundo. 

SiMOx Bradstreet Gov' 
Wait Winthrop 
Elisha Hutchinsox 
Sam Sewall 
Isaac Addixgtox 



Assist 



I gave the preceding "Warrant to Thomas Banister, Con- 
stable, who said he would take effectual Care about it. 
Another was given to Capt. Prout, to be deliver'd to a 
Constable at the North end of the Town, only it was given 
on Monday night at James Meers's and so the Governour 
had not sign'd it. 

March 4, 16|f Sam. Haugh, 14 years old last Febru- 
ary, chuses me for his Guardian. Solomon Raynsford in- 
troducing of him with a pretty handsome Speech for my 
acceptance. Dept. Governour was by and told him he 
must now hearken to me and take me for his Father. 
George Monk brought in a Dish of Fritters, but Major 
Hutchinson, Mr. Addington and my self eat none of them, 
only Major Richards (of the Court) did eat. 

BosTOx; March 5 10|^. 
IIoxouRED Sir, — The Governour and Council have this day 
ordered us to advise with your self about disposing of the Friend- 
Indians in such place and manner as may be most expedient for the 
safety of the English and themselves. The Condition they are in 
re(]uires some speedy Consideration ; We therefore intreat your 
Company next Friday morning at either of our Houses ; except 
you rather choose our waiting on you at Dorchester. The affording 
your Counsel in this momentous and difficult Concern, will be a 
means to succour your distressed Country, and very much oblige 
your friends and humble Servants. 

Wait Wintiiuop. 

Sam Skwall. 

Above is a Copy of a Letter to Mr. Stoughton by Elia- 
kim. 



314 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [16f|. 

March 7*^ Mr. Stoughton gives Major General and my 
self a Meeting, as cold as 'tis, and undertakes to give Lieut. 
Swift notice to be here next Monday at one aclock at my 
House, with a discreet person or two of Punquapaog Indi- 
ans. I write to Capt. Noah Wisw\all to be here at the 
same time with one or two from Natick, with a hint of 
the occasion. 

Copy of a Letter to Mr. Joseph Webb, Clark of the 
Writts, March 1. 16|f 

There have been several Attachments granted by you to bring 
persons before me for the Trial of small Causes, whereas the Plain- 
tiffs never acquainted me beforehand of the matter, which is very 
inconvenient : because 'tis uncertain whether I shall be at home at 
the time, and persons often come upon me at unawares, when I have 
no leisure to attend them ; and yet am loth they sliould lose their 
Travail and Cost. AVherefore I desire you to grant no Attachment 
for the Trial of any cause befor me except on the first Monday of 
the Moneth. And I would not have you send any to me whoes 
Book-Debts are old enough to be senior Sophisters, being of more 
than three years standing. Some think that when the Demand is by 
Book, 'twere better to say, in an Action of tlie Case, than of Debt. 
"When a Woman sues by Attorniship from her Husband, for Goods 
she doliver'd before the Coverture, my Opinion is 'twere convenient 
to ascertain it [make it certain], by saying — for a piece of Serge 
deliver'd him by said Elisabeth Apr. 7. 1687, and several other goods 
since that time, &c. or, for Goods delivered him by said Elisabeth, 
April 7. 1687, and at several times since, as shall be made appear, &c. 
for Goods deliver'd him by said Elisabeth. And I canot give a reason 
why at least the year, or years of the Goods being delivered, should 
not be noted in the Attachment, as well as the Date of an Obligation. 
But your Books, and the honoured Governour and Mr. Addington are 
far more fit to advise you in things of this nature, than your unex- 
perienced, unskillfull, (and yet I hope honest,) friend, 

S. Sjewall. 

You should admonish persons to speak with the Magistrate before 
you take out an Attachment. 

March 10'.^ 16||. Mr. Stoughton, Major Generall and 
my self met at my house, and there came to us Lieut. 
Swift with William Hahaton for Punkapaug ; and Capt. 



16|f ] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 315 

Noah Wiswall with James Rumney Marsh, and Peter 
Ej^hraim for Natick. Enquired what might be most ex- 
pedient for the present settlement of the Friend-Indians, 
so as may be for the safety of themselves and English ; in 
order to passing a Law for them in the Generall Court. 

March 17'.^. Capt. Blagge came to enquire if the Coun- 
cil's Letter were ready, so I invited him and Mr. Melyen 
to dine with me ; which accordingly they did, and Mar- 
shal Green fell in. 

March 18, 16||-. I gave New-Roxbury the name of 
Woodstock ^ because of it's nearness to Oxford, for the 
sake of Queen Elizabeth, and the notable Meetings that 
have been held at the place bearing that Name in Eng- 
land, some of which Dr. Gilbert inform'd me of when in 
England. It stands on a Hill, I saw it as went to Coven- 
try, but left it on the Left hand. Some told Capt. Rug- 
gles that I gave the name, and put words in his Mouth to 
desire of me a Bell for the Town.^ 

Friday, March 21, 16|f. Madam Bradstreet, Mrs. 
Moodey, Mrs. Mather and my wife ride in the hackney 
Coach to Dorchester, dine with Mr. Stoughton. It should 
have been on Wednesday, w4ien the news came indistinctly 
in the afternoon of the Surprisal of Salmon Falls. This 
Friday morn before they went to Mr. Stoughton's, the 
dolefull news came that between 80. and 100. persons 
were kill'd and carried away, were taken by surprise 
about break of day : no Watch kept : are about half 
French, half Indians. Ilopewood Capt. of the Indians, 



^ Woodstock was set off to Connecticut about 1750. See Pi-oceeJings of 
the Historical Socii'ty for February, 1873, p. ;399. — Eds. 

2 jNIarcli 18, 1089-90. The Governor, Bradstreet, Sir William Phips, 
ISIajor-General Winthrop, Major John Richards, Major Elisha Hutchinson, 
Colonel Samuel Shrimpton, and Captain Samuel Sewall, or any three of 
them, were to issue such orders for setting forth the forces as the Council 
might do. This appointment stands on the Colony Records, although Sewall 
makes no mention of it. The Council Records of this date are missing. — 
Eds. 



316 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1690. 

Artel [Francois Hertel] of the French. Hampshire Gen- 
eral got 100. Men and came up with the Enemy about 
Sun-set and fought them till night took away the sight of 
them. One Frenchman taken making up his pack who 
gives an account as above. 

This day Capt. Townsend is appointed Coinander in 
Chief. 

Satterday, March 22. Sir William Phips offers himself 
to go in person ; the Governour sends for me, and tells 
me of it, I tell the Court ; they send for Sir William who 
accepts to goe, and is appointed to Comand the Forces ; 
Major Townsend relinquishes with Thanks. Sir William 
had been sent to at first ; but some feared he would not 
goe ; others thought his Lady could not consent. Court 
makes Sir William free, and Swear him Major Generall, 
and several others. Adjourn to Boston, Wednesday 14 
night one aclock. 

March 24, 16|f . Eight Companies and Troops Train. 
I goe into the field, pray with the South Company, Exer- 
cise them in a few Distances, Facings, Doublings ; before 
which Thanked them for their Respect in mentioning me 
when in England, warning the Company in my Name ; 
and told them the place I was in required more Time and 
Strength than I had, so took leave of them. 

March 25. Drums are beat through the Town for Vol- 
unteers. 

April 2. Father Dana falls from a scaffold in his Barn 
and dies. 

April 4, 1690. Major Richards, Hutchinson, Col. Shrimp- 
ton, Mr. Addington and my self went to the Castle to 
view what Capt. Fayerwether had done, and what was 
proper for him further to doe in making Batteries, and 
putting the place into yet a more defensible jDOsture. 
Went to Dear-Island, and saw how the sea wash'd it 
away. Then went to Apple-Island, to the Castle again, 
and there din'd; suffer'd no Guns to be fired; but the 



1690.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 317 

Captain caus'd the Flagg to be hoisted all the while we 
were there, in token of Respect. Cost us 5? 8*^ apiec. 
This day Capt. Theophihis Frarj, Mr. Joyhff, Wyllys, Ser- 
geant, Adam Winthrop, Mr. Jn° Clark, Tim2 Thornton are 
chosen Comissioners for the Town of Boston. Capt. Frary, 
who had most, had 24 Votes ; several of them but 16, the 
Meeting was so thin. This day Mrs. Averys Shop, and 
Christian Herridges Shop shut, by reason of Goods in them 
Attached. 

Satterday, April 5. A Post comes giving notice of a 
Saw-Mill and several Houses burnt at Wells the 3*? Instant, 
and Sayers Garrison beset with the Enemy. Council order 
one hundred and twenty Men to be sent out of Essex for 
their relief. April 4, one Pond of Dorchester, who had 
several praying at his House and he conversant among 
them, yet died before the day and Duty was ended ; so 
that they were fain to break off to lay him out. 

April 14. Sam. has an Issue made in his left Arm to 
prevent the swelling in his Neck, which else 'tis feared 
may prove the King's Evil. Have the advice of Mr. Ad- 
dington and Dr. Allen who made the Issue. 

April 15. Capt. Willard's Letter comes to Town of the 
9t^ Instant, giving an account of the danger they were in 
at Casco of an Assault from the Enemy, 30 Indian Canoes 
being seen, and Several Fires on the Land. Writt to ray 
Father and Brother Stephen. 

April 21, 1690. Mr. Stoughton and I set forward for 
New-York,^ Tho. Mosely waited on Him ; Joseph Cowell 

^ Although Sewall does not mention the fact, he was sent in an official 
capacity. He was appointed April 15, 1690 (see Commission in Mass. 
Archives, Yol. XXXVI., f. 4, 5), with William Stoughton, to attend at a 
meeting of Commissioners from the other Colonies. They were to concert 
measures for the common safety. Their report, dated May 1, is signed by 
Jacob Leisler, William Stoughton, Samuel Sewall, P. D' La Roy, John 
Walley, Nathan Gold, and William Pitkin. The forces were apportioned at 
four hundred from Xew York, one hundred and sixty from ^Massacliusetts, 
sixty from Plymouth, one hundred and thirty-five from Connecticut, one 
hundi'ed from Marvland. — Eds. 



818 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. l1690. 

on me : Mr. Cooper and others in Company, refresh'd 
at Roxbury, Billinges, and from thence rid to Rehoboth ; 
lodg'd at the Bear, which one Sannders keeps. Mr. Auger 
sup'd with us. 

April 22. To Bristow, visited Mr. Saffin by the way 
and Mrs. Saffin ; lodg'd at Capt. Byfield's. 

April 23. Perswaded Major Walley to goe with us, 
went to Newport, agreed with Tho. Brooks for his Sloop 
at 12? per diem. Lodg'd at Mr. Hedges. 

April 24. Set sail, leaving our Horses and taking our 
Bridles and Saddles in the Sloop. 

Satterday, April 26. got into Oyster Bay [L. L], the 
wind being Contrary, and there anchored. 

April 27. Went ashore, rid to Hempsted through Jer- 
ico, to hear Mr. Hubbard, but he was at York : Staid at 
Mr. Jacksons, read Chapters, and Mr. Stoughton prayed 
excellently. 

April 28. Rid to Jamaica, there din'd with Mr. Prud- 
den, Piistor of the Church there. From thence to Brook- 
and [Brooklyn], where Mr. Edsal met us with a File or 
two of Troopers, got to the Ferry about 12. aclock. Went 
over and din'd with the Governour. Lodg'd at Mr. 
Mariot's ; but were so disturb'd that were overcome by 
the Governour's importunity and lodg'd at his House. 
Major Gold and Mr. Pitkin met us there for Conocticut. 

May 1. Rose before the Sun some considerable time 
that might ease my burdened mind in Prayer. 

May 4. Sabbath. Went to the Dutch Church in the 
morn. Suncr the 69".^ Ps. 2'.^ Pause from the 24"? v. to the 

O 

end, which Capt. Lodowick taught me the evening before, 
and lent me his Book, pointed to every syllable. At my 
Lodging, Mr. Mariot's (for took leave of the Governour on 
Satterday, not knowing but might sail.) Read, pray 'd over, 
and sung the 25".' Psalm which should have sung in course, 
if I had been at home this day ; and is a Psalm extraordi- 
narily fitted for me in my present Distresses, and by which 



1690.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 319 

have receiv'd comfort. Mr. Selyns Text, Philip. 2. 12. 
"Work out your own Salvation, &c. In the afternoon it 
rain'd hard, so staid at our Quarters, read Chapters, and 
I pray'd. Landlady desired to be present. 

May 5. Got on board our Sloop, leaving Capt. Du 
Peyster's Diiier. Wind sprung up fair, got well throw 
Hell-Gate, went ashore at Dr. Taylor's near the White 
Stone, wooded and watered : Sailed again with a fail 
wind. 

On Wednesday Morn, May T^ there was a Fogg, which 
put us to our shifts, not knowing which way to sail; but 
it pleased God to clear the Air, so a^ we saw our Course, 
Block-Island, Point-Judith, and got in about noon, being 
their Election day. Gov' Bull furnish'd us with Beds for 
the voj'age ; Din'd at Mr. Hedge's. Henry Bull chosen 
Governour, Major Green of Warwick, Dept. Governour. 
Rid to Bristow, lodg'd at Capt. Byfield's. 

May 8. Rid to Billinges, where Mr. Lee met us in his 
way homeward, gave an account of the wellfare of my 
family, having din'd with my Mother and wife at Cous. 
Dummer's. Pray'd with us. 

May 9. Friday, Rid to Dedham and there refresh'd, so 
home by 12. or thereabouts ; visited Mr. Eliot and Mr. 
Walters b}' the way. Mr. Stoughton and I waited on the 
Governour and I on the Council with GovT Leisler's Letter. 

Found my Family all well, save Sam's sore in his neck, 
and Haiiah droops as though would have the Small Pocks. 
Note. I have had great heaviness on my Spirit before, 
and in this journey; and I resolved that if it pleas'd God 
to bring me to my family again, I would endeavour to 
serve Him better in Self-denial, Fruitfullness, Not pleasing 
Men, open Conversation, not being solicitous to seem in 
some indifferent things what I was not, or at least to con- 
ceal what I was : Endeavourin"; to iroe and come at God's 
call and not otherwise; Labouring more constautly and 
throwly to Examin my self before sitting down to the 



320 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1690 

Lord's Table. Now the good Lord God of his infinite 
Grace help me to perforin my Vows, and give me a filial 
Fear of Himself, and save me from the fear of Man that 
brings a Snare. At Billinges heard Sam. Haugh was 
dead, which made me sad : but it proves not so. At 
Roxbnry Mr. Beiiet tells me of the death and Burial of 
John Alcock, died on Monday, and buried on Wednesday, 
May 7"' E"^ Mather one of the Bearers. 

May 10. Haiiah takes a A^omit, her Grandmother earn- 
estly desiring it. Has the Small Pocks very favourably, 
keeps her Bed but three or four days ; about 50 or 60 in 
her face ; pretty many on her Wrists. 

May lO*.!" Begins to keep below with her Brother, and 
Sister Betty. 

Wednesday, May 21, 1690. Mr. Eliot ^ dies about one 
in the Morning ; I visited him as I came from New-York : 
This puts our Election into mourning.^ 



^ This was the famous Rev. John Eliot, of Roxbury, the " Apostle to the 
Indians." — Eds. 

^ Copy of a Letter from Mr. Sewall in Baylies'' " Plymouth.''^ 

Boston, :May 21, 1690. 
HoNB^'^ Sir, — The Express sent pr. your Honour was with me about 5 
a'clock this morning: But the Council being to meet in the morn, delayed, 
that might have the sence, and expected a greater certainty of the condition 
of Casco wliich yet fails; whose sitting proves so late that fear will be -1 past 
M" before shall dismiss them. The General Court have oixlered our SouLliei'S 
to be raised out of the several Regiments. Capt. James Converse is to com- 
mand one company. They are to mai'ch next Tuesday, and rendevous at 
Concord and Sudbury, and to march by land to Springfield, and on to Albany: 
intend to send IMeat by Sea, and take up on trust, if it arrive not soon enough. 
Intend to send the 2'! Company with a Lieutenant to Major Pynchon, and he 
appoint a Captain. We think Capt. Converse may be fit to be next the 
Major. Xo news is yet received from Sir William [Diips]. And exceeding 
bad news from the Eastward: Tis believed Casco Garrison and Fort are 
burnt, and the Inhabitants destroyed; so that we do not understand that 
there is one escaped or shut up or left. We fear, if this be true, there may 
be so many French and Indians that we shall be obliged to raise 4 or 5 hun- 
dred Men to defend our Frontiers on that paii. This disaster fell out on 
Friday and Satterday last. Fourscore Souldiers tliere. Capt. Willard came 
away the day before. This Xews comes by men sent from Dominicas Jor- 



1690.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 321 

May 22. We hear of the Taking Port-Royal by Sir 
William Phips ; ' Mr. Moocley well ; which something abates 
our sorrow for the loss of Casco, if that sad news prove 
true. 

Mr. Walter preaches the Lecture, and so is the first who 
has such a publick oportunity to mention Mr. Eliot's 
Death, Ambassadour, Chariots and Horsmen [2 Kings II.]. 

Friday, May 23. Is a Fast at Charlestown. In the 
afternoon Mr. Danforth and I call'd out of the Meetino; 
presently after it began, the certainty of Casco's destruc- 
tion being now brought. After having sat in Council 
awhile went to Mr. Eliot's Funeral ; Governour and 
Dept. Governour, &c. there. Bearers, Mr. Allin, Morton, 
Willard, Fiske, Hobart, Nehem, Thacher. Mr. Torrey and 
Danforth not there. Mr. Duiner of York ^ there ; He comes 
to ask helf) : 'Tis dolefull news we have to celebrate Mr. 
Eliot's Funeral with. Casteen is said to head about 70. 
French, and Indians are above Two Hundred. Capt. Wil- 
lard came away the very day before the Attack. 

May 24V.' News is brought of Capt. Nicholson being 



dans Garrison, and a Shallop that saw Houses on fire on Friday, and forced 
to come away without loading. Have only some glimmering hope that tlie 
Fort [is] not burnt. K. J. [King James] is so far from being dead that He 
is said to be very strong in Ireland. Parliament [is] dissolved. Xew one to 
meet on the 20 or 22 March. Ship came from Tor Bay, March 7. Bill for 
Corporations twice fallen through; OTice by Prorogation, and tlien by the 
dissolution. My humble service to your HonT, Major Walley, and the 
Gent" with you, praying God to turn away his Anger from us. and to take 
jiart with us, I take my leave, and remain Sir, your Honours Humble 
Serv'. Sam. Skwai.l. 

^ This was the main fruit of the expedition sent forward under Phips, 
April 28, 1090. It consisted of seven or eight hundred men in eight small 
vessels. Port Royal (aft'-rwards Annapolis), in Acadia, was surprised and 
captured May 2:}. Palfrey (IV. -l!)) adds that Phips also capturrd aiul tle- 
stroyed the French fort at the mouth of the river St. John. Ilutcliinsou 
(T. .'JOT) says that the fleet returned May .30, 1090. This trivial success led 
to the great disaster of the following year. — Eds. 

' Rev. Shubacl Dumuier, of York, was killed by a body of French and 
Indians, in an attack on that settlement, Jan. 25, 109^. — Eds. 

21 



322 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1690. 

come to his Government at Virginia, and Govf Slaughter 
to New- York : First comes by Water : Mr. Arnold, the 
Keeper, brings the second by Land. This day I goe over 
to Winisimet and see my Brother St. Sewall. 

May 25. Sabbath. Jane Toppan is taken very ill ; give 
her a vomit : She brings up three great Worms, and much 
fowl matter. 

May 26. Has many Symptoms of the Small Pocks, we 
count it the first day. 

May 26. Mr. Cotton Mather prays with Eliakim. 

May 28. Small Pocks apear. 

Sabbath, June 1. Betty and Joseph are taken. Betty 
very delirious. Mr. Moodey is known to have the Dis- 
temper. 

Monday, June 9*.!^ Joseph hath a very bad night, as 
also the night before. 

June 10*;^ He grows better and the Small Pocks doe 
aparently dye away in his face. 

Wednesday, June 11*:^ We put Sam. to Bed, having 
the Small Pocks come out upon him, as the Physician and 
we judge. Betty is so well as to Goe into Mother Hull's 
Chamber, and keep Jane Company, between 9 and 10. 
ynane. 

Thorsday, June 12. After Lecture there is a Meeting 
of the Overseers of the Colledge : the Fellows are apointed 
to hold the Comencement. Mr. Nathaniel Gookin, and 
Mr. Cotton Mather were chosen Fellows, i.e. the Choice 
of the Corporation was confirmed. About seven aclock 
I married Capt. Theophilus Frary and Mrs. Mary Green- 
wood, at the house of said Greenw^ood.^ 

Satterday, June 14. Have all my family together at 
Prayer, which has not been for many weeks before. Mr. 
Danforth, Mr. Russel, Mr. Hawthorn, Major Hutchinson, 

^ Capt. Frary's first wife was Hannah, daughter of Jacob Eliot, the 
mother of his children. This second wife is mentioned in his will, but her 
surname was not known to Savaare. — Eds. 



1690.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 323 

S. Sewall and Mr. Corwin subscribe for the Albany Expe- 
dition, Complaint being made that the Council's not sub- 
scribing much hindred others. 

About 4 or 5. P.M. June 14*.^ Mrs. Winthrop dies of 
the Small Pocks. About the same time Cyprian Stephens, 
and Nath' Williams, Son of Jn" Williams, die. The Lord 
fit particular persons and me and New England for his 
good pleasure. 

Monday, June 16*.^ Notice is given by beat of Drum 
of the Sale of the Souldiers part of Plunder taken at Port- 
Royal, to be made next Wednesday : this between 3. and 
4. P.M. 

Monday, June 16. Between 7. and 8. in the Even Mrs. 
Mary Winthrop is buried : Mr. Houghton, Col. Shrimpton ; 
Sewall, Addington ; Eliakim Hutchinson, Sergeant, Bear- 
ers. Intended Tuesday, but the Heat of the Weather 
compell'd the using this day. Had a double Coffin. Capt. 
Torrey was buried last Thorsday ; died the Tuesday be- 
fore. Mr. Houghton, Major Richards, there. 

June 17'.? Tuesday. Sam. rises and sits up a good while 
very hearty and strong. Blessed be God. This day one 
of my Shirts goes to lay out a Man dead at Nurse Hurds 
of this distemper, being a Stranger. 

June 23. Brother Emons buries a Daughter of a Con- 
sumption. Was a pious Maid, at Woman's Estate. 

June 27^}} John Lake dies at his Mother's, of the Small 
Pocks. Col. Shrimpton loses a very good Servant. Wil- 
liam Parson, Mr. Joseph Parson's only Son and Child, was 
buried of the Small Pocks yesterday, June 26. 

Friday, Jul}^ 4. Mistress Tyng, wife of Mr. Edward 
Tyng, is buried. Mrs. Parson dies this day of a Consump- 
tion and Fever. 

June 30. My wife and I ride to Braintrey in the Coach, 
carrying sick Cousin Quinsey with us : ly there all niglit. 

July 2. Go to Cambridge by Water in the P)arge, 
wherein the Governour, Major Generall, Capt. Blackwell, 



324 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1690 

Mr. Addington, Allen, "Willard and others : Had the Tide 
homeward. Thirty Commencers besides Mr. Rogers, Sir 
Mather, and Mr, Emmerson.' Sir Mather in England yet 
had a Degree conferred on him. Mr. Rogers and Emmer- 
son should have Commenc'd last year, but were hindred 
by Sickness. 

Sabbath-day July 6. When we are at the Funeral of 
Mrs. Parson the News comes in of the Engagement at 
Oyster-River, and that in probability two Captains slain. 

July 7'.^ Brother Stephen Sewall goes out w^ith Sixty 
or Seventy Dragoons, and several others to the number of 
150. or thereabout; The Lord God of Hosts goe along 
with them. 

July 8. Are alarm'd by a Post who brings a Relation 
of Frenchmen being Landed at Cape-Cod, and marched 
within ten miles of Eastham. 

July 14"? 1G90. Mrs. Rebecca Taylor ^ dies of the Small 
Pocks. 

July 16. Mrs. Taylor buried. William Taylor princi- 
pal mourner. Bearers, Major Richards and Col. Shrimp- 
ton, Sewall, E"^ Hutchinson, Middlecot, Serjeant. This 
day Cousin Quinsey comes from Braintrey in Sam. Mar- 
shal's Boat, lands at Gill's Wharf, rests at our House, then 
gets home. Is worse than when he went. Mrs. Green 
the Printer's^ wife dies this day. Jn° Coney's only Son 



^ Xathaniel Rogers, John Emerson, Samuel Mather. — Eds. 

2 ]\IrvS. Taylor has already been mentioned in our notes. — Eds. 

^ Samuel Green, Jr., the printer, and his wife, are both described by Dun- 
ton. Thomas (History of Printing, I. 282) quotes a letter written to Rev. 
Johir Cotton, dated Aug. 5, 1690, which says, in regard to Boston, "the 
small pox is as bad as ever; Printer Green died of it in three days, his Avife 
also is dead witli it." AVe find on the Colony Records, under date of Xov. 
11, 1690, an order to pay to the administrator of Samuel Gi'een, late of 
Boston, printer, the balance of his account. 

This Samuel Green, Jr., was the son of Samuel Green, of Cambridge, like- 
wise a printer, and the progenitor of printers. As Savage has some errors, 
we will state the latest results of investigations. 

Samuel, Sen., had two wives and many children, the last recorded being 



1690.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 325 

and Child, buried this day. Mr. C. Mather prays with 
Cousin Quinsey, and after at our house. 

Sabbath, July 20. When Mr. Willard was in his first 
Prayer, there was a Cry of Fire, which made the People 
rush out. 'Twas said Mr. Winslow's Chimney was on fire. 
Just about the same time, the House next the Old Meeting- 
house, the Chimney smoaked so, and beat into the House 
that made great disturbance there. 

July 25. Major Nath! Saltonstall, and Major Tho. 
Henchman aply themselves to the Council, shewing that 
if so many be press' d for Canada as the Order mentions, 
the fronteers will draw in, and they themselves profess 
the}^ will do so. Major Saltonstall comes no farther than 
Charlestown, because of the Small Pocks. Major Generall, 
Mr. Addington, and self goe over and give him a visit. 

Tuesday, July 29, 1690. This is a day of much Thun- 
der and plenteous Rain which prevents the Souldiers for 
Canada their mustering as was intended. Cous. Quinsey 
as I sat with him bid me shut the door, and ask'd if I had 
done that, meaning his Will. Mr. Moodey visited him 
this day. He is very low. 

July 30. Eliakim Mather sets out for Eastham. Mr. 
Edw. Rawson and I have hot words about Deeds he shews 
me relating to the Salmon-Falls Sawmill : Capt. Wincoll 



Dorcas, b. 1071. But, by Middlesex Deeds, XIV., it seems that in 1707 
there were four Greens living who sell land with the widow. Cleaily these 
were his sons, and the last-named two were Joseph, and Timothy Green, 
printer. Timothy was born in 1G79, and Josex)h was doubtless a few years 
older. 

Samuel, Jr., did not marry Elizabeth Sill (Paige says she married Samuel, 
son of Percival Green, of Cambridge), but his wife was doubtless named 
Hannah, as tlie Boston Kecords indicate. Samuel and Hannah had Joseph 
and Jane, but they probably died young. 

Timothy Green went to Xew London, was a printer, and liad six: sons, 
three of whom became printers. Of these, Samuel had Timothy, a printer, 
who left two sons, printers. Jonas went to ^Maryland, and h;id tliree sons, 
who were printers. Li fact we believe that in the present generation several 
pursue this same business. — Eds. 



326 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1690. 

having in '86. made a Deed to George Broughton, and 
Acknowledg'd it in April last, of his Right in the Salmon- 
Falls : Of which Deed said Rawson writ out a Copy before 
he went away and gave me. 

Satterday, Augt. 2. News comes of our Agents having 
presented Addresses to the King and Queen ; of the King's 
intention to go into Ireland, and an Act framing to enable 
the Queen to govern in the mean time. Sloop that went 
for Amunition, her arrival at Silly. Vce malum ! about 2. 
aclock after midnight a fire breaks out on tother side the 
Mill-Crick, which gets over to this side and consumes 
about fourteen Dwelling Houses besides Warehouses; 
Madam Leverett, and Mrs. Rock are great Sharers in 
the Loss. 

Monday, Augt. 4. Cousin Quinsey signs, seals and 
publishes his Will, Capt. Jacob Eliot, Theophilus Frary 
and my self Witnesses. Then went with Major Walley 
to Dorchester to meet Govf Hinkley, Coinissiouer for 
Plimouth, but Coiiecticut and Rhode-Island failing, noth- 
ing could be done to purpose : but urgd Gov!" llinkley to 
furnish us with a hundred Men : hope he will send fifty. 
Din'd with Mr. Stoughton. Went and saw Capt. With- 
ington's Company, 16 files, 4 deep, drawn up by the 
Meetinghouse, gave them a French Crown to drink. Took 
Mrs. Mills's Acknowledgment of a Deed as she lay abed. 
Mrs. Pierce buried near the Tomb of her Grandfather 
Cotton. 

Friday, Augt. 8, 1690. Dept. Governour, Major Generall, 
Major Richards, Mr. Russell, Major Hutchinson, Major 
Phillips, Mr. Addington and self went to Nantasket to see the 
Lieut. Generall ^ Muster his Souldiers on Georges Island ; 
went on board the Six Friends ; urgd that might sail by 
the first oportunity ; came up to Town. Km\ about 11. 
or 12. at night Major Hutchinson, Mr. Addington and S. S. 

' The Lieutenaut-General was John Walley, of Barnstable. — Eds. 



1690.] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 327 

with Mr. Eyre went down again carrying Carriages for 
field-pieces. Anchor'd at Nantasket about 3. When day, 
Augt. 9'" , was come, went on board ; the Generall per- 
suaded Him to make Signs of Saihng ; then with the 
Lieut. Generall visited the Ships of War and other Vessels, 
directed as to the number of Souldiers each vessel was to 
have and order'd to make Signs of Sailing. Wind comes 
fresh from Sea ; Go and dine at Hull with Sir William 
[Phips] and his Lady and Mr. Hale : Come on board, order 
is given to unmore, to be in a readiness if the wind should 
spring up. About 6. wind veer'd and the Fleet came to 
sail, Four Ships of War, and 28 other. Brought up my 
Lady from Hull. Got up to Town about 9. at night ; call'd 
at Cous. Quinsey's whom I found very ill. 

Sabbath, Augt. lO'l^ Went to see Cous. Quinsey ; read 
the 102. Psal. and begin 103. pray'd, and so went home. 
Put up a Bill at his request. Just after Contribution in 
the Afternoon, was call'd out. Cousin being very bad, so 
far as I could perceive. He desired me to pray, which I 
did : Afterward sent for Mr. Willard, and He pray'd, then 
Cousin pull'd his hand out of the Bed, and gave it to Mr. 
Willard. Seem'd to pray himself ; but I could hear little 
except Jesus Christ ; breath' d quick and hard, till at last 
abated and He quietly expired about Seven aclock. Mother 
Hull and I being there. I have parted with a cordial fast 
Friend, such an one as I shall hardly find. The Lord fit 
me for my Change and help me to wait till it come. 
Cousin was concern'd what he should doe for Patience, 
but God graciously furnish'd him, and has now translated 
Him to that State and place wherein He has no occasion 
for any. 

Tuesday, Augt. 12. About 7. P.M. we lay the Body 
of Cous. Daniel Quinsey in my Father's Tomb. Mr. Ser- 
jeant, Duiiier, II. Usher, Davis, Williams, Coney, Bearers. 
1 led the Widow, then the Children, next, Mr. T. Brattle, 
Mrs. Shepard, II. Newman, Mistress Mai'garet, Mr. Wil- 



328 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1690. 

lard, Mother Hull, Mr. Parson, my wife and so on. Note. 
My wife was so ill could hardly get home, taking some 
harm in going in Pattens, or some wrench, so had a great 
flux of Blood, which amaz'd us both, at last my wife bad 
me call Mrs. Ellis, then Mother Hull, then the Midwife, 
and throw the Goodness of God was brought to Bed of a 
Daughter between 3. and four aclock, Aug. lo'.'^ 1690. 
mane Mrs. Ehsabeth Weeden, Midwife. Had not Wo- 
men nor other preparations as usually, being wholly sur- 
pris'd, my wife expecting to have gone a Moneth longer. 

Wednesday, Augt. 13, 1690. Eliakim Mather goes away 
about 10. at night for Eastham, and so for Jamaica before 
his Return. 

Augt. 16. Capt. Cyprian Southack comes in, saith he 
saw not the Fleet. 

Augt. 17. Mr. Willard keeps his Sabbath at Roxbury, 
and so the Baptism of my little Daughter is deferred to 
the next Lord's Day. 

Sabbath-day, August the four and twentieth, 1690. I 
publish my little Daughter's name to be Judith, held her 
up for Mr. Willard to baptize her. She cried not at all, 
though a pretty deal of water was poured on her by Mr. 
Willard when He baptized her : Six others were baptized 
at the same time ; Capt. Davis's Son James, and a grown 
person, Margaret Clifford, two of them. 1 named my 
Daughter Judith for the sake of her Grandmother and 
great Grandmother, who both wore that Name, and the 
Signification of it very good : The Lord grant that we 
may have great cause to praise Him on her account and 
help her to speak the Jews Language and to forget that 
of Ashdod. Nehem. 13. 21. And that she may follow 
her Grandmother Hull, as she follows Christ, being not 
slothfull in Business, fervent in Spirit, serving the Lord. 
Her Prayers and Painstaking for all my Children are 
incessant, voluntary, with condescension to the meanest 
Services night and day : that I judg'd I could in justice 



1690.] DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 329 

doe no less than endeavour her remembrance bj putting 
her Name on one of her Grand-Daughters. I have now 
had my health and oportunity to offer up Nine Children 
to God in Baptisme. Mr. Tho. Thacher baptized the two 
eldest ; John and Samuel ; Mr. Samuel Willard baptized 
the Seven younger. Lord grant that I who have thus 
solemnly and frequently named the name of the Lord 
Jesus, may depart from Iniquity ; and that mine may be 
more His than Mine, or their own. 

Augt. 28. Publick Fast. Letters are brought to the 
Governour informing that the Maquaws [Mohawks] fail- 
ing to join the Christians at Wooden [Wood] Creek about 
100 miles above Albany, they were coming back again, 
which puts a great damp upon us here, to think that our 
fleet should be disapointed of their expected Aid. 

Augt. 29".'. We hear by a vessel 9. weeks from Bris- 
tow of King William's being in Ireland with a great Army 
and vast Preparations of War. Sail'd from High-Lake ^ the 
11*.!' of June 1690. Mrs. Davis buried this day, who died 
of the Small Pocks in Child-Bed. 

Augt. 29, 1690. I watch at night with about 30. men. 
Word was Skenectady. Nathan! Clarke of Newbury buried 
this week, died Augt. 25. 

Sept. 1, 1690. Eight Companies Train. Goveniour 
dines at Mr. Pain's with the South Company. Capt. 
Frary exercises the Company. Joseph is carried into the 
Comon to take the air and see the men. 

Friday, Sept. 5'-''. I went to Cambridge in the morn to 
visit Brother Stephen Sewall and his wife, and come down 
with the Dept. Governour and Marshal. 

Sept. 9. Mrs. Jane Pole,~ widow, a Mother in our Israel, 



^ "We cannot explain tlie name "High Lake." Macaulay says William 
sailed from Chester. — Eds. 

2 This ma)/ be the widow of William Poole, of Dorchester, of whom Savage 
writes doubtfully as to her name; viz., perhaps Mary Eiclnnond. — Ki>s. 



330 DIARY. OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1690. 

died at River-House in Boston, Sept. 9^^ and was buried 
at Dorchester Sept. IV}} 1690. 

Thorsday Sept. 11*- Being crowded in the Pue, by 
reason Mr. Hutchinson and Sergeant constantly sit there 
and claim. Propriety, so Mr. Usher is forced to take my 
place ; having also found that sitting so near the out-side 
of the House causeth me in Winter-time to take cold in 
my head, I removed into Gallery, and sat with Dept. Gov- 
ernour, Mr. Russel, Major Hutchinson, where had very 
convenient sitting. 

Sept. 13'.^. Sister Emons buried. This Week we hear 
of a sore fight ^ between the English and French Fleets. 

Sept. 14'.^ I Watch, Word was Salmon-Falls, had a 
very comfortable night; only between 3. and 4. were 
disquieted by Guns fired at Charlestown, and Drum beat : 
But I did not observe a continual Beat of the Drimi, so 
caus'd not an Alarm ; and about day a Messenger was 
sent over who told us the occasion was some Indians seen 
in their back fields. Run-away Servants they apear to be ; 
by which means the Town was generally rais'd : But 
throw God's goodness Trouble at Boston prevented. 

Tuesday, Sept. 16'.^. About eleven at night a Fire 
breaks out at the House of Jn° Allen, Worsted Comber, 
in which his Aprentice, Sam. Worster, was burned, with 
the House of Lieut. Reynolds, Mr. Bligh, Langden and a 
great part of Savil Simson's. The wind being Sou-west 
the South-Meeting-House was preserv'd with very much 
difficulty, being in a flame in diverse places of it. Capt. 
Cyprian Southack, and Lieut. David Mason did very 
worthily, hazarding themselves with many others on the 
Lead for a great while. 

Sept. 17'.^. Fast at Mr. Mathers. 

Sept. 18*. Mr. Willard's Edward dies of a Convulsion 
Fit. 

' Battle of Beachy Head, June 29. — Eds. 



1690] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 331 

Sept. 20. Is buried at Roxbury in Mr. Eliot's Tomb, I 
was at the Funeral. Rain and Thunder this day after a 
great deal of dry wether which made it extream dusty. 
Mr. Walter went to Prayer : Mrs. Willard sick, and not at 
the Grave. My little Judith languishes and moans, ready 
to die. 

Sabbath, Sept. 21. About 2 mane, I rise, read some 
Psalms and pray with my dear Daughter. Between 7. 
and 8. (Mr. Moodey preaches in the Forenoon,) I call Mr. 
Willard, and he prays. Told Mr. Walter of her condition 
at the funeral, desiring him to give her a lift towards 
heaven. Mr. Baily sat with me in the Afternoon. I ac- 
quainted Him. Between 7. and 8. in the evening the child 
died, and I hope sleeps in Jesus. 

Sept. 22. In the even, Mr. Moodey, Allen, Mather 
come from Mrs. Clark's Funeral to see us. Mr. Moodey 
and I went before the other came, to neighbor Ilord, who 
lay dying ; where also Mr. Allen came in. Nurse Hord 
told her Husband who was there, and what he had to say ; 
whether he desir'd them to pray with him : He said with 
some earnestness. Hold your tongue, which was repeated 
three times to his wive's repeated intreaties; once he said, 
Let me alone, or, be quiet, (whether that made a foui'th 
or was one of the three do not remember) and, Mj' Spirits 
are gon. At last Mr. Moodey took him up pretty roundly 
and told him he mii>:ht with the same labour liave o'iven a 
pertinent answer. When were ready to come away Mr. 
Moodey bid him put forth a little Breath to ask prayer, and 
said twas the last time had to speak to him ; At last ask'd 
him, doe you desire prayer, shall I pray with you, He an- 
swer'd, Ay for the Lord's sake, and thank'd Mr. Moodey 
when had done. His former carriage was very startling 
and amazing to us. About One at niii-lit he died. About 
IL aclock I supposed to hear neighbour Mason at prayer 
with him, iust as I and mv wife were i>'oin!i: to bed. Mr. 
Allen prayed with us when came from said Hord's. 



332 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1690. 

Sept. 23. Tuesday, between 5. and 6. Sir Moodey car- 
ries the Body of my dear Judith to the Tomb, Solomon 
Rainsford receives it on the Stairs and sets it in. On the 
Coffin is the year 1690. made with little nails. Gov' Brad- 
street and Lady, Mrs. Moodey, Mather, the Mother, Mr. 
Winthrop, Richards here, with many others; Ministers, 
Willard, Moodey, Mather. 

As we were going, one [blank] of Watertown came up 
with the Bearer, and talk'd to him on horseback, Mr. 
Moodey bid him be gon about his business ; at that he 
was in a rage and threaten'd to strike him, and said he 
^\as a pittyfull Dogg and we were all pittyfull Doggs. I 
thought of David and Shimei and said nothing to him. 
The Lord prepare me to undergo evil Report, and to be 
vilified by men ; but not for evil-doing. I led my wife, 
Sam. his Grandmother, Hanah Betty, Jane Toppan man- 
aged Joseph. Before we went. Children read the 18. 19. and 
20*.'.' Chapters of John, being in course for family reading. 

Sept. 24. Between 5. and 6. P.M. Jn° Hord buried ; 
None of our House there save Mother Hull. 

Sept. 25. A printed sheet' entituled publick Occurences 
comes out, which gives much distaste because not Licensed ; 
and because of the passage referring to the French King 
and the Maquas. 

Sept. 30. Going to Muddy-River, I meet Simon Gates 
and his Wife bound for Dorchester Lecture, so turn back and 
goe with them from D.[eacon] Eliot's plain by Bearsto's. 
Mr. Danforth preached and pray'd very well. Text 18. 
Luke — and shall not God: — shew'd that God would 
certainly hear and deliver his people at their Importunity. 
Mr. Torrey there, Avith whom din'd at Mr. Danforth's, and 
wdth Mr. Nehem. and Gershom Hobart. I sat in Mr. 
Stoughton's Pue ; His family not well. 

^ This sheet is said to be of four quarto pages, one of which is blank, and 
was printed by Richard Pierce for Benjamin Harris. A copy is in the State 
Paper Oifice in London. Felt, History of Salem, I. — Eds. 



1690.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 333 

Oct. 1. Print of the Governour and Council comes out 
shewing their disallowance of the Public Occurrences. 

Oct. 2. Mr. Mather writes a very sharp Letter about it. 

Oct. 13. John Marion jun' is chosen Clerk of the South- 
Company and Sworn, had 23 Votes. 

Oct 7. Mrs. Cook aged 75 years died. 

Oct. 9. Buried in the new burying place. Maj!" Rich- 
ards, Majy Generall, Majf Hutchinson, Col. Shrimpton, 
Sewall and Addington, Bearers. Buried after the Fast. 

Oct. 14. Fast at Roxbury, I go thether on foot ; Lady 
Phipps there, is come to Town again it seems, the Small 
Pocks being at Charlestown. 

Oct. 15. Had Sam. over to Winisimet to see his Unkle 
Stephen, Mr. Evans carried him home behind him from 
the Ferry. 

Oct. 19*.^. Mrs. Goose dies of an Apoplexy. 

Oct. 21. Is buried in the new burying j^lace, Sewall, 
Addington ; Eliot, Frary ; Townsend, Allen ; Bearers. Is 
a rumor in Town that Sir Edmund is to come Governour 
of New- York, and Col. Slater our Governour. Tories are 
flush' d, and 'tis said were drinking Sir Edmund's Health 
last night at Neh. Pierce's. Capt. Hainond refused last 
week to deliver the Records. 

Tuesday, Nov. 4. Accompanied Mr. Stoughton to Col. 
Paige's. He sent his Coach to the Ferry for us. Found 
at 's house Col. Gedney, Major Brown, and my brother 
Sewall ; had a sumtuous Feast. Col. Gedney presses 
earnestly that Volunteers may be encouraged Eastward. 

Thorsday, November the Sixth 1690, at my House in 
Boston Samuel Haugh and Mr. Thomas Savage mutually 
sign'd, seal'd and deliver'd Indentures to each other ; Sam. 
to serve him from 7"^ Oct! last. Seven years and Six 
Moneths. Witnesses, S. S. Joseph Wheeler, Jn" Cole, 
Thomas Banister. 

Friday, Nov. 8, 1690. Read Gov^ Leisler's extream 
sharp Letter. Jn? Hoar comes into the Lobby and saia 



334 DIARY. OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1690. 

he comes from the Lord, by the Lord, to speak for the 
Lord ; Complains that Sins as bad as Sodom's found here. 
Pass 20. Rates, a Bill to encourage Volunteers. Head 
money to be but 12*^ for each of the 20 Rates. About 8. 
at night, Governour and Magistrates goe into the Deputy's 
Room, Governour prays that Mountain of the Lord's House 
may be established in the top of the mountains, &c. Ad- 
journs the Court to the 10"' of December at 9. mane. 
Between 9. and 10. at night, Governour sends to me and 
enforms of the defeat at Canada; and that Urrumbee, 
Hawkins, and other chief Indians sued for peace. News 
of Canada came from Salem. Shute comes into Boston 
that night or next morning, hath thrown over aboard more 
than Sixty persons since his going hence, most Indians of 
Plimouth. Town much lill'd wdth the discourse, and some 
cast blame on Major Walley ; were nine weeks getting 
thether and landed not before the 7*^ or 8*!^ of October. 

Satterday, Nov. 8. Council meets. Send away Major 
Hutchinson, Capt. Townsend and others to Wells to treat 
with the Indians, and commit the care of the sick on board 
Shute, to the Select-Men. Two lie dead on board at this 
time, the Small Pocks and Cold kills them.^ 

Friday, Novemb!^ 21, 1690. Mr. Sam^ Willard, Mr. Edw. 
Rawson, Capt. Joshua Scottow, Deacon Jacob Eliot, Dea- 
con Theophilus Frary and Samuel Sewall met together, at 
said Se wall's House in Boston. Mr. Edward Rawson in 
rcijard of his Asre, and dwelling;: out of Town desired that 
Mrs. Judith Winthrop's Deed of the Meeting-house Land 
in Boston, her Receipt, Mr. Leveret's Release, Mrs. Nor- 
ton's Deed of Gift 1669, Mrs. Norton's Deed of Gift 1677, 
An Instrument of Mr. Edw. Rawson, Capt. Joshua Scot- 

1 Hutchinson, I. 404, says a truce was made at Sagadahoc, Xov. 19, 1G90, 
by Capt. John Alden, with the Indian chiefs Edgeremet, Toqualniot, Watom- 
bamet, Naictumbuit, Walombec, and John Hawkins. He adds that the 
Indian name of the last chief is not given, and that the others are all names 
of dignity, not personal appellations. — Eds. 



1690.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 335 

tow, and Capt. Jacob Eliot to Sam! Sewall and others, being 
Six Writings in all, should be put into a Chest to be pro- 
vided for that purpose, on which a Coper plate to be fas- 
tened with this Engraving, South Church, and Mr. Peter 
Sergeant to be entreated to keep the said Chest in his 
house, being of Brick and conveniently situated ; and 
that, if can conveniently do, also put the Church plate 
in said Chest ; and said Edward Kawson coinitted the 
above-mentioned writings to said Eliot to be disposed of 
as above with as great Speed as conveniently may be, 
accordino^ to this Ao;reement. 

Signed by — Edward Rawson. 

Sam Sewall. 

j. scottow. 

Jacob Eliot. 

Theo. Frary. 

Nov. 21. I accompanied Capt. Hill to the Funeral of 
Joseph Asgood, or Asbud, of Almsbury, a souldier of about 
18 years old who died at Fort-hill of the Small Pocks. Mr. 
Laurence, Capt. Davis's Son-in-Law, is buried this day ; so 
that Five own Sisters are now Widows. 'Twas Tuesday, 
the 18^? of November, that I heard of the death of Capt. 
Stephen Greenleaf, Lieut. James Smith and Ensign W"? 
Longfellow, Serj!' Increase Pilsbury, who with Will Mitch- 
ell, Jabez Musgro, and four more were drown'd at Cape 
Britoon on Friday night the last of October. 

Satterday, Nov. 22. Went to the burial of Major Sam' 
Ward ; was buried a very little to the Westward of our 
Tomb. Major Walley, Savage, Townsend ; Capt. Wing, 
Grcenough, Barnard, Bearers. Gov^ Bradstrect and 's 
Lady went next the Herse. Was buried from Mr. Skifier's, 
a Relation. Major Hutchinson with about 13 files 4 deep, 
attended the funeral. One Volley only, because of the 
scarcity of Powder. 

Wednesday, Nov. 2G*^ Mr. Willard and I rid to Dor- 



336 DIARY OF SAMU1:L SEWALL. [1690 

Chester, from thence with Mr. Stoughton and Danforth, 
the Minister, to Braintrey, where met Mr. Torrey. I 
sign'd a Lease to Nehem. Hayden ; Mr. Stoughton, Unkle 
Quinsey and his Son Witnesses. Mr. Torrey is for a Fast, 
or at least a Fast first. Mr. Willard for a Thankso-iving- 
first. Mr. Torrey fears lest a Thanksgiving should tend 
to harden people in their carnal confidence. Cousin Gookin 
grows worse of her brest rather than better. Were wet 
coming home ; met Mr. Caleb Moodey and N. Gooding on 
Crane's plain, riding to meet the Son of said Moodey, who 
came home in Jarvis and landed at Cape-Cod Harbour. 
When came home went to Capt. Hill's to the Meeting. I 
read the IV}} Sermon of Mr. Flavell to the end of the 3'f 
Excellency ; 6 first Lines I composed with my own hand 
in London concerning God's being the Centre and Rest of 
the Soul. No body ask'd for the Meeting, so I invited 
them to our house. [See note in errata, p. 510.] 

Nov. 27. As 2'-^ Bell is begun to be rung for Lecture, 
the Cleper falls out, the staple that held it being broken. 
At night Goodm. Williams rings the South-Bell for 9 
aclock, at which many people started, fearing there had 
been fire. No rino-inji: at the Old Meeting;-House on the 
Sabbath, Nov. 30, nor 9 aclock Bell since Thorsday, that 
I have heard. 

Nov. 29. MenvaP had a hearinir before the Council as 



1 Monsieur de Menevall was the Governor of Port Royal in Acadie, and 
was brought here by Phips as a prisoner of war. In Mass. Arcliives, A'ol. 
XXXVl., are some papers relating to him. Thus (p. 233), Governor IJra.l- 
street gave him leave, Oct. 6, 1G90, to go to any part of Europe, with two 
servants. But, Dec. 25, 1690 (p. 262), Pliips ordered him to be sent to jail 
for breaking the articles of treaty. 

Jan. 7, 1600-1, Bradstreet wi'ites a private letter to Phips, saying that the 
Council made an order, December 30, for the delivery to Meneval of his chest 
and clothes, " taken into custody l)y your order when he was brought up from 
on board the vessel." But as i\I. has not received them, and is in great want 
of his clothes, Bradstreet reminds Phips of that order, and hopes he will 
execute it. 

It seems, from a letter in Vol. XXXVII., p. 2, that the Chevalier de la 



1690.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 337 

to Money of his in Sir William's hand : very fierie words 
between Sir William and Mr. Nelson. When Sir William 
went out seemed to say would never come there more, had 
been so abus'd by said Nelson, and if Council would not 
right him, he would right himself. 

Nov. 30. Tis extream cold and poor Cous. Savage is 
still aboard at Nantasket, not being able to be brought up 
yesterday, wind so high, he so low brought by wound and 
sickness. 

Dec. 1, 1690. The Pink Eagle 80 Tuns, Joseph Buddy 
Master, Loaden for Jamaica, was burnt in the Harbour, 
very little sav'd besides a new Cable ; came by Careless- 
ness. Owners, Capt. Checkly, his Brother Sam. Mr, 
Foxcroft. 

Dec. 1. Went to the Funeral of John Hews of New- 
bury, a Souldier from Canada, died of the bloody flux. 
Mr. Moodey and his Son went next the Corps, Major 
Richards and Hutchinson next, Sewall and Thornton, Capt. 
Hall, &c. ; about 30 or 40 Men and Women : Extream 
Cold. Visited Sir William, so home. 

Dec. 2. Lieut. Ephr. Sale dies. 

Dec. 3. Brother Needham dies and Goodw. Deacon. 
I was with Brother Needham on Tuesday about 11. aclock 
and had comfortable discourse with him ; I had much adoe 
to persuade him to let me help him on with his Jacket ; 
he was much affected with the kindness. 

Satterday, Dec. 6. Brother W!" Needham is buried 
about 3 aclock : Bearers, Deacon Eliot, Frary, Allen, Tom- 
son, Bridgham. Had Rings and Gloves. Executors sent 
me a Rinii;. 

Wednesday, Dec. 3, 1690. A Church is gathered, and 
Mr. Jolni Whiting Ordained Minister at Lancaster. Mr. 
Sam Whiting gives him his Charo-e, Mr. Estabrooks o;ives 



Tourasse was made Governor of Port Royal by our government after the 
capture. — Eds. 



338 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1690. 

the Right hand of Fellowship ; Mr. Brinsmead and others 
there. 

Monday, Dec. 8. Din'd with me at the Eoyal Exchange, 
Sir William Phips, Isaac Addington Esqr., Mr. Sam' Wil- 
lard, Capt. Joshua Scottow, Capt. Nath! Bj^field, Mr. Peter 
Sergeant, Samson Sheaf, Thomas Brattle, Jn" Eyre, Henry 
Derings, Capt. James Hill. Twelve in all. 

Dec. 16, 1690. Very cold. I visit the Major Generall 
in the even, who has kept house ever since Wednesday 
last, through pain and Indisposition by putting his Ankle- 
bone of his right legg out of joynt. Advised him of the 
Fast to morrow. 

I spoke wnth Mr. Partridge about Kittery Grant, that if 
he cut any Masts there, he should give me an account of 
them, and I would use him well. He said he got Masts 
at Exeter, and not there this winter : and would be sure 
to wrong no man, much less me. 

Wednesday, DecembT 17, 1690. A Day of Prayer is 
kept at the Townhouse, Mr. Allen prays, Mr. Moodey 
preaches, Mr. Willard prays. 'Tis so cold and so much 
Ice in Charlestown River, that neither Dept. Governour, 
Treasurer, Mr. Morton, nor Charlestown Deputies could 
get over. Mr. Russel hath the Small Pocks which stays 
him. Mr. C. Mather is ill, and can't come. Major Gen- 
erall has put his Ankle out of joynt, he not there. Col. 
Shrimpton and Deacon Eliot were there. This morning 
w^e have the sad news of the death of Mr. John Clark, our 
beloved Physician, between 4. and 5. mane. 

Dec. 19, 1690. Heard Mr. Tliacher preach at neigh- 
bour Ilerridges ; then went to the Funeral of Mr. Jn° 
Clark ; Bearers, Richards, Hutchinson, Addington, Mid- 
dlecot ; Townsend, Turell. Governour [Bradstreet], Sir 
William, Major Johnson, Treasurer [Phillips], and Sewall 
went next the Relations. Warm Southerly wetlier. Three 
desirable Men now dead ; one out of each Church. Our 
Mr. Pain, the oldest, being about 68. 



169f.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 339 

December 23, 1690. Major Pike tells me in the Town- 
house of Eliakim Mather's being come. Came with Mr. 
Cotton about noon, but I saw him not till night, being 
detained at the Townhouse all day. 

Dec. 29, 1690. Mr. Addington and I goe to Sir William 
Phips's, where Mr. Moodey and Mr. Mather in his Border: 
had very sharp discourse ; Mr. Mather very angrily said 
that they who did such things as suffering Sir William to 
be arrested by Meneval, were Frenchmen, or the people 
would say they w^ere, &c. 

Dec. 30. Council orders the Writt ag;ainst Sir William 
to be null. 

Dec. 31. Visit Cousin Savage at Reading, who keeps 
his Bed, and can hardly stir, yet is cheerly. 

Jan. 1, [169f .] Visit Capt. Clap. Mr. Allen preaches 
against minding our own things, &c. His house broken 
up in Lecture time and above 40<£ in Money stolen. 

Jan. 2. Eliezer Russel buried. 

Jan. 3. Josiah Grice, a very usefull man and good 
Christian, died last night. -Mrs. Ruck buried this day, 
Sam. Clark's Aunt; outliving her Son but a very little 
while. 

Jan. T^. Mr. Addins-ton and I went to Mr. Cotton 
Mather, and expostulated with him about the discourse at 
Sir William's, and the Remonstrance brought to the Coun- 
cil b}^ Capt. Greenough and Mr. Coleman the Tuesday 
following : and hope 'twill tend to promote Charity and 
Peace. 

Satterday, Jan. 10, 169f . Betty with her Sister and 
others were riding in a sled, and the Indian who drove it 
struck Betty with his Goad on the side of the head so as 
to make it bleed pretty much and swell, but thanks ho 
to God, no danger now the fright is over, and heals. 

Sabbath, Jan. 1P'.\ At night the House of Joshua 
Gardener, at Muddy-River, is burnt, and two of his Chil- 
dren ; the Lord help us to repent that we do nut likewise 



340 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [169f. 

perish. Twas my turn to Watch. I sent Eliakim ; the 
north watch saw the light of the fire. 

Jan. 21, 169f . Meeting at Mr. Woodmancies in Major 
WalUes house. A cry of fire was made which much dis- 
turb'd us in the middle of Sermon ; it prov'd to be Mr. 
Pole's Chimney, which made a great light. Snow on the 
houses which prevented danger. Sermon, Brother Emons 
read, was about Hungring and Thirsting after Righteous- 
ness. Mr. Burroughs on the Beatitudes. Sung 2^. part 
45. Psal. Mr. Burroughs referring to the time of the new 
Jerusalem. Very Cold. 

Satterday, Jan. 24, 169f . Wear comes in ; came from 
Cows Dec'" 1 ; brings Mr. Dudley, Mr. Brenton and 
others. 

Jan. 26. Mr. Brenton exhibits his Coinission, under the 
Broad Seal, for exercising the Office of Collector, Surveyor 
and Searcher. 

Jan. 27"'. Major Generall comes not, so that had much 
adoe to persuade Major Hutchinson to hold the Court, it 
seeming so odd for only three freshmen to hold it where 
seven or more of the chiefest and ablest used to keep 
Court ; by that means begun not till past noon. 

Feb. 2. This morn Capt. Roger Clap dies, about 86 
years old. Capt. Brown arrives at Marblehead, came from 
Plimouth 19".' December. 

Feb. 3. This morn, or last night, Capt. Johnson dies 
suddenly, a very old Man, between 86 and 90.^ On Sab- 
bath-day night, Feb. 1. Col. Shrimpton's Sign, the Royal 
Exchange, is blown down, the Keeper of it run away on 
Satterday. 

Friday, Feb. 6. Mr. Stoughton and Dudley call here. 



1 Savage, under the name of Ireson, quotes this passage from Sewall, 
reading it as Captain Ireson. Yet, under Francis Johnson, he says that tliis 
J. died Feb. 8, 1691. "We may conclude, then, that the second version was 
tlie correct one, and that the person meant is Captain Francis Johnson, of 
Salem and Boston. — Eds. 



169f.] DIAKT OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 341 

which is the first time since his coming from England 
when I was at home. 

Sabbath, Feb. 15. 9. mane, at the desire of Anis Hill, 
1 give a Warrant to search for her Husband, Tho. Hill the 
Tanner, who has been missing ever since last night. This 
day is taken up drown'd. This morn, Elisabeth Dixie 
(now Pemberton) is taken into Church before the Sacra- 
ment. 

Feb. 12. I watch with Mr. Baiiister and Peter Wear ; 
Sit at James Meers's between while because of the Rain, 
darkness and slippiriness. Had a good night. 

Tuesday, Feb. 17. Went in Mr. Shiprev's Boat to Hog- 
Island, to see what Wood the Tenant had cut. Passage 
has been open about a week, and Crooked Lane a 14 
night. 

Feb. 18. Mr. Willard and Capt. Frary came to our 
House. 

March, 3, 169f . About noon Marshall Generall Green 
dies of the Fever, about noon. 

March 4. Buried in the evening. 

March 5. After Lecture Mr. Sam! Gookin is Apointed 
by the Governour and Council to be Marshal Generall till 
the sitting of the Generall Court ; and the Oath adminis- 
tred to him in open Court accordingly. 

March 9, 169f. Town-Meeting. Select-Men chosen, 
Mr. Jn° Joyliff, Tho. Walker, John Foster, Penn Town- 
send, Tim2 Prout, Bozoon Allen, Jeremiah Duiner, Jn° 
Marion, SenI", Obadiah Gill. Town-Treasurer, chosen by 
papers, Mr. James Taylor. Select-Men last year, now 
passed by, are Capt. Turell, James Hill, Mr. Richard 
Middlecot. Constables, Joseph Belknap, Elizur Holyoke, 
Josepli Grant, William Rouse, Jn° Borland, Benj. Bream, 
Samson Duer, George Clark, Tim- Wadswortli. Fin'd 
Jacob Melyen, Jn" Mico, Jn'' Borland. Overseers of the 
Poor, Nath! Williams, Benj. Walker, William Coleiium, 
Sim. Stoddard. 



342 DIAET OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1691. 

March 10*.^ Four Deputies for Boston, Capt. Penn 
Townsend, Capt. Theophilus Frarj, Tim^ Prout, Mr. Adam 
Winthrop, 27 Votes. Mr. Serjeant, Taylor, Eyre had 
several votes. 

March 10*.^, 169J. Cousin Ana Quinsey removes to 
Charlestown with her Children and Goods. 

Monday, March 16. I watch, accompanyed by Serj* 
Jn° Bull, and Corp! Peter Wier : had a very comfortable 
night. Gave money to each Guard. 

March 19, 169f Mr. C. Mather preaches the Lecture 
from Mat. 24., and appoint his portion with the Hypo- 
crites : In his proem said, Totus mundus agit histi'ionem. 
Said one sign of a hypocrit was for a man to strain at a 
Gnat and swallow a Camel. Sio-n in 's Throat discovered 
him ; To be zealous against an inocent fashion, taken up 
and used by the best of men ; and yet make no Conscience 
of being guilty of great Immoralities. Tis supposed means 
wearing of Perriwigs : said w^ould deny themselves in any 
thing but parting with an oportunity to do God service ; 
that so might not offend good Christians. Meaning, I 
suppose, was fain to wear a Perriwig for his health. I 
expected not to hear a vindication of Perriwigs in Boston 
Pulpit by Mr. Mather ; however, not from that Text. 
The Lord give me a good Heart and help to know, and 
not only to know but also to doe his Will ; that my Heart 
and Head may be his. 

March 25, 1691. I walk on foot to Eoxbury, and visit 
Mr. Bowls, who lies very sick of the Small Pocks, this 
the 7"' day. Mr. Walter pray'd with him before I came 
away. 

March 28, 1691. A Post comes to Town from New 
York, and brings a Letter from Henry Sloughter, Gov- 
ernour there, who arrived the 19*!? Instant, on Thorsday. 
Messenger tells us that on Tuesday, and Wednesday be- 
fore, Capt. Leisler fired upon the Town, and killed Six 
persons ; some went to fire a great Gun at the fort, and 



1691.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 343 

by accident, five persons were slain, of whom Ma[tthew.J 
Gregory was one. On Friday, the fort was surrendered, 
out of which 400 marched. Col. Bayard took out of 
Prison, and Capt. Leisler put in his room, and Bayard's 
chain put on 's Legg. Governour had six weeks passage 
from Barmudas, so that some began to think he might 
have been cast away. 

March 27. Mr. Moodey visited us in the even, pray'd 
hard for Assurance. I was at Charlestown Lecture, where 
Mr. Morton Preach'd well about the Light of God's Coun- 
tenance desired by the Saints — very thin Assembly. Mr. 
Russel and I prov'd one Greenland's Will. The L. hear 
the Prayer of Mr. Morton and Moodey for them and me. 
Mr. Moodey talked with me about resisting unto blood, 
the Subject he was to treat of next Sabbath : and wit- 
nesses not being slain. 

April 6^}}. At night, about 12. or 1. set sail in the Pru- 
dent Mary Bark, Daniel Lunt Master, for Newbury ; sail'd 
through Squam, so to Ipswich Bar and Newbury Sound. 
Mrs. Hannah Moodey and Jane Toppan with me ; fell 
aground at Sandy Beach an hour by Sun, Apr. 6. 

Apr. 9".'. Ride and visit Mr. Simms and Ward, take 
Livery of Jn" Kent's Lot. 

Apr. 10*:l' Drive a Nail in Abiel Sommerby's House. 

Apr. 11. Ride to the Falls to visit Sister Longfellow; 
To Peter Cheyny's Mill. 

Apr. 13. To Salem, visit little Sam. Sewall, my Name- 
sake. 

Apr. 14. Home, find all well, blessed be God. 

Apr. 20^.1' 1691. Being pressed with the sense of my 
doing much harm and little good, and breach of Vows at 
my retium from New York, this time twelvemonth, that 
is, not heedfully regarding to go at God's Call, I kept a 
Fast to pray that God would not take away but uphold 
me by his free Spirit. When I came to look, I found it 
to be the very day of the week and year as much as could 



344 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1691. 

be that I set out for New York, which made me hope that 
twas a token for good that God would pardon that Sin 
and Sins since committed. Pray'd for Sister Dorothy, my 
family. New England, that God would fit me for his good 
pleasure in doing and suffering. Treaty Avith Indians to 
be the 1^*^ May, &c. 

Apr. 27. Went with Mr. Moodey on foot to the Ferry, 
and with Major Phillips accompani'd him to Mystick, where 
left him with Mr. Allen the Scholar and other Company 
at the Widow Wade's; as return'd saw Mr. and Mrs. 
Morton at their Farm. This Afternoon had Joseph to 
School to Capt. Townsend's Mother's, his Cousin Jane 
accompanying him, carried his Horn-book. 

Apr. 27, 1691. Din'd at Cous. Dummer's with the 
Select-Men. 

May 4. Eight Companies Train ; I went not into field ; 
in the evening Major and Captains came hether to desire 
me not to lay down my place, Mr. Cotton Mather being 
here, set in with them. Mr. Mather staid and went to 
prayer with us, and had the very expressions us'd by the 
Dept. Governour when He deliver' d me my Comission ; 
viz: Let us serve our Generation accordino- to the Will of 
God, and afterwards fall asleep. 

Satterday, May 16. Between 3. and 4. P.M. Soutli- 
Company is warned to attend on the Election day, by 
Solomon Rainsford, in the Rain. 

May 19, 1691. mane, Mr. Richardson visits me. I ask 
whether he receiv'd my Letter I sent him before my going 
for England. He answered, yes. I tried to reinforce it, 
as to what concern'd his faithfull fullfilling his Ministry. 
What effect twill have God knows. 

May 20*^^. Election-day, very fair and comfortable 
wether. Led the South-Company into the Coiiion, there 
pray'd with them, so march'd with Capt. Hill to the Gov- 
ernour's. Guard consisted of two Files on each Flank, 
&c. ; had but four Drums, made extream bad Volleys at 



1691.] DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 345 

niglit. After being treated by the Governour, the 122. 
Psalm was sung, Mr. Allen got me to set the Tune, which 
was Windsor ; it brought to mind the Psalm sung in that 
very Room in 1686, which Mr. Nowell read. Note. Throw 
what heartlessness I scarce know, but I went not for Mr. 
Morton to bring him to the Meetinghouse, nor to fetch 
him from Mr. Eyre's to diiier, which now I look upon it, 
troubles me much. Mr. Hutchinson and Addington not 
sworn this day. 

May 21. Dept. Governour, Major Generall and I went 
to speak to Mr. Stoughton, desiring him to accept of the 
place he is called to. I bought two answers of Church of 
England Address of Mr. Wilkin, and gave Mr. Stoughton 
one. Major Pike, my self, Matthew Jn^son, Sam! Partrigg, 
and Joseph, are a Committee to consider how Money may 
be got in for present Exigencies. Just as was at our Gate 
with them and a crowd of other people, about 7. aclock, 
Ben. Harris comes to me, and tells that Capt. Leisler and 
Mr. Millburn were executed last Satterday, that Mr. Faii- 
vil brought the news : whereas most were pleasing them- 
selves that there was like to be no such thing, and that 
Gov!" Slou(z:hter becrun to think him an honest man and 
entertain him at his Table. 

May 29^''. Mr, Addington and I wait on Mr. Stoughton 
at Dorchester. 

May 30*.'.'. Mr. Stoughton takes his Oath. 

June 1. Mr. Taylor, Mr. Pierpont and Mr. Walter dine 
with me ; Mr. Walter tells me of a small Paraphrase of 
Mr. Eliot's upon Ezek. 37., written about half a year 
before his death. 

June 2'.' 1G91. Mr. Edward Taylor puts his Son James 
to Mr. Steward, Shopkeeper of Ipswich, for Seven years, 
to serve him as an Aprentice, Term to begin the first of 
July next. Mr. Ta^'lor desires me to represent himself in 
making the Indenture, if Mr. Steward desire tlie accom- 
plishment of it befor lie comes down again. 



346 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1691. 

June 3, 1691. Sister Sewall of Salem comes to see us ; 
5'", Brother comes, tells me Ezekiel Northend is like to go 
to Sister Dorothy again. 6*.'/, goe home. 

June 10"M691. I goe to Salem, visit Mr. Higginson, 
dine with Him, after his Lecture ; view the fortifications. 

June IQ^}}. Brother sends me word of the arrival of Jn" 
Ingersoll, well laden with good Salt. Sister Dorothy's 
being come thether the night before, intends hether 
shortly. 

June 17. Fast at the Townhouse, Magistrates, Minis- 
ters : Mr. Hale, Bayly, Brinsmead, Torrey, Moodey, Wil- 
lard pray, Mr. Lee preaches. Mr. Fisk, Thacher, Gookin, 
Jn° Danforth sup here. 

June 19'.? 1691. The Reverend Mr. John Wilson, Pas- 
tor of the Church at Medfield, came before me, and seal'd 
and published a certain Writing to be his last Will and 
Testament, to which accordingly I subscribed my name in 
the place of the Witnesses j Bromfield, Clark, Sharp having 
subscribed before. 

Monday, June 22. Sam. Topan brings Sister Dorothy 
to Town. Tom. Hitchborns Son drowned this day. I 
watch at night in the Ensign's turn with Serj* Bull o.nd 
Corp! Weare. 

June 29. Went to the Island, had my Daughters Haliah 
and Elisabeth wdth me. Went to see about buildino; a 
room for Goodw. Balchar to doe her work in. Cornelius 
Creek and Jn'' Wells row'd us in Mr. Shiprevs Boat. Yes- 
terday Rainsford arriv'd with IT Men that remained alive 
on Antis Coti [Anticosti] ; 4 dead of Small Pocks since 
the Longboat's coming. They saw Ten Sail of Frenchmen 
standing for Canada River, many of them suppos'd to be 
of 3. and 2 hundred Tuns. 

July 20. Much Lightening in a Cloud toward the Cas- 
tle, which many observ'd and talk'd of. 

Wednesday, July 22. Brought the Major Generall, 
gointj: to Jamaica, and under the Oak over ao-ainst the 



1691.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 347 

Schoolhouse took leave. Is at last gon to New London 
to settle his affairs j which Journey he has a very long 
time talk'd of. 

Wednesday, Augt. 5*.^. The death of Gov' Sloughter is 
talk'd of through the Town, News came last night or this 
morning. Capt. Scottow told it here as was at Breakfast 
with Mr. Torrey and me. Cousin David Hobart here. 

Thorsday, Augt. 6. Very great Thunder and Lighten- 
ing last night between 1. and 4. past midnight, from the 
Southward first, and then from the Northward. Hear 
already that a Barn at Maiden is burnt by it. 

Augt. 11, 1691. Sentenc'd Francis Allen and two 
Frenchmen : admonish'd Humfry Johnson of Hingham 
and his wife for living apart. Mr. Pay son din'd with us. 
Adjourn'd to this day 14 night, 1. P.M. 

August 14. Went to Charlestown-Lecture, from thence 
walkd to Cambridge with Mr. Addington to visit the 
Deputy Governour, who has kept his Bed these three 
days, having an inward Fever. Visited the Colledge and 
so came from thence about Sunset in the Shadow of the 
Evening. Mr. Moodey preached the Lecture from Acts 
IG. 29, 30. Shew'd that such an anxious Speedy Enquiry 
after Salvation, was a good step towards it. 

Augt. 19, 1691. .Sent Jane to Newbury by Tim^ Bur- 
benk, to help tend her Brother Sam. Toppan, who is there 
taken ill of the Small Pocks. 

Augt. 23, 1691. Sabbath-day, about 3 P.M. The Rev? 
Mr. John Wilson of Meadfield dies, being 70. years of age 
wanting a moneth. vid. June 19'.'.'. 

Augt. 28. Friday. Fast at Charlestown, where I am. 
After my coming home when 'tis almost dark, Jane Top- 
pan comes in from Newbury and brings the very sorrow- 
full News of the death of Cous. Sam. Toppan last Tuesday 
night about nine of the Clock ; buried the Wednesday 
nigi-lit followinfj-, because of the Heat. No jNIiuister with 
him : Mr. Shove prayd not with him at all, went not to 



348 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1691 

liim till was just dying : suppose might be afraid of 's 
school. Sam. bewail'd his not minding Spiritual things 
more, and that times were such as that things of that 
nature were scoff'd at. About Monday night last as Jo- 
seph was going into Cradle, He said, News from Heaven, 
the French were come, and mention'd Canada. No body 
has been tampering with him as I could learn. The Lord 
help us to repent that we may not perish, as probably 
Eliakim and those with him have done ; and now poor 
Cousin Sam. 

Sept. 1, 1691. Went to a Fast at Dorchester, Mr. Dan- 
forth pray'd and preach'd. Mr. Moodey pray'd in the 
Afternoon, Mr. Torrey preach'd, pray'd, had a comfortable 
day. Before came home, supp'd at Mr. Stoughton's in 
company of Mr. Danforth and wife, Mrs. Hanah Moodey, 
Mr. Edw. Rawson, Mr. Moodey, Torrey, Bondet, Mr. Sam. 
Moodey. 

Sept. 2, 1691. Went with Mr. Moodey and visited the 
Dept. Governour, Mr. Stoughton and Russel came in. Mr. 
Moodey pray'd. Dame Mitchelson present, earnestly de- 
siring prayers. Mrs. Danforth tells me that Goodw. Lux- 
ford was buried yesterday, died of the Fever after four 
years Torment or more, of a Chronical Illness. Deacon 
Cooper died a little while agon, a very good Man. 

Sept. 5. I went over the water with Sam. Haugh to 
his farm to view the Carpenters Work. 

Sept. 14, 1691. Mr. Parker comes to me by my desire ; 
tells me there was no Rigging on the Mast he saw ; at the 
[?] he called and said, did think it was Condey's Mast, 
there was no Rigging on it : Condey is his Sister's Son. 
Saith there is now a report from Barbados that Condey is 
cast away on Cuba, and all the men safe. Utinain. 

Sept. 14, 1691. Nine Companys Train, Capt. Smith of 
Wifiisimet making one. The Troop also in Arms led by 
Lieut. Swift, Capt. Eliot being sick of the Fever and Ague. 
South Company chose two Corporals; Tho Banister who 



1G91.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 351 

had nineteen Votes, and Thomas Walker junT who had 
Twenty Votes. They who came next, were Tho. Walhs, 
who had fifteen votes, and John Mason, who had Nine. 
By reason of Capt. Smith, drew into Three Divisions : 
South Company, Major Savage and Smith made one : 
Horse charg'd each Division twice or thrice, and so 
drew off. 

Din'd at Mrs. Man's; had the Governour, Mr. Willard, 
Bayly, Capt. Dumer. 

After the Training Edward Cowell was buried ; died at 
Hingham ; Corps brought hether by water. Mr. Baily on 
a White Horse prayd at finishing the Exercise. Thanked 
God that no evil accident had been this day. 

Sept. 17* 1691. Capt. Scottow's Sappho tells me that 
Sister Dorothy was married last Wednesday sennight and 
was gon to Rowley. 

Sept. 25".' 1691. Elisabeth Clements of Havarill is tried 
for murdering her two female bastard children. 

Sept. 26. She is brought in guilty by the Jury, Mr. 
Crisp Foreman. Mr. Stoughton was not in Court on Friday 
afternoon when the Trial was;' and went off the Bench on 
Satterday morn when the Jury were call'd to give in their 
verdict. Persons present were, Gov^, Russel, Johnson, 
Hathorn, Hutchinson, Sewall, Addington, Phillips. 

Friday, Oct. 9. Mr. Baily preaches the Lecture at 
Charlestown ; After Lecture Mr. Morton dines in his new 
House, one Room being clos'd. Were at Table, Mr. Mor- 
ton and Mrs., My Lady Phips, Mr. Moodey and Mrs., Mr. 
Allen, Mr. Baily, little Jn° Bailey. 

Monday, Oct. 121'.', 1691. Eight Companys Train ; ex- 
ercise single in the morn. I dine in the late Mr. Tliacher's 
Study, have there Major Richards, Major Generall Win- 
throp, Mr. Addington, Mr. Willard, Capt. Scottow, Mr. 
Waldron. It seems Major Richards serv'd his time in the 
House, to Major Gibbons. Capt. Scottow told us that one 
of his Squadrons did now make two Captain's Companies. 



348 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1691. 

' Exercise Regimentally in the Afternoon ; when concluded, 
Mr. Mather prayd. 

Oct. 16. Ordered the Clark to warn the Officers to 
meet me at Serg* Bull's. After the meeting at Mr. Wil- 
lards went thether. Serj* Bull, Rainsford, Odlin ; Corp! 
Wheeler, Weare, Banister, Jn° and Isaac Marion there. 
I acquainted them with my inability to serve longer as a 
Captain, and my desire the Company might be setled. 

This day a Dutchman comes in with a French Prize 
taken in Lat. 25. to the Eastward of Barmudas, bound for 
Brest. Elisa. Emerson was brought to the Bar to be sen- 
tenc'd, she deliverd a Petition to the General Court, so 
she was sent back to Prison again. 

Satterday, Oct. 18. P.M. Had my four children to Mr. 
Robert Saunderson to receive his Blessing as he lay on his 
Bed : hath not been at Meetinsi: these two Sabbath-davs : 
his Right Eye is grieved with a Rheum, &c. 

Oct. 19, 1691. Mr. Cotton Mather visits me ; we meet 
Mr. Willard, and He comes in also. Talk of parting. This 
day news is brought of Capt. Alden's being Taken by a 
French Frigot at St. John's, Mr. Nelson carried to Quibeck ; ^ 
Col. Tyng and Mr. Jn" Alden jun*" kept Prisoners till Ar- 
ticles made for Capt. Alden's coming home be fullfill'd. 
There is Loss to Boston Merchants about 18.000 pounds ; 



1 There will be found in Hutchinson's History, I. 378, an interestina: note 
in regard to Xelson. He was a relative of Sir Thomas Temple, and was an 
ardent patriot. He brought to Boston the news of the landing of the Prince 
of Orange, and was one of the leaders in the revolt against Andros. 

After his capture, he ran great risks in order to send information home 
concerning the French plans. Hutchinson prints a letter, saying tliat it 
should " be made public, to do honor to the memory of Nelson. " This letter 
of Aug. 26, 1692, was sent by two Frenchmen, whom he bribed. They were 
taken after'wards, and his share in the affair revealed. He was sent to Fi-ance, 
and strictly confined for two years. Afterwards, he was sent to England on 
parole; and, contrary to the orders of King William, he returned to France 
to surrender himself. Again released, he was brought into trouble in Eng- 
land for his disobedience. Eventually he reached New England, after ten 
or eleven years' absence. — Eds. 



1691.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 351 

besides what prejudice may come by the Intelligence the 
French may extort from our Men. This day the Marshal 
General tells me that above fifty Sheep were kill'd at 
Cambridge last night, having their Throats bitten, and 
blood suck'd. 

Thorsday, Oct. 22. Mr. Nehemiah Walter marries Mrs. 
Sarah Mather before John Phillips, Esqr. 

Sabbath, Oct. 25. Capt. Frary's voice failing him m 
his own Essay, by reason of his Palsie, he calls to me to 
set the Tune, which accordingly I doe; 17, 18, 19, 20, 
verses 68"? Psalm, Windsor Tune ; After the Lord's Sup- 
per, 6, 7, 8, 9, verses IQ^}} Low-Dutch. P.M. 2^ staves of 
141. Ps. St. Davids, Jehova, I upon Thee call. After 
Evening Exercise, 2^ part 84^.!' Ps. Litchfield ; I knew not 
that had the Tune till g-ot to the 2'] Line, beina: somewhat 
surprized, though design'd that Tune. I would have as- 
sisted Capt. Frary but scarce knew what Tune he design'd ; 
and the Tune I guess'd at, was in so high a Key that I 
could not reach it. 

Sabbath, Oct. 25, 1691. Boston, N. E. I pray'd this 
morn that God would give me a pardon of my Sins under 
the Broad Seal of Heaven ; and through God's goodness 
have receiv'd some Refreshment and Light ; I hope I doe 
thirst after Christ ; and sensible of my own folly and 
Loathsomness that I value Him no more, and am so back- 
ward to be married by Him. 

Wednesday, Oct. 28, 1691. My wife is brought to Bed 
of a Daughter about 8. in the morning ; Elisabeth Weeden, 
Midwife. Rose about 4. m. 

Sabl)ath. Xoveuib'^ 1. A very pleasant day. Mr. Wil- 
lard baptiseth my Daughter Mary, was enlarged in Prnyer, 
none else baptised. Capt. Eliot not being abroad, I set the 
Tune again ; Martyr's, St. Davids, Oxford. 

Mrs. Richards dies this day. 

Monda}^, Nov. 2. I ride to New Cambridge to ^Ir. Neh. 
Hobart's to see his Dwelling, and prepare a place for Sam. 



352 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1691 

Visit Mrs. Oakes as I come home, at her Cousin Chaney's. 
Visit Mr. Fitch at Mr. Bailyes. Mr. Dudley. 

Nov. 3, 1691. Mr. James Lloyd marryes Mrs. Rebecka 
Leverett. 

Wednesday, Nov. 4, 1691. Went to the Funeral of 
Mrs. Richards; Mr. Stoughton, Major General Winthrop, 
Mr. Russel, Sewall, Addington, Phillips, Bearers. Was put 
in a new Tomb in the North-burying Place. Bearers had 
Scarvs and Rings. Saw not Mr. Dudley there. Govern- 
our went thether on foot in the wet and dirt, and home 
again. Much Rain fell last night and this morning ; fair 
wether at the Funeral. Sir Robert Robison there. No 
Minister out of Town that I saw, save Mr. Morton. Mr. 
Moodey at Portsmouth. 

Yesterday had the News that Mr. Hatches Sloop, bur- 
thened 40. Tuns, was run away with by Rogues we heard 
were drownd. Sloop was richly laden, which makes the 
stroke the greater, especially to Hatch, who was removing 
to dwell at Conecticut. 

Satterday, Nov. 7*'' 1691. Mr. Shove sets out for Marl- 
borough in his way to Simsbury, Joseph Strickland and 
others accompanying him. 

Sabbath, Nov. 8. Is a Contribution for the Fronteer 
Towns ; Capt. Eliot, though abroad on the Day of the 
Thanksgiving, is now ill again, of the bloody Flux, it 
seems ; I set the Tune ; York, Windsor, 119*1' Ps., on the 
two last Staves of the 34^!' Psalm. 

Nov. 10, 1691. Council of Churches meet at Lin. From 
Boston, Mr. Willard, Sewall, Frary ; Allen, Hutchinson, 
Bridgham ; Mather, Foster, Keech : Maiden, Wiggles- 
worth, Sprague, Green ; Salem, Noyes, Hathorn, Corwin, 
Gardener, Lindon. Had much adoe to prevail with the 
Church to own us as a Council, but did do it at last ; 
heard what was to be said, drew up our Advice by Mr. 
Cotton Mather ; wherein all parties blamed ; They ac- 
cepted of it and thank'd us heartily for our visiting them. 



1691.] DIAKT OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 353 

Bell was rung both times before went into Meetinghouse. 
Mr. Wigglesworth Moderator. 

Thorsday, Nov. 19*.^ 1691. Sam. goes to Cambridge 
with Mr. Henry Newman, who is to carry him to morrow 
Nov. 20. to Mr. Neh. Hobart's at New Cambridge. 

Nov. IS*.!*. Last night the Governour was taken with 
the Stone, so the Council meet at his House ; He was at 
the Town-house yesterday but then the Wether hinder'd 
the Council's meeting. 

Tuesday, Dec. 1, 1691. Brother W™ Moodey brings 
Sister Gerrish to see us ; she is great with child, looks to 
ly in the latter end of February, with her eighth. 

Dec. 2. Very stormy day of Snow and Rain ; by the 
fire I speak earnestly to Sister to make sure of an Interest 
in Christ, being alone. 

Friday, Dec. 4. Brother Moodey and Sister Gerrish 
take their journey homeward, intend to call at Salem, 
notwithstandins; the Small Pocks. 

Monday, Dec. 7*. I ride to New-Cambridge to see 
Sam. He could hardly speak to me, his affections were 
so mov'd, having not seen me for above a fortnight ; his 
Cough is still very bad, much increas'd by his going to 
Cambrido-e on foot in the nig-ht. Mr. Hobart not at home. 
Mr. Lawson was by accident there, and so had the benefit 
of his Company home. Got well home before 6. aclock, 
set out from home after 12. Staid there about 1} hour. 
Laus Deo. 

Monday, Dec. 21, 1691. I went with Mr. Addington 
and his wife to Muddy-River, to the House of Joshua 
Gardener, where came Mr. Walter and his wife, Mr. Den- 
ison and wife. Sir Ruggles and Mrs. Weld the 31 other. 
Had a very good Diner. Mr. Walter crav'd a Blessing, 
Mr, Denison return'd Thanks, mentioning the sad Provi- 
dence that befell them last January, and God's pi'cscnt 
smiles in their new House and children ; Mr. Walter 
pray'd that God would double their Mercies. Siuig the 

23 



354 DIAET OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [169^. 

23. Ps. and 18*1^ v. 51. Mr. Walter desired me to set the 
Tune, which I did ; St. David's. Twas so late before Mrs. 
Weld came, that got home by Moon-Light. Wife was 
invited, but went not by reason of the Cold. Was glad of 
this opportunity to converse with Mr. Walter, Denison and 
their waives. The Lord give me to believe on his Son, and 
fit me for His Entertainment in Heaven. 

December 25, 1691. General Court passes an order for 
prohibiting Frenchmen being in the Seaports or Frontier 
Towns, except by License from the Governour and Council ; 
and pass an order for Laying a Duty on things exported 
and imported, to defray the charge of a Guard-Ship. Ad- 
journ to the 8"' of March. 

The marriage of Hana Owen with her Husband's Brother, 
is declar'd null by the Court of Assistants. She coinanded 
not to entertain him ; enjoin'd to make a Confession at 
Braintrey before the Congregation on Lecture day, or 
Sabbath, pay Fees of Court and prison, &c. and to be 
dismissed. Governour not abroad to day. 

Mr. Moodey takes his journey towards Portsmouth this 
day. Cold and Snowy. Shops open and business carried 
on as at other times. 

January, 2, 169}. Tim- Dwight dies about 10. mane. 

Boston in N. E. January 2, 169|^. I had been at Mrs. 
Collucott's, and coming home between 12. and 1. I call'd 
to see Tim- Dwight, and as I stept into the Room, saw 
him laid out under the sheet. 

Monda}^, Jan. 4*:^ Went to the Funeral of Tim. Dwight. 
Cous. Duiner, Capt. Jn" Walley, Capt. Wing, Rowse, Tho. 
Savage, Goldsmith, Rob* Saunderson, Bearers. Mr. Joyliff 
and I went next the Relations ; by the Dock-head Mr. 
Willard struck in : no Minister before : buried at the new 
burying place ; somthing troublesom going, by reason of 
the great Snow^ fell yesterday. 38 years old. Lord grant 
that I may be ready, when the Cry shall be, Behold, the 
Bridegroom cometh. 



169^] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 355 

Tuesday, Jan. 12, 169|. Major Hutchinson and I visit 
Major Johnson, Mr. Hez. Usher and Sol. Phips in Com- 
pany. He is very glad to see us. Call'd at Betty Gar- 
dener's as came back. This week's Rain and Sun have 
thaw'd the ways as if it were March. Major Johnson has 
kept house about 18 weeks. Takes his disease to be the 
burning Ague mentioned in the Scripture. This night 
[blank] Hamlen, formerly Plats, before that, Crabtree, a 
middle-aged woman,' through some displeasure at her Son 
whom she beat, sat not down to Supper with her Husband 
and a Stranger at Table : when they had done, she took 
away, and in the Room where she set it, took a piece of 
grisly meat of a Shoulder of Mutton into her mouth which 
got into the top of the Larynx and stopt it fast, so she was 
presently choak'd. Tho. Pemberton and others found it 
so when they oj)ened her Throat. She gave a stamp with 
her foot and put her finger in her mouth : but Pemberton 
not at home, and di'd immediately. What need have all 
to Acknowledo-e God in wiiose Hand their breath is, &c. 
Sam. Worden, and another woman, die tho same night, 
and widow Oliver de Sweet, the next day. Attonltus 
tamen est, ingens, cliscrimine parvo comitti potuisse nefas. 
[Ovid, Met., vii. 426.] 1 Cor. 10. 31. 

Jan. 19^}} IQOl'. Visited Mrs. Pool, who lies sick on bed, 

^ Of this much-married person we find nothing definite. Tliere was a 
John Crabtree, of Boston, joiner, who was a very early settler here, and who 
died in 165G. His widow, Alice, married Joshua Ilewes. He had a son, John 
Crabtree, who was of Braintree, and sold (Suff. Deeds, lib. 21, f. 517) (^iie 
cow-common in Boston and lands at jMuddy River granted to his fatlier. 
The Boston Tax List of IGT-i mentions a Benjamin Crabtree, and a Francis 
Crabtree is mentioned in a paper in the Probate Office. 

The Platts reference is more promising. Thomas Platts, of B(iston, 
owner of land on Common, now Tremont Street, in his will, dated Feb. 4, 
1(185-80, mentions wife, Esther, and children, Thomas, Ann, Editli, nnd 
Hannah. He was married as early as March 10, 1679-80. (Suif. Deeds, 
lib. 20, f. 317; lib. 32, f. 223.) 

As to Hamblen or Hamlin, we find Erecte Hamlin in the Boston Tax List 
of 1G87-88, and Thomas Hamblen in 1088 and 1091. But we have not found 
mention of the wife of either. — Eos. 



356 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [169^. 

and has been there this Moneth; gave her one of Mr. 

Willard's Cordials ; was very glad to see me. Speaking 
about Widow Hamlen, she mention'd 1 Cor. 10. 31. Mrs. 
Elisa. Pool has buried five Sisters, Eliot, Gard, Sanford, 
Brown, Burton. Sanford, Gard, have left no Children.-^ 

Jan. 24"' 16 9|-. Gov! Bradstreet comes to Meeting this 
Afternoon, which as I remember has not done in January 
till now. 

Tuesday, Jan. 26, 169J. News comes to Town by Robin 
Orchard, of Dolberry's being arrived at Cape Cod ; Sir 
William Phips made Governour of the Province of New 
England.^ Foy (in whom went Mr. Lee) taken into 
France ; Quelch and Bant also. Six weeks passage from 
Plimouth. This day, almost at the same Time, news was 
brought of an Attack made by the Indians on York. 

Jan. 25, 169|-. I asked Mr.Willard at Mr. Eyre's whether 
the Times would allow one to build an house ; answer'd, I 
wonder you have contented your selvs so long without 
one ; but I little thought what was acted that day at York. 
Got Mr. Eyre to come home with me about 8. at night to 
advise me. 

Feb. 8, 169|-. Gillam arrives, and a Copy of the New 
Charter comes to Mr. Secretaries hand, about which there 
is much discourse. 

Feb. 12, 169-|-. Joshua Atwater dies, falling off the 
outward Wharf; he was drowned about 2. or 3. in the 
morning, intangled in the wood as the Jury brought it 



^ Concerning this lady and her sisters Savage gives us some information. 
He says of Governor W^illiam Brenton, of Rhode Island, that among his 
children were Mehitable, wife of Joseph Brown, of Charlestown; Elizabeth, 
wife of John Pool, of Boston; Sarah, wife of Rev. Joseph Eliot, of Guilford; 
Abigail, wife of Stephen Burton, of Bristol; Martha, wife of John Card (the 
Gard of our text) ; and Mary, wife of Peleg Sanford. — Eds. 

2 The nomination of Sir William Phips was undoubtedly mainly due to 
Increase Mather, as Cotton Mather states impliedly in his Life of Phips. It 
is there called the work of the agents. Sir Henry Ashurst and I. Mather, but 
no one in that generation doubted to whom the suggestion was due. — Eds. 



169J.] DIARY OF jSAMUEL SEWALL. 357 

in ; was going on boa rd the Sloop Mary. Was excom- 
municated. 

Feb. 19, 169i. Major Hutchinson begins his journey 
Eastward agair-ist the Enemy. Mr. Houghton, Major 
General M*- Addington and I brought him going to the 
Ferry, w,ant not over, the wind was so high. The Horse 
ho nte-'^cl^d to have being lame, he took mine. 

Feb- 26; 169|^. News comes to Town of Wear's Arrival 
last flight at Marblehead. Jn'' Hayward brings me a Letter 
axicl news of it, as were at Breakfast wdth Unkle Quinsey, 
jVI}.:. Weld and Brother Stephen. Mrs. Maccarta goes to 
l^er Husband, ill of the Gout. Mr. Whittingham got to 
Town by 5. mane and brought the News. 

Satterday, Feb. 27. Between 4. and 5. tnane, we are 
startled at the roaring of a Beast, which I conjectur'd to 
be an Ox broken loose from a Butcher, rufiing along the 
street, but proved to be our own Cow bitten by a dog, so 
that were forc'd to kill her ; though calved but Jan. 41!" 
and gives plenty of Milk. Hapy are they, wdio have God 
^or their SjDring and Brest of Suplies. Exceeding high 
wind this day at North East. 

Sabbath, Feb. 28. Day is so Stormy that Governour 
went not to Meeting. Madam Bradstreet not well. 

March lltl" 1691. Mrs. Townsend, wife of Capt. Pen 

Townsend, died this morn, about 2 aclock ; by which 

neans Mr. Addington came to the Governour and Assist- 

ints and ask'd excuse as to his attendance at Court, and 

lesir d that I might supply his place. Made an order as to 

oseph Mason, Constable, Watertown. Adjourn'd to the 

^Vst Tuesday in April, at one P.M. Capt. Wincoll brought 

^^-< the Jurv's verdict about Baker Nason's kilHnu' his elder 

_ rother Jonathan Nathan [sic] with his Oar in the Canoe 

"( Pascataquer River : and asks advice whether to keep 

^im there, or send him to Boston-Prison. Seems to have 

^^'me it in 's own defence March 1. 16 9|-. 

Monday, March 14'.!' 169.]-. Mrs. Sarah Townsend bur- 



^ 



358 DIARY OF SAMU#:l SEWALL. L1692. 

ied between 5. and 6. Bearers, SeY.vall, Dumer, Bromfield, 
Hill, Winthrop, Eyre. Went to Mi^ Davies Gate, and 
then turn'd about, and so went into the e^ld burvino- place 
out of the Schoolhouse Lane. Was about 3' years old. 
Set in a brick'd Grave. 

March 141'? 169|. Aniversary Town-Meeting. Select- 
Men, Tho. Walker, 78 — Capt. Bozoon Allen, 75 -_ Capt. 
Jer. Dumer, 74 — Capt. Pen Townsend, 70 — Jrf Maryon, 
69 — Obadia Gill, 68 — Mr. Jn° Foster, 47 — Capt. 'riiJ 
Prout, 32 — Mr. Joseph Bridgham, 30. Mr. Joyliff Igft 
out. 

Mr. Joyliff also lays down his Recorder's place, his sight 
does so much fail him. Overseers of the Poor, Mr. Samuel 
Checkly, Mr. Samuel Lynde, Mr. Edm2 Brown, ^^r. W5 
Robie. The Treasurer was chosen next after the ►, ^elect- 
Men, had 87. Votes, and not one Vote for any body else 
that I saw. 

March 23, 169|-. Capt. Alden sails with Capt. Converse 
for Redemption of Captives [from Canada], and fetching 
home Col. Tyng and Mr. Alden the Son. About 5. P.M. 
Moses Bradford, essaying to draw a youth out of the Water 
at Capt. Wing's Conduit, fell in himself and was drown'd, 
many people round about trying to save him. Boy was 
taken out alive. 

March 24i^}} 169|-. Governour not at Lecture, being in 
disposed. 

April 11"? 1692. Went to Salem, where, in the Meet 
ing-house, the persons accused of Witchcraft were exam 
ined ; was a very great Assembly ; 'twas awf ull to se 
how the afflicted persons were agitated. Mr. Noyc' 
pray'd at the beginning, and Mr. Iligginson concludec' 
[In the margin], Vce, Vce, Vce, Witchcraft.' 

^ The references to the terrible paroxysm of delusion and cruelty co: 
nected with the subject of witchcraft in Salem village are not so frequent ' 
Mr. Sewall's Journal as we should have expected to find them, but the ft' 
which he has made indicate his profound belief in the reality of tlie alleg 



1692.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 359 

April 13*.^ 1692. A Church is gathered at Wrentham, 
and Mr. Man Ordained. Mr. Brinsmead gave the Charge 



enormity while the proceedings were going on, and subsequently, when the 
spell of the delusion was broken, his penitence and deep contrition for the share 
he had had in them. All that a reader may care to know about this distress- 
ing subject will be found most ably and wisely set forth in the two remark- 
able volumes, composed after a most exhaustive research, and luminous with 
the clear and candid intelligence of the author, by our late associate, Charles 
AV. Upham, entitled " Salem AVitchcraft, with an Account of Salem Village.'** 

There had been legal proceedings against reputed witches before the local 
magistrates in Salem more than a month previous to the date of Sewall's 
visit there, above recorded. He went thither with the Deputy-Governor, 
Stoughton, and four other magistrates, for the examination of the last two 
accused persons. Nearly a hundred of such victims were then in the jails, 
awaiting trial. On Governor Phips's return from his Eastern war expedi- 
tion, he appointed, for the emergency, a special conimission of Oyer and 
Terminer, of which Stoughton was the chief, with six associates, including 
Sewall. It must be taken for gi-anted that Sewall had been trying to qualify 
himself for his duties as a magistrate, though we have no information as to 
his legal studies. Indeed, neither of his associates had had any training as 
a lawyer, the authorities of the Colony having always discouraged the pres- 
ence of that pi'ofessional class among them. AA'e may not wonder, therefore, 
that the rules of evidence were so slightly regarded in that tribunal, which 
was itself of questionable legality, as not commissioned by the General Court. 
But what signified professional legal training or judicial rules of proceeding 
and evidence in dealing with a stark delusion, common then to all Christen- 
dom, under the spell of which the most eminent judges and lawyers of all the 
governments of Europe condemned hundreds of thousands of victims ? 

A few facts and dates may be of service to the i-eader. The special Com- 
missioners of Oyer and Terminer were appointed June 13, 1092. They were 
V^'illiam Stoughton, John Kichards, Nathaniel Saltonstall, AVait AVintlu'op, 
Bartholomew Gedney, Samuel Sewall, John Ilathorne, Jonathan Corwin, 
and Peter Sergeant, or any five of them; and their jurisdiction was to be in 
the counties of Suffolk, Essex, and Middlesex. No record of the doings of 
the court is now to be found. It opened in Salem in the first week of June, 
1G92, and met by adjournments on June .30 and August 5. 

" After the executions, on the 22nd of September the court adjourned to 
meet some weeks subsequently; . . . but they met no more." Nineteen 
persons, says Hutchinson, had been executed, all asserting their innocence. 

In January, 1(J93, the grand jury brought bills against about fifty persons, 
but all were acquitted save three, and those were reprieved. 

Ilutcliinson (Hist., II. 61) gives a well-authenticated story that Lady 
Phips, wife of the Governor, did a brave and generous act by signing a 
w^arrant for the discharge of a prisoner. The jail-keeper obeyed, and lost 
his place therefor, but he must have rejoiced afterwai'ds at his costly error. 
— Eds. 



360 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1692. 

and Mr. Gookin the Right Hand of Fellowship. The Church 
of Mendon also sent to and apeared. 

Apr. 25, 1692. Eight Companies Train for the first 
time ; considerable heat, and hurt done in skirmishing just 
at night. Mr. Lawson concluded with prayer ; saluted one 
another with a general volley, gave the South Company 
a Piece of | [a Spanish dollar] to drink. 

May 2. No Artillery Training, so near the Elec- 
tion. 

May 4. Election-Day, Major Hutchinson and Capt. 
Greenough's Companies attend, Mr. Moodey preaches. 
Dine at Wing's. At the Election Capt. Johnson of Woo- 
burn is left out, and Major Richards chosen again. Sir 
William Pliips had the most votes, viz: 969. No Treat 
at the Governour's but Beer, Cider, Wine. 

May 14^:!' 1692. Sir William arrives in the Nonsuch 
Frigat : Candles are lighted before He gets into Town- 
house. Eight Companies wait on Him to his house, and 
then on Mr. [Increase] Mather to his. Made no volleys 
because 'twas Satterday night. 

Monday, May 16. Eight Companies and two from 
Charlestown guard Sir William and his Councillors to the 
Townhouse, where the Coinissions were read and Oaths 
taken. ^ I waited on the Dept. Governour to Town, and 
then was met by Brother Short and Northend, who in- 
form'd me of the dangerous illness of my father, so I went 
with them, and was not present at the Solemnity; found 
my father much better. At Ipswich, as we were going, 



^ We may here mention that the original records of the Council undei 
Andros are missing. Transcripts of the duplicates preserved in the State 
Paper Office in London were pi'ocured some years ago, and are now at our 
State House. But tlie records of the Council from Dec. 29, 1687, to ]\lay 
16, 1692, being the interregnum from Andros to Phips, are lacking entirely. 
Hence we have been unable to collate Sewall's accounts of the proceedings of 
the Assistants. 

The record of the House of Deputies is continuous, however, and affords 
some items of matters referred to or from the other branch. — Eds. 



1692.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 361 

saw a Rainbow just about Sunset, in Company of Brother 
Northend. 

May 24*.!' 1692. First general Council, Major Gedny, 
Walley, Hutchinson, Lothrop, Alcot, Sewall tpok their 
Oaths together, presently after Major Appleton took his. 
Justices of the Peace were nominated for the Province. 

July 13, 1692. Eight Companies in Arms on the Coinon, 
Right-hand File of each Company drawn off for the 
Service. 

July 14*^.^ At night. Sister Hanah Toppan and Sister 
Mehetabel Moodey being here on a visit, give me the 
following account of my Father's family, in the several 
branches of it. 

1. Hanah — Jacob, Jane, John, Hannah, Elisabeth, 
Abraham, Ane. 7. 

Samuel — Samuel, Hanah, Elisabeth, Joseph, Mary. 5. 

John — Hanah, John, Henry, Stephen, Samuel, Nicho- 
las a Twin. 6. 

Stephen — Margaret, Samuel, Susanna. 3. 

Jane — Joaiia, Jane, Joseph, Sarah, Elisabeth, William, 
Moses. 7. 

Anne — William, Anne, Stephen, Elisabeth, Nathan. 6 

Mehetabel — Mary, Dorothy, Samuel, Mehetabel. 4. 

Eight and thirty in all. 

Hannah buried 1 ; Samuel 5 ; John 2 ; Stephen 3 ; 
Jane 1 ; Anne 3. Fifteen in all. 

July 20".' 1G92. Fast at the house of Capt. Alden,' upon 



^ Captain John Alden, "the tall man in Boston," had been accused by 
some of the " afflicted " in Salem as their tormentor. We do not know the 
grounds of the accusation, as those who brought it against him do not appear 
to have known him personally. He was a son of the memoralile pilgrim of 
the same name, of Plymouth. For thirty years he had been a leading and 
respected citizen of Boston, was a member of the South Church, and, as a brave 
and efficient seaman, in command of the armed vessel of the Colony, he had 
done noble service in the French and Indian wars. He was now seventy 
years of age. Many readers may wish that others of the accused had mani- 
fested some of the same resolute temper and indignation in behavior and 



362 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1692. 

his account. Mr. Willard pray'd. I read a Sermon out 
of Dr. Preston, 1^* and 2*^ Uses of God's Alsufficiency. 
Capt. Scottow prayd, Mr. Allen came in and pray'd, Mr. 
Cotton Mather, then Capt. Hill. Sung the first part 103. 
Ps., concluded about 5. aclock. Brave Shower of Rain 
while Capt. Scottow was praying, after much Drought. 
Cons. Daniel Gookin sups with us, and bespeaks my mar- 
rying of him to morrow. 

July 27, 1692. A plentifull Rain falls after great 
Drought. 

July 30, 1692. Mrs. Gary makes her escape out of 
Cambridge-Prison, w^ho was Committed for Witchcraft.^ 

Thorsday, Augt. 4. At Salem, Mr. Waterhouse brings 
the news of the desolation at Jamaica, June 7-'. 1700 
persons kill'd, besides the Loss of Houses and Goods by 
the Earthquake. 

Wednesday, Augt. 10. I carried my Mother, Mrs. Jane 
Sewall, to visit Sam. at Mr. Hobart's at Newton.^ Mr. 



speech which he exliibited when, to his amazement, he found himself before 
the magistrates at Salem on May 31, charged by a group of " wenches, play- 
ing their juggling tricks," with tormenting them, as they had never before 
seen each other. It is said that he made use of some emphatic "sea lan- 
guage" on the occasion. He was sent to Boston jail, from which, after a 
confinement of fifteen weeks, with the aid of friends he made his escape to 
Duxbury, where he was secreted till the delusion was spent. He told those 
whom he startled by his appearance at midnight in Duxbury, that "lie was 
flying from the Devil, and tlie Devil was after him." He was in Boston jail 
when Sewall, one of his judges, was taking part in a " fast " at his house on 
his account. — Eds. 

^ This was the wife of Xathaniel Gary, of Charlestown. Hutchinson 
(Hist., II. 47, 48) tells the story very dramatically. After her escape, she 
and her husband fled to Xew York, "where Governor Fletcher entertained 
them very courteously." — Eds. 

2 We should have mentioned on a previous page the change of the name 
of New Cambridge to Newton. 

" 1691. Dec. 8. In answer to the petition of the inhabitants of Cam- 
bridge Village, lying on the south side of Charles River, sometimes called 
New Cambridge, being granted to be a township, praying that a name may 
be given to said town, it is ordered that it henceforth be called New Town." 
Paige's History of Cambridge, p. 92. — Eds. 



1692.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 363 

H. Newman there, who came with us as far as Roger 

Adams's. 

Monday, Augt. 15. Mr. Joseph Eliot comes in and 
tells me the amazing News of the Eevd. Mr. Nathan! 
Gookin's [Minister of Cambridge] being dead ; tis even 
as sudden to me as Mr. Oakes's death. He was one 
of our best Ministers, and one of the best Friends I had 
left. 

Augt. 16, 1692. I went to the Fast at Roxbury 
and from thence to the Funeral of Mr. Gookin. Mr. 
Mather, Allen, Morton, Willard, Bayly, Hobart, Bearers. 
Has left a widow, a Son and Daughter. Capt. Ruggles 
also buried this day, died last night, but could not be 
kept. 

Augt. lO*.*^ 1692. This day the Lieut. Governour, Majoi 
Phillips, Mr. Russel, Capt. Lynde and my self went to 
Watertown. Advis'd the Inhabitants at their Town-Meet- 
ing to settle a Minister ; and if could not otherwise agree, 
should first have a Town-Meeting to decide where the 
Meetinghouse should be set. Many say Whitney's Hill 
would be a convenient place. 

This day [in the margin, Dolefull "Witchcraft !] George 
Burrougli, John Willard, Jn" Procter, Martha Carrier and 
George Jacobs were executed at Salem, a very great 
number of Spectators being present. Mr. Cotton Mather 
was there, Mr. Sims, Hale, Noyes, Cliiever, &c. All 
of them said they were iiiocent. Carrier and all. Mr. 
Mather says they all died by a Righteous Sentence. 
Mr. Burrougli by his Speech, Prayer, protestation of 
his Innocence, did much move unthinking persons, which 
occasions their speaking hardly concerning his being exe- 
cuted. 

Augt. 25. Fast at the old [First] Church, respecting 
the Witchcraft, Drought, &c. 

Augt. 27. About 4. P.M. Cous. Fissenden comes in and 
tells the sad news of Simon Gates being: dead of the Fever : 



364 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1692. 

died yesterday and is buried to day.^ I heard not a word 
of it, and so neither saw him sick, nor was at his Burial. 
The Lord grant the Landlady and her Children may be 
also ready. 

Thorsday, Sept. 1, 1692. Major John Richards marries 
Mistress Anne Winthrop before W™ Stoughton Esqr. the 
Lieut. Governour, at the House of Madam Usher. 

Sept. 4*^ Major Richards accompanies his Bride to our 
Meeting, morning and evening. Note. Mr. Randolph 
came to Town last Friday. 

Monday, Sept. 19, 1692. About noon, at Salem, Giles 
Corey was press'd to death for standing Mute ; ^ much 
pains was used with him two days, one after another, by 
the Court and Capt. Gardner of Nantucket who had been 
of his acquaintance : but all in vain. 

Sept. 20. Now I hear from Salem that about 18 years 
agoe, he was suspected to have stampd and press'd a man 
to death, but w^as cleared. Twas not remembred till Afie 
Putnam was told of it by said Corey's Spectre the Sabbath- 
day night before the Execution. 

^ Thoiigh Sewall's brother married Hannah Fessenden, we presume that 
this passage indicates a blood-relationship between the families. See Sewall's 
reference to his aunt and cousins, Fessendens, ante, pp. 272 and 2.93. — Eds. 

2 The case of Giles Corey happily stands alone in our so-called judicial 
annals, though it has parallels in English administration, the horrible jmlg- 
raent visited upon him by the provincial authorities being in strict con- 
formity with the statutes of the realm. The poor victim was then eighty-one 
years of age. JNIr. Upham has given us a painfully interesting sketch of his 
unsettled and impulsive character, of his ill-repute, perhaps unjustly grounded, 
among his neighbors, and of his troubled life. At first, apparently, a firm 
believer in the witchcraft delusion, even to the extent of mistrusting his 
saintly wife, who was executed three days after his torturous death, his was 
the most tragic of all the fearful offerings. He had made a will, while con- 
fined in Ipswich jail, conveying his property, according to his own preferences, 
among his heirs; and, in the belief that his will would be invalidated and 
his estate confiscated if he were condemned by a jury after pleading to the 
indictment, he resolutely preserved silence, knowing that an acquittance was 
an impossibility. He therefore bore with unflinching nerve and spirit the 
penalty of English law for standing " mute " and refusing to plead to an in- 
dictment, — i\i& peine forte et dure of being pressed to death. — Eus. 



^^^-■1 DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 365 

Sept. 20, 1692. The Swan brings in a rich French 
Prize of about 300 Tuns, laden with Claret, White Wine, 
Brandy, Salt, Linen Paper, &c. 

Sept. 21. A petition is sent to Town in behalf of Dorcas 
Hoar, who now confesses : ' Accordingly an order is sent 
to the Sheriff to forbear her Execution, notwithstanding 
her being in the Warrant to die to morrow. This is the 
first condemned person who has confess'd. 

Sept. 21. Brother and Sister St. Sewall come to see us. 

Thorsday, Sept. 22, 1692. William Stoughton, Esqr., 
John Hathorne, Esqr., Mr. Cotton Mather, and Capt. John 
Higginson, with my Brother St., were at our house, sj)eak- 

^ One of the most deplorable concurrences of the delusion, which so en- 
thralled the minds and spirits of the community at this time, was the seem- 
ingly irrefutable confirmation of the reality of the alleged complicity with 
the Evil One, found in the confessions of so many accused persons. There 
were at least fifty-five, whose names are known to us, who gave this assur- 
ance of the guilt charged upon them, which was effectively used to stiffen 
the credulity of those who were most earnest in the work of prosecution, and 
to refute the doubts of those who were of a " Sadducean spirit." Confes- 
sion insured immunity from trial or imprisonment or execution. " The 
confessions" which we have verbally reported to us are, in most cases, a 
shocking mixture of horrors and absurdity. The inference might naturally 
be that they were all drawn forth from a simple prompting to escape the 
penalty of conviction, and that they prove only the shuddering dismay and 
terror of the wretched victims of the accusation. But a deeper thought will 
qualify such an inference. The direful constei'uation which struck over so 
large a portion of the community, must have wrought so intensely in awe and 
fright upon some of the most susceptible persons as to subject them to dread 
hallucinations. Hearing themselves so circumstantially charged with dia- 
bolical actings, with specific details of time, place, deed, and companionship, 
they were so crazed as to be brought under the imagination that they were 
really parties to the guilt charged upon them. The form and substance of 
their "confessions" were in several instances dictated to those who made 
them, or assented to them, by friends who could not withstand the " evidence " 
offered against them, and who wished to save their lives. The reasons after- 
wards given by some who yielded to the dread of the penalty, or to the 
hallucination of their supposed guilt, for having nuide such circumstantial 
confessions, very clearly indicate the power of the spell which had wrought 
Tipon them. How impressive in contrast was the calm firmness of those vic- 
tims wlio, when deliverance by confession was so readily offered to them, 
""fused to purchase by it a release from an appalling judgment and an 
!• ^leled death. — Eds. 



366 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1692 

ing about publishing some Trials of the Witches. Mr. 
Stoughton went away and left us, it began to rain and 
was very dark, so that getting some way beyond the for- 
tification, was fain to come back again, and lodgd here in 
Capt. Henchman's Room. Has been a plentifull Rain, 
blessed be God. Mr. Stoughton went away early in the 
morn so that I saw him not. Read the 1 Jn° 1. before 
went to bed. 

Thorsday, Sept. 29^^ 1692. The Major Generall sets out 
for Elisabeth's Rand and Marthas Vinyard. Governour 
comes to Town. 

Friday, Sept. 30. Go to Hog-Island with Joshua Gee 
and sell him 3 white oaks for thirty shillings ; I am to 
cart them to the Water side. 

Satterday, Oct. 1. I ride to Newton to see Sam., dine 
with Mr. Hobart, his wife, Mrs. Prentice, and 2 or 3 Cam- 
bridge Scholars ; bring home some Chesnuts in the Burs 
to set. First went to George Bearstow's and the widow 
Gates's. Rains at night Oct. 1. 

Friday, Oct. 7*:^. Mr. Willard and I visit loansom Mr. 
Torrey ; we meet my Unkle entring Crane's Plain in his 
way to Boston ; He turns back with us and accompanies 
to Weymouth. Mrs. Fisk is very dangerously ill. Got 
home rather before seven aclock very well, blessed be 
God. Mr. Torrey took our visit very kindly. Din'd in 
his Kitchin Chamber. He made Mr. Willard crave a 
Blessing and return Thanks, which He perform'd excel- 
lently. To morrow will be a moneth since Mrs. Torrey 
died, Sept. 10".' 1692. Mr. Torrey seems to be of opinion 
that the Court of Oyer and Terminer should go on, regu- 
lating any thing that may have been amiss, when certainly 
found to be so. Fine rain after our getting home. 

Oct. 10"' 1692. The Court of Oyer and Terminer is 
opened at Boston to trie a French Malatta for shooting 
dead an English youth. 

Oct. 11, 1692. Went to the Funeral of Mrs. Sa 



1692.] DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 367 

Oliver, widow, aged 72. years ; buried in the new bury- 
ing place ; a very good, modest, humble, plain, liberal 
Matron. Bearers, Sam. Sewall, Major Jn'' Walley, Capt. 
Joshua Scottow, Capt. James Hill, Capt. Jacob Eliot, Capt. 
Theophilus Frary. Scarvs and Gloves. 

Read Mr. Willard's Epistle to Mr. Mather's book, as to 
Cases of Conscience touching Witchcraft. 

Oct. 11, 1692. Set two Chesnuts at Mr. Bromfield's 
Orchard, and three at our own, hoping they may come 
up in the Spring. 

Satterday, Oct. 15*.^ "Went to Cambridge and visited 
Mr. Danforth, and discoursed with Him about the Witch- 
craft ; thinks there caiiot be a procedure in the Court 
except there be some better consent of Ministers and 
People. Told me of the woman's coming into his house 
last Sabbath-day sennight at Even. 

Friday, Oct. 21. Went to Salem and visited my sick 
Brother, who has had a Fever all this moneth ; Is very 
desirous to live, and makes vows to serve God better, if 
his life be spared : was much affected at my coming in. 

Oct. 23. At night, Mr. Cook, Oakes and Wiswall arrive, 
got to their houses almost before any body knew it ; have 
been 8 week and 5 days from Plimouth. Went and saw 
my 'Landlord and Landlady Jennings ; their Son in Ja- 
maica has a Plantation spoiled by a Mountain thrown upon 
it by the late Earthquake. 

Oct. 26, 1692. A Bill is sent in about calling a Fast, 
and Convocation of Ministers, that may be led in the right 
way as to the Witchcrafts. The season and mafier of 
doing it, is such, that the Court of Oyer and Terminer 
count themselves thereby dismissed. 29 Nos. and 33 yeas 
to the Bill. Capt. Bradstrcet and Lieut. True, W"? Iluchins 
and several other interested persons there, in the affirma- 
tive. 

Oct. 27"'. Mr. Cotton Mather preaches from Jauies, 
1.4. 



368 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1692. 

Oct. 28*^ Lieut. Governoiir coining over the Causey is, 
by reason of the high Tide, so wet, that is fain to go to 
bed till sends for dry cloaths to Dorchester ; In the After- 
noon, as had done several times before, desired to have 
the advice of the Governour and Council as to the sitting 
of the Court of Oyer and Terminer next week ; said should 
move it no more ; great silence, as if should say do not go. 

Oct. 29. Mr. Russel asked whether the Court of Oyer 
and Terminer should sit, expressing some fear of Incon- 
venience by its fall.^ Governour said it must fall. Lieut. 
Governour not in Town today. Several persons drowned 
on Friday 28*.^ Major General comes home Oct. 28. even, 
having been gon a Moneth. Deputies doe this day Treat 
the lately returned Agents Oct. 28. 

Nov. 4, 1692. Law passes for Justices and Ministers 
Marrying persons. By order of the Comittee,! had drawn 
up a Bill for Justices and such others as the Assembly 
should appoint to marry : but came new-drawn and thus 
alter'd from the Deputies. It seems they count the re- 
spect of it too much to be left any longer with the Magis- 
trate, And Salaries are not spoken of ; as if one sort of 
Men might live on the Aer. They are treated like a kind 
of useless, worthless folk. 

Nov. 5. No disturbance at night by Bonfires. 

1 In fact, the Court of Oyer and Terminer had fallen of its own weiglit. 
The chai'ter of 1091 granted power to the General Coiirt or Assembly to 
establish courts of record for all purposes. Another section empowered the 
Governor and Council to appoint "judges, Commissioners of Oyer and Ter- 
miner, sheriffs, provosts, marshals, justic<\s of the peace and other officers to 
our Councill and Courts of Justice belonging." 

This witchcraft court was established before the legislature met, and 
before any system of courts had been arranged by its authority. Washburn 
(Judicial History of Massachusetts) discusses this matter, arriving at the 
conclusion that the Commission was illegal. However this may be, as soon 
as the legislature exercised its undoubted powers, and established, by chap. 
3-5 of the acts of 1692-3, a superior court over the whole province, the tem- 
porary court ceased without any formal act of extinction. Occasionally 
afterwards Commissioners of Oyer and Terminer were appointed, nine cases 
beiner cited in Whitmore's Massachusetts Civil List. — Eds. 



1692.] DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 369 

Nov. 6. Joseph threw a knop of Brass and hit his Sister 
Betty on the forhead so as to make it bleed and swell ; 
upon which, and for his playing at Prayer-time, and eat- 
ing when Return Thanks, I whipd him pretty smartly. 
When I first went in (call'd by his Grandmother) he sought 
to shadow and hide himself from me behind the head of 
the Cradle : which gave me the sorrowf ull remembrance 
of Adam's carriage. 

Tuesday, Nov. 15*.^ 1692. Mr. Cook keeps a Day of 
Thankso-ivino; for his safe Arrival. Mr. Bradstreet and 
Lady, Major Richards and wife. Major General, Mr. 
Danforth, Col. Shrimpton, Mr. Oakes and wife, Mr. 
Sergeant and wife, Mr. E^ Hutchinson and wife, Mrs. 
Elisha Hutchinson, Mr. Chiever and wife, Mr. Morton, 
Mr. Willard and wife, Mr. Allen and wife. Mr. Allen 
preach'd ; from Jacob's going to Bethel. Sung twice after 
my being there, which was late, and once before. Sung 
after Diner. Mr. Bayly and Mrs. Bayly there. Mr. [In- 
crease] Mather not there, nor Mr. Cotton Mather. The 
good Lord unite us in his Fear, and remove our Animosi- 
ties ! 

Satterday, Nov. 19*!". I drove a Treenail in the Gov- 
ernour's Briganteen ; and invited his Excellency to drink 
a Glass of Brandy, which was pleas'd to doe with Capt. 
Greenough, Mr. Jackson Elliston, and his little Son. Saith 
tis the first time has been in the House since my Father's 
days, who was one of his Owners to the Wreck. 

Nov. 20. Mr. Dudley at our Meetinghouse P.M. Up- 
roar in North Meeting House by Cry of Fire, in first 
Prayer, Afternoon Exercise. 

Nov. 21, 1G92. Mr. Joseph Eliot, of Guilford, visited, 
supped and prayed with us, went not away till half an 
hour after nine at niii-ht. 

Nov. 22, 1602. I prayd that God would pardon all my 
Sinfull Wanderings, and direct me for the future. That 
God would bless the Asseuibly in their debates, and that 

2i 



370 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1692. 

would chuse and assist our Judges, &c., and save New 
England as to Enemies and Witchcrafts, and vindicate the 
late Judges, consisting with his Justice and Holiness, &c., 
with Fasting. Cousin Anne Quinsy visited me in the 
Evening, and told me of her children's wellfare. Now 
about, Mercy Short grows ill again, as formerly. 

Nov. 25. Mr. Mather sent for to her. Bill for Courts 
pass'd. 

Mrs. Brown, wife of Major W"^ Brown, is buried this 
day ; is much lamented in Salem. Died on Monday about 
Sunset. jNIr. Bartholomew died about the same time. 
Extraordinary foggy and dark wether almost all this week. 

Nov. 24. Sam. comes to see us from Newton. Give 
him 16'\ a Groat having engraven, Salvum fac Reg em 
Domine, which he construed to me, &c. 

Tuesday, Dec. 6. A very dark cold day ; is the day 
Ajoointed for chusing of Judges. W™ Stoughton, Esqr., is 
chosen Chief Justice, 15 Votes (all then present.) Tho. 
Danforth Esqr. 12 — Major Richards, 7 — Major Gen! 
Winthrop, 7 — S. S. 7 — I last voted for Mr. Hathorn, 
who had 3 — when Major Gen! Winthrop chosen, so I 
counted it probable that he might now carry it : but now 
Major Gedney had more than he. I esteemed Major 
Gedney not so suited for the place, because he is Judge 
of the Probat of Wills. This was in Col. Page's Rooms, 
by Papers, on Wednesday, December 7"' 1692. Tuesday 
was spent about Little-Compton business and other inter- 
ruptions. Were at last about 18 Assistants present. 

Dec. 8. Mr. Danforth is invited to Diner, and after 
press' d to accept his Place. Mr. Morton and Mather dine 
with us ; Govcrnour should have said first. 

Thorsday, Dec. 22, 1692. After Lecture, the Govern- 
our delivers Mr. Stoughton his Coiiiission as Chief Justice 
of the Superiour Court, and to Major Richards, Winthrop, 
Sewall as Justices, and the Secretary gave each of us an 
Oath singly, that would impartially administer Justice ac- 



1G92.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 371 

cording to our best skill. I would have stayed till Mr. 
Danforth took his ; but the Governour granted it not. 

Major General tells me, that last night about 7 aclock, 
he saw 5. or 7 Balls of Fire that mov'd and mingled each 
with other, so that he could not tell them ; made a great 
Light, but streamed not. Twas our privat Meeting ; I 
saw nothing of it. Order comes out for a Fast. I carry 
one to Mr. Willard. Mrs. Willard talks to me very 
sharply about Capt. Alden's not being at the Lord's Sup- 
per last Sabbath-day. 

Dec. 22. Betty being sick, lyes abed and sweats. 

Dec. 23. She takes a vomit, and brings up two Worms; 
one above six inches, and the other above eight inches 
Ion or ; a third about eleven inches in leno;th. 

Tuesday, Dec. 27, 1692. I meet the Lieut. Governour 
at Col. Dudley's, and wait on Him to Watertown, falling 
in with Major Phillips, Mr. Russel, and Capt. Lynde at 
Cambridg-e. Got to Watertown Meetinoi:house about eleven 
aclock. Mr. Lawson went to Prayer. Spent several hours 
in Debate between three parties relating to a place for 
publick "Worship, and settleing a Minister. At length. 
Voted unanimously, 1. That would leave the determina- 
tion of these Differences to a Coiiiittee ; and would abide 
by their determination. 

2. Do pray the Governour and Council to choose the 
Coinittee. 

3. Do desire Mr. William Bond and Lieut. Benjamin 
Garfield to move the Governour and Council for obtaining 
a Coinittee for the ends abovesaid. 

These three Votes were written one by one by Mr. 
Lawson and voted. I think, in the first, one or two licld 
up their hands for the negative, and no more. 

After this went to Nevison's ^ and took a very good 



^ Doubtless John Xevinson of Watertown, who kept a public-house there, 
says Bond, before 1G85, and until his death in lfJ95. — Eds. 



372 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [169f. 

Repast provided for us by the Select-Men ; by which 
time 'twas past Sunset. Got home well about 7 aclock, 
in the dark, over the Neck alone. Laus Deo. 

Satterday, Dec. 31, 1692. I went to Newton to see 
Sam. Mrs. Hobart is not well, has been very sick : went 
out about 11. and came in about 5. Staid more than two 
hours there. 

Jan. 16, 169|. Serj* Solomon Rainsford is buried. W™ 
Gilbert and he died the last week. 

Sabbath, Jan. 22, 169|. A very extraordinary Storm 
by reason of the falling and driving of the Snow. Few 
Women could get to Meeting. Our two Maids and my 
self there, A child named Alexander was baptized in the 
Afternoon. Major General not abroad in the Afternoon. 
Gov^ Brad street very sick. 

Jan. 27, 169f . Mr. Elisha Cook, Mr. Isaac Addington 
and I saw and heard Simon Bradstreet Esqr. sign, seal 
and publish a Codicil now anexed to his Will, written by 
said Addington at said Bradstreets direction, and read to 
him several times. Signd and seald it sitting up in his 
Bed. After told us that if his Estate should exceed Two 
hundred pounds more than was mentioned in the Will, 
would have his Executors distribute it accordino; to the 
direction of his Overseers, and Wife, I think. Said, the 
reason wliy would sell the little farm, was because 'twas 
a ruinous thing, and yielded but 8£ per afium in Country- 
pay. Call'd for Ale and made us drink. 

Jan. 28. Went in with Mr. Cotton Mather to Mr. 
Bradstreets, and heard him pray. 

Sabbath, Jan. 29, 169|. A very sunshiny, hot, thawing 
day. Note. Just as we came out of the Meetinghouse at 
Noon, Savil Simson's Chimny fell on lire, and blaz'd out 
much, which made many people stand gazing at it a pretty 
while, being so near the Meetinghouse. 

Sabbath, Feb. 5, 169|. Three Williams baptized ; EHsa- 
beth Wisendunk and Abigail Winslow taken into Church, 



] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 373 

and Elisabeth Monk (formerly Woodmancy) Restored, 
having made a satisfactory Confession. 

Feb. 8".^ 169|. Capt. Checkly Tells me at Charlestown, 
that ray Brother Stephen's wife was yesterday about 11. 
aclock brought to bed of a Son. Major Gedney and Mr. 
Hathorn confirm the same when I come over to Boston. 
Mr. Torrey came to Town yesterday to see if he could get 
the last clause in the Law relating to Ministers/ taken 
away, or alter' d : is highly concernd about it. 

Feb. 28. Went to Roxbury Lecture. Just before went 
to the Burial of Nathan! Brewer. 

Copy of a Letter to Major NathI Saltonstall Esqr. at 
Havarhill, March, 3. 169|. 

Dicere quce puduit, scrihere jussit Amor. 

Sir, Not seeing you in the Assembly, to speak to you and for the 
reason forementioned, I am put upon writing my Salutations to Mr. 
"Ward, your self, and good Lady : and telling, that I have sympathised 
with you and your family, as to the report that went of some being 
afflicted by a person in your shape, and that I fully believe the Letter 
asserting your Innocence. Allow me also to intimate that I was 
grieved upon this day was fortnight, when I heard and saw that you 
had drunk to excess ; so that your head and hand were rendered less 
usefull than at other times. You may remember, you were sitting 
in the South-side of the Council-chamber, on the bench ; I drew near 
to you, and enquired concei-ning Mr. Ward ; you answer'd, He was 
bc-lter, which made you so merry : you also told me of the breaking 
\\\) of the Ice of the River Merrimack, having I'eceived the account 
from yotir son Cotton. That is the time I intend. Let me intreat 
you. Sir, to break off this practice (so tis rumoured to be) not as the 
Hiver ; btit obstinatly and perpettially to reftise the Yoke. As to 
your being deny'd a Judges place by the Governour, I no ways influ- 
enc'd Him in the matter, neither do I know who did. .Viid I was 
eurpris'd to hear any Talk of the North Regiment of Essex being 
])ut under any other Major. Don't furnish your ICneiuies with Arms. 
I mention this that you may believe, I write not of prejudice but 
Kindness ; and out of a sense of Duty, as indeed I doe. Take it in 
good part from him wlio desires your everlasting wellfare, S. S. 

1 The reference here seems to be to the Act printed iu tlie i'roviiice Laws, 
new edition, pp. 102, 103. — Eds. 



374 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [169f 

March 7, 169|. Not having had an oportiinity to send 
my Letter, I was this day surprised to see Major Salton- 
stall in the Court. I came home at noon, and took my 
Letter and deliver'd it with my own hand just at night, 
desiring him to read it at his Lodging : but He being im- 
patient, sat down in the very place mentioned, and dis- 
cours'd me, gave me Tlianks and desired my Prayers. 
God give a good eifect. This day there is a sore storm 
of snow after much unusually warm wether and settled 
ways. 

March 9, 169|. JosejDh puts his Grandmother and 
Mother in great fear by swallowing a Bullet w^hich for 
a while stuck in his Throat : He had quite got it down, 
before I knew what the matter was. This day in the 
Afternoon One of Mr. Holyoke's Twins falls into the Well 
and is drownd, no body but a Negro being at home ; was 
a very lovely Boy of about 4 years old. Satterday, March 
11, about Sunset He is buried. When I come home from 
the funeral, my wife shows me the Bullet Joseph swal- 
lowed, which he voided in the Orchard. The Lord help 
us to praise Him for his distinguishing Favour. 

March 10, 169|. Gwin arrives, 9 weeks from Liver- 
pool ; the great news we had of Dunkirk's being besiegd 
comes to just nothing ; tis so far from being Taken. 

Sabbath, March 12. Bant arrives in the America 9. 
weeks from the Isle of Wight; Capt. Thomas Dudley 
comes in him, first I heard or saw of him was at Meeting 
in the Afternoon, sat in his Unkle Allen's Pue. 

March lo'.r 169|. Aniversary Town-Meeting. Select- 
Men, Mr. Tho. Walker, 92 — Capt. Bozoon Allen, 87 — 
Obadia Gill, 81 — Sam! Checkly, 74— Tim!^ Thornton, 73 

— Jn" Mary on, 66 — Epliraim Savage, 52 ~ Nath! Wil- 
liams, 29 — James Hill, 28. Constables, Capt. Tim^ Clark, 
86 — Mr. Tho. Cooper, 74 — Joseph Russel, 63 — Jacob 
Malyne, 61 — Richard Chievers, 49 — Enoch Greenlef, 43 

— William Parkinan, 36 — liezekia Henchman, 35. Capt. 



169f.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 375 

Ephraim Savage, Town-Clerk. Mr. James Taylor, Treas- 
urer. No Constable fined this year. Very quiet Meeting. 
Capt. Pen Townsend, Capt. Jer. Duiiier, Mr. Jn° Foster, 
Mr. Timo. Prout, Mr. Joseph Bridgham left out. Did not 
see cause to choose any Overseers of the Poor this year, 
supposing tlie work might be better done without such 
an office. 

JNIarch 15. Gov"" Bradstreet's pains return. 

March 17. Mr. Willard is sent for, who prays at ttie 
breaking uj) the Assembly ; then Mr. Secretary acquaints 
the Deputies that the Governour accepted their endeav- 
ours, and what heat might have appear'd in any debate 
twas overlook'd. Mr. Speaker in behalf of the Repre- 
sentatives, thank'd the Governour for his Acceptance of 
their poor Endeavours. Then Mr. Secretary in the Gov- 
ernour's name, declared the Court to be dissolved. This 
was about one of the Clock. The Lieut. Governour and 
Major General not present. This Even Mr. Dudley and 
his Son, Capt. Tho. Dudley, visit me. 

Sabbath, March 19, 169|. Benjamin Hallawell, late 
captive in Algier, and his Infant daughter, Mary, were 
baptized. When I first saw him in London, 1 could hardly 
persuade myself that he could live over the Sea, and now 
I see him and his daughter baptized. Lord let it be a 
Token that Thou wilt revive thy work in the midst of the 
years. In London, twas some discouragement to me to 
think how hardly 'twould come off for the father to pay 
me for the Enghsli Money I had disbursed for the Re- 
demption of a dead Son : but God has given him a new 
life. 

BosTOx; March, 21. lG9f. 

Honoured Sir, The information of my health, and tlie healtli of 
my family is always welcome news to you, and therefore this Letter, 
by one of the Poor's, will be acceptable. We have not been altoorether 
free f I'om Colds ; but are now in pretty good healtli, blessed be God. 
I am glad that Brother Moodey hath success in his Fulling-31ill. As 



376 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1693. 

I remember, you used to call his wife Bel;^ it seems my Brothers 
speak of going to live at the Falls ; if you please, you may call the 
Farm Belford ; and so fasten your abbreviation of my Sister's Name 
on the place, and make it long-lasting. The Stream, we see, makes 
the Land desirable and sought to, though remote. The pleasantness 
of the Watercourse will well be signified, if you make it Latin. Con- 
sider it in Hebrew, as it is, so the Name ^ carries God in the front of 
it, from whose Goodness, all created Beings and Conveniences have 
their Original. I have inclosed some Gazetts for your diversion, and 
a Letter -to Mr. Woodbridge. Govf Bradstreet had some lightening 
of his Pains : but they returned again last Wednesday very sorely : 
had a bad night, and is now very ill, &c. &c. 

Wednesday, March, 22. 169|. Our kitcliin chimney 
fell on fire about noon, and blaz'd out sorely at top, ap- 
peared to be very foul : the fire fell on the shingle.^ so 
that they begun to burn in several places, being very 
dry : but by the good Providence of God, no harm done. 
Mr. risk was with us, and we sat merrily to dinner on ^be 
Westheld Pork that was snatch'd from the lire on this 
Occasion. Mother was exceedingly frighted ; and is 
ready to think we are called to remove. This very morn- 
ing had as 'twere concluded not to build this Summer ; 
because my wife is loath to ly in at another place. What 
we shall now doe, I know not. Rid to Dorchester. 

March 28, 1G93. Mr. Cotton Mather has a Son born, 
which is his first ; it seems was without a Postern for the 
voidance of Excrements ; dies Satterday, Ap. 1. 

March 28, 1693. I have six little Pines planted in my 
Pasture by the North-burying Place. 

April 4, 1693. I w\ait on the Lieut. Governour to 
Watertown, Mr. Russol and Capt. Lynde meet us at 
Cambridti:e : I rode with a Watertown man and saw the 
place by Whitney's wdiere some would have the Meeting- 
house stand. At the Meetinghouse heard the Allegations 

1 This reference is, of course, to Sewall's sister, Mehitable, wife of 
William INIoody of Newbury. — Eds. 

2 Mehitabel, from the Hebrew, signifies " benefited of God." — Eos. 



1693.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 377 

pro and con, took in their Papers. Came home in the 
Rain. 

Apr. 13. Brother Topan comes to Town. 

Apr. 14. Carries home Jane to see her friends. 

Apr. 15. I ride with Capt. Gookin, and take a further 
view of Watertown that might the better consider the 
jDleas about the place for a Meetinghouse ; w^ent about as 
far as Samuel Begelos near the end of the great Plain. 
At our coming back, refresh'd our selvs at Mr. Reming- 
ton's. Call'd at Justice Bond's, who gave us special good 
Cider. 

Apr. 26, 1693. Wednesday. The old Kitchen is pulled 
do\yn. 

Satterday, Apr. 29. The little Hall is Removed, and 
joind to Matthias Smith's house. 

Friday, May 5. Alexander Millar and Frank, Cous. 
Savages Negro, begin to digg the Cellar. Mrs. Goose is 
brought to bed of a daughter. 

Satterday, May 6. Widow Sarah Hurd dies. 

Tuesday, May 16, 1693. The first stone is laid in the 
new building, being the great Stone that lay at Capt. 
Wyllys's Corner, and is now our Corner-Stone next Father 
Walker's. 

May 20. The Corner stone next Fort-Hill is laid ; The 
Corner next Wheeler's Pond had the other half ; being 
the white split Rock on the Coinon. 

May 20. The Governour conies home from Sea. ]Major 
Converse went out after the Enemy with 200 and odd 
men, yesterday was seiiight ; designd for Tackonnick. 

Tuesday, May 23, 1693. The Corner Stone next Cotton- 
Hill is laid,' which fell as it were cheerfully and willingly 
into liis place ; I gave tlie workmen a piece of Eight. 

^ If, as we suppose, tliis description refers to the rebuildini^ by Sewall of 
the Hull house ou Tremont Street, the definitions are quite bewildering. 
The four corner-stones are respectively "next Fatlier ^\ alker's," "next 
Fort-Ilill," "next Wheeler's pond," and "next Cotton-IIili." The two 



378 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1693. 

Satterday, May 27. The foundation of the Cellar is 
finished, by stones gotten out of the Comon.^ 

Wednesday, May 31. Stoughton, 31 — Danforth, 64 

— Pynchon, 57 — Richards, 60 — Winthrop, 65 — Sal- 
tonstall, 39 — Russell, 64 — Gedney, 49 — Pike, 39 — 
Cook, 31 — Hathorn, 35 — Hutchinson, 39. 

Left out — Bradstreet, Hinkly, Apleton, Mason, Lynde, 
Heman, Joyliff, A. Winthrop, Middlecot, Alcock. 

Wednesday, May 31, 1693. Election. Addington, 37 

— Sewall, 77 — Phillips, 55 — Corwin, 46 — Foster, 38 — 
Sergeant, 38 — Brown, 41 — Bradford, 72 — Lothrop, 65 

— Walley, 24 — Thomas, 70 — Saffin, 28 — Frost, 66 — 
Hook, 44 — Donell, 27 — Silvanus Davis 34. 

New — Stoughton, Danforth, Pynchon, Addington, 
Brown, Thomas, Frost, Hook, Saffin, Peirce, 

Mr. Elisha Cook was refused by the Governour on 
Thorsday, and the day following Capt. Daniel Peirce was 
chosen by 19 votes. Col. Shrimp ton had 17, and Col. 
Dudley 18. 

On Satterday, June 3. Mr. James Taylor was chosen 
Treasurer by 28. votes ; Major Phillips had 22 ; I had 5. 
I was told before I should have votes and endeavoured to 
prevent it. 

hills are about N.W. and S.E. from Sewall's house. Walker's house, we 
presume, was near the head of State Street, that is, N.E. Wheeler's point 
ought then to be S.W. of Sewall's, that is to say, in the direction of the 
Common. Now, in 1708, in the description of the streets of Boston, we 
find the following: "The street leading easterly from Wheeler's corner in 
Newbury street, by the town's watering place, as far as Capt. Dyer's barn. 
Pond street.''^ This is, of course, Bedford Street, from Washington Sti'eet, 
the town watering-place being on the northerly side, about opposite the Latin 
school-house. 

It seems safe to infer that this watering-place was a pond in 1692, and 
that it derived its name from the adjacent owner, Wheeler. But, after all, 
Sewall's mode of describing the corners of his house by such very distant 
landmarks savors of magnificence of imagination. — Eds. 

1 It is interesting to note that the Common, which now does not seem to 
contain even a pebble, once served the purpose of a quarry for house builders. 

— Eds. 



1693.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 379 

Thorsday, June 8. Elisabeth Emerson of Havarill and 
a Negro Woman were executed after Lecture, for murder- 
ing their Infant Children. Mr. Cotton Mather preached 
from Job, 36. 14 : made a very good Sermon to a very 
great Auditory. Mr. Danforth labours to bring Mr. Mather 
and Cook together, but I think in vain.^ Is great wrath 
about Mr. Cook's being refused, and 'tis supposed Mr. 
Mather is the cause. 

June 9. Mr. Rawson, quondam Secretary, breaks his 
Fast with us. 

Monday, June 12, 1693. I visit Capt. Alden and his 
wife, and tell them I was sorry for their Sorrow and 
Temptations by reason of his Imprisonment, and that was 
glad of his Restauration. 

June 13. Several of the Frigots come up above Long- 
Island. Sir Francis [Wheeler] came to Noddle's-Island 
yesterday. 

Tuesday, June 20. John Barnard lays our Cellar Floor. 

Friday, June 23. Sir Francis and several other Capts. 
of Frigotts are Treated at Cambridge by the Governour 
and Pr^esident. 

Monday, June 26. The Brick- Work is begun; the 
South-end of the house being carried up several foot 
high. 

^ Dr. Elisha Cooke had been elected a member of the Council at this 
time, but was negatived. The quarrel between him and Mather was politi- 
cal, as well as personal. After the overthrow of Andros, the General Court 
sent over two of its members, viz., Elisha Cooke and Thomas Oakes, to act 
as agents of the Colony with ]Mather and Sir Henry Ashurst. Plymouth 
Colony sent at the same time Rev. Ichabod Wiswall. All three, especially 
Cooke, were zealous for the revival of the old charter. Mather seems to have 
shown the most worldly wisdom, and to have secured all possible advantages 
in a new charter. But the contest among the agents was bitter. Between 
them the prosecution of Andros was dropped, and hard words exchanged. 
(Andros Tracts, ii., xxiii.) Cooke was not named in the list of Councillors, 
and when elected in 1691 was dropped. He was elected in 1094, and served 
annually till 1703, when he was negatived by Dudley. 

llis son Elisha was also a prominent politician, speaker, and councillor, 
and died 1737. — Eds. 



380 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1693. 

Last night Tim^ Wadsworth's man dies of the Fever of 
the Fleet, as is supposed, he having been on board and in 
the Hold of some ship. Town is much startled at it. 

Monday, July 3, 1693. Mrs. Howchin is buried. Bear- 
ers, Major Richards, Mr. Cook, Major Hutchinson, Sewall, 
Mr. Addington, E? Hutchinson. 

July 11, 1693. Mr. Cotton Mather prays at the open- 
ing of the Council. Plentifull Shower of Rain after much 
Drought. 

Before diner, Mr. Danforth and I go in to the Deputy's 
about the Bill relating to the Treasurer. 

Satterday, July 15, 1693. Mr. Cotton Mather prays in 
[the Council] in the morn. About noon Mr. Willard 
prays, the Assembly-men being sent for in. Presently 
after the Governour stands up and dissolvs the Assembly. 
Was much disgusted about the old Treasurer, and about 
the not passing of the Bill to regulat the house of Repre- 
sentatives. 

July 15, 1693. T went to Mr. Goose, and told him his 
wife could not conveniently sit any longer in my wives 
Pue, and therefore desired her to look out another place. 

July 24. Capt. Turell is buried. Mr. Joseph Dasset 
was buried yesterday, being much lamented. Jn° Shove 

and Saxton died before, all of the Fleet-Fever, as is 

suposed ; besides others. The Town is much startled. 
Capt. Byfield speaks of removing his wife and daughters 
to Bristow. One of the Fleet- Women dies this day, July 
24, 1693, at David Johnson's, over against the Town- 
house. 

July 25. Three Carpenters die. 

July 26. Dr. Pemberton dies. Persons are generally 
under much consternation, which Mr. Willard takes notice 
of in his Prayer. 

July 27*^ Preaches excellently from — Luke 12. 4. Be 
ye therefore ready. Caleb Rawlings falls from the top of 
the Steeple of the North Church, and breaks his Leg, Arm 



1693.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 381 

and Neck. Mr. Tho. Pemberton buried. This day we 
send Joseph to Mr. N. Hobart's to Newton : He rides on 
the Saddle before Hanah Trowbridge, who guides the 
Horse, and steadies him. 

Friday, Augt. 4*!^ 1693. The Governour sets sail for 
Peraaquid, goes off at Scarlet's AVharf about 8. in the 
Even, with Major General, Mr. Addington, Mr. Foster. 
Capt. Colton's overtaking the enemy who did the Spoil 
at Squabaog July 27, and killing 5 or 6 of them, bringing 
back 2 Captives, &c. comes to our hand just now about. 

Sabbath, Augt. 6"' at 6 P.M. There is a Rainbow about 
South South-East; has been no Rain. Gov^ Bradstreet 
is indispos'd, and goes not abroad in the Afternoon. 

Sabbath, Augt. 6, 1693. Capt. W™ Greenough died 
about 4. this morn, buried about nine at night. Three 
Vollies past nine at night. Neither Major General nor 
Major Hutchinson in Town. Bright Moon-shine. This 
evening I hear that Mr. Steward of Ipswich is dead. 

Monday, Augt. 7. About 4. mane I go for the Midwife ; 
About 4. P.M. My Wife is brought to Bed of a Daughter. 
Thanks be to God. This day Sarah Noyes a young wo- 
man of about 21 years dies. Tis very cool and comfort- 
able wether after about a weeks time of excessive Heat. 
Clouds gather thick, and a little Rain in the Evening. 

Wednesday, Augt. 9. There falls a plentifull Rain 
after a Ions; distressinor Drouo:ht. Lcms Deo. 

Friday, Augt. 11. 1 visit Mr. Thacher of Milton who 
is very glad to see me. Sir Flint ^ conducts me whom I 
met on the Road. 

Monday, Augt. 14. Mrs. Nowell dies. Samson Waters, 
just building a great House, Roof up, Moses Draper, a 
very hopefull young man, and 2 more. 

Augt. 15. Tuesday. Mrs. Mary Nowell buried. Mr. 



^ Probably Henry Flynt, afterwards tutor, who graduated iu 1G93. — 
Eds. 



382 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1693. 

Cook, Major Hutchinson, Sewall, Allen, Willard, Baily, 
Bearers. Was laid in Mr. Usher's Tomb. 

Aiigt. 14. The plates and sumers ^ of the lower Chamber 
Floor are laid. 

Satterday, Augt. 12. Capt. [and Deacon] EHot comes 
sick from Muddy-River. 

Wednesday, Augt. 16. Dyes about 2. at night. 

Augt. 17. Is buried. Major Hutchinson, Sewall, Joy- 
liff, Walley, P. Allen, Bridgham, Bearers. Buried in the 
new burying place. Tis a sudden and very sore Blow to 
the South Church, a Loss hardly repaired. On the Sab- 
bath, Mr. Willard being in before me, I did not mind D. 
Eliot's absence, and wondered I heard not his voice begin- 
ning the Ps., and Capt. Frary waited when I should begin 
it. We shall hardly get another such a sweet Singer as 
we have lost. He was one of the most Serviceable Men 
in Boston, condescending to his friends. One of the best 
and most respectfull Friends I had in the World. Lord 
awaken us. Scarce a Man was so universally known as 
He. Dyed in the 61. year of 's Age. Was one of the 
first that was born in Boston. 

Satterday, Augt. 19. Governour returns from Pema- 
quid, and Counsellors all in good health. Concluded a 
Peace with the Indians on Friday, Augt 11. They were 
very desirous of a Peace and professed themselves ready 
to do what the Governour desired ; have sent 3 Hostages. 

Sabbath, Augt. 20. Mr. Willard propounds a Church 
Meeting on Friday next 3. P.M. that may elect a Deacon 
or two, Capt. Frary not being able to officiat at the Lord's 
Table, which we are invited to this day sennight. 

Augt. 21. I visit Mr. Torrey, who is much better, and 
very glad to see me : is yet very weak. Coming home 
Deacon Swift tells me that Mr. Loyd dyed this Afternoon. 
Visited my Unkle and Aunt. Unkle brought me going 

^ " Summer. The main beam in building." — Eds. 



1693.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 383 

till came into Milton bounds. When come home, find the 
Soiith-East windows of the first Chamber set up. 

Satterdaj, Sept. 9. I return from Point- Judith, having 
been gon from home ever since the 28. of August. At 
my return, find little Jane not well. 

Sept. 12. Call Mr. Willard to pray with little Jane. 
Went to Roxbury-Lecture, Mr. Hobart came home with 
me, who also pray'd with Jane; both excellently. By Dr. 
Oakes advice, I give her a little Mana. Methinks she 
looks like Henry in his Sickness. The good Lord pre- 
pare her and us for the issue, and help us to choose the 
things that please Him. Nurse Judd watches. 

Sept. 13, 1693. Between 12. and 1. at night following 
that day, Little Jane expires, much as Henry did, in 
neighbour Smith's lap. Nurse Hill and I being by. 

Boston, New England. 

*1. John Sewall, the Son of Samuel and Hanah Sewall, was born 
Apr. 2? 1677, died Sept. H'.l? 1678. 

2. Samuel Sewall, was born June 11*- 1678. 

3. Hannah Sewall, was born Feb. 3^ 16§a. 

4. Elisabeth Sewall, was born Dec. 29'.!' 1681. 

*5. Hull Sewall, was born July 8'.^ 1684. Died at Newbury, June 
18'.^ 1686, is buried there. 

*6. Henry Sewall, was born Dec. 7'.'? 1G85. Died Dec. 22'' 1685. 
*7. Stephen Sewall, was born Jan. 30"' 168§-. Died July 26'.!' 1687. 

8. Joseph Sewall, was born Aug. 15'.!' 1688. 
*9. Judith Sewall, was born Aug. 13'.!' 1690. Died Sept. 21!.' 1690. 
10. Mary Sewall, was born Oct^ 28'.!' 1691. 
*11. Jane Sewall, was born Aug. 7'.!' 1693. Died Sept. 13'.!' 1693. 

All the above-named Eleven Children have been by their father, 
Samuel Sewall, (liolding them in his arms,) Offered up to God in 
Baptisme, at the South-Meetiug-House in Boston. The Rev'.' Mr. 
Thomas Thacher baptised John and Samuel ; and the Rev'? Mr. 
Samuel Willard ba})tised the other Nine, upon the Sabbath Day in 
the Solemn Assembly of God's Saints. 

1. John Sewall was baptised Apr. 8, 1677. 

2. Samuel Sewall was bajitised on the Lord's Day, June 16, 1678. 



384 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1693. 

3. Hannah Sewall was baptised Feb. 8, 16|^. 

4. Elisabeth Sewall was baptised Jan. 1, 168J. 

5. Hull Sewall wiis baptised July 13, 1684. 

6. Henry Sewall was baptised Dec. 13, 1685. 

7. Stephen Sewall was baptised Feb. 6, 168f. 

8. Joseph Sewall was baptised Aug. 19, 1688. 

9. Judith Sewall was baptised Aug. 24, 1690. 

10. Mary Sewall was baptised Kov. 1, 1691. 

11. Jane Sew.all was baptised Aug. 13, 1693.^ 

Sept. 15, 1693. The body of Jane Sewall was laid in 
the Tomb, between 4. and 5. P.M. John Willard carried 
the Corps. Lord teach me to profit. I led my wife ; 
Cous. Diimer, Mother ; Sam. his Sister ; Jane, Elisabeth ; 

Sept. 25. Mr. W™ Winthrop dies of the bloody Flux. 

Sept. 27. Mr. Joseph Winthrop dies of the same dis- 
ease. Two children of Major Winthrop. 

Sept. 28. Both are buried together, being a very 
affecting sight. Ministers and Physicians had all Scarvs 
and Gloves, and many others. 

Oct. 5, 1693. By Warrant from the Major, the South- 
Company is warned to Train on Monday and Tuesday 
next ; w^ords run, late under the Comand of Caj^t. Samuel 
Sewall. Jolm Maryon warned. 

Oct. 7* Mr. Cotton Mather's Daughter Maria, of about 
2 years old, is buried in the North burying Place ; Mr. 

1 In the memorandum book kept by Samuel Sewall, jr., son of the Cliief 
Justice, we find the above lists copied, but with the following additions: — 

" 12 Sarah born Wednesday Xov. 21. 1G94. bapt. 25t]i by Mr. Willard 

13 (still born child) May 21, 1G9G. 

14 Judith born Friday Jan'y 2, 1701-2, bapt. 4th by Mr. Pemberton " 

And also the following items : — 

" No 3, Hannah died August 16, 1724 
4 Elizabeth „ July 11, 1716 
10 Mary ,, Nov. 17, 1710 
14 Judith married to Mr. W"' Cooper, 1720, died Dec. 23, 1740." 

We also find recorded in the same book that No. 2, Samuel Sewall, jr., 
died Feb. 27, 1750-1, in his 73d year. — Eds. 



1693.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 385 

Pierpont, Willard, Jer. Allen, Winthrop, Bearers. Died 
on Thorsday night or Friday morn. 

Oct. 7*!' 1693. Mr. Robert Saunderson dies. 

Oct. 11*.!^ Carried my daughter Haiiah to Salem in 
Company of Mr. Hathorne and Sam. Wakefield; got 
thether about 8. at night. 

Oct. 12. Carried her to Rowley, W^ Longfellow rid 
before her ; I staid Lecture at Ipswich, where unexpect- 
edly heard Mr. Edward Tomson preach a very good Ser- 
mon from Felix's procrastination. 

Oct. 13. Rid home, having much adoe to pacify my 
dear daughter, she weeping and pleading to go with 
me. 

Wednesday, Oct. 18. Jn" Barnard raises the Roof of 
the brick House, no hurt done, through God's goodness. 

This day, Mrs. Hunt, Mr. Torrey's Sister, is buried. 
Alass ! that it should be so. 

Friday, Oct. 20. The Ship at Bull's AVharf of Four 
Hundred Tuns, named the Lere-Frigot was Lanched. 
Yesterday's Storm hindered her being Lanched then. 
Mr. Eyre's child buried this Afternoon. 

Monday, Oct. 30"\ I ride to Newton to see Sam and 
Joseph. 

Tuesday, Nov. 21, 1693. Our House is covered and 
defended against the wether. 

Nov. 24. The first Snow falls. 

Nota. Nov. 21. Governour bids the Deputies goe 
chuse a new Speaker ; which they pray excuse for. Gov- 
ernour alledges as a reason, Speaker's adjourning tlieir 
House from Friday till this day without acquainting Ilini. 
By mediation the matter is compos'd, and Wednesday 
morn, the Governour sends to them by the Secretary, to 
desire them to go on with the business of the Court. Mr. 
Secretary is directed to enter their Acknowledgment of 
tlieir Error, and asking Pardon, and that would not prac- 
tise in like manner for time to come. 

25 



386 DIARY OP SAMUEL SEWALL. [1G93. 

Nov. 25. Representatives vote that none be chosen 
Representatives but persons resident in the Towns for 
which they are chosen, and having Free-Hold there, &c.^ 

Tuesday, Nov. 28, 1693. The Bill for regulating the 
choice of Representatives was brought in with the clause 
relating to Residency of the Persons to be chosen, in the 
Towns they are chosen for. The Dissent also of 21 Depu- 
ties was brought in with it, alledging the vote was con- 
trary to Charter, Custom of England, of the Province, 
hindred men of the fairest estates from Representing a 
Town where their Estates lay, except also resident ; might 
prove destructive to the Province. Persons subscribing, 
NathanI Byfield, Benj- Davis, Francis Foxcroft, Pen Town- 
send, Daniel Allin, Richard Sprague, Jahleel Brenton, 
Tim2 Clark, Stephen Pain, Ebenezer Brenton, Joseph 
Brown, Jonathan Prescot, John Brown, Giles Dyer, Isaac 
Little, John Cutler, Tim^ Thornton, John Legg, Sam! 
Blocket, Stephen Francis, Ebenezer Prout. The clause 
was read, and the Dissent 2 or 3 times by the Secretary, 
and then put to the Vote, Governour not being there. 

1 This act is duly reprinted in our Province Laws. Hutchinson (Hist., 
II. 79) writes as follows: " The party in favor of the address " (to keep 
Phips in office), "to prevent further trouble, if there should be furtlier occa- 
sion for any thing to be done in favor of the governor, brought into a bill, 
which was then before the house, a clause restraining towns from chusing any 
person to represent them in the General Court, other than freeholders and 
residents within such towns. This provision is generally looked upon as a 
privilege, and a point gained by the people; but it certainly was occasioned 
by what is commonly called the prerogative party in government, and, how- 
ever salutary, was designed as an abridgment of liberty." 

It is interesting to note that this popular error is of so ancient a date. 
Perhaps no other detail in our form of goveiTiment has had so extensive and 
so pernicious an influence as this restriction of offices to persons inhabiting 
the districts to be represented. And as it is also a restriction upon the 
powers of the electors, as contracting the limits within which they can choose 
their public servants, it is strange that the great mass of electors are so per- 
sistently cajoled by the few local aspirants for office. 

We observe that Sewall voted for the proposed bill, although he had been 
a representative himself for a town in which he was not a resident ; viz. , for 
VVestfield in 1683. See ante, p. 57. —Eds. 



1693.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 387 

Content. Not Content. 

1. Thomas Danforth. W™ Stoughton, Lt. Govl 

2. John Richards. Bartholomew Gedney. 

3. Wait Wintlirop. John Walley. 

4. James Russell. Isaac Addington, 

5. John Hathorne. Peter Sergeant. 

6. Samuel Sewall. Samuel Donel. 

7. Jonathan Corwin. Nathan! Thomas. 

8. John Foster. Charles Frost. 

9. Daniel Pierce. 

Governour came in presently after had done voting. 

Ordin"Ation. 

Wednesday, Nov. 29. Eode to Dedham and saw Mr. 
Joseph Belchar Ordained. He preached very well from 
Exod. 4. 12. Mr. Neh. Hobart ask'd the Objections ; 
Mr. SamI Torrey Solemnly prayed and gave the Charge, 
Mr. N. Hobart and Mr. Jn"' Danforth joining in laying on 
of Hands. Mr. Moses Fisk gave the right Hand of Fel- 
lowship. 118. Psalm sung from the 25*'? v. to the end; 
St. David's Tmie. 

Tuesday, Dec. 12, 1693. Rode to Salem with Lieut. 
Governour and Mr. Danforth, issu'd the Court on Wednes- 
day. Thorsday a great Storm of Rain : so stay'd there 
still. Din'd at Brother's. Were there in Company after- 
ward, Lieut. Governour, Mr. Danforth, Noyes, Gedney, 
Major Brown, Hathorne, Capt. Higginson, Mr. Leverett, 
Paul Dudley, Mr. Newton, Sewall, Sam, Stephen. Supped 
at Major Brown's ; Sung the 122. Ps. &c. 

Dec. 15. Very pleasant wether, came home. 

Dec. 20. Mr. Barthol. Chever is buried. Capt. Culli- 
mcr and 5 others drown'd cominii; from Scituatlast Satter- 
day in a Boat. A Briganteen cast away on Tinkers Island, 
about 6 drowned, among which an only son sent by his 
father from Nevis. There is a great Snow on the ground, 
most of it fallen within these 7 days. 



388 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [169f. 

Dec. 21. Publick Thanksgiving, very moderat Comfort- 
able Wether. 

Dec. 22, Judge How dies who came from Barbados. 

Dec. 23. Governour sails Eastward. 

Dec. 27, 1693. Went to the Funeral of Judge How, 
being invited. Went back at the Gate, and proceeded not 
to hear the Sermon. Mr. Addington, Foster, Walley, Wil- 
liams went with Mr. Sergeant to his House. 

Dec. 28*.^ Mr. Ward of Havarill is buried. 87 years 
old. 

Friday, Jan. 5*. Being in the chamber of the new 
House next Tiler's, I fell down, and razed off the skin of 
my right Legg upon the shin bone, putting my self to 
much pain ; I was fain to fall across the Joysts, to prevent 
fallino' throuo;h, which I was in o-reat dan(»:er of. 

Satterday, Jan. 13, 169|. The Floor of the lower 
Chamber towards the North-East, is laid ; I drove a Nail. 

Monday, Jan. 15, and Jan. 16, the Floor of the Hall- 
Chamber is laid. The Ice is clear gon out of the Docks 
as in March. 

Jan. 17. The Governour and Major Phillips return, 
and come to Town by Land from Salem, having been gon 
near a Moneth. This day John Mountford marries Mr. 
Bridsrham's wives Dauijhter. 

Jan. 19, 169|. Kitchen floor is finished. This day 
Mrs. Prout dies after sore conflicts of mind, not without 
suspicion of Witchcraft. 

Satterday, Jan. 27. The Hall Floor is finished. 

Jan. 30, 169|. The Kitchin Casements are Glazed and 
set up. 

Wednesday, Feb. 7. Major Townsend has a Daughter 
still-born and buried this day. Richard Cornish is buried 
this week. 

Friday, Feb. 23, 169|. Council Day for chusing Comis- 
sioners for the Chancery. In the Afternoon chose Mr, 
Stoughton, 17. Votes, Mr. Winthrop 16, Major Richards 



1694.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 389 

13, Danforth 7. One and Twenty present. Lieut. Gov- 
ernoiir declares his Non-acceptance. Governour adjourns 
the Council till morning for Consideration. 

This day Henry Ems the Baker has his name put into 
a Coinission to be a Messenger to the Representatives 
when sitting, and Comission deliver'd to him in the Council- 
Chamber. 

Satterday, Feb. 24, 169|. Mrs. Margaret Thacher, 
widow, dies. .This day our Stairs in the new House are 
finished. 

Wednesday, March 7, 169|. I went to Mr. Cook's and 
offered him £100. for his old Debt relating to Capt. Win- 
coll, as I had offer'd, before I went to England. Had 
lately promis'd Mrs. Cook to make her some offer before 
the end of winter. 

Monday, March 12, 169|. Waited on the Chief Justice 
and Mr. Danforth to Plimouth. 

Thorsday, March 15. Came homej good wether all 
four days. 

Friday, 16. A great Snow falls. 

March 27, 1694. Governour, Mr. Danforth, Winthrop, 
Russell, Sewall, Addington, Foster, Sergeant, Walley, Lieut. 
Alford, Goodwin, Mason, and Atkins, Carpenter, went to 
the Castle to view the works in order to Reparation. Mr. 
Secretary read there the dialogue between Whig and To- 
rey,^ while it rained. As came up, Capt. Clark saluted us 
with 3 Huzas and Guns from his Brio:anteen. 

April 2, 1694. Monday. Artillery Training ; Bastian 
and I set seeds of White-Thorn at Saunders's Pasture, north 
end. In tlie Afternoon, all the Town is filled with the 
discourse of Major Richards's Death, which was very ex- 
traordinarily suddain ; was abroad on the Sabbath, din'd 



1 " A dialo2;ue between Whig and Tory, alias "Willianiite and Jacobite," 
4to, 1003. It is mentioned in the twenty-second chapter of Macaulay's His- 
tory of England. — Eds. 



390 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1694. 

very well on Monday, and after that falling into an angry 
passion with his Servant Richard Frame, presently after, 
fell probably into a Fit of Apoplexy, and died. On Tues- 
day night was opened and no cause found of his death ; 
noble Parts being fair and sound. 

Friday, April 6. Major Richards is buried in his Tomb 
in the North Burying Place ; Companyes in Arms attend- 
ing the Funeral. Bearers, Stoughton Danforth ; Russell, 
Brown ; Sewall, Addington ; Major General and Mr. Foster 
led the Widow. Mr. Torrey was not there because 'twas 
Friday. Coffin was covered with Cloth. In the Tomb 
were fain to nail a Board across the Coffins and then a 
board standing right up from that, bearing against the top 
of the Tomb, to prevent their floating up and down ; saw- 
ins; and fittino; this board made some inconvenient Tarri- 
ance . 

Apr. 26. Major Brown marries Mrs. Rebecka Bayly. 

Tuesday, May 1. Mr. Woolcot marries Mrs. 

Freak. 

Wednesday, May 2. Major Brown has home his Bride ; 
I went as far as Bride-Brook and then returned ; many 
Salem Gentlemen being come to meet Him ; though would 
have been many more but that the day w^as doubtf uU and 
prov'd very rainy. I came over the ferry with Capt. Legg 
of Marblehead, his Son and Daughter Brattle, &c : had a 
very fair wind, but great rain. Visited Haiiali Hett, now 
Parkman, and went to the Funeral of Hezekia Henchman, 
who died yesterday ; was a Jury-man at the last Superiour 
Court. N. As went over in the ferry-Boat my Horse 
kick'd my knee and put me to considerable pain. Brother 
tells me Sister fears she shall have the Dry Belly-Ache. 

May 30. Election. 

July 4, 1694. Waited on the Governour to the Coiii- 
encement. In the forenoon Exercise, Mr. Coleman brings 
news of the Arrival of Eldridge and that Bennet parted 
from him about a week ago. Mr. Secretary said that the 



169i.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 391 

Packet relating to the Governour are in him. After com- 
ing from the Governour at night, Mr. Sam! Gaskill, our 
neighbour's, coming home is told me, comes in Beiiet; 
came up from Nantasket about 8. or 9. at night. 

July 5. Mr. Gaskill tells me that orders for the Gov- 
ernour's going to England are sent in the Ship by Mr. 
Maxfield, a Scotchman, who, he suposes deliver'd the 
Governour's Packet last night. Said Maxfield gave a 
receipt for them at London. 

July 16, 1694. Town-Meeting at Boston. Chose As- 
sessors, Capt. Foster and I gave them their Oathes. Brother 
brings Betty to Town. 

Wednesday, July 18, 1694. Oyster-Eiver is surprised 
and 90 odd persons kill'd and captivated, 13 Houses burnd, 
much Cattel killed and Corn stroy'd. 

Friday, July 27. Groton set upon by the Indians, 21 
persons kill'd, 13 captivated, 3 badly wounded. About 9. 
night, Mr. Lodowick comes to Boston. Between 10. and 
11. there is an Alarm through the Town kept up till near 
day-break. Mr. Brattle was arriv'd at Col. Shrimpton's, 
there he told me of Mr. Lodowicks unhappiness in coming 
just then. During the Alarm, Mr. Willard's little daugh- 
ter Sarah dies, buried on Sabbath-day a little before Sunset. 

Augt. 6, 1694. Set out with Major Townsend for Al- 
bany. Eeturn Augt. 31. 

Oct. 5, 1694. Mr. Willard, Mrs. Willard, Mrs. Noyes, 
Hanah and Joseph ride in the Coach to Newton, to visit 
Mr. Hobart ; Sam. and I goe on Horsback. This day Mr. 
Oakes's Urian is buried ; and Cous. Mary Duiner dies 
about break of day. 

Fifth Day, Oct. 11, 1694. I have Sam. to Michael Perry 
to live with him upon Trial. Mr. Torrey prayed earnestly 
for him at my desire ; went a little before eleven aclock. 

Fourth-day, Oct. 17, 1694. Mrs. Margaret Sliepard, 
Sam. Phillips's Son, and Mrs. Elisa. Pole dye. 

Oct. 19. Mrs. Pole buried. Bearers, Mr. Cook, Sewall, 



392 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1694. 

Addington, Oakes. Byfield, Oliver. Was laid in the old 
burying place. 

Oct. 20. This week the upper Floors are laid with 
boards that had only this Summer's seasoning. 

Oct. 22, 1694. Capt. John Wincoll mounting his Horse 
to ride with Major Hook and others, from Newitchewan- 
nock to the Point, falls off his Horse ; in falling cries, 
Lord have mercy upon me, and dies imediately. 

Oct. 24. Sending an Agent from hence voted in the 
negative by the Council. 

Sabbath, Oct. 28, 1694. There is a yery High boister- 
ous and cold Norwest Wind, my dear Mother Hull for fear 
the wind should bear her down, does not put on her Cloak : 
but wears two Scarvs and so catches cold ; however, grows 
indispos'd so that canot eat nor sleep ; kept from the Cate- 
chising and Lecture. I left word with Mr. Oliver that 
mother desired his Brother to come and see her, which 
he did Nov. 1. and left directions. Mr. Moodey prays 
with her. 

Nov. 1, 1694. Capt. Dobbins refusing to give Bail, the 
Sheriff w^as taking him to Prison, and Sir William Phips 
rescued him, and told the Sheriff He would send him, the 
Sheriff, to prison, if he touch'd him, which occasioned very 
warm discourse between Him and the Lieut. Governour. 

Nov. 2 Mr. Willard visits her [Mrs. Hull] and prays; 
speaks to her to be very carefull lest should have a sore 
fit of sickness. 

Nov. 3, 1694. 1. past m. Mr. Willard prays and the 
Governour adjourns the General Court to the last Wednes- 
day in February next, P.M. Several of the Council de- 
sired a dissolution, lest some Emergency should require 
the Calling of an Assembly, and this Adjournment bind 
our hands ; but the Governour would not hearken to it. 
Onset of the Enemy, Packets from England, were men- 
tion'd. Before the Adjournment, Governour expostulated 
wdth the Speaker about copying out and dispersing a Letter 



1694.] DIAKT OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 393 

of Sir H. Ashurst's ; then said, This Court is dissolv'd to 
such a time : being put in mind of his mistake, said, I 
mean Adjourn'd. 

Wednesday, Nov. 7. First day of the Court's meeting 
this week, Capt. Dobbins is call'd. He utterly refuseth to 
give Bail, confesseth himself to be in the Sheriff's Custody. 
Between the Sheriff and Keeper is carried to Goal, which 
makes great Wrath. He pleaded Justification for it, pro- 
duced two Warrants under the Governour's Hand and 
Seal, and an Act of Parliament : Court adviseth. 

Sixth-day, Nov. 9, 1694. Lieut. Governour and Coun- 
cil dine at James Meers's ; The Treat was intended for 
the Governour ; but is so offended at Capt. Dobbins Im- 
prisonment, that He comes not, nor Mr. Mather the Father, 
nor Son, nor Capt. Foster ; so chair at the uper end of the 
Table stands empty. Note. Mr. Cotton Mather was sick 
of a grievous pain in his face, else He had been there, as 
He told me afterward. 

Fifth-day, Nov. 15V.\ Is a Council at the Governour's 
House about taking Mr. Jackson's Affidavits ; defer it till 
after Lecture that Capt. Byfield may have notice to be 
there. 

Mr. Walter preaches a very good Sermon from Ps. 73. 
27. They that are far from Thee shall perish : shewd the 
misery of the unregenerat : and Hapiness of Believers, by 
reason of their manifold Nearness to God. Governour did 
not go to Lecture. After Lecture was much debate at the 
Townhouse, and at last Mr. Jackson's Affidavits were all 
read over, and his Oath given him by the Lieut. Govern- 
our and Council. 

Seventh-day, Nov. 17*1' 1694. Just about Sunset or a 
little after, the Governour goes from his House to the 
Salutation Stairs, and there goes on board his Yatcht ; 
Lieut. Governour, many of the Council, Mr. Cotton Ma- 
ther, Capts. of Frigatts, Justices and many otlier Gentle- 
men accompanying him. 'Twas six aclock by that time I 



394 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1694. 

got home, and I only staid to see them come to sail. Guns 
at the Castle were fired about seven : Governour had his 
Flagg in main Top. Note. Twas of a seventh day in the 
even when the Governour came to Town, and so tis at 
his going off, both in darkness : and uncomfortable, be- 
cause of the Sabbath.^ 

Nov. 20, 1694. The Dial is set up at the South-West 
end of the house. Mr. Torrey lodges here. 

Nov. 21. My wife grew so ill that I got up between 
three and four in the morn. Call Mrs. Weeden ; proves 
a rainy day. 

Nov. 21, 1694. My wife is brought to bed of a Daugh- 
ter between 9. and 10. of the Clock in the morn. Mr. 
Torrey prayd with Mother and me in the Kitchen of the 
new house for that mercy ; Mother desiring Him, saying 
that my wife was in great and more than ordinary Ex- 
tremity, so that she was not able to endure the Chamber : 
I went also to acquaint Mr. Willard, and as I came back, 
I met Mrs. Perce, who wish'd me joy of my Daughter, as 
came in at the Gate. Mr. Torrey was prevail'd with to 
go into Chamber and Return Thanks to God. Women 
din'd with rost Beef and minc'd Pyes, good Cheese and 
Tarts. Grows to a very great Storm. 

Nov. 22. I put up a Bill for to Thank God for deliver- 
ing my wife in childbearing ; there was no other. Mr. 
Cotton Mather preached from Isa. 32. 2. taking occasion 

1 Hutchinson (Hist., II. 75-79) gives quite a sketch of the closing months 
of Phips's administration. The Governor became involved in various per- 
sonal disputes, arising partly from his interpretation of his official powers, 
partly from his character. " He was of a benevolent, friendly dis^wsition ; 
at the same time quick and passionate." 

One quarrel was with Captain Short, of the " Nonesuch " frigate, whom 
he at last caned in the street. Finally, he was ordered to leave his govern- 
ment, and to answer in England the complaints made against him. On his 
arrival in London, he was sued by Dudley and Brenton for £20,000. Sir 
Henry Ashurst bailed him, but he laid his arrest so much to heart that it 
was supposed to have brouglit upon him or increased the sickness of which 
he died, the ISth of February, 1691-5. — Eds. 



1694.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 395 

from the Storm. Lieut. Governour not at Meeting. Mr. 
Torrey and Fisk lodge here. 

Nov. 23. Thej go home, though the wether is still 
cloudy, drisley and uncomfortable. 

Sabbath, Nov. 25, 1694. I named my little Daughter 
Sarah, Mr. Willard baptiz'd her. Lydia Cornish, and Jo- 
seph Scot were baptiz'd at the same time. Mr. Torrey 
said, call her Sarah and make a Madam of her.^ I was 
strugling whether to call her Sarah or Mehetabel ; but 
when I saw Sarah's standing in the Scripture, viz : Peter, 
Galatians, Hebrews, Romans, I resolv'd on that side. Also 
Mother Sewall had a sister Sarah ; and none of my sisters 
of that name. 

Dec. 4, 1694. Lieut. Governour calls at 's entrance into 
the Town ; I told him I had spoken to Mr. Willard to 
pray ; tells me of his intended Treat at Mr. Coopers, and 
enquires whom He had best to invite. Between 2. and 
3. P.M. we meet at Mr. Secretaries, from thence go to the 
Townhouse ; viz. Lieut. Governour, Mr. Danforth, Gedney, 
Russel, Cook, Phillips, Brown, Hathorne, Addington, Sew- 
all, Lynde, Hook, Sergeant. Mr. Willard prayed. Then 
Lieut. Governour made a brave Speech upon the occasion 
of the Government's being fallen on Him.^ After this, 
Col. Hutchinson came in and made 13. 

After twas debated, and several Acts of Parliament 
view'd, S2:ave the Lieut. Governor an Oath for his due 
Execution of the Acts referrins: to Naviii-ation, so far as 
they concern the Plantations. Voted a Letter to be sent 
to the Government of Rode-Island that they would dis- 

1 Sarali, in Hebrew, means "lady," " mi.-^tress," or "dame." — Eds. 

2 Tlie Lieutenant-Governor was William Stougliton, who succeeded on the 
departure of I'hips. Xov. 17, 1G94, and acted as Governor until the arrival 
of the Karl of Bellomont, May 26, 1009. When Loid Bellomont went to 
Kew Yoi'k. in May, 17(M), Stonijhton was atjain actina^ Governor, and so con- 
tinued until liis death, July 7, 1701. The Council then became the supreme 
power in the Colony, acting until the arrival of Governor Joseph Dudley, 
June 11. 1702. — Eus. 



396 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1694. 

countenance Capt. Tu's proceedings. Voted Capt. Ham- 
ond, of Kittery, Register and Clerk in the room of Capt. 
Wincoll, deceased ; at the Instance of Major Hook. Lieut. 
Governour invites, and we go to Mr. Cooper's, where a 
Splendid Treat is provided, most cold meat. Councillors, 
Ministers, Justices there, and Col. Shrimpton, Mr. E"* 
Hutchinson, &c. Mr. Increase Mather Crav'd a Blessing ; 
Mr. Willard return'd Thanks. 

I mov'd Mr. Willard and Mr. Cotton Mather, that, see- 
ing the Old and South Church fell short in their singing 
on the Thanksgiving-day, might make it up now, if they 
saw meet : Mr. Willard said would sing what He intended 
then, prevented by the night : Ask'd Lieut. Governour 
and read the 47. Ps. Clap hands. — Spake to me and I 
set it. Lieut. Gov^ Usher was invited, but not there ; 
He is gon to Prison this afternoon, as tis said, upon Mr. 
Shrimpton's Execution. 

Dec. 7, 1694. Col. Gedney tells me that Brother Ger- 
rish is dead. It seems he died Dec. 4. and was buried the 
day following. Capt. Noyes's Company in Arms. 

Tuesday, Dec. 25. Shops are open, men at work ; Carts 
of Pork, Hay, Coal, Wood come to Town as on other days. 
Mr. Maccarty's shop is open. 

Seventh-day, Jan. 5. I waited on the Lieut. Governour 
to Braintrey, and visited Unkle Quinsey. Was somewhat 
exercis'd about my dream the last night, which was that 
Mr. Edward Oakes, the Father, was chosen Pastor of Cam- 
bridge Church. Mr. Adams and I had discourse about the 
Oddness of the matter, that the father should succeed his 
Son so long after the Son's death. I excus'd my not voting, 
as not pertaining to me ; though I had other reasons be- 
sides. Thus I was conversing among the dead. 

Unkle Quinsey brought us going as far as Mr. Wilson's 
house. Got home about an hour by Sun. Laus Deo. 

Had Capt. Thomas's Company from Tho. Walkers to 
Unkles Gate, by accident. 



169|.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 397 

Fifth day, Jan. 10. Major Hook dies, being much wanted 
and lamented. Had a Letter from him Dec. 31. It seems 
was taken but that day Senight before he died. The Lord 
save New England. Dr. Doel of Newbury died a little 
while ago, one of my Schoolfellows, as was also Brother 
Gerrish ; heard not certainly of said Doel's death till Mr. 
Einery told it me Jan. 15, in the Street. 

Jan. 16. Lieut. Governour, Mr. Cook, Mr. Secretary, 
Mr. Sergeant and S. S. went over to Charlestown and 
visited Mr. Morton and Mr. Graves ; to see if could bring 
over Mr. Graves, &c. that so another Minister and God's 
Ordinances might be setled there in peace, but see little 
likelihood as yet. Went to the Meeting, at Mrs. Noyes's 
bidding, in Mr. D. Oliver's new brick house. The weather 
was so extream rainy and snowy that very few" were there. 
Sung the 30*.^^ Psalm. 

Second day, Jan. 14. I goe to Mr. Perry and speak to 
him to send home Sam. from the Shop, that so his sore 
and swoln feet might be cured ; which standing in the cold 
shop would prevent. He sends him home. Had no 
Coles. 

Feb. 9, 169-|. Jacob Mason, the Instrument-maker, 
died last night very suddenly, as he sat in a chair at the 
widow Hanah Cowell's, where he was instructing a young 
man in the Mariner's Art. This day there is a very ex- 
traordinary Storm of Snow. It seems Jacob Mason was 
in Drink. 

Feb. 12, 169|. Mrs. Moodey is stricken with the Palsie 
in her right side, and is made speechless. Mr. Moodey is 
sent for. The last night and this day, Feb. 12, the wether 
is extream Cold which Mrs. Moodey always hardly bears. 

Feb. 15. Bastian fetches Sam's Chest from Mr. Perry's. 
It falls out so that neither he nor ^Irs. Perry are at home. 
I gave the maid 12'^ and Robin a Real. 

Lord's Day, Feb. 17, 1G9|. James Meers's Daughter 
was taken sick last nitilit and dved this morninu: : which 

O V CD ' 



398 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [169|. 

Suddeness Mr. Willard mention'd with a great deal of 
Affection in the morning-Prayer. A Note was put up. 
She was more than Twenty years old. 

Third-Day, Feb. 19, 169f Salem-Chamber [Prayer], 
Samuel to be disposed to such a Master and Calling, as 
wherein he may abide with God. Jane, and Fathers 
family. 

Assembly that is to sit next week, that may be directed 
and succeeded by God, to doe for the Salvation of the 
Province. That a Man after God's own heart may be 
chosen for a Judge. Fronteers from Albany and Kinder- 
hook, to Pemaquid. Spring. England. 

This day in the evening, I hear of the desolating Earth- 
quake that has been in Italy near Naples, the last Fall. 
Archbishop of Canterbury dead. Wait Newman dyd be- 
tween the Groin and Plimouth. Is 3,000£ Loss in Fifield's 
being Taken. 

Fourth-day, March 6, 169 f. I had got a printed List 
of all the Councillors names except the Judges, that might 
serve for a Nomination, and indented them with Scissers, 
and so every one took as it pleas'd him, and put into Mr. 
Secretaries Hat. Elisha Cooke, Esqr. had Twenty Votes. 
Barthol. Gedney, John Hathorne, Elisha Hutchinson, John 
Foster, and Nathanael Thomas Esqrs. had One Vote apiece ; 
which made up the whole number of Electors : for the 
Lieut. Governour voted not, sustaining the place of Gov- 
ernour ; Col. Pynchon was not here, and Major Hook 
dead. So there remained 25. This day Joseph Belknaps 
little Son of about 4 years old, falls into scalding Wort 
and is kill'd. On the Sabbath a Roxbury Woman fell off 
her Horse and is since dead : On the day before, one 
Trusedal, of Newton, was pulling Hay from an undermined 
Mow in the Barn, which fell upon him and kill'd him. 
Mr. Wheelwright is chosen to succeed Major Hook as to 
the Probat of Wills, and Mr. Peperill as a Justice of the 
Inferiour Court. Mr. Elatson buryed his wife this day. 



169f ] DIARY OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 399 

Bearers had Scarfs and Rings; was buryed from Mr. 
Colemans. 

March 11, 169|. "Went to Plimouth to keep Court ; 
IS^.!" Came to Hingham; 14*^ home, vid Almanack; 15*.^ 
Voted the Writt for calling an Assembly to be conforma- 
ble to the Law, Nov. 8, 1693, a further Tax of 3000 and 
odd pounds granted, and an additional Impost for a fund 
of 4000. Bills of Credit. 

This day, March 15, young Tim^ Clark, of about 14 
years old, falls down into the Hold of a Ship on the Kilson, 
and dies, to the great Sorrow of all that hear of it. At 
night Deputies make the Lieut. Governour and some of 
the Council drink at the Exchange Tavern. 

March 16. Deputies vote for Mr. Torrey to preach the 
Election Sermon, and that 25"' April be a Fast. Lieut. 
Governour makes a Speech to the Deputies ; Mr. Willard 
prays. Lieut. Governour desires Mr. Secretary to declare 
that the Court is dissolv'd. Gives the Speaker &c. a Glass 
of Wine at Mr. Epaphras Shrimptons. Upon the 14*;^ of 
March Mr. Mitchell dies, is buried upon the 16. A Storm 
of Snow this day. 

Sabbath, March 17. Is a very sore Storm of Snow. 
When Afternoon Exercise is over, Mr. Willard stays the 
Church and Major Walley, Capt. Williams, and Checkly 
are chose to accompany our Pastor to Salem- Village on 
the 3'? of April next ; that Church calling a Council, to 
see if can put an end to their contentions. 

March 18, 169|. Last night I dream'd that all my 
Children were dead except Sarah ; which did distress me 
sorely with Reflexions on my Omission of Duty towards 
them, as well as Breaking oft the Hopes I had of them. 
The Lord help me thankfully and fruitfully to enjoy them, 
and let that l)e a means to awaken me. This day Tim. 
Clark is buried, a great Funeral. He never spake after 
his Fall. Great Snow on the Ground. 

March 17, 109,^. Mr. Woodbridn-e of Newbury dies in 



400 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1695. 

a good old Age, more than 80 ; buried March 19* as Capt. 
Hill tells me, March 21, after Lecture. 

March 23. Very sore Storm of Rain. Mr. Woodbridge 
was a Good Man, and a constant attender npon God in his 
publick worship on the Sabbath-day, though he himself 
preached not. I saw Him when last at Newbury. 

March 29, 1695. Went to the Meeting at Mr. Olivers : 
Major Walley sat next me, and presently after the Exer- 
cise, ask'd me if I heard the sad News from England, and 
then told me the Queen was dead, which was the first I 
heard of it. It seems Capt. Allen arriv'd yesterday at 
Marblehead, who brought the News, and fiU'd the Town 
with it this day. It seems the Queen died on the 27^:'" of 
December, having been sick four days of the Small Pocks. 
C. Allen was at Coruna about the Groin,' when the Pac- 
kuet came thether that brought the News of it : Where- 
upon the Fleet performed their usual Ceremonies, and the 
Merchants went into Mourning. Mr. Willard preached 
from Jn" 21-21, 22. to prepare men to acquiesce in the 
Soveraign Disposal of God as to mens honouring of Him 
in Doing, or Suffering, or both. 

April 1, 1695. Joseph speaking about my sending two 
Frenchmen to prison upon the Act relating to them, said, 
If this Country stand when I am a Man, I'll drive them 
all out. 

April 1. Three of Watertown came to me and gave an 
account of their Town-Meeting ; which was Wednesday 
last, but could do nothing : so adjourned to the 28".' Inst. 
and then cliose Select-Men ; Though the Farmers voted 
with the East-End ; yet the Middle out- voted them nnd 
have chosen Select-men to their mind, and Capt. Garfield 
Town-Clerk, in stead of Capt. Prout, who has endeavour'd 

1 Coruna, or Corunna, a seaport in the north-west corner of Spain, is 
perhaps best known as the place where Sir John Moore was slain in 181)9. 
By British sailors it is termed " The Groyne," a corruption of the French 
name, "La Corogne." — Eds. 



1695.] DIARY OF SA3IUEL SEWALL. 401 

much to obstruct their proceedings about the New-meeting- 
house. Parties were so combin'd on either side that 'twas 
a continued Duel in each, One to One ; and Four Score 
and odd Votes apiece. The Lord give a peacable Settle- 
ment to that Church and Town, so as may be most for the 
advantage of His Interest and Glory. 

April 3, 1695. I planted Two Locusts, two Elms at 
Wheelers pond, and one in Elm-Pasture near the Line 
over against the Middle-Elm. The middle Locust-Tree 
at Wheelers pond ^ was set there the last year. 

Apr. 5. There is pretty much Thunder and Lightening 
about break of day. Thunder seem'd to me like Great 
Guns at first. 

Apr. 7. Capt. Hill has a Grandson James baptiz'd. 

Tuesday, Apr. 9, 1695. Piam Blower and others from 
Virginia and Barbados bring a Confirmation of the Queens 
death : and Report that the French King is dead ; and his 
Gen! Luxemburg ; that two other duelled for the honour 
of his place, one fell, and the other went over to the Con- 
federals. Ketch arrived that came from Plimouth the 
Tenth of February. This day father Daws makes my 
little Bridge. 

Apr. 10. When I rise in the morn I find the Ground 
and houses covered with Snow. Be it that Lewis the 11^!* 
be indeed dead &c. yet we may have a sharp, though short 
winter in New Endand still. God defend. 

Apr. 23. Neighbour Ellis dies. 

Apr. 24. We are told from Madera, that one of the 



^ The follfnving extract from the second Tolume of Boston town records 
seems to refer to this matter: — 

" March 25"* 1005. Wliereas Capt. Samuel Sewall liath l)oen at Charq-e 
in severall essays to plant trees at the south end of the I'nwn. for tlie shad- 
ing of Wlieeler's Pond, therefore it is ordered tliat the said Sewall and his 
Ileires and none else shall have liberty from time to time to lup tlu' ti-ecs so 
planted, and to cut them down and Dispose of tliem. he or tlicy jihwiting 
others and causing them to grow in stead of those cut down." — Eds. 

26 



402 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1695. 

Mast-Ships is Taken and that Lewis 14 is yet alive. Very 
wet and Rainy Wether. 

Monday, April 29, 1695. The morning is very warm 
and Sunshiny; in the Afternoon there is Thunder and 
Lightening, and about 2. P.M. a very extraordinary Storm 
of Hail, so that the ground was made white with it, as 
with the blossoms when fallen ; 'twas as bigg as pistoll and 
Musquet Bullets ; It broke of the Glass of the new House 
about 480 Quarrels [Squares] of the Front; of Mr. Ser- 
geant's about as much ; Col. Shrimpton, Major General, 
Govf Bradstreet, New Meetinghouse, Mr. Willard, &c. 
Mr. Cotton Mather dined with us, and was with me in 
the new Kitchen when this was ; He had just been men- 
tioning that more Ministers Houses than others propor- 
tionably had been smitten with Lightening ; enquiring what 
the meaning of God should be in it. Many Hail-Stones 
broke throw the Glass and flew to the middle of the Room, 
or farther : People afterward Gazed upon the House to 
see its Ruins. I got Mr. Mather to pray with us after this 
awfull Providence ; He told God He had broken the brittle 
part of our house, and prayd that we might be ready for 
the time when our Clay-Tabernacles should be broken. 
Twas a sorrowfull thing to me to see the house so far 
undon ao:ain before twas finish'd. It seems at Milton on 
the one hand, and at Lewis's [see under May 25] on the 
other, there was no Hail. 

I mentiond to Mr. Mather that Monmouth made his 
discent into England about the time of the Hail in '85, 
Suiner, that much cracked our South-west windows. Col. 
Archdell, Governour of Carolina ^ comes to Town from 
Portsmouth this nig;ht. 



^ Carolina, at that time comprising both Xorth and South Carolina, was 
granted in 1G63. In 1G09, John Locke drew up a constitution for the Colony, 
which was abrogated about 1695. At the suggestion of the late Governor, 
Thomas Smith, the proprietors sent out one of their own number as Gover- 



1695.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 403 

- Apr. 30. Col. Archclell Wcaits on the Lieut. Governoiir 
in the Council-Chamber just after the breaking up of the 
Court. Came from London the 10. of January, from Fal- 
mouth the 2A^}^ to Madera, and from thence to Portsmouth 
in Mr. Olivers Briganteen, and so hether by land. The 
Queen died the 27. Decf, was laid in State. Parliament 
ordered Money for the Funeral which was like to be sump- 
tuous. Parliament, Lord Mayor, &c. waited on the King 
with their addresses of Condolance. News of French King's 
death was contradicted. Duke Luxembourg dead. Dr. 
Teiiison Archbishop. Has brought no Gazett nor Print. 
Courtiers and Merchants were in Mourning. 

May 1 . A vessel arrives from Barbados giving an account 
of the notice taken there of the Queen's Death in Guns 
and Colours, by order of the Governour ; which with the 
News from Col. Archdell caused the Lieut. Governour to 
give order to the Captain of the Castle for firing of Twenty 
guns about 3. P.M., to take it from the Frigots below ; 
Captains having been spoken with. 

I visit Mr. Loring who lies sick of 's Cut-Toe at Pilgrim 
Simkins. Coming back with Mr. Secretary, Major Wal- 
ley meets us, and tells us of good News, which was the 
Escape of Hezekia Miles from the Indians where he had 
been captive several years ; saith they are sick at St. 
John's. Mr. Hobarts Son Gershom is well at a new Fort 



nor, John Arclidale. He was a Quaker, and the historians speak of liis 
administration as a wise and happy change from former rulei'S. lie seems 
to have remained in the Colony but for one or two years. lie had visited 
Xew England Vjefore, in IGO-i, as agent for Governor Ferdinando Ciorges of 
Maine, who married his sister ]\Iary. 

O'Callaghan says that he was elected Member of Parliament in 1008, but, 
as he would only affirm, he was not allowed to take his seat. In lOitO, we 
find Thomas Archdale in the lists as Member for Chipping Wycomb, county 
Bucks. 

"Wheeler (Hist. North Carolina) says that Archdale's daughter Anne mar- 
ried Emmanuel Lowe, and has descendants still living in the State. 

Archdale published " A new description of the fertile and pleasant Prov 
ince of Carolina." London, 1707. — Eds. 



404 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1695. 

a days Journey above Nerigawag, Masters name is Nassa- 
combewit, a good Master, and Mistress. Master is chief 
Captain, now Bambazeen is absent. Hezekia got to Saco 
last Thorsday. 

May 5, 1695. About 3 hours News comes to Town of 
the death of Sir Wilham Phips, Feb. 18*.'.' at which people 
are generally sad. Lay sick about a week of the new 
Fever as 'tis called. Cous. Hull says the talk is Mr. Dud- 
ley will be Governour. Tis said the King goes over Sea 
again, and Seven persons are to have the Regency in his 
absence. 

May 6. The mourning Guns are fired at the Castle and 
Town for the Death of our Governour. Representatives 
the same as before, chosen this day. 

INIay 8, 1G95. I visit my Lady, who takes on heavily 
for the death of Sir William. Thinks the Lieutenant and 
Council were not so kind to him as thev should have been. 
"Was buried out of Salters Hall.' This day, May 8, we have 

^ Considering the space that Sir William Phips occupies in this Journal, 
it may not be inappropriate to copy the following account of his tomb, given 
in the " New View of London," 1708, reprinted in 2s. E. Hist. Geu. Regis- 
ter, IV. 290: — 

" At the east end of the Church of St. ]\Iary "Woolnoth, near the north- 
east angle, is a pretty, white marble monument, adorned with an urn between 
two Cupids, the figure of a ship, and also a boat at sea, ■with persons in the 
water; the.se beheld by a winged eye, all done in basso relievo; also seven 
medals, as tliat of K. William and Q. Mary; some with Spanish impressions, 
as the castle, ci'oss-potent, &c., and likewise the figures of a sea-quadrant, 
cross-staff, &c., and this inscription: — 

" ' Xear this place is interred the Body of Sir William Phipps, Knight; 
who, in the year 1687, by his great industry, discovered among the rocks 
near the Banks of Bahama on tlie north side of Ilispaniola, a Spanish 2:)late- 
ship, which had been under water 4-1 years, out of wliich he took in gold and 
silver to the value of £300,000 sterling; and, with a fidelity equal to his con- 
duct, brought it all to London, where it was divided between himself and the 
rest of the adventurers: For which great service he was knighted by his then 
majesty. King James the 2d; and afterward, by the connnand of his present 
majesty, and at the request of the principal inhabitants of New-England, ha 
accepted of the government of the Massachusetts, in which he continued to 
the time of his death; and discharged his trust with that zeal for the intei-est 
of liis country, and with so little regard to his own private advantage, that 



1695.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 405 

News of the Taking of Seven Vessels by a small French 
Pickeroon. One is a Briganteen, Mr. Greenwood, Master, 
out of which had 1000<£ Money. Neither of the Frigats 
is yet got out. 

Monday, May 13, 1695. Set out with John Trowbridge 
for Newbury, visit my Brother by the way ; visit Siste>' 
Northend : lodge at my Father's. 

Tuesday, 14. Goe to the Ferry and meet Mr. Danforth, 
Cook, Col. Hutchinson, Jn° Hubbard, drink at my Father's, 
I sup with them at Mrs. White's. 

Wednesday, May 15. Set out for Portsmouth, have a 
Guard of Six men from Newbury. Capt. Smith of Hamp- 
ton meets us with 12. by Govf Usher's order, long Arms. 
At Hampton Major Vaughn and Mr. Waldron's Letter 
meets us to invite us to their Houses, they being at the 
Council. Find Mrs. Bedford very sick, taken the day 
before. 

Thorsday, May 16. Went up the River to Mr. Shap- 
lighs and there held the Court just over against Dover. 
Went down in the night and found Mrs. Bedford dead. 

Friday, May 17. Drive a Pin in Major Vaughans Grist 
and fullingmill.' Capt. Walbon carries us down to GovF 
Usher's Treat ; after go to the Fort, and are saluted by 
the Ordinance at going in, and coming out. Interceded 
for an Ensign of Hampton then in hold in the Fort, upon 
which was presently dismissed. 

May 18. Din'd with Mr. Penhallow. Go to the funeral 
of Mrs. Redford. 



he justly gained the good esteem and affections of the greatest and best part 
of the inhabitants of tliat Colony. 

" ' He died the 18th of February, 1094[-5]. And his lady, to perpetuate 
liis memory, hath caused this monument to be erected.' 

"Here are also his arms depicted; i.e., Sable, a trefoil slipt, within au 
orle of eight ]\Iullets, Argent.^' — Eds. 

^ Repeated instances occur in this Journal of this driving a pin or a nail 
in a house, barn, or ship. Apparently there was some superstition connected 
with the ceremony, though we have failed to find mention of it. — Eos. 



406 DIARY OP SAMUEL SEWALL. [1695 

May 19. Mr. Moodey preaches both parts of the day, 
in the afternoon partly a funeral Sermon on the sudden- 
ness of Mrs. Bedford's lamented death. Great Rain in the 
Afternoon. 

May 20. Ride to Newbury. I treat Mr. Danforth, Cook, 
Hutchinson, Moodey, &c. with Salmon at Capt. Serjeant's. 
I lodge at Newbury. 

May 21. Ride to Ipswich in Company Capt. Sergeant, 
Mr. Mayo, Plaisted. It seems Cous. Hobart of Hingham 
was buried this day. Sent Joaiia Gerrish home. Lodge 
at the Widow Apleton's with Major Eps. 

May 24. Friday. Walk to Argilla,^ and visit Madam 
Symonds, who sits up in her chair, but is weakly. 

May 25. In our way home divert to Col. Apleton's, 
who keeps house by reason of a Sore Legg. The day is 
very hot, which makes us almost faint by that time we 
reach Lewis's ; there refresh very Comfortably. Got home 
seasonably and found my family well, except Sarah, blessed 
be God. 

Wednesday, May 29, 1695. Election. Stoughton 71 
Danforth 79. Winthrop 74. Pynchon 41. Gedney 74 
Cook C9. Hathorn 58. Pike 48. Hutchinson 70. Brown 
55. Corwin 70. Foster 64. Russell 66. Sergeant 49. 
Addington 78. Phillips 76. Perce 69. Sewall 77. Voted 
but for 18. at first. Col. Saltonstall had 39. as 1693, and 
was left out. 

Plvmoiiih. Bradford 57. Lothrop 64. Thomas 59. 
Saffin 59. 

Main[e], Wheelwright 71. Frost 72. Mr. E"^ Hutch- 
inson 34. in stead of Major Hook, deceased. 

^ Argilla was the name of an estate formerly belonging to Deputy- 
Governor Samuel Symonds. In his "will (printed in " The Ancestry of 
Priscilla Baker ") he gives his widow £12 annually, to be paid out of his 
farm called Argilla, also the east end of his dwelling-house at Argilla. 
Felt's "Ipswich," p. 163, says of Symonds that "his farm at Argilla has 
been long noted." March IS, 1713-4, Timothy Thornton had one quarter of 
Argilla in fee. — Eds. 



1695.] DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 407 

Sagadahock, Lynde 50. 

Vagum [at large ?], Shrimp ton 28. Thacher 32. 

Thacher had 46. when voted for PUmouth, yet there 
lost it. 

Voters Depts. 56, ) g^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^_ 

Councillors 26, j "^ 

oil living, was there ; but the Lieut. Governour did not 
vote. 

Friday, June 14. The Bill against Incest was passed 
with the Deputies, four and twenty Nos, and seven and 
twenty Yeas. The Ministers gave in their Arguments 
yesterday in Writing ; else it had hardly gon, because 
several have married their wives sisters, and the Deputies 
thought it hard to part them. 'Twas concluded on the 
other hand, that not to part them, were to make the Law 
abortive, by begetting in people a conceipt that such 
Marriages were not against the Law of God,^ 

Mr. Secretary treats the Lieut. Governour, Council, 
Ministers; Major Townsend and Mr. Bromfield, at James 
Meers's. Mr. Allen in returning Thanks, mentioned the 
passing of this Act, and that relating to Ministers. 

At night, reading in course in the family the Eleventh 
of the Revelation, it brought fresh to my mind what I had 

1 As might be inferred from the text, this law (chap. 2 of Acts of 1G95-G) 
placed in the list of forbidden marriages that of a man with his wife's sister 
or with his wife's niece (either her brother's or sister's daughter). It does 
not in terms forbid the corresponding marriage of a woman with her hus- 
band's brother or nepliew. 

We liave the authority of Ellis Ames, Esq., for the statement that no 
other statute was passed upon this subject until after the Kevolution. Chap. 
C9 of 178.3 was enacted to regulate marriage and divorce, and the above pi'o- 
hibition was then dropped. Tlie law has since remained unchanged, and 
we have failed to learn that the act of 1785 caused any public discussion. 
Few indeed of the present generation here have any suspicion tliat such 
marriages were ever unlawful or questionable : yet in other countries 
to-day ecclesiastical scruples continue to maintain tlie prohibition. In 
England, where many painful instances have occurred, almost annuallv a 
motion iu Parliament is made for the repeal of this unjust and absurd law. 
— Eds. 



408 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1695. 

said to Mr. Mather a pretty while agoe, that if we could 
pass the Law against Incest, might help to finish our 
Testimony. 

June 16, 1695. Lord's Day. Mrs. Willard is brought 
to bed about noon, and her Daughter Eunice baptised. 
Four Males baptised ; Robert, John, John, William. Mother 
goes to Church in the afternoon, and so is at the Baptisme. 
Last night were comfortable Showers after much dry 
wether. . 

Friday, June 21. My dear Mother Hull tells me of 
Capt. Daviss Invitation, and bids me to remember to be 
at the Meeting. Mr. Willard preaches excellently. At 
home, at prayer, we read the 16. of the Revelation ; I 
spake somthing to the Sixth Vial, but little thought how 
presently those awf ull Words, Behold I come as a Thief ! 
did concern me and my whole family : And then, and at 
prayer with my Wife in the Chamber, was wofully drowsy 
and stupid. About one at night, Jane comes up with an 
unusual Gate, and gives us an account of Mothers Illness, 
not being able to speak of a considerable time. I went to 
Capt. Daviss and fetched some Trecle Water and Syrup 
of Saffron ; Dame Ellis made a Cake of Herbs to try to 
strenw-then Mothers Stomach. In the morn Roi2rer Judd 

o o 

is sent to Cambridare for Dr. Oliver, mother chusino: to 
speak with him and no other. When he comes he advises 
to a Plaister for the Stomach, which is aplied ; and a Potion 
made of Bezar [Bezoar] to be taken in Syrup of Saffron and 
Treacle water ; of wdiich took once or twice. About 8. or 
9. I call'd Mr. Willard at her desire, who prays with her. 
Finding the room free once, and observing her very great 
weakness; I took the oportunity to thank her for all her 
Labours of Love to me and mine, and ask'd her pardon of 
our undutifullness ; She, after a while, said, God Pity 'Em ; 
which was the last prayer I heard her make. About six 
I ask'd if I should call Mr. Willard, (for had said to hiui 
that he should come again if he could). As far as I could 



1695.] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 409 

perceive, she said, Not so soon. But I called, or sent; 
yet could not discern any attention to the prayer, her 
disease had prevail'd so far, and a little before Sunset she 
expired, to our very surprising Grief and Sorrow. Roger 
Judd was here about noon, and said, that when some in 
the next room spake about who should Watch, my dear 
Mother answer'd. She should need no Watchers, she should 
be above at Rest. 

June 24. About Seven aclock, my dear Mother is en- 
tombed. Bearers, Mr. Danforth, Russell, Cooke, Elisha 
Hutchinson, Addington, Sergeant. 

July 7. Gov^ Bradstreet is seised again with his old pains. 

July 15. I discourse Capt. Sam! Checkly about his 
taking Sam. to be his Prentice. He seems to incline to 
it ; and in a maiier all I mention it to encourage me. The 
good Lord direct and prosper. 

July 12, 1695. Kept a Day of Prayer in secret Re- 
specting my dear Mother's death ; and Sam's being to be 
placed out, &c. 

July 21. Madam Symonds of Ipswich dies. 

July 23. Council at Charlestown : Was at Watertown 
this day Sennight. 

July 2G, 1605. Poor little Mary falls down into the 
Cellar of Matthias Smith's house, and cuts her head against 
the Stones, making a large orifice of more than two inches 
long; 'twas about 6 post meridiem. The Lord sanctify to 
me this bloody Accident. 

Jul}^ 30, 1695. Mr. Cook and I ride to Cambridge, 
there with Mr. Justice Danforth to hold the Court. 

Judith Shepard of Charlestown is Tried for her Life for 
firing the house of Mr. Richard Foster ; clear'd by the 
Jury ; but bound in a Bond of an hundred pounds to 
answer for other Crimes at the next Superiour Court and 
to be of the <i:ood Behaviour. Trial held so louii: that 'twas 
nine aclock ere we got out of the Meetinghouse ; and then 
diU'l^: and like to rain, so lodc»:'d at Mr. Daufortli's. 



410 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1G95. 

July 31. Issued the Court. Came home by Charles- 
town. Went to the Meeting at Capt. Alden's and invited 
the Meeting hether this day fortnight. 

July 30. Jane sails for Newbury in Benajah Titcomb's 
Sloop, loosed from the wharf past ten the night before. 

Augt. 6, 1695. Mr. Obinson's wife comes to me and 
complains of her Husband's ill usage of her ; kick'd her 
out of bed last night ; lets her have nothing but water to 
drink, won't let her have Cloths or victuals. This was 2 
post meridiem. 

Fifth-day, Augt. 8, 1695. About 9. M. little Sarah has 
a Convulsion Fit ; I and Mr. Torrey were sent for to see 
it. It lasted not long. When all quiet, Mr. Torrey went 
to Prayer. A little after Lecture, Sarah has another sore 
Fit. My wife and I take her to bed with us. 

Augt. 8, 1695. About six in the Morn. Sarah has an- 
other sore Fit in her Mother's arms presently after she 
was brought down. 

Third-day, Augt. 13, 1695. We have a Fast kept in 
our new Chamber. Mr. Willard begins with Prayer, and 
preaches from 2 Chron. 34. 27. Mr. Allen prays. P.M. 
Mr. Bayly begins with prayer, preaches from Luke 1. 50, 
and then concludes with prayer. Sung the 27 Ps. 7-10. 
I set Windsor Tune and burst so into Tears that I could 
scarce continue singing. Mr. Thornton was here, but 
went away w^hen Mr. Allen was at Prayer. Mr. Cook, and 
Mr. Addington here, Mr. Sergeant was diverted. Note. 
Had better have invited all the Council in Town, at least. 
I apointed this day to ask God's Blessing after the death 
of my dear Mother, and in particular to bless Sam. w^ith a 
Master and Calling and bless us in our new house. The 
Lord pardon and doe for us beyond our hopes, contrary 
to our Deserts. 

Augt. 17, 1695. The Court is Adjourned to the 20".' of 
November. A Duel was fought this day upon the Com- 
mon between Peggy and one Capt. Cole ; Lieut. Govern* 



1G95.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 411 

onr has spoken to Mr. Cook to bind them over to the 
Sessions. 

Augt. 25. Rob* WilHams the Bell-Ringer, Publisher 
[Crier] and Grave-digger died this morn. He was sud- 
denly stricken the fifth-day before, just after his ringing 
the five-a-clock Bell ; fell down as essayed to go up his 
own stairs, and I think so continued speechless till death, 
Mr. Baily took notice of the Suddeiiess of it in his prayer. 
The Flag is out almost all day at the Castle for Pincarton, 
comes in in the even, brings word that the Lord Bellamont 
is coming over our Governour in the Unity Frigat ; [New] 
Hampshire to be afiexed. Mr. Ives's Son is come over, 
and several other Passengers. 

Third day, Augt. 27, 1695. Went to Dorchester Lec- 
ture. Lieut. Governour came to Boston, whom met on 
the road, yet went on ; in his Pue sat Mr. Alford, Mrs. 
Hutchinson Elisha, Mrs. Foster, Mrs. Nelson, Mrs. Dan- 
forth and I. Went to Mrs. Flints, whether came Mr. 
Weld, Mr. Thacher, Mr. Walter, Mr. Denison, with whom 
sat down to diner. Several young Gentlewomen sat down 
afterward. 

Mr. Danforth's Text was Ps. 111. 7. All his Coinand- 
ments are Sure. That was, their Doctrine ; sliew'd that not 
an iota could fail, but all the Threatenings and Promises 
firm and binding ; therefore ought with aw to keep God's 
Law. 

Augt. 27, 1695. In the morn I had Joseph to Mrs. 
Kay's to School at Mr. Trott's house. 

Sept. 2, 1G95. Artillery Training. Dine at George 
Monk's, invited by Col. Paige ; Mr. Moodey and Mr. 
Chiever there, Addington, Foster. 

This day Mr. George Babcock, Ship-Carpenter, fnlls 
from a Ship he was helping to build at Charlestown, breaks 
his Neck and three of 's Ribs, of which he dies. His Brother 
dyed in the Spring at Milton, by a like fall ; which renders 
it very awfull. George Babcock married Ruth Ruggles 
Nov. 10, 1691. 



412 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1695. 

Sept. 4, 1695. W^ Longfellow brings Jane down from 
Newbury. This day there is a Fast at Cous. Duiners ; 
Mr. Allen preaches in the morn, Mr. Cotton Mather in 
the Afternoon. Mr. Bayly began with Prayer. Mr. Rus- 
sel began in the Afternoon, Mr. Moodey concluded. Two 
last Staves of the 146. Ps. Sung. 

Second day, September 9, 1695. Set out for Bristow, 
with Mr. Danforth and Mr. Cook. Baited at Neponset, 
din'd at Billenges, where were also Mr. Newton and Mr. 
Cary ; went to Woodcock's, refresh'd there, so to Reho- 
both; lodgd at the Bear, Sheriff was there to meet us; 
Major Generall also lodged there in his way home from 
New-London. 

Third-day, Sept. 10. To Bristow by the Bridge. Had 
two Actions concerning Land. Sup at Mr. Saffin's. I 
lodgd at Mr. Wilkins's. Major Church is sick, I visit him ; 
came with Mr. Danforth to Taunton, there din'd ; from 
thence to Bridgewater, visited Mr. Keith. Lodg'd at our 
Landlord Hayward's, who, by Mr. Danforth's procurement, 
pray'd with us very well in the evening. Mr. Cook was 
sick and scarce slept all night. 

In the morn, Sept. 12, set out about Sunrise ; din'd at 
Mr. Pain's at Braintrey, got home a little after one of the 
Clock, and find all well, blessed be God. 

Sept. 17, 1695. Gov^ Bradstreet has the remainder of 
his Goods put on board Mr. Graf ten ; The house being 
empty, I prevail with him and his Lady to walk to our 
house, and wish us joy of it. They sat there near an hour 
with Mrs. Corwin and Wharton. Gov^ Bradstreet drank 
a glass or two of wine, eat some fruit, took a pipe of Ta- 
bacco in the new Hall,^ and wish'd me joy of the house, 
and desired our prayers ; came to us over the little Stone- 
bridge ; went away between 12. and 1. in Madam Rich- 

^ Apropos of the new hall, we may mention that Sewall elsewhere writes 
that he was married " in what we call the Old Hall; it was then all in one, 
a very large room." — Eds. 



1695.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 413 

ards's new Coach and horses. About three, the Lieut. 
Governour, Mr. Secretary, Sergeant and Sewall waited on 
them at Madam Richards's, to take leave ; in the way the 
Letter met us giving an account of ten men shot at Pema- 
quid, out of 24. going to get wood : four of whom are 
dead. Hugh March, George's Son, was killed at the first 
shot. This was Monday was Sefiight. This day, Sept. 17, 
was a great Training at Boston : many Gentlemen and 
Gentlewomen dine in Tents on the Common. Colonel 
had a Standard : Great firings most of the day. I should 
have remembered that Gov^ Bradstreet this day sent the 
Halberts, Copies of the Records, and a Loadstone belong- 
ing to the Publick, to the Secretary, who caus'd them to 
be lodg'd at present in the Town-house Chamber ; where 
I saw them when went to write Letters to Capt. March. 

Sept. 18. Gov*^ Bradstreet sets sail for Salem about Six 
aclock in the morning. 

This day Mr. Torrey and his wife, Mr. Willard and his 
wife, and Cous. Quinsey dine with us ; 'tis the first time 
has been at our house with his new wife ; was much pleas'd 
with our painted shutters ; in pleasancy said he thought 
he had been got into Paradise. This day, Sept. 18, Mr. 
Cook enters the Lists with Col. Paige, and sues for Capt. 
Keyn's Farm again. Gov^ Bradstreet arriv'd at Salem 
about 3 P.M. 

Sixth-day, Sept. 20. Mr. Borland's Briganteen arrives, 
6 weeks from Falmouth, in whom comes Mr. Edward 
Brattle, Mr. Governeur, &c. The Lord Bellamont is made 
our Governour. Hardly will come over before the Spring. 
Coufederats have had success against Namur, Cassal, &c. 
Venetians have gained a great Victory over the Turks in 
the Morea. 

Oct. 11, 1G95. I received a Letter from Cous. Storke 
ffiviuo: an account of tlie death of mv dear Unkle, Mr. 
Eichard Duiner. Meeting at Mr. Serjeants. 

Oct. 12. Jn" Cunable finishes the Stairs out of the 



414 DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1695. 

wooden house to the top of the Brick house. Little Mary 
grows a little better after very sore illness. 

Oct. 7*^ Jn" Brown's family, of Turkey hill, are led 
captive. All are brought back save one boy that was 
kill'd ; knock' d the rest on the head, save an infant. 

Oct. 14, 1695. I visit Mrs. Saunderson and pray God 
to grant her Mercy and Grace to help in time of need. 
Oct. 15. She dies. Oct. 17. Buried, so that house is 
emptied of its ancient Inhabitants. Sewall, Duiner, Frary, 
Butler, Hill, Maryon, bearers. Lord teach me to abide in, 
and to go out of the world. Mr. Moodey at the Funeral. 

Seventh day, Oct. 19, 1695. Pray'd for God's Favour 
towards Sam. That might duely wait on Christ at his 
Table to morrow &c., with fasting. 

Oct. 23, 1695. My dear Mother visits us; rides behind 
Joseph Gerrish from Rowley this day. 

Oct. 26. Mr. Banistar watches, and calls me about 
break of day to see the Comet, which seems to point from 
East to West. 

Copy of a Letter to Capt. Frary, Dec. 12, '95. 

Sir, These are to entreat you by all means, to have No more to 
doe with this Oath, at least by any written Explication ; it will doe 
you no good one way, and will do you hurt the other. Hose 14. 8. 
I am heartily sorry for the advantage that is against you, and truly 
desirous of your freedom ; which makes me the more bold in thus 
writing. I jircsume you have Mr. Willard's advice, as to the projier- 
est method whereby to disentangle your self. Heartily ])raying God 
to preserve you and me to his heavenly Kingdom, where together 
we may tryumph over all our sins and enemies, I take leave, who am, 
Dear Sir, 

Your obliged friend, 

See Febr. 4, Of. S. S. 

Whereas there is lately printed and published a Pamphlet in Quarto, 
containing Two hundred and Sixty pages, entituled. Truth held forth 
and maintained <jcc. hy Thomas Maule. Printed in the year 1695.^ 

' Thomas Maule, whom Hawthorne has turned to a weird use in liis 
romance of the " House of Seven Gables," had made himself obnoxious to 



1695.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 415 

Which is stuff'd with many notorious and pernicious Lies and Scan- 
dals, not only against particular and privat persons, but also against 
the Government, Churches, and Ministry ; And against those Worthies 
who first followed Christ into these uttermost ends of the Earth ; Ag 
if they had therein loosed themselves from His Yoke, and shaken ofl 
his Burden : As also many corrupt Expressions in point of Doctrine, 
perverting the Scriptures, and subverting the True Christian Eeligion. 

The Representatives of this His Majesties Province humbly pray, 
that the Premises maybe enquired into, and some suitable Testimony 
born against the author and his Evil Work. 

Dec. 14V.' 1695. Read and Voted in the house of Representatives, 
and pass'd in the affirmative, and sent up to the honorable Lieut. 
Governour and Council for a Concurrence. 

Nehemiah Jewett, 

Speaker. 
Vera Copia S. S. 

Adjourned to the 26^!* of February. 

The Lieut. Governour, before the Adjournment, sent for 
the Deputies in, and told them He could not pass the Bill 
for the Tax, without His Majesty was made the Grantee; 
and could not pass an Act to conform the precept to that 
against Non-Residents; and gave them this time to con- 

the authorities by protesting against the severities practised towards the 
Qualiers. lie came to tliis country when he was twelve years old, having 
been born in England in 1045, and was a trader in Salem. Previous to the 
proceedings referred to by Sewall, Maule had been sentenced by tlie County 
Court to be whipped ten stripes for saying that Mr. Iligginson, the minister, 
"preached lies, and that his instruction was the doctrine of devils." The 
man with whom he then lodged was fined for entertaining him. He says in 
his book that he had been five times imprisoned, thrice distrained of his 
goods, and thrice wliipped. 

In 1091 he published the book, printed in Xew York, to which Sewall 
refers, and for which he was indicted and arraigned before the Superior 
Court, at Salem, Nov. 9, 1690. The judges wore Danforth, Cooke, and 
Sewall. Anthony Checkley was Attorney-General. As will be seen farther 
on, Dr. Benjamin Bullivant, whom Dudley had made an attorney, acted as 
]\laule's legal adviser. ]\Iaule proved himself a keen pleader on his own 
belialf, and the jury brought in a verdict of "not guilty." He after- 
wards put forth another publication, "Persecutors Mauled witli tlicir own 
"Weapons." He died in \1'2\. A very full sketch of the autlun- and of his 
experiences is given by Mr. A. C. Goodell, in " Collections of Essex Insti- 
tute," Yob III. — Eus. 



416 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1695. 

sider of it. Capt. Bond went home from Court very sick, 
and then Mr. Jewett was chosen Speaker in his room. 

Sabbath, December 15. Capt. Bond dies — 18*^^1' is 
buried. 

Dec. 19. Thomas Maule, Shopkeeper of Salem, is 
brought before the Council to answere for his printing 
and publishing a pamphlet quarto, 260. pages, entituled 
Truth held forth and maintained, owns the book, but will 
not own all till sees his Copy which is at N. York with 

Bradford who printed it. Saith he writt to the 

Governour of New York before he could get it printed. 
Book is order'd to be burnt, being stuff'd with notorious 
Lyes and Scandals, and he Recognises to answer at next 
Court of Assize and General Goal Delivery to be held for 
the County of Essex. He acknowledg'd that what was 
written concerning the circumstance of Major General 
Athertons death, was a mistake: p. 112, 113. was chiefly 
insisted on against him ; which believe was a surprize to 
him, he expecting to be examined in some point of Re- 
ligion, as should seem by his bringing his Bible under his 
Arm. 

I was with Dame Walker, and Sam. came to call me to 
take T. Maule's Recognisance ; I told her Sam. was there : 
she pray'd God to bless him, and to bless all my posterity. 

Dec. 20. Dame Walker is very restless ; said she was 
past all food now, had quite lost her Appetite. Said, wliy 
does living man complain, man for the punishment of liis 
Sin ? Justified God, and pray'd Him to help her, and 
enable her to bear what He laid on her ; spoke how hard 
twas to comply with that Text, Thy will be done ; wo 
would fain have our own Wills ; but God could of un- 
willing make us willing. Last night she pray'd that God 
would take her to Himself. When I took leave this morn, 
she Thank'd me for all my Visits, and acknowledged the 
kindness of me and my family. After I was gon, in the 
Afternoon, Dec. 20. Mehetabel sais she heard her Grand- 



1695.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 417 

mother say, How long Lord, how long ? Come Lord 
Jesus ! Mehetabel asked what she said to her, she replj'd, 
How good is God. 

Seventh day, Dec. 21. Between 8. and 9. I went to 
see Dame Walker, and found her very weak and much 
alter'd. Mehetabel told her 1 was there, she said with a 
low voice, I thank him. Afterward Mehetabel ask'd her 
if should pray, she said, I stand in need. Twas the last 
day of the Week, and so I went to prayer, insisting on 
God's being a present help in time of need, and pray'd 
that God would strenf)i:then her Faith, that so she mig-ht 
enter into his Rest. I ask'd her if she heard, her Answer 
Avas, I thank God, I did. I went home to Prayer, Intend- 
ing after that to go to Mr. Willard to pray him to give 
her one Lift more heaven-ward. But before I could get 
away, a Girl came ruiiing to call me. And by that time 
I could get thether, the Good woman had expired, or was 
just expiring, being about Ten of the clock in the morn- 
ing. God fulfilled his good Word in her and kept her 
Leaf from withering. 

She had an odd Conceipt all the last night of her life, 
that she was in Travail : and thouo:h she ceas'd g-roanino: 
and gave attention to me when at prayer ; yet one of the 
last words I heard her say, was. My child is dead within 
me ; which were indeed some of the very last. 

Second-day, Dec. 23, 1695. Dame Walker is buried. 
Bearers, Mr. Ezek. Chiever, Capt. Theophilus Frary, 
Capt. James Hill, William Daws pater, Jn" Marj'on jjciter, 
Deacon Joseph Bridgham, beside a 2'^ set of Bearers ; 
Odlin, Wheeler, Butcher, Ju" Maryon //.', Joseph Brisco. 
Major General Wiutln^op, Mr. Cook, Mr. Sergeant, Mr. 
Addiugton, Sewall were there, of the Council ; Mr. Wil- 
lard, Mr. Allen, Mr. Oakes, Physician, &c. Women, Mrs. 
Sergeant, Mrs. Willard, Mrs. Noyes, Mrs. Williams, Mrs. 
Pierson, my Daughters, cum rinilfis cd'ijs ; very comfort- 
able Wether over head, somthing dirty under foot. Note. 

27 



418 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [169f. 

After Sam. came home, he was exceedingly affected, shed 
many Tears, and is even overwhelmed with Sorrow : The 
Lord grant that the removal of one of his best friends may 
put him upon seeking unto God betimes and making Him 
his Hiding Place. Was buried just about Sun-set. 

Secund day, Jan. 6*!* 169 1. Kept a Day of Fasting with 
Prayer for the Conversion of my Son, and his settlement 
in a Trade that might be good for Soul and body. Uxor 
prcegnans est. Governour's expected Arrival, which will 
bring great changes. Suply for the South-Church. Three 
Courts sit to morrow. Lord's Supper the next Sabbath- 
day. Mr. Moodey's Entanglements, Watertown. Church 
of England. New England. My Hair. Read Epistles 
to Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews. Sung the 143, 
51, and 130. Psalms. I had hope that seeing God par- 
don'd all Israel's Iniquities, He would pardon mine, as 
being part of Israel. 

Seventh-day, Jan. 4*'.'. The Revd. Mr. Edward Bulkly, 
of Concord, dies at Chelmsford in a good old Age ; is bur- 
ied at Concord. 

Jan. 7*:^. Deacon Henry Allen dies. Col. Gedney's 
wife is dead within this week. 

Jan. 8^;V. Unkle Quinsey lodg'd here last night, having 
received a Letter from Mr. Gookin to desire him, agrees 
to bind Daniel Gookin to Cous. Dumer for 8 years from 
the 10"? of March next. Not beino; able to stav, desires 
me to see it effected. Bulkly and Edmund Quinsey dine 
with us. 

Jan. 11. 169 1. I write a Letter to Mr. Zech. Walker 
acquainting him with his Mother's death and Funeral ; 
that some Recompence ought to be made to Melietabel 
and Mary for their faithfull and Laborious Attendance on 
their Grandmother.^ Altho' I reckon my self abundantly 

^ Savage records this Mrs. Walker as the widow of the Robert Walker 
already mentioned, p. 47, ante. The son Zechariah was minister at Strat- 
ford, Conn. — Eds. 



169f.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 419 

satisfied for any little Service I did or could doe for our 
dear friend, by her desireable Company and harty Thanks ; 
yet I earnestly desire your. Prayers, that my aged Father 
and Mother may live and die with such like Faith and 
frame of Spirit as this our Sarah did. I delivered this 
Letter to be given to the Post on Second day morning, 
Jan. 13, 169|. 

About 10. aclock Jan. 13, 169|. Cous. Duiner came to 
invite me to goe along with him to Cambridge to visit Mr. 
Danforth. About Noon we set out, and at Mr. Danforth's 
Gate, meet with Mr. N. Hobart and Trowbridge ; Mr. 
Danforth made us dine there ; then after awhile, Mr. Ho- 
bart was called in to Pray, which he did excellently, Mr. 
Morton being by, who came with us from the Colledge. 
Note. When were there at first, Mr. Danforth bad me 
look on the Cup-board's head for a book ; I told him I 
saw there a Law-book, Wingate on the Common Law. 
He said he would lend it me, I should speak to Amsden to 
call for it ; and if he died, he would give it me. Again 
when took leave after prayer. He said he lent me that 
Book not to wrap ujd but to read, and if misliked it, should 
tell him of it. By that time Cous. and I could get to the 
Ferry twas quite dark. Capt. Hunting told us the River 
was full of Ice and no getting over. But I went to Sheaf 
and he hallowed over Jn" Russell again. Boat came to 
Ballard's AVharf below the lodg'd Ice, from whence had a 
very comfortable Passage over with Madam Foxcroft. 

When I came in, past 7. at night, my wnfe met me in 
the Entry and told me Betty had surprised them. I was 
surprised with the abruptness of the Relation. It seems 
Betty Sewall had given some signs of dejection and sor- 
row ; but a little after diner she burst out into an amaz- 
ing cry, which caus'd all the family to cry too; Her 
Mother ask'd the reason ; she gave none ; at last said she 
was afraid she should goe to Hell, her Sins were not par- 
don'd. She was first wounded by my reading a Sermon 



420 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [169f. 

of Mr. Norton's, about the 5*.^ of Jan. Text Jn° 7. 34. 
Ye shall seek me and shall not find me. And those words 
m the Sermon, Jn° 8. 21. Ye shall seek me and shall die 
in your sins, ran in her mind, and terrified her greatly. 
And staying at home Jan. 12. she read out of Mr. ('otton 
Mather — Why hath Satan filled thy heart, which in- 
creas'd her Fear. Her Mother ask'd her whether she 
pray'd. She answer'd. Yes; but feared her prayers were 
not heard because her Sins not pardon'd. Mr. Willard 
though sent for timelyer, yet not being told of the mes- 
sage, till bruised Dinsdals [?] was given him ; He came not 
till after I came home. He discoursed with Betty who could 
not give a distinct account, but was confused as his phrase 
w\as, and as had experienced in himself. Mr. Willard 
pray'd excellently. The Lord bring Light and Comfort 
out of this dark and dreadful Cloud, and Grant that 
Christ's being formed in my dear child, may be the issue 
of these painfull pangs. 

Feb. 1. 169 1. Sam. Haugh came to speak about Frank's 
burial : I sent Atherton away before and spake to Sam as 
to his Mistress' Maid beinsx with child, and that she Laid 
it to him, and told him if she were with child by him, it 
concerned him seriously to consider what were best to be 
done ; and that a Father was obliged to look after Mother 
and child. Christ would one day call him to an account 
and demand of him what was become of the child : and 
if [he] married not the woman, he would always keep at 
a distance from those whoso temporal and spiritual good 
he was bound to promote to the uttermost of his power. 
Coidd not discern that any impression was made on him. 
I remark'd to him the unsuitableness of his frame under a 
business of so great and solemn Concern. 

Third-Day. Feb. 4. Mr. Willard, Major Walley, Capt. 
Frary and Seth Perry ^a^er, met here about the difference 
between said Frary and Perry. Caj)t. Frary seems now 
again to justifie his Oath, and what he did before was out 



169f.] DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 421 

of Surprize. Major Walley desired Mr. Eliot and Hoiyoke 
to meet on Lecture day, Feb. 6. which they did, and sent 
for Mr. Perry. This day Sennight is assigned him to 
bring in his account. 

Sixth-day, Feb. 7*.?. Mrs. Alden is buried. Bearers 
were Mr. Chiever, Capt. Hill, Capt. Williams, Mr. Walley, 
Mr. Ballentine. 

Capt. Frary was pass'd by, though there, which several 
took notice of. Note. Last night Sam. could not sleep 
because of my Brother's speaking to him of removing to 
some other place, mentioning Mr. Usher's. I put him to 
get up a little wood, and he even fainted, at which Brother 
"vvas much startled, and ad vis' d to remove him forthwith 
and place him somewhere else, or send him to Salem and 
he would doe the best he could for him. Since, I have 
express'd doubtfullness to Sam. as to his staying there. 

He mention'd to me Mr. Wadsworth's Sermon against 
Idleness, which was an Affliction to him. He said his was 
an idle Calling, and that he did more at home than there, 
take one day with another. And he mention'd Mr. Stod- 
dard's words to me, that should place him with a good 
Master, and w^here had fullness of Imployment. It seems 
Sam. overheard him, and now alleged these words against 
his being where he was because of his idleness. Mention'd 
also the difficulty of the imployment by reason of the 
numerousness of Goods and hard to distinguish them, 
many not being marked ; whereas Books, the price of 
them was set down, and so could sell them readily. I 
spake to Capt. Checkly again and again, and he gave me 
no encouragement that his being there would be to Sam's 
profit ; and Mrs. Checkly always discouraging. 

Mr. Willard's Sermon from those Words, What doest 
thou here Elijah ? was an Occasion to hasten the Re- 
moval. 

Feb. 10. Secund-day. I went to Mr. Willard to ask 
whether had best keep hiri at home to day. He said, 



422 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [169f. 

No : but tell Capt. Checkly first ; but when I came back, 
Sam was weeping and much discompos'd, and loth to goe 
because it was a little later than usual, so I thought twas 
hardly fit for him to go in that Case, and went to Capt. 
Checkly and told him how it was, and thank'd him for his 
kindness to Sam. Capt. Checkly desired Sam. might come 
to their house and not be strange there, for which I 
thank'd him very kindly. He presented his Service to 
my wife, and I to his who was in her Chamber. Capt. 
Checkly gave me Sam's Copy-book that lay in a drawer. 

Just before I got thether, I met Mr. Grafford who told 
me that Mumford said I was a knave. The good Lord 
give me Truth in the inward parts, and finally give Rest 
unto my dear Son, and put him into some Calling wherein 
He will accept of him to Serve Him. 

Feb. 12. 169 1 . I rode to Brooklin with one Ems, a 
Carpenter, to view the widow Bairsto's house, in order to 
repairing or adding to it. From thence to G. Bairsto's 
agon, to Devotions, to treat with him about a piece of 
ground to sell it me and issue the Controversy about a 
way. From thence to Cambridge, to Mr. Wadsworth's 
Chamber, where found Gov^ Usher, Mr. Secretary, &c. 
with them came home, got to Mr. Allen's by 4. P. M. 
Supp'd. Sung two Staves of the 132'! Ps. begin at the 
13t'.' verse. Went to the Meeting at Mrs. Noyes's. 

Sabbath, Feb. 16. 169 1. jNlr. Enunerson jireaches twice 
in the new Meetinghouse at Watertown, which is the first 
time. Capt. Checkly's Son Samuel is baptized with us. 
I was very sorrowfull by reason of the unsettledness o£ 
my Sauiuel. 

Feb. 22. 169 1. Betty comes into me almost as soon as 
I was up and tells me the disquiet she had when waked ; 
told me was afraid should go to Hell, was like Spira, not 
Elected. Ask'd her what I should pray for, she said, that 
God would pardon her Sin and give her a new heart. I 
answer'd her Fears as well m 1 could, and pray'd with 



1696.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 423 

many Tears on either part ; hope God heard us. I gave 
her solemnly to God. 

Feb. 26. 169|. I pray'd with Sam. alone, that God 
would direct our way as to a Calling for him. 

It seems John Cornish essay'd yesterday to goe to carry 
Cloth to the fulling-mill, and perished in the Storm ; this 
day was brought frozen to Town, a very sad spectacle. 

By reason of the vehemency of the Storm yesterday, 
but ten Deputies assemble, so that the Lieut. Governour 
questions whether the Court be not fallen, because 40. 
Constitute a House. 

Fifth-day, 27'.^ 32 Deputies apear. 

Sixth-day. Have fourty or upward. Chuse Major 
Townsend Speaker. Lieut-Governour was much disturb'd 
as fearing the Court could not legally be held, because 
was not that appearance the first and second day as the 
Law prcescribes. 

Sabbath, Apr. 12, 1696. About 8 m. it begins to snow; 
by noon the houses and ground were covered, and at 5 
P.M. I saw an Isicle seven inches long. This new Snow 
was plentifully to be seen on the Ground for about three 
days space. 

Fifth-day, Apr. 23, 1696. News is brought of several 
of our men killed at Tartooda [Tortuga], and Six Vessels 
Taken. 

Mr. Daniel Oliver marries Mrs. Elisabeth Belchar. 

Apr. 24. Lydia Moodey visits me, and tells me that 
Mr. Phillips of Rowley dyed the last Wednesday, the same 
morn we read — The prophets do they live for ever ? in 
Zech. 1. The Lord help me to redeem the time. 

Sabbath, May 3, 1696. Betty can hardly read her 
chapter for weeping ; tells me she is afraid she is gou back, 
does not taste that sweetness in reading the Word which 
once she did ; fears that what was once upon her is worn 
off. I said what I could to her, and in the evening pray'd 
with her alone. 



424 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1696, 

Fifth-day, May 7, 1696. Col. Shrimpton marries his 
Son to his wive's Sisters daughter, EHsabeth Richardson.' 
All of the Council in Town were invited to the Wedding, 
and many others. Only I was not spoken to. As I was 
glad not to be there because the lawf uUness of the inter- 
marrying of Cousin-Germans is doubted; so it grieves me 
to be taken up in the Lips of Talkers, and to be in such 
a Condition that Col. Shrimpton shall be under a tempta- 
tion in defence of Himself, to wound me ; if any should 
hapen to say. Why was not such a one here ? The Lord 
help me not to do, or neglect any thing that should pre- 
vent the dwelling of brethren together in unity. And, 
Oh most bountifull and Gracious God, who givest liberally 
and upbraidest not, admit me humbly to bespeak an Livi- 
tation to the Marriage of the Lamb, and let thy Grace 
with me and in me be sufficient for me in making my self 
Ready. And out of thy Infinite and Unaccountable Com^- 
passions, place me among those who shall not be left ; but 
shall be accepted by Thee here, and Taken into Glory 
hereafter. Though I am beyond Conception Vile, who 
may say unto Thee, What doest thou ? Thou canst justify 
thy self in thy proceedings. And 0, Lord God forgive all 
my unsuitable deportment at thy Table the last Sabbath- 
Day, that Wedding Day; and if ever I be again invited 
(Invite me once again) help me entirely to give my self to 
thy Son as to my most endeared Lord and Husband. And 
let my dear Wife and all my children, partake in this priv- 
iledge, and that not as Umbras, but on their own account. 

May 11"^ 1696. Joseph falls down and breaks his for- 
head so as bleeds pretty much. 

May IV}} 1696. Town-Meeting to chuse Assembly-men, 

1 IMuch interesting information about the Shrimptons and their connec- 
tions is given in General Sumner's History of East Boston. It may be 
noticed that Mrs. Shrimpton married, thirdly, Simeon Stoddard; and her 
niece, wife of Samuel Shrimpton, Jr., married, secondly, David Stoddard, 
son of Simeon: thus- in two families successively maintaining the same rela- 
tionship to each other. — Eds. 



1696.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 425 

134. there ; Mr. Eyre had 88. Major Townsend 85. Capt. 
Bjfield 82. Mr. Oliver 74. Mr. Tho. Brattle had 67. 
Left out Mr. Bromfield, Thornton, Frarj. 

May 12, 1696. Cous. Dumer, Mr. Eyre, Bromfield, 
went with me to Mr. Increase Mather and acknowledged 
that his Preaching the Lecture once or twice was very 
pleasing to us, and that we were thankf ull for it, and de- 
sired more ; that He would please to preach in course, as 
being as diffusive a way of doing good, as any in our 
Little Israel. He treated us with Respect and some En- 
couragement, I hope. 

Fourth-day, May 13, 1696. Mr. Willard, Capt. Wyllys, 
Capt. Frary, and Mr. Sheaf met at my house about the 
difference between said Frary and Mr. Perry ; Wyllys, 
Sheaf and I told him plainly that it had been well the 
matter had been issued by their mutual Confession to 
each other at their privat Meeting, as was once intended. 
He persisted and said he knew certainly that what he had 
sworn was true ; I told him the less was said of that na- 
ture, the better twould be, it was so long agoe ; and if Mr. 
Eliot was possess'd, Mrs. Eliot his Mother must be his 
Tenant ; whereas the father's Will made him her Servant, 
and nature too, he being under age ; and the Scripture 
saith the Heir under ao-e differs little from a Servant.^ 

o 

^ We have not been able to explain this matter satisfactorily, but we sur- 
mise that it related in some way to lauds. Theophilus Frary married the 
sister of Captaiu Jacob Eliot; and the widow and children of the latter were 
then alive. Eliot died intestate, but the children divided the lands by agree- 
ment, iu Suff. AVills, lib. 14, f. 39G. Frary was guardian of the youngest 
son, Benjamin. Aug. 27, 1696 (Suff. Deeds, lib. 17, f. 319) Joseph Eliot, 
as oldest sou of Jacob Eliot, deceased, released to Seth Perry all his interest 
in said Perry's messuage lyiug at the soutlierly end of the town between lauds 
of Captaiu Ephraim Savage and of Samuel Veazy. 

These lauds were all on the south side of Boylston Street, between Wash- 
ington and Tremont Streets. We liave found no deed of any earlier Eliot to 
Perry or Veazy, and we presume that tliese lots, wliicli were clearly part of 
the original Eliot lot, had been sold witliout a deed recorded. Hence we 
suspect at this time tliere was some question about title, and finally a re- 
lease from the oldest heir, Joseph Eliot. — Eos. 



426 DIAKY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1696. 

May 18. By reason of the Major Generall's illness, I 
am forced to go to Ipswich Court ; and being to go, my 
wife desir'd me to go on to Newbury ; I went with Brother 
on Wednesday night. Visited Father, Mother, Friends, 
return'd to Salem, got thether about Nine. Supp'd well 
with the Fish bought out of Wenham Pond. Between 
eleven and noon, Tho. Messenger comes in, and brings me 
the amazing news of my Wive's hard Time and my Son's 
being Still-born. We get up our Horses from the Ship, 
and set out by Starhght about 12, yet the Bells rung for 
five before we got over the Ferry. Found my wife as 
well as usually ; but I was grievously stung to find a sweet 
desirable Son dead, who had none of my help to succour 
him and save his Life. The Lord pardon all my Sin, and 
Wandering and Neglect, and sanctify to me this singular 
Affliction. These Tears I weep over my abortive Son. 

Causa parata mihi est, et vitce, et mortis^ ibidem / 

In tredecim, Solus denegor, ireforas^ 
sanet 
Sjyes tamen hcec maneat, sthnidante dolore, parentes. 

Ad memet Jesus introijsse potest. 

Fourth day, May 27, 1696. Election. Eainy day, 
which wet the Troops that waited on the Lieut. Govern- 
our to Town. Mr. Cotton Mather preaches. Powring 
out Water at Mispeh, the Text. 

Votes. — Stoughton 60 — Danforth 65 — Pynchon 61 

— Russel 55 — Gedney 69 — Winthrop 58 — Hathorn 62 

— Hutchinson Elisha 79 — Sewall 70 — Addington 71 — 
Cook 72 — Brown 55 — PhiUips 58 — Corwin 46 — 
Shrimpton 57 — Foster 62 — Perce 53 — Sergeant 45. 
Major Pike had 32, so Col. Shrimpton comes in his 
room. 

Plimouth — Bradford 65 — Lothrop 67 — Thomas 66 — 
Thacher 41. 

Main[e] — E™ Hutchinson, Frost, Wheelwright, votes 
so unanimous that they were not parted. 



1696.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 427 

Sagadahoc — Joseph Lynde 41. Note. Mr. Tho. Brat- 
tle had 21. 

At Large. Vagum,' Walley, 39. Saffin 39. Note. 
Capt. John Apleton had 26. I have fallen 7 since last 
year; the Lord advance me in real worth, and his 
esteem. 

May 28. Our two old Nurses got my Wife on the Pal- 
lat-Bed, which much discomposed her, put her in great 
pain, and all in great fear. Grows better by morn. 

May 29. Sabbath, May 31, 1696. 

Mr. Willard is so faint with his Flux, that is not able to 
come abroad, and so there is a disapointment of the 
Lord's Super, which should otherwise have been cele- 
brated this day. Mr. Cotton Mather preaches, exhorts us 
to examine our selvs, whether we were prepared for 
that Ordinance. And said that Humiliation for the dis- 
apointm*, and mourning after Christ, God might make as 
profitable to us as the Ordinance. 

May 30. Post brings from New- York a confirmation of 
the News about the Plot,^ and a printed Proclamation for 
the Thanksgiving in England : It seems the Governour 
has a Packet. 

Second-day, June 1, 1696. Mr. Wigglesworth preaches 
the Artillery sermon, from Ephes. 6, 11. Put on the 
whole Armour of God, that ye may be able to stand 
against the wiles of the Devil. In the Aplications, said 
'twas necessary we should doe so by reason of the evil of 
the Times or else of Popery, or something as bad as 
Popery should come to be set up. What should we doe ? 
Mentioned Rev. 16, 15, said the Garments there and Ar- 
mour in the Text were the same. About Diner Time the 
Guns were fired at the Castle and Battery for joy that the 
Plot was discovered. 

1 This wf)rd " vaguin " evidently is used for " at large." Another exam- 
ple occurs on p. 407, ante. — Eds. 

* See ]Macaulay's History, Chapter XXI. — Eds. 



428 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1696. 

June 11, 1696. I strove with my might that in stead 
of Tuesday, Thursday, and Satterday in every Week, it 
might be said, Third, fifth and seventh day in every week : 
but could not prevail, hardly one in the Council would 
secund me, and many spake against it very earnestly ; 
although I asked not to have it chang'd in the Fairs. 
Some said twas the speech of the English Nation ; mend 
it in the Fasts ; mend it every where or no where, others 
said persons would scarce know what days were intended ; 
and in England would call us Quakers. I virg'd that the 
Week only, of all parcells of time, was of Divine Institution, 
erected by God as a monumental pillar for a memorial of 
the Creation perfected in so many distinct days. 

June 19. News is brought to Town of Cap* Berries 
being slain. 

June 20*.^ W- Yeisy is bound over for plowing on 
the day of Thanksgiving &c. News comes that the em- 
bargo is kept strictly in England. 

Legendum. 

At Edinburg OctT 27, 1695, in the Colledge, it being 
the Sabbath, and their Sacrament day, One Mr. John 
Moncrife, preaching on that Text, Jer. 3, 22, Return 
you backsliding children, and I will heal your back-slid- 
ings : Behold we come unto Thee for thou art the Lord our 
God, — Between the hours of 10 and 11, there came such a 
down-powring of the spirit of God on the whole Congre- 
gation (supposed to be 3 or 4000), that they all crjed 
out, not being able to contain themselves : So that the 
Minister could not be heard ; but was forced to give over 
preaching to the people ; and sung a Psalm to compose 
them. A person present adds, that he and 100. more 
never saw Heaven on Earth before, being like Peter on the 
Mount, or Jacob in Bethel, or Paul in a Rapture. For 
the Lord came down with the Shout of a King among 
them, so that they could have been content to have built 



1696.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 429 

Tabernacles there; which has dash'd the Jacobite party 
more than all the Kings forces could doe. 

From London by the ships that arrived July 12, 1696. 

July 12, 1696. By reason of fire on Mrs. Phillips stone 
house over against the Town house, the morn. Exercise 
was tumultuously interrupted, both at the old meeting- 
house and ours. 

The North [Church] who had no impression from this, 
were much disturbed by the Alarm from the Castle, which 
a man rashly told them of as were celebrating the Lds 
Super. About One the Drums beat throw the Town, all 
goe into Arms. Nantasket Beacon began. Had order it 
seems on the sight of 2 great ships to fire it, because of 
the 2 who lately took Capt. Paxton. In the Afternoon 
some went to Meeting ; ab! 30. men in all at ours. North 
met not till ab* 5 P.M. when our exercise was over ; went 
to the Townhouse and after a w^hile P [/'er] Mr. Whit- 
tingham rec'd the Packet which makes void many of our 
Laws ; viz. Courts, Colledge, Habeas Corpus, Forms of 
"Writts &c. and Confirms many others.^ 

July, 23. In the Evening were much startled by a 
Letter from GovF Usher, of many ships seen off and their 
Province in Arms upon it. Lt. Govf came in his Charet 
to my house, and sent for the Council. Maj^ Gen-, Mr. 
Cook, Mr. Secretary, Mr. Foster, Serjeant, MajT Walley 
came, Maj"" Townsend also sent for and came : After a 
while, the Captain of the Castle comes in, and informs us 



^ By the new Charter, all " orders, laws, statutes and ordinances " made 
by the General Court, were required to have the written consent of the Gov- 
ernor; they were tlien to be transmitted by the first opportunity for the royal 
approval. If rejected within the space of three years after they were pre- 
sented to the Privy Council, they became void; but a failure to reject within 
that time was equivalent to a confirmation. 

In preparing the admirable edition of the Province Laws, edited by 
Messrs. A. C. Goodell, Jr., and Ellis Ames, now in course of publication, 
recourse has been had to the recoi-ds of the English Government, and the 
history of the rejected acts is carefully given. — Eds. 



430 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1696. 

that twas the Mast-Fleet from Engl'd, so were comfortably 
dismiss'd between 9 and 10 of the Clock. 

July 26. We hear that Mr. Bullivant and Mr. Mylea 
[Rector of Kings Chapel] are come.^ 

27* At the Council the Lt. Govf reads the Letters 
that give notice from the Lords ^ of a French Squadron in- 
tending for America : they will afford us what Assistance 
they can under the present Circumstance of Affairs. 
Reads also Mr. Blathwayts Letter recorn ending the sub- 
scribing the Association ^ by all in publick place and Trust, 
with one drawn for that purpose. This day also receiv'd 
an Express from Col. Pynchon, of Count Frontenac's 
coming ag* the 5 Nations, or Albany, or N. E., or all, with 
2000 French and 1000 Indians : Casteen with 4 or 500 
to hold us in play the mean while. The wind coming 
North last night ships arrive at Nantasket this morn, Mr. 
Myles and Bullivant come to Town. 

July 26. Mr. Veisy preach'd at the Ch. of Engl'd ; 
had many Auditors.^ He was spoken to to preach for 



1 Dr. Benjamin Bullivant was one of Andres's partisans, and was im- 
prisoned at the Revolution. Hutchinson (Hist. ii. 113) records a story about 
him and Govei'nor Bellomont. Bullivant was in Northampton, Eng. , in 
1711, when he wrote a letter to John Dunton, published in Dunton's Lijtters 
(Prince Soc. Pub.), p. 94, 95. —Eds. 

2 Commissioners composing the Board of Trade and Plantations, which 
was revived by William III. in December, 1695. — Eds. 

8 After the Assassination Plot, " an Association abjuring the title of 
James, and pledging the subscribers to revenge the King's death . . . was 
generally signed by both Houses of Parliament, and throughout the king- 
dom." Hallam, Const. Hist.. Chap. XV. — Eds. 

* Savage records Rev. William Veazie, H. C. 1693, also A.M. at Oxford, 
as being an Episcopal minister at Xew York. He regards tliis William, and 
also John (H. C. 1700), hereinafter mentioned, as grandsons of William 
v., of Braintree. If so, they were sons either of Solomon or William, Jr., 
as the other son of W^illiam, Sen., was Captain Samuel, of Boston, who 
died s. p. Rev. William Veazie, born in Braintree, in 1674, after his gradu- 
ating at Harvard, studied theology with the Rev. Samuel Myles, Rector of 
King's Chapel. He was one of the first of the young men referred to by 
President iMather at the ordination of ]\Ir. Wadsworth, of the First Church, 
as noticed by Sewall on p. 432, following, " who had apostatised from New 



1696.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 431 

Mr. Willard; but am told this will procure him a dis- 
charge. 

Third day Augt 4. Pemaquid Fort is sumond by the 
French : the two ships which took the Newport Gaily, and 
said Gaily ; besides many hundreds by Land. 

Fourth day Aug* 5*.'* suinond them again, and for fear 
of their Guns, Bombs and numbers, Capt Chub surren- 
dred, and then they blew up the Fort. This News came 
to Town Aug* 10. Capt. Paxton brought it; just after 
publishing the Act^ referring to Navigation. Fourth-day 
Augt. 12, 1G96. Mr. Melyen, upon a slight occasion, 
spoke to me very smartly about the Salem Witchcraft : 
in discourse he said, if a man should take Beacon hill 
on 's back, carry it away; and then bring it and set 
it in its place again, he should not make any thing of 
that.2 

Seventh-day, Aug* 15*?^ Bro^ St. Sewall comes to Town; 
Gets an order to Col. Hathorne for erecting a Beacon on 
Pigeon hill on Cape-Anne, and for pressing 20. men at 
Marble-head. This day vessels arrive from Barbados, 
bring news of 10. great ships at Petit Quavers, of between 
60 and 90 Guns. Mr. Williams, the physician, and his wife 
are both dead. Mrs. Hatch and her children in Tears for 
the death of her husband, which was brought to her aljout 
an hour by Sun. We are in pain for Saco fort. Guns 
were heard thrice on fifth day all day long. One Peters 



England principles, contrary to the Light of their education," by conform- 
ing to tlie English Church. He went to England for orders in the spring of 
1<)!)7. lie became the first Rector of Trinity Church, Xew York : and. in 
1712, was appointed by the Bishop of London as his Commissary. His 
being '-spoken to to preach for Mr. Willard," before he had taken orders, 
was probably in compliment to his antecedents, while, by complying, he 
might have perilled his Episcopal standing. — Ens. 

1 Probably St. 7 and 8 William IIL Chap. 22. —Eds. 

2 Probably alluding to the case of the Rev. George Burroughs, whose 
"preternatural strength" came in as evidence against him on his trial and 
condemnation for witchcraft. — Eds. 



432 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1G96. 

and Hoyt scalp'd at Andover this week ; were not shot, 
but knock'd on the head. 

Aug* 24. Betty rides to Salem, to sojourn there awhile : 
Sam carries Joaiia Gerrish to Newbury. 

7"" 5* Little Mehetabel Fifield dies, being about 8 
weeks old. 

Sepf 7*.^ Jane sets sail for Newbury with little Sarah ; 
supose got thether the next day. 

Sept!" 8. Mr. Benj- Wadsworth is ordain'd pastor of 
the first Church. Mr. Allin gave the charge, Mr. T. Mather 
gave the Right Hand oi Fellowship : Spake notably of 
some young men who had apostatized from New Eng- 
land principles, contrary to the Light of their educa- 
tion : was glad that he [Mr. Wadsworth] was of another 
spirit. Mr. Willard was one who joined in laying on of 
hands. 

Septf 9. Purchase Capen had been guiiing, or shot a 
fowl by the by as was at work : charg'd his Gun wliich 
others knew not of, laid it down as was about to go home 
at night ; a Lad took it up in sport and held it out, it 
went off and killed the Owner. 

Septy 10. Mr. Walter preaches the Lecture, made 
a very good sermon. The fear of the Lord is to hate 
Evil. 

Letter. Mrs. Martha Oakes.^ Not finding oportunity to 
speak with you at your house, nor at my own, I write, to per- 
suade you to be sensible that your striking your daugliter- 
in-law before me, in my house, is not justifiable: though 
twas but a small blow, twas not a small fault : especially 



^ It may be presumed tliat this was ^Martha, wife of Dr. Thomas (Jakes, 
of Boston, brother of President Uriau Oakes, of Harvard. Savage mentions 
only the wife's Christian name, without giving her family name. Oakes 
had been agent to England, and possibly may have married there. Tlie 
letter seems to be addressed to some one not of Xew England birth, and 
possibly the term " daughter-in-law " may be used, as it often is, for " step- 
dau"hter." — Eds. 



1696.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 433 

considering your promise to refrain from speech it self ; 
or at least any that might give disturbance. As for New 
!^ngland, It is a cleaner Country than ever you were in be- 
fore, and, therefore, with disdain to term \i filthy, h a sort 
of Blasphemie, which, by proceeding out of yowr mouth, 
hath defiled you. I write not this to upbraid, but to ad- 
monish you, with whom I sympathize under your extraor- 
dinary provocations and pressures ; and pray God comand 
you freedom from them. S. S. 

T. 14. 1696. Went with Mr. Moodey, and visited Mrs. 
Collins, John Soley, and Mr. Wigglesworth and his Wife, 
dined with them ; I furnished New England Salt. 

Sy 16. Keep a day of Prayer in the East end of the 
Town-House, Govf, Council and Assembly. Mr. Morton 
begun with Prayer, Mr. Allin praj^'d, Mr. Willard preached 
— If God be with us who can be against us ? — Spake 
smartly at last about the Salem Witchcrafts, and that no 
order had been suffer'd to come forth by Authority to 
ask Gods pardon. 

Mr. Torrey pray'd, Mr. Moodey ; both excellently : All 
pray'd hard for the persons gon forth in the expedition.^ 
7^ 17- Mr. Moodey preacheth the Lecture from Act. 
13. 36. For David after He had served his own Genera- 
tion &c : made a very good Sermon ; Din'd with Mr. Dan- 
forth, Winthrop, Gedney, Russel, Sewall — about 10, at 
Meers's. 

7^ 18, p. m. The Council and Representatives sub- 
scribe the Association.^ In the morn had warm discourse 



1 Hutchinson -vsrites (Hist. IT., 94, 95) that when the ne^ys of Captain 
Chubb's surrender reached Boston, five hundred men were raised without 
dehiy, and sent to Portsmouth. Thence they proceeded to tlie eastward, and 
sif:^hted tlie French vessels as they left Penobscot. Xo engagement followed, 
however, and the troops returned to Boston. — Ens. 

' Macaulay, in the twenty-first chapter of his History, describes the Jacobite 
Plot for the assassination of King William in February, liiltO. ^\'lleu it be- 
came known, the members of Parliament form(M;l an ass(»ciation for his de- 
fence and that of the country. Tlie example was followed here, as tlie 

28 



434 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1696. 

whether the Court could sit or no, because the writ by 
which twas call'd was made void ; at last spake round and 
were then quiet. Govf said he was resolved to hold the 
Court if so many would abide with Him as were capable. 

7^ 25*?^ 1696. Mr. John Glover is buried. Col. Pyn- 
chon, Mr. Cook, Mr. P. Sergeant and Mr. Oakes were 
there. Drew up a Letter to the Duke of Shrewsbury. 

Oct- 3. David Edwards is buried. The Revival of 
Courts is published; and the Court adjourned to the 18. 
NovF 1, p. m Some mov'd for a Disolution, saying fear'd 
we were not on a good bottom, which anger'd the L* Govf 
Sepf 29. 1696. Mr. Wigglesworth and his wife lodge 
here. 

Octr 3. 1696. Mr. Joseph Baxter lodges here, being to 
preach for Mr. Willard on the Sabbath : Deacon Frary 
came to me on Friday ; told me Mr. AVillard put him upon 
getting help on the fifth day at even, because disapointed 



following document, remaining in oiu" Archives, %Yith the signatures of all 
the members of the Legislature, attests: — 

"By the Hon''"' William Stougiitox, Esq! Lieut Govern, and Com- 
mander-in-Chief, the Council and Representatives of his ]\La*>''' Prov- 
ince of the LLassachusetts Bay in New England in America, An 
Association. 
♦' Whereas there has been a horrid and detestable Conspiracy formed and 
carried on by Papists and other wicked and traiterous pei-sons for assassi- 
nating his ]\La'>'^ Royal person, in order to encourage an Invasion from 
France, to subvert our Religion, Laws and Liberty, We whose names are 
hereunto subscribed, do heartily, sincerely and solemnly profess, testify and 
declare. That his present INIa'^ King William is rightful and lawful King of 
the Realms of England, Scotland and Ireland. And we do mutually prom- 
ise and engage to stand by and assist each other to the utmost of our power 
in the support and Defence of his Ma'-^'* most sacred Person and (government, 
against the late King James and all his Adherents. And in case his Ma*^ 
come to any violent or untimely death (whicli God forbid), "We do hereby 
further freely and unanimously oblige ourselves to unite, associate and 
Stand by each other in revengeing the same upon his Enemies and their Ad- 
herents, and in supporting and defending the Succession of the Crown 
according to an Act made in the first year of the Reign of King William 
and Queen ]\[ary. Entitled an Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the 
Subject, and Setling the Succession of the Crown." — Eds. 



1696.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 435 

of Mr. Sparhawk. He sent that even to Braintrey ; but 
for fear of failing rode thether himself on Sixth-day morn 
and secured Him : After the Meeting at Bro'' Wheelers, 
came and told me of it, and earnestly proposed to me that 
He might lodge at m}^ house ; which I thought I could not 
avoid except I would shut my doors against one of Christ's 
servants ; which I also inclin'd to, only was afraid lest som 
should take offence. And my Library was convenient for 
Him. 

Oct- 10. Bro!" Pemberton dies. Octy 12. L* Governour 
goes to Cambridge, Mr. Secretary, Major Wally and I goe 
to Dorchester and wait on his Honour from thence ; Mr. 
Cook, Mr. Hutchinson, Foster, Russel, Lynde there : Mr. 
Williams made an Oration (Mr Pemberton should have 
done it but was prevented by his fathers death). L* Gov! 
complemented the Pressedent &c., for all the respect to 
him, acknowldg'd his obligation and promis'd his Interposi- 
tion for them as become such an Alumnus to such an 
Alma Mater : directed and desired the Presd* and fellows 
to go on ; directed and enjoined the students to obedience. 
Had a good diner : came home : Mr. Danforth not there. 
Mr. Cotton Mather took off Mr. Chauncy and Oakes's 
Epitaphs as I read them to him. 

Oct. 13 Gov!" goes to view the Castle, I went not be- 
cause of a Flux. Mr. Siins dined with me to day, spake 
of the assault he had made upon periwiggs ; and of his 
Repulses. Soem'd to be in good sober sadness. 4'! Ocf! 21. 
1G96, A church is gathered at Cambridge North-farms: 
No Relations made, but a Covenant sis^u'd and voted ])V 
10 Brethren dismiss'd from the churches of Cambridu'c, 
Watertown, Woburn, Concord for this work. Being de- 
clar'd to be a church, they chose Mr. Benj. Estabi-ooks 
their Pastor, who had made a good Sermon from Jer. 3. 
15. Mr. Estabrooks, the father, manaired this. haviu<2: 
pray'd excellently : Mr. Willard gave the charge ; Mr. 
Fox the Right hand of Fellowship. Sung part of the 4 



436 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1693. 

Ps. From the 9^^ v. to the end, God, our Thoughts. 
Mr. Stone nnd Fisk thanked me for my Assistance there. 
Cambridge was sent to though had no Teaching officer ; 
they sent Elder Clark, Hasting Remington. 

Sabbath, Ocf^? 25. Towards the latter end of Mr. 
Mathers Prayer, a dog vomited in the Ally near the cor- 
ner of Mr. Willards Pue, which stunk so horribly that 
some were forc'd out of the house ; I and others could 
hardly stay ; Mr. Mather himself almost sick. Just about 
duskish we know there is an house on fire, it proves Peter 
Butlers, just by my Ladies [PhijDs], where Mr. Nowell 
once dwelt. Mr, Green, who married Mr. Mathers daugh- 
ter, is one of the Tenants: He and his family were at 
Charlestown, keeping Sabbath there. 

Fifth day Oct^^ 22. Capt. Byfield Marries his daughter 
Debora to James Lyde, before Mr. Willard. Mr Sparhawk 
would have had her. Oct!" 29"' Clouds hinder our sight 
of the eclipsed Moon ; though tis aparently dark by means 
of it. 

Oct- 30. Mr. Wif]i:o:leswortli tells me that one John 
Bucknam of Maiden, above 50 years old, has been per- 
fectly dumb near 18 years, and now within about 3 weeks 
has his understanding and speech restored. He is much 
affected with the Goodness of God to him herein. 

2'^ day, Nov- 2. Mary goes to Mrs. Thair's to learn to 
Bead and Knit. 

3'^ d. Nov^ 10. Ride to Salem with Mr. Cooke, get to 
Lewis's I of an hour before Mr. Danforth ; were met there 
by Mr. Sheriff", Mr. Harris and Brown ; Mr. Howard went 
with us; in the Even visit Govf Bradstreet, who confirms 
what had formerly told me about Mr. Gage his being in 
the Expedition against Hispaniola and dying in it. Nov"" 11. 
Grand jury present Tho Maule for publishing his scandalous 
Book. Jury of Tryals, of whom Capt Turner and Capt. 
King were two, bring him in Not Guilty, at which he 
Triumphs. Mr. Bullivant spake for him, but modestly 



I696.;l DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 437 

and with respect. In the even visited Major Brown, there 
sung First part of 72 ps. and last part 24th. But first 
visited Mr. Higginson, though had din'd with us. He tells 
me that the protector, Oliver Cromwell, when Gen-, wrot 
to Mr. Hook of Newhaven, and therein sent comendations 
to Mr. Cotton ; upon which Mr. Cotton was writt to by 
Mr. Hook and desir'd to write to the Gen\ which He did, 
and advis'd him that to take from the Spaniards in Amer- 
ica would be to dry up Euphrates ; which was one thing 
put Him upon his Exjjedition to Hispaniola, and Mr. Hig- 
ginson and o more were to have gone to HisjDaniola if the 
Place had been taken. 0. Cromwell would have had 
Capt. Leverett to have gone thether Gov*", told him twas 
drying up Euphrates, and He intended not to desist till He 
came to the Gates of Eome. This Mr. Cook said He had 
heard his father Leverett tell many a time. Gov^ Lever- 
ett said, My Lord let us make an end of one voyage first, 
and declin'd it; at which Oliver was blank. One told Mr. 
Leverett, Jamaica was the Protectors Darling, and he had 
disadvantaged himself in not consenting to goe. 

Novf 12. Dine with Fish and Fowls at Major Brown's. 
Col. Gedney went out of Town, so that we saw him not 
all the Court. Major Brown, Mr. Benj. Brown, Brother, 
Mr Einerson, Col. Hathorn brought us going as far as the 
Butts. Mr. Cook ask'd me which way would goe, I said 
we will goe [with] Mr. Danforth as far as the [blank], so 
came home by Charlestown very comfortably. I set 
Betty to read Ezek. 37, and she weeps so that can hardly 
read : I talk with her and she tells me of the various 
Temptations she had ; as that [she] was a Reprobat, 
Loved not God's ^^eople as she should. Intends to come 
home when she has don her Cusheon. Find all well at 
home. 

Novl" 13. Mr. Addington comes to me, and tells me I 
was suiiiond to Dorchester by the L* Gov- to dine. 1 told 
him of Mr. Simon Wainvvright, and ask'd his Advise about 



438 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1696 

putting his name out of the Comission, He made me no 
Answer; At which I was a little disapointed and look'd 
on him: He stood up and said he was very ill : I reach'd 
the elbow chair to Him and with my Arms crowded him 
into it ; where he presently became like a dying man : I 
sent for Mr. Oakes, who was not at home : But he quickly 
reviv'd and said He was in a Sweat, would sit a little and 
then goe : Said twas well I got him into the chair, else 
should have fallen. He gave me an Almanack in Mr. 
Ushers name, desir'd me to present his Duty to the L' 
Gov*" and went home. I fear twas a fit of the Apoplexy. 
Went with Maj-^ Wally and Capt Southack to the L* 
Govl"'^ where dined ; Capt Kiggin, Jesson, Eyre, Fayer- 
wether, Tho Brattle, Belchar, Dudly, Southack, Daven- 
port, Edw. Turfrey, Maccarty, Mr. Leverett, Danforth, 
Major Townsend, Major Walley, Sewall ; Gov' Usher, Lt. 
Governour and Mr. Usher sat at the end of the table, Cap. 
Kiggin next on the L* Gov*"^ side, then Cap- Jesson, Mr 
Eyre. Sewall sat next on Mr. Usher's side, then Major 
Wally, Major Townsend. 'Twas about sunset by the time 
w^e got home. Nov!" 20 6*.^ day. Madam Sam^ Bellingliam, 
Cap!^ Thomas, Mr. Willard and their wives, Mr. Wood- 
bridge and his Kinsman Brockherst dined here. 

Nov'' 25. 1G96. Brof brings home Elizabeth, who is 
well, blessed be God. Went thither Aug! 24. 

Nov!" 25. Mr. Wi" Brattle was Ordained at Cambrido:e. 
He and Mr. Mather, the President, preached. Twas first 
order'd that Mr. Brattle should not preach, but many 
being troubled at it, twas afterward altered. Mr. Brattle 
also procured the Church to order that Elder Clark should 
not lay his hand on's head when he was ordain'd ; and he 
refrain'd accordingly. So that Deacon Gill coming home, 
said he liked all very well except the Bill of Exclusion. 
I was feverish by reason of Cold taken the day before, 
and so abode at home. 

Wednesday, NovF 25. 1G96. As I sat alone at home in 



1696.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 439 

the old Room, I had the Notion first ; Tis when Martyrs 
Seen, not slain [as a fulfilment of Prophecy]. 

Second-day, Nov!" 30. Many Scholars go in the After- 
noon to Scate on Fresh-pond ; William Maxwell, and John 
Eyre fall in and are drown'd. Just about Candle-lighting 
the news of it is brought to Town, which affects persons 
exceedingly. Mr. Eyre the father cryes out bitterly. 
Deer. 1. The body of Jn" Eyre is brought to Town. 
DecF 3. is buried. Ministers of Boston had Gloves and 
Rings, Counsellors Gloves, of Boston. Bearers, Hutchin- 
son, Dudley, Sim. Bradstreet, Duiiier Jer., Jn*^ Winthrop, 
Belchar. Maxwell was buried at Cambridge. Paul Mil- 
ler, his 2 sons, and about 4 more drowned last week ; 
vessel and corn lost coming from Barstable. 

Dec- 2. 1G96. Now about Capt. Byfield brings in a 
long Bill from the deputys for a Fast and Reformation, 
written by Mr. Cotton Mather,' to which a Streamer was 
added expressing that Partiality in Courts of Justice was 
obvious ; with a Vote on it that oOO should be printed, 
should be read ; and sent up for Concurrence : 'twas 
deny'd ; and our Bill for a Fast was sent down ; Dept* 
deny'd that. Gov!" told them the way was unusual, they 
had taken, sending out a Comittee, calling the Ministers, 
voting all; and never letting the Council know : that it 
pertain'd principally to the Govf and Council to set forth 
such orders with a motion from them. A while after Capt. 



^ It seems hardly \Yorth while to copy all of Mather's characteristic tirade, 
the original being on file in Massachusetts Archives. XI. 110; but we give 
the passage probably referred to, as j'Kjinted at the judires: — 

" And all civil ajfiars are hereljy Likewise called ujion vii,^orously to pur- 
sue tlie execution of the Laire^. from Time to Time. Eiiacl'-d au'ainst all 
Imrnoralitit'S: and in their sevi-ral pLacfs as well to make Dii'ieut J-Jmniirie-^ 
and It/ipartial pr*:^erttnient^ of all offenses against tlie saiil Lunvs. as tu />('.■.'- 
pen^e Justice equalhj. for no cause forhearinij to do their ojjii-e. according to the 
Oath of God. which is upon tliem: and unto this end. freiu'iitly to havo 
their consultations in their several precincts, what nvvj hte dune % tliem to sujy- 
press an J Comtnon Ecils." — Eds. 



440 DIAEY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1696. 

Byfield came in, and said 'twas no new thing, and they 
had taken no wrong step. Little was said to him. It 
seems this message is enter'd in their Booke.^ The Council 



1 Although we cannot find this entry on the records of the House, some 
documents remain in Mass. Archives, Vol. XI. pp. 120-122. Tlie House of 
Representatives passed the long and verbose proclamation for a fast just 
cited. The Council non-concurred, and the House, after a protest that 
they meant no disrespect to the other branch in non-concurring in the Coun- 
cil's bill, proposed that both bills be committed to the Reverend Elders of 
Boston, to prepare a new draft. The draft of the proclamation, as finally 
decided upon, is in the same volume of the Archives, and is as follows: — 

By the Hon. the L^ Gov., Council and Assembly of his Maj'^' Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay in General Court Assembled. 

Whereas the Anger of God is not yet turned away, but his Hand is still 
stretched out against his people, in manifold Judgment; particularly in draw- 
ing out to such a Length, the Troubles of Europe by a perplexing War. 
And more especially, respecting our selves in this Province, in that God is 
pleased still to go on in diminishing our Substance, cutting short our Har- 
vest; blasting our most promising undertakings; more ways than one, un- 
settling of us ; and by his more immediat Hand, snatching away many out 
of our Embraces by suddain and violent deaths; even at this time when the 
Sword is devouring so many, both at home and abroad, and that after many 
Days of publick and solemn addressing of Him. And although considering 
the many Sins, prevailing in the midst of us, we cannot but wonder at the 
Patience and Mercy moderating these Rebukes; yet we cannot but also fear, 
that there is something still wanting to accompany our suplications. And 
doubtless there are som particular Sins, which God is angry with our Israel 
for, that have not been duely seen and resented by us, about which God ex- 
pects to be sought; if ever He turn again our Captivity. 

Wherefoi-e its Comand'' and apoit? that Thursday the Fourteenth of Jan- 
uary next be observed as a Day of Prayer and Fasting throughout the 
Province; strictly forbidding all Servile Labour thereon. That so all God's 
people may offer up Supplications unto him for the preservation and pros- 
perity of his ]\Iaj'^'* Royal person and Government, and Success to attend liis 
]\Iaj'y both at home and abroad: That all Iniquity may be put away which 
hath proved Gods holy Jealousie against this Land; that He w'ould shew us 
what we know not, and help us, wherein we have done amiss, to doe so no 
more: And, especially, that whatever Mistakes, on either hand, have been 
fallen into, either by the body of this People, or any Orders of then,* 
referring to the late Tragedie raised amongst us by Satan and his Instru- 
ments, through the aw'fuU Judgment of God; He would humble us therefore, 
and pardon all the Errors of his Servants and People that desire to Love his 

* Undoubtedly a clerical error for them, meaning the bench. — Eds. 



1696.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 441 

were exceedingly grieved to be thus roughly treated. 
About Dec!" 18, Mr. Mather, Allen, Willard, C. Mather 
give in a paper subscribed by them, shewing their dislike 
of our drauo;ht for the CoUedo-e Charter, and desirino; that 
their Names might not be entered therein. One chief 
reason was their apointing the Govf and Council for 
Visitor. 

Dec- 19. Mr. Allin prays, and the Court is prorogued 
to the 17*^ Febr. at 1. p m. L'^ Governour said that hop'd 
by praying together, our Love to God and one another 
should be increased. This is the first Prorogation that I 
know of. 

JSfota, Deputies voted our Bill for the Fast at length. 
Mr. Byfield brought it in, said. They would have doubtless 
instead oiprohahly. And would have those words — and 
so revive that joyful Pi^overh in the world, One flock, one 
Shepherd — Left out. Their reason was because Gods 
conversion of the American Heathen did not make it good. 
Therefore would have the word Obey added after our 
hear, and let that be the close. ^ 

Note. I had by accident met with and transcribed Mr. 
Strongs Notes on Rev. 12"' about the slaying of the wit- 
nesses, the evening before this fell out : The last words 
were, prepare for it. I doe not know that ever I saw the 
Council run upon with such a height of Rage before. The 
Lord prepare for the Issue. I dont rememb'" to have seen 
Capt. Byfield or Oliver at prayers. And the Ministers 



Xamp; and be attoneJ to His Land. That lie would remove tlie Rod of 
the Wicked from off the Lot of the Righteous; That lie would bring the 
American Heatlien, and cause them to hear and obey his voice. 

Dec'' 11.1000. Voted in Council and sent down for concurrance. Is? Ad- 
uiNGTox, Secr'y. 

Dec. 17, 1000. Voted a concurrance. Pexn Townsend, Speaker. 

I consent. W^' Stoughtox. — Ens. 

^ The changes are all on the original paper. I'pham has printfMl the 
latter part of this proclamation in his Salem Witchcraft, Vol. II. p. 47-'5, but 
he omits the second liue; possibly he quotes from some other copy. — Eos. 



442 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [1696. 

will go to England for a Charter, except we exclude the 
Council from the Visitation.^ Allege this Reason : because 
the K.[ing] will not pass it, and so shall be longer unset- 
tled. Note Dec!" 12. 1696. Capt. Davis's eldest Daughter 
dyes very suddenly. Was a great Funeral next week. 

Dec^ 21. A very great Snow is on the Ground.^ I go 
in the morn to Mr. Willard, to entreat him to cliuse his 
own time to come and pray with little Sarah : He comes 
a little before night, and prays very fully and well. Mr. 
Mather, the President, had pray^ with her in the time 
of the Courts sitting. Decy 22. being Catechising day, I 
give Mr. Willard a note to pray for my daughter pub- 
lickly, which he did. Note, this morn Madam Elisa Bell- 
ingham came to our house and upbraided me with setting 
my hand to pass Mr. Wharton's ace- to the Court, 
where he obtain'd a Judo-m* for Eustace's farm. I was 
wheadled and hector'd into that business, and have all 
along been uneasy in the remembrance of it: and now 
there is one come who will not spare to lay load. The 
Lord take away my filthy garments, and give me change 
of Rayment. This day I remove poor little Sarah into 
my Bed-chamber, where about Break of Day Decf 23. she 
gives up the Ghost in Nurse Cowell's Arms. Born, Nov. 
21. 1694. Neither I nor my wife were by: Nurse not 
expecting so sudden a change, and having promis'd to 
call us. I thought of Christ's Words, could you not watch 
with me one hour ! and would fain have sat up with her : 

1 An act was passed June 4, 1697, to incorporate Harvard College. It was 
disallowed by the Crown, as had been a previous act, of June 27, 1G92. The 
first was faulty in not reserving power for the King to appoint visitors; the 
second, because it coupled the Council with the Governor in the exercise of 
that power. See Province Laws, new ed., I. 39, 290. — Eds. 

- Hutchinson writes (Hist. II. 101, note 1), " The winter of 1696 was as 
cold as had been known from the first arrival of the English: slays and 
loaded sleds passing great part of the time upon the ice from Boston as far as 
Nantasket. Greater losses in trade had never been known, than what were 
met with in this year; nor was there, at any time after the first year, so great 
a scarcity of food; nor was grain ever at a liigher price." — Eds. 



1696.] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 443 

but fear of my wives illness, who is very valetudinarious, 
made me to lodge with her in the new Hall, where was 
call'd by Jane's Cry, to take notice of my dead daughter. 
Nurse did long and pathetically ask our pardon that she 
had not call'd us, and said she was surpriz*^. Thus this 
very fair day is rendered fowl to us by reason of the gen- 
eral Sorrow and Tears in the family. Master Chiever 
W41S here the evening before, I desir'd him to pray for my 
daughter. The Chapf read in course on Dec!" 23. m. was 
Deut. 22. which made me sadly reflect that I had not 
been so thorowly tender of my daughter ; nor so effectu- 
ally carefull of her Defence and preservation as I should 
have been. The good Lord pity and pardon and help for 
the future as to those God has still left me. 

Dec- 24. Sam. recites to me in Latin, Mat. 12. from 
the 6'.'' to the end of the 12*^ v. The 7^^ verse did awfully 
bring to mind the Salem Tragedie.^ 

6'? day, Decf 25, 1696. We bury our little daughter. 
In the chamber, Joseph in course reads Ecclesiastes 3'! a 
time to be born and a time to die — Elisabeth, Rev. 22. 
Hanah, the 38- Psalm. I speak to each, as God helped, 
to our mutual comfort I hope. I order'd Sam. to read 
tlie 102. Psalm. Elisha Cooke, Edw. Hutchinson, John 
Baily, and Josia Willard bear my little daughter to the 
Tonib. 

Note. Twas wholly dry, and I went at noon to see in 
what order thino-s were set : and there I was entertain'd 
witli a view of, and converse with, the Coffins of my dear 
Father Hall, Mother Hull, Cousin Quinsey, and my Six 
Children: for the little posthumous was now took up and 
set in upon that that stands on John's : so are three, one 
upon another twice, on the bench at the end. My Mother 
ly's on a lower bench, at the end, with head to her Hus- 



^ " If ye had known what this meaneth, T.will have mercy and not sacrifice, 
ye would not have condemned the guiltless." — Eds. 



444 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [169f 

band's head: and I order'd little Sarah to be set on her 
Grandmother's feet. 'Twas an awf ull yet pleasing Treat ; 
Having said, The Lord knows who shall be brought liether 
next, I came away. 

Mr. Willard pray'd with us the night before ; I gave 
him a Ring worth about 20^ Sent the President one, who 
is sick of the Gout He pray*^ with my little daughter. 
Mr. Oakes, the Physician, Major Townsend, Speaker, of 
whoes wife I was a Bearer, and was join'd with me in 
going to Albany and has been Civil and treated me sev- 
eral times. Left a Ring at Madam Cooper's for the Gov- 
ernour. Gave not one pair of Gloves save to the Bearers. 
Many went to the Church this day, I met them coming 
home, as went to the Tomb. 7"' day Dec- 26. Roger 
Judd tells me of a ship arriv'd at Rode Island from Eng- 
land, and after, that Mr. Ive has written that most judged 
the King of France was dead, or dying. Ship comes from 
New Castle, several weeks after the Falkland. Jan^' 1. 
G"' day 169|- One with a Trumpet sounds a Levet [Blast] 
at our window just about break of day, bids me good 
morrow and wishes health and hapiness to attend me. I 
was awake before, and my wife, so we heard him : but 
went not to the window, nor spake a word. The Lord fit 
me for his coming in whatsoever way it be. Mr. Willard 
had the Meeting at his house to day, but We had no Livi- 
tation to be there as is usual. 

On the 22^?' of May I buried my abortive son ; so neither 
of us were then admitted of God to be there, and now the 
Owners of the family admit us not : It may be I must 
never more hear a Sermon there. The Lord pardon all 
my Sins of Omission and Commission : and by his Al- 
mighty power make me meet to be partaker of the In- 
heritance with the S'^ in Light. Second-day Jan^' 11, 
IGOf- God helped me to pray more than ordinarily, that 
He would make up our Loss in the burial of our little 
daughter and other children, and that would give us a 



169f_j DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 445 

Child to Serve Him, pleading with Him as the Insti tutor 
of Marriage, and the Author of every good work. Jan^ 15. 
Gridley s wife dies in child-bed. 

[PjtSTITION PUT UP BY Mr. SeWALL O?^ THE FaST DaY.] 

Copy of the Bill I put up on the Fast day ; giving it to 
Mr. Willard as he pass'd by, and standing up at the read- 
ing of it, and bowing when finished ; in the Afternoon. 

Samuel Sewall, sensible of the reiterated strokes of God 
upon himself and family ; and being sensible, that as to 
the Guilt contracted upon the opening of the late Comis- 
sion of Oyer and Terminer at Salem (to which the order 
for this Day relates) he is, upon many accounts, more con- 
cerned than any that he knows of. Desires to take the 
Blame and shame of it. Asking pardon of men. And es- 
pecially desiring prayers that God, who has an Unlimited 
Authority, would pardon that sin and all other his sins ; 
personal and Relative : And according to his infinite 
Benignity, and Sovereignty, Not Visit the sin of him, or 
of any other, upon himself or any of his, nor upon the 
Land : But that He would pojrerfully defend liim against 
all Temptations to Sin, for the future ; and vouchsafe 
him the efficacious, saving Conduct of his Word and 
Spirit.^ 



^ Xo considerable period of time passed till all measures which involved 
th" use of force and legal proceedings on charges of witchcraft were quietly 
abandoned. Some few there were who only slowly and reluctantly — ■ even 
if they did ever come to that fixed conviction — were brought to allow tluit 
the whole excitement was to be referred to surprise, consternation, and strong 
ddusion. Others there were whose horror and indignation at tlie outrages 
visited upon maligned and thoroughly innocent and really estimable victims 
w>re so intense, that, had they thought they could rely upon a sufficient support 
in so doing, they would have severely called the prime actors in them to judg- 
uidnt. But tlie large nuijorityof all classes in the immediate community seem 



446 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [lOOf 

Mr. Daniel Neal's Hist. N. England p. 536. Names of 
the Judges, p. 502, vol. 2. 

Jan^ 26. 169 f- I lodged at Charlestown, at Mrs. Shep- 
ards, who tells me Mr. Harvard built that house. I lay 
in the chamber next the street. As I lay awake piast 
midnight, In my Meditation, I was affected to consiuVir 

to have thought it best to keep silent, to mourn in secret over the horrors and 
agonies of the brief delusion, and to trust to the healing influences of time, 
Avhile manifesting a tender and respectful sympathy for the wrongs that had 
been borne by the innocent and their friends. 

The public feeling, however, which was not resolute enough to secure 
any thing like a just reparation, so far as confession of wrong and an attempt 
at compensation would go — towards redressing injustice to individuals — 
did prevail in demanding a public and formal expression of contrition. The 
14th of January, 1697, was appointed by the General Court to be solemnly 
observed as a day of fasting and prayer on account of what might have been 
done amiss "in the late tragedy, raised among us by Satan and his instru- 
ments, through the awful judgment of God." 

Other subjects for contrition and supplication, such as were distinctly men- 
tioned in the public appointment of the not infrequent fast days, were giveu 
in the appointment of this day, but it was understood to have a special refer- 
ence to the proceedings of the Court of Oyer and Terminer. The confession 
and petition by which Judge Sewall so humbly bi'ought himself on that day 
before the congregation with which he worshipped, will have their full sig- 
nificance when taken in connection with his own habit — as appears from his 
journal — of complying with a custom reverently observed by his most honored 
contemporaries. He had, often with the deepest earnestness, followed this 
usage, in "putting up a Bill," bearing his own name, to be read from the 
pulpit on occasions of sad or joyful providences for himself or his family or 
most intimate friends. This was the custom of the devout in his time and 
fellowship when visited with affliction or with a dread of it, when a child 
was born, or a member of the household was sick, or a journey by land or 
sea was to be ventured, or had been accomplished. Similar individual peti- 
tions and confessions were offered by wrong-doers and penitents. Judge 
Sewall, as will have been observed by the reader, had experienced many do- 
mestic trials and afflictions, which had deeply tried his aifectionate heait. 
The spirit and tenor of the solemn bill which he put up on this occasion 
require no comment here. The act was equally free of conceit in sei- 
obtrusion, and of any thing like unmanly self-abasement. If he had been a 
party to a grievous wrong, his motive and purpose had been sincere. It hvs 
been traditionally received — no record of the fact from his own pen is kiiovn 
to us — that the Chief Judge on the trials, Lieut. Gov. Stougliton, when ii- 
formed of what Sewall had done, said that he had no such confession ;o 
make, as he had acted according to the best light which God had given hiii- 
— Eds. 



1694.] DIAET OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 447 

how long agoe God had made provision for my comfort- 
able Lodo-ino^ that niorht ; seeino; that was Mr. Harvards 
house : And that led me to think of Heaven the House 
not made with hands, which God for many Thousands of 
years has been storing with the richest furniture (saints 
that are from time to time placed there), and that I had 
some hopes of being entertain'd in that Magnificent Con- 
venient Palace, every way fitted and furnished. These 
thoughts were very refreshing to me.^ 

JanT 28. 169 1 Mr. Palmer marries Mrs. Abigail Hutch- 



^ There is something very touching and impressive in the tenderness and 
devoutness of this entry in the Judge's Diary. John Harvard seems to be 
the " Melchisedec " of the first age of the Colony of ^Massachusetts. He is 
known to us only as " a priest of the Most High God," and as one who 
" gave gifts." So far as any certified facts concerning his lineage or circum- 
stances have been preserved for us, he is " without father, witliout mother, 
without descent, having neither beginning of days," nor a known resting- 
place for his mortal dust. The scanty information which we have about the 
revered founder of " the College in the wilderness " covers only these facts, 
that he received the degrees of A.B. and ]\I.A. from Emanuel College, 
Cambridge, England, in 1631 and 1685; that he was admitted a townsman 
in Cliarlestown, Aug. 6, 1637; that he, with Anna, his wife, was received 
into the communion of the church, of whose minister, Mr. Symmes, he was a 
temporaiT assistant, on Xov. 6, 1637; that he was put on a committee with 
five of his townsmen April 26, 1638, "to consider of something tending 
towards a body of laws; " that he was favored in the allotment of land and 
privileges; that he died of consumption, in Charlestown, Sept. 1-4, 1638 
(old style) ; and that, by a nuncupative will, he left half of his estate and 
his whole library to the College. The money gift was estimated at 
£779. 17. 2. He was probably interred at the foot of the Town Hill, in 
Charlestown. The monument to him, erected on the Burial Hill in the 
Town, by the alumni of the College, and dedicated by an address by Edward 
Everett, Sept. 26, 1828, was arbitrarily raised on the spot where it stands 
because it commanded then a view of the site of the College. According to 
the change of style, there is an error in the inscription on the monument 
which gives the date of Harvard's death as Sept. 26. It sliould be Sept. 2i. 

The house "which ^Ir. Ilai'vard built," and in a chamber of which 
Sewall found in his wakefulness the companionship of sucli holy thoughts, 
stood near tlie site of tlie present meeting-house on Town Ilill. It became, 
afterwards, tlie property of the Rev. Thomas Shepard. If it remained stand- 
ing till the time of our Revolutionary War, it must have fallen in tlie con- 
flagration of the town caused by Generals Clinton and Burgoyue, by bombs 
from the battery on Copp's Hill, June 17, 1775. — Eds. 



448 DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. [169f 

inson. Febr. 4 Bro'" Hawkins and his wife, the Thurtons, 
Sara, and Atherton Haugh, Joseph Gerrish and W? Long- 
fellow dine with us. Febr. 5. extream cold, which discern 
not when Joseph went away. This evening Mr. Willard, 
Bromfield, Eyre, Sergeant, Frary, Hill, Williams, Oliver, 
Checkly, Davis, Wally, Stoddard, met at my house. Mr. 
Willard pray'd. Then discours'^ what was best to be done 
relating to the desires of some for a meeting ; whether 
twere best to call one, or no. Mr. Willard shew'^ his re- 
sentments of the disorderly carriage in striving to bring 
in Mr. Bradstreet, after only thrice preaching [as a can- 
didate for the South Church], and that in that way, he 
should not be settled with us till he Mr. W. was in his 
Grave. That he had a Negative, and was not only a Mod- 
erator. Shew'd his dislike of the Person and his Preaching, 
inferiour to the ministerial Gifts of others. Before the 
Meeting broke up, I said his Preaching was very agreeable 
to me, I thought not of him, had no hand in bringing him 
to preach, had prejudices against him, was ready to start at 
first when any spake of fixing on him ; yet as often as he 
preached, he came nearer and nearer to me. Spake this 
chiefly because all that Mr. Willard had said of Mr. Brad- 
street, had been exceedingly undervaluing : and because 
Mr. Willard said no body had been with him to speak 
to him about Mr. Bradstreet but Mr. Stoddard. Mr. 
Oliver said if Mr. Willard were so averse, had rather let it 
rest. Sometimes said were now ready for a new Meeting- 
house. Some, Let us call Mr. Bailey. At last agreed to 
mention the matter to the church after the Afternoon 
Exercise. Febr. 7. Mr. Willard recapitulats how long 
he had been oiu' Pastor; near 20. years; and near 18. 
years alone, had to his measure served God faitlifully, was 
desirous of Help, lay not in him, yet had none ; if what 
he propounded more than a year ago had been attended, 
might have made for the Glory of God. Ask'd if now 
were ready to pitch on any ; if were, then must have a 



169f ] DIARY OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 449 

Fast. None speake ; at last Capt. Ephr. Savage desired 
might meet in sons dwelling house, many were there pres- 
ent which were not of us. Mr. Willard assented, and on 
Mr. Sergeants motion, apointed to meet at his house, 15. 
Inst* at 2 p.m. When at our house, some said Charles- 
town being before us, to call a Fast after they had call'd 
Mr. Bradstreet would be evil spoken of : the person of 
their desires being gon. Some said that Fasting now at 
Charlestown and here was but a Trick ; not just so : but 
tending that way. Mr. Willard said Charlestown would be 
before us, do what we could ; and if they call'd him 'twas 
not fit for us to meddle till he had given his Answer : som 
look'd at this as Artifice in the Ministers to prevent the 
South Church. For when Mr. Willard propounded Mr. 
Pemberton by name, 1695, No Fast preceded. If Mr. 
Willard had not so propounded, believe the thing had 
been issued at that time : but many look'd on it as an Im- 
position and tending to infringe their Liberty of choice. 
I had been with Mr. Willard the day before, and told him 
some scruples that I was not just ready to act till had en- 
quired further. 

Feb. 8. Mr. Bromfield and Eyre call me, and we visit 
Mr. H. Usher, who is now brought to Town about a week 
ago ; Lay at Maiden some time by reason of a fall from's 
horse last 4'*" day five weeks. Febr. 9. I visit Mr. Wil- 
lard: spake with him after he began, about our confer- 
ence last 6*^^ day, told him the reason of my speaking as I 
did ', because had heard he should say, I forc'd the Ciiurch 
Meeting : whereas I